keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alpha 2

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431162/risk-of-serious-bacterial-infection-associated-with-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-inhibitors-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#1
Wan-Ju Lee, Todd A Lee, Katie J Suda, Gregory S Calip, Leslie Briars, Glen T Schumock
Objectives.: TNF-α inhibitors (TNFIs) have a black box warning for increased risk of serious infection that was based on evidence from studies of adults. Evidence of the association is lacking for children. We aimed to examine the risk of infection posed by TNFIs compared with DMARDs in children with JIA. Methods.: We conducted a cohort study using the 2009-13 Truven MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database. Children <16 years old with JIA who initiated monotherapy with TNFIs or DMARDs were identified and followed for occurrence of serious bacterial infection requiring hospitalization...
April 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430864/the-gnih-lpxrfa-system-s-regulation-of-reproduction-in-the-brain-pituitary-axis-of-the-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#2
Olivia Smith Spicer, Nilli Zmora, Ten-Tsao Wong, Matan Golan, Berta Levavi-Sivan, Yoav Gothilf, Yonathan Zohar
Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GNIH) was discovered in quail with the ability to reduce gonadotropin expression/secretion in the pituitary. There have been few studies on GNIH orthologs in teleosts (Lpxrfa peptides), which have provided inconsistent results. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine the roles and modes of action by which Lpxrfa exerts its functions in the brain-pituitary axis of zebrafish (Danio rerio). We localized Lpxrfa soma to the ventral hypothalamus, with fibers extending throughout the brain and to the pituitary...
April 18, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430821/dietary-dha-epa-ratio-affected-tissue-fatty-acid-profiles-antioxidant-capacity-hematological-characteristics-and-expression-of-lipid-related-genes-but-not-growth-in-juvenile-black-seabream-acanthopagrus-schlegelii
#3
Min Jin, Óscar Monroig, You Lu, Ye Yuan, Yi Li, Liyun Ding, Douglas R Tocher, Qicun Zhou
An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary docosahexaenoic to eicosapentaenoic acid ratio (DHA/EPA) on growth performance, fatty acid profiles, antioxidant capacity, hematological characteristics and expression of some lipid metabolism related genes of juvenile black seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) of initial weight 9.47 ± 0.03 g. Five isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets (45% crude protein and 14% crude lipid) were formulated to contain graded DHA/EPA ratios of 0.65, 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430631/loss-of-steroid-hormone-receptors-is-common-in-malignant-pleural-and-peritoneal-effusions-of-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-endocrine-therapy
#4
Willemijne A M E Schrijver, Karianne Schuurman, Annelot van Rossum, Ton Peeters, Natalie Ter Hoeve, Wilbert Zwart, Paul J van Diest, Cathy B Moelans
Discordance in estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), progesterone receptor (PR), androgen receptor (AR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status between primary breast cancers and solid distant metastases ("conversion") has been reported previously. Even though metastatic spread to the peritoneal and pleural cavities occurs frequently and is associated with high mortality, the rate of receptor conversion and the prognostic implications thereof remain elusive.We therefore determined receptor conversion in 91 effusion metastases (78 pleural, 13 peritoneal effusions) of 69 patients by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization...
February 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430580/expression-status-of-folate-receptor-alpha-is-a-predictor-of-survival-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#5
Lei Cai, Theodoros Michelakos, Cristina R Ferrone, Liyuan Zhang, Vikram Deshpande, Qi Shen, Albert De Leo, Teppei Yamada, Gong Zhang, Soldano Ferrone, Xinhui Wang
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has one of the poorest prognosis among malignancies. Thus, the identification of markers useful in developing innovative diagnostic and therapeutic methods is an imperative need. Folate receptor alpha (FRα) has been associated with prognosis in several cancers and has served as a target of novel anti-tumor therapies. However, FRα expression in PDAC and its correlation with the clinical course of the disease has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we analyzed FRα expression in 140 PDAC specimens and 7 PDAC cell lines in order to define the significance of FRα expression in PDAC and its potential role as a target for immunotherapy...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429860/safety-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-lixisenatide-in-combination-with-oral-antidiabetic-treatment-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-an-open-label-multicenter-study
#6
Yutaka Seino, Aleksandra Stjepanovic, Akane Takami, Hiroki Takagi
AIM/INTRODUCTION: To assess overall safety and efficacy of lixisenatide in combination with background oral antidiabetic drug treatment in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes, as required by Japanese guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Phase 3, multicenter, uncontrolled, open-label, four-arm, parallel-group study in Japanese outpatients with type 2 diabetes; patients received once-daily lixisenatide in combination with biguanide, thiazolidinedione, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, or glinide (NCT01940965)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429857/ndufa4l2-protects-against-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-by-inhibiting-complex-i
#7
Jianhua Li, Caiyan Bai, Junxia Guo, Wanqian Liang, Jingning Long
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury may cause the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes as well as mitochondrial dysfunction. The aims of the present study were to investigate whether NADH dehydrogenase 1 alpha subcomplex subunit 4-like 2 (NDUFA4L2) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and the underlying molecular mechanism. The hypoxia-reperfusion (H/R) model was established in vitro using H9c2 cells to simulate I/R injury. NDUFA4L2 and complex I expression levels were detected using RT-PCR and western blot...
