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Attachment Style

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545012/the-long-term-association-of-ocd-and-depression-and-its-moderators-a-four-year-follow-up-study-in-a-large-clinical-sample
#1
L Tibi, P van Oppen, A J L M van Balkom, M Eikelenboom, J Rickelt, K R J Schruers, G E Anholt
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the mechanisms of depressive comorbidity in OCD are poorly understood. We assessed the directionality and moderators of the OCD-depression association over time in a large, prospective clinical sample of OCD patients. METHODS: Data were drawn from 382 OCD patients participating at the Netherlands Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study. Cross-lagged, structural equation modeling analyses were used to assess the temporal association between OCD and depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541683/triol-ligand-modification-and-structural-transformation-of-anderson-evans-oxomolybdates-via-modulating-oxidation-state-of-co-heteroatom
#2
Yang Wang, Xiaoting Liu, Wei Xu, Ying Yue, Bao Li, Lixin Wu
Various covalent decorations and structural transformations of a series of R-C(CH2OH)3 triol ligands on Co(II)/Co(III)-centered Anderson-Evans polyoxomolybdates were studied in aqueous and/or organic solution. Single-crystal X-ray structural analysis demonstrated that four manners, including (1) double-sided χ/χ-isomer and (2) double-sided δ/χ-isomer with Co(II) central heteroatom, and (3) single-sided δ-isomer and (4) double-sided δ/δ-isomer with Co(III) central heteroatom, appeared on the decoration of the mother polyanion [Co(II/III)(OH)6Mo6O18](4-/3-)...
May 25, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535839/separation-from-parents-during-childhood-trauma-predicts-adult-attachment-security-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
R A Bryant, M Creamer, M O'Donnell, D Forbes, K L Felmingham, D Silove, G Malhi, M van Hoof, A C McFarlane, A Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged separation from parental support is a risk factor for psychopathology. This study assessed the impact of brief separation from parents during childhood trauma on adult attachment tendencies and post-traumatic stress. METHOD: Children (n = 806) exposed to a major Australian bushfire disaster in 1983 and matched controls (n = 725) were assessed in the aftermath of the fires (mean age 7-8 years) via parent reports of trauma exposure and separation from parents during the fires...
May 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526662/attachment-style-and-internet-addiction-an-online-survey
#4
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott, Oliver Decker, Brigitte Sindelar
BACKGROUND: One of the clinically relevant problems of Internet use is the phenomenon of Internet addiction. Considering the fact that there is ample evidence for the relationship between attachment style and substance abuse, it stands to reason that attachment theory can also make an important contribution to the understanding of the pathogenesis of Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine people's tendency toward pathological Internet usage in relation to their attachment style...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522128/does-adult-attachment-style-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#5
Cathy Spatz Widom, Sally J Czaja, Sandra Sepulveda Kozakowski, Preeti Chauhan
Attachment theory has been proposed as one explanation for the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic mental and physical health outcomes in adulthood. This study seeks to determine whether: (1) childhood physical abuse and neglect lead to different attachment styles in adulthood, (2) adult attachment styles predict subsequent mental and physical health outcomes, and (3) adult attachment styles mediate the relationship between childhood physical abuse and neglect and mental and physical health outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#6
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516830/childhood-victimization-attachment-coping-and-substance-use-among-victimized-women-on-probation-and-parole
#7
Amanda Dishon-Brown, Seana Golder, Tanya Renn, Katherine Winham, George E Higgins, T K Logan
Justice-involved women report high rates of victimization across their life span, and these experiences contribute to their involvement in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Within this population, research has identified an overlap among victimization and substance use, a high-risk coping mechanism. Furthermore, research indicates attachment style is related to coping and high-risk behaviors. Research is needed to understand the relationship among these mechanisms as they relate to intimate partner violence (IPV)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509583/the-influence-of-attachment-styles-on-sexual-communication-behavior
#8
Julia McNeil, Uzma S Rehman, Erin Fallis
