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Fgf21 and fructose

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107295/the-fgf21-response-to-fructose-predicts-metabolic-health-and-persists-after-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-humans
#1
Kasper W Ter Horst, Pim W Gilijamse, Ahmet Demirkiran, Bart A van Wagensveld, Mariette T Ackermans, Joanne Verheij, Johannes A Romijn, Max Nieuwdorp, Eleftheria Maratos-Flier, Mark A Herman, Mireille J Serlie
OBJECTIVE: Fructose consumption has been implicated in the development of obesity and insulin resistance. Emerging evidence shows that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) has beneficial effects on glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism and may also mediate an adaptive response to fructose ingestion. Fructose acutely stimulates circulating FGF21 consistent with a hormonal response. We aimed to evaluate whether fructose-induced FGF21 secretion is linked to metabolic outcomes in obese humans before and after bariatric surgery-induced weight loss...
November 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098321/sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-associations-with-fasting-glucose-and-insulin-concentrations-are-not-modified-by-selected-genetic-variants-in-a-chrebp-fgf21-pathway-a-meta-analysis
#2
Nicola M McKeown, Hassan S Dashti, Jiantao Ma, Danielle E Haslam, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Caren E Smith, Toshiko Tanaka, Mariaelisa Graff, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Denis Rybin, Emily Sonestedt, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Yanping Li, Carol A Wang, Elisabeth T M Leermakers, Vera Mikkilä, Kristin L Young, Kenneth J Mukamal, L Adrienne Cupples, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Tzu-An Chen, Ruifang Li-Gao, Tao Huang, Wendy H Oddy, Olli Raitakari, Kenneth Rice, James B Meigs, Ulrika Ericson, Lyn M Steffen, Frits R Rosendaal, Albert Hofman, Mika Kähönen, Bruce M Psaty, Louise Brunkwall, Andre G Uitterlinden, Jorma Viikari, David S Siscovick, Ilkka Seppälä, Kari E North, Dariush Mozaffarian, Josée Dupuis, Marju Orho-Melander, Stephen S Rich, Renée de Mutsert, Lu Qi, Craig E Pennell, Oscar H Franco, Terho Lehtimäki, Mark A Herman
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major dietary contributor to fructose intake. A molecular pathway involving the carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) and the metabolic hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) may influence sugar metabolism and, thereby, contribute to fructose-induced metabolic disease. We hypothesise that common variants in 11 genes involved in fructose metabolism and the ChREBP-FGF21 pathway may interact with SSB intake to exacerbate positive associations between higher SSB intake and glycaemic traits...
November 2, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938434/fgf21-is-an-insulin-dependent-postprandial-hormone-in-adult-humans
#3
Ricardo J Samms, Jo E Lewis, Luke Norton, Francis B Stephens, Christopher J Gaffney, Tony Butterfield, Dennis P Smith, Christine C Cheng, James W Perfield, Andrew C Adams, Francis J P Ebling, Kostas Tsintzas
Context: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) secretion has been shown to respond directly to carbohydrate consumption, with glucose, fructose, and sucrose all reported to increase plasma levels of FGF21 in rodents and humans. However, carbohydrate consumption also results in secretion of insulin. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the combined and independent effects of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on total and bioactive FGF21 in the postprandial period in humans, and determine whether this effect is attenuated in conditions of altered insulin secretion and action...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886439/chronic-high-sucrose-diet-increases-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-production-and-energy-expenditure-in-mice
#4
Ryuya Maekawa, Yusuke Seino, Hidetada Ogata, Masatoshi Murase, Atsushi Iida, Kaori Hosokawa, Erina Joo, Norio Harada, Shin Tsunekawa, Yoji Hamada, Yutaka Oiso, Nobuya Inagaki, Yoshitaka Hayashi, Hiroshi Arima
Excess carbohydrate intake causes obesity in humans. On the other hand, acute administration of fructose, glucose or sucrose in experimental animals has been shown to increase the plasma concentration of anti-obesity hormones such as glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), which contribute to reducing body weight. However, the secretion and action of GLP-1 and FGF21 in mice chronically fed a high-sucrose diet has not been investigated. To address the role of anti-obesity hormones in response to increased sucrose intake, we analyzed mice fed a high-sucrose diet, a high-starch diet or a normal diet for 15 weeks...
