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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535559/initial-clinical-outcomes-of-percutaneous-full-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-using-an-interlaminar-approach-at-the-l4-l5
#1
Jun-Ichiro Nakamura, Kiyoshi Yoshihara
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous full-endoscopic discectomy (PED) is being increasingly used because of its potential to minimalize soft-tissue damage and decrease hospital stay. PED using the interlaminar approach (PED-IL) at L4-L5 is performed by only a few surgeons. To the best of our knowledge, the safety and efficacy of PED-IL at L4-L5, without experience in PED via a transforaminal approach (PED-TF) has not been previously reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate initial clinical outcomes and complications of PED-IL at L4-L5 without experience in PED-TF...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533940/dietary-factors-and-cognitive-function-in-poor-urban-settings
#2
Regina S Wright, Constance Gerassimakis, Desirée Bygrave, Shari R Waldstein
A significant body of evidence suggests that poor dietary intake is associated with reduced cognitive function. However, few studies have examined this relation in poor urban settings. Our brief review suggests that (a) higher overall diet quality may play a particularly important role in cognitive function among the poorest; and (b) greater vitamin E intake is related to better cognitive performance, at least in part, via fewer depressive symptoms. The broader recent literature strongly suggests the beneficial role of diet for learning and memory, and potentially synergistic influences on other cognitive domains...
March 2017: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532715/caretakers-barriers-to-pediatric-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study
#3
C T Tran, T H Pham, K T Tran, T K C Nguyen, M Larsson
BACKGROUND: Poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence leads to drug resistance and treatment failures. The options for second and third line ART regimens, particularly for pediatric patients, are very limited in low and middle-income countries. HIV-infected children are mostly passive drug-takers, thus caretakers play a very important role in assuring ART adherence. Pediatric ART adherence is still a challenging problem in Vietnam since non-adherence is the major risk factor for treatment failure...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531952/groundwater-quality-in-the-alluvial-aquifer-system-of-northwest-india-new-evidence-of-the-extent-of-anthropogenic-and-geogenic-contamination
#4
D J Lapworth, G Krishan, A M MacDonald, M S Rao
Groundwater depletion has been widely studied in northwest India, but water quality concerns are still poorly constrained. In this study, we explore the hydrochemistry of the top 160m of the aquifer system, through detailed field studies in the Bist-Doab region, considering both anthropogenic and geogenic controls. A detailed comparison is made between sites dominated by urban and agricultural landuse. Salinity, nitrate, chloride and lead concentrations are significantly higher in the shallow (0-50m) groundwater system due to surface anthropogenic contaminant loading from agricultural and urban sources...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#5
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530038/hiv-treatment-and-care-services-for-adolescents-a-situational-analysis-of-218-facilities-in-23-sub-saharan-african-countries
#6
Daniella Mark, Alice Armstrong, Catarina Andrade, Martina Penazzato, Luann Hatane, Lina Taing, Toby Runciman, Jane Ferguson
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents (age 10-19 years) were living with HIV globally. The extent to which health facilities provide appropriate treatment and care was unknown. To support understanding of service availability in 2014, Paediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA), a non-governmental organisation (NGO) supporting a network of health facilities across sub-Saharan Africa, undertook a facility-level situational analysis of adolescent HIV treatment and care services in 23 countries...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529716/epidemiology-of-adulthood-drowning-deaths-in-bangladesh-findings-from-a-nationwide-health-and-injury-survey
#7
Mohammad Jahangir Hossain, Animesh Biswas, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Fazlur Rahman, Aminur Rahman
