keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

canine parvovirus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639277/serum-derived-transfer-factor-stimulates-the-innate-immune-system-to-improve-survival-traits-in-high-risk-pathogen-scenarios
#1
Bridget V Willeford, Trudy Shapiro-Dunlap, Kenneth O Willeford
Preclinical Research Transfer Factors (TFs) are low molecular weight (<5,000 daltons) biological response mediators. In the present study, a serum derived TF improved the ability of the recipient animal to survive high-risk infectious challenges (salmonellosis and canine parvoviral enteritis (CPV)) by altering the host's cytokine response profile. Mice mortally challenged with 5,000 colony-forming units of Salmonella experienced a group mortality of 73% while mice treated with a single 5 mg dose of the TF demonstrated a significant decrease in morbidity (7%, p ≤ 0...
June 22, 2017: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635524/serology-and-protein-electrophoresis-for-evidence-of-exposure-to-12-mink-pathogens-in-free-ranging-american-mink-neovison-vison-in-argentina
#2
Pablo Eduardo Martino, Luis Ernesto Samartino, Néstor Oscar Stanchi, Nilda Esther Radman, Eduardo Joaquín Parrado
BACKGROUND: Basic pathologic characteristics for farmed minks were previously reported worldwide. However, its status in the wild has not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVE: Serology and electrophoresis were carried out for evidence of exposure to 12 mink pathogens on two different locations. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Serology was done in 87 wild minks by reference techniques against Toxoplasma gondii, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Neospora caninum, Brucella abortus, Mycobacterium bovis, Leptospira interrogans, canine distemper virus (CDV), canine adenovirus (CAV), canine parvovirus (CPV), rabies virus (RV), Influenza A virus (FLUAV) and Aleutian disease virus (ADV)...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622497/feline-panleukopenia-virus-is-not-associated-with-myocarditis-or-endomyocardial-restrictive-cardiomyopathy-in-cats
#3
Laura McEndaffer, Alex Molesan, Hollis Erb, Kathleen Kelly
Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) is nearly indistinguishable from feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and is a well-known cause of viral myocarditis in young puppies; however, it is not known whether either FPV or CPV-2 naturally infects feline cardiomyocytes and causes myocarditis. Endomyocarditis (EMC) and left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis (LVEF), clinically known as "endomyocardial restrictive cardiomyopathy," are important feline heart diseases suspected to have an infectious etiology. A continuum is suggested with EMC representing the acute reaction to an unknown infectious agent and LVEF the chronic manifestation of repair...
July 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616485/evidence-of-canine-parvovirus-transmission-to-a-civet-cat-paradoxurus-musangus-in-singapore
#4
Ian H Mendenhall, Dolyce Low, Erica Sena Neves, Ali Anwar, Serena Oh, Yvonne C F Su, Gavin J D Smith
Cross-species transmission can often lead to deleterious effects in incidental hosts. Parvoviruses have a wide host range and primarily infect members of the order Carnivora. Here we describe juvenile common palm civet cats (Paradoxurus musangus) that were brought to the Singapore zoo and fell ill while quarantined. The tissues of two individual civets that died tested PCR-positive for parvovirus infection. Phylogenetic analysis revealed this parvovirus strain falls in a basal position to a clade of CPV that have infected dogs in China and Uruguay, suggesting cross-species transmission from domestic to wild animals...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603036/canine-parvovirus-type-2-cpv-2-and-feline-panleukopenia-virus-fpv-codon-bias-analysis-reveals-a-progressive-adaptation-to-the-new-niche-after-the-host-jump
#5
Giovanni Franzo, Claudia Maria Tucciarone, Mattia Cecchinato, Michele Drigo
Based on virus dependence from host cell machinery, their codon usage is expected to show a strong relation with the host one. Even if this association has been stated, especially for bacteria viruses, the linkage is considered to be less consistent for more complex organisms and a codon bias adaptation after host jump has never been proven. Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) was selected as a model because it represents a well characterized case of host jump, originating from Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)...
