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Attachment Style

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327498/relationship-style-and-glycaemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-distress
#1
Omar Braizat, Richard Feinn, Gina Abbott, Julie Wagner
This study examined whether depressive symptoms and/or diabetes distress mediate the association between relationship style and glycaemic control in women with diabetes. Seventy-five women with type 2 diabetes completed the Relationship Questionnaire. Participants endorsing "secure" or "preoccupied" adult attachment were combined into the interactive relationship style and "dismissing/avoidant" or "fearful" adult attachment were combined into the independent relationship style. Glycaemic control was a latent variable composed of A1c and 48-hr continuously measured glucose...
January 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306182/maternal-attachment-is-differentially-associated-with-mother-child-reminiscing-among-maltreating-and-nonmaltreating-families
#2
Monica Lawson, Kristin Valentino, Christina G McDonnell, Ruth Speidel
In the current investigation, we examined associations between maternal attachment and the way that mothers and children discuss past emotional experiences (i.e., reminiscing) among 146 maltreating and 73 nonmaltreating mothers and their 3- to 6-year-old children. Recent studies demonstrate that maltreating mothers engage in less elaborative reminiscing compared with nonmaltreating mothers. To further explicate the nature of reminiscing among maltreating families, we examined maternal and child contributions to reminiscing, their interrelations, and associations with maternal attachment among dyads from maltreating and nonmaltreating families...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294890/childhood-trauma-trait-anxiety-and-anxious-attachment-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-students
#3
Margaret M McClure, Megan Parmenter
The current study investigates the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV), childhood trauma, trait anxiety, depression, and anxious attachment in college students. Ninety-three male and 161 female undergraduate students at Fairfield University, ranging in age from 17 to 23, with a mean age of 18.8 years, participated. Participants completed five self-report inventories: The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294817/characteristics-for-the-identification-of-children-who-commit-family-murder-in-south-africa
#4
Melanie Carmen Moen
Children who commit family murder have been increasingly reported on in the South African media. Violence of this type has far-reaching consequences for families and communities. In this qualitative study, nine documented cases of children who committed family murder were analyzed to gain an in-depth understanding of the factors that contribute to children murdering family members. The personal and systemic reasons for these types of murders guided the research. The Interpersonal Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory (IPARTheory) was used as theoretical framework...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289803/application-of-a-rubber-band-with-hooks-on-both-ends-for-vagus-nerve-stimulator-implantation
#5
Hiroshi Hosoyama, Ryosuke Hanaya, Toshiaki Otsubo, Masanori Sato, Yumi Kashida, Sei Sugata, Masaya Katagiri, Koji Iida, Kazunori Arita
BACKGROUND: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a valuable therapeutic option for many types of drug-resistant epilepsy. Muscle hooks and carotid endarterectomy rings have been used for cervical delamination preceding the implantation of stimulation electrodes. The attachment on both sides of a rubber band of Kamiyama-style hanging needles, as are used for scalp and dural retraction during craniotomy, yields a useful tool for VNS implantation. Here we report our experience with this method...
December 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285655/the-psychology-of-gay-men-s-cuckolding-fantasies
#6
Justin J Lehmiller, David Ley, Dan Savage
Cuckolding (also known as troilism) is a sexual interest in which one obtains sexual arousal from the experience of a romantic partner engaging in sexual activity with someone else. The present study investigated fantasies about and experiences with cuckolding in a large and diverse sample of predominately gay-identified men (N = 580). Compared to previous research focusing on heterosexual men's cuckolding fantasies, our results indicate that gay men's cuckolding fantasies share many common elements; however, they differ in some important ways...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283616/attachment-informed-mentorship
#7
Randall Reitz, Stephen Mitchell, Shannon Keel
Attachment theory has been widely integrated into how clinicians view personal development and enduring relationships. Through the burgeoning field of interpersonal neurobiology, this model has also been applied to adult professional, training, and family relationships. However, the medical and integrated care literature currently lacks attempts to apply attachment principles to the mentorship relationships that are created between trainees and the faculty of a training program. Through this conceptual article, the authors introduce the attachment-informed mentorship model to bridge this gap...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251747/-inpatient-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-effect-on-symptoms-coping-attachment-and-quality-of-life
#8
J M Oostendorp, F Chakhssi
