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Musculoskeletal prehabilitation

Heather K Vincent, Kevin R Vincent
Lacrosse is a fast-paced game that incorporates elements from multiple sports, such as soccer, basketball, baseball, tennis, and hockey. The sport involves rapid changes of direction, endurance, sprinting, physical contact, rotational movement, passing, and shooting. Passing and shooting are further complicated by having a weighted object (ball) at the end of a long moment arm (crosse) which places increased stress on the body segments. Thus, it is important to properly prepare for sport participation by improving strength, endurance, and dynamic stability of the postural and core stability muscles...
June 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Joseph G Wasser, Cong Chen, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) and motion alterations can occur in athletes who engage in high-speed throwing motions. The relationship between LBP and shooting motion in lacrosse players is not yet known. PURPOSE: To quantify the effects of LBP on key kinematic parameters of the lacrosse shot and determine the contribution of the severity of LBP on specific kinematic parameters of the shooting motion. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
July 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
G Rajeswaran, M Turner, C Gissane, J C Healy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the MRI findings in the lumbar spines of asymptomatic elite junior tennis players. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The lumbar spine MRI studies of 98 asymptomatic junior elite tennis players (51 male, 47 female) with a mean age of 18 years (age range 11.2-26.3 years; standard deviation 3.1) was reviewed by two consultant musculoskeletal radiologists using consensus opinion. Images were assessed using accepted classification systems. RESULTS: Four players (4%) had no abnormality...
July 2014: Skeletal Radiology
Julie K Silver, Jennifer Baima, Robin Newman, Mary Lou Galantino, Lillie D Shockney
BACKGROUND: Cancer and its treatment may cause physical impairments and psychological distress in survivors. Rehabilitation is a critical component of quality cancer care, returning survivors to their highest functional potential. OBJECTIVE: This overview focuses on the benefits of multidisciplinary cancer rehabilitation - including improving physical function, reducing psychological distress, promoting return to work and, therefore, decreasing the economic burden of cancer and its treatment on individuals and society in general...
2013: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
D Stephensen, E C Rodriguez-Merchan
Due to improvements in the treatment and medical care of haemophilia, the life expectancy of individuals with haemophilia has approached that of the general population. To review the main co-morbidities of the musculoskeletal system in elderly persons with haemophilia, we have performed a review of the literature on the musculoskeletal problems of elderly haemophiliacs. Chronic arthropathy is the main co-morbidity in the ageing person with haemophilia. Age-related orthopaedic co-morbidities include degenerative joint changes, osteoporosis, muscle atrophy or sarcopenia, muscle weakness and disturbance of gait and balance...
March 2013: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Robert Topp, Marcia Ditmyer, Karen King, Kristen Doherty, Joseph Hornyak
Declines in physical activity that accompany an admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) represent a significant stress to the body. Decreases in physical activity have been demonstrated to result in losses in functional capacity of the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. These two systems are central to achieving and maintaining functional independence, which is a prerequisite for discharge from a healthcare facility, as is independent functioning of the individual in the community setting. Whereas a decrease in physical activity will result in an attenuation in the functioning of the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems, increases in physical activity can stimulate gains in their functional capacity...
May 2002: AACN Clinical Issues
W B Kibler, M R Safran
Tennis is becoming increasingly popular, especially with young athletes. Despite recent advances in epidemiologic research of tennis injuries, there still is a need for more injury research in all of the racquet sports. The data that does exist show that the young athlete is susceptible to injury in these different sports. Injury patterns in the skeletally immature racquet sports athlete are becoming apparent. Although most of the sports result in similar injury patterns, such as a predominance of lower extremity injury, there are differences...
October 2000: Clinics in Sports Medicine
W B Kibler, T J Chandler, E S Stracener
Overtraining places a demand on the musculoskeletal system that may lead to damage to the musculoskeletal system, as well as to clinical, functional, and biomechanical adaptations that may be detrimental to sport performance. The types of injuries identified range from overt, which are obvious injuries that will usually prevent athletic performance for some period of time, to the subclinical, which decrease performance, but may be seldom recognized. These injuries apparently may be avoided or lessened in severity by a combination of several methods...
1992: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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