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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241142/unmet-needs-burden-of-treatment-and-patient-engagement-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-combined-perspective-from-the-ms-in-the-21st-century-steering-group
#1
Peter Rieckmann, Diego Centonze, Irina Elovaara, Gavin Giovannoni, Eva Havrdová, Jurg Kesselring, Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Sarah A Morrow, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Sven Schippling, Christoph Thalheim, Heidi Thompson, Patrick Vermersch, Karen Aston, Birgit Bauer, Christy Demory, Maria Paz Giambastiani, Jana Hlavacova, Jocelyne Nouvet-Gire, George Pepper, Maija Pontaga, Emma Rogan, Chrystal Rogalski, Pieter van Galen, Ali-Frédéric Ben-Amor
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is vital in multiple sclerosis (MS) in order to optimise outcomes for patients, society and healthcare systems. It is essential to involve all stakeholders in potential solutions, working in a multidisciplinary way to ensure that people with MS (PwMS) are included in shared decision-making and disease management. To start this process, a collaborative, open environment between PwMS and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is required so that similarities and disparities in the perception of key areas in patient care and unmet needs can be identified...
November 21, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240817/more-visual-mind-wandering-occurrence-during-visual-task-performance-modality-of-the-concurrent-task-affects-how-the-mind-wanders
#2
HeeSun Choi, Michael Geden, Jing Feng
Mind wandering has been considered as a mental process that is either independent from the concurrent task or regulated like a secondary task. These accounts predict that the form of mind wandering (i.e., images or words) should be either unaffected by or different from the modality form (i.e., visual or auditory) of the concurrent task. Findings from this study challenge these accounts. We measured the rate and the form of mind wandering in three task conditions: fixation, visual 2-back, and auditory 2-back...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240317/inflammations-of-the-mammary-gland
#3
Tuomo Meretoja, Hanna Ihalainen, Marjut Leidenius
Breast inflammation, i.e. mastitis is an entity with a variable etiology and severity, typically affecting women of fertile age. In most cases, anamnesis reveals the etiology of the disease, bacterial puerperal mastitis associated with breastfeeding being the most common. Periductal mastitis is a breast inflammation typically associated with smoking in women of 40 to 50 years of age, localized to the region of the areola. Granulomatous mastitis and other rare breast inflammations usually require specialized care...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239801/psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-a-disconnect-between-body-and-mind
#4
EDITORIAL
Gholam K Motamedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239708/psychoanalytic-thoughts-on-the-european-refugee-crisis-and-the-other
#5
Vamık D Volkan
There are many aspects-political, economic, legal, medical, cultural, religious-of the present refugee crisis in Europe. Difficulties at border crossings, settlement programs, life-saving issues, and security measures come to mind immediately, but the refugee crisis also needs to be examined from a psychological angle. This paper outlines psychoanalytic findings on voluntary and forced immigration and human responses to the Other. Change in the twenty-first century is occurring at an unprecedented pace and scale...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239535/-evidence-based-treatment-of-hallux-valgus
#6
Katarina Stanekova, Mathieu Assal, Xavier Crevoisier
Hallux valgus is a frequent disorder of the foot and decision-making about the best treatment provokes many questions among patients and specialists. These include the need for surgery, which surgical technique is the best choice, and is minimally invasive surgery going to replace open techniques? While the modern media provides patients with easy access to details concerning surgical techniques, they rarely include means for the patient to distinguish between objective information and publicity. The general practitioner is a person of trust for the patient and should help him or her consider treatment proposals...
December 13, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239354/an-electric-eel-inspired-soft-power-source-from-stacked-hydrogels
#7
Thomas B H Schroeder, Anirvan Guha, Aaron Lamoureux, Gloria VanRenterghem, David Sept, Max Shtein, Jerry Yang, Michael Mayer
Progress towards the integration of technology into living organisms requires electrical power sources that are biocompatible, mechanically flexible, and able to harness the chemical energy available inside biological systems. Conventional batteries were not designed with these criteria in mind. The electric organ of the knifefish Electrophorus electricus (commonly known as the electric eel) is, however, an example of an electrical power source that operates within biological constraints while featuring power characteristics that include peak potential differences of 600 volts and currents of 1 ampere...
