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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137694/construct-validity-and-reliability-of-the-beliefs-toward-mental-illness-scale-for-american-japanese-and-korean-women
#1
Denise M Saint Arnault, Moonhee Gang, Seoyoon Woo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Beliefs Toward Mental Illness Scale (BMI) across women from the United States, Japan, and South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was employed. The sample was 564 women aged 21-64 years old who were recruited in the United States and Korea (American = 127, Japanese immigrants in the United States = 204, and Korean = 233). We carried out item analysis, construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and internal consistency using SPSS Version 22 and AMOS Version 22...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136922/immunosensing-system-for-rapid-multiplex-detection-of-mastitis-causing-pathogens-in-milk
#2
Delia Juronen, Ave Kuusk, Kairi Kivirand, Ago Rinken, Toonika Rinken
Mastitis, an inflammation of the mammary gland and udder tissue, is the major endemic disease of dairy cattle. In addition to causing health problems to the animals, mastitis leads to the reduction of milk production and quality, representing a significant economic burden for farmers. To enable timely treatment of infected animals with pathogen-specific antibiotics, the development of automated analytical methods for rapid on-site identification and quantification of mastitis-causing pathogens in milk is particularly important...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134710/isolation-by-distance-not-incipient-ecological-speciation-explains-genetic-differentiation-in-an-andean-songbird-aves-furnariidae-cranioleuca-antisiensis-line-cheeked-spinetail-despite-near-three-fold-body-size-change-across-an-environmental-gradient
#3
Glenn F Seeholzer, Robb T Brumfield
During the process of ecological speciation, reproductive isolation results from divergent natural selection and leads to a positive correlation between genetic divergence and adaptive phenotypic divergence, i.e. isolation-by-adaptation (IBA). In natural populations, phenotypic differentiation is often autocorrelated with geographic distance, making IBA difficult to distinguish from the neutral expectation of isolation-by-distance (IBD). We examined these two alternatives in a dramatic case of clinal phenotypic variation in an Andean songbird, the Line-cheeked Spinetail (Cranioleuca antisiensis)...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134145/visual-and-acoustic-components-of-courtship-in-the-bird-of-paradise-genus-astrapia-aves-paradisaeidae
#4
Edwin Scholes, Julia M Gillis, Timothy G Laman
The distinctive and divergent courtship phenotypes of the birds-of-paradise make them an important group for gaining insights into the evolution of sexually selected phenotypic evolution. The genus Astrapia includes five long-tailed species that inhabit New Guinea's montane forests. The visual and acoustic components of courtship among Astrapia species are very poorly known. In this study, we use audiovisual data from a natural history collection of animal behavior to fill gaps in knowledge about the visual and acoustic components of Astrapia courtship...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134094/the-evolution-of-giant-flightless-birds-and-novel-phylogenetic-relationships-for-extinct-fowl-aves-galloanseres
#5
Trevor H Worthy, Federico J Degrange, Warren D Handley, Michael S Y Lee
The extinct dromornithids, gastornithids and phorusrhacids are among the most spectacular birds to have ever lived, with some giants exceeding 500 kg. The affinities and evolution of these and other related extinct birds remain contentious, with previous phylogenetic analyses being affected by widespread convergence and limited taxon sampling. We address these problems using both parsimony and tip-dated Bayesian approaches on an expansive taxon set that includes all key extinct flightless and flighted (e...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118677/article-watch-december-2017
#6
REVIEW
Clive A Slaughter
This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, MCG-UGA Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA. Tel: (706) 713-2216; Fax: (706) 713-2221; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu, or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116194/site-specific-modification-of-adeno-associated-virus-enables-both-fluorescent-imaging-of-viral-particles-and-characterization-of-the-capsid-interactome
#7
Jayanth S Chandran, Paul S Sharp, Evangelia Karyka, João Miguel da Conceição Aves-Cruzeiro, Ian Coldicott, Lydia Castelli, Guillaume Hautbergue, Mark O Collins, Mimoun Azzouz
Adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) are attractive gene therapy vectors due to their low toxicity, high stability, and rare integration into the host genome. Expressing ligands on the viral capsid can re-target AAVs to new cell types, but limited sites have been identified on the capsid that tolerate a peptide insertion. Here, we incorporated a site-specific tetracysteine sequence into the AAV serotype 9 (AAV9) capsid, to permit labelling of viral particles with either a fluorescent dye or biotin. We demonstrate that fluorescently labelled particles are detectable in vitro, and explore the utility of the method in vivo in mice with time-lapse imaging...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113630/end-of-season-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-in-adults-and-children-united-kingdom-2016-17
