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Alpha macroglobulin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627459/peripheral-blood-gene-expression-of-acute-phase-proteins-in-people-with-first-episode-psychosis
#1
Jie Yin Yee, Milawaty Nurjono, Wai Yee Ng, Stephanie Ruth Teo, Tih-Shih Lee, Jimmy Lee
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the association between schizophrenia and the activation of inflammatory system with signs of acute phase (AP) response. Majority of such studies had focused on C-reactive protein (CRP). The aims of the present study were (i) to examine the gene expression profiles of other acute phase proteins (APP), namely haptoglobin (HP), alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1T), and alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M) in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) over a period of three months and (ii) to explore the association between APP levels and severity of symptoms...
June 13, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601647/metalloproteomic-and-differential-expression-in-plasma-in-a-rat-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#2
Camila Pereira Braga, José Cavalcante Souza Vieira, Aline de Lima Leite, Ana Angélica Henrique Fernandes, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Pedro de Magalhães Padilha
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by hyperglycemia, which in the chronic stage is associated with abnormalities in lipids, protein and, carbohydrate metabolism, as well as oxidative stress. New strategies for prevention and treatment are needed, as type 1 diabetes affects life quality and survival, and involves high-cost treatment. Proteomic and metalloproteomic studies can elucidate the functional and physiological aspects of biomolecules. In the present study, differential proteomics was used to identify potential biomarkers of diabetes in rat plasma associated with copper, selenium, zinc, and magnesium fractionation in control and diabetic rats, as well as diabetic rats treated with insulin...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600207/conformational-behavior-of-alpha-2-macroglobulin-aggregation-and-inhibition-induced-by-tfe
#3
Ahmed Abdur Rehman, Masihuz Zaman, Mohammad Khalid Zia, Haseeb Ahsan, Rizwan Hasan Khan, Fahim Halim Khan
Alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M), a pan-proteinase inhibitor, inhibits a variety of endogenous and exogenous proteinases and constitutes an important part of body's innate defense system. In the present study, we explored how trifluoroethanol (TFE) may modulate the structure, antiproteinase activity and aggregation of α2M. TFE was sequentially added over a range of 0-20% (v/v) and the effects induced were studied by activity assay, intrinsic fluorescence, ANS fluorescence, circular dichroism, turbidity assay, Rayleigh scattering measurement and ThT fluorescence measurement...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592917/persistent-unresolved-inflammation-in-the-mecp2-308-female-mutated-mouse-model-of-rett-syndrome
#4
Alessio Cortelazzo, Claudio De Felice, Bianca De Filippis, Laura Ricceri, Giovanni Laviola, Silvia Leoncini, Cinzia Signorini, Monica Pescaglini, Roberto Guerranti, Anna Maria Timperio, Lello Zolla, Lucia Ciccoli, Joussef Hayek
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder usually caused by mutations in the X-linked gene methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2). Several Mecp2 mutant mouse lines have been developed recapitulating part of the clinical features. In particular, Mecp2-308 female heterozygous mice, bearing a truncating mutation, are a validated model of the disease. While recent data suggest a role for inflammation in RTT, little information on the inflammatory status in murine models of the disease is available...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570120/characterization-of-the-coagulation-profile-in-children-with-liver-disease-and-extrahepatic-portal-vein-obstruction-or-shunt
#5
William Beattie, Maria Magnusson, Winita Hardikar, Paul Monagle, Vera Ignjatovic
INTRODUCTION: Chronic liver disease causes a disruption of procoagulant and anticoagulant factors, resulting in a fragile state, prone to increased rates of both bleeding and thrombosis. Currently, there is limited literature describing the changes observed in pediatric liver disease and extrahepatic portal vein obstruction or shunt. This study aimed to describe the changes that occur in children with chronic liver disease and extrahepatic portal vein obstruction or shunt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured the concentration and activity of key procoagulant and anticoagulant factors in children with liver disease, children with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction or shunt, and healthy children...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561948/identification-of-fucosylated-fetuin-a-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-cholangiocarcinoma
#6
Lucy Betesh, Mary Ann Comunale, Mengjun Wang, Hongyan Liang, Julie Hafner, Aykan Karabudak, Nasra H Giama, Catherine D Moser, Eiji Miyoshi, Lewis R Roberts, Timothy M Block, Anand Mehta
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Cholangiocarcinoma is a cancer of bile duct cells for which no effective biomarker exists. Tumor masses are often not identifiable by imaging modalities as a result of the location of the tumor in the hilum of the liver or within the bile ducts. Because of the problems with obtaining a definitive tissue diagnosis, treatment and management decisions for patients with biliary strictures that may be malignant are difficult. The work presented here highlights the potential role of fucosylated fetuin-A as a biomarker of cholangiocarcinoma and may help in the early detection of this deadly cancer...
