keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban poor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329428/perceived-environmental-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-young-adults-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh-does-gender-matter
#1
Riaz Uddin, Nicola W Burton, Asaduzzaman Khan
Background: Physical activity (PA) has demonstrated health benefits, but participation is low in many countries. Little is known about environmental barriers to PA among young Asian adults. The purpose of this study was to identify common perceived environmental barriers to PA in young adults in Dhaka, Bangladesh and to examine if these barriers differed by gender. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a self-administered survey and data collected from a convenience sample of 573 students aged 20...
January 10, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325589/catastrophic-total-costs-in-tuberculosis-affected-households-and-their-determinants-since-indonesia-s-implementation-of-universal-health-coverage
#2
Ahmad Fuady, Tanja A J Houweling, Muchtaruddin Mansyur, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: As well as imposing an economic burden on affected households, the high costs related to tuberculosis (TB) can create access and adherence barriers. This highlights the particular urgency of achieving one of the End TB Strategy's targets: that no TB-affected households have to face catastrophic costs by 2020. In Indonesia, as elsewhere, there is also an emerging need to provide social protection by implementing universal health coverage (UHC). We therefore assessed the incidence of catastrophic total costs due to TB, and their determinants since the implementation of UHC...
January 12, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325544/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-wheezing-illnesses-of-children-aged-three-to-five-years-living-in-under-served-settlements-of-the-colombo-municipal-council-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Ruwanika Seneviratne, Nalika S Gunawardena
BACKGROUND: A rising trend in Sri Lanka for asthma and wheezing illness is observed with higher morbidity in younger children and a paucity of related research. 'Under-served settlements' (USS) of Colombo Municipal Council (CMC) have poor living environments conducive to childhood wheezing. The objective was to describe the prevalence and associated factors of wheezing illnesses of three to five year old children living in low-income settlements in CMC. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 460 three to five year old children and their caregivers using cluster sampling among residents of two randomly selected USSs of CMC...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325530/knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-and-hpv-vaccine-in-bangladeshi-women-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#4
Jessica Yasmine Islam, Fatema Khatun, Anadil Alam, Farhana Sultana, Afsana Bhuiyan, Nazmul Alam, Laura Reichenbach, Lena Marions, Mustafizur Rahman, Quamrun Nahar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge of cervical cancer among Bangladeshi women and to assess their willingness to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted from July to December 2011 in one urban and one rural area of Bangladesh. A total of 2037 ever-married women, aged 14 to 64 years, were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge of cervical cancer were collected...
January 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325520/factors-associated-with-low-patient-satisfaction-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-in-denmark-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#5
Mette Tranberg, Peter Vedsted, Bodil Hammer Bech, Morten Bondo Christensen, Søren Birkeland, Grete Moth
BACKGROUND: Low patient satisfaction with the quality of out-of-hours primary care (OOH-PC) has been linked with several individual and organizational factors. However, findings have been ambiguous and may not apply to the Danish out-of-hours (OOH) setting in which general practitioners (GPs) perform the initial telephone triage. This study aimed to identify patient-related, GP-related and organizational factors associated with low patient satisfaction. METHODS: The study was based on data from a 1-year population-based survey of OOH-PC (LV-KOS) in the Central Denmark Region in 2010-2011...
January 11, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322200/prospective-associations-between-recalled-parental-bonding-and-perinatal-depression-a-cohort-study-in-urban-and-rural-turkey
#6
Berker Duman, Vesile Senturk Cankorur, Clare Taylor, Robert Stewart
PURPOSE: Recalled experiences of parental bonding may be important in the aetiology of perinatal depression. We hypothesized that lower recalled parental bonding would be associated with perinatal depression. METHOD: In a cohort study of perinatal depression in Turkey, 677 women were recruited in their third trimester. Parental Bonding Inventory (PBI) scores at baseline were investigated as predictors of depression on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 4, 14 and 21 months after childbirth in mothers without depression at baseline...