Background: Annual global death due to drowning accounts for 372,000 lives, 90% of which occur in low and middle income countries. Life in Bangladesh exposes adults and children to may water bodies for daily household needs, and as a result drowning is common. In Bangladesh, due to lack of systemic data collection, drowning among adults is unknown; most research is focused on childhood drowning. The aim of the present study was to explore the epidemiology of adulthood drowning deaths in Bangladesh. Methodology: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to December in 2003 among 171,366 rural and urban households, with a sample of 819,429 individuals to determine the epidemiology of adulthood drowning in Bangladesh...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#8
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526251/asthma-related-lung-function-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration-in-urban-children
#9
Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, Sheryl J Kopel, Ronald Seifer, Monique LeBourgeois, Elizabeth L McQuaid, Cynthia A Esteban, Julie Boergers, Jack Nassau, Michael Farrow, Gregory K Fritz, Robert B Klein
OBJECTIVES: Examine (1) the extent to which changes in objectively measured asthma-related lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) within a sleep period are associated with sleep quality and sleep duration during that sleep period in a group of urban children with persistent asthma, (2) associations between morning and evening asthma-related lung function and sleep quality and duration on the adjacent night, and (3) whether these associations differ by ethnic group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multimethod approach...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521735/exercise-and-eating-habits-among-urban-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kolkata-india
#10
Soumitra Kumar, Saumitra Ray, Debabrata Roy, Kajal Ganguly, Sibananda Dutta, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sanchita Mahapatra, Kinnori Gupta, Kaushik Chakraborty, Mrinal Kanti Das, Santanu Guha, Pradip K Deb, Amal K Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy eating and lack of exercise during adolescence culminated into earlier onset and increasing burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) worldwide. Among urban Indian adolescents, prevalence of these risk factors of CVD seemed to be high, but data regarding their pattern and predictors was limited. To address this dearth of information, a survey was conducted among urban adolescent school-students in Kolkata, a highly populated metro city in eastern India...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515162/dietary-protein-and-the-health-nutrition-agriculture-connection-in-india
#11
REVIEW
Sumedha Minocha, Tinku Thomas, Anura V Kurpad
The connection between the production, availability, and consumption of high-quality food is becoming very important in developing countries. The requirement of protein is linked to its quality, or its digestibility and ability to meet human indispensable amino acid requirements. This requirement is particularly relevant in India, where commonly consumed cereal-based diets and cereal-based food subsidy programs offer low-quality protein and therefore pose a risk of quality protein deficiency. The production of and access to sustainable sources of high-quality protein will be important parts of mitigating risks to human health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513790/-sanitation-and-racial-inequality-conditions-in-urban-brazil-an-analysis-focused-on-the-indigenous-population-based-on-the-2010-population-census
#12
Ludimila Raupp, Thatiana Regina Fávaro, Geraldo Marcelo Cunha, Ricardo Ventura Santos
Objective: The aims of this study were to analyze and describe the presence and infrastructure of basic sanitation in the urban areas of Brazil, contrasting indigenous with non-indigenous households. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on microdata from the 2010 Census was conducted. The analyses were based on descriptive statistics (prevalence) and the construction of multiple logistic regression models (adjusted by socioeconomic and demographic covariates). The odds ratios were estimated for the association between the explanatory variables (covariates) and the outcome variables (water supply, sewage, garbage collection, and adequate sanitation)...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511940/comparative-efficacy-of-benthic-biotic-indices-in-assessing-the-ecological-quality-status-ecoqs-of-the-stressed-ulhas-estuary-india
#13
Jyoti Mulik, Soniya Sukumaran, Tatiparthi Srinivas, Tejal Vijapure
Ecostatus of Ulhas estuary, one of the most polluted estuaries along the industrialized and urbanized northwest coast of India, was evaluated by six widely accepted benthic indices viz. H'(log2), AMBI, M-AMBI, BENTIX, BOPA and BO2A to test their efficiency in a tropical setting. The mesohaline zone, which presented eutrophic conditions, was classified as 'bad' by all indices due to the azoic status. Despite significant correlations obtained between indices, there were discrepancies in the accurate level of EcoQS assigned to each station...
