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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724281/the-virtual-asthma-guideline-e-learning-program-learning-effectiveness-and-user-satisfaction
#1
Sung-Yoon Kang, Sae-Hoon Kim, Yong-Eun Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Heung-Woo Park, Yoon-Seok Chang, Young-Koo Jee, Hee-Bom Moon, Kyung-Up Min, Sang-Heon Cho
Background/Aims: Effective educational tools are important for increasing adherence to asthma guidelines and clinical improvement of asthma patients. We developed a computer-based interactive education program for asthma guideline named the Virtual Learning Center for Asthma Management (VLCAM). We evaluated the usefulness of program in terms of its effects on user awareness of asthma guideline and level of satisfaction. Methods: Physicians-in-training at tertiary hospitals in Korea were enrolled in a cross-sectional questionnaire survey...
July 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724163/-how-active-is-the-catholic-church-in-the-prevention-of-sexual-abuse-preliminary-results-of-the-mhg-study
#2
Harald Dreßing, Dieter Dölling, Dieter Hermann, Barbara Horten, Alexandra Collong, Andreas Kruse, Eric Schmitt, Jörg Hinner, Britta Bannenberg, Andreas Hoell, Elke Voss, Hans Joachim Salize
Objective A subproject of the study "Sexual abuse of minors by Catholic priests and deacons in the authority of the German Bishops' conference" deals with aspects of prevention. Method Structured questions were used to record objective data on preventive work. The questionnaire was completed in all 27 dioceses of Germany. Results The average hourly rate available for the work of the prevention officers is about 30 hours per week. At the end of 2014, 59 % of clerics were involved in preventive training. The temporal extent of prevention training differs greatly between individual dioceses...
July 19, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724155/a-family-systems-curriculum-back-to-the-future
#3
Rebekah Schiefer, Alexandra Verdieck Devlaeminck, Holly Hofkamp, Sheldon Levy, Demetrio Sanchez, John Muench
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although both residents and teaching faculty endorse its value, a recent review of family medicine residency programs confirms minimal formal family systems theory training. We consider the historical context of family systems training in family medicine and other competing priorities in practice and residency curricula. METHODS: We developed a longitudinal family systems curriculum, delivered in the third year of a 4-year residency program, and evaluated 2 years of the program using scales to assess self-reported confidence, knowledge and skills...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724154/mapping-residency-global-health-experiences-to-the-acgme-family-medicine-milestones
#4
Maureen O Grissom, Tochi Iroku-Malize, Rita Peila, Marco Perez, Neubert Philippe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Global health (GH) experiences are a unique part of family medicine (FM) training that offer an opportunity for residents to demonstrate development across a multitude of the milestones recently implemented by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The GH experience presents an opportunity for resident development, and including a component of written reflection can provide tangible evidence of development in areas that can be difficult to assess...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724153/actual-and-standardized-patient-evaluations-of-medical-students-skills
#5
Amelia L Sattler, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Steven Y Lin, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physicians must communicate effectively with patients. Actual patients (APs) rarely evaluate medical students' clinical skills; instead, standardized patients (SPs) provide proxy ratings. It is unclear how well SP ratings mirror AP experiences. The aim of this study was to compare AP and SP assessments of medical students' communication skills and professionalism. We hypothesized that their perspectives would be similar, but distinct, and offer insight about how to more reliably include the patient's voice in medical education...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724152/cost-of-incremental-expansion-of-an-existing-family-medicine-residency-program
#6
Evan A Ashkin, Warren P Newton, Brian Toomey, Ronald Lingley, Cristen P Page
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Expanding residency training programs to address shortages in the primary care workforce is challenged by the present graduate medical education (GME) environment. The Medicare funding cap on new GME positions and reductions in the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Teaching Health Center (THC) GME program require innovative solutions to support primary care residency expansion. Sparse literature exists to assist in predicting the actual cost of incremental expansion of a family medicine residency program without federal or state GME support...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724151/assessment-of-addiction-medicine-training-in-family-medicine-residency-programs-a-cera-study
#7
Sebastian Tong, Roy Sabo, Rebecca Aycock, Ramakrishna Prasad, Rebecca Etz, Anton Kuzel, Alex Krist
