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Suicide postvention

Sophie Exbrayat, Clotilde Coudrot, Xavier Gourdon, Aurélia Gay, Jessica Sevos, Jacques Pellet, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot, Catherine Massoubre
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem, and the efficacies of current postvention protocols vary. We evaluated the effectiveness of telephone follow-up of patients referred to an emergency psychiatric unit for attempted suicide on any further attempt/s over the following year. METHOD: In a single-center, controlled study with intent to treat, we evaluated the efficacy of a protocol of telephone follow-up of 436 patients at 8, 30, and 60 days after they were treated for attempted suicide...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Julie Cerel, Myfanwy Maple, Judy van de Venne, Melissa Brown, Melinda Moore, Chris Flaherty
Recent studies of people exposed to suicide point to a continuum of effects moderated by a perception of closeness to the deceased. We investigated the importance of perception of impact of the death on mental health outcomes of those exposed to suicide. Female sex, younger age, and multiple exposures to suicide were associated with greater risk for poorer outcomes. Suicide exposed with high impact was more likely to have depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, prolonged grief, and suicide ideation...
February 2, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Myfanwy Maple, Julie Cerel, Rebecca Sanford, Tania Pearce, Jack Jordan
Suicide bereavement and postvention literature often espouses risk for subsequent suicidal behavior among those previously exposed to a suicide death. Most often risk is discussed in relation to kin; however, many more individuals are exposed to suicide, and the impact of this exposure is important to understand in relation to targeting postvention. This review examined the research literature (1990-2014) to determine the evidence base for risk among those exposed to suicide. The findings demonstrate that risk of suicidal behaviors among those exposed to the suicide is significantly higher than those unexposed...
October 27, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Masaru Ohnishi, Shihomi Koyama, Akiko Senoo, Hiroko Kawahara, Yukito Shimizu
According to the nationwide survey of the National University students in Japan, the annual suicide rate in 2012 was 15.7 per 100,000 undergraduate students. In many universities, suicide prevention is an important issue regarding mental health measures, and each university is actively examining this. The current situation concerning measures for suicide prevention in the Japanese National Universities was investigated in 2009. In 2010, the "college student's suicide prevention measures guideline, 2010" was established based on the results of this investigation...
2016: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
Elizabeth C Groff, Josef I Ruzek, Bruce Bongar, Matthew J Cordova
OBJECTIVE: Negative social responses that inhibit disclosure in the suicide bereaved may pose an obstacle to recovery. However, such social constraints have not been evaluated in this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate extent, types, and correlates of social constraints in treatment-seeking community-based participants recently bereaved by suicide. METHOD: This cross-sectional study investigated social constraints and adjustment in a treatment-seeking sample of community-based participants (N = 33) recently bereaved by suicide; pretreatment, baseline data from a graduate school-based research clinic were analyzed...
March 7, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Georgina R Cox, Eleanor Bailey, Anthony F Jorm, Nicola J Reavley, Kate Templer, Alex Parker, Debra Rickwood, Sunil Bhar, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Suicide of school-aged adolescents is a significant problem, with serious implications for students and staff alike. To date, there is a lack of evidence regarding the most effective way for a secondary school to respond to the suicide of a student, termed postvention [(Crisis 33:208-214, 2012), (Crisis 34:164-182, 2013)]. The aim of this study was to employ the expert consensus (Delphi) methodology to the development of a set of guidelines, to assist English-speaking secondary schools to develop a plan to respond to a student suicide, or to respond to a suicide in the absence of a predetermined plan...
2016: BMC Public Health
Marek S Kopacz, Cathleen P Kane, Brady Stephens, Wilfred R Pigeon
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the demographic, diagnostic, and service characteristics of veterans who received services for "other psychological or physical stress, not elsewhere classified" (ICD-9-CM V62.89) in the month following a suicide attempt. METHODS: An electronic search of a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) suicide event reporting system identified 22,701 veterans who were survivors of a suicide attempt. Their clinical service encounter records were extracted from a VHA administrative database to identify those who received services related to V62...
July 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Suzy Bird Gulliver, Michelle L Pennington, Frank Leto, Claire Cammarata, William Ostiguy, Cynthia Zavodny, Elisa J Flynn, Nathan A Kimbrel
This project aimed to develop a standard operating procedure (SOP) for suicide postvention in Fire Service. First, an existing SOP was refined through expert review. Next, focus groups were conducted with fire departments lacking a peer suicide postvention SOP; feedback obtained guided revisions. The current article describes the iterative process used to evaluate and revise a Suicide Postvention SOP into a Postvention guideline that is available for implementation and evaluation. Postventions assist survivors in grief and bereavement and attempt to prevent additional negative outcomes...
2016: Death Studies
Paulette T Cazares, Patcho Santiago, David Moulton, Scott Moran, Albert Tsai
Suicide is an event that is almost universally encountered by psychiatrists and psychiatry residents. Because psychiatric patients are at a higher risk for completing suicide than patients of other specialties, psychiatry residents are at risk for experiencing the suicide of a patient during their training. A review of the literature shows that there is continually growing research into the negative emotional effects of patient suicides on psychiatry residents and the need for clear response protocols when a suicide occurs, also known as postvention protocols...