#8
Richard Pebody, Fiona Warburton, Joanna Ellis, Nick Andrews, Alison Potts, Simon Cottrell, Arlene Reynolds, Rory Gunson, Catherine Thompson, Monica Galiano, Chris Robertson, Naomh Gallagher, Mary Sinnathamby, Ivelina Yonova, Ana Correa, Catherine Moore, Muhammad Sartaj, Simon de Lusignan, Jim McMenamin, Maria Zambon
IntroductionThe United Kingdom is in the fourth season of introducing a universal childhood influenza vaccine programme. The 2016/17 season saw early influenza A(H3N2) virus circulation with care home outbreaks and increased excess mortality particularly in those 65 years or older. Virus characterisation data indicated emergence of genetic clusters within the A(H3N2) 3C.2a group which the 2016/17 vaccine strain belonged to. Methods: The test-negative case-control (TNCC) design was used to estimate vaccine effectiveness (VE) against laboratory confirmed influenza in primary care...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098589/integrating-water-quality-responses-to-best-management-practices-in-portugal
#9
André Fonseca, Rui A R Boaventura, Vítor J P Vilar
Nutrient nonpoint pollution has a significant impact on water resources worldwide. The main challenge of this work was to assess the application of best management practices in agricultural land to comply with water quality legislation for surface waters. The Hydrological Simulation Program-FORTRAN was used to evaluate water quality of Ave River in Portugal. Best management practices (infiltration basin) (BMP) were applied to agricultural land (for 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15% area) with removal efficiencies of 50% for fecal coliforms and 30% for nitrogen, phosphorus, and biochemical oxygen demand...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096060/seamless-combination-of-high-pressure-chip-hplc-and-droplet-microfluidics-on-an-integrated-microfluidic-glass-chip
#10
Renata F Gerhardt, Andrea J Peretzki, Sebastian K Piendl, Detlev Belder
We introduce an approach for the integration of high performance liquid chromatography and droplet microfluidics on a single high-pressure resistant microfluidic glass chip. By coupling these two functionalities, separated analyte bands eluting from the HPLC column are fractionated into numerous droplets in a continuous flowing oil phase. The compartmentalization of the HPLC-eluate in a segmented flow was performed with droplet sizes of approximately 1 nL and with droplet frequencies reaching up to 45 Hz. This approach prevents peak dispersion and facilitates post column processing of chromatographic fractions on chip...
November 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084259/sequencing-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-common-raven-corvus-corax-aves-corvidae-confirms-mitogenome-wide-deep-lineages-and-a-paraphyletic-relationship-with-the-chihuahuan-raven-c-cryptoleucus
#11
Arild Johnsen, Anna M Kearns, Kevin E Omland, Jarl Andreas Anmarkrud
Previous studies based on single mitochondrial markers have shown that the common raven (Corvus corax) consists of two highly diverged lineages that are hypothesised to have undergone speciation reversal upon secondary contact. Furthermore, common ravens are paraphyletic with respect to the Chihuahuan raven (C. cryptoleucus) based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Here we explore the causes of mtDNA paraphyly by sequencing whole mitochondrial genomes of 12 common ravens from across the Northern Hemisphere, in addition to three Chihuahuan ravens and one closely related brown-necked raven (C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066538/the-scaffolding-protein-cnk-binds-to-the-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-alk-to-promote-visceral-founder-cell-specification-in-drosophila
#12
Georg Wolfstetter, Kathrin Pfeifer, Jesper R van Dijk, Fredrik Hugosson, Xiangyi Lu, Ruth H Palmer
In Drosophila melanogaster, the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) anaplastic lymphoma kinase (Alk) and its ligand jelly belly (Jeb) are required to specify muscle founder cells in the visceral mesoderm. We identified a critical role for the scaffolding protein Cnk (connector enhancer of kinase suppressor of Ras) in this signaling pathway. Embryos that ectopically expressed the minimal Alk interaction region in the carboxyl terminus of Cnk or lacked maternal and zygotic cnk did not generate visceral founder cells or a functional gut musculature, phenotypes that resemble those of jeb and Alk mutants...
October 24, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062962/heterologous-expression-of-avermectins-biosynthetic-gene-cluster-by-construction-of-a-bacterial-artificial-chromosome-library-of-the-producers
#13
Qian Deng, Li Zhou, Meizhong Luo, Zixin Deng, Changming Zhao
Avermectins, a group of polyketide natural products, are widely used as anthelmintics in agriculture. Metabolic engineering and combinatorial biosynthesis were extensively employed to improve Avermectins production and create novel Avermectin derivatives, including Ivermectin and Doramectin. It is labor intensive and time cost to genetically manipulate Avermectins producer Streptomyces avermitilis in vivo. Cloning and heterologous expression of Avermectins biosynthetic gene cluster will make it possible to tailor the cluster in vitro...
