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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424950/estimated-work-ability-in-warm-outdoor-environments-depends-on-the-chosen-heat-stress-assessment-metric
#1
Peter Bröde, Dusan Fiala, Bruno Lemke, Tord Kjellstrom
With a view to occupational effects of climate change, we performed a simulation study on the influence of different heat stress assessment metrics on estimated workability (WA) of labour in warm outdoor environments. Whole-day shifts with varying workloads were simulated using as input meteorological records for the hottest month from four cities with prevailing hot (Dallas, New Delhi) or warm-humid conditions (Managua, Osaka), respectively. In addition, we considered the effects of adaptive strategies like shielding against solar radiation and different work-rest schedules assuming an acclimated person wearing light work clothes (0...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417918/high-prevalence-of-blandm-1-blavim-qace-and-qace%C3%AE-1-genes-and-their-association-with-decreased-susceptibility-to-antibiotics-and-common-hospital-biocides-in-clinical-isolates-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#2
Fatma Alzahraa M Gomaa, Zeinab H Helal, Mazhar I Khan
The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) clinical isolates to biocides. We also determined the prevalence and correlation of efflux pump genes, class 1 integron and MBL encoding genes. In addition, blaVIM, blaNDM-1, qacE and qacEΔ1 nucleotide sequence analysis was performed and compared to sequences retrieved from GenBank at the National Center for Biotechnology Information database. A. baumannii had a resistance rate to carbapenem of 71...
April 12, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417462/exploring-patient-satisfaction-levels-self-rated-oral-health-status-and-associated-variables-among-citizens-covered-for-dental-insurance-through-a-national-social-security-scheme-in-india
#3
Abhinav Singh, Bharathi M Purohit
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient satisfaction, self-rated oral health and associated factors, including periodontal status and dental caries, among patients covered for dental insurance through a National Social Security Scheme in New Delhi, India. METHOD: A total of 1,498 patients participated in the study. Satisfaction levels and self-rated oral-health scores were measured using a questionnaire comprising 12 closed-ended questions. Clinical data were collected using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
April 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417040/unusual-branching-pattern-of-the-lateral-cord-of-the-brachial-plexus-associated-with-neurovascular-compression-case-report
#4
Hitendra K Loh, Shikha Singh, Rajesh K Suri
The brachial plexus consists of a network of nerves that innervates the upper limbs and its musculature. We report a rare formation of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus observed during the dissection of a 47-year-old male cadaver at the Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, India, in 2016. The lateral cord was exceptionally long with twin lateral pectoral nerves and twin lateral roots of the median nerve. The proximal lateral root of the median nerve was thin in comparison to the medial root of the median nerve...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417038/anomalous-innervation-of-the-median-nerve-in-the-arm-in-the-absence-of-the-musculocutaneous-nerve
#5
Khursheed Raza, Seema Singh, Neerja Rani, Raghav Mishra, Kamakshi Mehta, Saroj Kaler
The brachial plexus innervates the upper extremities. While variations in the formation of the brachial plexus and its terminal branches are quite common, it is uncommon for the median nerve to innervate the muscles of the arm. During the dissection of an elderly male cadaver at the Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, in 2016, the coracobrachialis muscle was found to be supplied by a direct branch from the lateral root of the median nerve and the musculocutaneous nerve was absent...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416558/in-vitro-discordance-with-in-vivo-activity-humanized-exposures-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-aztreonam-and-tigecycline-alone-and-in-combination-against-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-a-murine-lung-infection-model
#6
M L Monogue, L M Abbo, R Rosa, J F Camargo, O Martinez, R A Bonomo, D P Nicolau
The management of infections with New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM) producing bacteria remains clinically challenging given the multi-drug resistant (MDR) phenotype associated with these bacteria. Despite resistance in vitro, ceftazidime-avibactam previously demonstrated in vivo activity against NDM+ Enterobacteriaceae. Herein, we observed in vitro synergy with ceftazidime-avibactam and aztreonam against a MDR K. pneumoniae harboring NDM. In vivo, humanized doses of ceftazidime-avibactam monotherapy resulted in > 2 log10CFU bacterial reduction, therefore, no in vivo synergy was observed...
April 17, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411147/20-year-trend-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-urban-and-rural-national-capital-region-of-delhi-india
#7
Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Ambuj Roy, Pradeep A Praveen, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ruby Gupta, Ritvik Amarchand, Dimple Kondal, Kalpana Singh, Meenakshi Sharma, Deepak Kumar Shukla, Nikhil Tandon, Kolli Srinath Reddy, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the Government of India have set targets to reduce burden of noncommunicable diseases. Information on population level trend of risk factors would provide insights regarding the possibility of achieving them. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the population trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors in the National Capital Region of Delhi over 2 decades. METHODS: Two representative cross-sectional surveys were conducted among men and women ages 35 to 64 years, residing in the urban and rural areas (survey 1 [1991 to 1994] and survey 2 [2010 to 2012]) using similar methodology...
