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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125171/prevalence-of-increased-canine-pancreas-specific-lipase-concentrations-in-young-dogs-with-parvovirus-enteritis
#1
Irida V Kalli, Katerina K Adamama-Moraitou, Michael N Patsika, Dimitra Pardali, Jörg M Steiner, Jan S Suchodolski, George Menexes, Georgia D Brellou, Timoleon S Rallis
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic abnormalities during canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis have not been studied prospectively. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic significance of canine serum pancreas-specific lipase (Spec cPL) concentration in dogs with CPV enteritis for the presence of acute pancreatitis (AP). Puppies with naturally occurring CPV enteritis were recruited and prospectively allocated into 2 groups according to normal or increased serum Spec cPL concentration...
January 26, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124140/molecular-characterization-of-canine-parvovirus-in-vientiane-laos
#2
Soulasack Vannamahaxay, Souliya Vongkhamchanh, Montira Intanon, Sahatchai Tangtrongsup, Saruda Tiwananthagorn, Kidsadagon Pringproa, Phongsakorn Chuammitri
The global emergence of canine parvovirus type 2c (CPV-2c) has been well documented. In the present study, 139 rectal swab samples collected from diarrheic dogs living in Vientiane, Laos, in 2016 were tested for the presence of the canine parvovirus (CPV) VP2 gene by PCR. The results showed that 82.73% (115/139) of dogs were CPV positive by PCR. The partial VP2 gene was sequenced in 94 of the positive samples; 91 samples belonged to CPV-2c (426Glu) subtype, while 3 samples belonged to the CPV-2a (426Asn) subtype...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109291/systemic-nocardiosis-in-a-dog-caused-by-nocardia-cyriacigeorgica
#3
Yesari Eroksuz, Nafia Canan Gursoy, Tolga Karapinar, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili, Zeynep Yerlikaya, Zulal Asci Toraman, Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan, Hatice Eroksuz
BACKGROUND: Systemic nocardiosis due to Nocardia cyriacigeorgica has not been reported in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: Light and electron microscopy, microbiological culture and molecular identification (PCR) were used to diagnose systemic nocardiosis caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica in a 3-month-old husky dog. The postmortem changes included multifocal to coalescing, sharply circumscribed pyogranulomatous inflammation and abscess formation in lungs, liver, myocardium, spleen, kidneys, brain, and hilar lymph nodes...
January 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093104/faecal-shedding-of-canine-parvovirus-after-modified-live-vaccination-in-healthy-adult-dogs
#4
M Freisl, S Speck, U Truyen, S Reese, A-L Proksch, K Hartmann
Since little is known about the persistence and faecal shedding of canine parvovirus (CPV) in dogs after modified-live vaccination, diagnostic tests for CPV can be difficult to interpret in the post-vaccination period. The primary aim of this study was to determine the incidence, duration and extent of CPV vaccine virus shedding in adult dogs and to investigate related factors, including the presence of protective antibodies, increase in anti-CPV antibody titres and development of any gastrointestinal side-effects...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057899/retrospective-evaluation-of-circulating-thyroid-hormones-in-critically-ill-dogs-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#5
Massimo Giunti, Roberta Troia, Mara Battilani, Luciana Giardino, Francesco Dondi, Giulia Andreani, Federico Fracassi
Critical illness can be associated with transient alterations in circulating thyroid hormones concentration indicating Non-Thyroidal Illness (NTI). NTI is well described in humans; literature concerning its occurrence and prognostic significance in dogs remains limited. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the occurrence of NTI in a population of dogs with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), and to investigate its association with disease severity (Apple Fast Score). A total of 41 SIRS dogs (acute pancreatitis n=10; parvovirus n=22; septic peritonitis n=9) were included, and divided according to SIRS origin (non-septic SIRS: acute pancreatitis; septic-SIRS: parvovirus and septic peritonitis) and final outcome (survivors, n=37; non-survivors, n=4)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012903/multiple-host-pathogens-in-domestic-hunting-dogs-in-nicaragua-s-bosaw%C3%A3-s-biosphere-reserve
