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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869823/changes-in-metabolic-risk-insulin-resistance-leptin-and-adiponectin-following-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Noemie Travier, Genevieve Buckland, Joan J Vendrell, Sonia Fernandez-Veledo, Immaculada Peiró, Sonia Del Barco, Sonia Pernas, Esther Zamora, Meritxell Bellet, Mireia Margeli, Beatriz Cirauqui, Montserrat Muñoz, Ignasi Tusquets, Angels Arcusa, Casimiro Javierre, Ferran Moreno, Ana Rodriguez, Antonio Agudo
Adiposity and physical activity are modifiable factors that could be important determinants of breast cancer (BC) prognosis through their effects on endogenous reproductive hormones, chronic inflammation and metabolic changes. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate whether offering lifestyle interventions to BC survivors could affect the levels of certain biomarkers involved in these mechanisms. We designed a pre-post intervention study offering diet and exercise sessions over 12 weeks to 42 overweight/obese BC survivors...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866368/different-modalities-of-exercise-improve-macrovascular-function-but-not-microvascular-function-in-metabolic-syndrome-the-resolve-randomized-trial
#2
Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Julien Verney, Frédéric Dutheil, Guillaume Walther
OBJECTIVE: To determine which modality of exercise program (endurance and/or resistance dominance) is the most effective for improving vascular function in the micro- and macrocirculation in metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Sixty-two MetS patients were enrolled in a 6-month lifestyle intervention program based on diet and exercise training. Each participant was randomly assigned to one of 3 groups categorized by exercise modality (e.g. high-intensity resistance or endurance training, or combined moderate-intensity)...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808255/orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-fitness-participants
#3
Carolina Almeida, Vânia Vieira Borba, Lèlita Santos
PURPOSE: Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) is described as an obsessive behaviour motivated by great concern for following a healthy diet. Although it was first described in 1997, ON remains inconspicuous and poorly characterized in the literature. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of ON in a sample of ambulatory individuals and to investigate their common characteristics, attempting to better characterize this entity. METHODS: A non-random sample of 193 adult gym members answered a questionnaire based on a Portuguese version of ORTO-15, supplemented with additional questions...
May 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747957/home-exercise-childhood-obesity-intervention-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-print-versus-web-based-move-it-platforms
#4
Alejandro Bruñó, Patricia Escobar, Ausias Cebolla, Julio Álvarez-Pitti, Jaime Guixeres, Empar Lurbe, Rosa Baños, Juan F Lisón
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of adhering to a Mediterranean diet plus mixed physical exercise program (Move-It) implemented by means of printed instructions or via a web-platform (with or without e-mail support) on body composition, physical fitness, and blood pressure. DESIGN AND METHODS: Randomized clinical trial. Fifty-two overweight or obese Spanish children and adolescents were randomly assigned to the print-based (n = 18), Move-It (n = 18), or Move-It plus support (n = 16) intervention groups...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746264/adherence-to-american-cancer-society-guidelines-on-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-female-cancer-survivors-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-yale-fitness-intervention-trial
#5
So-Hyun Park, M Tish Knobf, Jane Kerstetter, Sangchoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes guidelines on nutrition and physical activity to minimize health risks in cancer patients and survivors. Studies show that high adherence to such guidelines is associated with a decrease in overall cancer incidence and mortality. However, there are sparse data on adherence to the ACS guidelines in cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe adherence to the ACS guidelines in female cancer survivors who participated in an exercise intervention trial for 1 year...
May 9, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719871/a-prospective-metagenomic-and-metabolomic-analysis-of-the-impact-of-exercise-and-or-whey-protein-supplementation-on-the-gut-microbiome-of-sedentary-adults
#6
Owen Cronin, Wiley Barton, Peter Skuse, Nicholas C Penney, Isabel Garcia-Perez, Eileen F Murphy, Trevor Woods, Helena Nugent, Aine Fanning, Silvia Melgar, Eanna C Falvey, Elaine Holmes, Paul D Cotter, Orla O'Sullivan, Michael G Molloy, Fergus Shanahan
Many components of modern living exert influence on the resident intestinal microbiota of humans with resultant impact on host health. For example, exercise-associated changes in the diversity, composition, and functional profiles of microbial populations in the gut have been described in cross-sectional studies of habitual athletes. However, this relationship is also affected by changes in diet, such as changes in dietary and supplementary protein consumption, that coincide with exercise. To determine whether increasing physical activity and/or increased protein intake modulates gut microbial composition and function, we prospectively challenged healthy but sedentary adults with a short-term exercise regime, with and without concurrent daily whey protein consumption...