April 11, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404468/assessing-the-impact-of-a-program-for-late-surgical-intervention-in-early-blind-children
#8
A Kalia, T Gandhi, G Chatterjee, P Swami, H Dhillon, S Bi, N Chauhan, S D Gupta, P Sharma, S Sood, S Ganesh, U Mathur, P Sinha
OBJECTIVE: Many blind children in the developing world are unable to obtain timely treatment due to lack of financial and medical resources. Can public health programs that identify and treat such children several years after the onset of blindness enhance their quality of life? The notion that visual development is subject to an early 'critical period' argues against this possibility. However, there are inadequate empirical data from humans on this issue. To address this need, we examined the quality of life of children living in India and who were treated for early-onset blindness (before one year of age), due to cataracts or corneal opacities...
February 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400686/convergence-of-minds-for-better-patient-outcome-in-intensive-care-unit-infections
#9
Chand Wattal, Yash Javeri, Neeraj Goel, Debashish Dhar, Sonal Saxena, Sarman Singh, Jaswinder Kaur Oberoi, B K Rao, Purva Mathur, Vikas Manchanda, Vivek Nangia, Arti Kapil, Ashok Rattan, Supradip Ghosh, Omender Singh, Vinod Singh, Iqbal Kaur, Sanghamitra Datta, Sharmila Sen Gupta
BACKGROUND: There is emergence of resistance to the last-line antibiotics such as carbapenems in Intensive Care Units (ICUs), leaving little effective therapeutic options. Since there are no more newer antibiotics in the armamentarium in the near future, it has become imperative that we harness the interdisciplinary knowledge for the best clinical outcome of the patient. AIMS: The aim of the conference was to utilize the synergies between the clinical microbiologists and critical care specialists for better patient care and clinical outcome...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391472/molecular-characterization-vector-identification-and-sources-of-phytoplasmas-associated-with-brinjal-little-leaf-disease-in-india
#10
Manish Kumar, Madhupriya, Govind Pratap Rao
Brinjal little leaf (BLL) is a widespread disease of phytoplasma etiology in India that induces severe economic losses. Surveys were conducted in eight brinjal-growing states of India during July 2014 to September 2015 and eighteen BLL samples showing little leaf, phyllody and witches' broom symptoms were collected for phytoplasma identification. Presence of phytoplasmas was confirmed in all the eighteen BLL samples using polymerase chain reaction with phytoplasma-specific primer pairs (P1/P6, R16F2n/R16R2)...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390023/seasonal-variability-in-size-segregated-airborne-bacterial-particles-and-their-characterization-at-different-source-sites
#11
Smita Agarwal
Size-segregated aerosol samplings were carried out near the potential sources of airborne biological particles i.e. at a landfill site, an agricultural field and a road side restaurant-cluster site in winter, spring and summer seasons during 2013-2015 in New Delhi. The culturable airborne bacterial (CAB) concentrations showed significant seasonal variation from higher to moderate in spring and winter seasons and lowest during summer. Highest CAB concentrations were observed at the Okhla landfill site followed by restaurant-cluster area and agriculture site...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386246/virulence-and-genomic-feature-of-a-virulent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-sequence-type-14-strain-of-serotype-k2-harboring-blandm-5-in-china
#12
Yan-Fang Mei, Pan-Pan Liu, La-Gen Wan, Yang Liu, Lian-Hui Wang, Dan-Dan Wei, Qiong Deng, Xian-Wei Cao
The objective of this study was to reveal the molecular mechanism involved in carbapenem resistance and virulence of a K2 Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolate 24835. The virulence of the strain was determined by in vitro and in vivo methods. The de novo whole-genome sequencing technology and molecular biology methods were used to analyze the genomic features associated with the carbapenem resistance and virulence of K. pneumoniae 24835. Strain 24835 was highly resistant to carbapenems and belonged to ST14, exhibited hypermucoviscous and unique K2-aerobactin-kfu-rmpA positive phenotype...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384860/fungal-opportunistic-pneumonias-in-hiv-aids-patients-an-indian-tertiary-care-experience
#13
Ravinder Kaur, Bhanu Mehra, Megh Singh Dhakad, Ritu Goyal, Preena Bhalla, Richa Dewan
INTRODUCTION: Opportunistic pneumonias are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) reactive patients. Despite the significant role that fungi play in causation of this opportunistic mycoses, very few Indian studies have attempted to investigate the burden and aetiological spectrum of HIV/AIDS-associated fungal pneumonias. AIM: To document the prevalence of fungal aetiology in HIV/AIDS-related opportunistic pneumonias in an Indian setting; and to elucidate the various fungal opportunists responsible for the same...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384847/variation-in-the-branching-pattern-of-third-part-of-axillary-artery-a-case-report