January 10, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320477/a-global-map-of-travel-time-to-cities-to-assess-inequalities-in-accessibility-in-2015
#7
D J Weiss, A Nelson, H S Gibson, W Temperley, S Peedell, A Lieber, M Hancher, E Poyart, S Belchior, N Fullman, B Mappin, U Dalrymple, J Rozier, T C D Lucas, R E Howes, L S Tusting, S Y Kang, E Cameron, D Bisanzio, K E Battle, S Bhatt, P W Gething
The economic and man-made resources that sustain human wellbeing are not distributed evenly across the world, but are instead heavily concentrated in cities. Poor access to opportunities and services offered by urban centres (a function of distance, transport infrastructure, and the spatial distribution of cities) is a major barrier to improved livelihoods and overall development. Advancing accessibility worldwide underpins the equity agenda of 'leaving no one behind' established by the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations...
January 10, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319485/attitudes-of-graduating-canadian-urology-residents-on-the-job-market-is-it-getting-better-or-are-we-just-spinning-our-wheels
#8
Gregory William Hosier, Naji Touma
INTRODUCTION: There has been increasing awareness of employment difficulties for physicians, especially surgeons, in Canada over the past few years. Our objective was to elucidate the attitudes and experiences of graduating Canadian urology residents in obtaining employment. METHODS: We surveyed four separate cohorts of graduating urology residents in 2010, 2011, 2016, and 2017. Responses from the 2010 and 2011 cohorts were combined and compared to the combined results of the 2016 and 2017 cohorts...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317900/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-tetanus-toxoid-vaccination-in-women-of-childbearing-age-a-cross-sectional-study-in-peri-urban-settlements-of-karachi-pakistan
#9
Yasir Shafiq, Asif Raza Khowaja, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Syed Asad Ali, Anita Zaidi, Ali Faisal Saleem
Backgound: A higher incidence of neonatal tetanus implies failure of the vaccination program in Pakistan. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccine in women of childbearing age. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey in peri-urban Karachi, Pakistan, among women of childbearing age, stratified into three mutually exclusive groups as: married pregnant; married non-pregnant; and unmarried...
September 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316925/extending-coverage-to-informal-sector-populations-in-kenya-design-preferences-and-implications-for-financing-policy
#10
Vincent Okungu, Jane Chuma, Stephen Mulupi, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage (UHC) is important in terms of improving access to quality health care while protecting households from the risk of catastrophic health spending and impoverishment. However, progress to UHC has been hampered by the measures to increase mandatory prepaid funds especially in low- and middle-income countries where there are large populations in the informal sector. Important considerations in expanding coverage to the informal sector should include an exploration of the type of prepayment system that is acceptable to the informal sector and the features of such a design that would encourage prepayment for health care among this population group...
January 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310659/the-impact-of-rural-residence-and-hiv-infection-on-poor-tuberculosis-treatment-outcomes-in-a-large-urban-hospital-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#11
Aishatu Lawal Adamu, Muktar H Aliyu, Najiba Aliyu Galadanci, Baba Maiyaki Musa, Umar Muhammad Lawan, Usman Bashir, Ibrahim Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Successful tuberculosis (TB) treatment is essential to effective TB control. TB-HIV coinfection, social determinants and access to services influenced by rural residence can affect treatment outcome. We examined the separate and joint effects of rural residence and HIV infection on poor treatment outcome among patients enrolled in a large TB treatment centre in Kano, Nigeria. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed a cohort of patients with TB enrolled in a large urban TB clinic in northern Nigeria, from January 2010 to December 2014...
January 8, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310642/urban-particulate-matter-pm-suppresses-airway-antibacterial-defence
#12
Xiaoyan Chen, Jinguo Liu, Jian Zhou, Jian Wang, Cuicui Chen, Yuanlin Song, Jue Pan
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that urban particulate matter (PM) increases the risk of respiratory infection. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. PM has been postulated to suppress the activation of airway epithelial innate defence in response to infection. METHODS: The effects of PM on antibacterial defence were studied using an in vitro infection model. The levels of antimicrobial peptides were measured using RT-PCR and ELISA...
