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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638421/item-selection-and-content-validity-of-the-risk-factors-of-post-intubation-tracheal-stenosis-observation-questionnaire-for-icu-admitted-patients
#1
Roya Farzanegan, Behrooz Farzanegan, Maryam Alehashem, Mahdi Zangi, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Kambiz Sheikhy, Habib Emami, Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr
BACKGROUND: Laryngotracheal stenosis as a late complication of prolonged endotracheal intubation is a life-threatening event. In order to determine the related risk factors for this complication, which may vary among different countries, designing a valid questionnaire is necessary. The aim of this study was to select the items and evaluate the face and content validities of a questionnaire developed for assessment of risk factors of post-intubation tracheal stenosis (PITS) in patients admitted in the intensive care unit...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635188/the-financial-and-quality-of-life-cost-to-patients-living-with-a-chronic-wound-in-the-community
#2
Suzanne Kapp, Nick Santamaria
Chronic wounds are associated with financial and personal costs. The system level expense associated with chronic wounds has been established, however, the out-of-pocket cost incurred by individuals who self-fund has not been the focus of extensive investigation. Recently, there has been renewed interest in evaluating quality of life, in line with the shift to patient enablement and self-care in chronic disease management. The objectives of this research were to describe the out-of-pocket wound treatment costs and the quality of life of people who have chronic wounds...
June 20, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620590/functional-redundancy-and-ecological-innovation-shape-the-circulation-of-tick-transmitted-pathogens
#3
Agustín Estrada-Peña, José de la Fuente, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz
Ticks are vectors of pathogens affecting human and animal health worldwide. Nevertheless, the ecological and evolutionary interactions between ticks, hosts, and pathogens are largely unknown. Here, we integrated a framework to evaluate the associations of the tick Ixodes ricinus with its hosts and environmental niches that impact pathogen circulation. The analysis of tick-hosts association suggested that mammals and lizards were the ancestral hosts of this tick species, and that a leap to Aves occurred around 120 M years ago...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620278/revealing-the-dysfunction-of-schematic-facial-expression-processing-in-schizophrenia-a-comparative-study-of-different-references
#4
Shenglin She, Haijing Li, Yuping Ning, Jianjuan Ren, Zhangying Wu, Rongcheng Huang, Jingping Zhao, Qian Wang, Yingjun Zheng
The use of event-related potential (ERP) recording technology during perceptual and cognitive processing has been studied in order to develop objective diagnostic indexes for people with neuropsychiatric disorders. For example, patients with schizophrenia exhibit consistent abnormalities in face-evoked early components of ERPs and mismatch negativities (MMNs). In most studies, the choice of reference has been the average reference (AVE), but whether this is the most suitable choice is still unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically compare the AVE and reference electrode standardization technique (REST) methods for assessing expressional face-evoked early visual ERPs and visual MMNs (vMMNs) in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615067/correspondence-on-lovell-et-al-identification-of-chicken-genes-previously-assumed-to-be-evolutionarily-lost
#5
Susanne Bornelöv, Eyal Seroussi, Sara Yosefi, Ken Pendavis, Shane C Burgess, Manfred Grabherr, Miriam Friedman-Einat, Leif Andersson
Through RNA-Seq analyses, we identified 137 genes that are missing in chicken, including the long-sought-after nephrin and tumor necrosis factor genes. These genes tended to cluster in GC-rich regions that have poor coverage in genome sequence databases. Hence, the occurrence of syntenic groups of vertebrate genes that have not been observed in Aves does not prove the evolutionary loss of such genes.Please see related Research article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13059-014-0565-1 and Please see response from Lovell et al: https://www...
June 14, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610380/a-cryptic-new-species-of-hummingbird-of-the-campylopterus-largipennis-complex-aves-trochilidae
#6
Leonardo Esteves Lopes, Marcelo Ferreira DE Vasconcelos, Luiz Pedreira Gonzaga
A new species of Campylopterus sabrewing is described from eastern Brazilian tropical dry forests occurring below 900 m asl. Its holotype (MZUSP 99024) is an adult female from Sítio Duboca (16°43'19''S, 43°58'20''W, elevation 840 m), municipality of Montes Claros, state of Minas Gerais. A taxonomic revision based on more than 1,000 museum specimens revealed that the new taxon, together with C. largipennis, C. diamantinensis and C. obscurus (with C. aequatorialis considered as a subjective junior synonym) should be ranked as species...
May 15, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610325/a-brief-history-of-the-generic-classification-of-the-trochilini-aves-trochilidae-the-chaos-of-the-past-and-problems-to-be-resolved
#7
F Gary Stiles, Vitor DE Q Piacentini, J V Remsen
The generic classification of the Trochilidae is unusually complicated because early authors, faced with a deluge of specimens with little or no data, often based species and genus names on superficial plumage characters derived from figured plates of varying artistic quality and reproduction. Working independently and with little knowledge of species distributions and with the fixation of type species for genera inconsistent or ignored, these authors produced a bewildering array of generic synonyms. The generic nomenclature of the largest and most recently derived clade of hummingbirds, the tribe Trochilini or "emeralds", presents an unusually tangled web...