June 8, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569640/prevalence-of-serum-antibody-titers-against-canine-distemper-virus-and-canine-parvovirus-in-dogs-hospitalized-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#6
Jennifer L Mahon, Elizabeth A Rozanski, April L Paul
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of dogs hospitalized in an intensive care unit (ICU) with serum antibody titers against canine distemper virus (CDV) and canine parvovirus (CPV). DESIGN Prospective observational study. ANIMALS 80 dogs. PROCEDURES Dogs hospitalized in an ICU for > 12 hours between February 1 and June 1, 2015, that had at least 0.25 mL of serum left over from diagnostic testing were eligible for study inclusion. Dogs with serum antibody titers > 1:32 (as determined by serum neutralization) and > 1:80 (as determined by hemagglutination inhibition) were considered seropositive for CDV and CPV, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545817/pre-screening-of-crude-peptides-in-a-serological-bead-based-suspension-array
#7
Tinka Jelsma, Fimme J van der Wal, Helmi Fijten, Nicolas Dailly, Evert van Dijk, Willie L Loeffen
Most serological assays detect antibody responses in biological samples through affinity of serum antibodies for antigens provided in the assay. Certain antigens, however, may be difficult to produce and/or may contain unwanted epitopes. In these cases, a practical alternative may be the use of peptides as representatives for specific epitopes. Peptides can be obtained after purification in large quantities for a modest price, but screening of a large set of peptides during development may be relatively expensive...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532806/a-molecular-survey-for-selected-viral-enteropathogens-revealed-a-limited-role-of-canine-circovirus-in-the-development-of-canine-acute-gastroenteritis
#8
Giulia Dowgier, Eleonora Lorusso, Nicola Decaro, Costantina Desario, Viviana Mari, Maria Stella Lucente, Gianvito Lanave, Canio Buonavoglia, Gabriella Elia
Canine circovirus (CanineCV) is a canine virus, whose pathogenetic role is still uncertain. Based on recent data suggesting its role as entheropathogen, a case-control study was conducted between 2013 and 2016 to investigate the association of CanineCV with gastroenteritis in dogs, alone or in combination with other viral pathogens, including canine parvovirus (CPV), canine coronavirus (CCoV) and canine distemper virus (CDV). A total of 219 dogs suffering from acute gastroenteritis disorders and 67 controls randomly recruited among healthy dogs or patients presenting without enteric signs were screened by a panel of real-time (RT-)PCR assays for CanineCV, CPV, CCoV and CDV...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523923/genetic-characterization-of-canine-parvovirus-from-dogs-in-pakistan
#9
M Z Shabbir, M U Sohail, U N Chaudhary, W Yaqub, I Rashid, M H Saleem, M Munir
Canine parvoviruses (CPV) exist as antigenic variants with varying frequencies and genetic variabilities across the globe. Given the endemicity and high prevalence in Pakistan, we characterized the CPVs originating from dogs-population to elucidate viral diversity and evolution. Fecal samples from clinically diseased pups (n = 17) of different breeds and age (2-6 months) were processed for hemagglutination assay (HA), and later for partial amplification of VP2 gene sequence and amino acid analysis. A total of 11 samples (64...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483442/molecular-detection-and-genomic-characterization-of-torque-teno-canis-virus-in-domestic-dogs-in-guangxi-province-china
#10
Wenchao Sun, Changzhan Xie, Cao Liang, Min Zheng, Guanyu Zhao, Ping Zhang, Jicheng Han, Jie Jing, Shubo Wen, Pengpeng Xiao, Zhuodong Cui, Jinyong Zhang, Jingqiang Ren, Hao Liu, Huijun Lu, Ningyi Jin
The Torque teno canis virus (TTCaV) is a small virus with circular single-stranded DNA that has been reported to cause infections in dogs. The present study aimed to identify the presence of TTCaV in blood samples obtained from domestic dogs, and examine its diversity and evolution of the genomes. Five strains of TTCaV were detected, and the overall prevalence was found to be 7% (28/400). Phylogenetic analysis showed that the five genomes were closely clustered with the previously known Cf-TTV10 and LDL strains and formed a Thetatorque virus...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414634/detection-of-the-canine-parvovirus-2c-subtype-in-australian-dogs
#11
Lucy Woolford, Paul Crocker, Hannah Bobrowski, Trevor Baker, Farhid Hemmatzadeh
Canine parvovirus (CPV-2) is an important cause of hemorrhagic enteritis in dogs. In Australia the disease has been associated with CPV-2a and CPV-2b variants. A third more recently emerged variant overseas, CPV-2c, has not been detected in surveys of the Australian dog population. In this study, we report three cases of canine parvoviral enteritis associated with CPV-2c infection; case 1 occurred in an 8-week-old puppy that died following acute hemorrhagic enteritis. Cases 2 and 3 were an 11-month-old female entire Saint Bernard and a 9-month-old male entire Siberian husky, respectively, both which had completed vaccination schedules and presented with vomiting or mild diarrhea only...
