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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938218/late-life-suicide-prevention-strategies-current-status-and-future-directions
#1
REVIEW
Kim Van Orden, Charlene Deming
Late life suicide prevention differs from suicide prevention for other age groups: first, the number of older adults worldwide is on the rise; second, late-life suicide receives much less attention in all societal spheres, from the media, to federal funding agencies, to healthcare initiatives. Recent findings indicate an association between internalized ageist stereotypes and reduced will to live. Recent research also addresses the role of cognitive control as a contributor to risk and as an intervention target (e...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936927/-you-ve-gotta-be-that-tough-crust-exterior-man-depression-and-suicide-in-rural-based-men
#2
Genevieve Creighton, John Oliffe, John Ogrodniczuk, Blye Frank
Suicide rates in Canada are highest among rural men. Drawing on photovoice interviews with 13 women and two men living in a small rural Canadian town who lost a man to suicide, we inductively derived three themes to describe how contextual factors influence rural men's experiences of depression and responses to suicidal thoughts: (a) hiding depression and its cause, (b) manly self-medicating, and (c) mobilizing prevention. Further discussed is how gender relations and ideals of masculinity within rural milieu can inhibit men's acknowledgment of and help seeking for mental illness issues...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935385/digital-self-harm-among-adolescents
#3
Justin W Patchin, Sameer Hinduja
PURPOSE: Despite increased media and scholarly attention to digital forms of aggression directed toward adolescents by their peers (e.g., cyberbullying), very little research has explored digital aggression directed toward oneself. "Digital self-harm" is the anonymous online posting, sending, or otherwise sharing of hurtful content about oneself. The current study examined the extent of digital self-harm among adolescents. METHODS: Survey data were obtained in 2016 from a nationally representative sample of 5,593 American middle and high school students (12-17 years old)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934635/community-social-support-as-a-protective-factor-against-suicide-a-gender-specific-ecological-study-of-75-regions-of-23-european-countries
#4
Nuša Zadravec Šedivy, Tina Podlogar, David C R Kerr, Diego De Leo
By studying differences in suicide rates among different geographical regions one may identify factors connected to suicidal behaviour on a regional level. Many studies have focused on risk factors, whereas less is known about protective factors, such as social support. Using suicide rates and data from the European Social Survey (ESS) we explore the association between regional level social support indicator and suicide rates in 23 European countries in 2012. Linear multiple regression analyses using region as the unit of analysis revealed inverse relationships between mean respondent valuing of social support and suicide rates for both genders, with some indication of a stronger relationship among men...
September 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933926/law-enforcement-and-gun-retailers-as-partners-for-safely-storing-guns-to-prevent-suicide-a-study-in-8-mountain-west-states
#5
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sara Brandspigel, Marian Betz, Gregory Tung, Douglas Novins, Robert Agans
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and gun retailers are willing to offer voluntary, temporary storage as a part of an overall suicide prevention effort. METHODS: We invited all LEAs and gun retailers in 8 US states to respond to questionnaires asking about their willingness to offer temporary gun storage and their recommendations to gun owners about safe storage. RESULTS: We collected data in 2016 from 448 LEAs and 95 retailers (response rates of 53% and 25%, respectively)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933251/population-metrics-for-suicide-events-a-causal-inference-approach
#6
Hua He, Naiji Lu, Brady Stephens, Yinglin Xia, Robert M Bossarte, Cathleen P Kane, Wan Tang, Xin M Tu
Large-scale public health prevention initiatives and interventions are a very important component to current public health strategies. But evaluating effects of such large-scale prevention/intervention faces a lot of challenges due to confounding effects and heterogeneity of study population. In this paper, we will develop metrics to assess the risk for suicide events based on causal inference framework when the study population is heterogeneous. The proposed metrics deal with the confounding effect by first estimating the risk of suicide events within each of the risk levels, number of prior attempts, and then taking a weighted sum of the conditional probabilities...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923719/suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-in-institutions-of-higher-learning-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Joel Bernanke, Hanga C Galfalvy, Maggie G Mortali, Laura A Hoffman, Christine Moutier, Charles B Nemeroff, Barbara H Stanley, Paula Clayton, Jill Harkavy-Friedman, Maria A Oquendo