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a widespread problem but physicians may feel inadequately prepared to provide addiction care. We sought to assess current addiction medicine curricula in US family medicine residencies (FMRs) and evaluate barriers to improving or implementing addiction medicine curricula. METHODS: Questions regarding addiction medicine training were added to the December 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey to US FMR program directors to evaluate each FMR's curriculum, potential workforce production, perceived barriers to improving or implementing curricula and faculty training in addiction medicine...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724150/pregnancy-options-counseling-and-abortion-referrals-among-us-primary-care-physicians-results-from-a-national-survey
#8
Kelsey Holt, Elizabeth Janiak, Marie C McCormick, Ellice Lieberman, Christine Dehlendorf, Sandhya Kajeepeta, Jacquelyn M Caglia, Ana Langer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians (PCPs) can play a critical role in addressing unintended pregnancy through high-quality options counseling and referrals. METHODS: We surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,000 PCPs in general, family, and internal medicine on practices and opinions related to options counseling for unintended pregnancy. We assessed predictors of physician practices using multivariable logistic regression weighted for sampling design and differential non-response...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724072/genome-wide-analysis-of-tar-spot-complex-resistance-in-maize-using-genotyping-by-sequencing-snps-and-whole-genome-prediction
#9
Shiliang Cao, Alexander Loladze, Yibing Yuan, Yongsheng Wu, Ao Zhang, Jiafa Chen, Gordon Huestis, Jingsheng Cao, Vijay Chaikam, Michael Olsen, Boddupalli M Prasanna, Felix San Vicente, Xuecai Zhang
Tar spot complex (TSC) is one of the most destructive foliar diseases of maize ( L.) in tropical and subtropical areas of Central and South America, causing significant grain yield losses when weather conditions are conducive. To dissect the genetic architecture of TSC resistance in maize, association mapping, in conjunction with linkage mapping, was conducted on an association-mapping panel and three biparental doubled-haploid (DH) populations using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724067/multitrait-random-regression-or-simple-repeatability-model-in-high-throughput-phenotyping-data-improve-genomic-prediction-for-wheat-grain-yield
#10
Jin Sun, Jessica E Rutkoski, Jesse A Poland, José Crossa, Jean-Luc Jannink, Mark E Sorrells
High-throughput phenotyping (HTP) platforms can be used to measure traits that are genetically correlated with wheat ( L.) grain yield across time. Incorporating such secondary traits in the multivariate pedigree and genomic prediction models would be desirable to improve indirect selection for grain yield. In this study, we evaluated three statistical models, simple repeatability (SR), multitrait (MT), and random regression (RR), for the longitudinal data of secondary traits and compared the impact of the proposed models for secondary traits on their predictive abilities for grain yield...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724040/cardiac-remodeling-indicators-in-adolescent-athletes
#11
Joaquim Castanheira, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Daniela Costa, Diogo Martinho, Jorge Fernandes, João Duarte, Nuno Sousa, Vasco Vaz, Luis Rama, António Figueiredo, Manuel Coelho-E-Silva
Objective: The idea that different sports and physical training type results in different cardiac adaptations has been widely accepted. However, this remodelling process among different sport modalities is still not fully understood. Thus, the current study aims to investigate the heart morphology variation associated with a set of different modalities characterized by distinct models of preparation and different methods and demands of training and completion. Method: The sample comprises 42 basketball players, 73 roller hockey players, 28 judo athletes and 21 swimmers...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#12
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724015/anti-bullying-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Flávia Carvalho Malta de Mello, Luciane Sá de Andrade, Marina Rezende Bazon, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This paper presents a systematic literature review addressing rigorously planned and assessed interventions intended to reduce school bullying. The search for papers was performed in four databases (Lilacs, Psycinfo, Scielo and Web of Science) and guided by the question: What are the interventions used to reduce bullying in schools? Only case-control studies specifically focusing on school bullying without a time frame were included. The methodological quality of investigations was assessed using the SIGN checklist...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724010/management-of-primary-care-a-challenge-for-international-cooperation-in-health
#14
Luiz Eduardo Fonseca, Maria Cristina Botelho de Figueiredo, Celina Santos Boga Marques Porto
The need to resolve immediate problems in basic healthcare systems and the decisions that must be made in the daily management of healthcare centers must reach beyond awareness of common sense, and be reinforced by the evidence sought in scientific knowledge that will provide a new look at the facts and phenomena that happen on a daily basis. This article examines an experience of triangular cooperation in health between Angola, Brazil and Japan, which took place in Luanda, Angola between 2011 and 2014. The "Project to Strengthen the Healthcare Through the Development of Human Resources at the Josina Hospital and in other Healthcare Services, and to Revitalize Primary Healthcare in Angola (ProForsa)", with the involvement of Fiocruz as the party executing the primary healthcare component...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724005/human-resources-for-health-global-crisis-and-international-cooperation
