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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443536/minding-the-mind-body-literature-aging-and-cognitive-decline
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443090/native-chromatin-immunoprecipitation-using-murine-brain-tumor-neurospheres
#2
Flor M Mendez, Felipe J Núñez, Rocío I Zorrilla-Veloz, Pedro R Lowenstein, Maria G Castro
Epigenetic modifications may be involved in the development and progression of glioma. Changes in methylation and acetylation of promoters and regulatory regions of oncogenes and tumor suppressors can lead to changes in gene expression and play an important role in the pathogenesis of brain tumors. Native chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is a popular technique that allows the detection of modifications or other proteins tightly bound to DNA. In contrast to cross-linked ChIP, in native ChIP, cells are not treated with formaldehyde to covalently link protein to DNA...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443019/a-community-based-stress-management-program-using-wearable-devices-to-assess-whole-body-physiological-responses-in-non-laboratory-settings
#3
Robert Carter, Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, John Holliday, Alice Holliday, Carlton Keith Harrison
A pragmatic breath-based intervention to benefit human performance and stress management is timely and valuable to individuals seeking holistic approaches for emotional regulation and optimizing compensatory reserve mechanisms. This protocol is designed to not only teach mind-body awareness but also to provide feedback utilizing physiological data and survey results. The primary findings of this study showed that heart coherence and alpha variables were significantly correlated after four weeks of the breath-based meditation stress protocol...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442272/the-way-to-left-piazza-del-popolo-damage-to-white-matter-tracts-in-representational-neglect-for-places
#4
Maddalena Boccia, Antonella Di Vita, Liana Palermo, Giorgia Committeri, Laura Piccardi, Cecilia Guariglia
The ability of seeing with the mind's eye, the visual mental imagery, is peculiarly compromised in patients with representational neglect. Representational neglect affects the processing of the left side of a mental image and may selectively concern the ability to imagine places and/or objects. Right-brain damaged patients with representational neglect for places (RN+) lose the ability to imagine themselves within a familiar place and fail in transforming an egocentric representation of the environment into an allocentric one and vice-versa...
February 13, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442080/dental-anxiety-and-influencing-factors-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-based-survey
#5
Nadeem Jeddy, S Nithya, T Radhika, Nafisa Jeddy
Background: Dental treatment still remains as one of the most anxious visits despite awareness between dentists and patients in building trusting relationships. The fear of dental treatment determines the frequency of treatment availed with long-term implications in oral health maintenance. Aim: This study aims to estimate prevalence, extent, and factors influencing dental anxiety in a sample of the adult population visiting a private dental hospital in Chennai, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441644/brief-school-based-interventions-to-assist-adolescents-sleep-onset-latency-comparing-mindfulness-and-constructive-worry-versus-controls
#6
Kate Bartel, Chao Huang, Ben Maddock, Paul Williamson, Michael Gradisar
Difficulties falling asleep are common among adolescents, especially during times of stress. Adolescents may thus benefit from brief techniques (15 min) that decrease pre-sleep cognitive-emotional arousal and sleep-onset latency. The present study used a 3 (intervention: mindfulness bodyscan mp3, constructive worry, control) by 3 (time: baseline, week 1, week 2) mixed-model design on a school-based sample of adolescents (N = 232; Mage = 15.9 ± 0.8 years, range = 14-18 years; 19% male), and a sub-sample of adolescents with prolonged sleep-onset latency (i...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441591/beyond-the-binaries-reshaping-pain-communication-through-arts-workshops
#7
Jen Tarr, Flora Cornish, Elena Gonzalez-Polledo
Pain is difficult to communicate and translate into language, yet most social research on pain experience uses questionnaires and semi-structured interviews that rely on words. In addition to the mind/body dualism prevalent in pain medicine in these studies pain communication is characterised by further value-laden binaries such as real/unreal, visible/invisible, and psychological/physical. Starting from the position that research methods play a role in constituting their object, this article examines the potential of participatory arts workshops for developing different versions of pain communication...