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among undergraduate students, with an annual rate of 7.5 per 100,000. Suicidal behavior (SB) is complex and heterogeneous, which might be explained by there being multiple etiologies of SB. Data-driven identification of distinct at-risk subgroups among undergraduates would bolster this argument. We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) on survey data from a large convenience sample of undergraduates to identify subgroups, and validated the resulting latent class model on a sample of graduate students...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922729/lithium-induced-oxidative-damage-and-inflammation-in-the-rat-s-heart-protective-effect-of-grape-seed-and-skin-extract
#8
Ali Mezni, Hanène Aoua, Olfa Khazri, Ferid Limam, Ezzeddine Aouani
Lithium (Li) is a relevant mood stabilizer metal for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD), as it protects from both depression and mania and reduces the risk of suicide. However, Lihas some clinical concerns as a narrow therapeutic index requiring routine monitoring of the serum level. The present study was designed to analyze the cardio-toxic side effect of Li and the ability of grape seed and skin extract (GSSE) to protect the heart against such toxicity. After 30days of exposure to Li (0, 2, 5 and 100mg/kg bw) and prevention with GSSE (4000mg/kg bw), rats were killed by decapitation and their heart processed for Li-induced oxidative stress...
September 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922657/methods-employed-in-cytofluorometric-assessment-of-eryptosis-the-suicidal-erythrocyte-death
#9
Mohamed Jemaà, Myriam Fezai, Rosi Bissinger, Florian Lang
Suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis contributes to or even accounts for anemia in a wide variety of clinical conditions, such as iron deficiency, dehydration, hyperphosphatemia, vitamin D excess, chronic kidney disease (CKD), hemolytic-uremic syndrome, diabetes, hepatic failure, malignancy, arteriitis, sepsis, fever, malaria, sickle-cell disease, beta-thalassemia, Hb-C and G6PD-deficiency, Wilsons disease, as well as advanced age. Moreover, eryptosis is triggered by a myriad of xenobiotics and endogenous substances including cytotoxic drugs and uremic toxins...
September 1, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921761/risk-factors-leading-to-increased-rehospitalization-rates-among-adolescents-admitted-to-an-acute-care-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-hospital
#10
Logan McCarthy, Lisa M Pullen, Jennifer Savage, Jonathan Cayce
PROBLEM: Suicide is the third leading cause of death in adolescents in the United States, with suicidal behavior peaking in adolescence. Suicidal and self-harming behavior is often chronic, with an estimated 15-30% of adolescents who attempt suicide having a second suicide attempt within a year. The focus of acute psychiatric hospitalization is on stabilization of these psychiatric symptoms resulting at times in premature discharge. Finding from studies based on high rehospitalization rates among adolescents admitted to an acute psychiatric hospital indicates that adolescents continue to experience crisis upon discharge from an acute psychiatric hospital, leading to the question of whether or not these adolescents are being discharged prematurely...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#11
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917505/association-of-self-reported-discrimination-and-suicide-ideation-in-older-chinese-americans
#12
Lydia W Li, Gilbert C Gee, XinQi Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study examines racial discrimination as a potential novel risk factor for suicide ideation among older Chinese Americans. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional analysis, this study drew on data collected in the Population-based Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago on Chinese older adults age 60 + in the Greater Chicago area (N = 3,157). Thirty-day suicide ideation was a dichotomous variable, derived from items of the Physical Health Questionnaire and the Geriatric Mental State Examination-Version A...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916013/the-emergency-department-challenges-and-opportunities-for-suicide-prevention
#13
REVIEW
Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow, Kalina Babeva, Elizabeth Horstmann
Emergency departments (EDs) can offer life-saving suicide prevention care. This article focuses on the ED and emergency services as service delivery sites for suicide prevention. Characteristics of EDs, models of emergency care, ED screening and brief intervention models, and practice guidelines and parameters are reviewed. A care process model for youths at risk for suicide and self-harm is presented, with guidance for clinicians based on the scientific evidence. Strengthening emergency infrastructure and integrating effective suicide prevention strategies derived from scientific research are critical for advancing suicide prevention objectives...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914692/increasing-suicide-risk-among-cancer-patients-in-lithuania-from-1993-to-2012-a-cancer-registry-based-study
