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Alpha macroglobulin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453489/changes-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-peptides-due-to-tauopathy
#1
Petra Majerova, Peter Barath, Alena Michalicova, Stanislav Katina, Michal Novak, Andrej Kovac
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and progressive supranuclear palsy are two common neurodegenerative tauopathies, and the most common cause of progressive brain dementia in elderly affecting more than 35 million people. The tauopathies are characterized by abnormal deposition of microtubule associated protein tau into intracellular neurofibrillary tangles composed mainly of the hyperphosphorylated form of the protein. The diagnosis of tauopathies is based on the presence of clinical features and pathological changes...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449136/-alpha-2-macroglobulin-serum-level-in-patients-with-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#2
V Kotke, S Wiedmann, C Nell, C Vogelmeier, R Bals, T Greulich, A Klemmer
Background and objectives Alpha-2 Macroglobulin (A2M) is a plasma protein with proteolytic effects on many proteases. In patients with an inborn alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) the homeostasis between proteases and antiproteases is disturbed. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of AAT and A2 M in patients and controls. We hypothesized that in patients with AATD A2 M levels are elevated. Methods Patients with AATD (polymorphism Pi*ZZ, Pi*SZ, Pi*MZ and rare gene variants) as well as healthy volunteers (Pi*MM) were tested for A2 M and AAT levels...
April 27, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418219/alpha-2-macroglobulin-as-a-region-specific-secretory-protein-in-male-reproductive-tract-and-its-dynamics-during-sperm-transit-towards-the-female-spermatheca-in-the-blue-crab
#3
Thanyaporn Senarai, Rapeepun Vanichviriyakit, Shinji Miyata, Chihiro Sato, Prapee Sretarugsa, Wattana Weerachatyanukul, Ken Kitajima
A 250-kDa protein was isolated from fluid in the middle spermatic duct (MSD) of the blue crab (Portunus pelagicus). N-terminal and partial amino acid sequences revealed that this MSD-specific protein is high similar to the plasma-enriched protein Alpha-2 macroglobulin (α2M). The P. pelagicus ortholog (Ppα2M) is a large glycoprotein possessing mannose and N-acetylglucosamine chains. Ppa2m mRNA was detected in the spermatic duct, androgenic gland, and hematopoietic tissue, whereas the protein was primarily observed in the apical cytoplasm of MSD epithelium and in the matrix of the acrosome of MSD sperm; however, distally within spermatic duct, Ppα2M was lost from the sperm membrane but remained in the sperm acrosome...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196471/characterization-and-expression-profiling-of-serine-protease-inhibitors-in-the-diamondback-moth-plutella-xylostella-lepidoptera-plutellidae
#4
Hailan Lin, Xijian Lin, Jiwei Zhu, Xiao-Qiang Yu, Xiaofeng Xia, Fengluan Yao, Guang Yang, Minsheng You
BACKGROUND: Serine protease inhibitors (SPIs) have been found in all living organisms and play significant roles in digestion, development and innate immunity. In this study, we present a genome-wide identification and expression profiling of SPI genes in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), a major pest of cruciferous crops with global distribution and broad resistance to different types of insecticides. RESULTS: A total of 61 potential SPI genes were identified in the P...
February 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187400/can-c-reactive-protein-inform-antidepressant-medication-selection-in-depressed-outpatients-findings-from-the-co-med-trial
#5
Manish K Jha, Abu Minhajuddin, Bharathi S Gadad, Tracy Greer, Bruce Grannemann, Abigail Soyombo, Taryn L Mayes, A John Rush, Madhukar H Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: Currently, no valid measures inform treatment selection for depressed patients. Whether C-reactive protein (CRP) in particular and two other acute phase reactants (inflammatory markers) could differentiate between patients responding to either of two treatments with different mechanisms of action was assessed. METHOD: Subjects included Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes (CO-MED) trial participants randomly assigned to either escitalopram plus placebo (SSRI monotherapy, n=51) or bupropion plus escitalopram combination (bupropion-SSRI combination, n=55) with baseline plasma samples...