Attachment theory is one of the major theoretical frameworks for understanding romantic relationships. Attachment styles are formed through interactions with caregivers and shape an individual's expectations of subsequent interpersonal relationships. In this study, we examined how attachment styles influence participants' ability to communicate with their partners about problems in their sexual relationship. A community sample of 81 couples engaged in two video-recorded discussions, one representing an aspect of the couple's sexual relationship where the male partner wanted change and the second representing an aspect of the sexual relationship where the female partner wanted change...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505384/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-therapists-internalized-models-of-relationships-on-the-quality-of-the-therapeutic-relationship
#9
REVIEW
Catherine Steel, James Macdonald, Thomas Schroder
OBJECTIVE: Previous reviews have found equivocal evidence of an association between therapists' internalized relational models and the therapeutic relationship and have neglected empirical literature based on Sullivan's notion of introject. This review expanded upon previous reviews to examine the effect of therapist internalized relational models on a broader conceptualization of the therapeutic relationship. METHOD: Systematic search processes identified 22 papers measuring therapist attachment and/or introject and therapeutic relationship: 19 on therapist attachment, 5 on introject with 2 overlapping...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504323/the-systemic-interaction-of-attachment-on-psychophysiological-arousal-in-couple-conflict
#10
Nathan C Taylor, Ryan B Seedall, W David Robinson, Kay Bradford
Attachment in adult romantic relationships has long been linked to conflict styles. Psychophysiological measures have provided additional insight into this association by accessing less conscious and controlled responses to conflict. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and the interaction between attachment styles on skin conductance responses during conflict and recovery from conflict. Using dyadic analysis of 50 heterosexual couples, we found evidence of a systemic effect of attachment, where psychophysiological arousal increased when one partner had higher levels of attachment anxiety and the other partner had higher levels of attachment avoidance...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503141/addiction-as-an-attachment-disorder-white-matter-impairment-is-linked-to-increased-negative-affective-states-in-poly-drug-use
#11
Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Karl Koschutnig, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Sebastian Tscheschner, Maria Url, Jolana Wagner-Skacel, Eva Z Reininghaus, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth M Weiss, Andreas Fink
Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls. A total sample of 59 right-handed men, comprising the groups of patients with PUD (n = 19), recreational drug-using individuals (RUC; n = 20) as well as non-drug using controls were recruited (NUC; n = 20)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502270/insecure-attachment-predicts-depression-and-death-anxiety-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#12
Katharina Scheffold, Rebecca Philipp, Susan Koranyi, Dorit Engelmann, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Martin Härter, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of depression as well as adjustment and anxiety disorders is high in advanced cancer patients, and research exploring intraindividual factors leading to high psychological distress is underrepresented. Cancer patients' feelings about security and trust in their healthcare providers have a significant influence on how they deal with their disease. The perception of social support is affected by patients' attachment styles and influences their reactions to feelings of dependency and loss of control...
May 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498047/fatal-attractions-attachment-to-smartphones-predicts-anthropomorphic-beliefs-and-dangerous-behaviors
#13
Jessica E Bodford, Virginia S Y Kwan, David S Sobota
As technology's presence grows increasingly concrete in global societies, so too do our relationships with the devices we keep close at hand from day to day. Whereas research has, in the past, framed smartphone addiction in terms of possessional attachment, the present research hypothesizes that anxious smartphone attachment stems from human attachment, in which Anxiously attached individuals may be more likely to generalize their anxious attachment style to communication devices. In the present study, we found support for this hypothesis and showed that anxious smartphone attachment predicts (1) anthropomorphic beliefs, (2) reliance on-or "clinginess" toward-smartphones, and (3) a seemingly compulsive urge to answer one's phone, even in dangerous situations (e...
