keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ave

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792248/annals-editorial-team-ave-atque-vale
#1
Michael J Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783371/molecular-characterization-and-biological-activity-of-interferon-%C3%AE-in-indian-peafowl-pavo-cristatus
#2
Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juanjuan Liu, Yizhi Shao, Jinglun Li, Hongliang Chai, Mingwei Xing
Interferon-α (IFN-α) genes have been cloned from a variety of animals, but information about Indian peafowl Pavo cristatus IFN-α (PcIFN-α) has not been reported. In this study, a PcIFN-α gene was amplified, which encoded a protein of 193 amino acids with a 26-amino acid signal peptide sharing 72.16-95.70% identity with other avians in Aves. After expression in prokaryote, purification, and renaturation, PcIFN-α was analyzed for its physicochemical property and antiviral activity. Cytopathic inhibition test showed that the recombinant PcIFN-α could inhibit the replication of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), Newcastle disease virus (NDV), and avian influenza virus (AIV) on chicken embryo fibroblasts...
August 7, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780915/a-new-species-of-diomedenema-nematoda-rhabditida-spiruromorpha-from-spheniscus-magellanicus-aves-sphenisciformes-found-on-the-southern-coast-of-brazil
#3
M Knoff, J N Santos, E G Giese, D C Gomes, Â T Silva-Souza
A new species of the genus Diomedenema, a spiruromorph nematode, collected from the lung of Spheniscus magellanicus (Sphenisciformes) found on the southern coast of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, is described. The new species is differentiated from the only previously described species of the genus, D. diomedeae Johston & Mawson, 1952, by males possessing a set of caudal papillae with three pairs of precloacal, two pairs of adcloacal and one pair of postcloacal papillae; precloacal papillae with the papillae of the first two pairs being closer to each other than those of the third pair; a longer and pointed tail in males; and females with the vulva at mid-body...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758604/a-new-species-of-procyrnea-nematoda-habronematidae-parasitic-in-rhea-pennata-aves-rheidae-from-patagonia-argentina-with-a-key-to-species-of-the-genus
#4
E Bagnato, M Frixione, M C Digiani, F Cremonte
Procyrnea choique n. sp. is described from the lesser rhea, Rhea pennata d´Orbigny (Aves: Rheidae), from the Protected Natural Area Península Valdés, Chubut province, Argentina. The new species resembles P. ficheuri, P. murrayi, P. excisiformis, P. dollfusi, P. haliasturi, P. anterovulvata, P. graculae, P. brevicaudata, P. uncinipenis, P. javaensis, P. ameerae, P. ornata, P. aegotheles, P. spiralis, P. ruschii and P. aptera, mainly in the absence of lateral alae; but differs from its congeners by having a left spicule without barbs, the position of the vulva which is post-equatorial, the absence of lateral ridges, absent median precloacal papilla, asymmetrical caudal alae, males more than 6 mm long, left spicule 1 mm long and spicule ratio 1:3...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753340/entanglement-entropy-of-eigenstates-of-quadratic-fermionic-hamiltonians
#5
Lev Vidmar, Lucas Hackl, Eugenio Bianchi, Marcos Rigol
In a seminal paper [D. N. Page, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1291 (1993)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1291], Page proved that the average entanglement entropy of subsystems of random pure states is S_{ave}≃lnD_{A}-(1/2)D_{A}^{2}/D for 1≪D_{A}≤sqrt[D], where D_{A} and D are the Hilbert space dimensions of the subsystem and the system, respectively. Hence, typical pure states are (nearly) maximally entangled. We develop tools to compute the average entanglement entropy ⟨S⟩ of all eigenstates of quadratic fermionic Hamiltonians...
