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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#1
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526632/erythrocytosis-following-testosterone-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Samuel J Ohlander, Bibin Varghese, Alexander W Pastuszak
INTRODUCTION: A rapid increase in awareness of androgen deficiency has led to substantial increases in prescribing of testosterone therapy (TTh), with benefits of improvements in mood, libido, bone density, muscle mass, body composition, energy, and cognition. However, TTh can be limited by its side effects, particularly erythrocytosis. This review examines the literature on testosterone-induced erythrocytosis and polycythemia. AIM: To review the available literature on testosterone-induced erythrocytosis, discuss possible mechanisms for pathophysiology, determine the significance of formulation, and elucidate potential thromboembolic risk...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526625/effects-of-resistance-training-frequency-on-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-older-men-and-women-during-intervention-and-follow-up
#3
Elena Fernández-Lezaun, Moritz Schumann, Tuomas Mäkinen, Heikki Kyröläinen, Simon Walker
This study investigated the effects of resistance training (RT) performed with different frequencies, including a follow-up period, on cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy older individuals. Eighty-eight men and women (69±3years, 167±9cm and 78±14kg) were randomly placed into four groups: training one- (M1=11, W1=12), two- (M2=7, W2=14), or three- (M3=11, W3=13) times-per-week or a non-training control group (MCon=11, WCon=9). During months 1-3, all subjects trained two-times-per-week while during the subsequent 6months, training frequency was set according to the group...
May 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526480/human-seasonal-and-circadian-studies-in-antarctica-halley-75-0-s
#4
Josephine Arendt, Benita Middleton
Living for extended periods in Antarctica exposes base personnel to extremes of daylength (photoperiod) and temperature. At the British Antarctic Survey base of Halley, 75(0)S, the sun does not rise for 110 d in the winter and does not set for 100 d in summer. Photoperiod is the major time cue governing the timing of seasonal events such as reproduction in many species. The neuroendocrine signal providing photoperiodic information to body physiology is the duration of melatonin secretion which reflects the length of the night: longer in the short days of winter and shorter in summer...
May 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526377/orange-juice-allied-to-a-reduced-calorie-diet-results-in-weight-loss-and-ameliorates-obesity-related-biomarkers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Carolina Ribeiro, Grace Dourado, Thais Cesar
OBJECTIVE: Assumptions have linked orange juice (OJ) consumption with weight gain and adverse effects on health due to its sugar content; however, epidemiologic studies have not shown increased risk for overweight or obesity with the consumption of 100% OJ. The aim of this study was to verify whether the combination of a reduced-calorie diet (RCD) and 100% OJ contribute to weight loss, promote changes in glucose and lipid metabolism, and improve diet quality in obese individuals. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with 78 obese patients (age 36 ± 1 y, body mass index [BMI] 33 ± 3 kg/m(2)) were enrolled in two groups: Individuals in the OJ group submitted to an RCD that included OJ (500 mL/d), and individuals in the control group submitted to an RCD without OJ...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526376/the-excessive-caloric-intake-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-related-to-obesity-after-a-long-term-interdisciplinary-therapy
#6
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Paula Bresciani, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, Marcos Alberto Taddeo Cipullo, José Carlos Clemente, Danielle Arisa Caranti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a long-term interdisciplinary lifestyle modification therapy on food intake, body composition, and anthropometric measurements of obese women. METHODS: Seventy obese women (age 41 ± 5.9 y) attended the interdisciplinary therapy, with nutrition, physical exercise, physiotherapy, and psychological support during the course of 1 y. Usual food intake was estimated by 3-d dietary record. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was performed to determine body fat and fat-free mass...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526097/abundance-of-active-ingredients-in-sea-buckthorn-oil
#7
REVIEW
Aleksandra Zielińska, Izabela Nowak
Vegetable oils are obtained by mechanical extraction or cold pressing of various parts of plants, most often: seeds, fruits, and drupels. Chemically, these oils are compounds of the ester-linked glycerol and higher fatty acids with long aliphatic chain hydrocarbons (min. C14:0). Vegetable oils have a variety of properties, depending on their percentage of saturation. This article describes sea-buckthorn oil, which is extracted from the well characterized fruit and seeds of sea buckthorn. The plant has a large number of active ingredients the properties of which are successfully used in the cosmetic industry and in medicine...