April 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429097/immunomodulatory-and-therapeutic-role-of-cinnamomum-verum-extracts-in-collagen-induced-arthritic-balb-c-mice
#8
Mirza Muhammad Fahd Qadir, Attya Bhatti, Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Mansur Abdullah Sandhu, Sidrah Anjum, Peter John
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cinnamomum verum (CV), also known as 'Dalchini', is the dry bark of the Cinnamomum verum (L.) plant, and has been used as a traditional Pakistani medicine to alleviate pain and inflammation in patients suffering from arthritic rheumatism. It contains alkaloids, triterpenes, Cinnamaldehyde and other volatile oils. The aim of the present study was to investigate the underlying biological effect of ethyl alcohol (EtOH) and methyl alcohol (MeOH) extracts from CV on collagen type-II induced arthritic (CIA) mice...
April 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427487/the-predictive-value-of-baseline-hbsag-level-and-early-response-for-hbsag-loss-in-patients-with-hbeag-positive-chronic-hepatitis-b-during-pegylated-interferon-alpha-2a-treatment
#9
Ming Hui Li, Lu Zhang, Xiao Jing Qu, Yao Lu, Gei Shen, Zhen Zhen Li, Shu Ling Wu, Ru Yu Liu, Min Chang, Lei Ping Hu, Wen Hao Hua, Shu Jing Song, Gang Wan, Yao Xie
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of baseline HBsAg level and early response for HBsAg loss in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B during pegylated interferon alpha-2a treatment. METHODS: A total of 121 patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B who achieved HBsAg loss were enrolled; all patients were treated with PEG-IFNα-2a 180 μg/week. Serum HBV DNA and serological indicators (HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, and anti-HBe) were determined before and every 3 months during treatment...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427273/association-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-duration-with-systemic-inflammation-markers-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Laura Sinausía, Javier S Perona
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding duration has been associated with less low-grade inflammation in healthy adolescents, but there is scarce information regarding obese subjects. This study aimed to evaluate whether exclusive breastfeeding is related to serum concentrations of inflammatory markers in a population of Spanish adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed on 1,001 adolescents (13.2 ± 1.2 years) randomly recruited from schools in southeast Spain...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427215/top2a-ggh-and-pecam1-are-associated-with-hematogenous-lymph-node-and-peritoneal-recurrence-in-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer-patients-enrolled-in-the-acts-gc-study
#11
Masanori Terashima, Wataru Ichikawa, Atsushi Ochiai, Koji Kitada, Issei Kurahashi, Shinichi Sakuramoto, Hitoshi Katai, Takeshi Sano, Hiroshi Imamura, Mitsuru Sasako
BACKGROUND: To identify factors related to relapse sites, we carried out an exploratory biomarker analysis of data from the Adjuvant Chemotherapy Trial of TS-1 for Gastric Cancer study, which is a randomized, controlled trial comparing postoperative adjuvant S-1 therapy with surgery alone in 1,059 patients with stage II/III gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgical specimens from 829 patients were retrospectively examined, and 63 genes involved in a variety of biological processes were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR...
March 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427206/mir-146a-and-mir-146b-promote-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-follicular-thyroid-carcinoma-via-inhibition-of-st8sia4
#12
Wei Ma, Xuzi Zhao, Leilei Liang, Guangzhi Wang, Yanyan Li, Xiaolong Miao, Yongfu Zhao
Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) is a more aggressive form of thyroid cancer than the common papillary type. Alpha-2,8-sialyltransferase (ST8SIA) family members are expressed in various cancers and may be associated with FTC progression. In this study, we measured ST8SIA family expression in two FTC cell lines with different invasive potentials (FTC-133 and FTC-238) and Nthy-ori 3-1 cell lines, as well as FTC and normal thyroid tissues. ST8SIA4 was downregulated in the highly invasive FTC-238 cells and FTC tissues...
March 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426458/anti-tnf%C3%AE-treatment-after-surgical-resection-for-crohn-s-disease-is-effective-despite-previous-pharmacodynamic-failure
#13
Amit Assa, Jiri Bronsky, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Kristyna Zarubova, Tim de Meij, Oren Ledder, Margaret Sladek, Stephanie van Biervliet, Caterina Strisciuglio, Raanan Shamir
BACKGROUND: The outcome of patients with Crohn's disease who failed anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) therapy despite adequate serum drug levels (pharmacodynamic failure) is unclear. We aimed to assess such pediatric patients who underwent intestinal resection and were re-treated with the same anti-TNFα agent postoperatively. METHODS: Pediatric patients with Crohn's disease who underwent intestinal resection and were treated with anti-TNFα agents postoperatively were assessed retrospectively...
