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Military Sexual Trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#1
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723025/gender-differences-in-associations-between-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-and-functional-impairment-in-war-veterans
#2
Eric C Meyer, Brian Konecky, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Brian P Marx, Jeremiah Schumm, Walter E Penk, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
Understanding the links between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and functional impairment is essential for assisting veterans in transitioning to civilian life. Moreover, there may be differences between men and women in the relationships between PTSD symptoms and functional impairment. However, no prior studies have examined the links between functional impairment and the revised symptom clusters as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) or whether the associations between PTSD symptom clusters and functional impairment differ by gender...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676496/suicide-ideation-in-female-survivors-of-military-sexual-trauma-the-trauma-source-matters
#3
Rebecca K Blais, Lindsey L Monteith
Female veterans who have experienced military sexual trauma (MST) are at elevated suicide risk, yet knowledge is limited regarding correlates of suicide ideation (SI) in this population. MST is associated with a higher risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) relative to other trauma types; however, no studies have examined whether experiencing SI differs based on the source of PTSD symptoms (MST-related, non-MST-related). Female service members/veterans (SM/Vs; n = 311) who screened positive for MST and reported exposure to a Criterion A event completed an online survey assessing self-reported demographics, PTSD, depression, the source of their PTSD symptoms, and SI...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672106/mmpi-2-rf-characteristics-of-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-military-sexual-trauma
#4
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669407/psychiatric-sequelae-of-former-comfort-women-survivors-of-the-japanese-military-sexual-slavery-during-world-war-ii
#5
REVIEW
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667171/mental-health-service-utilization-before-and-after-receipt-of-a-service-connected-disability-award-for-ptsd-findings-from-a-national-sample
#6
Rebecca K Sripada, Claire M Hannemann, Paula P Schnurr, Brian P Marx, Stacey J Pollack, John F McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: To determine patterns of mental health service use before and after VA disability compensation awards for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DATA SOURCES: A 10 percent random sample of VHA-enrolled Veterans with new or increased PTSD service connection between 2012 and 2014 (n = 22,249). STUDY DESIGN: We used latent trajectory analysis to identify utilization patterns and multinomial logistic regression to assess associations between Veteran characteristics and trajectory membership...
April 17, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660018/sexual-assault-and-disabling-ptsd-in-active-duty-service-women
#7
Denise Parnell, Vasudha Ram, Paulette Cazares, Jennifer Webb-Murphy, Melanie Roberson, Shiva Ghaed
Introduction: Sexual assault in the military is a major concern and may result in significant health problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Those developing disabling PTSD symptoms may require a disability evaluation. We examined disability evaluation trends for service women with PTSD to better understand characteristics associated with inability to continue Active Duty service. Methods: This is a retrospective review of disability reports and electronic medical records for 322 Active Duty women diagnosed with and treated for PTSD by psychiatrists and psychologists at a large military treatment facility between 2011 and 2014...
April 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648911/body-image-perceptions-of-women-veterans-with-military-sexual-trauma
#8
Wyona M Freysteinson, Susan Mellott, Tania Celia, Jinlan Du, Marilyn Goff, Tana Plescher, Zoheb Allam
The researchers were invited to a transitional home for homeless women veterans to help veterans with body image issues. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 12 veterans who perceived they had a physical difference due to military service. Data were obtained in focus groups where the veterans were invited to share stories. Ricoeur's hermeneutic phenomenology guided the study. The research team learned early in the data collection stage that 11 of the 12 participants suffered military sexual trauma (MST)...
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645319/it-saved-my-life
#9
Nancy Lutwak
After being appointed the Women's Health Emergency Department Champion at our Veterans Administration (VA) Hospital, I became aware of the large number of veterans who experienced military sexual trauma (MST). I realized coming to our medical center for care could be daunting for many women. The expansive main lobby is a bustling place where many male veterans congregate speaking in loud voices causing them to seem frightening and aggressive. The men may sometimes approach women to chat, but I have been told by female veterans this act, although seemingly benign, causes anxiety and discomfort...
April 12, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573657/reductions-in-self-blame-cognitions-predict-ptsd-improvements-with-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-military-sexual-trauma-related-ptsd
#10
Ryan Holliday, Nicholas Holder, Alina Surís
Reductions in trauma-related negative cognitions during Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) are theorized to precede posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction. This mechanism of change has not been validated for veterans with military sexual trauma-related PTSD. Using data from a previously published randomized clinical trial (n = 32), changes in trauma-related negative cognitions about self, self-blame, and the world were entered as predictors of change in PTSD symptoms for cross-lagged panel analyses...
March 14, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433952/recent-intimate-partner-violence-and-housing-instability-among-women-veterans
#11
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Anneliese E Sorrentino, Meagan C Cusack, Scarlett L Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Melissa E Dichter
INTRODUCTION: Women Veterans are at increased risk of both housing instability and intimate partner violence compared with their non-Veteran counterparts. The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the relationship between women Veterans' experience of intimate partner violence and various indicators of housing instability, and (2) to assess what correlates help to explain experiences of housing instability among women Veterans who experienced past-year intimate partner violence...
April 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415229/military-personnel-who-seek-health-and-mental-health-services-outside-the-military
#12
Howard Waitzkin, Mario Cruz, Bryant Shuey, Daniel Smithers, Laura Muncy, Marylou Noble
Background: Although research conducted within the military has assessed the health and mental health problems of military personnel, little information exists about personnel who seek care outside the military. The purpose of this study is to clarify the personal characteristics, mental health diagnoses, and experiences of active duty U.S. military personnel who sought civilian sector services due to unmet needs for care. Materials and Methods: This prospective, multi-method study included 233 clients, based in the United States, Afghanistan, South Korea, and Germany, who obtained care between 2013 and 2016 from a nationwide network of volunteer civilian practitioners...