December 13, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239316/design-and-criteria-of-electrospun-fibrous-scaffolds-for-the-treatment-of-spinal-cord-injury
#8
REVIEW
Barbara Vigani, Silvia Rossi, Giuseppina Sandri, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Franca Ferrari
The complex pathophysiology of spinal cord injury may explain the current lack of an effective therapeutic approach for the regeneration of damaged neuronal cells and the recovery of motor functions. Many efforts have been performed to design and develop suitable scaffolds for spinal cord regeneration, keeping in mind that the reconstruction of a pro-regenerative environment is the key challenge for an effective neurogenesis. The aim of this review is to outline the main features of an ideal scaffold, based on biomaterials, produced by the electrospinning technique and intended for the spinal cord regeneration...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239128/efficacy-of-anakinra-in-a-patient-with-systemic-amyloidosis-presented-with-amyloidoma
#9
Hulya Nalcacioglu, Ozan Ozkaya, Gurkan Genc, Suat Ayyildiz, Mehmet Kefeli, Murat Elli, Oguz Aydin, Meltem Ceyhan Bilgici
Amyloidosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by extracellular deposition of unique protein fibrils. The least common presentation of an amyloid deposition is as a discrete mass called amyloidoma or amyloid tumor. We report a case of a soft tissue amyloidoma in the abdomen of a 16-year-old girl who was diagnosed as having systemic amyloidosis. A girl aged 16 years was referred to our hospital with a pre-diagnosis of a retroperitoneal mass documented with abdominal ultrasonography and tomography...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238691/a-rare-presentation-of-rhinosporidiosis
#10
Joseph Williams, Nitin M Nagarkar, Rupa Metha, Satish Satpute, Amit Bugalia
Rhinosporidiosis is a common condition seen in India specially in endemic areas and in low socio economic areas. Here we present with a rare presentation of cheek swelling caused by obstruction of stenson's duct with a short history of 5 months. Sialolith of parotid duct is uncommon presentation but not unheard of, the subsequent treatment and further histopathology of the ductoceol reveled the causative factor for the obstruction of parotid duct was Rhinosporidiosis which a very rare presentation with very few cases reported in literature...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238567/mind-the-gap-integrating-taxonomic-approaches-to-assess-ant-diversity-at-the-southern-extreme-of-the-atlantic-forest
#11
Priscila Elena Hanisch, Pablo D Lavinia, Andrew V Suarez, Darío Alejandro Lijtmaer, Maurice Leponce, Carolina Ivon Paris, Pablo Luis Tubaro
Understanding patterns of species diversity relies on accurate taxonomy which can only be achieved by long-term natural history research and the use of complementary information to establish species boundaries among cryptic taxa. We used DNA barcoding to characterize the ant diversity of Iguazú National Park (INP), a protected area of the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest ecoregion, located at the southernmost extent of this forest. We assessed ant diversity using both cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) sequences and traditional morphological approaches, and compared the results of these two methods...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238440/osteochondrolipoma-of-the-mandible
#12
Takeshi Kitazawa, Masato Shiba
Objective: Lipomas are very common benign tumors located in any part of the body in which fat is normally present, but lipomas containing both osseous and cartilaginous elements are rare. Methods: A case of osteochondrolipoma in a 72-year-old man is reported. The tumor in the mental region was 2×1.5×1.5 cm. Results: After resection of the tumor, there has been no recurrence during the 6-month postoperative follow-up. Histological examination confirmed the definitive diagnosis. Conclusions: Osteochondrolipoma is an extremely unusual lesion that should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237297/the-evolutionary-psychology-of-war-offense-and-defense-in-the-adapted-mind
#13
Anthony C Lopez
The study of warfare from an evolutionary perspective has expanded rapidly over the last couple of decades. However, it has tended to focus on the ancestral origins, prevalence, and instruments of war rather than adaptationist analyses of its underlying psychology. I argue that our evolved coalitional psychology may contain a set of distinct evolved heuristics designed specifically for offensive and defensive coalitional aggression. Data from two survey experiments are presented, in which subjects were given scenarios depicting offensive or defensive aggression and were told to make decisions, for example, regarding their willingness to participate in the conflict, their opinions of others who did not choose to participate, and their expectations benefit...
