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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104504/diversity-of-new-delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase-producing-bacteria-in-china
#1
Xiaofeng Hu, Xuebing Xu, Xu Wang, Wencheng Xue, Haijian Zhou, Ling Zhang, Qiuxia Ma, Rongtao Zhao, Guozheng Li, Peng Li, Chuanfu Zhang, Yun Shi, Jian Wang, Leili Jia, Rongzhang Hao, Ligui Wang, Dayang Zou, Xuelin Liu, Shaofu Qiu, Hongbin Song, Yansong Sun
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence and dissemination of diverse NDM-producing bacteria in China was investigated. METHODS: We collected 1,162 isolates from 8 cities during December 2013∼May 2015 in China. The NDM-positive strains as well as the NDM genotypes in these sample were detected via Vitek 2 compact system (bioMérieux, France), 16S rRNA gene sequencing, PCR and an S1- pulsed-field gel electrophoresis assay and Southern blot hybridization. The horizontal-transfer capability of the blaNDM gene was assessed by filter mating by using a standard E...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099705/prevalence-of-induced-abortions-and-contraceptive-use-among-married-women-in-an-urban-slum-of-delhi-india
#2
Meenakshi Bhilwar, Panna Lal, Nandini Sharma, Preena Bhalla, Ashok Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To document abortion practices and contraceptive use among women of reproductive age in an urban slum of Delhi. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional study conducted in an urban resettlement colony in the North East District of Delhi between November 2010 and December 2011. Systematic random sampling was used to enroll 200 married women aged 15-49 years from each of the four blocks of the colony. Participants were interviewed and data were entered into a pretested semi-structured questionnaire...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#3
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087620/e152a-substitution-drastically-affects-ndm-5-activity
#4
Gaurav Kumar, Bagre Issa, Debasish Kar, Sarmistha Biswal, Anindya S Ghosh
New Delhi Metallo beta-lactamase (NDM) is of significant public health concern due to its enormous potential to hydrolyse all major beta-lactams including carbapenems. Amino acid substitutions outside the active site reportedly affect NDM beta-lactamase activities. Here, the effect of amino acid substitutions in the possible omega-like loop region of NDM-5 has been elucidated. Overall, three substitution mutations near active site of NDM-5 were done, namely, E152A, S191A, and D223A and subsequently, the change in antimicrobial resistance was monitored upon expressing each mutant in a suitable host...
January 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087584/emergence-of-klebsiella-variicola-positive-for-ndm-9-a-variant-of-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-in-an-urban-river-in-south-korea
#5
Doris Y W Di, Jeonghwan Jang, Tatsuya Unno, Hor-Gil Hur
OBJECTIVES: To examine the presence of pathogenic bacteria carrying New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase in the environment and to characterize the genome structures of these strains. METHODS: Phenotypic screening of antimicrobial susceptibility and WGS were conducted on three Klebsiella variicola strains possessing NDM-9 isolated from an urban river. RESULTS: Three carbapenem-resistant K. variicola isolated from Gwangju tributary were found to possess blaNDM-9 genes...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081065/notes-from-the-field-pan-resistant-new-delhi-metallo-beta-lactamase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-washoe-county-nevada-2016
#6
Lei Chen, Randall Todd, Julia Kiehlbauch, Maroya Walters, Alexander Kallen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066115/comparison-of-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-doctors-nurses-and-pharmacists-regarding-the-use-of-expired-and-disposal-of-unused-medicines-in-delhi
#7
Kriti Bhayana, Harmeet Singh Rehan, Tarun Arora
OBJECTIVES: The use of out-of-date medicines and improper disposal of pharmaceutical products harm consumers and environment. To limit pharmaceutical load on the environment, it is important that healthcare professionals (HCPs) are aware of and have good practices toward their disposal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pretested instructor administered questionnaire containing 21 questions was used to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of 300 HCPs toward use and disposal of unwanted/expired medicines...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063711/fine-particulates-over-south-asia-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pm2-5-source-apportionment-through-receptor-model
#8
Nandita Singh, Vishnu Murari, Manish Kumar, S C Barman, Tirthankar Banerjee
Fine particulates (PM2.5) constitute dominant proportion of airborne particulates and have been often associated with human health disorders, changes in regional climate, hydrological cycle and more recently to food security. Intrinsic properties of particulates are direct function of sources. This initiates the necessity of conducting a comprehensive review on PM2.5 sources over South Asia which in turn may be valuable to develop strategies for emission control. Particulate source apportionment (SA) through receptor models is one of the existing tool to quantify contribution of particulate sources...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063259/validity-and-reliability-of-insomnia-severity-index-and-its-correlation-with-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-in-poor-sleepers-among-indian-university-students
#9
Zubia Veqar, Mohammed Ejaz Hussain
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia severity index (ISI) is a widely used scale in various demographic groups but its psychometric properties have not been established in a sample of Indian subjects. This study was conducted as a preliminary study to extend and confirm the applicability of ISI to an Indian population of university students and to establish its correlation with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted among the student population of Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India, with due approval by the institutional ethical committee...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062480/mean-dietary-salt-intake-in-urban-and-rural-areas-in-india-a-population-survey-of-1395-persons
#10
Claire Johnson, Sailesh Mohan, Kris Rogers, Roopa Shivashankar, Sudhir Raj Thout, Priti Gupta, Feng J He, Graham A MacGregor, Jacqui Webster, Anand Krishnan, Pallab K Maulik, K Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: The scientific evidence base in support of population-wide salt reduction is strong, but current high-quality data about salt intake levels in India are mostly absent. This project sought to estimate daily salt consumption levels in selected communities of Delhi and Haryana in north India and Andhra Pradesh in south India. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 24-hour urine samples were collected using an age- and sex-stratified sampling strategy in rural, urban, and slum areas...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059434/assessment-of-abuse-liability-of-tramadol-among-experienced-drug-users-double-blind-crossover-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Mrinmay Das, Raka Jain, Anju Dhawan, Amandeep Kaur
BACKGROUND: Tramadol is a widely used opioid analgesic. Different preclinical, clinical, and postmarketing surveillance studies show conflicting results regarding abuse potential of this drug. METHODS: A randomized double-blind complete crossover study was conducted at National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Total subjects were 10, comprising total 120 observations (each subject assessed at baseline, 5, 45, and 240 minutes)...