May 19, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525980/the-distribution-of-mitochondrial-dna-haplogroup-h-in-southern-iberia-indicates-ancient-human-genetic-exchanges-along-the-western-edge-of-the-mediterranean
#8
Candela L Hernández, Jean M Dugoujon, Andrea Novelletto, Juan N Rodríguez, Pedro Cuesta, Rosario Calderón
BACKGROUND: The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. Human populations along the westernmost Mediterranean coasts, which were settled by individuals from two continents separated by a relatively narrow body of water, show the highest frequencies of mitochondrial haplogroup H. These characteristics permit the analysis of ancient migrations between both shores, which may have occurred via primitive sea crafts and early seafaring...
May 19, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525669/relationship-between-bioimpedance-determined-body-composition-and-peritoneal-transport-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#9
Bernardo M da Costa, Gloria Del Peso, Maria Auxiliadora Bajo, Gilda Carreño, Marta Ferreira, Carina Ferreira, Rafael Selgas
PURPOSE: In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, body fluid homeostasis is dependent on peritoneal elimination of water and solutes. Patients with less favorable peritoneal transport parameters should be more overhydrated. Despite this, the association between faster transport and overhydration (OH) is weak, and the factors that influence hydration status are still poorly characterized. Modified peritoneal equilibration tests (PET) offer us new parameters that might correlate better with hydration status, like free water transport (FWT)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525437/feasibility-and-parental-acceptability-of-an-8-week-slow-speed-high-intensity-community-based-resistance-training-program-for-preadolescent-children
#10
Sarah L Mullane, Vincent B Bocchicchio, Noe C Crespo
High-intensity resistance training (RT) shows promise for improved cardiometabolic health in children. Achieving high-intensity RT safely is a challenge for community-based programs because of parental concerns and group engagement. Twenty preadolescent children completed an 8-week, twice per week program using slow speed to achieve high-intensity RT. Parent and child surveys were conducted to measure acceptability and effectiveness. Child fitness levels were assessed, and fasting blood draws and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry were performed on a subset population...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525355/does-body-fat-percentage-predict-post-exercise-heart-rate-response-in-non-obese-children-and-adolescents
#11
Tatjana Jezdimirovic, Valdemar Stajer, Sasa Semeredi, Julio Calleja-Gonzalez, Sergej M Ostojic
BACKGROUND: A correlation between adiposity and post-exercise autonomic regulation has been established in overweight and obese children. However, little information exists about this link in non-obese youth. The main purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the relationship between body fat percentage (BFP) and heart rate recovery after exercise [post-exercise heart rate (PEHR)], a marker of autonomic regulation, in normal-weight children and adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the body composition of 183 children and adolescents (age 15...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524627/weight-loss-interventions-and-gut-microbiota-changes-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
F B Seganfredo, C A Blume, M Moehlecke, A Giongo, D S Casagrande, J V N Spolidoro, A V Padoin, B D Schaan, C C Mottin
Imbalances in the gut microbiota, the bacteria that inhabit the intestines, are central to the pathogenesis of obesity. This systematic review assesses the association between the gut microbiota and weight loss in overweight/obese adults and its potential manipulation as a target for treating obesity. This review identified 43 studies using the keywords 'overweight' or 'obesity' and 'microbiota' and related terms; among these studies, 17 used dietary interventions, 11 used bariatric surgery and 15 used microbiota manipulation...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524399/reallocating-sedentary-time-to-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-but-not-to-light-intensity-physical-activity-is-effective-to-reduce-adiposity-among-youths-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
A García-Hermoso, J M Saavedra, R Ramírez-Vélez, U Ekelund, B Del Pozo-Cruz
The aim of the study was to summarize the evidence of the effects of reallocating time spent in sedentary behaviours in different activity intensities on youth's adiposity. Five databases were searched. Studies that reported the effects of replacing sedentary behaviour with light-intensity physical activity (LIPA) and/or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on at least one adiposity parameter. The estimated regression coefficients (β) and 95% CIs were combined and meta-analysed. Data from 7,351 youths and five studies were analysed...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524039/-prevention-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-gubiao-pixie-prescription-for-nosocomial-infection-in-elderly-population
#14
Wanxiang Zhang, Bochao Wang, Zhijun Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Gubiao Pixie prescription on the prevention of nosocomial infection in elderly patients with susceptible factors. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The elderly patients aged over 70 years admitted to the Department of Integrated TCM and Western Medicine of Tianjin First Center Hospital from March 2015 to March 2016 were enrolled. The patients were divided into experiment group and control group by random number table...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523992/nutrition-and-exercise-in-sarcopenia
#15
Stephen D Anton, Azumi Hida, Robert Mankowski, Andrew Layne, Lawrence Solberg, Arch G Mainous, Thomas W Buford
Sarcopenia is a debilitating condition that involves loss of muscle mass and function, which affects virtually everyone as they age, and can lead to frailty and ultimately disability. In growing recognition of the importance of both muscle strength and muscle mass relative to body size in contributing to functional decline, recent definitions have now incorporated grip strength and a correction for body mass as part of the key criteria that define sarcopenia. With this new definition, a much larger population of older adults are now at risk of sarcopenia...
