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Nima Rezaei

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034753/ataxia-telangiectasia-syndrome-moonlighting-atm
#1
Majid Zaki Dizaji, Seyed Mohammad Akrami, Hassan Abolhassani, Nima Rezaei, Asghar Aghamohammadi
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) a multisystem disorder primarily characterized by cerebellar degeneration, telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, cancer susceptibility and radiation sensitivity. Identification of the gene defective in this syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia mutated gene (ATM), and further characterization of the disorder together with a greater insight into the function of the ATM protein have expanded our knowledge about the molecular pathogenesis of this disease. Area covered: In this review, we have attempted to summarize the different roles of ATM signaling that have provided new insights into the diverse clinical phenotypes exhibited by A-T patients...
October 16, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941357/microrna-in-alzheimer-s-disease-revisited-implications-for-major-neuropathological-mechanisms
#2
Reihaneh Dehghani, Farzaneh Rahmani, Nima Rezaei
Pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) goes far beyond neurotoxicity resulting from extracellular deposition of amyloid β (Aβ) plaques. Aberrant cleavage of amyloid precursor protein and accumulation of Aβ in the form of the plaque or neurofibrillary tangles are the known primary culprits of AD pathogenesis and target for various regulatory mechanisms. Hyper-phosphorylation of tau, a major component of neurofibrillary tangles, precipitates its aggregation and prevents its clearance. Lipid particles, apolipoproteins and lipoprotein receptors can act in favor or against Aβ and tau accumulation by altering neural membrane characteristics or dynamics of transport across the blood-brain barrier...
September 23, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938189/the-potent-suppressive-effect-of-%C3%AE-d-mannuronic-acid-m2000-on-molecular-expression-of-the-tlr-nf-kb-signaling-pathway-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients
#3
Maryam Roozbehkia, Mahdi Mahmoudi, Somaye Aletaha, Nima Rezaei, Mohammad Javad Fattahi, Fahimeh Jafarnezhad-Ansariha, Anis Barati, Abbas Mirshafiey
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease characterized by the inflammation of sacroiliac joints and axial skeleton. A combination of genetic, environmental and immunological factors are involved in AS's pathogenesis. TLRs are type I transmembrane glycoproteins that play a crucial role in the innate immune responses against invading pathogens. Observational studies have demonstrated a possible association between TLR dysregulation and AS. The β-d-mannuronic acid (M2000), as a novel NSAID with immunosuppressive property, has shown an inhibitory effect on Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, 4 signaling in HEK293 cells...
November 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933228/is-there-sufficient-evidence-to-support-the-use-of-vitamin-supplements-in-the-asthmatic-patient
#4
Shahabeddin Rezaei, Nima Rezaei, Maryam Mahmoudi, Zahra Aryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925897/role-of-apoptosis-in-the-pathogenesis-of-common-variable-immunodeficiency-cvid
#5
Mazdak Ganjalikhani-Hakemi, Reza Yazdani, Mohammad Esmaeili, Hassan Abolhassani, Wiliam Rae, Gholamreza Azizi, Majid Zaki Dizaji, Mohammadreza Shaghaghi, Faezeh Abbasi-Rad, Abbas Rezaei, Sanaz Afshar-Qasemloo, Saeed Mohammadi, Nima Rezaei, Asghar Aghamohammadi
BACKGROUND: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous immune deficiency characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia. Since B cell maturation and differentiation is defective in this disorder, we evaluated apoptosis in B cells of patients with CVID compared with healthy donors (HD). METHODS: Determination of peripheral blood B-cell subsets in CVID and HDs, was performed using flow cytometry. We compared total apoptosis, early apoptosis and late apoptosis/necrosis in unstimulated and stimulated B-cells of patients with CVID and HDs...
