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Sayani Mitra, Silke Schicktanz
BACKGROUND: During a commercial surrogacy arrangement, the event of embryo transfer can be seen as the formal starting point of the arrangement. However, it is common for surrogates to undergo a failed attempt at pregnancy conception or missed conception after an embryo transfer. This paper attempts to argue that such failed attempts can be understood as a loss. It aims to reconstruct the experiences of loss and grief of the surrogates and the intended parents as a consequence of their collective failure to conceive a surrogate pregnancy...
September 19, 2016: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Tiffany H Kung, Eugene T Richardson, Tarub S Mabud, Catherine A Heaney, Evaleen Jones, Jessica Evert
CONTEXT: High-income country (HIC) trainees are undertaking global health experiences in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) host communities in increasing numbers. Although the benefits for HIC trainees are well described, the benefits and drawbacks for LMIC host communities are not well captured. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the perspectives of supervising physicians and local programme coordinators from LMIC host communities who engaged with HIC trainees in the context of the latter's short-term experiences in global health...
November 2016: Medical Education
Anita Kotwani, Chand Wattal, P C Joshi, Kathleen Holloway
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions and knowledge of school teachers and students about antibiotic use, resistance, and suggestions for practical interventions for the rational use of antibiotics. METHODOLOGY: Five focus group discussions (FGDs) with high school students (Class: 9-11) and five with teachers were conducted in two private and three public schools (one teacher and one student FGD per school) in five municipal wards of Delhi. Qualitative data on antibiotic knowledge, resistance, and behaviors with respect to antibiotics use were collected...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Zhijie Pan, Rong Liu, Pei Zhang, Hua Zhou, Yiqi Fu, Jianying Zhou
Raoultella planticola is a gram-negative bacterium that rarely causes diseases in humans. Here, we present a case of hospital-acquired pneumonia caused by R. planticola that likely originated in the gastrointestinal tract. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second report describing the detection of the gene New Delhi Metallo-β-lactamase-1 (blaNDM-1) in multidrug-resistant R. planticola. Clinical samples were collected for bacterial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing from a patient during hospitalization...
October 18, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Sarah J Burkhart, Fiona E Pelly
International travel and short-term residence overseas is now a common feature of an elite athlete's competition schedule, however, food choice away from home may be challenging and potentially impact on performance. Guidelines for dietary intake specific to competition exist for athletes, however, there is little evidence available to ascertain if athletes meet these recommendations during competition periods, particularly when food is provided in-house. During the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games, dietitians based in the dining hall recorded 24 h dietary recalls with all athletes who visited the nutrition kiosk...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
Charu Kohli, Kalika Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To assess average out of expenditure incurred on hypertension management and treatment seeking behaviour among patients in Delhi, India. DESIGN AND METHOD: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in rural and urban slum areas of Delhi to select a total of 160 (142 rural and 18 urban slum) hypertension patients. These patients were detected from the cross sectional screening survey among 200 adults in urban area and 1005 in rural area selected by systematic random sampling...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jay Thakkar, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Gaurav Purohit, Swetha Thakkar, Jitender Sharma, Sunilkumar Verma, Neeraj Parakh, Sandeep Seth, Sundeep Mishra, Rakesh Yadav, Sandeep Singh, Rohina Joshi, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Text message based prevention programs have demonstrated reduction in cardiovascular risk factors among patients with CHD in selected populations. Customisation is important as behaviour change is influenced by culture and linguistic context. OBJECTIVES: To customise a mobile phone text message program supporting behaviour and treatment adherence in CHD for delivery in North India...
