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Nutrition fetal programming

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924631/effects-of-postweaning-calorie-restriction-on-accelerated-growth-and-adiponectin-in-nutritionally-programmed-microswine-offspring
#1
Elizabeth A DuPriest, Baoyu Lin, Philipp Kupfer, Kaiu Sekiguchi, Amruta Bhusari, Alexandra Quackenbush, Almir Celebic, Terry K Morgan, Jonathan Q Purnell, Susan Pound Bagby
Poor prenatal development followed by rapid childhood growth conveys greater cardiometabolic risk in later life. Microswine offspring exposed to perinatal maternal protein restriction (MPR; "low protein offspring", LPO) grow poorly in late-fetal/neonatal stages. After weaning to ad libitum (AL) diet, LPO-AL exhibit accelerated growth and fat deposition rates with low adiponectin mRNA despite low-normal body fat and small intra-abdominal adipocytes. We examined effects of caloric restriction (CR) on growth and metabolic status in LPO and normal protein offspring (NPO) randomized to AL or CR diets from weaning...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879830/genetic-management-and-nutritional-factors-affecting-intramuscular-fat-deposition-in-beef-cattle
#2
Seung Ju Park, Seok-Hyeon Beak, Da Jin Sol Jung, Sang Yeob Kim, In Hyuk Jeong, Min Yu Piao, Hyeok Joong Kang, Dilla Mareistia Fassah, Sang Weon Na, Seon Pil Yoo, Myunggi Baik
Intramuscular fat (IMF) content in skeletal muscle including the longissimus dorsi muscle (LM), also known as marbling fat, is one of the most important factors determining beef quality in several countries including Korea, Japan, Australia and the United States. Genetics and breed, management, and nutrition affect IMF deposition. Japanese Black cattle breed has the highest IMF content in the world, and Korean cattle (also called Hanwoo) the second highest. Here, we review results of research on genetic factors (breed and sex differences and heritability) that affect IMF deposition...
May 31, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878148/biomarkers-of-nutrition-for-development-bond-iron-review
#3
Sean Lynch, Christine M Pfeiffer, Michael K Georgieff, Gary Brittenham, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Richard F Hurrell, Harry J McArdle, Daniel J Raiten
This is the fifth in the series of reviews developed as part of the Biomarkers of Nutrition for Development (BOND) program. The BOND Iron Expert Panel (I-EP) reviewed the extant knowledge regarding iron biology, public health implications, and the relative usefulness of currently available biomarkers of iron status from deficiency to overload. Approaches to assessing intake, including bioavailability, are also covered. The report also covers technical and laboratory considerations for the use of available biomarkers of iron status, and concludes with a description of research priorities along with a brief discussion of new biomarkers with potential for use across the spectrum of activities related to the study of iron in human health...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852488/perinatal-origins-of-adult-disease
#4
Umberto Simeoni, Jean-Baptiste Armengaud, Benazir Siddeek, Jean-François Tolsa
Epidemiological and experimental studies have shown that the peri-conception period, pregnancy, and infancy are windows of particular sensibility to environmental clues which influence lifelong trajectories across health and disease. Nutrition, stress, and toxins induce epigenetic marks that control long-term gene expression patterns and can be transmitted transgenerationally. Chronic diseases of adulthood such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity thus have early, developmental origins in the perinatal period...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794141/fetal-over-and-undernutrition-differentially-program-thyroid-axis-adaptability-in-adult-sheep
#5
L Johnsen, N B Lyckegaard, P Khanal, B Quistorff, K Raun, M O Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test, whether fetal under- or overnutrition differentially program the thyroid axis with lasting effects on energy metabolism, and if early-life postnatal overnutrition modulates implications of prenatal programming. DESIGN: Twin-pregnant sheep ( n  = 36) were either adequately (NORM), under- (LOW; 50% of NORM) or overnourished (HIGH; 150% of energy and 110% of protein requirements) in the last-trimester of gestation. From 3 days-of-age to 6 months-of-age, twin lambs received a conventional (CONV) or an obesogenic, high-carbohydrate high-fat (HCHF) diet...