April 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145509/serum-protein-changes-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-pain-show-a-correlation-between-animal-and-humans
#6
Elisa Bellei, Antonietta Vilella, Emanuela Monari, Stefania Bergamini, Aldo Tomasi, Aurora Cuoghi, Simona Guerzoni, Letizia Manca, Michele Zoli, Luigi Alberto Pini
In previous works we showed the overexpression of some proteins in biological fluids from patients suffering chronic pain. In this proteomic study we analysed serum from a rat model of neuropathic pain obtained by the chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve, at two time intervals, 2 and 5 weeks after the insult, to find proteins involved in the expression or mediation of pain. Sham-operated and CCI rats were treated with saline or indomethacin. Two weeks after ligation, we identified three serum proteins overexpressed in CCI rats, two of which, alpha-1-macroglobulin and vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP), remained increased 5 weeks post-surgery; at this time interval, we found increased levels of further proteins, namely apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1), apolipoprotein E (APOE), prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase (PTGDS) and transthyretin (TTR), that overlap the overexpressed proteins found in humans...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087279/alpha-2-macroglobulin-and-heparin-cofactor-ii-and-the-vulnerability-of-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaques-an-itraq-based-analysis
#7
Jinmao Li, Xi Liu, Ying Xiang, Xueying Ding, Teng Wang, Ying Liu, Maojia Yin, Changhong Tan, Fen Deng, Lifen Chen
Rupture of carotid atherosclerotic plaque may cause stroke, while few biomarker in clinic can evaluate carotid plaque vulnerability. In this study, we divided the recruited participants into no plaque, stable plaque, and vulnerable plaque group according to carotid ultrasonography, and screened the differentially expressed proteins in plasma of these participants using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. 28 proteins were identified differentially expressed, among which alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were found to be at hub position in the interactions of these proteins by STRING analysis and were selected for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay measurement to assess their relevance with carotid plaques vulnerability and diagnostic efficiency...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073367/no-convincing-association-between-genetic-markers-and-respiratory-symptoms-results-of-a-gwa-study
#8
Xiang Zeng, Judith M Vonk, Kim de Jong, Xijin Xu, Xia Huo, H Marike Boezen
BACKGROUND: Respiratory symptoms are associated with accelerated lung function decline, and increased hospitalization and mortality rates in the general population. Although several environmental risk factors for respiratory symptoms are known, knowledge on genetic risk factors is lacking. We aim to identify genetic variants associated with respiratory symptoms by genome-wide association (GWA) analyses. METHODS: We conducted the first GWA study on cough, dyspnea and phlegm among 7,976 participants in the LifeLines I cohort and used the LifeLines II cohort (n = 5,260) and the Vlagtwedde-Vlaardingen cohort (n = 1,529) for replication...
January 10, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055129/long-term-ethanol-exposure-decreases-the-endotoxin-induced-hepatic-acute-phase-response-in-rats
#9
Emilie Glavind, Hendrik Vilstrup, Henning Grønbaek, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit, Nils Erik Magnusson, Karen Louise Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Long-term excess alcohol intake predisposes to infectious diseases. The hepatic acute phase response is a component of the innate immune system and is part of the first line of defense against invading pathogens, which may be compromised by alcohol. We aimed to investigate whether an induced acute phase response is impaired in long-term ethanol-fed rats. METHODS: For six weeks, rats were either fed a Lieber-DeCarli ethanol-containing (36% as calories) liquid diet ad libitum or calorically pair-fed...
January 5, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027986/alpha-2-macroglobulin-is-a-modulator-of-prophenoloxidase-system-in-pacific-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamai
#10
Sirikwan Ponprateep, Tipachai Vatanavicharn, Chu Fang Lo, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Vichien Rimphanitchayakit
The shrimp multifunctional protein alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M) is abundantly expressed in plasma, highly up-regulated upon microbial infection and involved in several immune pathways such as blood clotting system, phagocytosis and melanization. Herein, the function of LvA2M from Litopenaeus vannamei on the prophenoloxidase (proPO) system is reported. The recombinant (r)LvA2M produced strongly and specifically inhibited trypsin and the PO activity in shrimp plasma in a dose-dependent manner. Silencing of LvA2M led to an increase in the PO activity in shrimp plasma although the expression of proPO-associated genes, proPO-activating enzyme (PPAE) and prophenoloxidase (proPO) but not the proPO-activating factor (PPAF) was down-regulated...