#14
Aritra Banerjee, Chiman Kumari, Saroj Kaler Jhajhria
Anatomical variation of the branching pattern of axillary artery is very common. The knowledge of this variation is often useful during different surgical and interventional procedures. Variations include typically of Lateral Thoracic Artery (LTA) and Posterior Circumflex Humeral Artery (PCHA). The present case has been reported to document the variation of LTA and PCHA. The axilla of a 65-year-old embalmed female cadaver was routinely dissected for educational purpose in the Department of Anatomy, AIIMS, New Delhi, India...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384845/biometrics-of-pyramidalis-muscle-and-its-clinical-importance
#15
Sushant Swaroop Das, Sandeep Saluja, Neelam Vasudeva
INTRODUCTION: Pyramidalis is classified as a vestigial muscle which is frequently present. It is muscle of the anterior abdominal wall. It is thought to tense the linea alba. It has been used as a surgical landmark, source of muscle stem cells and in various surgical procedures. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the morphometry and morphology of pyramidalis muscle in an adult Indian population and its correlation with the clinical significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cadaveric study on 25 formalin fixed cadavers (males-17, females-8) was conducted in context with prevalence, morphology and morphometry of pyramidalis muscle...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372759/on-road-emissions-of-co-co2-and-nox-from-four-wheeler-and-emission-estimates-for-delhi
#16
Jaiprakash, Gazala Habib, Anil Kumar, Akash Sharma, Minza Haider
This study presents the emission factor of gaseous pollutants (CO, CO2, and NOX) from on-road tailpipe measurement of 14 passenger cars of different types of fuel and vintage. The trolley equipped with stainless steel duct, vane probe velocity meter, flue gas analyzer, Nondispersive infra red (NDIR) CO2 analyzer, temperature, and relative humidity (RH) sensors was connected to the vehicle using a towing system. Lower CO and higher NOX emissions were observed from new diesel cars (post 2010) compared to old cars (post 2005), which implied that new technological advancement in diesel fueled passenger cars to reduce CO emission is a successful venture, however, the use of turbo charger in diesel cars to achieve high temperature combustion might have resulted in increased NOX emissions...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369817/giant-leiomyoma-with-extensive-myxoid-degeneration-in-mayer-rokitansky-k%C3%A3-ster-hauser-syndrome
#17
Richa Sharma, Kiran Guleria, Amita Suneja, Sruthi Bhaskaran, Nadeem Tanveer
Fibroids and fibroid degeneration are common among women with a normal uterus. However, the present report describes a rare case of fibroids arising from a rudimentary horn and degenerations in a patient with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. The patient provided consent for publication. A woman with MRKH syndrome aged 45 years presented at the gynecology outpatient department at University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India, with complaints of an abdominopelvic mass and pain for the previous 2 years...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367875/laboratory-and-molecular-characterization-of-dengue-virus-during-the-2014-outbreak-in-guangfo-region-southern-china
#18
Zhao-Fan Luo, Bo Hu, Feng-Yi Zhang, Xiang-Hua Lin, Xiao-Ying Xie, Kun-Yi Pan, Hong-Yu Li, Rui-Wen Ren, Wen-Zhong Zhao
Non-specific symptoms and low viremia levels make early diagnosis of dengue virus (DENV) infection challenging. This study aimed to 1) identify laboratory markers which can predict a positive laboratory diagnosis, and 2) perform a molecular characterization of DENV from the 2014 Guangdong epidemic. This retrospective study enrolled 1044 patients from the Guangdong epidemic who had clinically suspected dengue. Viral RNA was detected by real-time RT-PCR and viral-specific NS1 antigen was detected using ELISA...
March 28, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361828/knowledge-attitude-practice-on-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-providers
#19
P Cheena Chawla, Anil Chawla, Seema Chaudhary
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is a major health problem and a leading cause of death among women in India. Of all the associated risk factors, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections being the principal aetiologic agent, two HPV vaccines are in use for the control of cervical cancer. The present study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on HPV vaccination among the healthcare providers in India. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 590 healthcare professionals from 232 hospitals and 80 PHCs of nine districts of Delhi-NCR (National Capital Region)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360485/methodological-issues-in-article-titled-prevalence-and-correlates-of-nicotine-dependence-among-construction-site-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-delhi
#20
M D Bashar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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