December 27, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523306/a-novel-method-for-measuring-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-using-ultrasound-in-children-interobserver-consistency
#16
Adela ChiriŢă-Emandi, Maria Camelia Papa, Liliana Abrudan, Mihaela Amelia Dobrescu, Maria Puiu, Iulian Puiu Velea, Corina Paul
BACKGROUND: Currently, sufficiently accurate field methods for body composition assessment in children are missing. The ultrasound method for assessing adipose tissue thickness has been used extensively in sport medicine. However, there are no studies looking at the reliability of this method in non-athletic children. This paper aims to determine the inter-observer reliability in measuring the uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness using ultrasound, in children. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy children (20 males, 20 females), median age 11...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523236/left-atrial-size-and-risk-of-recurrent-ischemic-stroke-in-a-chinese-population
#17
Jie Xue, Yuanshao Lin, Wensi Huang, Xiaoli Chen, Qian Li, Zhengyi Cai, Wanli Zhang, Yuansheng Ye, Bei Shao
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have reported the role of an increased left atrial (LA) size on stroke, limited data are collected about the relationship between LA enlargement and recurrent ischemic stroke in the Chinese population. Our aim was to assess the association of LA size with the risk of stroke recurrence, particularly with recurrent cardioembolic or cryptogenic stroke in ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: The study recruited 313 consecutive patients with acute first-ever ischemic stroke...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522764/obesity-induced-discrepancy-between-contractile-and-metabolic-phenotypes-in-slow-and-fast-twitch-skeletal-muscles-of-female-obese-zucker-rats
#18
Luz M Acevedo, Ana I Raya, Rafael Ríos, Escolástico Aguilera-Tejero, Jose-Luis L Rivero
A clear picture of skeletal muscle adaptations to obesity and related comorbidities remains elusive. This study describes fiber-type characteristics (size, proportions, and oxidative enzyme activity) in two typical hind limb muscles with opposite structure and function in an animal model of genetic obesity. Lesser fiber diameter, fiber type composition, and histochemical succinic dehydrogenase activity (an oxidative marker) of muscle fiber types were assessed in slow- (soleus) and fast-twitch (tibialis cranialis) muscles of obese Zucker rats, and compared with age- (16 weeks) and sex-matched (females) lean Zucker rats (N=16/group)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522656/comparison-between-different-measures-of-body-fat-with-kidney-function-decline-and-incident-ckd
#19
Magdalena Madero, Ronit Katz, Rachel Murphy, Anne Newman, Kushang Patel, Joachim Ix, Carmen Peralta, Suzanne Satterfield, Linda Fried, Michael Shlipak, Mark Sarnak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although anthropometric measures of body fat are associated with development of CKD, they may not be able to distinguish between various forms of fat and therefore may be less accurate than computed tomography (CT) measures. We compared the association of CT and anthropometric measures of obesity with kidney outcomes in the Health Aging and Body Composition Study. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Participants were recruited from March of 1997 through July of 1998...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521887/atrial-fibrillation-and-body-composition-is-it-fat-or-lean-that-ultimately-determines-the-risk
#20
EDITORIAL
Stanley Nattel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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