October 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237208/-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#14
Katharina Kuba, Gregor Weißflog
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is an intervention representing a transdiagnostic and contextual approach that assumes that psychological suffering is caused by experiential avoidance. The primary intention of ACT is not to eliminate symptoms and to treat mental disorders. Instead, ACT aims to increase psychological flexibility, i. e. to broaden the repertoire of cognitions and behaviors when facing inner and outer aversive events or experiences. Psychological flexibility can be enhanced by working with the 6 core components of the ACT model...
December 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236377/xpey-relational-environments-an-analytic-framework-for-conceptualizing-indigenous-health-equity
#15
Alexandra Kent, Charlotte Loppie, Jeannine Carriere, Marjorie MacDonald, Bernie Pauly
INTRODUCTION: Both health equity research and Indigenous health research are driven by the goal of promoting equitable health outcomes among marginalized and underserved populations. However, the two fields often operate independently, without collaboration. As a result, Indigenous populations are underrepresented in health equity research relative to the disproportionate burden of health inequities they experience. In this methodological article, we present Xpey' Relational Environments, an analytic framework that maps some of the barriers and facilitators to health equity for Indigenous peoples...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236300/creepiness-creeps-in-uncanny-valley-feelings-are-acquired-in-childhood
#16
Kimberly A Brink, Kurt Gray, Henry M Wellman
The uncanny valley posits that very human-like robots are unsettling, a phenomenon amply demonstrated in adults but unexplored in children. Two hundred forty 3- to 18-year-olds viewed one of two robots (machine-like or very human-like) and rated their feelings toward (e.g., "Does the robot make you feel weird or happy?") and perceptions of the robot's capacities (e.g., "Does the robot think for itself?"). Like adults, children older than 9 judged the human-like robot as creepier than the machine-like robot-but younger children did not...
December 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235676/guideline-for-diagnostic-criteria-severity-classification-and-treatment-of-eosinophilic-fasciitis
#17
Masatoshi Jinnin, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Yoshihide Asano, Osamu Ishikawa, Shinichi Sato, Kazuhiko Takehara, Minoru Hasegawa, Manabu Fujimoto, Hironobu Ihn
We established diagnostic criteria and severity classification of eosinophilic fasciitis because there is no established diagnostic criteria or widely accepted severity classification of the disease. Also, there has been no clinical guideline for eosinophilic fasciitis, so we established its clinical guideline ahead of all over the world. In particular, the clinical guideline was established by clinical questions based on evidence-based medicine according to the New Minds Clinical Practice Guideline Creation Manual (version 1...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235668/a-diaper-bank-and-home-visiting-partnership-initial-exploration-of-research-and-policy-questions
#18
Lois S Sadler, Eileen M Condon, Shirley Z Deng, Monica Roosa Ordway, Crista Marchesseault, Andrea Miller, Janet Stolfi Alfano, Alison M Weir
OBJECTIVES: The cost of diapering an infant can place a significant financial strain on families living in poverty. Partnerships between diaper banks and home visiting programs for young families may offer an innovative solution to expanding the reach and impact of diaper banks in low-income communities. The purpose of this pilot study was to uncover preliminary information about the functions of diaper distribution through home visiting programs, and to inform future research and policy questions regarding diaper distribution to families in need...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#19
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235616/-social-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-dementia-and-behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#20
M E Tabernero, F Musich, F C Cossini, D G Politis
AIM: To study the presence of alterations in social cognition in Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), to compare the levels of involvement, and to analyze their relevance as a tool to distinguish between both demential profile. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For this purpose, 34 patients diagnosed with PDD, 21 men and 13 women, with an average age of 70 years and 8 years of education, and 26 patients diagnosed with bvFTD, 9 men and 17 women, with an average age of 68 years and 6 years of education, were assessed...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
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