March 2017: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056098/the-appraisal-of-self-care-agency-scale-revised-asa-r-adaptation-and-validation-in-a-sample-of-spanish-older-adults
#14
Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Estrella Durá-Ferrandis, Jorge Garcés-Ferrer, Javier Sánchez-García
Self-care agency is an important determinant of healthy aging. The Appraisal of Self-care Agency Scale (ASA-R) (Sousa et al., 2010) is one of the main instrument to assess self-care capacity. The objectives of the study were: 1) to adapt and validate ASA-R scale for use in Spanish population; 2) to examine the dimensionality, validity and reliability; 3) and to establish the convergent validity of ASA-R using a self-reported health measure. The ASA-R Scale and the 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) were administered to 488 Spanish seniors aged 65 and over...
October 23, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052813/exploration-for-reliable-radiographic-assessment-method-for-hinge-like-hypermobility-at-atlanto-occipital-joint
#15
Shinjiro Kaneko, Ken Ishii, Kota Watanabe, Takashi Tsuji, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma
PURPOSE: Hinge-like hyper-mobility is occasionally observed at the atlanto-occipital (O-C1) joint. However, it has not been clear if this kind of hinge-like hyper-mobility at the O-C1 joint should be regarded as "pathologic", or referred to as "instability". To solve this issue, we aimed to establish a reliable radiographic assessment method for this specific type of O-C1 instability and figure out the "standard value" for the range of motion (ROM) of the O-C1 joint. METHODS: To figure out the standard range of the O-C1 angle, we acquired magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sagittal views of the cervical spine for 157 healthy volunteers [average: 37...
October 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038757/complete-mitochondrial-genome-sequences-of-the-northern-spotted-owl-strix-occidentalis-caurina-and-the-barred-owl-strix-varia-aves-strigiformes-strigidae-confirm-the-presence-of-a-duplicated-control-region
#16
Zachary R Hanna, James B Henderson, Anna B Sellas, Jérôme Fuchs, Rauri C K Bowie, John P Dumbacher
We report here the successful assembly of the complete mitochondrial genomes of the northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) and the barred owl (S. varia). We utilized sequence data from two sequencing methodologies, Illumina paired-end sequence data with insert lengths ranging from approximately 250 nucleotides (nt) to 9,600 nt and read lengths from 100-375 nt and Sanger-derived sequences. We employed multiple assemblers and alignment methods to generate the final assemblies. The circular genomes of S...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028524/sleep-health-assessment-a-scale-validation
#17
Nathália Brandolim Becker, Rute Isabel Santos Martins, Saul de Neves Jesus, Roberto Chiodelli, Michael Stephen Rieber
Sleep health is a new and important concept. Considering the need to expand the research on sleep from the health perspective, this research proposes to validate a Sleep Health Scale (SHS) for use with the Portuguese adult population. A sample of 540 community-dwelling adults aged 18-90 years old was included. The SHS scores ranged from 0 to 30 with a mean of 19.09 (SD ± 6.49). The distribution indicated that all socio demographic variables (age, gender, and literacy) influenced sleep health. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) demonstrated one factor for this measurement model with poor indices (Chi-square (df) = 55...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026507/face-and-content-validity-of-the-macarthur-competence-assessment-tool-for-the-treatment-of-iranian-patients
#18
Ali Saber, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Godarz Akasheh, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Zanjani, Bagher Larijani
BACKGROUND: There is not a valid Persian tool for measuring the decision-making competency of patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the face and content validity of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for the treatment of Iranian Persian-speaking patients. METHODS: To assess the validity of the Persian version of the tool, a self-administrated questionnaire was designed. The Lawshe method was also used for assessing each item. Content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were used to assess the content validity quantitatively...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022214/two-new-species-of-trouessartia-canestrini-1899-astigmata-trouessartiidae-from-passeriform-birds-in-brazil
#19
Fabio A Hernandes
Two new feather mite species of the genus Trouessartia Canestrini, 1899 (Analgoidea: Trouessartiidae) are described from passerines (Aves: Passeriformes) in Brazil: T. calcealgiana n. sp. from Philydor atricapillus (Wied) (Furnariidae), and T. gigaphallus n. sp. from Tyrannus melancholicus Vieillot (Tyrannidae). Both species have unique features, such as the large hook-like seta sR on trochanters III in T. calcealgiana, and the large male genitalia in T. gigaphallus, which are at least twice as long as normally found in most species of Trouessartia...
November 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986626/results-of-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#20
Mehmet Sarier, Sabri Tekin, İbrahim Duman, Yucel Yuksel, Meltem Demir, Furkan Alptekinkaya, Mehmet Guler, Asuman Havva Yavuz, Alim Kosar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the early and long-term results of renal transplantation (RT) patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) due to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with RT performed in our hospital underwent TURP between November 2008 and March 2016. Results were evaluated along with early and long-term complications. Patients were followed up for a minimum of 12 months...
October 6, 2017: World Journal of Urology
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