#14
Auguste Kaceniene, Agne Krilaviciute, Jurgita Kazlauskiene, Giedre Bulotiene, Giedre Smailyte
Certain groups of individuals seem to have an increased risk of committing suicide, and a number of studies have reported an increased risk of suicide among cancer patients. In this study, we aim to estimate the risk of suicide among cancer patients in Lithuania over the period 1993-2012. The records of patients diagnosed with primary cancer were extracted from the population-based Lithuanian Cancer Registry and 273 511 cases of first cancer were included in the analysis. Sex, age and calendar period-standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated by dividing the observed numbers of suicides among cancer patients by the expected number using national rates...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914094/quality-assessment-of-economic-evaluations-of-suicide-and-self-harm-interventions
#15
Lizell Bustamante Madsen, Michael Eddleston, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Flemming Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Death following self-harm constitutes a major global public health challenge and there is an urgent need for governments to implement cost-effective, national suicide prevention strategies. AIM: To conduct a systematic review and quality appraisal of the economic evaluations of interventions aimed at preventing suicidal behavior. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in several literature databases to identify relevant articles published from 2003 to 2016...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914093/problematizing-men-s-suicide-mental-health-and-well-being
#16
Philippe Roy, Gilles Tremblay, Émilie Duplessis-Brochu
BACKGROUND: The Province of Quebec, Canada (PQ), witnessed a drastic rise in suicide among adult men between 1990 and 2000, followed by a continuous drop since then. At the end of the 1990s, men's suicide became recognized as a social issue, leading to implementation of gender-responsive strategies focusing on positive aspects of masculinity. Many of these strategies received positive assessments. AIMS: This article offers a critical overview of the evolution of social responses to men's suicide in PQ...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905632/a-caution-for-suicide-prevention-focused-on-help-seeking-in-young-people
#17
Coralie J Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903312/gnp-gapdh1-22-nanovaccines-prevent-neonatal-listeriosis-by-blocking-microglial-apoptosis-and-bacterial-dissemination
#18
Ricardo Calderon-Gonzalez, Elisabet Frande-Cabanes, Hector Teran-Navarro, José María Marimon, Javier Freire, David Salcines-Cuevas, M Carmen Fariñas, Claudia Onzalez-Rico, Marco Marradi, Isabel Garcia, Mirian Alkorta-Gurrutxaga, Aida San Nicolas-Gomez, Ana Castañeda-Sampedro, Sonsoles Yañez-Diaz, Soledad Penades, Carmen Punzon, Javier Gomez-Roman, Fernando Rivera, Manuel Fresno, Carmen Alvarez-Dominguez
Clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis are associated with brain disease and fetal loss due to complications in early or late pregnancy, which suggests that microglial function is altered. This is believed to be the first study to link microglial apoptosis with neonatal listeriosis and listeriosis-associated brain disease, and to propose a new nanovaccine formulation that reverses all effects of listeriosis and confers Listeria monocytogenes (LM)-specific immunity. We examined clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis in 2013-2015 and defined two useful prognostic immune biomarkers to design listeriosis vaccines: high anti-GAPDH1-22 titres and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)/interleukin (IL)-6 ratios...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#19
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899223/triggers-for-attempted-suicide-in-istanbul-youth-with-special-reference-to-their-socio-demographic-background
#20
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Nestor D Kapusta, Dietmar Winkler, Oswald D Kothgassner, Christian Popow, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior of young people is a topic of utmost importance because suicide is irreversible, and should be prevented. Knowing about the psychosocial background and the triggering events could help in preventing suicidal behavior. We therefore aimed at identifying psychosocial factors that may trigger suicidal behavior in youth. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the standardized records of 2232 youths aged ≤25 years, who were treated after a suicide attempt at emergency units of public hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey during a period of 1 year...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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