May 2018: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705753/high-intensity-interval-training-or-continuous-training-combined-or-not-with-fasting-in-obese-or-overweight-women-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Andrea De Lorenzo, Diogo Van Bavel, Roger de Moraes, Eduardo V Tibiriça
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity and increased caloric intake play important roles in the pathophysiology of obesity. Increasing physical activity and modifying eating behaviours are first-line interventions, frequently hampered by lack of time to exercise and difficulties in coping with different diets. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may be a time-efficient method compared with moderate-intensity continuous training (CT). Conversely, diets with a fasting component may be more effective than other complex and restrictive diets, as it essentially limits caloric intake to a specified period without major diet composition changes...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703242/an-ehealth-program-versus-a-standard-care-supervised-health-program-and-associated-health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-mobility-disability-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Daniel Berglind, Gisela Nyberg, Mikaela Willmer, Margareta Persson, Michael Wells, Yvonne Forsell
BACKGROUND: Young adults with mobility disability (MD) are less likely to engage in regular physical activity (PA) compared with their able-bodied peers and inactive adults with a MD are more likely to report one or more chronic diseases compared to those who are physically active. Despite the vast amount of research published in the field of PA interventions over the past decades, little attention has been focused on interventions aiming to increase PA among individuals with MD. Thus, we propose to compare the effects of an eHealth program compared to a usual care supervised health program on levels of PA and other health behaviors...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679294/gender-differences-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-of-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#9
Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center...
April 20, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675943/relationship-of-anxiety-with-joint-pain-and-its-management-a-population-survey
#10
Lauren A Barnett, Mark G Pritchard, John J Edwards, Ebenezer K Afolabi, Kelvin P Jordan, Emma L Healey, Andrew G Finney, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Christian D Mallen, Krysia S Dziedzic
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study was to examine the associations between the severity of pain and anxiety in a community population reporting joint pain, and to investigate the management of joint pain in the presence of comorbid anxiety. METHODS: A population survey was carried out of people aged ≥45 years, registered with eight general practices in Cheshire, Shropshire and Staffordshire, UK. Respondents were asked to report pain intensity in their hands, hips, knees and feet (on a numerical rating scale), anxiety symptoms (Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item [GAD-7] scale) and guideline-recommended treatments used to manage pain...
April 20, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669711/an-exercise-intervention-to-unravel-the-mechanisms-underlying-insulin-resistance-in-a-cohort-of-black-south-african-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants
#11
Julia H Goedecke, Amy E Mendham, Louise Clamp, Pamela A Nono Nankam, Melony C Fortuin-de Smidt, Lindokuhle Phiri, Lisa K Micklesfield, Dheshnie Keswell, Nicholas J Woudberg, Sandrine Lecour, Ali Alhamud, Mamadou Kaba, Faith M Lutomia, Paul J van Jaarsveld, Anniza de Villiers, Steven E Kahn, Elin Chorell, Jon Hauksson, Tommy Olsson
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in black African women is complex and differs from that in their white counterparts. However, earlier studies have been cross-sectional and provide little insight into the causal pathways. Exercise training is consistently used as a model to examine the mechanisms underlying insulin resistance and risk for T2D. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the mechanisms underlying the changes in insulin sensitivity and secretion in response to a 12-week exercise intervention in obese black South African (SA) women...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658202/physical-training-in-a-medical-fitness-room-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases-functional-and-metabolic-outcomes
#12
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643758/prevalence-of-supplement-use-in-recreationally-active-kazakhstan-university-students
#13
Denis Vinnikov, Zhanna Romanova, Anar Dushpanova, Karashash Absatarova, Zhazira Utepbergenova
Background: Little is known about the supplements use and recreational sport practices in Kazakhstan university students. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ascertain supplements use prevalence and their predictors in this population. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of both undergraduate and graduate level students was completed in 2017 et al.-Farabi Kazakh National University, the largest higher institution in the country, from almost all Schools. A 45-item questionnaire was used to record physical activity, supplements use, lifestyle attributes (smoking, alcohol, sleep, etc...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556158/calorie-restriction-regime-enhances-physical-performance-of-trained-athletes
#14
Victoria Pons, Joan Riera, Xavier Capó, Miquel Martorell, Antoni Sureda, Josep A Tur, Franchek Drobnic, Antoni Pons
Background: Caloric restriction induces mitochondrial biogenesis and improves physical fitness in rodents. We aimed to provide evidence of how caloric restriction affects the body composition and physical performance of trained athletes and to evaluate the possible impact of an every-other-day feeding diet on nutritional deficiencies of micronutrients and essential fatty acids. Methods: The study was performed with 12 healthy male athletes by carrying out a 33% caloric restriction with respect to their usual diet...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499766/effects-of-combined-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-program-and-mediterranean-diet-recommendations-after-myocardial-infarction-interfarct-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Sara Maldonado-Martín, Jon Ander Jayo-Montoya, Tatiana Matajira-Chia, Beatriz Villar-Zabala, Juan José Goiriena, G Rodrigo Aispuru
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy has long been used for rehabilitation purposes after myocardial infarction (MI) and the benefit of regular physical exercise is also well-established. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been proposed to be more effective than continuous exercise for improving exercise capacity and health-related adaptations to low-volume (LV) and HIIT are also known. Furthermore, the Mediterranean diet (Mediet) has been widely reported to be a model of healthy eating for its contribution to a favorable health status and a better quality of life, reducing overall mortality...
