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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600319/microbiome-and-nafld-potential-influence-of-aerobic-fitness-and-lifestyle-modification
#1
Matthew R Panasevich, Willem T Peppler, Daniel B Oerther, David C Wright, R Scott Rector
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease with prevalence rates that are on the rise in the US and worldwide. NAFLD encompasses a spectrum of liver pathologies including simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with inflammation and fibrosis. The gut microbiome has emerged as a potential therapeutic target in combating metabolic diseases including obesity, type 2 diabetes, and NAFLD/NASH. Diet-induced obesity/Western style diet feeding causes severe microbial dysbiosis initiating a microbiome signature that promotes metabolite production that directly impacts hepatic metabolism...
June 9, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595022/qualitative-analysis-of-drivers-and-barriers-to-adhering-to-an-exercise-protein-intervention-designed-to-counteract-sarcopenia
#2
Annemarthe L Herrema, Marjan J Westerman, Ellen J I van Dongen, Urszula Kudla, Martijn Veltkamp
Interventions combining protein-rich diets with resistance exercises seem a promising avenue in helping to prevent sarcopenia. However, compliance to health interventions is generally low. The aim of the present study was to provide qualitative insights into the drivers and barriers that older adults experience when trying to comply with a combined dietary and physical exercise intervention. Semi-structured interviews with eighteen older adults participating in such an intervention were conducted and analysed using thematic content analysis...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561685/lifestyle-interventions-to-improve-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence
#3
Mark J Haykowsky, Jessica M Scott, Kathryn Hudson, Neelima Denduluri
As patients are living longer after a cancer diagnosis, survivorship is becoming increasingly important in cancer care. The sequelae of multimodality therapies include weight gain and decreased cardiorespiratory fitness, which increase cardiovascular risk. Evidence suggests that physical activity reduces the risk of breast cancer recurrence and death. Avoidance of weight gain after therapy also improves outcomes after a diagnosis of breast cancer. Prospective randomized trials must be performed to determine the benefits of specific physical activity and dietary habits for survivors of breast cancer...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512158/association-between-changes-in-fat-distribution-and-biomarkers-for-breast-cancer
#4
Willemijn A van Gemert, Evelyn M Monninkhof, Anne M May, Sjoerd G Elias, Job van der Palen, Wouter Veldhuis, Maaike Stapper, Rebecca K Stellato, Jantine A Schuit, Petra H Peeters
We assessed the associations between changes in total and abdominal fat and changes in biomarkers for breast cancer risk using data of the SHAPE-2 trial. In the SHAPE-2 trial, 243 postmenopausal overweight women were included. The intervention in this trial consisted of 5-6 kg weight loss either by diet only or exercise plus diet. After 16 weeks, we measured serum sex hormones, inflammatory markers, total body fat (measured by DEXA scan) and intra and subcutaneous abdominal fat (measured by MRI). Associations between changes in different body fat depots and biomarkers were analysed by linear regression using the study cohort irrespective of randomisation to make maximal use of the distribution of changes in fat measures...
June 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437380/lifestyle-and-neurocognition-in-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-cognitive-impairment
#5
James A Blumenthal, Patrick J Smith, Stephanie Mabe, Alan Hinderliter, Kathleen Welsh-Bohmer, Jeffrey N Browndyke, Pao-Hwa Lin, William Kraus, P Murali Doraiswamy, James Burke, Andrew Sherwood
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of lifestyle factors and neurocognitive functioning in older adults with vascular risk factors and cognitive impairment, without dementia (CIND). METHODS: One hundred sixty adults (Mean = 65.4±6.8 years) with CIND completed neurocognitive assessments of executive function, processing speed, and memory. Objective measures of physical activity using accelerometry, aerobic capacity determined by exercise testing, and dietary habits quantified by the Food Frequency Questionnaire and 4-Day Food Diary to assess adherence to the Mediterranean and DASH diets were obtained to assess direct effects with neurocognition...