#6
Christine V Fiorello, Mary H Straub, Laura M Schwartz, James Liu, Amanda Campbell, Alexa K Kownacki, Janet E Foley
Nicaragua's Bosawás Biosphere Reserve is a vast forested area inhabited largely by indigenous Mayangna and Miskitu people. Most Bosawás residents rely on subsistence hunting and swidden agriculture, and hunting dogs are important for finding and securing wild game. We investigated the health of hunting dogs in three communities differing in location, size, and economy. Dogs in all communities were nutritionally compromised and experienced a heavy burden of disease. Seroprevalence of canine distemper, canine parvovirus, Rickettsia rickettsii, and Leptospira spp...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968756/palatability-and-clinical-effects-of-an-oral-recuperation-fluid-during-the-recovery-of-dogs-with-suspected-parvoviral-enteritis
#7
REVIEW
Reut Tenne, Lauren A Sullivan, Elena T Contreras, Francisco Olea-Popelka, David C Twedt, Jeffrey Fankhauser, Logan Mastrianna, Michael R Lappin
Dogs infected with canine parvovirus (CPV) can develop severe enteritis that requires supportive care until voluntary food and water consumption return. An oral recuperation fluid (ORF) may assist in the overall recovery from CPV. The hypotheses of the study were that dogs with naturally infected CPV would prefer the ORF to water and that dogs consuming the ORF would have a more rapid return to voluntary appetite and improved caloric intake during the initial recovery period compared with dogs consuming water...
June 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936872/full-length-vp2-gene-analysis-of-canine-parvovirus-reveals-emergence-of-newer-variants-in-india
#8
Mangadevi Nookala, Hirak Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Amsaveni Sivaprakasam, Brindhalakshmi Balasubramanian, Prabhakar Xavier Antony, Jacob Thanislass, Mouttou Vivek Srinivas, Raghavan Madhusoodanan Pillai
The canine parvovirus (CPV) infection is a highly contagious and serious enteric disease of dogs with high fatality rate. The present study was taken up to characterize the full-length viral polypeptide 2 (VP2) gene of CPV of Indian origin along with the commercially available vaccines. The faecal samples from parvovirus suspected dogs were collected from various states of India for screening by PCR assay and 66.29% of samples were found positive. Six CPV-2a, three CPV-2b, and one CPV-2c types were identified by sequence analysis...
December 2016: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933190/canine-parvovirus-cpv-2-variants-circulating-in-nigerian-dogs
#9
T T Apaa, J M Daly, R E Tarlinton
Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) is a highly contagious viral disease with three variants (CPV-2a, CPV-2b and CPV-2c) currently circulating in dogs worldwide. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalent CPV-2 variant in faecal samples from 53 dogs presenting with acute gastroenteritis suspected to be and consistent with CPV-2 to Nigerian Veterinary Clinics in 2013-2014. Seventy-five per cent of these dogs tested positive for CPV-2 in a commercial antigen test and/or by PCR. Partial sequencing of the VP2 gene of six of these demonstrated them to be CPV-2a...
2016: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918639/evaluation-of-an-outpatient-protocol-in-the-treatment-of-canine-parvoviral-enteritis
#10
Emilee C Venn, Karolina Preisner, Pedro L Boscan, David C Twedt, Lauren A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 treatment protocols (standard in-hospital versus modified outpatient) in affecting the duration of treatment or survival of dogs with parvoviral enteritis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with naturally acquired parvovirus were randomized to receive either an inpatient (n = 20) or outpatient (n = 20) treatment protocol. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received intravenous (IV) fluid resuscitation and correction of hypoglycemia at hospital admission...