May 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789348/gestational-low-protein-intake-enhances-whole-kidney-mir-192-and-mir-200-family-expression-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-rat-adult-male-offspring
#6
Letícia B Sene, Victor Hugo Gonçalves Rizzi, José A R Gontijo, Patricia A Boer
Studies have shown that adult offspring of mothers fed a protein-restricted diet during pregnancy present a pronounced reduction of nephron number associated with decreased fractional urinary sodium excretion and arterial hypertension. Additionally, recent advances in our understanding of the molecular pathways that govern the association of gestational nutritional restriction, intrauterine growth retardation and inflammation with impaired nephrogenesis, nephron underdosing and kidney fibrosis point to the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) as a common factor...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764525/development-of-understanding-of-dohad-concepts-in-students-during-undergraduate-health-professional-programs-in-japan-and-new-zealand
#7
M Oyamada, A Lim, R Dixon, C Wall, J Bay
Evidence in support of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has reached the level where it can appropriately be used to inform practice. DOHaD informed interventions supporting primary noncommunicable disease risk reduction should target the pre- and periconceptional periods, pregnancy, lactation, childhood and adolescence. Such interventions are dependent on a health workforce (including dietitians, nurses, midwives, doctors, and nutrition teachers), that has a deep understanding of DOHaD concepts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568109/mitochondrial-inefficiency-in-infants-born-to-overweight-african-american-mothers
#8
Manjusha Abraham, Christina A Collins, Scott Flewelling, Maraya Camazine, Alison Cahill, W Todd Cade, Jennifer G Duncan
BACKGROUND: Currently 20-35% of pregnant women are obese, posing a major health risk for mother and fetus. It is postulated that an abnormal maternal-fetal nutritional environment leads to adverse metabolic programming, resulting in altered substrate metabolism in the offspring and predisposing to risks of obesity and diabetes later in life. Data indicate that oocytes from overweight animals have abnormal mitochondria. We hypothesized that maternal obesity is associated with altered mitochondrial function in healthy neonatal offspring...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529267/a-crucial-role-for-maternal-dietary-methyl-donor-intake-in-epigenetic-programming-and-fetal-growth-outcomes
#9
Meghan McGee, Shannon Bainbridge, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson
The fetal origins of health and disease framework has identified extremes in fetal growth and birth weight as factors associated with the lifelong generation of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension. Maternal nutrition plays a critical role in fetal and placental development, in part by providing the methyl groups required to establish the fetus's genome structure and function, notably through DNA methylation. The goal of this narrative review is to describe the role of maternal dietary methyl donor (methionine, folate, and choline) and cofactor (zinc and vitamins B2, B6, and B12) intake in one-carbon metabolism and DNA methylation in the fetus and placenta, as well as their impacts on fetal growth and lifelong health outcomes, with specific examples in animals and humans...
June 1, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466875/impacts-of-maternal-dietary-protein-intake-on-fetal-survival-growth-and-development
#10
Cassandra M Herring, Fuller W Bazer, Gregory A Johnson, Guoyao Wu
Maternal nutrition during gestation, especially dietary protein intake, is a key determinant in embryonic survival, growth, and development. Low maternal dietary protein intake can cause embryonic losses, intra-uterine growth restriction, and reduced postnatal growth due to a deficiency in specific amino acids that are important for cell metabolism and function. Of note, high maternal dietary protein intake can also result in intra-uterine growth restriction and embryonic death, due to amino acid excesses, as well as the toxicity of ammonia, homocysteine, and H2 S that are generated from amino acid catabolism...
March 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417016/risk-factor-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-adolescents-from-rural-area-of-india
#11
Shilpa Gaidhane, Wani Mittal, Nazli Khatib, Quazi Syed Zahiruddin, Pramita A Muntode, Abhay Gaidhane
Context: Health system is likely to encounter more adolescents with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as a consequence of obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Intervention at various stages of the life cycle is needed as cumulative effect of risk factors accumulated from fetal life to adult increases risk of noncommunicable disease. Aims: The aim of this study was to find out awareness regarding T2DM and distribution of risk factor for T2DM in adolescents from the rural areas of Wardha district, India...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413487/maternal-protein-restriction-during-lactation-induces-early-and-lasting-plasma-metabolomic-and-hepatic-lipidomic-signatures-of-the-offspring-in-a-rodent-programming-model
#12
Aurore Martin Agnoux, Angélina El Ghaziri, Thomas Moyon, Anthony Pagniez, Agnès David, Gilles Simard, Patricia Parnet, El Mostafa Qannari, Dominique Darmaun, Jean-Philippe Antignac, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau
Perinatal undernutrition affects not only fetal and neonatal growth but also adult health outcome, as suggested by the metabolic imprinting concept. However, the exact mechanisms underlying offspring metabolic adaptations are not yet fully understood. Specifically, it remains unclear whether the gestation or the lactation is the more vulnerable period to modify offspring metabolic flexibility. We investigated in a rodent model of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) induced by maternal protein restriction (R) during gestation which time window of maternal undernutrition (gestation, lactation or gestation-lactation) has more impact on the male offspring metabolomics phenotype...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385480/genotype-%C3%A3-prenatal-and-post-weaning-nutritional-environment-interaction-in-a-composite-beef-cattle-breed-using-reaction-norms-and-a-multi-trait-model
