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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208847/effect-of-different-phases-of-menstrual-cycle-on-cardio-respiratory-efficiency-in-normal-overweight-and-obese-female-undergraduate-students
#1
Nazrin Samsudeen, Archana Rajagopalan
INTRODUCTION: The influence of obesity on cardio-respiratory efficiency in the various phases of menstrual cycle is not well understood until now. As majority of Indian women have a favourable attitude towards participation in sports it is significant to understand the variation in exercise performance during different phases of menstrual cycle to have an optimum performance. AIM: To evaluate the endurance capacity and cardio-respiratory responses in normal, obese and overweight female undergraduate students during different phases of menstrual cycle...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109619/obesity-and-heart-failure-focus-on-the-obesity-paradox
#2
REVIEW
Salvatore Carbone, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena
The escalating prevalence of obesity has been linked to substantial increases in both metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, the direct effects of obesity on cardiovascular health and function require further exploration. In particular, the relationship between obesity and cardiac function has received intense scrutiny. Although obesity increases the risk for development of heart failure (HF), it appears to exert a protective effect in patients in whom HF has already been diagnosed (the "obesity paradox")...
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#3
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044449/efficacy-of-a-randomized-trial-examining-commercial-weight-loss-programs-and-exercise-on-metabolic-syndrome-in-overweight-and-obese-women
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Claire Baetge, Conrad P Earnest, Brittanie Lockard, Adriana M Coletta, Elfego Galvan, Christopher Rasmussen, Kyle Levers, Sunday Y Simbo, Y Peter Jung, Majid Koozehchian, Jonathan Oliver, Ryan Dalton, Brittany Sanchez, Michael J Byrd, Deepesh Khanna, Andrew Jagim, Julie Kresta, Mike Greenwood, Richard B Kreider
While commercial dietary weight-loss programs typically advise exercise, few provide actual programing. The goal of this study was to compare the Curves Complete 90-day Challenge (CC, n = 29), which incorporates exercising and diet, to programs advocating exercise (Weight Watchers Points Plus (WW, n = 29), Jenny Craig At Home (JC, n = 27), and Nutrisystem Advance Select (NS, n = 28)) or control (n = 20) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and weight loss. We randomized 133 sedentary, overweight women (age, 47 ± 11 years; body mass, 86 ± 14 kg; body mass index, 35 ± 6 kg/m(2)) into respective treatment groups for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028784/is-cardiorespiratory-fitness-impaired-in-pcos-women-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
S Donà, E Bacchi, P Moghetti
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common and heterogeneous endocrine disorder, affecting 8-12% of reproductive-aged women. Insulin resistance and body fat excess are common features in these subjects. Increased physical activity and diet modifications are the first recommended approach in the management of these women, at least in overweight/obese subjects. Evaluation of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is important in assessing exercise performance and in monitoring the effects of physical exercise interventions...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951413/immunometabolic-parameters-in-overweight-dogs-during-weight-loss-with-or-without-an-exercise-program
#6
A D Vitger, B M Stallknecht, J E Miles, S L Hansen, A Vegge, C R Bjørnvad
The influence of physical activity on metabolic health in overweight dogs is unknown. This study was conducted to evaluate biomarkers of immunometabolic health in relation to changes in physical activity and adiposity. Client-owned overweight dogs participated in a 12-wk intervention based on caloric restriction combined with a training program (fitness and diet [FD] group, n = 8), or caloric restriction alone (diet-only [DO] group, n = 8). Physical activity was monitored by accelerometry. All dogs were fed the same diet and achieved similar weight loss...
November 11, 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903842/a-comprehensive-lifestyle-randomized-clinical-trial-design-and-initial-patient-experience
#7
Banu Arun, Taylor Austin, Gildy V Babiera, Karen Basen-Engquist, Cindy L Carmack, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen, Lisa Connelly, Robin Haddad, Carol Harrison, Yisheng Li, Smitha Mallaiah, Raghuram Nagarathna, Patricia A Parker, George H Perkins, James M Reuben, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Amy Spelman, Anil Sood, Peiying Yang, Sai-Ching J Yeung
BACKGROUND: Although epidemiological research demonstrates that there is an association between lifestyle factors and risk of breast cancer recurrence, progression of disease, and mortality, no comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trials have been conducted to determine if changing multiple risk factors leads to changes in biobehavioral processes and clinical outcomes in women with breast cancer. This article describes the design, feasibility, adherence to the intervention and data collection, and patient experience of a comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trial (CompLife)...