May 31, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558995/cellular-uptake-of-coagulation-factor-viii-elusive-role-of-the-membrane-binding-spikes-in-the-c1-domain
#7
Lydia Castro-Núñez, Johanna M Koornneef, Mariska G Rondaij, Esther Bloem, Carmen van der Zwaan, Koen Mertens, Alexander B Meijer, Henriet Meems
Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is involved in the catabolism of many ligands, including factor VIII (FVIII) and alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M). Transfer of FVIII to LRP1 is currently believed to be preceded by pre-concentration on the cell surface, by interacting with a so far unidentified component. In the present study, we used confocal microscopy and flow cytometry to compare endocytosis of FVIII and α2M using U87MG cells. The results show that α2M is rapidly internalized and does not compete for LRP1 mediated internalization of FVIII...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513463/alzheimer-s-disease-against-peptides-products-of-enzymatic-cleavage-app-protein-biological-pathobiological-and-physico-chemical-properties-of-fibrillating-peptides
#8
Małgorzata Marszałek
Various peptides products of enzymatic cleavage of key for Alzheimer's disease Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) are well known, but still are matter of scientific debate. The Aβ type products are especially challenging for experimental and medical research. This paper outlines several, still poorly known, biological and medical processes such as peptides biology, i.e., formation, biodistribution, translocation, transport and finally removal from brain compartments and body fluids like Intracellular Fluid (ICF), Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), Interstitial Fluid (ISF), blood serum or urine...
May 17, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502560/a-microscale-protocol-for-the-isolation-of-transferrin-directly-from-serum
#9
Ana Penezić, Goran Miljuš, Bojana Milutinović, Olgica Nedić
A microscale procedure for the isolation of transferrin directly from human serum (hTf) is described in this study. The protocol is based on three precipitation steps without application of chromatography. It lasts 90min with the initial sample volume of 250μL. The yield of the isolated hTf is 58%, which is considerable in biochemical terms. The purity of the isolated hTf is 97%, as assessed by three methods: electrophoresis followed by protein staining, immunoblotting and HPLC. Immunoblotting with antibodies against other major serum proteins indicated that isolated hTf does not contain albumin, immunoglobulin G or alpha-2-macroglobulin...
May 11, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469399/a-novel-biomarker-panel-to-identify-steroid-resistance-in-childhood-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#10
Michael R Bennett, LaTawnya Pleasant, Christopher Haffner, Qing Ma, Wendy D Haffey, Jun Ying, Michael Wagner, Kenneth D Greis, Prasad Devarajan
Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerular disorder of childhood. Response to initial treatment with corticosteroids is an indicator of prognosis, as resistant patients often present more progressive disease. In this cross-sectional pilot study, we set out to discover a panel of noninvasive biomarkers that could distinguish steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) from steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS). Information gleaned from such a panel could yield more individualized treatment plans and prevent unnecessary steroid exposure in patients unlikely to respond...