May 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426123/cabozantinib-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-results-of-a-phase-2-placebo-controlled-randomized-discontinuation-study
#14
R K Kelley, C Verslype, A L Cohn, T-S Yang, W-C Su, H Burris, F Braiteh, N Vogelzang, A Spira, P Foster, Y Lee, E Van Cutsem
Background: Cabozantinib, an orally bioavailable inhibitor of tyrosine kinases including MET, AXL, and VEGF receptors, was assessed in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as part of a phase 2 randomized discontinuation trial with nine tumor-type cohorts. Patients and methods: Eligible patients had Child-Pugh A liver function and ≤1 prior systemic anticancer regimen, completed ≥4 weeks before study entry. The cabozantinib starting dose was 100 mg daily...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425943/beneficial-effect-of-voluntary-exercise-on-experimental-colitis-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet-the-role-of-irisin-adiponectin-and-proinflammatory-biomarkers
#15
Agnieszka Irena Mazur-Bialy, Jan Bilski, Dagmara Wojcik, Bartosz Brzozowski, Marcin Surmiak, Magdalena Hubalewska-Mazgaj, Anna Chmura, Marcin Magierowski, Katarzyna Magierowska, Tomasz Mach, Tomasz Brzozowski
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders exhibited by two major phenotypic forms: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Although the aetiology of IBD is unknown, several factors coming from the adipose tissue and skeletal muscles, such as cytokines, adipokines and myokines, were suggested in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis; however, it has not been extensively studied whether voluntary exercise can ameliorate that disorder. We explored the effect of moderate exercise (i...
April 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425312/activation-of-spinal-alpha-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-shortens-the-duration-of-remifentanil-induced-postoperative-hyperalgesia-by-upregulating-kcc2-in-the-spinal-dorsal-horn-in-rats
#16
Wei Gu, Wei Zhang, Yishan Lei, Yin Cui, Shuaishuai Chu, Xiaoping Gu, Zhengliang Ma
Background Accumulating evidence has shown that the signal from spinal brain-derived neurotrophic factor/tyrosine receptor kinase B-K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter-2 plays a critical role in the process of pain hypersensitivity. The activation of alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors could have an analgesic effect on remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia. Nevertheless, whether intrathecal administration of PNU-120596, an alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors selective type II positive allosteric modulator, before surgery could affect the duration of remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia remains unknown, and the effects of alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors activation on the brain-derived neurotrophic factor/tyrosine receptor kinase B-K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter-2 signal in the spinal dorsal horn of rats with remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia is still enigmatic...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425234/alpha-1-antitrypsin-levels-and-polymorphisms-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#17
Nalan Demir, Özlem Erçen Diken, Halil Gürhan Karabulut, Demet Karnak, Oya Kayacan
BACKGROUND/AIM: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency may be a potential predisposing factor for interstitial lung fibrosis. We investigated alpha-1 antitrypsin levels and its polymorphisms in patients with interstitial lung disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 103 interstitial lung disease patients were compared. RESULTS: The mean alpha-1 antitrypsin level in idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients was 1.67 ± 0.33 g/L, and it was 1.54 ± 0...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425003/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-daily-spiritual-experiences-scale-dses-in-pregnant-women-a-proper-tool-to-assess-spirituality-related-to-mental-health
#18
Mohsen Saffari, Hossein Amini, Zarindokht Sheykh-Oliya, Amir H Pakpour, Harold G Koenig
Assessing spirituality in healthy pregnant women may lead to supportive interventions that will improve their care. A psychometrically valid measure such as the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) may be helpful in this regard. The current study sought to adapt a Persian version of DSES for use in pregnancy. A total of 377 pregnant women were recruited from three general hospitals located in Tehran, Iran. Administered scales were the DSES, Duke University Religion Index, Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, as well as demographic measures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424777/influence-of-cellular-composition-and-exogenous-activation-on-growth-factor-and-cytokine-concentrations-in-canine-platelet-rich-plasmas
#19
Samuel P Franklin, Kate E Birdwhistell, Alena Strelchik, Bridget C Garner, Benjamin M Brainard
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to (1) evaluate correlations among platelet, leukocyte, growth factor, and cytokine concentrations in canine platelet-rich plasmas (PRPs) produced from five different canine PRP-concentrating systems and (2) compare the effects of different activation protocols on platelet activation and growth factor release from one of these PRPs. METHODS: PRP was made using blood from 15 dogs and each of 5 different PRP systems in a cross-over design...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424691/increased-autophagy-related-5-gene-expression-is-associated-with-collagen-expression-in-the-airways-of-refractory-asthmatics
#20
Audrey H Poon, David F Choy, Fazila Chouiali, Rakhee K Ramakrishnan, Bassam Mahboub, Severine Audusseau, Andrea Mogas, Jeffrey M Harris, Joseph R Arron, Catherine Laprise, Qutayba Hamid
BACKGROUND: Fibrosis, particularly excessive collagen deposition, presents a challenge for treating asthmatic individuals. At present, no drugs can remove or reduce excessive collagen in asthmatic airways. Hence, the identification of pathways involved in collagen deposition would help to generate therapeutic targets to interfere with the airway remodeling process. Autophagy, a cellular degradation process, has been shown to be dysregulated in various fibrotic diseases, and genetic association studies in independent human populations have identified autophagy-related 5 (ATG5) to be associated with asthma pathogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
69403
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"