November 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559436/hepatic-fgf21-mediates-gender-differences-in-high-fat-high-fructose-diet-induced-fatty-liver
#5
Natsasi Chukijrungroat, Tanaporn Khamphaya, Jittima Weerachayaphorn, Thaweesak Songserm, Vitoon Saengsirisuwan
The role of gender in the progression of fatty liver due to chronic high-fat, high-fructose diet (HFFD) has not been studied. The present investigation assessed whether HFFD induced hepatic perturbations differently between genders and examined the potential mechanisms. Male, female and ovariectomized (OVX) Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either control diet or HFFD for 12 weeks. Indices of liver damage and hepatic steatosis were analyzed biochemically and histologically together with monitoring changes in hepatic gene and protein expression...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337713/the-potential-role-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-in-lipid-metabolism-and-hypertension
#6
REVIEW
Zhe Huang, Aimin Xu, Bernard M Y Cheung
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 belongs to the FGF superfamily that is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, neural development, angiogenesis, and metabolism. FGF21 requires β-Klotho as a co-receptor. Tissues involved in metabolism such as the liver, adipose tissues, skeletal muscle, and pancreas express FGF21. Starvation increases hepatic expression of FGF21, which then acts centrally to increase hepatic gluconeogenesis. FGF21 also increases fatty acid oxidation. This may be relevant in cold exposure, when expression of FGF21 is induced...
April 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123933/a-critical-role-for-chrebp-mediated-fgf21-secretion-in-hepatic-fructose-metabolism
#7
Ffolliott M Fisher, MiSung Kim, Ludivine Doridot, Jeremy C Cunniff, Thomas S Parker, Daniel M Levine, Marc K Hellerstein, Lisa C Hudgins, Eleftheria Maratos-Flier, Mark A Herman
OBJECTIVE: Increased fructose consumption is a contributor to the burgeoning epidemic of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recent evidence indicates that the metabolic hormone FGF21 is regulated by fructose consumption in humans and rodents and may play a functional role in this nutritional context. Here, we sought to define the mechanism by which fructose ingestion regulates FGF21 and determine whether FGF21 contributes to an adaptive metabolic response to fructose consumption...
January 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387420/fgf21-ameliorates-the-neurocontrol-of-blood-pressure-in-the-high-fructose-drinking-rats
#8
Jian-Li He, Miao Zhao, Jing-Jun Xia, Jian Guan, Yang Liu, Lu-Qi Wang, Dong-Xue Song, Mei-Yu Qu, Meng Zuo, Xin Wen, Xue Yu, Rong Huo, Zhen-Wei Pan, Tao Ban, Yan Zhang, Jiu-Xin Zhu, Weinian Shou, Guo-Fen Qiao, Bai-Yan Li
Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) is closely related to various metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. However, the direct targets and mechanisms linking FGF21 to blood pressure control and hypertension are still elusive. Here we demonstrated a novel regulatory function of FGF21 in the baroreflex afferent pathway (the nucleus tractus solitarii, NTS; nodose ganglion, NG). As the critical co-receptor of FGF21, β-klotho (klb) significantly expressed on the NTS and NG. Furthermore, we evaluated the beneficial effects of chronic intraperitoneal infusion of recombinant human FGF21 (rhFGF21) on the dysregulated systolic blood pressure, cardiac parameters, baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and hyperinsulinemia in the high fructose-drinking (HFD) rats...
July 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25685689/fructose-ingestion-acutely-stimulates-circulating-fgf21-levels-in-humans
#9
Jody R Dushay, Elena Toschi, Emilie K Mitten, Ffolliott M Fisher, Mark A Herman, Eleftheria Maratos-Flier
OBJECTIVE: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a hormone with pleiotropic metabolic activities which, in rodents, is robustly regulated by fasting and ketogenic diets. In contrast, similar dietary interventions have either no or minimal effects on circulating FGF21 in humans. Moreover, no intervention or dietary challenge has been shown to acutely stimulate circulating FGF21 in either humans or animals. Recent animal data suggest that the transcription factor Carbohydrate Responsive-Element Binding Protein (ChREBP) stimulates hepatic FGF21 expression and that fructose may activate hepatic ChREBP more robustly than glucose...
January 2015: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25685684/the-good-the-bad-and-the-unknown-fructose-and-fgf21
#10
Susanna M Hofmann, Peter J Havel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24358774/-therapeutic-effect-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-on-hypertension-induced-by-insulin-resistance
#11
Sheng-long Zhu, Gui-ping Ren, Zhen-yu Zhang, Wen-fei Wang, Xian-long Ye, Miao-miao Han, Jing-zhuang Zhao, Tong-yu Xu, Ming-yao Liu, De-shan Li
This study is to evaluate the therapeutic effect of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) on hypertension induced by insulin resistance in rats and to provide mechanistic insights into its therapeutic effect. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were fed with high-fructose (10%) water to develop mild hypertensive models within 4 weeks, then randomized into 4 groups: model control, FGF21 0.25, 0.1 and 0.05 micromol x kg(-1) x d(-1) groups. Five age-matched normal SD rats administrated with saline were used as normal controls...
September 2013: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
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