May 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610269/feather-mites-of-the-genera-i-dubininia-i-and-i-cacatualges-i-acari-xolalgidae-associated-with-parrots-aves-psittaciformes-of-the-old-world
#8
Sergey V Mironov, Rainer Ehrnsberger, Jacek Dabert
This paper gives a systematic revision of feather mites of the genera Dubininia Vassilev, 1958 and Cacatualges Dabert, Badek and Skoracki, 2007 (Xolalgidae: Ingrassiinae) associated with parrots (Aves: Psittaciformes) of the Old World. Five new species are described: Cacatualges probosciger sp. n. from Probosciger aterrimus (Gmelin) (Cacatuidae) from New Guinea, Dubininia charmosynae sp. n. from Charmosyna pulchella Gray GR (Psittaculidae) from New Guinea, D. micropsittae sp. n. from Micropsitta pusio pusio (Scaltter) (Psittaculidae) from New Guinea, D...
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610213/a-new-genus-for-the-blue-and-yellow-tanager-aves-passeriformes-%C3%A2-a-suggested-adjustment-to-the-classification-of-the-thraupidae
#9
Vítor DE Q Piacentini
Recent DNA-based studies have found that the genus Thraupis, as traditionally defined, is polyphyletic, with the Blue-and-yellow Tanager (historically treated as Thraupis bonariensis) being sister to the Fawn-breasted Tanager (Pipraeidea melanonota). As a result, most subsequent classifications lumped both species under a single genus, Pipraeidea. Here I show that both species differ markedly in plumage, morphology, voice, and behavior, each of them being more similar to a distantly related species than to each other...
June 11, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610087/clarification-of-the-type-locality-of-the-curl-crested-aracari-i-pteroglossus-beauharnaesii-i-wagler-1832-aves-ramphastidae
#10
Thiago V V Costa, José Fernando Pacheco, Luís Fábio Silveira
The Curl-crested Aracari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii Wagler, 1832 is one of the most remarkable species in the family Ramphastidae. Among other distinctive plumage traits, its modified curly, shiny black crown feathers are unique in the family and are modified to an extent not found in any other living bird species (Brush 1967; Short & Horne 2002). The crown feathers, along with the distinct white throat, were considered sufficient justification in the past to include the species in the monotypic genus Beauharnaisius Bonaparte; however, molecular studies have shown that it is embedded within the genus Pteroglossus Illiger, sister to P...
March 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610029/type-specimens-and-type-localities-of-birds-aves-collected-during-f-j-f-meyen-s-circumnavigation-in-1830-1832
#11
Jiří Mlíkovský, Sylke Frahnert
At least 32 bird species were described as new to science on the basis of material collected by Franz Meyen during his circumnavigation in 1830-1832. We identified the type specimens and determined the type localities of these species, which are currently housed in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany. Ardea longicollis Meyen, 1834, is identified as a senior synonym of Egretta eulophotes (Swinhoe, 1860), but is set aside as a nomen oblitum. The name of a Neotropical dove is corrected from Metriopelia ceciliae zimmeri (Peters, 1937) to Metriopelia ceciliae gymnops (Chubb, 1917)...
April 3, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609999/speciation-in-indo-pacific-swiftlets-aves-apodidae-integrating-molecular-and-phenotypic-data-for-a-new-provisional-taxonomy-of-the-i-collocalia-i-i-esculenta-i-complex
#12
Frank E Rheindt, Les Christidis, Janette A Norman, James A Eaton, Keren R Sadanandan, Richard Schodde
White-bellied swiftlets of the Collocalia esculenta complex constitute a radiation of colony-breeding swifts distributed throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific region. Resolution of their taxonomy is challenging due to their morphological uniformity. To analyze the evolutionary history of this complex, we combine new biometric measurements and results from plumage assessment of museum specimens with novel as well as previously published molecular data. Together, this body of information constitutes the largest systematic dataset for white-bellied swiftlets yet compiled, drawn from 809 individuals belonging to 32 taxa for which new molecular, biometric, and/or plumage data are presented...
April 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606055/improved-mitochondrial-amino-acid-substitution-models-for-metazoan-evolutionary-studies
#13
Vinh Sy Le, Cuong Cao Dang, Quang Si Le
BACKGROUND: Amino acid substitution models play an essential role in inferring phylogenies from mitochondrial protein data. However, only few empirical models have been estimated from restricted mitochondrial protein data of a hundred species. The existing models are unlikely to represent appropriately the amino acid substitutions from hundred thousands metazoan mitochondrial protein sequences. RESULTS: We selected 125,935 mitochondrial protein sequences from 34,448 species in the metazoan kingdom to estimate new amino acid substitution models targeting metazoa, vertebrates and invertebrate groups...