#13
El Hamidi Hay, Andy Roberts
Environmental effects have been shown to influence several economically important traits in beef cattle. In this study, genotype × nutritional environment interaction has been evaluated in a composite beef cattle breed (50% Red Angus, 25% Charolais, 25% Tarentaise). Four nutritional environments (marginal-restricted [MARG-RES], marginal-control [MARG-CTRL], adequate-restricted [ADEQ-RES], and adequate-control [ADEQ-CTRL]) were created based on two levels of winter supplement provided to dams grazing winter range during gestation (MARG and ADEQ) and two levels of input to offspring during post-weaning development (RES and CTRL)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312622/acute-nutritional-stress-during-pregnancy-affects-placental-efficiency-fetal-growth-and-adult-glucose-homeostasis
#14
Sajida Malik, Alan Diot, Karl Morten, Eszter Dombi, Manu Vatish, C A Richard Boyd, Joanna Poulton
Exposure to maternal malnutrition impairs postnatal health. Acute nutritional stress is less clearly implicated in intrauterine programming. We studied the effects of stressing pregnant mothers on perinatal growth and adult glucose homeostasis. We compared one group ("stressed", mothers fasted for 16 hours) with controls ("unstressed"). We found that fasting stress had adverse effects on the weight of the fetuses conceived ( p <0.005) and the placental efficiency ( p <0.001) in stressed compared to unstressed offspring...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283404/key-clinical-factors-predicting-adipokine-and-oxidative-stress-marker-concentrations-among-normal-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-using-artificial-neural-networks
#15
Mario Solis-Paredes, Guadalupe Estrada-Gutierrez, Otilia Perichart-Perera, Araceli Montoya-Estrada, Mario Guzmán-Huerta, Héctor Borboa-Olivares, Eyerahi Bravo-Flores, Arturo Cardona-Pérez, Veronica Zaga-Clavellina, Ethel Garcia-Latorre, Gabriela Gonzalez-Perez, José Alfredo Hernández-Pérez, Claudine Irles
Maternal obesity has been related to adverse neonatal outcomes and fetal programming. Oxidative stress and adipokines are potential biomarkers in such pregnancies; thus, the measurement of these molecules has been considered critical. Therefore, we developed artificial neural network (ANN) models based on maternal weight status and clinical data to predict reliable maternal blood concentrations of these biomarkers at the end of pregnancy. Adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin), and DNA, lipid and protein oxidative markers (8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine, malondialdehyde and carbonylated proteins, respectively) were assessed in blood of normal weight, overweight and obese women in the third trimester of pregnancy...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225661/maternal-nutritional-status-during-pregnancy-and-infant-immune-response-to-routine-childhood-vaccinations
#16
REVIEW
Olayinka Obanewa, Marie-Louise Newell
To systematically review the association between maternal nutritional status in pregnancy and infant immune response to childhood vaccines. We reviewed literature on maternal nutrition during pregnancy, fetal immune system and vaccines and possible relationships. Thereafter, we undertook a systematic review of the literature of maternal nutritional status and infant vaccine response, extracted relevant information, assessed quality of the nine papers identified and present findings in a narrative format. From limited evidence of average quality, intrauterine nutrition deficiency could lead to functional deficit in the infant's immune function; child vaccine response may thus be negatively affected by maternal malnutrition...
September 2017: Future Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#17
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
April 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156933/prevention-of-obesity-from-perinatal-stage
#18
Rosa Mª Martínez García, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, Heldry González Torres, Rosa María Ortega
Obesity is one of the major health problems and a determining factor in the prevalence of diseases such as metabolic syndrome, asthma, sleep apnea, infertility and various types of cancer. Its origin is multifactorial, involving genetic, socioeconomic and environmental factors. These last ones contribute mostly to explain the current epidemic growth of this disease. The sedentary lifestyle, inadequate diet, lack of sleep, alterations in intestinal microbiota and stress are factors related to its development...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112458/detrimental-effects-of-alcohol-exposure-around-conception-putative-mechanisms
#19
J I Kalisch-Smith, K M Moritz
In western countries, alcohol consumption is widespread in women of reproductive age, and in binge quantities. These countries also continue to have high incidences of unplanned pregnancies, with women often reported to cease drinking after discovering their pregnancy. This suggests the early embryo may be highly exposed to the detrimental effects of alcohol during the periconception period. The periconception and pre-implantation windows, which include maturation of the oocyte, fertilisation, and morphogenesis of the pre-implantation embryo, are particularly sensitive times of development...
April 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105382/hypoxia-from-placental-development-to-fetal-programming
#20
REVIEW
Lais Fajersztajn, Mariana Matera Veras
Hypoxia may influence normal and different pathological processes. Low oxygenation activates a variety of responses, many of them regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 complex, which is mostly involved in cellular control of O2 consumption and delivery, inhibition of growth and development, and promotion of anaerobic metabolism. Hypoxia plays a significant physiological role in fetal development; it is involved in different embryonic processes, for example, placentation, angiogenesis, and hematopoiesis. More recently, fetal hypoxia has been associated directly or indirectly with fetal programming of heart, brain, and kidney function and metabolism in adulthood...
October 16, 2017: Birth Defects Research
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