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Suicide prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213305/risk-of-suicide-according-to-the-level-of-psychiatric-contact-in-the-older-people-analysis-of-national-health-insurance-databases-in-taiwan
#1
Shin-Ting Yeh, Yee-Yung Ng, Shiao-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: Suicide in the older people is a serious problem worldwide; however the effect of psychiatric contact on the risk of suicide has not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychiatric contact and suicide in the older people in Taiwan. METHODS: A population-based database was used in this national case-control study. Propensity score matching was used to match older people who did and did not commit suicide from 2010 to 2012 by calendar year, gender, age, and area of residence...
February 1, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213187/suicide-attempters-with-high-and-low-suicide-intent-different-populations-in-rural-china
#2
Bao-Peng Liu, Xin-Ting Wang, Cun-Xian Jia
This paired case-control study aimed to compare characteristics between suicide attempters with high and low suicide intent in rural China. We evaluated 409 suicide attempters and their paired controls who were matched with the same gender, age (a difference of no more than 3 years), and similar residence. Compared to paired control, suicide attempt with high and low suicide intent shared the 3 common risk factors of negative life event, high depression score, and low social support score. In addition, mental disorder was an independent risk factor of suicide attempt with high intent...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212579/suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-cancer-inpatients-of-general-hospitals-prevalence-and-correlates
#3
Bao-Liang Zhong, Si-Heng Li, Shu-Yan Lv, Shun-Li Tian, Zhi-Dong Liu, Xu-Bin Li, Hong-Qing Zhuang, Ran Tao, Wei Zhang, Chuan-Jun Zhuo
Cancer patients are at high risk for suicide, particularly when they are informed about the cancer diagnosis or hospitalized for cancer treatment. Therefore, oncology healthcare settings such as large general hospitals in China, may represent an ideal setting to identify and treat suicidality in cancer patients. However, the clinical epidemiology of suicidality of Chinese cancer patients remains largely unknown. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Chinese cancer inpatients of large general hospitals...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212474/-zinc-phosphide-poisoning-in-pediatric-patients-from-a-toxicology-center-at-mexico-city
#4
María Carmen Socorro Sánchez-Villegas, Alejandro Bárcena-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Zinc phosphide is a chemical compound that is frequently used as a rodenticide; it is a highly toxic product that is widely used, among other spaces, at home. Given that it is a highly commercialized pesticide and that there is no antidote, it is mandatory to establish favorably the clinical manifestations of the intoxication. The aim was to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of children intoxicated with zinc phosphide attended in a toxicological center of a tertiary referral hospital...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#5
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#6
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207333/handgun-legislation-and-changes-in-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#7
Michael D Anestis, Joye C Anestis, Sarah E Butterworth
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which 4 laws regulating handgun ownership were associated with statewide suicide rate changes. METHODS: To test between-group differences in statewide suicide rate changes between 2013 and 2014 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia with and without specific laws, we ran analyses of covariance. RESULTS: We found significant differences in suicide rate changes from 2013 to 2014 in states with mandatory waiting periods and universal background checks relative to states without such laws...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206783/initial-validation-of-the-self-directed-violence-picture-system-sdvps
#8
Sarra Nazem, Jeri E Forster, Lisa A Brenner
A better understanding of factors that differentiate those who only experience suicidal ideation from those who engage in self-directed violence (SDV) is critical for suicide prevention efforts (Klonsky & May, 2014; May & Klonsky, 2016). To identify who is at greatest risk for death by suicide, it is imperative that new innovative assessment tools be created to facilitate behavioral measurement of key constructs associated with increased risk for SDV. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a set of suicide-specific images, called the Self-Directed Violence Picture System (SDVPS), to help meet this need...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
: Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201930/electroencephalographic-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-the-theta-band
#10
Sang Min Lee, Kuk-In Jang, Jeong-Ho Chae
Previous studies have indicated that the abnormalities of brain activity are associated with suicidal behavior. However, few studies have explored neurophysiologic biomarkers of suicidal ideation (SI) in healthy subjects. Here, we studied alterations of theta quantitative EEG (QEEG) in frontal regions associated with SI in young healthy subjects. Resting QEEG data were recorded from 90 young healthy subjects. The subjects were divided into two group based on Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI) scores: a high SSI group (n = 33) and a low SSI group (n = 57)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199915/rumination-s-effect-on-suicide-ideation-through-grit-and-gratitude-a-path-analysis-study
#11
Evan J White, Morganne A Kraines, Raymond P Tucker, LaRicka R Wingate, Tony T Wells, DeMond M Grant
The current study documents the relationship between suicide ideation, grit and gratitude, and rumination subtypes of brooding and reflection. The relationship between rumination and suicide ideation has been well documented and previous research has demonstrated that grit and gratitude are protective factors against suicide. We hypothesized that both subtypes of rumination would have an indirect effect on suicide ideation through levels of grit and gratitude. Results of a conditional indirect effects path analysis indicated that brooding was indirectly related to suicide ideation through gratitude...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198390/hiv-cause-specific-deaths-mortality-risk-factors-and-the-combined-influence-of-haart-and-late-diagnosis-in-zhejiang-china-2006-2013
#12
Lin Chen, Xiaohong Pan, Qiaoqin Ma, Jiezhe Yang, Yun Xu, Jinlei Zheng, Hui Wang, Xin Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Jun Jiang, Lin He, Jianmin Jiang
