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Suicide postvention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035144/risk-factors-for-multiple-suicide-attempts-among-roma-in-hungary
#1
Mónika Ditta Tóth, Szilvia Ádám, Tamás Zonda, Emma Birkás, György Purebl
In recent years, suicide rates in Hungary have been among the highest in the European Union. Attempted suicide rates in the Roma population are 2-3 times higher than in the non-Roma population. Since individuals making multiple attempts have a higher pro-bability of eventual death by suicide, and there are limited data on suicidal behaviour of the Roma population, the aim of this study was to explore the sociodemographic and psychological background factors of multiple suicide attempts in the Hungarian Roma population...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881015/exposure-to-suicide-in-the-family-suicide-risk-and-psychache-in-individuals-who-have-lost-a-family-member-by-suicide
#2
Rui C Campos, Ronald R Holden, Sara Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare a sample of Portuguese individuals exposed to suicide in their families with a control group, for lifetime suicidality. This study also evaluated the incremental value of psychache (i.e., extreme psychological pain) in determining suicide risk beyond the contribution associated with having lost a family member by suicide. METHOD: A total of 225 community adults participated. Two groups were defined: a group exposed to suicide (n = 53), and a control group (n = 172)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678684/introduction
#3
John R Jordan
This article provides an introduction to this special issue of Death Studies on suicide postvention. The articles in the issue are derived from a document released by the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention, titled Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines. The article provides data and a rationale for considering suicide as a serious public health issue in the USA and around the world, and the need for postvention after a suicide occurs. A brief description of each of the articles in the special issue then follows...
July 5, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604228/a-developmental-model-of-clergy-engagement-with-suicide
#4
Karen Mason, Monica Geist, Mollie Clark
Clergy have a key role in suicide prevention but report being undertrained, perhaps because a model that captures the competencies needed to engage suicide in faith communities and how these skills develop has not previously been available. Using grounded theory, this study addressed this gap by generating a developmental rubric based on interviews with 19 Protestant clergy, which were analyzed using a constant comparative method and were checked by interviewees operating at the highest level of development...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590263/why-we-need-to-enhance-suicide-postvention-evaluating-a-survey-of-psychiatrists-behaviors-after-the-suicide-of-a-patient
#5
Matthew D Erlich, Stephanie A Rolin, Lisa B Dixon, David A Adler, David W Oslin, Bruce Levine, Jeffrey L Berlant, Beth Goldman, Steve Koh, Michael B First, Chaitanya Pabbati, Samuel G Siris
Suicide prevention efforts are increasing to enhance capabilities and better understand risk factors and etiologies. Postvention, or how clinicians manage the postsuicide aftermath, strengthens suicide prevention, destigmatizes the tragedy, operationalizes the confusing aftermath, and promotes caregiver recovery. However, studies regarding its efficacy are minimal. The Psychopathology Committee of the Group for the Advancement for Psychiatry surveyed a convenience sample of psychiatrists to better understand postvention activities...
July 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557654/executive-summary-and-goals-and-objectives-of-the-u-s-national-postvention-guidelines
#6
Franklin James Cook
This preparatory article to a special issue of Death Studies on Responding to Grief, Trauma and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines reproduces the document's Executive Summary and Goals and Objectives.