September 19, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922104/interleukin-2-interferon-gamma-gene-polymorphisms-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#6
Shamsolmoulouk Najafi, Hila Yousefi, Mahsa Mohammadzadeh, Alireza Zare Bidoki, Elham Farhadi, Nima Rezaei
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common oral ulcerative inflammatory disease with unknown etiology. IL-2 and IFN-γ are secreted by Th1 cells and the elevated levels of them have been reported in RAS. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-2 and IFN-γ genes could alter the cytokine production. The aim of this study was to investigate frequencies of IL-2 and IFN-γ alleles and genotypes in a group of patients with minor-RAS (MiRAS). PCR-SSP method used to type genomic DNA of 64 Iranian patients with MiRAS for IL-2 gene (G -330 T) and (G +166 T) and IFN-γ gene at position UTR5644 (A/T)...
2017: Prague Medical Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918612/increase-concentration-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-tgf-%C3%AE-in-breast-milk-of-mothers-with-psychological-disorders
#7
Mamak Shariat, Nasrin Abedinia, Nima Rezaei, Nahid Farrokhzad
Several studies have shown an imbalance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in depression and anxiety disorders. However, less attention has been paid to the role of cytokines in psychological disorder in mothers who breastfeed. This study looks at whether concentration levels of TGF-β2 are altered in anxious and depressive breastfeeding mothers. This study checked the concentration level of TGF-B2 in relation with psychological symptoms on 110 breastfeeding mothers; based on random sampling method with using of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Spielberger Stress Scale (STAI) in 2015 also TGF-β2 was measured in breast milk using ELISA...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916186/clinical-immunological-and-genetic-spectrum-of-696-patients-with-combined-immunode%C3%AF-ciency
#8
Hassan Abolhassani, Janet Chou, Wayne Bainter, Craig Platt, Mahmood Tavassoli, Toba Momen, Marzieh Tavakol, Mohammad Hossein Eslamian, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Masoud Movahedi, Mohsen Ghadami, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Gholamreza Azizi, Reza Yazdani, Mohsen Afarideh, Alireza Ghajar, Arash Havaei, Zahra Chavoushzadeh, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Taher Cheraghi, Nasrin Behniafard, Reza Amin, Soheila Aleyasin, Reza Faridhosseini, Farahzad Jabbari-Azad, Mohammamd Nabavi, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Saba Arshi, Rasol Molatefi, Roya Sherkat, Mahboubeh Mansouri, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Delara Babaie, Iraj Mohammadzadeh, Javad Ghaffari, Alireza Shafiei, Najmeddin Kalantari, Hamid Ahanchian, Maryam Khoshkhui, Habib Soheili, Abbas Dabbaghzadeh, Afshin Shirkani, Rasoul Nasiri Kalmarzi, Seyed Hamidreza Mortazavi, Javad Tafaroji, Abbas Khalili, Javad Mohammadi, Babak Negahdari, Mohammad-Taghi Joghataei, Basel K Al-Ramadi, Capucine Picard, Nima Parvaneh, Nima Rezaei, Talal Chatila, Michel J Massaad, Sevgi Keles, Lennart Hammarström, Raif S Geha, Asghar Aghamohammadi
BACKGROUND: Combined immunodeficiencies (CIDs) are diseases of defective adaptive immunity with diverse clinical phenotypes. Although CIDs are more prevalent in the Middle East than Western countries, the resources for genetic diagnosis are limited. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to characterize the categories of CID patients in Iran clinically and genetically. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 696 patients with CIDs. Patients were subdivided into those with syndromic (344 patients) and non-syndromic CIDs (352 patients)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872970/interleukin-4-and-interleukin-10-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani, Amene Saghazadeh, Shirin Moossavi, Maryam Sadr, Sepideh Shahkarami, Samaneh Soltani, Elham Farhadi, Nima Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Changes in cytokine expression have been frequently found in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Cytokine values outside the normal range may be somewhat related to common polymorphisms within cytokine genes. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the possible association between polymorphisms within Interleukin IL-4 and IL-10 genes and susceptibility to and clinical features of IBD. METHODS: The study population was composed of 140 healthy controls and 75 patients with IBD (40 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 35 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC))...