November 30, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823703/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-home-based-sleep-among-overweight-and-obese-men-with-chronic-insomnia-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Xiao Tan, Markku Alén, Petri Wiklund, Markku Partinen, Sulin Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a six-month aerobic exercise program on home-based sleep quality among overweight and obese men with chronic insomnia symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 45 Finnish men (93% had body mass index ≥25) aged 30-65 years, with chronic (≥3 months) insomnia symptoms as classified by the DSM-IV criteria. Participants were randomized into an exercise (n = 24) or control group (n = 21). The exercise group received six-month aerobic exercise intervention with one to five sessions per week of 30-60 minutes duration...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817910/sugars-exercise-and-health
#9
REVIEW
Roberto Codella, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
BACKGROUND: There is a direct link between a variety of addictions and mood states to which exercise could be relieving. Sugar addiction has been recently counted as another binge/compulsive/addictive eating behavior, differently induced, leading to a high-significant health problem. Regularly exercising at moderate intensity has been shown to efficiently and positively impact upon physiological imbalances caused by several morbid conditions, including affective disorders. Even in a wider set of physchiatric diseases, physical exercise has been prescribed as a complementary therapeutic strategy...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807666/effects-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-programme-on-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-oesophageal-cancer-survivors-the-restore-feasibility-study
#10
Emer M Guinan, Suzanne L Doyle, Linda O'Neill, Margaret R Dunne, Emma K Foley, Jacintha O'Sullivan, John V Reynolds, Juliette Hussey
PURPOSE: Physical, nutritional and quality-of-life compromises are known sequelae of oesophageal cancer (OC) treatment. Inflammation and oxidative stress may be relevant to adverse consequences. Multimodal rehabilitation involving exercise and diet prescription may attenuate some of the negative consequences and optimise survivorship, and this was assessed in this feasibility study in OC patients at least 1 year post-oesophagectomy. METHODS: The 12-week programme included supervised and home-based exercise, dietetic counselling to ensure energy balance and multidisciplinary education...
March 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792174/-a-vegetarian-vs-conventional-hypocaloric-diet-the-effect-on-physical-fitness-in-response-to-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-parallel-randomized-study
#11
Jiri Veleba, Martin Matoulek, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova, Hana Kahleova
It has been shown that it is possible to modify macronutrient oxidation, physical fitness and resting energy expenditure (REE) by changes in diet composition. Furthermore, mitochondrial oxidation can be significantly increased by a diet with a low glycemic index. The purpose of our trial was to compare the effects of a vegetarian (V) and conventional diet (C) with the same caloric restriction (-500 kcal/day) on physical fitness and REE after 12 weeks of diet plus aerobic exercise in 74 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
October 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789212/multi-modal-exercise-training-and-protein-pacing-enhances-physical-performance-adaptations-independent-of-growth-hormone-and-bdnf-but-may-be-dependent-on-igf-1-in-exercise-trained-men
#12
Stephen J Ives, Chelsea Norton, Vincent Miller, Olivia Minicucci, Jake Robinson, Gabe O'Brien, Daniela Escudero, Maia Paul, Caitlin Sheridan, Kathryn Curran, Kayla Rose, Nathaniel Robinson, Feng He, Paul J Arciero
OBJECTIVE: Protein-pacing (P; 5-6meals/day @ 2.0g/kgBW/day) and multi-mode exercise (RISE; resistance, interval, stretching, endurance) training (PRISE) improves muscular endurance, strength, power and arterial health in exercise-trained women. The current study extends these findings by examining PRISE on fitness, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) response, cardiometabolic health, and body composition in exercise-trained men...
October 15, 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753997/ed-07-2-to-lift-walk-or-run-what-is-the-optimal-mode-of-exercise-to-reduce-hypertension-and-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Peter Kokkinos
A plethora of evidence exists supporting that structured aerobic exercise or activities that increase cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) lower resting blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension (HTN). Relatively few studies have assessed the effects of anaerobic or resistance exercise on BP. Thus, its role in managing HTN is not defined. Also, possible risks related with exercise in hypertensive patients have not been adequately addressed.In addition to lowering BP, CRF attenuates the incidence of HTN. A substantial part of the age-related progression to HTN is not an inevitable outcome of aging as once thought, but a consequence of lifestyle characterized by high-fat/salt diets and physical inactivity...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753214/how-to-make-stone-soup-is-the-paleo-diet-a-missed-opportunity-for-anthropologists
#14
Melanie L Chang, April Nowell
For the past few years, people everywhere have been "going Paleo." Websites and social media touting the benefits of eating a "Paleo diet" and following a "Paleolithic life style" serve as calls to arms for health-conscious individuals seeking information about the latest health and fitness trends. Many of these people participate in programs such as Crossfit, which involve major social and life-style modification components and therefore facilitate the dissemination of dietary fads.(1) The PALEOf(x)(TM) conference, which bills itself as "the world's premier holistic wellness event," has attracted sellout crowds of thousands of attendees for the last four years...