To examine patterns of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cause-specific deaths, risk factors, and the effect of interactions on mortality, we conducted a retrospective cohort study in Zhejiang, China, from 2006 to 2013. All data were downloaded from the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) Prevention and Control Information System. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess predictors of cause-specific death. The relative excess risk due to interaction and ratio of hazard ratios (RHR) were calculated for correlations between HAART, late diagnosis, and age...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197004/a-10-year-retrospective-study-of-suicide-in-sikkim-india-sociodemographic-profile-and-risk-assessment
#13
Reshma Chettri, Jiwan Gurung, Bisu Singh
OBJECTIVE: The present study had been undertaken to investigate the sociodemographic profile of individuals who had committed suicide in Sikkim which may throw light on the vulnerable groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten-year suicide data (2006-2015) obtained from Police Headquarters, Crime Branch, Gangtok, have been statistically evaluated to study the sociodemographic profile. RESULTS: The results showed that out of 1604 suicide cases recorded for the past 10 years, 1051 were males (65...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196458/service-use-in-the-month-and-year-prior-to-suicide-among-adults-enrolled-in-ohio-medicaid
#14
Cynthia A Fontanella, Lynn A Warner, Danielle L Hiance-Steelesmith, Helen Anne Sweeney, Jeffrey A Bridge, Richard McKeon, John V Campo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to inform suicide prevention efforts by estimating the incidence of suicide among adult Medicaid enrollees and describing clinical profiles and service utilization patterns among decedents. METHODS: Death certificate data for adults (N=1,338) ages 19 to 65 who died by suicide between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2013, were linked with Ohio Medicaid data. RESULTS: The suicide rate was 18.9 deaths per 100,000 Ohio Medicaid enrollees...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193313/community-based-screening-intervention-for-depression-affects-suicide-rates-among-middle-aged-japanese-adults
#15
H Oyama, T Sakashita
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that screening interventions may be effective for suicide prevention. Few studies, however, have reported their effects on outcome measures, including death by suicide among middle-aged adults. METHOD: We used a quasi-experimental parallel cluster design with matched community-based intervention and control municipalities (total eligible population: 90 000) in Japan. At-risk residents within the intervention area were invited for universal depression screening and subsequent care/support...
February 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192455/suicide-risk-in-a-representative-sample-of-people-receiving-hiv-care-time-to-target-most-at-risk-populations-anrs-vespa2-french-national-survey
#16
Maria Patrizia Carrieri, Fabienne Marcellin, Lisa Fressard, Marie Préau, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Marie Suzan-Monti, Valérie Guagliardo, Marion Mora, Perrine Roux, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
BACKGROUND: Suicide risk is high among people living with HIV (PLHIV). This study aimed to identify major correlates of suicide risk in a representative sample of PLHIV in France, in order to help target individuals who would benefit from suicide risk screening and psychiatric care. METHODS: The ANRS VESPA2 cross-sectional survey (April 2011-January 2012) collected socio-demographic, medical and behavioral data from 3,022 PLHIV recruited in 73 French HIV hospital departments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191782/preventing-pluripotent-cell-teratoma-in-regenerative-medicine-applied-to-hematology-disorders
#17
Aurelie Bedel, François Beliveau, Isabelle Lamrissi-Garcia, Benoit Rousseau, Isabelle Moranvillier, Benoit Rucheton, Veronique Guyonnet-Dupérat, Bruno Cardinaud, Hubert de Verneuil, François Moreau-Gaudry, Sandrine Dabernat
Iatrogenic tumorigenesis is a major limitation for the use of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) in hematology. The teratoma risk comes from the persistence of hiPSCs in differentiated cell populations. Our goal was to evaluate the best system to purge residual hiPSCs before graft without compromising hematopoietic repopulation capability. Teratoma risk after systemic injection of hiPSCs expressing the reporter gene luciferase was assessed for the first time. Teratoma formation in immune-deficient mice was tracked by in vivo bioimaging...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189075/increased-risk-of-suicide-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-linkage-to-chromosome-13q
#18
P J Malherbe, M Karayiorgou, R Ehlers, J L Roos
We link schizophrenia in families from the genetically isolated South African Afrikaner population to chromosome 13q (n =51), 1p (n =23) and combined 13q & 1p (n =18). Patients with linkages to chromosome 13q were 4.16 times more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for schizoaffective disorder compared to patients with linkage to 1p. A third of patients with linkage to both 13q &1p met diagnostic criteria for SAD. There was a significant positive relationship between suicidality and a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder...
February 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188120/suicide-rate-in-relation-to-the-human-development-index-and-other-health-related-factors-a-global-ecological-study-from-91-countries
#19
Salman Khazaei, Vajihe Armanmehr, Shahrzad Nematollahi, Shahab Rezaeian, Somayeh Khazaei
There has been no worldwide ecological study on suicide as a global major public health problem. This study aimed to identify the variations in suicide specific rates using the Human Development Index (HDI) and some health related variables among countries around the world. In this ecological study, we obtained the data from the World Bank Report 2013. The analysis was restricted to 91 countries for which both the epidemiologic data from the suicide rates and HDI were available. Overall, the global prevalence of suicide rate was 10...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185683/suicidal-behaviours-in-male-and-female-users-of-illicit-drugs-recruited-in-drug-treatment-facilities
#20
Elisabet Arribas-Ibar, Josep Maria Suelves, Albert Sanchez-Niubò, Antònia Domingo-Salvany, M T Brugal
OBJECTIVE: We assessed prevalence of suicidal ideation and plans among illicit drug users and their association with contextual factors, by gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. In a sample of 511 illicit drug users recruited during spring 2012 in drug treatment and prevention facilities in Catalonia (Spain), the prevalence of suicidal ideation/plans in the last 12 months was assessed. Poisson regression was used to examine associations between suicidal ideation/plans and various factors (socio-demographic, psychological, illegal drug market activities and marginal income generation activities, which included any reported sex work, stealing, peddling, begging or borrowing on credit from a dealer)...
February 6, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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