October 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843235/association-of-the-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-the-genes-encoding-il-2-and-ifn-%C3%AE-with-febrile-seizure
#10
Amin Shahrokhi, Ameneh Zare-Shahabadi, Mohammad Naeimi Poor, Firouzeh Sajedi, Samaneh Soltani, Samaneh Zoghi, Reza Shervin Badv, Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Nima Rezaei
Inflammatory elements and genetics have major roles in febrile seizures (FS) pathogenesis. Seventy patients were enrolled and compared with 139 controls. The allele and genotype frequency of the IL-2 gene at -330 and +166 positions and the IFN-γ at +874 position were determined. A significant positive association with GG genotype at position -330 in the patient group was found (P=0.003). Further, a positive association was detected in simple and complex FS groups at the same position (P=0.03, P=0.004). IL-2 GT haplotype was significantly more common in the patients compared to controls (P=0...
June 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795649/immunotherapy-of-cancers-comes-of-age
#11
Hila Yousefi, Jianda Yuan, Mahsa Keshavarz-Fathi, Joseph F Murphy, Nima Rezaei
Cancer immunotherapy has evolved and is aimed at generating the efficacious therapeutic modality to enhance the specificity and power of the immune system to combat tumors. Areas covered: Current efforts in cancer immunotherapy fall into three main approaches. One approach is through the blockade of immune checkpoints, another approach is through adoptive cellular therapy, and the last approach is through vaccination. The goal of this review is to summarize the current understanding and status of cancer immunotherapy in these three categories...
October 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745901/prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-of-310-diseases-and-injuries-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#12
Shirin Djalalinia, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Saeid Shahraz, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher J L Murray, Theo Vos, Ali H Mokhdad, Kris Krohn, Goodarz Danaei, Ashkan Afshin, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Niloofar Peykari, Nazila Rezaei, Gholamreza Roshandel, Chante Karimkhani, Babak Moazen, Farshad Pourmalek, Ali Reza Esteghamati, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Marzieh Katibeh, Hamid Ahmadieh, Sare Safi, Mostafa Qorbani, Farhad Islami, Ardeshir Khosravi, Mohammad Sadegh Hasanvand, Mahdi Mahdavi, Aliasghar A Kiadaliri, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed M Karimi, Alireza Mohammadi, Hamid Asayesh, Reza Assadi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Pouria Heydarpour, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Saeid Safiri, Amir Kasaeian, Bagher Larijani, Reza Malekzadeh, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Due to significant achievements in reducing mortality and increasing life expectancy, the issue of disability from diseases and injuries, and their related interventions, has become one of the most important concerns of health-related research. METHODS: Using data obtained from the GBD 2015 study, the present report provides prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) of 310 diseases and injuries by sex and age in Iran and neighboring countries over the period 1990-2015...
July 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724278/reductions-in-eosinophil-biomarkers-by-benralizumab-in-patients-with-asthma
#13
COMMENT
Mirhojjat Khorasanizadeh, Mahsa Eskian, Nima Rezaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716727/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-links-autism-and-toxic-metals-and-highlights-the-impact-of-country-development-status-higher-blood-and-erythrocyte-levels-for-mercury-and-lead-and-higher-hair-antimony-cadmium-lead-and-mercury
#14
REVIEW
Amene Saghazadeh, Nima Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder that affects cognitive and higher cognitive functions. Increasing prevalence of ASD and high rates of related comorbidities has caused serious health loss and placed an onerous burden on the supporting families, caregivers, and health care services. Heavy metals are among environmental factors that may contribute to ASD. However, due to inconsistencies across studies, it is still hard to explain the association between ASD and toxic metals...