February 13, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441038/when-did-coloring-books-become-mindful-exploring-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-method-of-mindfulness-guided-instructions-for-coloring-books-to-increase-mindfulness-and-decrease-anxiety
#8
Michail Mantzios, Kyriaki Giannou
Mindfulness has been associated with the use of coloring books for adults; however, the question of whether they do increase mindfulness has not been addressed. In two studies, we attempted to identify whether mindfulness is increased, and whether there is a need for ongoing guidance while coloring, similar to mindfulness meditation. In the first randomized controlled experiment, university students ( n = 88) were assigned to an unguided mandala coloring group (i.e., described in mainstream literature as a mindfulness practice) or to a free-drawing group...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441012/a-modified-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-test-predicts-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-better-than-executive-function-tests
#9
Matthias L Schroeter, Sarah Pawelke, Sandrine Bisenius, Jana Kynast, Katharina Schuemberg, Maryna Polyakova, Sarah Anderl-Straub, Adrian Danek, Klaus Fassbender, Holger Jahn, Frank Jessen, Johannes Kornhuber, Martin Lauer, Johannes Prudlo, Anja Schneider, Ingo Uttner, Angelika Thöne-Otto, Markus Otto, Janine Diehl-Schmid
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is characterized by deep alterations in behavior and personality. Although revised diagnostic criteria agree for executive dysfunction as most characteristic, impairments in social cognition are also suggested. The study aimed at identifying those neuropsychological and behavioral parameters best discriminating between bvFTD and healthy controls. Eighty six patients were diagnosed with possible or probable bvFTD according to Rascovsky et al. (2011) and compared with 43 healthy age-matched controls...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440795/root-coverage-of-a-wide-anterior-mucogingival-defect-with-epithelial-embossed-connective-tissue-graft-and-its-evaluation-using-root-coverage-esthetic-scores
#10
Avita Rath, Bennete Aloysius Fernandes, Preena Sidhu, Priyadarshini Ramamurthy
New and innovative surgical techniques are necessary to help the clinician ensure the best results and satisfy patient's expectations. One such periodontal problem that has been challenging to the dental practitioners and impacts the oral health quality of life of patients has been gingival recession. When present anteriorly where esthetics is a major concern, patient centric parameters too become paramount. Root coverage esthetic score (RES) evaluation helps to keep the patient outcomes in mind. This case reports the successful treatment of a wide anterior mucogingival defect using epithelial embossed connective tissue graft which was evaluated for the first time using RES...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440532/mind-wandering-in-people-with-hippocampal-damage
#11
Cornelia McCormick, Clive R Rosenthal, Thomas D Miller, Eleanor A Maguire
Subjective inner experiences, such as mind-wandering, represent the fundaments of human cognition. Although the precise function of mind-wandering is still debated, it is increasingly acknowledged to have influence across cognition on processes such as future planning, creative thinking and problem-solving, and even on depressive rumination and other mental health disorders. Recently, there has been important progress in characterizing mind-wandering and identifying the associated neural networks. Two prominent features of mind-wandering are mental time travel and visuo-spatial imagery, which are often linked with the hippocampus...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439556/mindfulness-based-baduanjin-exercise-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-physical-or-mental-illnesses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Liye Zou, Albert Yeung, Xinfeng Quan, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Xiaoyue Hu, Jessie S M Chan, Chaoyi Wang, Sean David Boyden, Li Sun, Huiru Wang
OBJECTIVES: we used a quantitative method to systematically synthesize the emerging literature and critically evaluate the effects of Baduanjin on depression and anxiety in people with physical or mental illnesses. Additionally, we determined if the number of total Baduanjin training sessions is associated with decreased anxiety and depression levels. METHODS: both English and Chinese databases were searched for potential studies published between January 1982 and October 2017...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439435/synchronization-attention-and-transformation-multidimensional-exploration-of-the-aesthetic-experience-of-contemporary-dance-spectators
#13
Coline Joufflineau, Coralie Vincent, Asaf Bachrach
The co-presence of bodies in intersubjective situations can give rise to processes of kinesthetic empathy and physiological synchronization, especially in the context of dance: the body and attention of the spectators are oriented towards the dancers. In this study, we investigate the processes of "body-mind" resonance between a choreography and its spectators, and more specifically the lasting impact of this resonance post-performance. We then explore the relation between the observed effects and subjective measures of attention...