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747780/athletes-fit-but-unhealthy
#15
Philip B Maffetone, Paul B Laursen
While the words "fit" and "healthy" are often used synonymously in everyday language, the terms have entirely separate meanings. Fitness describes the ability to perform a given exercise task, and health explains a person's state of well-being, where physiological systems work in harmony. Although we typically view athletes as fit and healthy, they often are not. The global term we place on unhealthy athletes is the overtraining syndrome. In this current opinion, we propose that two primary drivers may contribute to the development of the overtraining syndrome, namely high training intensity and the modern-day highly processed, high glycemic diet...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721919/independent-effects-of-diet-and-exercise-training-on-fat-oxidation-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Ilaria Croci, Nuala M Byrne, Veronique S Chachay, Andrew P Hills, Andrew D Clouston, Trisha M O'Moore-Sullivan, Johannes B Prins, Graeme A Macdonald, Ingrid J Hickman
AIM: To investigate the independent effects of 6-mo of dietary energy restriction or exercise training on whole-body and hepatic fat oxidation of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: Participants were randomised into either circuit exercise training (EX; n = 13; 3 h/wk without changes in dietary habits), or dietary energy restriction (ER) without changes in structured physical activity (ER; n = 8). Respiratory quotient (RQ) and whole-body fat oxidation rates (Fatox) were determined by indirect calorimetry under basal, insulin-stimulated and exercise conditions...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669449/voluntary-running-attenuates-metabolic-dysfunction-in-ovariectomized-low-fit-rats
#17
Young-Min Park, Jaume Padilla, Jill A Kanaley, Terese M Zidon, Rebecca J Welly, Steven L Britton, Lauren G Koch, John P Thyfault, Frank W Booth, Victoria J Vieira-Potter
INTRODUCTION: Ovariectomy and high-fat diet (HFD) worsen obesity and metabolic dysfunction associated with low aerobic fitness. Exercise training mitigates metabolic abnormalities induced by low aerobic fitness, but whether the protective effect is maintained after ovariectomy and HFD is unknown. PURPOSE: This study determined whether, after ovariectomy and HFD, exercise training improves metabolic function in rats bred for low intrinsic aerobic capacity. METHODS: Female rats selectively bred for low (LCR) and high (HCR) intrinsic aerobic capacity (n = 30) were ovariectomized, fed HFD, and randomized to either a sedentary (SED) or voluntary wheel running (EX) group...
February 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642908/ed-07-2-to-lift-walk-or-run-what-is-the-optimal-mode-of-exercise-to-reduce-hypertension-and-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Peter Kokkinos
A plethora of evidence exists supporting that structured aerobic exercise or activities that increase cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) lower resting blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension (HTN). Relatively few studies have assessed the effects of anaerobic or resistance exercise on BP. Thus, its role in managing HTN is not defined. Also, possible risks related with exercise in hypertensive patients have not been adequately addressed.In addition to lowering BP, CRF attenuates the incidence of HTN. A substantial part of the age-related progression to HTN is not an inevitable outcome of aging as once thought, but a consequence of lifestyle characterized by high-fat/salt diets and physical inactivity...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631220/a-comparison-of-bone-mineral-densities-and-body-composition-between-southeast-asia-college-students-and-chinese-college-students
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Peng Liu, Ziliang Ye, Jingjing Lu, Haili Lu, Liping Guan, Zhihai Teng, Shangzhi Gao, Mingyi Li
The aim of this study was to compare bone mineral densities (BMDs) and body composition between Southeast Asia college students and Chinese college students, in order to provide a certain reference enhancing college students' physical fitness.A total of 1694 Chinese college students (294 men and 1400 women, aged 18-22 years) and 250 Southeast Asia college students (148 men and 102 women, aged 19-22 years) were included in the study. Weight, height, and body mass index were measured anthropometrically. BMD values were determined by ultrasound bone densitometer and body composition was determined by body composition analyzer...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628211/health-behaviors-of-culturally-diverse-inner-city-community-college-students
#20
Janet R Heller, Ariel L Sarmiento
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of risk behaviors related to cigarette use, alcohol use, nutrition, physical fitness, and sexual behavior. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 1,075 students attending an urban community college during the Spring 2012 semester. METHODS: Data were collected in randomly selected classes using the American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) paper survey and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22 for frequencies and chi-square test of independence...
August 16, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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