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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801676/hyaluronic-acid-coatings-as-a-simple-and-efficient-approach-to-improve-msc-homing-toward-the-site-of-inflammation
#1
Bruna Corradetti, Francesca Taraballi, Jonathan O Martinez, Silvia Minardi, Nupur Basu, Guillermo Bauza, Michael Evangelopoulos, Sebastian Powell, Claudia Corbo, Ennio Tasciotti
A major challenge in regenerative medicine is to improve therapeutic cells' delivery and targeting using an efficient and simple protocol. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are currently employed for the treatment of inflammatory-based diseases, due to their powerful immunosoppressive potential. Here we report a simple and versatile method to transiently overexpress the hyaluronic acid (HA) receptor, CD44, on MSC membranes, to improve their homing potential towards an inflammatory site without affecting their behavior...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768234/human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-ameliorate-experimental-pulmonary-hypertension-induced-by-maternal-inflammation-and-neonatal-hyperoxia-in-rats
#2
Chung-Ming Chen, Willie Lin, Liang-Ti Huang, Hsiu-Chu Chou
Pulmonary hypertension is a critical problem in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. This study determined the therapeutic effects of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on pulmonary hypertension in an animal model. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 0.5 mg/kg/day) on gestational days 20 and 21. The pups were randomly assigned to two treatment conditions: room air (RA) or an O2-enriched atmosphere. On postnatal day 5, they were intratracheally transplanted with human MSCs (3 × 105 and 1 × 106 cells) in 0...
July 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766061/lysophosphatidic-acid-enhances-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cell-viability-without-differentiation-via-lpa-receptor-mediating-manner
#3
Narengerile Li, Ya-Li Yan, Sachaofu Fu, Rui-Juan Li, Peng-Fei Zhao, Xi-Yuan Xu, Jing-Ping Yang, Alatangaole Damirin
Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) are potential stromal cells which are regarded as the most feasible stem cell group in cell therapy. The maintenance of cell survival without differentiation is important in cell transplantation and stem cell therapy. However, negative factors exist in cell transplantation. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a non-antigenic small molecule phospholipid which induced several fundamental cellular responses, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis and migration. In this study we aimed to explore the effects of LPA on the survival and differentiation of MSCs and its availability in cell therapy...
August 1, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747098/effect-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-on-t-cells-in-septic-context-immuno-suppression-or-immuno-stimulation
#4
Sebastien Le Burel, Cédric Thépenier, Laetitia Boutin, Jean-Jacques Lataillade, Juliette Peltzer
Sepsis is a complex process including a first wave of damage partially due to the body's response to pathogens, followed by a phase of immune cell dysfunction. The efficacy of a pharmacological approach facing a rapidly evolving system implies a perfect timing of administration, this difficulty could explain recent failure of clinical trials. MSC are usually defined as immunosuppressive, and their beneficial effects in preclinical models of acute sepsis have been shown to rely partly on such ability. If non regulated, this phenotype could be harmful in the immunosuppressed context arising hours after sepsis onset...
July 26, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744636/nlr2-and-tlr3-tlr4-tlr5-ligands-injected-in-vivo-improve-after-1-h-the-efficiency-of-cloning-and-proliferative-activity-of-bone-marrow-multipotent-stromal-cells-and-reduce-the-content-of-osteogenic-multipotent-stromal-cells-in-cba-mice
#5
Yu F Gorskaya, A I Tukhvatulin, V G Nesterenko
Ligands NLR2 (muramyldipeptide) and TLR (bacterial LPS, flagellin, CpG-dinucleotide, and Poly I:C) and S. typhimurium antigenic complex by 1.5-3-fold increase the efficiency of cloning and content of multipotent stromal cells (MSC) in the bone marrow of CBA mice as soon as 1 h postinjection. The counts of large colonies (150-500 cells) increased by 2.5-3.3 times in comparison with intact bone marrow cultures at the expense of a decrease in the number of smaller colonies, which attests to enhanced proliferation of stromal cells in the colonies...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697979/the-effect-of-endothelial-cell-activation-and-hypoxia-on-placental-chorionic-mesenchymal-stem-stromal-cell-migration
#6
Balta Al-Sowayan, Rosemary J Keogh, Mohammed Abumaree, Harry M Georgiou, Bill Kalionis
INTRODUCTION: Chorionic mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (CMSC) can be isolated from the placenta in large numbers. Although their functions are yet to be fully elucidated, they have a role in tissue development and repair. To fulfil such a role, CMSC must be able to migrate to the microenvironment of the injury site. This process is not fully understood and the aim of this study therefore, was to examine in vitro CMSC migration in response to tissue inflammation and hypoxic conditioning...
June 27, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667901/fibrous-scaffolds-potentiate-the-paracrine-function-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-a-new-dimension-in-cell-material-interaction
#7
Ni Su, Peng-Lai Gao, Kai Wang, Jin-Yang Wang, Yi Zhong, Ying Luo
While the studies on the material interaction with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been mainly focused on the ability of materials to provide environment to regulate cell viability, proliferation or differentiation, the therapeutic effects of MSC-material constructs may result from the secretion of immunomodulatory and angiogenic cytokines from MSCs. Here, electrospun scaffolds composed of fibers in random, aligned and mesh-like patterns were fabricated, and the paracrine behavior of adipose-derived MSCs (Ad-MSCs) on the scaffolds were investigated in comparison to the cell culture via conventional microplates...