February 27, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415146/mental-health-across-the-reproductive-cycle-in-women-veterans
#13
Laura J Miller, Nafisa Y Ghadiali
Introduction: Premenstrual, perinatal, and/or perimenopausal psychiatric problems require specific screening, assessment, and treatment strategies. The scope of these reproductive-linked psychiatric symptoms among women veterans is unknown. Due to high rates of sexual trauma among women veterans, it is also important to ascertain relationships between sexual trauma experiences and reproductive cycle mood problems. This pilot study investigates the prevalence of self-reported premenstrual, perinatal, and perimenopausal emotional problems and whether these correlate with pre-military sexual abuse, military sexual harassment, and/or military sexual assault, among veterans receiving psychiatric evaluations within a Veterans Administration Women's Health Clinic...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295023/gender-specific-risk-factors-for-psychopathology-and-reduced-functioning-in-a-post-9-11-veteran-sample
#14
Arielle A J Scoglio, Steven D Shirk, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza, Carolyn M Mazure, Crystal L Park, Sherry A McKee, Elizabeth A Porter, Shane W Kraus
U.S. combat veterans frequently encounter challenges after returning from deployment, and these challenges may lead to difficulties in psychological and social functioning. Currently, research is limited on gender-related differences within this population, despite female veterans comprising a growing portion of the U.S. military with roles and exposures similar to their male counterparts. Using secondary analysis, we examined 283 returning combat veterans (female = 29.4%) for differences in psychopathology and trauma history...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193289/disproportionate-mental-health-burden-associated-with-past-year-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-receiving-care-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#15
Melissa E Dichter, Anneliese Sorrentino, Scarlett Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Katherine M Iverson
Experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) can lead to mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and unhealthy substance use. Women seen in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) face high rates of both IPV and mental health morbidity. This study aimed to identify associations between recent IPV experience and mental health diagnoses among women VHA patients. We examined medical records data for 8,888 female veteran and nonveteran VHA patients across 13 VHA facilities who were screened for past-year IPV between April, 2014 and April, 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179017/intimate-partner-violence-and-disordered-eating-among-male-and-female-veterans
#16
Brooke A Bartlett, Katherine M Iverson, Karen S Mitchell
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects many women and men in the United States and has been associated with numerous mental health conditions, including disordered eating (DE). Veterans may be especially vulnerable to experiencing both of these serious problems given the unique aspects and stressors relevant to military culture, including high rates of trauma exposure. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of past-year IPV among independent samples of male (N = 642) and female (N = 198) veterans and to examine the association between past-year IPV and DE...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171862/deployment-related-military-sexual-trauma-predicts-heavy-drinking-and-alcohol-problems-among-male-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers
#17
Jennifer Fillo, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military sexual trauma (MST) is associated with a range of deleterious mental and physical health consequences; however, far less attention has been paid to the associations between MST and negative health behaviors, such as substance abuse. This study examined 2 focal research questions: (i) What is the prevalence of experiencing MST during deployment among male Reserve and National Guard soldiers? and (ii) to what extent is the degree of MST exposure during deployment associated with frequent heavy drinking and alcohol problems postdeployment? METHODS: Data from male soldiers who had been deployed (N = 248) were drawn from the baseline wave of Operation: SAFETY (Soldiers And Families Excelling Through the Years) an ongoing study examining health among U...
January 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056537/male-partner-reproductive-coercion-among-women-veterans
#18
Elian A Rosenfeld, Elizabeth Miller, Xinhua Zhao, Florentina E Sileanu, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: Male partner reproductive coercion is defined as male partners' attempts to promote pregnancy through interference with women's contraceptive behaviors and reproductive decision-making. Male partners may try to promote pregnancy through birth control sabotage such as taking away or destroying their partners' contraceptives, refusing to wear condoms, and/or verbally pressuring their partners to abstain from contraceptive use. Reproductive coercion is associated with an elevated risk for unintended pregnancy...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017066/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-posttraumatic-cognitions-inventory-with-veterans-seeking-treatment-following-military-trauma-exposure
#19
Minden B Sexton, Margaret T Davis, Diana C Bennett, David H Morris, Sheila A M Rauch
Trauma-related beliefs have salient relationships to the development and maintenance of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) following stress exposure. The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) has the potential to be a standard assessment of this critical construct. However, some critical aspects of validity and reliability appear to vary by population. To date, the PTCI has not been psychometrically evaluated for use with military-specific traumas such as combat and military sexual trauma (MST). Based on exploratory and confirmatory analyses with 949 Veterans seeking trauma-focused treatment for military traumas, we found a four factor model (negative view of the self, negative view of the world, self-blame, and negative beliefs about coping competence) provided the best fit...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016157/assailant-identity-and-self-reported-nondisclosure-of-military-sexual-trauma-in-partnered-women-veterans
#20
Rebecca K Blais, Emily Brignone, Jamison D Fargo, Nathan W Galbreath, Adi V Gundlapalli
OBJECTIVE: Department of Veterans Affairs estimates of military sexual trauma (MST) suggest 27% of female veterans have experienced MST. However, Department of Defense data (Department of Defense, 2014) show that a subgroup of active-duty women do not report sexual assaults to a military authority, suggesting barriers to disclosure exist among military samples. No study of female veterans has examined rates of nondisclosure among those with previous screens for MST; these data could inform screening efforts and establishment of safe havens for candid disclosures...
October 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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