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888408/extra-intestinal-detection-of-canine-kobuvirus-in-a-puppy-from-southern-brazil
#11
Juliane Ribeiro, Selwyn Arlington Headley, Jaqueline Assumpção Diniz, Alfredo Hajime Tanaka Pereira, Elis Lorenzetti, Amauri Alcindo Alfieri, Alice Fernandes Alfieri
This study presents the pathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular findings associated with the extra-intestinal detection of canine kobuvirus (CaKV) in a 5-month-old Chihuahua puppy, that had a clinical history of bloody-tinged feces. Principal pathological findings were interstitial pneumonia, necrotizing bronchitis, and parvovirus-induced enteritis. Molecular diagnostic methods identified CaKV within the cerebellum, cerebrum, lung, tonsil, and liver. CaKV and rotavirus were not identified within the feces and intestine...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888321/genetic-characterization-of-canine-parvovirus-type-2-subtypes-in-maputo-mozambique
#12
J Figueiredo, C Miranda, R Souto, E Silva, J Fafetine, G Thompson
Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) comprises three antigenic subtypes (2a, 2b and 2c) that have been reported in many countries. These subtypes cause serious disease in dogs with characteristic gastroenteritis signs. Little information has been documented in Africa about the genetic characterization of CPV-2. The aim of this study was to detect and to characterize the CPV-2 subtypes circulating in dogs admitted to Veterinary Clinics from two cities of Mozambique, Maputo and Matola, in 2010. A total of 40 field fecal samples were collected and tested for CPV-2 by polymerase chain reaction assay...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818461/reliability-of-clinical-diagnosis-and-laboratory-testing-techniques-currently-used-for-identification-of-canine-parvovirus-enteritis-in-clinical-settings
#13
Mirna Faz, José Simón Martínez, Israel Quijano-Hernández, Raúl Fajardo
Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) is the main etiological agent of viral enteritis in dogs. Actually in literature, CPV-2 has been reported with clinical signs that vary from the classical disease, and immunochromatography test and PCR technique have been introduced to veterinary hospitals to confirm CPV-2 diagnosis and other infections. However, the reliability of these techniques has been poorly analyzed. In this study, we evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of veterinary clinical diagnosis, immunochromatography test and PCR technique...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771056/enteropathogen-infections-in-canine-puppies-co-occurrence-clinical-relevance-and-risk-factors
#14
Mirjam Duijvestijn, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Nancy Schuurman, Wim Schijf, Jaap A Wagenaar, Herman Egberink
Laboratory confirmation of the causative agent(s) of diarrhoea in puppies may allow for appropriate treatment. The presence of potential pathogens however, does not prove a causal relationship with diarrhoea. The aim of this study was to identify specific enteropathogens in ≤12 month old puppies with and without acute diarrhoea and to assess their associations with clinical signs, putative risk factors and pathogen co-occurrence. Faecal samples from puppies with (n=113) and without (n=56) acute diarrhoea were collected and screened for Canine Parvovirus (CPV), Canine Coronavirus (CCoV), Salmonella spp...
November 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733797/first-detection-of-canine-parvovirus-type-2b-from-diarrheic-dogs-in-himachal-pradesh
#15
Shalini Sharma, Prasenjit Dhar, Aneesh Thakur, Vivek Sharma, Mandeep Sharma
AIM: The present study was conducted to detect the presence of canine parvovirus (CPV) among diarrheic dogs in Himachal Pradesh and to identify the most prevalent antigenic variant of CPV based on molecular typing and sequence analysis of VP2 gene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 102 fecal samples were collected from clinical cases of diarrhea or hemorrhagic gastroenteritis from CPV vaccinated or non-vaccinated dogs. Samples were tested using CPV-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting VP2 gene, multiplex PCR for detection of CPV-2a and CPV-2b antigenic variants, and a PCR for the detection of CPV-2c...