BACKGROUND: Dialectical behaviour therapy (dbt) is an effective treatment for patients suffering from borderline personality disorder (bpd). When outpatient treatment is ineffective, patients are often referred to inpatient (group) treatment. As of yet, little is known about the effectiveness of inpatient (group) dbt. An altered style of attachment is one of the presumed components of inpatient (group) treatment. At present, this supposition has not yet been examined in inpatient dbt programs...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250009/links-between-an-owner-s-adult-attachment-style-and-the-support-seeking-behavior-of-their-dog
#9
Therese Rehn, Andrea Beetz, Linda J Keeling
The aim of this study was to investigate if an owner's adult attachment style (AAS) influences how their dog interacts and obtains support from them during challenging events. A person's AAS describes how they perceive their relationship to other people, but it may also reflect their caregiving behavior, and so their behavior toward the dog. We measured the AAS of 51 female Golden retriever owners, using the Adult Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), and observed the reactions of the dog-owner dyads in response to different challenging situations [visual surprise, auditory stressor and social stressors like a person approaching dressed as ghost or in coat, hat and sunglasses]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242179/individual-differences-in-the-relationship-between-attachment-and-nomophobia-among-college-students-the-mediating-role-of-mindfulness
#10
Ibrahim Arpaci, Mustafa Baloğlu, Hatice İrem Özteke Kozan, Şahin Kesici
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in nomophobia, which is defined as the fear of being out of cellular phone contact, or "feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals when they are unable to use their mobile phones or utilize the affordances these devices provide". However, only limited research can be found in terms of its determinants at present. Contemporary literature suggests that the relationships among attachment styles, mindfulness, and nomophobia have not been investigated...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241090/attachment-style-and-filial-obligation-in-the-burden-of-caregivers-of-dementia-patients
#11
Juwon Lee, Bo Kyung Sohn, Hyunjoo Lee, Su Jeong Seong, Soowon Park, Jun-Young Lee
Insecure attachment styles have been known to predict greater burden in caregivers of dementia patients. However, it has not been tested how filial obligation, which refers to one's sense of duty on helping elderly parents and is especially pronounced in Asian cultures, is involved in that relationship. We sought to identify whether the association between attachment style and caregiver burden differs according to the degree of filial obligation in caregivers of dementia patients. To assess filial obligation in Korean participants, a Korean filial obligation measure was developed...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232577/attachment-and-motivational-systems-relevance-of-sensitivity-to-punishment-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#12
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valentina Cardi, Umberto Volpe, Giovanna Fico, Valeria Ruzzi, Francesca Pellegrino, Giovanni Castellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
An altered balance of reward and inhibition systems may explain Eating Disorder (ED) behaviors and could be related to difficulties in socio-emotional processing. According to attachment theory, early interaction with caregivers affects the ability to regulate emotion in adult interpersonal situation. The aim of our study was to investigate if insecure attachment may be related to ED symptomatology through changes in reward and inhibition systems. Seventy-eight people affected by EDs and 45 healthy controls (HC) filled in the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), the Behavioral Inhibition System-Behavioral Activation System Scale (BIS-BAS) and the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229220/relationship-between-attachment-style-and-symptom-severity-across-the-psychosis-spectrum-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Sarah Christina Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
There is growing evidence for the role of attachment in psychosis, however, to date there has been no quantitative review of the prevalence of insecure attachment in psychosis. The current study sought to systematically appraise studies investigating the prevalence of insecure attachment and the association with psychosis-spectrum experiences using meta-analytic techniques. A systematic search of studies carried out between January 1980 and 30th November 2015 found 25 papers eligible for inclusion. The meta-analysis showed that the prevalence of insecure attachment style was significantly higher in individuals with psychosis (76%) than in non-clinical samples (38%), with fearful attachment being the most prevalent...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223703/the-foreign-body-response-and-morphometric-changes-associated-with-mesh-style-peripheral-nerve-cuffs
#14
Michael B Christensen, Patrick A Tresco
Nerve cuffs have been used to anchor and protect penetrating electrodes in peripheral nerves and have been used as non-penetrating electrodes for neural recording and nerve stimulation. The material of choice for such applications is silicone, an inert synthetic biomaterial which elicits a minimal chronic foreign body response (FBR). While histological studies of solid silicone cuffs are available, to the best of our knowledge a comparison to other cuff designs is not well documented. Here, we describe the FBR and morphological changes that accompany nerve cuff implantation in the rat sciatic nerve by comparing a metallic mesh with and without a parylene coating to one made of silicone...