2016: Heart Asia
Mingjie Kang, Pingqing Fu, Shankar G Aggarwal, Sudhanshu Kumar, Ye Zhao, Yele Sun, Zifa Wang
Size-segregated aerosol samples were collected in New Delhi, India from March 6 to April 6, 2012. Homologous series of n-alkanes (C19C33), n-fatty acids (C12C30) and n-alcohols (C16C32) were measured using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Results showed a high-variation in the concentrations and size distributions of these chemicals during non-haze, haze, and dust storm days. In general, n-alkanes, n-fatty acids and n-alcohols presented a bimodal distribution, peaking at 0.7-1.1 μm and 4.7-5.8 μm for fine modes and coarse modes, respectively...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Surendra K Sharma, Anunay Gupta, Ashutosh Biswas, Abhishek Sharma, Atul Malhotra, K T Prasad, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, Sajal Ajmani, Hridesh Mishra, Manish Soneja, Shobha Broor
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common disorder in critically ill patients and is associated with high mortality. There is a paucity of literature on this condition from developing countries. This prospective observational study was designed to find out the aetiology, outcomes and predictors of mortality in ARDS. METHODS: Sixty four consecutive patients who satisfied American-European Consensus Conference (AECC) definition of ARDS from medical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary care centre in New Delhi, India, were enrolled in the study...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Fatemeh Riyahi Zaniani, Sharareh Moghim, Hossein Mirhendi, Hajieh Ghasemian Safaei, Hossein Fazeli, Mahshid Salehi, Bahram Nasr Esfahani
In this study, we aimed to identify the genetic lineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Isfahan via the mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable number tandem repeat typing method based on 15 loci. Forty-nine M. tuberculosis isolates were collected between 2013 and 2015 from Tuberculosis patients in Mollahadi Sabzevari Tuberculosis Center in Isfahan. All isolates were typed by 15-locus MIRU-VNTR typing. The highest percentage of isolates, 44.89 % (22/49), belonged to the Euro-American lineage, while the frequencies of the East-African-Indian, East-Asian, and Indo-Oceanic lineages were 28...
October 14, 2016: Current Microbiology
Papiya Mandal, R Sarkar, A Mandal, P Patel, N Kamal
This study assessed the concentrations of airborne heavy metals (HMs) in particulate matter with a cutoff size of 10 µm (i.e., PM10) in an industrialized urban area (Naraina Industrial Area) of New Delhi, India. The samples were collected from January to December, 2011. The annual mean concentrations of selected HMs were as follows As (0.002 ± 0.002), Cd (0.030 ± 0.020), Co (0.003 ± 0.002), Cr (0.170 ± 0.081), Cu (0.183 ± 0.120), Fe (4.774 ± 1.889), Mn (0.258 ± 0.145), Ni (0...
October 14, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Adesola O Olumide, Emmanuel S Adebayo, Oladosu A Ojengbede
Photovoice is a participatory action research method in which people are given cameras and asked to take pictures of specific issues within their community. It is often used among marginalised populations. This method helps people capture specific issues within their community using photographs, critically discuss these issues within a group and present their findings to inform policies within their community. Photovoice has been used in developed countries and among adult participants; however, the extent to which it has been used in developing countries and among adolescent participants is yet to be extensively reported...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Naval K Vikram, Ahmad Nawid Latifi, Anoop Misra, Kalpana Luthra, Surya Prakash Bhatt, Randeep Guleria, Ravindra M Pandey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the discriminatory ability of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in identifying the presence of cardiometabolic risk factors in Asian Indians. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 509 subjects (278 males and 231 females) aged 20-60 years from New Delhi, India. Measurements included complete clinical examination, blood pressure, weight, height, WC, BMI, WHR and WHtR, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, and fasting insulin levels...