September 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699205/seroprevalence-of-canine-parvovirus-in-dogs-in-lusaka-district-zambia
#16
Ngonda Saasa, King Shimumbo Nalubamba, Ethel M'kandawire, Joyce Siwila
Canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis is a highly contagious enteric disease of young dogs. Limited studies have been done in Zambia to investigate the prevalence of CPV in dogs. Blood was collected from dogs from three veterinary clinics (clinic samples, n = 174) and one township of Lusaka (field samples, n = 56). Each dog's age, sex, breed, and vaccination status were recorded. A haemagglutination assay using pig erythrocytes and modified live parvovirus vaccine as the antigen was used. Antibodies to CPV were detected in 100% of dogs (unvaccinated or vaccinated)...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663840/identification-of-a-novel-canine-parvovirus-type-2c-in-taiwan
#17
Shu-Yun Chiang, Hung-Yi Wu, Ming-Tang Chiou, Min-Chen Chang, Chao-Nan Lin
BACKGROUND: Taiwan has been considered free from canine parvovirus type 2c (CPV-2c) based on the last report of canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) surveillance. However, since January 2015, the first report of CPV-2c in a puppy has occurred in Taiwan. There is currently limited information about the CPV-2c variant in Taiwan. In the present study, we characterized the previously unidentified CPV-2c variant and investigated the distribution of CPV-2 variants in Taiwan. METHODS: During January 2014 to April 2016, fecal or rectal swab samples from 99 dogs with suspected CPV-2 infection in Taiwan were collected...
2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659245/direct-typing-of-canine-parvovirus-cpv-from-infected-dog-faeces-by-rapid-mini-sequencing-technique
#18
Pavana Jyothi V, Akila S, Malini K Selvan, Hariprasad Naidu, Shwethaa Raghunathan, Sathish Kota, R C Raja Sundaram, Samir Kumar Rana, G Dhinakar Raj, V A Srinivasan, B Mohana Subramanian
Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a non-enveloped single stranded DNA virus with an icosahedral capsid. Mini-sequencing based CPV typing was developed earlier to detect and differentiate all the CPV types and FPV in a single reaction. This technique was further evaluated in the present study by performing the mini-sequencing directly from fecal samples which avoided tedious virus isolation steps by cell culture system. Fecal swab samples were collected from 84 dogs with enteritis symptoms, suggestive of parvoviral infection from different locations across India...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535057/near-atomic-resolution-structure-of-a-highly-neutralizing-fab-bound-to-canine-parvovirus
#19
Lindsey J Organtini, Hyunwook Lee, Sho Iketani, Kai Huang, Robert E Ashley, Alexander M Makhov, James F Conway, Colin R Parrish, Susan Hafenstein
: Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a highly contagious pathogen that causes severe disease in dogs and wildlife. Previously, a panel of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAb) raised against CPV was characterized. An antibody fragment (Fab) of MAb E was found to neutralize the virus at low molar ratios. Using recent advances in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), we determined the structure of CPV in complex with Fab E to 4.1 Å resolution, which allowed de novo building of the Fab structure...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469023/exposure-of-free-ranging-wild-carnivores-and-domestic-dogs-to-canine-distemper-virus-and-parvovirus-in-the-cerrado-of-central-brazil
#20
Mariana Malzoni Furtado, Erika Midori Kida Hayashi, Susan Dora Allendorf, Claudio José Coelho, Anah Tereza de Almeida Jácomo, Jane Megid, José Domingues Ramos Filho, Leandro Silveira, Natália Mundim Tôrres, José Soares Ferreira Neto
Human population growth around protected areas increases the contact between wild and domestic animals, promoting disease transmission between them. This study investigates the exposure of free-ranging wild carnivores and domestic dogs to canine distemper virus (CDV) and parvovirus in Emas National Park (ENP) in the Cerrado savanna of central Brazil. Serum samples were collected from 169 wild carnivores, including the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), hoary fox (Pseudalopex vetulus), puma (Puma concolor), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), pampas cat (Leopardus colocolo), jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi), striped hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus semistriatus) and coati (Nasua nasua), and from 35 domestic dogs living on rural properties bordering ENP...
September 2016: EcoHealth
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