March 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025641/itraq-based-proteomics-identification-of-serum-biomarkers-of-two-chronic-hepatitis-b-subtypes-diagnosed-by-traditional-chinese-medicine
#11
Jiankun Yang, Lichao Yang, Baixue Li, Weilong Zhou, Sen Zhong, Zhenhua Zhuang, Bin Yang, Maoshan Chen, Quansheng Feng
Background. Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a leading cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. By traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) pattern classification, damp heat stasis in the middle-jiao (DHSM) and liver Qi stagnation and spleen deficiency (LSSD) are two most common subtypes of CHB. Results. In this study, we employed iTRAQ proteomics technology to identify potential serum protein biomarkers in 30 LSSD-CHB and 30 DHSM-CHB patients. Of the total 842 detected proteins, 273 and 345 were differentially expressed in LSSD-CHB and DHSM-CHB patients compared to healthy controls, respectively...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011341/how-schistosomes-alter-the-human-serum-proteome
#12
Akram A Da'dara, Giles Siddons, Melissa Icaza, Qiang Wang, Patrick J Skelly
Schistosomes are intravascular parasitic worms that cause the debilitating disease schistosomiasis. To better understand how these long-lived parasites may subvert host immune and hemostatic capabilities, we examine here the impact of adult Schistosoma mansoni worms on the human serum proteome. Normal human serum (150μl) was incubated at 37°C for one hour either in the presence or absence of adult worms (∼50 pairs). Thereafter parasites were removed, serum samples were labeled and their proteins resolved for comparative analysis by 2D-Differential in-Gel Electrophoresis (2D-DIGE)...
December 21, 2016: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872486/alpha-2-macroglobulin-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-marker-of-neuronal-injury-through-the-rcan1-pathway
#13
V R Varma, S Varma, Y An, T J Hohman, S Seddighi, R Casanova, A Beri, E B Dammer, N T Seyfried, O Pletnikova, A Moghekar, M R Wilson, J J Lah, R J O'Brien, A I Levey, J C Troncoso, M S Albert, M Thambisetty
Preclinical changes that precede the onset of symptoms and eventual diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are a target for potential preventive interventions. A large body of evidence suggests that inflammation is closely associated with AD pathogenesis and may be a promising target pathway for such interventions. However, little is known about the association between systemic inflammation and preclinical AD pathophysiology. We first examined whether the acute-phase protein, alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M), a major component of the innate immune system, was associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of neuronal injury in preclinical AD and risk of incident AD in the predictors of cognitive decline among normal individuals (BIOCARD) cohort...
January 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846748/beneficial-effects-of-natural-eggshell-membrane-nem-on-multiple-indices-of-arthritis-in-collagen-induced-arthritic-rats
#14
Karen J Wedekind, Kevin J Ruff, Cindy A Atwell, Joseph L Evans, Alison M Bendele
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to evaluate the potential efficacy of natural eggshell membrane (NEM) in collagen-induced arthritic rats, a well-established rodent model of inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Rats with developing type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were treated once daily by oral gavage on study days -14 to 17 with vehicle or NEM (52 mg/kg body weight). Rats were euthanized on study day 17. Efficacy was assessed by daily ankle caliper measurements, ankle diameter expressed as area under the curve (AUCd0-17), and histopathologic evaluation of ankles and knees...
December 21, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815023/comparative-analysis-of-the-serum-proteome-for-biomarker-discovery-to-reveal-hepatotoxicity-induced-by-iron-ion-radiation-in-mice
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hongyan Li, Yuxuan He, Cuixia Di, Jiawei Yan, Hong Zhang
AIMS: Proteomic analysis of serum biomarkers to determine liver toxicity after exposure to cosmic radiation has not been performed previously. This study was to identify serum biomarkers associated with hepatotoxicity following exposure to iron ion radiation. MAIN METHODS: Male mice were whole-body irradiated with a 2grayunit (Gy) iron ion beam, and after 3months, serum and liver samples were collected. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) was used to separate the identified serum proteins, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-TOF) was performed to identify differentially expressed proteins...