October 14, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Charlotte A Huber, Hanna E Sidjabat, Hosam M Zowawi, David Kvaskoff, Sarah Reed, John F McNamara, Kate L McCarthy, Patrick Harris, Benjamin Toh, Alexander M Wailan, David L Paterson
It has been described that the sensitivity of the Carba NP test may be low in the case of OXA-48-like carbapenamases and mass spectrometry based methods as well as a colorimetry based method have been described as alternatives. We evaluated 84 Enterobacteriaceae isolates including 31 OXA-48-like producing isolates and 13 isolates that produced either an imipenemase (IMP; n=8), New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM; n=3), or Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC; n=2), as well as 40 carbapenemase negative Enterobacteriaceae isolates...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Anshu Gupta, R Paulraj
Landfills are considered the most widely practiced method for disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) and 95% of the total MSW collected worldwide is disposed off in landfills. Leachate produced from Municipal solid waste landfills may contain a number of pollutants and leachates are known to pose a potential environmental risk for surface as well as ground water. In the present study chemical analysis and toxicity assessment of landfill leachate have been carried out. Leachate samples were collected from Ghazipur landfill site, New Delhi...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Technology
Jaiprakash, Amrita Singhai, Gazala Habib, Ramya Sunder Raman, Tarun Gupta
Fine aerosol fraction (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <= 1.0 μm (PM)1.0) over the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi campus was monitored day and night (10 h each) at 30 m height from November 2009 to March 2010. The samples were analyzed for 5 ions (NH4(+), NO3(-), SO4(2-), F(-), and Cl(-)) and 12 trace elements (Na, K, Mg, Ca, Pb, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu, Cd, Cr, and Ni). Importantly, secondary aerosol (sulfate and nitrate) formation was observed during dense foggy events, supporting the fog-smog-fog cycle...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Perumal Arumugam Desingu, Shambhu Dayal Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Obli Rajendran Vinodhkumar, Rajamani Barathidasan, Yashpal Singh Malik, Rajendra Singh, Raj Kumar Singh
Disease outbreak investigations were carried out in three states of Northern India namely Haryana (Rewari), Uttar Pradesh (Noida) and Delhi, where a total of 110 Indian peafowls (Pavo cristatus) showed sudden onset of nervous signs and died within a period of two weeks during June, 2012. The F (fusion) gene-based RT-PCR detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in affected tissues confirmed the presence of the virus. Three NDV isolates were selected (one from each area under investigation) and further characterized...
October 11, 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
D N Tran, H H Tran, M Matsui, M Suzuki, S Suzuki, K Shibayama, T D Pham, T T Van Phuong, D A Dang, H S Trinh, C T Loan, L T V Nga, H R van Doorn, H F L Wertheim
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important cause of multidrug-resistant hospital acquired infections in the world. Here, we investigate the presence of NDM-1 and other carbapenemases among carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii isolated between August 2010 and December 2014 from three large hospitals in Hanoi, Vietnam. We identified 23/582 isolates (4 %) (11 from hospital A, five from hospital B, and seven from hospital C) that were NDM-1 positive, and among them 18 carried additional carbapenemase genes, including seven isolates carrying NDM-1, IMP-1, and OXA-58 with high MICs for carbapenems...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Bidyut K Sarkar, Robert West, Monika Arora, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, K Srinath Reddy, Lion Shahab
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use kills half a million people every month, most in low-middle income countries (LMICs). There is an urgent need to identify potentially low-cost, scalable tobacco cessation interventions for these countries. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a brief community outreach intervention delivered by health workers to promote tobacco cessation in India. DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 32 low-income administrative blocks in Delhi, half government authorised ('resettlement colony') and half unauthorised ('J...
October 5, 2016: Thorax
Gayathri Anagha, Baldev Raj Gulati, Thachamvally Riyesh, Nitin Virmani
Equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV1) is a common pathogen of horses that causes upper respiratory tract disease, abortion, neonatal death and neurological disease. The neurological form of disease is called equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM). During the past decade, the incidence of EHM has been on the rise in Europe, North America, Australia and Asia. Some EHV1 isolates causing EHM exhibit a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the DNA polymerase gene (ORF30) at position 2254 (A2254 to G2254). Further, based on polymorphism in the ORF68, EHV1 isolates have been classified into different groups...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Virology
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