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Suicide postvention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784232/the-aftermath-of-suicide-a-qualitative-study-with-guyanese-families
#1
Carla J Groh, Maureen Anthony, Jean Gash
INTRODUCTION: The suicide rate in Guyana was five times higher than the world average in 2014 (WHO) which puts Guyana at the top of the list with 44.2 per 100,000 people, the highest suicide rate in the world. For every completed suicide, there are survivors who experience high levels of psychological, physical, and social distress, and report feelings of guilt, shame, social stigma, and search for meaning. AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how family members coped and understand the suicide of their loved one, and to determine what resources were available to help them during this transition...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618271/harmful-or-helpful-a-systematic-review-of-how-those-bereaved-through-suicide-experience-research-participation
#2
Karl Andriessen, Karolina Krysinska, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Many of the bereaved through suicide are interested in participating in postvention studies. However, there is a contradiction between the positive experiences of research participation and concerns raised by ethical boards. AIMS: To review studies on the experience of research participation by those bereaved through suicide, including initial contact with the study and its short- and long-term impacts. METHOD: Systematic searches in Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, as well as Google Scholar identified 12 papers reporting on 11 studies...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597297/parents-experiences-of-suicide-bereavement-a-qualitative-study-at-6-and-12-months-after-loss
#3
Victoria Ross, Kairi Kõlves, Lisa Kunde, Diego De Leo
The death of a child by suicide is a severe trauma, placing parents at greater risk of psychological morbidity and physical health problems compared to other causes of death. However, few studies have examined the aftermath and bereavement experience for parents following the death of a child to suicide, limiting the ability to guide effective postvention services through empirical research. The current study, which was part of a larger longitudinal investigation of suicide bereavement in Queensland, Australia, examined the individual experiences of both mothers and fathers bereaved by suicide over time, specifically at the six month and 12 month time points after their loss...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557756/addressing-suicide-risk-in-partners-and-relatives-bereaved-by-suicide
#4
Alexandra Pitman
Analyses of population-based registers provide evidence to support an increased risk of suicide and mental illness after the suicide of a relative or partner. This editorial explores the implications of this work for progressing recommendations made in suicide prevention strategies regarding the specific support provided to people bereaved by suicide. Declaration of interest A.P. served on the Public Health England expert reference committee contributing to local guidance on commissioning and delivering postvention support (Public Health England, 2016...
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513022/recent-developments-in-suicide-prevention-among-the-indigenous-peoples-of-australia
#5
Pat Dudgeon, Christopher Holland
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter 'Indigenous') population health issue. Over 2015-2016, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Project (ATSISPEP) aimed to identify success factors in Indigenous suicide prevention. CONCLUSIONS: For non-Indigenous practitioners working with indigenous clients at risk of suicide, ATSISPEP identified important considerations to make treatment more effective. The start is acknowledging the differences in the historical, cultural, political, social and economic experiences of Indigenous peoples, and their greater exposure to trauma, psychological distress and risks to mental health...
April 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509702/exposure-to-suicide-in-high-schools-impact-on-serious-suicidal-ideation-behavior-depression-maladaptive-coping-strategies-and-attitudes-toward-help-seeking
#6
Madelyn S Gould, Alison M Lake, Marjorie Kleinman, Hanga Galfalvy, Saba Chowdhury, Alison Madnick
Adolescents' exposure to a peer's suicide has been found to be associated with, as well as to predict, suicidal ideation and behavior. Although postvention efforts tend to be school-based, little is known about the impact of a schoolmate's suicide on the school's student population overall. The present study seeks to determine whether there is excess psychological morbidity among students in a school where a schoolmate has died by suicide, and whether students' attitudes about coping and help-seeking strategies are more or less problematic in such schools...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473474/postvention-in-action-the-international-handbook-of-suicide-bereavement-support-karl-andriessen-karolina-krysinska-onja-t-grad-eds-2017-postvention-in-action-the-international-handbook-of-suicide-bereavement-support-boston-ma-hogrefe-publishing-isbn-print-9780889374935
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393834/suicide-postvention-for-the-united-states-military-literature-review-conceptual-model-and-recommendations
#8
Kyna Pak, Kelly E Ferreira, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
Suicide continues to be a significant public health problem in the United States and the Department of Defense (DoD). Timely and systematic postvention efforts can play an instrumental role in helping family members, peers, and military command to best manage the aftermath of a suicide. To date, several postvention efforts have been implemented in the military. However, there continues to be an overall lack of understanding of the specific short- and long-term effects of exposure to military suicide. In addition, more emphasis needs to be placed on empirically driven approaches to postvention and program evaluation...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374675/suicide-bereavement-piloting-a-longitudinal-study-in-australia
#9
Kairi Kõlves, Diego de Leo
OBJECTIVES: The pilot study were (1) to test the technical and administrative feasibility of a full-scale study, including recruitment process, response and retention rate, questionnaire design for an investigation to improve understanding of the suicide bereavement processes compared with bereavement by sudden deaths and (2) to present the differences and changes in the main outcomes-grief reactions of close relatives exposed to suicide and sudden death over 2 years. DESIGN: A longitudinal prospective study comparing bereavement by suicide to other types of sudden deaths over time (6, 12 and 24 months)...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300139/surviving-families-of-military-suicide-loss-exploring-postvention-peer-support
#10
Jill Harrington-LaMorie, John R Jordan, Kim Ruocco, Julie Cerel
The United States military began to experience a steady increase in suicide rates across all service branches at the inception of the wars in Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003). As the number of suicide deaths increased, so did the number of affected survivors who seek postvention support. Unique issues that accompany suicide death may expose survivors to a more distressing and complicated grief process. Peer support has clinically been observed to be widely utilized by suicide loss survivors. This article explores unique issues accompanying military suicide loss, potential benefits of postvention peer-based support, clinical considerations, and future directions...