#15
Gustavo Zoio Portela, Amanda Cavada Fehn, Regina Lucia Sarmento Ungerer, Mario Roberto Dal Poz
From the 1990s onwards, national economies became connected and globalized. Changes in the demographic and epidemiological profile of the population highlighted the need for further discussions and strategies on Human Resources for Health (HRH). The health workforce crisis is a worldwide phenomenon. It includes: difficulties in attracting and retaining health professionals to work in rural and remote areas, poor distribution and high turnover of health staff particularly physicians, poor training of health workforces in new sanitation and demographic conditions and the production of scientific evidence to support HRH decision making, policy management, programs and interventions...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723977/effect-of-inter-train-interval-on-the-induction-of-repetition-suppression-of-motor-evoked-potentials-using-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#16
Minna Pitkänen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Petro Julkunen
Repetition suppression (RS) is evident as a weakened response to repeated stimuli after the initial response. RS has been demonstrated in motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) induced with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Here, we investigated the effect of inter-train interval (ITI) on the induction of RS of MEPs with the attempt to optimize the investigative protocols. Trains of TMS pulses, targeted to the primary motor cortex by neuronavigation, were applied at a stimulation intensity of 120% of the resting motor threshold...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723976/benefits-of-fading-in-perceptual-learning-are-driven-by-more-than-dimensional-attention
#17
Matthew G Wisniewski, Milen L Radell, Barbara A Church, Eduardo Mercado
Individuals learn to classify percepts effectively when the task is initially easy and then gradually increases in difficulty. Some suggest that this is because easy-to-discriminate events help learners focus attention on discrimination-relevant dimensions. Here, we tested whether such attentional-spotlighting accounts are sufficient to explain easy-to-hard effects in auditory perceptual learning. In two experiments, participants were trained to discriminate periodic, frequency-modulated (FM) tones in two separate frequency ranges (300-600 Hz or 3000-6000 Hz)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723906/genomic-prediction-with-parallel-computing-for-slaughter-traits-in-chinese-simmental-beef-cattle-using-high-density-genotypes
#18
Peng Guo, Bo Zhu, Lingyang Xu, Hong Niu, Zezhao Wang, Long Guan, Yonghu Liang, Hemin Ni, Yong Guo, Yan Chen, Lupei Zhang, Xue Gao, Huijiang Gao, Junya Li
Genomic selection has been widely used for complex quantitative trait in farm animals. Estimations of breeding values for slaughter traits are most important to beef cattle industry, and it is worthwhile to investigate prediction accuracies of genomic selection for these traits. In this study, we assessed genomic predictive abilities for average daily gain weight (ADG), live weight (LW), carcass weight (CW), dressing percentage (DP), lean meat percentage (LMP) and retail meat weight (RMW) using Illumina Bovine 770K SNP Beadchip in Chinese Simmental cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723843/no-superior-adaptations-to-carbohydrate-periodization-in-elite-endurance-athletes
#19
Kasper Degn Gejl, Line Thams, Mette Hansen, Torben Rokkedal-Lausch, Peter Plomgaard, Lars Nybo, Filip J Larsen, Daniele A Cardinale, Kurt Jensen, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Kristian Vissing, Niels Ørtenblad
PURPOSE: The present study investigated the effects of periodic CHO restriction on endurance performance and metabolic markers in elite endurance athletes. METHODS: Twenty-six male elite endurance athletes (VO2max: 65.0 ml O2[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) completed 4 weeks of regular endurance training, while matched and randomized into two groups training with (Low) or without (High) carbohydrate (CHO) manipulation three days a week. The CHO manipulation days consisted of a 1-hr high intensity bike session in the morning, recovery for 7 hrs while consuming isocaloric diets containing either high CHO (414±2...
July 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723833/concordance-of-motion-sensor-and-clinician-rated-fall-risk-scores-in-older-adults
#20
Julie Elledge
As the older adult population in the United States continues to grow, developing reliable, valid, and practical methods for identifying fall risk is a high priority. Falls are prevalent in older adults and contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality rates and rising health costs. Identifying at-risk older adults and intervening in a timely manner can reduce falls. Conventional fall risk assessment tools require a health professional trained in the use of each tool for administration and interpretation...
July 18, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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