July 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747478/humans-recognize-emotional-arousal-in-vocalizations-across-all-classes-of-terrestrial-vertebrates-evidence-for-acoustic-universals
#6
Piera Filippi, Jenna V Congdon, John Hoang, Daniel L Bowling, Stephan A Reber, Andrius Pašukonis, Marisa Hoeschele, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Bart de Boer, Christopher B Sturdy, Albert Newen, Onur Güntürkün
Writing over a century ago, Darwin hypothesized that vocal expression of emotion dates back to our earliest terrestrial ancestors. If this hypothesis is true, we should expect to find cross-species acoustic universals in emotional vocalizations. Studies suggest that acoustic attributes of aroused vocalizations are shared across many mammalian species, and that humans can use these attributes to infer emotional content. But do these acoustic attributes extend to non-mammalian vertebrates? In this study, we asked human participants to judge the emotional content of vocalizations of nine vertebrate species representing three different biological classes-Amphibia, Reptilia (non-aves and aves) and Mammalia...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743862/co-option-of-the-cardiac-transcription-factor-nkx2-5-during-development-of-the-emu-wing
#7
Peter G Farlie, Nadia M Davidson, Naomi L Baker, Mai Raabus, Kelly N Roeszler, Claire Hirst, Andrew Major, Mylene M Mariette, David M Lambert, Alicia Oshlack, Craig A Smith
The ratites are a distinctive clade of flightless birds, typified by the emu and ostrich that have acquired a range of unique anatomical characteristics since diverging from basal Aves at least 100 million years ago. The emu possesses a vestigial wing with a single digit and greatly reduced forelimb musculature. However, the embryological basis of wing reduction and other anatomical changes associated with loss of flight are unclear. Here we report a previously unknown co-option of the cardiac transcription factor Nkx2...
July 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735014/initial-clinical-experience-with-testosterone-undecanoate-therapy-aveed-%C3%A2-in-testosterone-deficient-men-in-the-united-states
#8
Abraham Morgentaler, Yonah Krakowsky, William Conners, Emily Davidson, Alex Rawji
OBJECTIVE: To report our initial experiences with TU 750mg in testosterone-deficient men. METHODS: All patients receiving TU 750mg at our center between July 1 2014 to August 1 2016 were identified. Clinical response was assessed via structured interviews and laboratory evaluations. Adverse events were documented, including increases in prostate specific antigen (PSA), hematocrit (Hct), and the development of post-injection cough. RESULTS: More than two injections were received by 147 men, with mean age 63...
July 19, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729320/construction-of-a-web-based-questionnaire-for-longitudinal-investigation-of-work-exposure-musculoskeletal-pain-and-performance-impairments-in-high-performance-marine-craft-populations
#9
Riccardo Lo Martire, Manudul Pahansen de Alwis, Björn Olov Äng, Karl Garme
OBJECTIVE: High-performance marine craft personnel (HPMCP) are regularly exposed to vibration and repeated shock (VRS) levels exceeding maximum limitations stated by international legislation. Whereas such exposure reportedly is detrimental to health and performance, the epidemiological data necessary to link these adverse effects causally to VRS are not available in the scientific literature, and no suitable tools for acquiring such data exist. This study therefore constructed a questionnaire for longitudinal investigations in HPMCP...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726608/density-dependent-prevalence-of-francisella-tularensis-in-fluctuating-vole-populations-northwestern-spain
#10
Ruth Rodríguez-Pastor, Raquel Escudero, Dolors Vidal, François Mougeot, Beatriz Arroyo, Xavier Lambin, Ave Maria Vila-Coro, Isabel Rodríguez-Moreno, Pedro Anda, Juan J Luque-Larena
Tularemia in humans in northwestern Spain is associated with increases in vole populations. Prevalence of infection with Francisella tularensis in common voles increased to 33% during a vole population fluctuation. This finding confirms that voles are spillover agents for zoonotic outbreaks. Ecologic interactions associated with tularemia prevention should be considered.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722241/mineralized-state-of-the-avian-influenza-virus-in-the-environment
#11
Hangyu Zhou, Guangchuan Wang, Xiaoyu Wang, Zhiyong Song, Ruikang Tang
Although the circulation of avian influenza in humans is limited, they can be transmitted from Aves to humans, representing a great challenge. Herein, we suggest that influenza viruses from Aves might exist in a mineralized state due to the high calcium concentrations in the avian intestine. Using two typical influenza viruses as examples, we demonstrate these viruses can self-mineralize in simulated avian intestinal fluid, resulting in egg-like virus-mineral structured composites. The mineralized viruses are more robust, with enhanced infectivity and thermostability...