2017: Biomarker Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454818/plasma-immune-protein-analysis-in-the-orange-spotted-grouper-epinephelus-coioides-evidence-for-altered-expressions-of-immune-factors-associated-with-a-choline-supplemented-diet
#11
Ya-Li Shiu, Kuo-Hsun Chiu, Truong-Giang Huynh, Ping-Chung Liu, Chun-Hung Liu
This study aimed to unravel the regulatory roles of choline in activating immune responses and disease resistance of the orange-spotted grouper Epinephelus coioides. Fish were fed a choline-supplemented diet at 1 g kg(-1) of feed for 30 days. Fish fed a fish meal basal diet without choline-supplement served as controls. At the end of the feeding trial, fish were challenged with Vibrio alginolyticus. Meanwhile, plasma proteomics of fish in each group were also evaluated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), and differentially expressed proteins were identified by tandem mass spectrophotometry (MS/MS), then a Western blot analysis or real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to confirm differential expressions of immune-enhancing proteins...
April 25, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453489/changes-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-peptides-due-to-tauopathy
#12
Petra Majerova, Peter Barath, Alena Michalicova, Stanislav Katina, Michal Novak, Andrej Kovac
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and progressive supranuclear palsy are two common neurodegenerative tauopathies, and the most common cause of progressive brain dementia in elderly affecting more than 35 million people. The tauopathies are characterized by abnormal deposition of microtubule associated protein tau into intracellular neurofibrillary tangles composed mainly of the hyperphosphorylated form of the protein. The diagnosis of tauopathies is based on the presence of clinical features and pathological changes...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452727/-the-influence-of-lifestyle-on-biomarkers-of-fibrosis-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-heart-disease-on-the-background-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#13
N Virstyuk, I Vakalyuk
Purpose - to assess the impact of lifestyle on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) activity by influencing the fibrotic processes and hepatic steatosis in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). 105 patients with stable CHD, combined with NAFLD were observed: Group I - control group; Group II - basic group. In each group, patients with non-alcoholic steatosis (subgroup A) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (subgroup B) were isolated. General clinical examination, electrocardiography, coronary angiography, echocardiography, liver functional state, serum lipid profile, fasting glucose, markers of fibrosis were conducted to all patients...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449136/-alpha-2-macroglobulin-serum-level-in-patients-with-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#14
V Kotke, S Wiedmann, C Nell, C Vogelmeier, R Bals, T Greulich, A Klemmer
Background and objectives Alpha-2 Macroglobulin (A2M) is a plasma protein with proteolytic effects on many proteases. In patients with an inborn alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) the homeostasis between proteases and antiproteases is disturbed. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of AAT and A2 M in patients and controls. We hypothesized that in patients with AATD A2 M levels are elevated. Methods Patients with AATD (polymorphism Pi*ZZ, Pi*SZ, Pi*MZ and rare gene variants) as well as healthy volunteers (Pi*MM) were tested for A2 M and AAT levels...
April 27, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418219/alpha-2-macroglobulin-as-a-region-specific-secretory-protein-in-male-reproductive-tract-and-its-dynamics-during-sperm-transit-toward-the-female-spermatheca-in-the-blue-crab
#15
Thanyaporn Senarai, Rapeepun Vanichviriyakit, Shinji Miyata, Chihiro Sato, Prapee Sretarugsa, Wattana Weerachatyanukul, Ken Kitajima
A 250-kDa protein was isolated from fluid in the middle spermatic duct (MSD) of the blue crab (Portunus pelagicus). N-terminal and partial amino acid sequences revealed that this MSD-specific protein is highly similar to the plasma-enriched protein Alpha-2 macroglobulin (α2M). The P. pelagicus ortholog (Ppα2M) is a large glycoprotein possessing mannose and N-acetylglucosamine residues. Ppa2m mRNA was detected in the spermatic duct, androgenic gland, and hematopoietic tissue, whereas the protein was primarily observed in the apical cytoplasm of MSD epithelium and in the matrix of the acrosome of MSD sperm; distally within spermatic duct, Ppα2M was lost from the sperm membrane but remained in the sperm acrosome...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196471/characterization-and-expression-profiling-of-serine-protease-inhibitors-in-the-diamondback-moth-plutella-xylostella-lepidoptera-plutellidae
#16
Hailan Lin, Xijian Lin, Jiwei Zhu, Xiao-Qiang Yu, Xiaofeng Xia, Fengluan Yao, Guang Yang, Minsheng You
BACKGROUND: Serine protease inhibitors (SPIs) have been found in all living organisms and play significant roles in digestion, development and innate immunity. In this study, we present a genome-wide identification and expression profiling of SPI genes in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), a major pest of cruciferous crops with global distribution and broad resistance to different types of insecticides. RESULTS: A total of 61 potential SPI genes were identified in the P...