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557579/postvention-is-prevention-the-case-for-suicide-postvention
#7
John R Jordan
There is now convincing empirical evidence that exposure to suicide increases the risk of subsequent suicide, as well as other negative mental health sequelae, in those who have been exposed. This article provides a review of this empirical evidence. It also concludes that this substantial evidence base makes the compelling case that all suicide prevention programs need to include postvention services as a direct form of suicide prevention with a population of people known to be at heightened risk for suicide themselves: suicide loss survivors...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557576/clinical-work-with-suicide-loss-survivors-implications-of-the-u-s-postvention-guidelines
#8
John R Jordan, Vanessa McGann
The loss of a loved one to suicide can present difficult challenges for suicide loss survivors (people bereaved by suicide) as well as for clinicians who would seek to help them. Building on the recommendations in the new document Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines, this article provides an overview of clinical work with suicide loss survivors. It includes discussions of the common themes of suicide bereavement, the psychological tasks for integration of a suicide loss, and the options for providing grief therapy after a suicide...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530495/workplace-responses-and-psychologists-needs-following-client-suicide
#9
Melissa Finlayson, Janette Simmonds
This research aimed to explore the role of workplace responses in psychologists' adaptation to client suicides. Participants were 178 psychologists who completed an online self-report questionnaire which included both open and closed questions yielding qualitative and quantitative data. Fifty-six (31.5%) participants reported one or more client suicides. Mixed results were found in terms of perceived support from the workplace following a client suicide. Psychologists reported a need for more open communication in the workplace, peer supports, space to grieve, as well as opportunities to engage in a learning process...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490324/the-experiences-of-attempt-survivor-families-and-how-they-cope-after-a-suicide-attempt-in-ghana-a-qualitative-study
#10
Winifred Asare-Doku, Joseph Osafo, Charity S Akotia
BACKGROUND: Ghana's socio-cultural landscape proscribes suicidal behaviour, and this has serious ramifications for attempt survivors and their families. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand the experiences of the families of attempt survivors and how they cope with the aftermath of the attempt. METHODS: Ten families with attempted suicides agreed to participate in the study, hence they were interviewed. The information gathered was manually analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) resulting in three major thematic areas...
May 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468555/current-postvention-research-and-priorities-for-the-future
#11
Karl Andriessen, Dolores Angela Castelli Dransart, Julie Cerel, Myfanwy Maple
BACKGROUND: Suicide can have a lasting impact on the social life as well as the physical and mental health of the bereaved. Targeted research is needed to better understand the nature of suicide bereavement and the effectiveness of support. AIMS: To take stock of ongoing studies, and to inquire about future research priorities regarding suicide bereavement and postvention. METHOD: In March 2015, an online survey was widely disseminated in the suicidology community...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320345/effect-of-telephone-follow-up-on-repeated-suicide-attempt-in-patients-discharged-from-an-emergency-psychiatry-department-a-controlled-study
#12
Sophie Exbrayat, Clotilde Coudrot, Xavier Gourdon, Aurélia Gay, Jessica Sevos, Jacques Pellet, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot, Catherine Massoubre
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem, and the efficacies of current postvention protocols vary. We evaluated the effectiveness of telephone follow-up of patients referred to an emergency psychiatric unit for attempted suicide on any further attempt/s over the following year. METHOD: In a single-center, controlled study with intent to treat, we evaluated the efficacy of a protocol of telephone follow-up of 436 patients at 8, 30, and 60 days after they were treated for attempted suicide...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150414/suicide-exposure-in-the-population-perceptions-of-impact-and-closeness
#13
Julie Cerel, Myfanwy Maple, Judy van de Venne, Melissa Brown, Melinda Moore, Chris Flaherty
Recent studies of people exposed to suicide point to a continuum of effects moderated by a perception of closeness to the deceased. We investigated the importance of perception of impact of the death on mental health outcomes of those exposed to suicide. Female sex, younger age, and multiple exposures to suicide were associated with greater risk for poorer outcomes. Suicide exposed with high impact was more likely to have depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, prolonged grief, and suicide ideation...
February 2, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786372/is-exposure-to-suicide-beyond-kin-associated-with-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#14
Myfanwy Maple, Julie Cerel, Rebecca Sanford, Tania Pearce, Jack Jordan
Suicide bereavement and postvention literature often espouses risk for subsequent suicidal behavior among those previously exposed to a suicide death. Most often risk is discussed in relation to kin; however, many more individuals are exposed to suicide, and the impact of this exposure is important to understand in relation to targeting postvention. This review examined the research literature (1990-2014) to determine the evidence base for risk among those exposed to suicide. The findings demonstrate that risk of suicidal behaviors among those exposed to the suicide is significantly higher than those unexposed...