January 8, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310630/youth-paying-for-sex-what-are-the-associated-factors-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-cambodia
#13
Soaman Dizechi, Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Chhorvann Chhea, Vonthanak Saphonn, Kunthearith Yung, Sanh Kim, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: At-risk male youth in Cambodia who purchase sex are at greater risk for HIV compared to the general population. Factors associated with paying for sex among youth are poorly studied, both globally and in Cambodia. This study aimed to identify specific factors associated with transactional sex with women among most-at-risk male youth in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted with 405 sexually active male youth aged 16-24 recruited at 'hotspots' in the capital city of Phnom Penh and seven provinces...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306339/differences-in-nutrient-and-energy-contents-of-commonly-consumed-dishes-prepared-in-restaurants-v-at-home-in-hunan-province-china
#14
Xiaofang Jia, Jiawu Liu, Bo Chen, Donghui Jin, Zhongxi Fu, Huilin Liu, Shufa Du, Barry M Popkin, Michelle A Mendez
OBJECTIVE: Eating away from home is associated with poor diet quality, in part due to less healthy food choices and larger portions. However, few studies account for the potential additional contribution of differences in food composition between restaurant- and home-prepared dishes. The present study aimed to investigate differences in nutrients of dishes prepared in restaurants v. at home. DESIGN: Eight commonly consumed dishes were collected in twenty of each of the following types of locations: small and large restaurants, and urban and rural households...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302536/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-in-pregnant-women-attending-urban-tertiary-care-hospital
#15
Vasundhara Kamineni, Anuradha D Murki, Venkata Lakshmi Kota
Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care and is based on the theory that preparing for childbirth and being ready for complications reduce delay in obtaining care. Study Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and predictors of birth preparedness, knowledge on danger signs, and emergency readiness among pregnant women attending outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302520/care-seeking-for-childhood-pneumonia-by-rural-and-poor-urban-communities-in-lucknow-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Anurag Minz, Monika Agarwal, J V Singh, V K Singh
Context: Globally, around 16% of under-five children die due to pneumonia. Childhood pneumonia, if identified early is a readily treatable through low-cost antibiotics. Access to timely and appropriate care is a key action to control pneumonia. Aims: The aim of the study was to understand the caregiver's care-seeking behavior for the management of childhood pneumonia among rural and urban poor communities in Lucknow. Settings and Design: Rural areas and urban slums of Lucknow district, from September 2014 to August 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302320/knowledge-about-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-its-prevention-and-associated-factors-among-ethiopian-women
#17
Tegene Regassa Luba, Zhanchun Feng, Simon Afewerki Gebremedhin, Asfaw N Erena, Abdulsalam Ma Nasser, Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang
Background: Poor awareness and knowledge of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT),that accounts for over 90% of new HIV infections among children, might contribute to the HIV epidemics. In Ethiopia, 898 400 children are orphaned due to HIV and AIDS and 200 300 were living with HIV in 2013. The main objective of this study was to examine the knowledge of MTCT of HIV, its prevention (PMTCT) and associated factors among Ethiopian women. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 16 515 women from the Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (EDHS) 2011...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#18
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294687/common-crime-and-domestic-violence-victimization-of-older-chinese-in-urban-china-the-prevalence-and-its-impact-on-mental-health-and-constrained-behavior
#19
Nan Qin, Elsie Yan
This article examines the prevalence of victimization among older Chinese living in urban China and its psychological and behavioral impacts. A representative sample of 453 older adults aged 60 or above was recruited from Kunming, the People's Republic of China, using multistage sampling method. Participants were individually interviewed on their demographic characteristics, experience of common crime and domestic violence victimization, fear of common crime and domestic violence, mental health, and constrained behavior...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294680/poly-victimization-in-polish-adolescents-risk-factors-and-the-moderating-role-of-coping
#20
Faye Riley, Mark Wright, Anna Bokszczanin, Cecilia A Essau
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of poly-victimization in Polish adolescents and assess factors associated with poly-victimization risk across different ecological levels. This study further examined whether coping styles could moderate the impact of poly-victimization on emotional well-being. Participants were 454 adolescents, aged between 13 and 19 years, from an urban region of Poland. Adolescents completed self-report measures assessing community, school, and family risks, along with a peer nomination task measuring social preference...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
keyword
keyword
69368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"