February 10, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439337/utility-of-the-libra-index-in-relation-to-cognitive-functioning-in-a-clinical-health-seeking-sample
#14
Anke Pons, Haley M LaMonica, Loren Mowszowski, Sebastian Köhler, Kay Deckers, Sharon L Naismith
BACKGROUND: Dementia prevalence is expected to increase substantially over the next few decades. Since there is currently no cure for dementia available, there is an urgent need for the early identification of individuals at high risk for dementia, so that primary and secondary prevention strategies can be implemented. Recently, the LIfestyle for BRAin health (LIBRA) index was developed as a new dementia risk algorithm. It specifically focuses on modifiable risk and protective factors that can be targeted in midlife...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438869/building-mindfulness-bottom-up-meditation-in-natural-settings-supports-open-monitoring-and-attention-restoration
#15
Freddie Lymeus, Per Lindberg, Terry Hartig
Mindfulness courses conventionally use effortful, focused meditation to train attention. In contrast, natural settings can effortlessly support state mindfulness and restore depleted attention resources, which could facilitate meditation. We performed two studies that compared conventional training with restoration skills training (ReST) that taught low-effort open monitoring meditation in a garden over five weeks. Assessments before and after meditation on multiple occasions showed that ReST meditation increasingly enhanced attention performance...
February 10, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438788/cerebellar-peduncle-localized-oligodendroglioma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Oguz Baran, Omur Kasimcan, Hakan Oruckaptan
BACKGROUND: Oligodendrogliomas constitute 5% of all primary brain tumors and are the third most common cancer among intracranial tumors. More than 90% of oligodendrogliomas have supratentorial localization. Oligodendrogliomas arising in cerebellar peduncle are substantially rare even less than 1%. Up to now, six oligodendroglioma cases with cerebellar peduncle localization have been presented. We aimed to discuss our WHO grade II oligodendroglioma case which originated from cerebellar peduncle in the light of literature...
February 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438748/neuregulin-1-discovered-as-a-cleavage-target-for-the-hcv-ns3-4a-protease-by-a-microfluidic-membrane-protein-array
#17
Nika Schwartz, Michal Pellach, Yair Glick, Reuven Gil, Gahl Levy, Dorit Avrahami, Efrat Barbiro-Michaely, Yaakov Nahmias, Doron Gerber
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) non-structural protein 3 (NS3) is essential for HCV maturation. The NS3/4A protease is a target for several HCV treatments and is a well-known target for HCV drug discovery. The protein is membrane associated and thus probably interacts with other membrane proteins. However, the vast majority of known NS3 host partners are soluble proteins rather than membrane proteins, most likely due to lack of appropriate platforms for their discovery. Utilization of an integrated microfluidics platform enables analysis of membrane proteins in their native form...
February 10, 2018: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438568/haemodynamic-assessment-and-support-in-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-resource-limited-settings
#18
David Misango, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Tim Baker, Martin W Dünser, Arjen M Dondorp, Marcus J Schultz
Background: Recommendations for haemodynamic assessment and support in sepsis and septic shock in resource-limited settings are largely lacking. Methods: A task force of six international experts in critical care medicine, all of them members of the Global Intensive Care Working Group of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and with extensive bedside experience in resource-limited intensive care units, reviewed the literature and provided recommendations regarding haemodynamic assessment and support, keeping aspects of efficacy and effectiveness, availability and feasibility and affordability and safety in mind...
February 9, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438163/the-interplay-between-tuberculosis-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Gustavo Guimarães Moreira Balbi, Francinne Machado-Ribeiro, Cláudia D L Marques, Flávio Signorelli, Roger Abramino Levy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tuberculosis (TB) is a millenarian chronic infection and, yet, remains a major global health problem. The interaction between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and TB is complex, as one seems to be a risk factor for the development of the other. SLE patients are more likely to develop TB, that is more frequently extrapulmonary, with more extensive pulmonary involvement, and with a higher relapse rate. RECENT FINDINGS: Different studies suggest that TB is more prevalent in SLE patients and that TB may actually be a risk factor for the development of the disease...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437299/proneness-to-guilt-shame-and-pride-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-neurotypical-children
#20
Denise Davidson, Elizabeth Hilvert, Ieva Misiunaite, Michael Giordano
Self-conscious emotions (e.g., guilt, shame, and pride) are complex emotions that require self-reflection and self-evaluation, and are thought to facilitate the maintenance of societal norms and personal standards. Despite the importance of self-conscious emotions, most research has focused on basic emotion processing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Therefore, in the present study, we used the Test of Self-Conscious Affect for Children (TOSCA-C) to assess proneness to, or propensity to experience, the self-conscious emotions guilt, shame, and pride in children with ASD and neurotypical children...
February 13, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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