March 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477492/clustering-of-health-behaviors-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-among-u-s-adolescents
#16
Jacob Hartz, Leah Yingling, Colby Ayers, Joel Adu-Brimpong, Joshua Rivers, Chaarushi Ahuja, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
PURPOSE: Decreased cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, little is known how the interaction of diet, physical activity (PA), and sedentary time (ST) affects CRF among adolescents. By using a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents, we used cluster analysis to investigate the interactions of these behaviors with CRF. We hypothesized that distinct clustering patterns exist and that less healthy clusters are associated with lower CRF...
May 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428333/the-fit-beauty-ideal-a-healthy-alternative-to-thinness-or-a-wolf-in-sheep-s-clothing
#17
Laura R Uhlmann, Caroline L Donovan, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Hayley S Bell, Robin A Ramme
Anecdotal testimony suggests the 'fit' female body ideal is 'healthier' than the thin ideal, because it simultaneously focuses on muscularity. However, statistical investigation into the outcomes associated with fit ideal internalisation is absent. Moderation analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent muscular internalisation mitigated the relationship between thin internalisation and; negative affect, body dissatisfaction, bulimic symptoms, and dieting. Further analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent thin internalisation amplified the relationship between muscular internalisation, compulsive exercise, and supplement use...
February 9, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395374/effects-of-weight-changes-in-the-autonomic-nervous-system-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
João Costa, André Moreira, Pedro Moreira, Luís Delgado, Diana Silva
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been linked to autonomic dysfunction, which is thought to be one of the main contributors for hypertension, cardiac remodelling and death. Exercise and diet-based weight loss are the mainstay therapy for obesity, but there is a paucity of data regarding the effect of weight changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of weight changes in autonomic nervous system. METHODS: A systematic literature search of four biomedical databases was performed evaluating effects of weight changes, thorough diet and/or exercise-based interventions, in the following ANS outcomes: heart rate variability, namely low frequency (LF)/high frequency (HF) ratio (LF/HF ratio), normalized units of LF (LFnu) and HF (HFnu), muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), noradrenaline spillover rate (NA-SR), standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals (SDNN), root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), baroreflex sensitivity and pupillometry...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391802/adhd-and-lifestyle-habits-in-czech-adults-a-national-sample
#19
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Vnukova, Jiri Raboch, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Lucie Domkarova, Michal Goetz
Background: Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been added as a diagnosis to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 5 (DSM5) in 2013, thus making ADHD, which has been classically known as a childhood disorder, a life-long disorder. Those suffering from the condition show very specific behavioral traits, which manifest as lifestyle habits; they also show comorbidities that can be the symptoms and/or consequences of certain lifestyles. Materials and methods: The targeted population was adults aged 18-65 years...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378041/better-diet-quality-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-a-reduced-likelihood-of-an-infant-born-small-for-gestational-age-an-analysis-of-the-prospective-new-hampshire-birth-cohort-study
#20
Jennifer A Emond, Margaret R Karagas, Emily R Baker, Diane Gilbert-Diamond
Background: Birth weight has a U-shaped relation with chronic disease. Diet quality during pregnancy may impact fetal growth and infant birth weight, yet findings are inconclusive. Objective: We examined the relation between maternal diet quality during pregnancy and infant birth size among women enrolled in a prospective birth cohort. Methods: Women 18-45 y old with a singleton pregnancy were recruited at 24-28 wk of gestation from prenatal clinics in New Hampshire...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
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