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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904258/cost-analysis-of-a-disaster-facility-at-an-apex-tertiary-care-trauma-center-of-india
#1
Sheetal Singh, Shakti Gupta, Anoop Daga, Vijaydeep Siddharth, LaxmiTej Wundavalli
INTRODUCTION: For the Commonwealth Games 2010, Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre (JPNATC) of India had been directed by the Director General Health Services and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, to set up a specialized unit for the definitive management of the injured/unwell athletes, officials, and related personnel coming for the Commonwealth Games in October 2010. The facility included a 20-bedded fully equipped ward, six ICU beds with ventilator capacity, one very very important person observation area, one perioperative management cubicle, and one fully modular and integrated operating room...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899025/empirical-model-for-calculating-dengue-incidence-using-temperature-rainfall-and-relative-humidity-a-19-year-retrospective-analysis-in-east-delhi-india
#2
V G Ramachandran, Priyamvada Roy, Shukla Das, Narendra Singh Mogha, Ajay Kumar Bansal
Purpose: Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area. Methods: Number of monthly dengue cases reported for a period of 19 years was obtained. Monthly data of rainfall, temperature and humidity collected from local Weather Station was correlated with number of monthly reported dengue cases...
November 27, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894674/emergence-of-plasmid-mediated-colistin-resistance-and-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-genes-in-extensively-drug-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-a-patient-in-thailand
#3
Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Anusak Kerdsin, Sukanya Chokngam, Charatdao Bunthi, Somchai Sangkitporn, Christopher J Gregory
We reported a case of Escherichia coli with colistin resistance and an extensively drug-resistant phenotype. Molecular analysis revealed that the isolate carried mcr-1 and multiple β-lactamase genes includingblaNDM1, blaCTX-M-15, blaTEM1, and blaCMY-2. This is the first report of a clinical mcr-1 isolate in Thailand highlighting the urgent need for a comprehensive antimicrobial resistance containment strategy to prevent further spread.
November 14, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891375/flow-mediated-dilatation-carotid-intima-media-thickness-ankle-brachial-pressure-index-and-pulse-pressure-in-young-male-post-myocardial-infarction-patients-in-india
#4
Nikhil Gupta, Subhash Giri, Vinita Rathi, Gajender Singh Ranga
INTRODUCTION: Due to increase in Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) at a younger age, we should try to diagnose atherosclerotic process and population at risk, at the earliest. Flow Mediated Dilatation (FMD), Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (CIMT) and Ankle-Brachial Pressure Index (ABI) are probable markers for early atherosclerosis and may be useful in coronary risk stratification. AIM: To compare and correlate the FMD, CIMT, ABI and Pulse Pressure (PP) in young male patients of Myocardial Infarction (MI) with age and sex matched healthy controls...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891361/serum-frap-levels-and-pre-eclampsia-among-pregnant-women-in-a-rural-community-of-northern-india
#5
Anant Gupta, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Shyam Prakash, Mani Kalaivani, Chandrakant S Pandav, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Puneet Misra
INTRODUCTION: There is a balance between the oxidative and the anti-oxidative forces in human body. Some studies document decreased level of anti-oxidant in pre-eclampsia while other studies showed normal level of anti-oxidant in pre-eclampsia and the evidence is equivocal. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess enzymatic anti-oxidant activities in pre-eclamptic women and compare it with normotensive pregnant women with period of gestation between 28 to 36 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891337/high-seroprevalence-of-dengue-virus-infection-in-blood-donors-from-delhi-a-single-centre-study
#6
Pragya Ranjan, Vidhya Natarajan, Meenu Bajpai, Ekta Gupta
INTRODUCTION: The risk of transfusion transmitted dengue has been increasingly recognized. Blood donors in an endemic area like Delhi may serve as a potential vehicle for transmission of the infection. Moreover, prevalence of infection in them would be representative of the true picture of dengue in a population. AIM: To determine the prevalence of dengue virus infection in blood donors in a tertiary care centre. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 200 blood donors were recruited in the study after obtaining informed consent in the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi in July and August 2012...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890951/a-situational-analysis-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-issues-in-physically-challenged-people-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#7
Utkarsha Agarwal, Sumathi Muralidhar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physically challenged people constitute the most stigmatized sections of society, and are excluded from outreach programs, besides being considered sexually inactive. They have unaddressed sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) issues, predisposing them to sexual abuse and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The huge paucity of data in this field prompted us to undertake this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 100 people with more than 40% of permanent disability, attending various out/inpatient facilities of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889719/causes-of-death-among-children-aged-5-years-in-a-public-hospital-in-new-delhi
#8
Manas Pratim Roy, Ratan Gupta, Meenakshi Bhatt, Kailash Chander Aggarwal
Retrospective analysis was done for 3817 children aged 5-12 years admitted in a tertiary-care, public hospital in New Delhi between January to December, 2015. Mortality rate was 5.8%. About 47.1% deaths were due to central nervous system involvement; viral meningoencephalitis being the predominant cause. Overall, infectious diseases caused >80% of deaths. Public health interventions to reduce child mortality need to review such data for effective measures.