August 2015: Academic Psychiatry
Kath Peters, Alan Staines, Colleen Cunningham, Lucie Ramjan
The Lifekeeper Memory Quilt Project, implemented by the Salvation Army (Suicide Prevention-Bereavement Support Services) in Australia in 2008, aimed to provide support for those bereaved by suicide and to create greater public awareness of suicide. To evaluate participants' satisfaction with this project, 82 bereaved individuals completed surveys and 30 completed an interview. Results indicated that the Quilt was helpful in assisting participants in their bereavement. The Quilt project gave participants an opportunity to reflect on the life of their loved one and provided a space for them to grieve without fear of negative social reactions...
2015: Death Studies
Shashank V Joshi, Samantha N Hartley, Moira Kessler, Maura Barstead
Suicide is a leading cause of preventable death in youth, and numerous curricula and other prevention and intervention programs have been developed in the last 15 years. Comprehensive suicide prevention planning should include the 4 components of health promotion, prevention/education, intervention, and postvention. School-based suicide prevention and mental health education programs have become more common as an efficient and cost-effective way to reach youth. Process considerations that are based on the principles of therapeutic engagement with patients and families can provide mental health professionals with strategies that can assist education professionals, students, and the larger school community simultaneously...
April 2015: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Daniela V Martínez
This article is the product of the research work done on "Deliberate self-harm -DSH-: a constraint way to open to the world?" in which this Deliberate Self Harm was explored as from the phenomenological psychopathology and the suicidology theoretical approach, such research being done on the subjective and reflective narrations of people undergoing such problems, coming from different sources. Some discourse patterns are exposed that may be considered of great usefulness for the identification, the treatment -or postvention-, as well as for the prevention of the problem at issue...
May 2014: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Erin F Ward-Ciesielski, Madeline D Wielgus, Connor B Jones
Background: Suicide-bereaved individuals represent an important group impacted by suicide. Understanding their experiences following the suicide of a loved one is an important research domain, despite receiving limited attention. Although suicide-bereaved individuals may benefit from mental health treatment, their attitudes toward therapy and therapists are poorly understood. Aims: The present study aimed to understand the extent to which bereaved individuals' attitudes toward therapy and therapists are impacted by whether their loved one was in therapy at the time of death...
December 2, 2014: Crisis
Olga Oulanova, Roy Moodley, Monique Séguin
This study sought to explore the phenomenon of peer counseling in suicide bereavement by addressing the question, what are the lived experiences of suicide survivors who become peer counselors? Participants were 15 individuals bereaved through suicide who had been volunteering with others bereaved in the same manner. This research employed the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) approach to provide a detailed description of participants' journeys that went from experiencing the suicide of a loved one, to the decision to become a peer counselor, to, finally, providing support to other survivors...
2014: Omega
Karl Andriessen
BACKGROUND: Since the seminal publications of Shneidman (1969) and Cain (1972), suicide bereavement and postvention have attracted increasing research interest. AIMS: To examine the topics of suicide bereavement and postvention in the core international suicidology journals, since their inception until mid-2013, in order to reveal the number of postvention articles throughout the years, their geographic distribution, and the topics of suicide bereavement and postvention that have been published...
2014: Crisis
Rebecca A Bernert, Melanie A Hom, Laura Weiss Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The current paper aims to: (1) examine clinical practice guidelines in suicide prevention across fields, organizations, and clinical specialties and (2) inform emerging standards in clinical practice, research, and training. METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic literature review to identify clinical practice guidelines and resource documents in suicide prevention and risk management. The authors used PubMed, Google Scholar, and Google Search, and keywords included: clinical practice guideline, practice guideline, practice parameters, suicide, suicidality, suicidal behaviors, assessment, and management...
October 2014: Academic Psychiatry
Mara Pheister, Gina Kangas, Caitlin Thompson, Jon Lehrmann, Bertrand Berger, Janet Kemp
Suicide risk assessment and coping with the loss of a patient through suicide are two of the more challenging aspects of psychiatry residency. Over the last decade, the Department of Veterans Affairs has focused on a significant effort into the development of a comprehensive suicide prevention. This article aims to describe the initiatives and resources in place at the VHA to help address the issue of suicidal behavior in veterans and how residency programs can use this to enhance teaching of suicide prevention and postvention...
October 2014: Academic Psychiatry
Terry Lynn Gall, Jesse Henneberry, Melissa Eyre
To qualitatively explore the needs of suicidally bereaved individuals, researchers interviewed 11 suicide bereaved individuals and 4 mental health workers. Common themes of bereaved persons included the suicide grief experience, coping, interpersonal domain, struggle with meaning, self-reflection, and moving forward. Mental health workers emphasized the nature of the helping relationship, the need to emotionally process the grief, the centrality of meaning making, importance of support groups, and the role of individual counseling...
July 2014: Death Studies
Jane Langille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Canadian Nurse
Regina T P Aguirre, Holli Slater
The authors asserted the need for increased postvention efforts for suicide survivors, individuals left behind to grieve the loss of a loved one by suicide, because they have an increased risk for suicide. Indeed, Shneidman (1972) asserted that suicide postvention efforts serve the dual purpose of assisting survivors through the grief process and preventing suicide for future generations. First, the authors briefly discussed the increased risk for suicide among survivors. Second, the authors overviewed the potential benefits of postvention programs and current strategies for suicide postvention in the United States...
July 2010: Death Studies
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