February 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187400/can-c-reactive-protein-inform-antidepressant-medication-selection-in-depressed-outpatients-findings-from-the-co-med-trial
#17
Manish K Jha, Abu Minhajuddin, Bharathi S Gadad, Tracy Greer, Bruce Grannemann, Abigail Soyombo, Taryn L Mayes, A John Rush, Madhukar H Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: Currently, no valid measures inform treatment selection for depressed patients. Whether C-reactive protein (CRP) in particular and two other acute phase reactants (inflammatory markers) could differentiate between patients responding to either of two treatments with different mechanisms of action was assessed. METHOD: Subjects included Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes (CO-MED) trial participants randomly assigned to either escitalopram plus placebo (SSRI monotherapy, n=51) or bupropion plus escitalopram combination (bupropion-SSRI combination, n=55) with baseline plasma samples...
April 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145509/serum-protein-changes-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-pain-show-a-correlation-between-animal-and-humans
#18
Elisa Bellei, Antonietta Vilella, Emanuela Monari, Stefania Bergamini, Aldo Tomasi, Aurora Cuoghi, Simona Guerzoni, Letizia Manca, Michele Zoli, Luigi Alberto Pini
In previous works we showed the overexpression of some proteins in biological fluids from patients suffering chronic pain. In this proteomic study we analysed serum from a rat model of neuropathic pain obtained by the chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve, at two time intervals, 2 and 5 weeks after the insult, to find proteins involved in the expression or mediation of pain. Sham-operated and CCI rats were treated with saline or indomethacin. Two weeks after ligation, we identified three serum proteins overexpressed in CCI rats, two of which, alpha-1-macroglobulin and vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP), remained increased 5 weeks post-surgery; at this time interval, we found increased levels of further proteins, namely apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1), apolipoprotein E (APOE), prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase (PTGDS) and transthyretin (TTR), that overlap the overexpressed proteins found in humans...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087279/alpha-2-macroglobulin-and-heparin-cofactor-ii-and-the-vulnerability-of-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaques-an-itraq-based-analysis
#19
Jinmao Li, Xi Liu, Ying Xiang, Xueying Ding, Teng Wang, Ying Liu, Maojia Yin, Changhong Tan, Fen Deng, Lifen Chen
Rupture of carotid atherosclerotic plaque may cause stroke, while few biomarker in clinic can evaluate carotid plaque vulnerability. In this study, we divided the recruited participants into no plaque, stable plaque, and vulnerable plaque group according to carotid ultrasonography, and screened the differentially expressed proteins in plasma of these participants using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. 28 proteins were identified differentially expressed, among which alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were found to be at hub position in the interactions of these proteins by STRING analysis and were selected for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay measurement to assess their relevance with carotid plaques vulnerability and diagnostic efficiency...
February 12, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073367/no-convincing-association-between-genetic-markers-and-respiratory-symptoms-results-of-a-gwa-study
#20
Xiang Zeng, Judith M Vonk, Kim de Jong, Xijin Xu, Xia Huo, H Marike Boezen
BACKGROUND: Respiratory symptoms are associated with accelerated lung function decline, and increased hospitalization and mortality rates in the general population. Although several environmental risk factors for respiratory symptoms are known, knowledge on genetic risk factors is lacking. We aim to identify genetic variants associated with respiratory symptoms by genome-wide association (GWA) analyses. METHODS: We conducted the first GWA study on cough, dyspnea and phlegm among 7,976 participants in the LifeLines I cohort and used the LifeLines II cohort (n = 5,260) and the Vlagtwedde-Vlaardingen cohort (n = 1,529) for replication...
January 10, 2017: Respiratory Research
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