December 15, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809461/differentially-expressed-serum-proteins-associated-with-calcium-regulation-and-hypocalcemia-in-dairy-cows
#16
Shi Shu, Yunlong Bai, Gang Wang, Xinhuan Xiao, Ziling Fan, Jiang Zhang, Chang Zhao, Yang Zhao, Cheng Xia, Hongyou Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Hypocalcemia is an important metabolic disease of dairy cows during the transition period, although the effect of hypocalcemia on biological function in dairy cows remains unknown. METHODS: In this study, proteomic, mass spectrum, bioinformatics and western blotting were employed to identify differentially expressed proteins related to serum Ca concentration. Serum samples from dairy cows were collected at three time points: 3rd days before calving (day -3), the day of calving (day 0), and 3rd days after calving (day +3)...
June 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787755/antimicrobial-peptide-isolated-from-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-k14-revitalizes-its-use-in-combinatorial-drug-therapy
#17
Sudip Regmi, Yun Hee Choi, Yoon Seok Choi, Mi Ri Kim, Jin Cheol Yoo
The present study was performed to evaluate the antibacterial activities of an antimicrobial peptide (CSpK14) and the synergies thereof with β-lactams against vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) and Enterococci (VRE). Our strain was isolated from fermented food (kimchi), which is 99.79 % homologous with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum FZB42(T). CSpK14 was purified to homogeneity by diammonium sulfate precipitation, concentration, dialysis, and followed by two-stage chromatographic separation, i...
March 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743359/the-use-of-multiple-reaction-monitoring-on-qqq-ms-for-the-analysis-of-protein-and-site-specific-glycosylation-patterns-in-serum
#18
L Renee Ruhaak
In recent years, high-throughput glycomics approaches have been developed and applied to either complete biofluids, cell lysates or tissues, or proteins isolated thereof. However, during such analyses the N-glycan are released from the protein backbone and therefore site- and protein-specific information is lost. There exists a need for high-throughput methods that allow quantification of site- and protein-specific glycosylation patterns from complex biological mixtures. We here describe the use of a multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry based method for the generation of glycopeptide profiles of the nine high abundance glycoproteins IgG, IgA, IgM, haptoglobin, alpha-1-antitrypsin, alpha-2-macroglobulin, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, transferrin, and complement C3...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27674774/alpha-2-macroglobulin-as-a-radioprotective-factor-in-patients-undergoing-thoracic-radiation
#19
D von Reibnitz, E D Yorke, J H Oh, A Apte, A J Wu, M Fleisher, E Gelb, J O Deasy, A Rimner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579823/biomarkers-predictive-of-exacerbations-in-the-spiromics-and-copdgene-cohorts
#20
Jason D Keene, Sean Jacobson, Katerina Kechris, Gregory L Kinney, Marilyn G Foreman, Claire M Doerschuk, Barry J Make, Jeffrey L Curtis, Stephen I Rennard, R Graham Barr, Eugene R Bleecker, Richard E Kanner, Eric C Kleerup, Nadia N Hansel, Prescott G Woodruff, MeiLan K Han, Robert Paine, Fernando J Martinez, Russell P Bowler, Wanda K O'Neal
RATIONALE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations are associated with disease progression, higher healthcare cost, and increased mortality. Published predictors of future exacerbations include previous exacerbation, airflow obstruction, poor overall health, home oxygen use, and gastroesophageal reflux. OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of adding blood biomarkers to clinical variables to predict exacerbations. METHODS: Subjects from the SPIROMICS (Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcomes Measures in COPD Study) (n = 1,544) and COPDGene (Genetic Epidemiology of COPD) (n = 602) cohorts had 90 plasma or serum candidate proteins measured on study entry using Myriad-RBM multiplex panels...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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