May 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497892/echoes-of-others-a-path-analytic-examination-of-an-interpersonal-cognitive-model-of-voice-related-distress
#14
Esther R Cole, Clara Strauss, Chris Fife-Schaw, Simon McCarthy-Jones
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models propose that levels of distress associated with auditory verbal hallucinations ('voices') are influenced by the hearers' beliefs about their voices (perceived malevolence and omnipotence), their negative beliefs about themselves and others and their attachment style. This study aims to test a comprehensive model of the relationship between these variables in order to identify distal and proximal interpersonal and cognitive factors contributing to voice-related distress...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494648/social-networking-addiction-attachment-style-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-bergen-social-media-addiction-scale
#15
Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Mark D Griffiths, Maria Sinatra
Aim Research into social networking addiction has greatly increased over the last decade. However, the number of validated instruments assessing addiction to social networking sites (SNSs) remains few, and none have been validated in the Italian language. Consequently, this study tested the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), as well as providing empirical data concerning the relationship between attachment styles and SNS addiction. Methods A total of 769 participants were recruited to this study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484415/adult-attachment-styles-associated-with-brain-activity-in-response-to-infant-faces-in-nulliparous-women-an-event-related-potentials-study
#16
Yuanxiao Ma, Guangming Ran, Xu Chen, Haijing Ma, Na Hu
Adult attachment style is a key for understanding emotion regulation and feelings of security in human interactions as well as for the construction of the caregiving system. The caregiving system is a group of representations about affiliative behaviors, which is guided by the caregiver's sensitivity and empathy, and is mature in young adulthood. Appropriate perception and interpretation of infant emotions is a crucial component of the formation of a secure attachment relationship between infant and caregiver...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480615/food-allergy-and-attitudes-to-close-interpersonal-relationships-an-exploratory-study-on-attachment
#17
Laura Polloni, Sami Schiff, Emilia Ferruzza, Francesca Lazzarotto, Roberta Bonaguro, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Muraro Antonella
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a common immunological disease that includes potentially fatal reactions. It impacts considerably on patients' social life including close interpersonal relationships. Attachment theory provides a theoretical framework to evaluate the quality of close interpersonal relationships in chronic disorders. Attachment insecurity, mainly characterized by attachment avoidance, has been found in a variety of health conditions, but still needs to be investigated in food allergy...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476072/mental-state-language-development-the-longitudinal-roles-of-attachment-and-maternal-language
#18
Erin Becker Razuri, Amanda R Hiles Howard, Karyn B Purvis, David R Cross
Maternal mental state language is thought to influence children's mental state language and sociocognitive understanding (e.g., theory of mind), but the mechanism is unclear. The current study examined the longitudinal development of mental state language in mother-child interactions. The methodology included assessments of the child and/or mother-child dyad at six time points between 12 to 52 months of the child's age. Measures determined child's attachment style and language abilities, and mental state language used by mother and child during a block-building task...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467640/observing-the-influence-of-mindfulness-and-attachment-styles-through-mother-and-infant-interaction-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Judy A Pickard, Michelle Townsend, Peter Caputi, Brin F S Grenyer
The cross-generational influence of attachment security or insecurity on caregiving is well-established. Recently, research has focused on mindfulness as a potential variable to interrupt the transmission of insecure attachment and disrupt its effect across generations. Thirty-six pregnant female participants completed the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire and Relationship Questionnaire-Clinical Version at 30 weeks' gestation. Following the infant's birth, mothers and their babies participated in a video-recorded feeding session at 7 to 10 weeks' postpartum...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462067/optimizing-qplus-sensor-assemblies-for-simultaneous-scanning-tunneling-and-noncontact-atomic-force-microscopy-operation-based-on-finite-element-method-analysis
#20
Omur E Dagdeviren, Udo D Schwarz
Quartz tuning forks that have a probe tip attached to the end of one of its prongs while the other prong is arrested to a holder ("qPlus" configuration) have gained considerable popularity in recent years for high-resolution atomic force microscopy imaging. The small size of the tuning forks and the complexity of the sensor architecture, however, often impede predictions on how variations in the execution of the individual assembly steps affect the performance of the completed sensor. Extending an earlier study that provided numerical analysis of qPlus-style setups without tips, this work quantifies the influence of tip attachment on the operational characteristics of the sensor...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
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