March 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285983/andriessen-k-krysinska-k-grad-o-eds-2017-postvention-in-action-the-international-handbook-of-suicide-bereavement-support-andriessen-k-krysinska-k-grad-o-eds-2017-postvention-in-action-the-international-handbook-of-suicide-bereavement-support-boston-ma-hogrefe
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173021/andriessen-k-krysinska-k-grad-o-eds-2017-postvention-in-action-the-international-handbook-of-suicide-bereavement-support-andriessen-k-krysinska-k-grad-o-eds-2017-postvention-in-action-the-international-handbook-of-suicide-bereavement-support-boston-ma-hogrefe
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035144/risk-factors-for-multiple-suicide-attempts-among-roma-in-hungary
#13
Mónika Ditta Tóth, Szilvia Ádám, Tamás Zonda, Emma Birkás, György Purebl
In recent years, suicide rates in Hungary have been among the highest in the European Union. Attempted suicide rates in the Roma population are 2-3 times higher than in the non-Roma population. Since individuals making multiple attempts have a higher pro-bability of eventual death by suicide, and there are limited data on suicidal behaviour of the Roma population, the aim of this study was to explore the sociodemographic and psychological background factors of multiple suicide attempts in the Hungarian Roma population...
February 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881015/exposure-to-suicide-in-the-family-suicide-risk-and-psychache-in-individuals-who-have-lost-a-family-member-by-suicide
#14
Rui C Campos, Ronald R Holden, Sara Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare a sample of Portuguese individuals exposed to suicide in their families with a control group, for lifetime suicidality. This study also evaluated the incremental value of psychache (i.e., extreme psychological pain) in determining suicide risk beyond the contribution associated with having lost a family member by suicide. METHOD: A total of 225 community adults participated. Two groups were defined: a group exposed to suicide (n = 53), and a control group (n = 172)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678684/introduction
#15
John R Jordan
This article provides an introduction to this special issue of Death Studies on suicide postvention. The articles in the issue are derived from a document released by the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention, titled Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines. The article provides data and a rationale for considering suicide as a serious public health issue in the USA and around the world, and the need for postvention after a suicide occurs. A brief description of each of the articles in the special issue then follows...
November 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604228/a-developmental-model-of-clergy-engagement-with-suicide
#16
Karen Mason, Monica Geist, Mollie Clark
Clergy have a key role in suicide prevention but report being undertrained, perhaps because a model that captures the competencies needed to engage suicide in faith communities and how these skills develop has not previously been available. Using grounded theory, this study addressed this gap by generating a developmental rubric based on interviews with 19 Protestant clergy, which were analyzed using a constant comparative method and were checked by interviewees operating at the highest level of development...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590263/why-we-need-to-enhance-suicide-postvention-evaluating-a-survey-of-psychiatrists-behaviors-after-the-suicide-of-a-patient
#17
Matthew D Erlich, Stephanie A Rolin, Lisa B Dixon, David A Adler, David W Oslin, Bruce Levine, Jeffrey L Berlant, Beth Goldman, Steve Koh, Michael B First, Chaitanya Pabbati, Samuel G Siris
Suicide prevention efforts are increasing to enhance capabilities and better understand risk factors and etiologies. Postvention, or how clinicians manage the postsuicide aftermath, strengthens suicide prevention, destigmatizes the tragedy, operationalizes the confusing aftermath, and promotes caregiver recovery. However, studies regarding its efficacy are minimal. The Psychopathology Committee of the Group for the Advancement for Psychiatry surveyed a convenience sample of psychiatrists to better understand postvention activities...
July 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557654/executive-summary-and-goals-and-objectives-of-the-u-s-national-postvention-guidelines
#18
Franklin James Cook
This preparatory article to a special issue of Death Studies on Responding to Grief, Trauma and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines reproduces the document's Executive Summary and Goals and Objectives.
November 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557579/postvention-is-prevention-the-case-for-suicide-postvention
#19
John R Jordan
There is now convincing empirical evidence that exposure to suicide increases the risk of subsequent suicide, as well as other negative mental health sequelae, in those who have been exposed. This article provides a review of this empirical evidence. It also concludes that this substantial evidence base makes the compelling case that all suicide prevention programs need to include postvention services as a direct form of suicide prevention with a population of people known to be at heightened risk for suicide themselves: suicide loss survivors...
November 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557576/clinical-work-with-suicide-loss-survivors-implications-of-the-u-s-postvention-guidelines
#20
John R Jordan, Vanessa McGann
The loss of a loved one to suicide can present difficult challenges for suicide loss survivors (people bereaved by suicide) as well as for clinicians who would seek to help them. Building on the recommendations in the new document Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines, this article provides an overview of clinical work with suicide loss survivors. It includes discussions of the common themes of suicide bereavement, the psychological tasks for integration of a suicide loss, and the options for providing grief therapy after a suicide...
November 2017: Death Studies
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