May 13, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511682/inequities-in-coverage-of-smokefree-space-policies-within-the-united-states
#14
Christopher Lowrie, Amber L Pearson, George Thomson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found extensive geographic and demographic differences in tobacco use. These differences have been found to be reduced by effective public policies, including banning smoking in public spaces. Smokefree indoor and outdoor spaces reduce secondhand smoke exposure and denormalize smoking. METHODS: We evaluated regional and demographic differences in the proportion of the population covered by smokefree policies enacted in the United States prior to 2014, for both adults and children...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511456/acute-rubella-virus-infection-among-women-with-spontaneous-abortion-in-mwanza-city-tanzania
#15
Lukombodzo Lulandala, Mariam M Mirambo, Dismas Matovelo, Balthazar Gumodoka, Stephen E Mshana
INTRODUCTION: Acute rubella virus infection in early pregnancy has been associated with poor pregnancy outcome ranging from spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and multiple birth defects known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS). Despite its importance the prevalence of acute rubella virus infections is not known among women with spontaneous abortion in most centres in developing countries. AIM: The present study was aimed to determine the seroprevalence of acute rubella infection among women with spontaneous abortion in Mwanza city...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511300/-mediator-effect-analysis-of-the-trait-coping-style-on-job-stress-and-fatigue-of-the-military-personnel-stationed-in-plateau-and-high-cold-region
#16
J J Zhang, J M Jia, N Tao, Z X Song, H Ge, Y Jiang, H Tian, E C Qiu, J H Tang, J W Liu
Objective: To investigate the fatigue status of military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region, and to analyze the mediator effect of trait coping style on job stress and fatigue. Methods: In October 2010, with the method of cluster random sampling survey, 531 military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region were chosen as subject. The fatigue status were evaluated by the Chinese version multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20) , job stress were evaluated by the Job Stress Survey (JSS) , and trait coping style were evaluated by the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) ...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504012/inpatient-glycemic-management-in-internal-medicine-an-observational-multicenter-study-in-nanjing-china
#17
Shujie Hao, Ning Zhang, Anne Folta Fish, Xiaodan Yuan, Lin Liu, Fan Li, Zhaohui Fang, Qingqing Lou
Aims To evaluate the prevalence of hyperglycemia among inpatients in internal medicine, and specifically, to assess the glycemic management of inpatients in non-endocrinology departments in three large urban hospitals in China. Methods A multicenter observational study was conducted using electronic health records, and a survey of 1939 patients who were admitted to internal medicine units and followed until discharge. Those with previously diagnosed diabetes, newly diagnosed diabetes, or impaired fasting glucose were included...
May 13, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503660/breast-cancer-downstaging-practices-and-breast-health-messaging-preferences-among-a-community-sample-of-urban-and-rural-ugandan-women
#18
John R Scheel, Yamile Molina, Donald L Patrick, Benjamin O Anderson, Gertrude Nakigudde, Constance D Lehman, Beti Thompson
PURPOSE: Among a community sample of Ugandan women, we provide information about breast cancer downstaging practices (breast self-examination, clinical breast examination [CBE]) and breast health messaging preferences across sociodemographic, health care access, and prior breast cancer exposure factors. METHODS: Convenience-based sampling was conducted to recruit Ugandan women age 25 years and older to assess breast cancer downstaging practices as well as breast health messaging preferences to present early for a CBE in the theoretical scenario of self-detection of a palpable lump (breast health messaging preferences)...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502046/adapting-the-vegetative-vigour-terrestrial-plant-test-for-assessing-ecotoxicity-of-aerosol-samples
#19
Nora Kováts, Eszter Horváth, Bettina Eck-Varanka, Eszter Csajbók, András Hoffer
Plants, being recognized to show high sensitivity to air pollution, have been long used to assess the ecological effects of airborne contaminants. However, many changes in vegetation are now generally attributed to atmospheric deposition of aerosol particles; the dose-effect relationships of this process are usually poorly known. In contrast to bioindication studies, ecotoxicological tests (or bioassays) are controlled and reproducible where ecological responses are determined quantitatively. In our study, the No...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501968/effect-of-parachute-jump-in-the-psychophysiological-response-of-soldiers-in-urban-combat
#20
Joaquín Sánchez-Molina, José J Robles-Pérez, Vicente J Clemente-Suárez
The study of organic and psychological response during combat situations has been poorly reported despite its importance for soldiers training and specific instruction, so it was proposed as aim of the present investigation to analyze the effect of a tactical parachute simulated jump in psycho-physiological response of paratroopers' warfighters during an urban combat simulation. 19 male paratroopers (31.9 ± 6.2 year old; 173.6 ± 5.3 cm; 73.8 ± 8.3 Kg) of the Spanish Army were divided in two groups: parachute jump group (n:11) that conducted a simulated parachute jump and a urban combat maneuver and a non-parachute jump group (n:8) that only conducted an urban combat maneuver...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
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