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872578/morphology-and-morphogenesis-of-a-new-oxytrichid-ciliate-notohymena-limus-n-sp-ciliophora-oxytrichidae-from-delhi-india
#9
Ilams Naqvi, Renu Gupta, Seema Makhija, Ravi Toteja, Jeeva S Abraham, S Sripoorna, Hamed A El-Serehy, Fahad A Al-Misned
The morphology and morphogenesis of a new oxytrichid ciliate, Notohymena limus n. sp. were studied in vivo and after protargol impregnation. The new ciliate was isolated from the sewage sludge at Delhi Jal Board Sewage Treatment Plant located at Rithala, Delhi, India, using the non-flooded Petri dish method. N. limus n. sp. is characterized as follows: flexible dorsoventrally flattened ellipsoidal body; Notohymena-pattern undulating membranes; adoral zone of membranelles (AZM) occupied about 39% of the body length, and consists of around 26 membranelles; large and deep buccal cavity; colorless subpellicular granules present in groups and arranged around the bases of dorsal bristles; 4 macronuclear nodules; 2 micronuclei; 18 fronto-ventral-transverse (FVT) cirri in typical Oxytricha-pattern; 6 dorsal rows of bristles; 3 caudal cirri; about 16 right and 15 left marginal cirri; N...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872568/weekly-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-plays-differential-role-in-maintaining-iron-markers-level-in-non-anaemic-and-anaemic-primigravida-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Hari Shankar, Neeta Kumar, Rajat Sandhir, Suneeta Mittal, Santosh Kurra, Lakhbir Dhaliwal, Gurjit Kaur, Nomita Chandhiok, B S Dhillon, D N Rao
: Anaemia during pregnancy is most commonly observed and highly prevalent in South-East Asia. Various effective programmes have been laid down for its management, mainly daily supplementation of iron folic acid (IFA) tablets. Following the same, standard obstetrical practice has included the IFA supplementation without requiring the determination of iron deficiency. In this study, a total of 120 primigravida (N = 60; non-anaemic (Hb > 11 g/dl) and N = 60 anaemic (Hb = 8-11 g/dl)) were selected among those attending the Antenatal Clinic in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872398/five-year-study-of-unidentified-unclaimed-and-unknown-deaths-brought-for-medicolegal-autopsy-at-premier-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#11
Abhishek Yadav, Adarsh Kumar, Rajanikanta Swain, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
Delhi is the second largest city of the world both in terms of population and area, as well as being the capital of India. Every year, thousands of people from different states throng to the capital in search of a job in order to earn a living. When these people die and their bodies are found without any identifying documentation, it is very difficult for the police to establish their identities. These bodies are labelled as unidentified/unclaimed or unknown, and are sent for usually sent for medicolegal autopsy...
November 21, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867887/cross-sectional-study-of-nutritional-markers-in-pregnancy
#12
Subhadra Sharma, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Manisha Yadav, B R Usha, Sunesh Kumar, A K Mukhopadhyay
OBJECTIVES: To note the value of serum Vitamin B12, folic acid, and ferritin in normal and high-risk pregnancies (HRPs) in patients attending antenatal clinic at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study where a total of 282 patients attending Gynaecology Outpatient Department at AIIMS, New Delhi, India were recruited. Among the 282 subjects, 251 were pregnant, and 31 were controls. The serum was tested for serum Vitamin B12, serum folic acid, and serum ferritin levels using Beckman Coulter Access 2 immunoassay...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866359/evaluation-of-coarse-and-fine-particles-in-diverse-indian-environments
#13
K V George, Dinakar D Patil, Mulukutla N V Anil, Neel Kamal, Babu J Alappat, Prashant Kumar
The estimates of airborne fine particle (PM2.5) concentrations are possible through rigorous empirical correlations based on the monitored PM10 data. However, such correlations change depending on the nature of sources in diverse ambient environments and, therefore, have to be environment specific. Studies presenting such correlations are limited but needed, especially for those areas, where PM2.5 is not routinely monitored. Moreover, there are a number of studies focusing on urban environments but very limited for coal mines and coastal areas...