December 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222633/characterising-youth-with-callous-unemotional-traits-and-concurrent-anxiety-evidence-for-a-high-risk-clinical-group
#15
Charlotte A M Cecil, Eamon J McCrory, Edward D Barker, Jo Guiney, Essi Viding
Growing evidence supports the existence of two variants of youth with high callous-unemotional (CU) traits who present with markedly different risk profiles and outcomes, with potential implications for risk assessment and treatment formulation. So far, studies have identified variants of CU youth mainly using data-driven cluster approaches based on levels of CU traits and co-occurring anxiety. Yet, the extent to which this knowledge may be translated into clinical practice is unclear. To this end, the present study employed a severity-based, cut-off approach to systematically characterise CU groups across a range of clinically informative domains, including trauma history, psychiatric symptomatology, affective functioning, attachment style and behavioural risk...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215748/reliability-and-validity-of-the-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-12-attachment-dimensions-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#16
Giorgio A Tasca, Agostino Brugnera, Danielle Baldwin, Samantha Carlucci, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour, Genevieve Proulx, Mary Gick, Marie-France Lafontaine
OBJECTIVE: Attachment insecurity is a potential risk factor for the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). To date, there are multiple psychometrically sound questionnaires for the evaluation of attachment in both clinical and healthy populations, such as the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) scale. Composed by two subscales (i.e., attachment anxiety and avoidance), the ECR scale was recently adapted to a shorter, 12-item version (ECR-12). However, a validation of the ECR-12 among patients with EDs is still lacking...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195191/self-disturbances-cognitive-biases-and-insecure-attachment-as-mechanisms-of-the-relationship-between-traumatic-life-events-and-psychotic-like-experiences-in-non-clinical-adults-a-path-analysis
#17
Łukasz Gawęda, Renata Pionke, Martyna Krężołek, Katarzyna Prochwicz, Joanna Kłosowska, Dorota Frydecka, Błażej Misiak, Kamila Kotowicz, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Monika Mak, Piotr Błądziński, Andrzej Cechnicki, Barnaby Nelson
Although traumatic life events have been linked to psychotic-like experiences, the mechanisms of the relationship remain unclear. We investigated whether insecure (anxious and avoidant) attachment styles, cognitive biases and self-disturbances serve as significant mediators in the relationship between traumatic life events and psychotic-like experiences in non-clinical sample. Six-hundred and ninety healthy participants (522 females) who have not ever been diagnosed with psychiatric disorders took part in the study...
November 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179138/pathological-jealousy-and-pathological-love-apples-to-apples-or-apples-to-oranges
#18
Andrea Lorena da C Stravogiannis, Hyoun S Kim, Eglacy C Sophia, Cíntia Sanches, Monica L Zilberman, Hermano Tavares
Pathological jealousy evokes emotions, thoughts, and behaviors that cause damage to social and interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, pathological love is the uncontrollable behavior of caring for a partner that results in neglecting the needs of the self. The aim of the present research was to assess the similarities and differences between the two psychopathologies of love. To this end, thirty-two individuals with pathological jealousy and 33 individuals with pathological love were compared on demographics, aspects of romantic relationship (jealousy, satisfaction, love style), psychiatric co-morbidities, personality and psychological characteristics (e...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175293/depression-symptoms-and-reasons-for-gambling-sequentially-mediate-the-associations-between-insecure-attachment-styles-and-problem-gambling
#19
Matthew T Keough, Trinda L Penniston, Natalie Vilhena-Churchill, R Michael Bagby, Lena C Quilty
One of the central pathways to problem gambling (PG) is gambling to cope with negative moods, which is a cardinal feature of depression. Insecure attachment styles are also etiologically related to depression; and, therefore, by extension, those who are insecurely attached may engage in excessive gambling behaviors to cope with depression. In this study, we aimed to evaluate this and to this end predicted that depression severity and coping motives for gambling would conjointly mediate the relations between insecure attachment styles and PG...
November 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172626/attachment-household-chaos-and-children-s-health
#20
J Zoe Klemfuss, Allison R Wallin, Jodi A Quas
INTRODUCTION: Despite growing interest in the links between sociocontextual factors and children's behavioral functioning, few studies have investigated how such factors, in combination, relate to health outcomes or vary across mental and physical well-being. We evaluated the direct and interactive associations of parental attachment and household chaos with preschool-age children's mental and physical health. METHOD: Ninety-four parents completed questionnaires about their attachment styles, disorganization and confusion in the home, and their children's health functioning...
November 27, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
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