April 21, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423969/process-evaluation-of-the-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-pulse-program-randomized-controlled-trial-recruitment-engagement-and-overall-satisfaction
#6
Elroy J Aguiar, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Myles D Young, Robin Callister
BACKGROUND: Men are underrepresented in weight loss and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention studies. PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of recruitment, and acceptability of the T2DM Prevention Using LifeStyle Education (PULSE) Program-a gender-targeted, self-administered intervention for men. METHODS: Men (18-65 years, high risk for T2DM) were randomized to intervention ( n = 53) or wait-list control groups ( n = 48). The 6-month PULSE Program intervention focused on weight loss, diet, and exercise for T2DM prevention...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401139/family-physician-led-team-based-lifestyle-intervention-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-results-of-a-multicentre-feasibility-project
#7
Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Daren K Heyland, Roger Leung, Andrew G Day, Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, Angelo Tremblay, David M Mutch, Lew Pliamm, Caroline Rhéaume, Doug Klein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a medical condition with major complications and health care costs. Previous research has shown that diet and exercise can improve and reverse this condition. The goal of this study was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of implementing the Canadian Health Advanced by Nutrition and Graded Exercise (CHANGE) program into diverse family medicine practices to improve MetS. METHODS: In this longitudinal before-after study, 305 adult patients with MetS were recruited from 3 diverse family medicine team-based organizations to the CHANGE personalized diet and exercise program...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399076/effects-of-a-10-day-intensive-health-promotion-program-combining-diet-and-physical-activity-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-blood-factors-of-young-adults-a-randomized-pilot-study
#8
Kyoung Soon Lee, Jae Koo Lee, Young Ran Yeun
BACKGROUND A lifestyle characterized by poor eating habits and physical inactivity is a risk factor for multiple lifestyle diseases in young adults. This study assessed the effects of implementing an intensive 10-day health promotion program combining diet and physical activities on body composition, physical fitness, and biochemical parameters of young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this randomized pilot study, 30 female undergraduate students were randomly allocated to an intervention and a control group...
April 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392918/body-dissatisfaction-excessive-exercise-and-weight-change-strategies-used-by-first-year-undergraduate-students-comparing-health-and-physical-education-and-other-education-students
#9
Zali Yager, Tonia Gray, Christina Curry, Siân A McLean
BACKGROUND: Health and Physical Education (HPE) teachers are known to be under social-, personal-, and employment-related pressure to be and appear physically fit, and to use dangerous dieting and weight control practices. This is problematic due to the influence this may have on their own health and the potential to model these attitudes and behaviours to their future students. METHODS: In this paper, we compare the body image, dieting, disordered eating, and exercise behaviours of first year, HPE, and non-HPE, teacher education students...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374726/-the-association-between-physical-inactivity-and-other-behavioural-risk-factors-of-the-development-of-chronic-non-communicative-diseases-among-the-students
#10
A P Anishchenko, A N Arkhangel'skaya, D A Pustovalov, E V Rogoznaya, A L Urakov, K G Gurevich
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the possible association between the physical inactivity and other behavioural risk factors of the development of chronic non- communicable diseases among the young persons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 216 1-2 grade students at the mean age of 18.8±1.3 years including 136 women and 80 men educated at A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State Medical Stomatological University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, were recruited for the examination...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360096/the-microbiome-of-professional-athletes-differs-from-that-of-more-sedentary-subjects-in-composition-and-particularly-at-the-functional-metabolic-level
#11
Wiley Barton, Nicholas C Penney, Owen Cronin, Isabel Garcia-Perez, Michael G Molloy, Elaine Holmes, Fergus Shanahan, Paul D Cotter, Orla O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: It is evident that the gut microbiota and factors that influence its composition and activity effect human metabolic, immunological and developmental processes. We previously reported that extreme physical activity with associated dietary adaptations, such as that pursued by professional athletes, is associated with changes in faecal microbial diversity and composition relative to that of individuals with a more sedentary lifestyle. Here we address the impact of these factors on the functionality/metabolic activity of the microbiota which reveals even greater separation between exercise and a more sedentary state...
March 30, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358644/exercise-addiction-risk-and-health-in-male-and-female-amateur-endurance-cyclists
#12
Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Javier Simón-Grima, Carlos Peñarrubia-Lozano, Diego Munguía-Izquierdo, Diego Moliner-Urdiales, Alejandro Legaz-Arrese
Background and aims To determine the relationship between the risk of exercise addiction (REA) and health status in amateur endurance cyclists. Methods In 859 (751 men and 108 women) cyclists and 718 inactive subjects (307 men and 411 women), we examined the REA (Exercise Addiction Inventory), training status (volume, frequency, experience, and performance), socioeconomic status, quality of life (QoL) (SF-12), quality of sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and cardiometabolic risk: body mass index, physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), physical condition (International Fitness Scale), adherence to the Mediterranean diet (Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener), alcohol and tobacco consumption...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267098/it-comes-with-the-job-work-organizational-job-design-and-self-regulatory-barriers-to-improving-the-health-status-of-train-drivers
#13
Anjum Naweed, Janine Chapman, Matthew Allan, Joshua Trigg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impacts of key barriers to improving the occupational health status of Australian train drivers. METHODS: From May to June, 2015, five semi-structured qualitative focus groups were conducted with 29 train drivers from South Australian, Victorian, and New South Wales-based rail organizations in Australia. RESULTS: Occupational health was impeded by multiple barriers regarding sleep (patterns/fatigue), diet (planning/context), mental health (occupational stress), rostering (low autonomy), sedentary time, low fitness motivation, and family/social life conflicts...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255098/outcomes-of-an-integrated-community-based-nurse-led-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-programme
#14
S B Connolly, K Kotseva, C Jennings, A Atrey, J Jones, A Brown, P Bassett, D A Wood
BACKGROUND: National guidance for England recommends that cardiovascular disease (CVD) should be managed as a family of diseases in the community. Here, we describe the results of such an approach. METHODS: Patients with established CVD or who were at high multifactorial risk (HRI) underwent a 12-week community-based nurse-led prevention programme (MyAction) that included lifestyle and risk factor management, prescription of medication and weekly exercise and education sessions...