June 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410597/the-role-of-nuclear-localization-signal-in-parvovirus-life-cycle
#12
REVIEW
Peng Liu, Shun Chen, Mingshu Wang, Anchun Cheng
Parvoviruses are small, non-enveloped viruses with an approximately 5.0 kb, single-stranded DNA genome. Usually, the parvovirus capsid gene contains one or more nuclear localization signals (NLSs), which are required for guiding the virus particle into the nucleus through the nuclear pore. However, several classical NLSs (cNLSs) and non-classical NLSs (ncNLSs) have been identified in non-structural genes, and the ncNLSs can also target non-structural proteins into the nucleus. In this review, we have summarized recent research findings on parvovirus NLSs...
April 14, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399176/pathological-findings-in-the-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-stone-marten-martes-foina-and-raccoon-dog-nyctereutes-procyonoides-with-special-emphasis-on-infectious-and-zoonotic-agents-in-northern-germany
#13
Charlotte Lempp, Nicole Jungwirth, Miguel L Grilo, Anja Reckendorf, Arlena Ulrich, Abbo van Neer, Rogier Bodewes, Vanessa M Pfankuche, Christian Bauer, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Ursula Siebert
Anthropogenic landscape changes contributed to the reduction of availability of habitats to wild animals. Hence, the presence of wild terrestrial carnivores in urban and peri-urban sites has increased considerably over the years implying an increased risk of interspecies spillover of infectious diseases and the transmission of zoonoses. The present study provides a detailed characterisation of the health status of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), stone marten (Martes foina) and raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in their natural rural and peri-urban habitats in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany between November 2013 and January 2016 with focus on zoonoses and infectious diseases that are potentially threatening to other wildlife or domestic animal species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369886/efficacy-of-feline-anti-parvovirus-antibodies-in-the-treatment-of-canine-parvovirus-infection
#14
M Gerlach, A L Proksch, S Unterer, S Speck, U Truyen, K Hartmann
OBJECTIVE: This prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study aimed to evaluate efficacy of commercially available feline anti-parvovirus antibodies in dogs with canine parvovirus infection. METHODS: First, cross-protection of feline panleukopenia virus antibodies against canine parvovirus was evaluated in vitro. In the subsequent prospective clinical trial, 31 dogs with clinical signs of canine parvovirus infection and a positive faecal canine parvovirus polymerase chain reaction were randomly assigned to a group receiving feline panleukopenia virus antibodies (n=15) or placebo (n=16)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362831/the-genetic-evolution-of-canine-parvovirus-a-new-perspective
#15
Pei Zhou, Weijie Zeng, Xin Zhang, Shoujun Li
To trace the evolution process of CPV-2, all of the VP2 gene sequences of CPV-2 and FPV (from 1978 to 2015) from GenBank were analyzed in this study. Then, several new ideas regarding CPV-2 evolution were presented. First, the VP2 amino acid 555 and 375 positions of CPV-2 were first ruled out as a universal mutation site in CPV-2a and amino acid 101 position of FPV feature I or T instead of only I in existing rule. Second, the recently confusing nomenclature of CPV-2 variants was substituted with a optional nomenclature that would serve future CPV-2 research...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356522/minute-virus-of-canines-np1-protein-governs-the-expression-of-a-subset-of-essential-nonstructural-proteins-via-its-role-in-rna-processing