August 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192788/-suicide-prevention-and-mental-health-measures-for-japanese-university-students
#15
Masaru Ohnishi, Shihomi Koyama, Akiko Senoo, Hiroko Kawahara, Yukito Shimizu
According to the nationwide survey of the National University students in Japan, the annual suicide rate in 2012 was 15.7 per 100,000 undergraduate students. In many universities, suicide prevention is an important issue regarding mental health measures, and each university is actively examining this. The current situation concerning measures for suicide prevention in the Japanese National Universities was investigated in 2009. In 2010, the "college student's suicide prevention measures guideline, 2010" was established based on the results of this investigation...
2016: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26950011/social-constraints-loss-related-factors-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-a-treatment-seeking-suicide-bereaved-sample
#16
Elizabeth C Groff, Josef I Ruzek, Bruce Bongar, Matthew J Cordova
OBJECTIVE: Negative social responses that inhibit disclosure in the suicide bereaved may pose an obstacle to recovery. However, such social constraints have not been evaluated in this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate extent, types, and correlates of social constraints in treatment-seeking community-based participants recently bereaved by suicide. METHOD: This cross-sectional study investigated social constraints and adjustment in a treatment-seeking sample of community-based participants (N = 33) recently bereaved by suicide; pretreatment, baseline data from a graduate school-based research clinic were analyzed...
November 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26912256/development-of-suicide-postvention-guidelines-for-secondary-schools-a-delphi-study
#17
Georgina R Cox, Eleanor Bailey, Anthony F Jorm, Nicola J Reavley, Kate Templer, Alex Parker, Debra Rickwood, Sunil Bhar, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Suicide of school-aged adolescents is a significant problem, with serious implications for students and staff alike. To date, there is a lack of evidence regarding the most effective way for a secondary school to respond to the suicide of a student, termed postvention [(Crisis 33:208-214, 2012), (Crisis 34:164-182, 2013)]. The aim of this study was to employ the expert consensus (Delphi) methodology to the development of a set of guidelines, to assist English-speaking secondary schools to develop a plan to respond to a student suicide, or to respond to a suicide in the absence of a predetermined plan...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876664/use-of-icd-9-cm-diagnosis-code-v62-89-other-psychological-or-physical-stress-not-elsewhere-classified-following-a-suicide-attempt
#18
Marek S Kopacz, Cathleen P Kane, Brady Stephens, Wilfred R Pigeon
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the demographic, diagnostic, and service characteristics of veterans who received services for "other psychological or physical stress, not elsewhere classified" (ICD-9-CM V62.89) in the month following a suicide attempt. METHODS: An electronic search of a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) suicide event reporting system identified 22,701 veterans who were survivors of a suicide attempt. Their clinical service encounter records were extracted from a VHA administrative database to identify those who received services related to V62...
July 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26332212/in-the-wake-of-suicide-developing-guidelines-for-suicide-postvention-in-fire-service
#19
Suzy Bird Gulliver, Michelle L Pennington, Frank Leto, Claire Cammarata, William Ostiguy, Cynthia Zavodny, Elisa J Flynn, Nathan A Kimbrel
This project aimed to develop a standard operating procedure (SOP) for suicide postvention in Fire Service. First, an existing SOP was refined through expert review. Next, focus groups were conducted with fire departments lacking a peer suicide postvention SOP; feedback obtained guided revisions. The current article describes the iterative process used to evaluate and revise a Suicide Postvention SOP into a Postvention guideline that is available for implementation and evaluation. Postventions assist survivors in grief and bereavement and attempt to prevent additional negative outcomes...
2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26063679/suicide-response-guidelines-for-residency-trainees-a-novel-postvention-response-for-the-care-and-teaching-of-psychiatry-residents-who-encounter-suicide-in-their-patients
#20
Paulette T Cazares, Patcho Santiago, David Moulton, Scott Moran, Albert Tsai
Suicide is an event that is almost universally encountered by psychiatrists and psychiatry residents. Because psychiatric patients are at a higher risk for completing suicide than patients of other specialties, psychiatry residents are at risk for experiencing the suicide of a patient during their training. A review of the literature shows that there is continually growing research into the negative emotional effects of patient suicides on psychiatry residents and the need for clear response protocols when a suicide occurs, also known as postvention protocols...
August 2015: Academic Psychiatry
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