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Attachment Style

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324700/attachment-predicts-cortisol-response-and-closeness-in-dyadic-social-interaction
#1
Sarah Ketay, Lindsey A Beck
The present study examined how the interplay of partners' attachment styles influences cortisol response, actual closeness, and desired closeness during friendship initiation. Participants provided salivary cortisol samples at four timepoints throughout either a high or low closeness task that facilitated high or low levels of self-disclosure with a potential friend (i.e., another same-sex participant). Levels of actual closeness and desired closeness following the task were measured via inclusion of other in the self...
March 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319214/fabrication-of-a-mandibular-implant-supported-overdenture-with-a-new-attachment-system-a-review-of-current-attachment-systems
#2
Karnik Shah, Burak Yilmaz, Edwin McGlumphy
Since their introduction, implant-retained overdentures have represented a feasible, economical, and highly successful treatment option for completely edentulous patients. Different attachment systems have been effectively used to retain these implant overdentures, and each system has advantages and disadvantages. Locator attachment (Zest Anchors) is one system that has been widely used by clinicians, particularly, for two-implant-supported situations. Recently, Zest Anchors developed a new locator-style abutment, Locator R-Tx...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303949/the-processing-of-body-expressions-during-emotional-scenes-the-modulation-role-of-attachment-styles
#3
Yuanxiao Ma, Xu Chen, Guangming Ran, Haijing Ma, Xing Zhang, Guangzeng Liu
There is broad evidence indicating that contextual information influence the processing of emotional stimuli. However, attachment theory suggests that attachment styles contribute to the ways in which people perceive emotional events. To shed light on whether the processing of body expressions during different emotional scenes is modulated by attachment styles, attachment-related electrophysiological differences were measured using event-related potentials. For avoidantly attached group, our results suggested that larger N170 amplitudes were educed by neutral bodies than angry bodies, which was found only in neutral scene...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301042/stability-of-attachment-style-in-adolescence-an-empirical-test-of-alternative-developmental-processes
#4
Jason D Jones, R Chris Fraley, Katherine B Ehrlich, Jessica A Stern, C W Lejuez, Phillip R Shaver, Jude Cassidy
Few studies have examined stability and change in attachment during adolescence. This 5-year longitudinal study (a) examined whether prototype or revisionist developmental dynamics better characterized patterns of stability and change in adolescent attachment (at T1, N = 176; Mage  = 14.0 years, SD = 0.9), (b) tested potential moderators of prototype-like attachment stability, and (c) compared attachment stability in adolescence to stability in adulthood. The results supported the prototype model, which assumes that there is a stable, enduring factor underlying stability and change in attachment...
March 16, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293498/an-easy-method-for-drainage-of-fluid-in-cases-of-continuous-irrigation-of-the-hand
#5
Sumeet Makhijani, David A Fredenberg
Description of a novel method to perform continuous irrigation for flexor tenosynovitis in a way that is comfortable for the patient and convenient for nursing staff by placing the hand in the suction pouch of a lithotomy style drape attached to wall suction.
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286493/attachment-style-and-chronic-pain-toward-an-interpersonal-model-of-pain
#6
Annunziata Romeo, Valentina Tesio, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Lorys Castelli
Chronic pain (CP) is a burdensome symptom. Different psychological models have been proposed to explain the role of psychological and social factors in developing and maintaining CP. Attachment, for example, is a psychological construct of possible relevance in CP. The first studies on the role of attachment in CP did not investigate the partner's psychological factors, thus neglecting the influence of the latter. The main aim of this mini-review was to examine the more recent literature investigating the relationship between CP and attachment style...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277093/attachment-and-emotion-regulation-in-middle-childhood-changes-in-affect-and-vagal-tone-during-a-social-stress-task
#7
Mahsa Movahed Abtahi, Kathryn A Kerns
In middle childhood, more securely attached children show better emotion regulation when assessed as general tendencies (e.g. coping style), but studies looking at emotion in response to specific stressors have revealed mixed results. This study examined how attachment security, avoidance, and ambivalence - assessed with a story stem task (99 children, 9-11 years old) - relate to dynamic indices of affective and autonomic responses (baseline, reactivity, recovery). Reports of positive and negative affect, and high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), were assessed during a social stressor task...