March 2, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239404/impact-of-a-6-week-non-energy-restricted-ketogenic-diet-on-physical-fitness-body-composition-and-biochemical-parameters-in-healthy-adults
#15
Paul Urbain, Lena Strom, Lena Morawski, Anja Wehrle, Peter Deibert, Hartmut Bertz
BACKGROUND: The ketogenic diet (KD) is a very low-carbohydrate, high-fat and adequate-protein diet that without limiting calories induces different metabolic adaptations, eg, increased levels of circulating ketone bodies and a shift to lipid metabolism. Our objective was to assess the impact of a 6-week non-energy-restricted KD in healthy adults beyond cohorts of athletes on physical performance, body composition, and blood parameters. METHODS: Our single arm, before-and-after comparison study consisted of a 6-week KD with a previous preparation period including detailed instructions during classes and individual counselling by a dietitian...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216643/effect-of-an-obesity-prevention-program-focused-on-motivating-environments-in-childhood-a-school-based-prospective-study
#16
Y Yang, B Kang, E Y Lee, H K Yang, H-S Kim, S-Y Lim, J-H Lee, S-S Lee, B-K Suh, K-H Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There has been an increasing global recognition of the need for effective strategies to prevent and control childhood obesity. In this study, we aimed to identify the effectiveness of an obesity prevention program focused on motivating environments in school. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this school-based, prospective, quasi-experimental study, we enrolled three elementary (fourth graders) and two middle (seventh graders) schools located in Chungju, Korea...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208847/effect-of-different-phases-of-menstrual-cycle-on-cardio-respiratory-efficiency-in-normal-overweight-and-obese-female-undergraduate-students
#17
Nazrin Samsudeen, Archana Rajagopalan
INTRODUCTION: The influence of obesity on cardio-respiratory efficiency in the various phases of menstrual cycle is not well understood until now. As majority of Indian women have a favourable attitude towards participation in sports it is significant to understand the variation in exercise performance during different phases of menstrual cycle to have an optimum performance. AIM: To evaluate the endurance capacity and cardio-respiratory responses in normal, obese and overweight female undergraduate students during different phases of menstrual cycle...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109619/obesity-and-heart-failure-focus-on-the-obesity-paradox
#18
REVIEW
Salvatore Carbone, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena
The escalating prevalence of obesity has been linked to substantial increases in both metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, the direct effects of obesity on cardiovascular health and function require further exploration. In particular, the relationship between obesity and cardiac function has received intense scrutiny. Although obesity increases the risk for development of heart failure (HF), it appears to exert a protective effect in patients in whom HF has already been diagnosed (the "obesity paradox")...
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#19
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044449/efficacy-of-a-randomized-trial-examining-commercial-weight-loss-programs-and-exercise-on-metabolic-syndrome-in-overweight-and-obese-women
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Claire Baetge, Conrad P Earnest, Brittanie Lockard, Adriana M Coletta, Elfego Galvan, Christopher Rasmussen, Kyle Levers, Sunday Y Simbo, Y Peter Jung, Majid Koozehchian, Jonathan Oliver, Ryan Dalton, Brittany Sanchez, Michael J Byrd, Deepesh Khanna, Andrew Jagim, Julie Kresta, Mike Greenwood, Richard B Kreider
While commercial dietary weight-loss programs typically advise exercise, few provide actual programing. The goal of this study was to compare the Curves Complete 90-day Challenge (CC, n = 29), which incorporates exercising and diet, to programs advocating exercise (Weight Watchers Points Plus (WW, n = 29), Jenny Craig At Home (JC, n = 27), and Nutrisystem Advance Select (NS, n = 28)) or control (n = 20) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and weight loss. We randomized 133 sedentary, overweight women (age, 47 ± 11 years; body mass, 86 ± 14 kg; body mass index, 35 ± 6 kg/m(2)) into respective treatment groups for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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