October 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665792/status-of-essential-elements-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Amene Saghazadeh, Narges Ahangari, Kasra Hendi, Fatemeh Saleh, Nima Rezaei
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that imposes heavy financial burden on governments and families of affected children. It is considered a multifactorial condition, where trace elements are among environmental factors that may contribute to ASD. Meanwhile, the between-study variance is high. The present systematic review was designed to investigate the difference in trace element measures between patients with ASD and control subjects. Meta-analyses showed that the hair concentrations of chromium (p=0...
October 26, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597685/a-gain-of-function-mutation-of-stat1-a-novel-genetic-factor-contributing-to-chronic-mucocutaneous-candidiasis
#16
Narges Eslami, Marzieh Tavakol, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Mohammad Gharegozlou, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Anne Puel, Satoshi Okada, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Morteza Fallahpour, Rasool Molatefi, Farhad Seif, Samaneh Zoghi, Nima Rezaei, Mohammad Nabavi
Heterozygous gain-of-function (GOF) mutations in the signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) have increasingly been identified as a genetic cause of autosomal-dominant (AD) chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC). In this article, we describe a 33-year-old man who experienced chronic refractory candidiasis, recurrent otitis media, and pneumonia resulting in bronchiectasis, severe oral and esophageal candidiases with strictures associated with hypothyroidism and immune hemolytic anemia. His son also suffered from persistent candidiasis, chronic diarrhea, poor weight gain, and pneumonia that resulted in his demise because of sepsis...
June 1, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578651/immunomodulatory-effect-of-g2013-a-l-guluronic-acid-on-thetlr2-and-tlr4-in-human-mononuclear-cells
#17
Laleh Sharifi, Monireh Mohsenzadegan, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Nima Rezaei, Farzaneh Tofighi Zavareh, Saied Bokaie, Mona Moshiri, Gholamreza Azizi, Abbas Mirshafiey, Zahra Aghazadeh
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling have been established as a new method for development of anti-inflammatory drugs instead of NSAIDs (non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs). Since the immunomodulatory role of G2013 was reported in some recent experiments, we decided to assess the effects of G2013 (a-L-Guluronic acid) on the protein expression of TLR2 and TLR4, their downstream signaling cascade, and the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
June 4, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535416/the-role-of-timing-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-cord-injury
#18
REVIEW
Amene Saghazadeh, Nima Rezaei
Regeneration failure after primary spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to diverse clinical complications in a severity- and level of SCI-dependent manner. The cost of treating both of them (initial regeneration failure and following complications) would be prohibitive, particularly in less developed nations. The well-recognized circumstances arose from primary SCI include excitotoxicity and inflammation. SCI increases concentrations of extracellular amino acids (EAAs) in the severity-dependent manner and the maximum level of EAAs at the injury site will be reduced by distance from the injury site...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532139/systemic-amyloidosis-in-a-teenage-boy-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Farzaneh Motamed, Rita Bagherian, Gholamhossin Adalat, Mohammad Hassan Moradinejad, Nilofar Hajizadeh, Mohammad Vasei, Mehrzad Mehdizadeh, Nima Rezaei
Systemic amyloidosis is a very rare complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The reported cases of secondary amyloidosis in children with IBD are much fewer than those reported in adults. Herein, a teenage boy with Crohn's disease is presented who developed nephrotic syndrome due to renal involvement secondary to amyloidosis, whereas the patient was under treatment with corticosteroid and 6-mercaptopurine. To our best knowledge, this is the first reported case of secondary amyloidosis in a teenage Iranian boy with Crohn's disease...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524764/lack-of-association-between-stat4-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-iranian-juvenile-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#20
Saeed Aslani, Mahdi Mahmoudi, Arash Salmaninejad, Shiva Poursani, Vahid Ziaee, Nima Rezaei
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a common chronic systemic autoimmune disease in children. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) gene are suspected to have association with the risk of autoimmune diseases. Previous investigations have indicated that the STAT4 rs7574865 T allele was significantly associated with rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association of STAT4 SNPs with JRA in Iranian population. T allele of STAT4 rs7574865 SNP was less frequent in patients than in controls, and the difference was not significant (p = 0...
June 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
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