July 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712875/apical-constriction-in-distal-visceral-endoderm-cells-initiates-global-collective-cell-rearrangement-in-embryonic-visceral-endoderm-to-form-anterior-visceral-endoderm
#12
Go Shioi, Hideharu Hoshino, Takaya Abe, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Kazuki Nakao, Wenxiang Meng, Yasuhide Furuta, Toshihiko Fujimori, Shinichi Aizawa
The behavior of visceral endoderm cells was examined as the anterior visceral endoderm (AVE) formed from the distal visceral endoderm (DVE) using the mouse lines R26-H2B-EGFP and R26-PHA7-EGFP to visualize cell nuclei and adherens junction, respectively. The analysis using R26-H2B-EGFP demonstrated global cell rearrangement that was not specific to the DVE cells in the monolayer embryonic visceral endoderm sheet; each population of the endoderm cells moved collectively in a swirling movement as a whole. Most of the AVE cells at E6...
September 1, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690801/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-barcoding-of-cytochrome-c-oxidase-i-sequences-for-discriminating-17-species-of-columbidae-by-decision-tree-algorithm
#13
Cheng-Hong Yang, Kuo-Chuan Wu, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Li-Yeh Chuang, Hsueh-Wei Chang
DNA barcodes are widely used in taxonomy, systematics, species identification, food safety, and forensic science. Most of the conventional DNA barcode sequences contain the whole information of a given barcoding gene. Most of the sequence information does not vary and is uninformative for a given group of taxa within a monophylum. We suggest here a method that reduces the amount of noninformative nucleotides in a given barcoding sequence of a major taxon, like the prokaryotes, or eukaryotic animals, plants, or fungi...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687769/computational-sensing-of-herpes-simplex-virus-using-a-cost-effective-on-chip-microscope
#14
Aniruddha Ray, Mustafa Ugur Daloglu, Joslynn Ho, Avee Torres, Euan Mcleod, Aydogan Ozcan
Caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), herpes is a viral infection that is one of the most widespread diseases worldwide. Here we present a computational sensing technique for specific detection of HSV using both viral immuno-specificity and the physical size range of the viruses. This label-free approach involves a compact and cost-effective holographic on-chip microscope and a surface-functionalized glass substrate prepared to specifically capture the target viruses. To enhance the optical signatures of individual viruses and increase their signal-to-noise ratio, self-assembled polyethylene glycol based nanolenses are rapidly formed around each virus particle captured on the substrate using a portable interface...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682073/coupling-of-challenging-heteroaryl-halides-with-alkyl-halides-via-nickel-catalyzed-cross-electrophile-coupling
#15
Eric C Hansen, Changfeng Li, Sihang Yang, Dylan Pedro, Daniel J Weix
Despite their importance, the synthesis of alkylated heterocycles from the cross-coupling of Lewis basic nitrogen heteroaryl halides with alkyl halides remains a challenge. We report here a general solution to this challenge enabled by a new collection of ligands based around 2-pyridyl-N-cyanocarboxamidine and 2-pyridylcarboxamidine cores. Both primary and secondary alkyl halides can be coupled with 2-, 3-, and 4-pyridyl halides as well as other more complex heterocycles in generally good yields (41 examples, 69% ave yield)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679778/combination-therapy-with-nhs-muil12-and-avelumab-anti-pd-l1-enhances-antitumor-efficacy-in-preclinical-cancer-models
#16
Chunxiao Xu, Yanping Zhang, P Alexander Rolfe, Vivian M Hernández, Wilson Guzman, Giorgio Kradjian, Bo Marelli, Guozhong Qin, Jin Qi, Hong Wang, Huakui Yu, Robert Tighe, Kin-Ming Lo, Jessie M English, Laszlo G Radvanyi, Yan Lan