June 12, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605970/intestinal-helminths-of-the-white-stork-ciconia-ciconia-linnaeus-1758-from-an-inter-route-site-in-turkey
#14
Ahmet Onur Girisgin, Sezen Birlik, Bayram Senlik, Hikmet Sami Yildirimhan
In Turkey, a study was conducted during the years 2009-2015 to detect the gastrointestinal helminth species of 18 white storks (Ciconia ciconia Linnaeus, 1758 (Aves: Ciconiiformes) sampled from aquatic or swamp areas of Bursa Province, one of the inter-route sites where storks intensely stay. The results of postmortem examination revealed that 17 (94.44%) white storks harboured one or more helminth species. Eight species of helminths were detected at the following prevalence rates: Dictymetra discoidea (38...
June 2017: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585043/candidate-genes-for-migration-do-not-distinguish-migratory-and-non-migratory-birds
#15
Juan S Lugo Ramos, Kira E Delmore, Miriam Liedvogel
Migratory traits in birds have been shown to have a strong heritable component and several candidate genes have been suggested to control these migratory traits. To investigate if the genetic makeup of one or a set of these candidate genes can be used to identify a general pattern between migratory and non-migratory birds, we extracted genomic sequence data for 25 hypothesised candidate genes for migration from 70 available genomes across all orders of Aves and characterised sequence divergence between migratory and non-migratory phenotypes...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584520/article-watch-july-2017
#16
Clive A Slaughter
This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, MCG-UGA Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA. Tel: (706) 713-2216; Fax: (706) 713-2221; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu, or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583125/considerations-and-guidance-in-designing-equity-relevant-clinical-trials
#17
EDITORIAL
Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Theresa Aves, Beverley Shea, Janet Jull, Vivian Welch, Monica Taljaard, Manosila Yoganathan, Regina Greer-Smith, George Wells, Peter Tugwell
Health research has documented disparities in health and health outcomes within and between populations. When these disparities are unfair and avoidable they may be referred to as health inequities. Few trials attend to factors related to health inequities, and there is limited understanding about how to build consideration of health inequities into trials. Due consideration of health inequities is important to inform the design, conduct and reporting of trials so that research can build evidence to more effectively address health inequities and importantly, ensure that inequities are not aggravated...
June 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562796/care-path-of-person-with-stroke-from-onset-to-rehabilitation
#18
Ana da Conceição Alves Faria, Maria Manuela Ferreira Pereira da Silva Martins, Soraia Dornelles Schoeller, Leandro Oliveira de Matos
Objective: to describe the care path of the person with stroke goes through and to identify the important events in this path. Method: qualitative descriptive exploratory research, using the semi-structured interview technique based on Meleis's Middle-Range Theory. The sample was composed of 13 people who became dependent after a stroke and were admitted to two hospital units in the region of Vale do Ave, Portugal. Data were collected between January and October 2013...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560168/genome-sequence-of-the-oleaginous-yeast-rhodotorula-toruloides-strain-cgmcc-2-1609
#19
Christine Sambles, Sabine Middelhaufe, Darren Soanes, Dagmara Kolak, Thomas Lux, Karen Moore, Petra Matoušková, David Parker, Rob Lee, John Love, Stephen J Aves
Most eukaryotic oleaginous species are yeasts and among them the basidiomycete red yeast, Rhodotorula (Rhodosporidium) toruloides (Pucciniomycotina) is known to produce high quantities of lipids when grown in nitrogen-limiting media, and has potential for biodiesel production. The genome of the CGMCC 2.1609 strain of this oleaginous red yeast was sequenced using a hybrid of Roche 454 and Illumina technology generating 13 × coverage. The de novo assembly was carried out using MIRA and scaffolded using MAQ and BAMBUS...
September 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542291/the-first-darter-aves-anhingidae-fossils-from-india-late-pliocene
#20
Thomas Stidham, Rajeev Patnaik, Kewal Krishan, Bahadur Singh, Abhik Ghosh, Ankita Singla, Simran S Kotla
New fossils from the latest Pliocene portion of the Tatrot Formation exposed in the Siwalik Hills of northern India represent the first fossil record of a darter (Anhingidae) from India. The darter fossils possibly represent a new species, but the limited information on the fossil record of this group restricts their taxonomic allocation. The Pliocene darter has a deep pit on the distal face of metatarsal trochlea IV not reported in other anhingids, it has an open groove for the m. flexor perforatus et perforans digiti II tendon on the hypotarsus unlike New World anhingid taxa, and these darter specimens are the youngest of the handful of Neogene records of the group from Asia...
2017: PloS One
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