November 2016: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057194/budget-impact-of-polio-immunization-strategy-for-india-introduction-of-one-dose-of-inactivated-poliomyelitis-vaccine-and-reductions-in-supplemental-polio-immunization
#12
M M Khan, S Sharma, B Tripathi, F P Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a budget impact analysis (BIA) of introducing the immunization recommendations of India Expert Advisory Group (IEAG) for the years 2015-2017. The recommendations include introduction of one inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) dose in the regular child immunization programme along with reductions in oral polio vaccine (OPV) doses in supplemental programmes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a national level analysis of budget impact of new polio immunization recommendations...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056908/an-evaluation-of-outdoor-school-environments-to-promote-physical-activity-in-delhi-india
#13
Samiksha Tarun, Monika Arora, Tina Rawal, Sara E Benjamin Neelon
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in children is an important public health goal in India. Schools may be a target for physical activity promotion, but little is known about outdoor school environments. The purpose of this study was to describe characteristics of the surrounding outdoor school environments that may promote children's physical activity in Delhi, India. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, we conducted a structured observation of outdoor school environments in a random sample of 16 private schools in Delhi, India using the Sport, Physical activity and Eating behavior: Environmental Determinants in Young people (SPEEDY) audit tool...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051354/effect-of-almond-supplementation-on-glycemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-indians-in-north-india-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-24-week-study
#14
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) statistics have reached menacing proportions in India. Appropriate dietary intervention, as part of healthy lifestyle, is imperative to curb further spread of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This pre-post intervention study was conducted in New Delhi, India, to investigate the effects of daily consumption of almonds for 24 weeks in T2D subjects, specifically on measures of glycemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the 24-week intervention period was preceded by a control diet and exercise run-in period of 3 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050997/mortality-among-homeless-women-who-remain-unclaimed-after-death-an-insight
#15
Aayushi Garg, Chittaranjan Behera, Saurav Chopra, D N Bhardwaj
BACKGROUND: Some homeless people remain unclaimed after death. Although women constitute a minor proportion among the homeless, they represent a more vulnerable section. We reviewed the major autopsy characteristics and causes of death among women whose bodies remained unclaimed after death. METHODS: We analysed the autopsy records and inquest papers of unclaimed bodies of women for the period 2006-12 at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050995/anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-an-intervention-of-diet-editing-and-counselling
#16
Andezhath K Susheela, Rashmi Gupta, Nisith K Mondal
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in children. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty adolescent girls, 10-17 years of age, from a government senior secondary girls school in East Delhi, participated in the programme...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050462/to-study-the-correlation-of-thompson-scoring-in-predicting-early-neonatal-outcome-in-post-asphyxiated-term-neonates
#17
Dalip Kumar Bhagwani, Manisha Sharma, Stanzin Dolker, Sharada Kothapalli
INTRODUCTION: Throughout the world each year, an estimated 23% of the 4 million neonatal deaths and 8% of all deaths in <5 years of age are associated with signs of asphyxia at birth. AIM: To study the role of cord arterial blood gas analysis at birth and serial Thompson score in predicting the early neonatal outcome in post asphyxiated term neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Department of Paediatrics, in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi from May 2014 to February...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050421/the-effect-of-folic-acid-supplementation-on-hyperhomocysteinemia-and-pulmonary-function-parameters-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-pilot-study
#18
Naushad Ahmad Khan, Harish Saini, Govind Mawari, Suman Kumar, Harmanjit Singh Hira, Mradul Kumar Daga
INTRODUCTION: Preliminary studies have established the elevated plasma total Homocysteine (tHcy) levels as a risk factor for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). However, studies describing plasma tHcy levels and their relationship to folic acid supplementation and Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV1) status in COPD patients are still lacking. AIM: We investigated the role of hyperhomocysteinemia in COPD and then prospectively examined the relationship between plasma tHcy concentration and effect of folic acid supplementation on FEV1 status in COPD patients...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050406/a-study-of-workplace-violence-experienced-by-doctors-and-associated-risk-factors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-south-delhi-india
#19
Mukesh Kumar, Madhur Verma, Timiresh Das, Geeta Pardeshi, Jugal Kishore, Arun Padmanandan
INTRODUCTION: The increasing incidences of violence against doctors in their workplaces are an important reason for stress among these healthcare workers. Many incidences of workplace violence against doctors have been reported in the past and are also being continuously reported from different parts of the country as well as the world. AIM: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence among doctors and to study the associated risk factors in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050376/a-retrospective-analysis-of-apheresis-donor-deferral-and-adverse-reactions-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#20
Disha Arora, Ketan Garg, Ankit Kaushik, Richa Sharma, D S Rawat, A K Mandal
INTRODUCTION: With increasing demand of platelet component each day, blood bank plays a pivotal role in ensuring supply of safe blood as and when required. Plateletpheresis procedure is a relatively simple, safe and important adjunct to blood bank inventory. However, recruitment of healthy blood donors is a challenge that the health industry is facing today. AIM: To determine the reasons and rates of apheresis donor deferral along with investigation of adverse reactions encountered during the procedure...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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