To determine if combination therapy with NHS-muIL12 and the anti-PD-L1 antibody avelumab can enhance anti-tumor efficacy in preclinical models relative to monotherapies.<br /><br />Experimental Design: BALB/c mice bearing orthotopic EMT-6 mammary tumors and μMt(-) mice bearing subcutaneous MC38 tumors were treated with NHS-muIL12, avelumab, or combination therapy; tumor growth and survival were assessed. Tumor recurrence following remission and rechallenge was evaluated in EMT-6 tumor-bearing mice...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679381/does-genetic-structure-reflect-differences-in-non-breeding-movements-a-case-study-in-small-highly-mobile-seabirds
#17
Petra Quillfeldt, Yoshan Moodley, Henri Weimerskirch, Yves Cherel, Karine Delord, Richard A Phillips, Joan Navarro, Luciano Calderón, Juan F Masello
BACKGROUND: In seabirds, the extent of population genetic and phylogeographic structure varies extensively among species. Genetic structure is lacking in some species, but present in others despite the absence of obvious physical barriers (landmarks), suggesting that other mechanisms restrict gene flow. It has been proposed that the extent of genetic structure in seabirds is best explained by relative overlap in non-breeding distributions of birds from different populations. We used results from the analysis of microsatellite DNA variation and geolocation (tracking) data to test this hypothesis...
July 5, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668667/factors-influencing-codon-usage-of-mitochondrial-nd1-gene-in-pisces-aves-and-mammals
#18
Arif Uddin, Monisha Nath Choudhury, Supriyo Chakraborty
Animal mitochondrial genome harbours 13 protein coding genes which regulate the process of respiration. The mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase 1 (MT-ND1) gene, one of the 13 protein-coding genes, encodes the NADH dehydrogenase 1 enzyme of the respiratory chain. Analysis of codon usage bias (CUB) acquires importance for better understanding of the molecular biology, new gene discovery, design of transgenes and gene evolution. The MT-ND1 gene seems to be a good candidate for analyzing codon usage pattern, since no work has yet been reported...
June 28, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660691/metagenomic-analysis-of-the-complex-microbial-consortium-associated-with-cultures-of-the-oil-rich-alga-botryococcus-braunii
#19
Christine Sambles, Karen Moore, Thomas M Lux, Katy Jones, George R Littlejohn, João D Gouveia, Stephen J Aves, David J Studholme, Rob Lee, John Love
Microalgae are widely viewed as a promising and sustainable source of renewable chemicals and biofuels. Botryococcus braunii synthesizes and secretes significant amounts of long-chain (C30 -C40 ) hydrocarbons that can be subsequently converted into gasoline, diesel, and aviation fuel. B. braunii cultures are not axenic and the effects of co-cultured microorganisms on B. braunii growth and hydrocarbon yield are important, but sometimes contradictory. To understand the composition of the B. braunii microbial consortium, we used high throughput Illumina sequencing of metagenomic DNA to profile the microbiota within a well established, stable B...
August 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651888/how-can-lifeguards-recover-better-a-cross-over-study-comparing-resting-running-and-foam-rolling
#20
Anton Kalén, Alexandra Pérez-Ferreirós, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, María Fernández-Méndez, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Jose A Prieto, Andrés Ríos-Ave, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of active recovery in form of running or foam rolling on clearing blood lactate compared to remain sitting after a water rescue. METHOD: A quasi experimental cross-over design was used to test the effectiveness of two active recovery methods: foam rolling (FR) and running (RR), compared with passive recovery (PR) on the blood lactate clearance after performing a water rescue. Twelve lifeguards from Marín (Pontevedra) completed the study...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
69435
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"