November 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865238/tuberculosis-prevalence-and-socio-economic-differentials-in-the-slums-of-four-metropolitan-cities-of-india
#14
Palaniappan Marimuthu
AIM: To understand tuberculosis (TB) prevalence among the slum dwellers of metropolitan cities of India and the factors associated with TB prevalence. METHODS: National Family Health Survey-III data for four metropolitan cities namely, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai was used for this study. RESULTS: Prevalence of TB is significantly (P=0.001) higher in the slums than non-slums of Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata cities. As the living standard increases, TB prevalence decreases...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865234/rapid-detection-of-extensively-drug-resistant-xdr-tb-strains-from-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-cases-isolated-from-smear-negative-pulmonary-samples-in-an-intermediate-reference-laboratory-in-india
#15
Himanshu Vashistha, M Hanif, Sanjeev Saini, Ashwani Khanna, Srashty Sharma, Zeeshan Sidiq, Vasim Ahmed, Manoj Dubey, K K Chopra, Divya Shrivastava
BACKGROUND: Direct sputum smear microscopy is commonly used for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB). The objectives of the study were first, to determine the recovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in smear-negative sputum samples through liquid culture (using MGIT 960) and solid culture (using LJ slant) and second, to screen multidrug-resistant isolates through line probe assay and further third, to identify XDR isolates through MGIT second-line DST from these positive MDR cultures in Delhi region...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853040/an-epidemiological-profile-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-community-based-study-in-delhi
#16
B Sinha, R Singla, R Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Different definitions used for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) preclude getting reliable prevalence estimates. Study objective was to find the prevalence of COPD as per standard Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease definition, risk factors associated, and treatment seeking in adults >30 years. METHODOLOGY: Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Delhi, among 1200 adults, selected by systematic random sampling...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845481/unilateral-variation-in-extensor-digitorum-longus-muscle
#17
A Banerje, S Singh, K Raza, N Rani, S Kaler
During a routine dissection of an adult embalmed male cadaver for educational purpose in the department of anatomy at AIIMS, New Delhi, India, a rare unilateral variation of extensor digitorum longus (EDL) was found which is a muscle of anterior compartment of the leg. There was a split tendon of EDL muscle in the anterior compartment of left leg which became a common tendon in front of the ankle joint. This common tendon of EDL muscle again divided into four slips and were inserted in to the lateral four toes...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843844/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-tobacco-habit-role-of-parents-and-the-family
#18
Shridhar Dwivedi, Rambha Pathak, Rashmi Agarwalla, Wazid Ali
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco pandemic has become one of the greatest public health challenges of all time. The socio-environmental factors prevailing at home have been identified as one of the most important causes of adopting smoking and other types of smokeless tobacco. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to find out the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use in the patients registered in the clinic and to study the role of parental and family influence on tobacco use...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843752/thalassemia-major-how-do-we-improve-quality-of-life
#19
Nonita Dhirar, Jyoti Khandekar, Damodar Bachani, Deonath Mahto
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia Major is a preventable genetic disorder characterized by abnormal hemoglobin synthesis and lifelong blood transfusions. The children suffering from Thalassemia Major have poor quality of life. This study was conducted to assess the factors influencing quality of life of these children and how it can be improved. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in 2014 at Thalassemia Day Care Centre of a tertiary level children's hospital in Delhi, to assess quality of life of children suffering from Thalassemia Major...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834936/a-novel-strain-of-tomato-leaf-curl-new-delhi-virus-has-spread-to-the-mediterranean-basin
#20
Isabel M Fortes, Sonia Sánchez-Campos, Elvira Fiallo-Olivé, Juan A Díaz-Pendón, Jesús Navas-Castillo, Enrique Moriones
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) is a whitefly-transmitted bipartite begomovirus (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) that causes damage to multiple cultivated plant species mainly belonging to the Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae families. ToLCNDV was limited to Asian countries until 2012, when it was first reported in Spain, causing severe epidemics in cucurbit crops. Here, we show that a genetically-uniform ToLCNDV population is present in Spain, compatible with a recent introduction. Analyses of ToLCNDV isolates reported from other parts of the world indicated that this virus has a highly heterogeneous population genetically with no evident geographical, plant host or year-based phylogenetic groups observed...
November 10, 2016: Viruses
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