#16
Olufemi O Fasina, Stephanie Stupps, Wanda Figueroa-Cuilan, David J Pintel
Parvoviruses use a variety of means to control the expression of their compact genomes. The bocaparvovirus minute virus of canines (MVC) encodes a small, genus-specific protein, NP1, which governs access to the viral capsid gene via its role in alternative polyadenylation and alternative splicing of the single MVC pre-mRNA. In addition to NP1, MVC encodes five additional nonstructural proteins (NS) that share an initiation codon at the left end of the genome and which are individually encoded by alternative multiply spliced mRNAs...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349355/polymerase-spiral-reaction-psr-a-novel-visual-isothermal-amplification-method-for-detection-of-canine-parvovirus-2-genomic-dna
#17
Vikas Gupta, Soumendu Chakravarti, Vishal Chander, Saurabh Majumder, Shabir Ahmad Bhat, Vivek Kumar Gupta, Sukdeb Nandi
Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2), which is ubiquitously distributed worldwide, causes severe and often fatal gastroenteritis in dogs. Accurate, differential and rapid diagnosis of canine parvoviral enteritis remains a challenge for clinicians. A recently developed isothermal amplification technique, polymerase spiral reaction (PSR), was optimized for the first time for a viral pathogen with reference recombinant plasmid standards from different CPV-2 antigenic variants (CPV-2, CPV-2a, CPV-2b and CPV-2c) and subsequently validated using clinical samples...
July 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284623/prevalence-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-canine-parvovirus-2-in-diarrheic-dogs-in-colombia-south-america-a-possible-new-cpv-2a-is-emerging
#18
Yeison Duque-García, Manuela Echeverri-Zuluaga, Juanita Trejos-Suarez, Julian Ruiz-Saenz
Since its identification in 1978, Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) has been considered a pathogen of great importance in the canine population because it causes severe enteritis with high mortality rates in pups. CPV-2 is a virus belonging to the family Parvoviridae. Currently, there are three described antigenic variants (CPV-2a, CPV-2b, and CPV-2c). CPV-2c is an emerging virus that is seen as a global health hazard. The objective of this work was to confirm the presence of CPV-2 in dogs with acute gastroenteritis compatible with parvovirus and to molecularly characterize the antigenic variants circulating in two regions of Colombia...
March 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283075/canine-parvovirus-post-vaccination-shedding-interference-with-diagnostic-assays-and-correlation-with-host-immune-status
#19
EDITORIAL
Nicola Decaro, Canio Buonavoglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254505/mt-pcr-panel-detection-of-canine-parvovirus-cpv-2-vaccine-and-wild-type-cpv-2-can-be-difficult-to-differentiate-in-canine-diagnostic-fecal-samples
#20
Maira N Meggiolaro, Anna Ly, Benjamin Rysnik-Steck, Carolina Silva, Joshua Zhang, Damien P Higgins, Gary Muscatello, Jacqueline M Norris, Mark Krockenberger, Jan Šlapeta
Canine parvovirus (CPV-2) remains an important cause of devastating enteritis in young dogs. It can be successfully prevented with live attenuated CPV-2 vaccines when given at the appropriate age and in the absence of maternal antibody interference. Rapid diagnosis of parvoviral enteritis in young dogs is essential to ensuring suitable barrier nursing protocols within veterinary hospitals. The current diagnostic trend is to use multiplexed PCR panels to detect an array of pathogens commonly responsible for diarrhea in dogs...
June 2017: Molecular and Cellular Probes
keyword
keyword
69394
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"