February 28, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275363/contentment-duration-mediates-the-associations-between-anxious-attachment-style-and-psychological-distress
#8
Sin Man Ng, Wai Kai Hou
Relatively little is known about the emotional processes underlying the association between adult attachment styles and psychological distress. This study aims to examine the role of contentment in terms of intensity and duration in the positive associations between anxious and avoidant attachment styles and psychological distress. A sample of 284 Chinese university students completed a self-reported questionnaire on attachment styles, intensity and duration of contentment, and anxiety and depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266342/late-life-attachment
#9
Mélanie Freitas, Hassan Rahioui
Old age is likely to cause a crisis in one's life because of the vulnerabilities it brings up, acting as stressful elements disrupting the elder's feeling of security. It leads to the activation of what is called his attachment system, consisting in attachment styles and interpersonal emotional regulation strategies. To recover a higher sense of safety, the elder would refer to his attachment figures, that is to say closed people paying attention to him, showing towards him availability and consideration. However older adults particularly see their tolerance threshold lowered, regarding an accumulation of losses (true or symbolic) and stressful events within their lifetime...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259891/the-role-of-couples-attachment-styles-in-patients-adjustment-to-cancer
#10
Rossella De Luca, Patrizia Dorangricchia, Laura Salerno, Gianluca Lo Coco, Giuseppe Cicero
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how psychological variables and attachment styles can contribute to improve effective and functional adjustment to the disease and promote better psychological well-being. METHODS: A total of 176 participants (88 couples) took part in this research. One member of each couple attended surgery centers at the Oncology Department of the University Hospital of Palermo. Each participant had filled in 5 questionnaires assessing the variables couple relationships, quality of life, anxiety, depression, and psychosocial adjustment to illness...
March 4, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243413/effect-of-attachment-styles-to-parents-on-sexual-dysfunction-domains-of-married-women
#11
Anvar Sadat Nayebi Nia, Parvin Salari, Nasibeh Sharifi, Hadi Jabbari Nooghani
INTRODUCTION: According to Bowbly attachment theory, attachment of a baby and its main care provider, influences on social growth and the baby's feelings throughout its life. The present study was performed aim to determine the effect of attachment style to parents on domains of sexual dysfunction in married women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on two hundred married women who were fertile, and referred private and governmental gynecology clinics in Mashhad, Iran, in 2014...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236693/attachment-style-moderates-theory-of-mind-abilities-in-depression
#12
Katja Koelkebeck, Carla Liedtke, Waldemar Kohl, Judith Alferink, Mariska Esther Kret
INTRODUCTION: Being able to understand other people's emotions and intentions is crucial for social interactions and well-being. Deficits in theory of mind (ToM) functioning hamper this ability and have been observed in depression and other neuropsychiatric disorders. However, results of previous research in depression have been inconclusive, possibly due to the presence of comorbid disorders and the disregarding of other modulating factors. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with a major depressive disorder (MDD) and forty healthy matched controls were assessed with a ToM task using animated triangles...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217589/relationship-between-attachment-styles-and-happiness-in-medical-students
#13
Marzyeh Moghadam, Farzin Rezaei, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Negar Rostamian
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory is one of the most important achievements of contemporary psychology. Role of medical students in the community health is important, so we need to know about the situation of happiness and attachment style in these students. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to assess the relationship between medical students' attachment styles and demographic characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected students of Medical Sciences in Kurdistan University, in 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203082/the-parental-bonding-in-families-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-attachment-representations-between-parents-and-offspring
#14
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin
INTRODUCTION: The attachment theory is widely used in order to explain anorexia nervosa origin, course and treatment response. Nevertheless, very little literature specifically investigated parental bonding in adolescents with anorexia, as well as the parents' own bonding and intergenerational transmission within the family. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify any specific pattern of parental bonding in families of adolescents newly diagnosed with restricting-type anorexia, comparing them to the families of the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198652/emerging-adults-experiences-of-grandparent-death
#15
Margaret M Manoogian, Juliana Vandenbroeke, Amy Ringering, Tamina Toray, Eric Cooley
This qualitative study examined the experience of grandparent death among 74 emerging adults enrolled in college. Guided by the life course perspective, the authors specifically explored (a) participant responses to the death, (b) how family systems were influenced by the loss of the grandparent, and (c) how grandparent death motivated life course transitions for emerging adults. The findings suggest that the death trajectory, level of attachment, the role the grandchild played in the family, as well as the coping style utilized affected participants' grief processes...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197331/attachment-style-and-resiliency-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#16
Ali Zakiei, Mostafa Alikhani, Vahid Farnia, Zinab Khkian, Jalal Shakeri, Sanobar Golshani
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to determine the relationships between attachment styles and resiliency in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. METHODS: A random sample of 260 subjects was obtained from the population of undergraduate students of the Nour Branch of Islamic Azad University, which is located in Mazandaran, and these subjects were enrolled in this descriptive and correlational study. The collected data included the subjects' responses to an adult attachment style questionnaire, resilience scale, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder questionnaire...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168707/do-attachment-patterns-predict-aggression-in-a-context-of-social-rejection-an-executive-functioning-account
#17
Yuanxiao Ma, Haijing Ma, Xu Chen, Guangming Ran, Xing Zhang
People tend to respond to rejection and attack with aggression. The present research examined the modulation role of attachment patterns on provoked aggression following punishment and proposed an executive functioning account of attachment patterns' modulating influence based on the General Aggression Model. Attachment style was measured using the Experiences in Close Relationships inventory. Experiments 1a and b and 2 adopted a social rejection task and assessed subsequent unprovoked and provoked aggression with different attachment patterns...
February 7, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160683/attachment-dysfunctional-attitudes-self-esteem-and-association-to-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-mood-disorders
#18
Kristina Fuhr, Ivanina Reitenbach, Jan Kraemer, Martin Hautzinger, Thomas D Meyer
BACKGROUND: Cognitive factors might be the link between early attachment experiences and later depression. Similar cognitive vulnerability factors are discussed as relevant for both unipolar and bipolar disorders. The goals of the study were to test if there are any differences concerning attachment style and cognitive factors between remitted unipolar and bipolar patients compared to controls, and to test if the association between attachment style and depressive symptoms is mediated by cognitive factors...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152450/maternal-attachment-style-and-psychiatric-history-as-independent-predictors-of-mood-symptoms-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period
#19
Roberta Croce Nanni, Alfonso Troisi
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that both a past history of psychiatric illness and insecure attachment put women at risk for mood disturbances in the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether maternal insecure attachment is a risk factor for mood symptoms in the immediate postpartum period independently of the confounding effect of maternal psychiatric history. METHODS: A convenience sample of 120 mothers was assessed prenatally with the Maternal History of Mood Disturbances (MHMD), the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), and in the first week after delivery with the Profile of Mood States (POMS)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145810/post-traumatic-growth-distress-and-attachment-style-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#20
Annunziata Romeo, Ada Ghiggia, Valentina Tesio, Marialura di Tella, Riccardo Torta, Lorys Castelli
To identify factors fostering Post-traumatic growth (PTG) is very important in order to promote PTG itself through specific psychological interventions. To this end, we investigated PTG and its relationship with clinical and psychological variables in a sample of 108 females breast cancer survivors. Results showed that women with higher depressive symptoms presented lower levels of PTG than women without. Moreover, women who had undergone combined treatment presented higher levels of PTG than women who had not...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
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