June 23, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667247/astragalus-and-baicalein-regulate-inflammation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-mscs-by-the-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-mapk-erk-pathway
#8
Lei Zhu, Ya-Jun Liu, Hong Shen, Pei-Qing Gu, Lu Zhang
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as an attractive alternative to modulating immune response after transplantation. Recent studies have shown that systemically administered MSCs enter the inflamed intestine. In the present study, we propose a strategy to improve the efficacy of MSC-based cellular therapy for inflammation using Astragaloside and Baicalein to enhance cell survival, inhibit apoptosis, and modulate inflammatory response in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS MSCs were induced with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as an inflammatory model before being treated for 48 h with Astragaloside, Baicalein, and the combination of both...
July 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632668/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus-promotes-bmp9-induced-osteogenesis-and-suppresses-inflammatory-responses-in-human-periodontal-ligament-derived-stem-cells
#9
Joji Kusuyama, Toshiaki Nakamura, Tomokazu Ohnishi, Nahoko Eiraku, Kazuyuki Noguchi, Tetsuya Matsuguchi
OBJECTIVE: We previously reported that low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) promotes marrow stromal cell (MSC) osteogenesis and suppresses the LPS-induced inflammatory response in osteoblasts. Here, we examined the effects of LIPUS on human periodontal ligament-derived stem cells (hPDLSCs) in chronic inflammatory bone disease, such as periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: hPDLSCs were collected from 3 healthy third molars. hPDLSCs were induced to differentiate by either recombinant BMP2 or BMP9 with or without daily LIPUS treatment (20 min/d)...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598224/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-modulate-macrophages-in-clinically-relevant-lung-injury-models-by-extracellular-vesicle-mitochondrial-transfer
#10
Thomas J Morrison, Megan V Jackson, Erin K Cunningham, Adrien Kissenpfennig, Daniel F McAuley, Cecilia M O'Kane, Anna D Krasnodembskaya
RATIONALE: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) remains a major cause of respiratory failure in critically ill patients. Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) are a promising candidate for a cell based therapy. However, the mechanisms of MSCs effects in ARDS are not well understood. Here we focused on the paracrine effect of MSCs on macrophage polarization and the role of extracellular vesicle (EV)-mediated mitochondrial transfer. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of human MSCs on macrophage function in the ARDS environment and to elucidate the mechanisms of these effects...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594941/low-level-laser-lll-attenuate-lps-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-the-suppression-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-vitro
#11
Kan Yin, Rongjia Zhu, Shihua Wang, Robert Chunhua Zhao
BACKGROUND: Considering promising results in animal models and patients, therapeutic use of MSCs for immune disease is likely to undergo continued evaluation. Low-lever laser (LLL) has been widely applied to retard the inflammatory reaction. LLL treatment can potentially be applied in anti-inflammatory therapy followed by stem cell therapy. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of LLL (660 nm) on the inflammatory reaction induced by LPS in human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) and pertinent mechanism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494546/-regulatory-effect-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-polarization-of-macrophages
#12
Y Hou, X Zhou, W L Cai, C C Guo, Y Han
Objective: To examine the regulatory effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) on the polarization of bone marrow-derived macrophages, and to provide a theoretical support for the application of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of liver fibrosis. Methods: MSCs and macrophages were first isolated from the bone marrow of mice. Macrophages were polarized to M1 macrophages with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and to M2 macrophages with interleukin-4 (IL-4). The macrophages were then co-cultured with BM-MSCs in a Transwell for 24 h, and changes in the percentages of M1 and M2 macrophages were examined using flow cytometry...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440453/scrg1-suppresses-lps-induced-ccl22-production-through-erk1-2-activation-in-mouse-macrophage-raw264-7-cells
#13
Manabu Inoue, Junko Yamada, Emiko Aomatsu-Kikuchi, Kazuro Satoh, Hisatomo Kondo, Akira Ishisaki, Naoyuki Chosa
Recently, we identified the scrapie responsive gene 1 (SCRG1) secreted from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its receptor bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1 (BST1) as positive regulators of stem cell qualities such as self‑renewal, migration abilities, and osteogenic differentiation potential. Here, we examined the effect of the paracrine activity of SCRG1 in macrophages. The mouse macrophage‑like cell line Raw264.7 expressed BST1/β1 or BST1/β2 integrin as possible SCRG1 receptors. Unexpectedly, recombinant SCRG1 did not enhance cell proliferation, migration, or adhesion in these macrophages...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438862/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-oct4-sox2-overexpressing-human-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#14
Qiang Li, Sei-Myoung Han, Woo-Jin Song, Sang-Chul Park, Min-Ok Ryu, Hwa-Young Youn
BACKGROUND/AIM: The transcription factors Oct4 and Sox2 enhance the proliferation and pluripotency of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAT-MSCs); however, the anti-inflammatory effects of Oct4- and Sox2-overexpressing hAT-MSCs (Oct4/Sox2-hAT-MSCs) are unclear. Here, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of Oct4/Sox2-hAT-MSCs in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Supernatants from green-fluorescent protein (GFP)- and Oct4/Sox2-hAT-MSCs were used to treat lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372288/rat-bmsc-infusion-was-unable-to-ameliorate-inflammatory-injuries-in-tissues-of-mice-with-lps-induced-endotoxemia
#15
Xiaolin Xie, Hanhan Liu, Jinhua Wu, Yun Chen, Zhui Yu, Natalia De Isla, Xiaohua He, Yinping Li
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been shown to have potent immunoregulatory effects. They are able to mitigate inflammation in many contexts of immune disorders, including autoimmune diseases and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Endotoxemia can induce systematic inflammation in the body. In this study, we try to investigate whether MSC can attenuate inflammation in models of LPS-induced endotoxemia. METHODS: Bone marrow MSC (BMSC) were isolated and expanded from rats of 4~6-week age...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303927/efficient-generation-of-chemically-induced-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#16
Pei-Lun Lai, Hsuan Lin, Shang-Fu Chen, Shang-Chih Yang, Kuo-Hsuan Hung, Ching-Fang Chang, Hsiang-Yi Chang, Frank Leigh Lu, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Yu-Chuan Liu, Hsiao-Chun Huang, Jean Lu
Human mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent and currently undergoing hundreds of clinical trials for disease treatments. To date, no studies have generated induced MSCs from skin fibroblasts with chemicals or growth factors. Here, we established the first chemical method to convert primary human dermal fibroblasts into multipotent, induced MSC-like cells (iMSCs). The conversion method uses a defined cocktail of small molecules and growth factors, and it can achieve efficient conversion with an average rate of 38% in 6 days...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191017/mouse-mesenchymal-progenitor-cells-expressing-adipogenic-and-osteogenic-transcription-factors-suppress-the-macrophage-inflammatory-response
#17
Natalie Fernandez, Heather Renna, Lauren McHugh, Katie Mazolkova, William Crugnola, Jodi F Evans
Mesenchymal progenitor cell characteristics that can identify progenitor populations with specific functions in immunity are actively being investigated. Progenitors from bone marrow and adipose tissue regulate the macrophage (MΦ) inflammatory response by promoting the switch from an inflammatory to an anti-inflammatory phenotype. Conversely, mesenchymal progenitors from the mouse aorta (mAo) support and contribute to the MΦ response under inflammatory conditions. We used cell lines with purported opposing immune-regulatory function, a bone marrow derived mesenchymal progenitor cell line (D1) and a mouse aorta derived mesenchymal progenitor cell line (mAo)...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176354/pretreatment-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-leishmania-major-soluble-antigens-induce-anti-inflammatory-properties-in-mouse-peritoneal-macrophages
#18
Zahra Khosrowpour, Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi, Samira Mohammadi-Yeganeh, Sara Soudi
Recent studies have demonstrated the influential role of microbial stimulus in characteristics and immunomodulatory effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Due to the migration of MSCs to infection site, it is of importance to understand the interaction of microbial ligands with MSCs in order to clarify the positive or negative role of MSCs in the control of infection. In this research, we assess leishmanial soluble antigen (LSA)-primed MSCs on macrophage immune responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). For this purpose, the effects of both conditioned media (CM) and cell-cell contact of LSA primed MSCs were determined on macrophage responses to LPS...
September 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905026/native-matrix-based-human-lung-alveolar-tissue-model-in-vitro-studies-of-the-reparatory-actions-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#19
Ieva Bruzauskaite, Jovile Raudoniute, Jaroslav Denkovskij, Edvardas Bagdonas, Sandra Meidute-Abaraviciene, Vaida Simonyte, Daiva Bironaite, Almantas Siaurys, Eiva Bernotiene, Ruta Aldonyte
Studies of lung diseases in vitro often rely on flat, plastic-based monocultures, due to short lifespan of primary cells, complicated anatomy, lack of explants, etc. We hereby present a native 3D model with cues for repopulating epithelial cells. Abilities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to modulate bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cigarette smoke-induced injury to pulmonary epithelium were tested in our model. Post-mortem human lung tissue was sliced, cut and decellularized. Resulting matrix pads were reseeded with pulmonary epithelium (A549 line)...
February 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865937/lipopolysaccharide-induces-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-vitro-via-tlr4-activation
#20
Nicole Herzmann, Achim Salamon, Tomas Fiedler, Kirsten Peters
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are capable of multi-lineage differentiation and support regenerative processes. In bacterial infections, resident MSC can come intocontact with and need to react to bacterial components. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a typical structure of Gram-negative bacteria, increases the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MSC. LPS is usually recognized by the toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and induces pro-inflammatory reactions in numerous cell types. In this study, we quantified the protein expression of TLR4 and CD14 on adipose-derived MSC (adMSC) in osteogenic differentiation and investigated the effect of TLR4 activation by LPS on NF-κB activation, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of adMSC...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
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