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Sureswar Mohanty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neurology India
Ruchi Singh, Jagdish C Suri, Renuka Sharma, Tejas Suri, Tulsi Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: To examine the sleep pattern and observe differences in sleep routines, phase preferences, mood, attendance, and academic performance among different adolescent age students. Secondly, to observe the age at which sleep phase transition and changes in sleep requirement become evident. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 501 students (aged 11-15 y) of a school in Delhi, India. Students were evaluated for their sleep patterns, sleep duration, habits of napping, quality of sleep, sleepiness, depression, phase preferences by self-reported school sleep habits survey questionnaire along with school performance and attendance...
March 16, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Rohit Srivastava, Sherin Hassan Bran
Aerosol concentrations and their properties strongly depend on dynamics of atmosphere. Effects of physical and dynamical parameterizations on meteorology and black carbon (BC) mass in Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled with Chemistry (WRF-CHEM) are investigated over India. Simulations are performed in ten experiments considering two boundary layer, three cumulus parameterization, and five microphysics schemes during winter and monsoon of 2008. Morrison double-moment physical parameterization, Yonsei University boundary layer parameterization with Kain-Fritsch and Grell-Freitas cumulus parameterization schemes are found suitable to simulate meteorology and BC mass over India...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rashmi Agarwalla, Rambha Pathak, Mitasha Singh, Farzana Islam, Mamta Parashar
Background: Ragpickers are informal workers who collect recyclable materials to earn a small wage on daily basis. They work in vulnerable conditions and awareness regarding occupational and environmental hazard is essential for them. Objective: To study the effectiveness of awareness program on various occupational health hazards among the ragpickers. Materials and Methods: This interventional study was conducted from May through October 2016 among the ragpickers living near field practice area of Department of Community Medicine and those living in slum areas around HAHC Hospital, New Delhi, India...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Rajesh Kumari, Venus Dalal, Garima Kachhawa, Ipshita Sahoo, Rajesh Khadgawat, Reeta Mahey, Vidushi Kulshrestha, Perumal Vanamail, J B Sharma, Neerja Bhatla, Alka Kriplani
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a carbohydrate intolerance first diagnosed in pregnancy and may be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcome. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the maternal and perinatal outcome in GDM during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective analysis of women diagnosed with GDM who got antenatal care and delivered in our hospital in previous 5 years...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Shui Liu, Yonglin Zhou, Xiaodi Niu, Tingting Wang, Jiyun Li, Zhongjie Liu, Jianfeng Wang, Shusheng Tang, Yang Wang, Xuming Deng
The emergence of plasmid-mediated New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative pathogens is an increasing clinical threat. Here we report the discovery of an NDM-1 inhibitor, magnolol, through enzyme inhibition screening. We showed that magnolol significantly inhibited NDM enzyme activity (IC50  = 6.47 µg/mL), and it restored the activity of meropenem against Escherichia coli ZC-YN3, an NDM-1-producing E. coli isolate, in in vitro antibacterial activity assays. Magnolol lacked direct antibacterial activity, but compared with meropenem alone, it reduced the MICs of meropenem against E...
December 2018: Cell Death Discovery
Mohd Rizwan, Mohd Akhtar, Abul Kalam Najmi, Kuldeep Singh
AIM: This study was carried out to record the sensitivity/resistance pattern of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae towards antimicrobial drugs prescribed to urinary tract infection (UTI) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 68 bacteriologically proven simple UTI patients were included in the study, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects demographics, antibiotics prescribed, sensitivity pattern of antibiotics towards the urinary pathogens were recorded in drug utilization and documentation form...
March 12, 2018: Drug Research
Charu C Garg, Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Medha Shekhar, Sanjana Brahmawar Mohan, Anuradha Bose, Sharad D Iyengar, Rajiv Bahl, Jose Martines, Nita Bhandari
Trial design: Three feeding regimens-centrally produced ready-to-use therapeutic food, locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic food, and augmented, energy-dense, home-prepared food-were provided in a community setting for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the age group of 6-59 months in an individually randomised multicentre trial that enrolled 906 children. Foods, counselling, feeding support and treatment for mild illnesses were provided until recovery or 16 weeks. Methods: Costs were estimated for 371 children enrolled in Delhi in a semiurban location after active survey and identification, enrolment, diagnosis and treatment for mild illnesses, and finally treatment with one of the three regimens, both under the research and government setting...
2018: BMJ Global Health
R C Jiloha, Prerna Kukreti
Delhi hasn't always enjoyed the status of the India's capital, but it has always played a pivotal role in the history of India as a gateway city. The same way, it received mental health services much later than the rest part of country, but it has witnessed an evolution from colonial era to the birth of state of art modern psychiatry services. Journey started with the landmark inaugural meeting in Delhi University of few visionaries paving the birth of Indian psychiatry society. Subsequently, it witnessed emergence of general hospital psychiatry units & saw their transformation to apex institutes of teaching and research like AIIMS and others...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Sanjeev Jain, Alok Sarin
The history of the mental hospital in Delhi is a fascinating story. Set up in colonial times, the asylum in Delhi seems to reflect the tumultuous and chaotic history of the city itself. It was perhaps established in the early 19th century, and functions till 1857, when it is ransacked in the Mutiny. It is subsequently merged with the asylum at Lahore in 1861, set up again, and incredibly, closed again at the turn of the century. Subject to the whims of administrators and policy makers, the asylum then ceases to exist till the 1960s when a new avatar appears...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Shubha Singhal, Vandana Roy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice of Ayurveda, yoga, Unani, Siddha, homeopathy and naturopathy (AYUSH) among allopathic doctors and interns and determine their opinion regarding integration of AYUSH education within the allopathic curriculum. METHODS: This prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching Hospital, New Delhi, India, from March 2016 to March 2017. A survey of 500 allopathic doctors and 150 interns was performed using a structured questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Sandeep Singh, Balram Bhargava, Padma Vasantha, Rohit Bhatia, Hanish Sharma, Sujoy Pal, Peush Sahni, Govind K Makharia
PURPOSE: The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a stool management kit (SMK) for containment of fecal incontinence in hospitalized bedridden patients. DESIGN: A single-group quasi-experimental study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Twenty bedridden adults who had at least 1 episode of fecal incontinence in the prior 24 hours participated in the study. The study setting was the neurological unit of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi, India...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Hepatology International
S K Sharma, T K Mandal, A Sharma, Srishti Jain, Saraswati
Organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) in PM2.5 were estimated to study the seasonal and inter-annual variability of atmospheric total carbonaceous aerosols (TCA) at an urban site of megacity Delhi, India for 5 years from January, 2012 to December, 2016. The annual average (± standard deviation) concentrations of PM2.5 , OC, EC and TCA were 128 ± 81, 16.6 ± 12.2, 8.4 ± 5.8 and 34.5 ± 25.2 µg m-3 , respectively. During the study, significant seasonal variations in mass concentrations of PM2...
March 7, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Zhihai Liu, Jiyun Li, Xiaoming Wang, Dejun Liu, Yuebin Ke, Yang Wang, Jianzhong Shen
The spread of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) mediated by New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) poses a serious challenge to clinicians and has become a major public health concern. NDM has been evolving into variants that possess different hydrolysis activity toward antibiotics, so as to affect treatment strategy. In addition, very few studies on NDM variants have focused on animal-derived bacterial isolates. Our study reports a novel NDM variant, NDM-20, in an isolate of Escherichia coli CCD1 recovered from the food animal swine in China...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Gopala, Ekta Khasa, Ashutosh Rao, Madhupriya, G P Rao
Nine vegetable plants species exhibiting phytoplasma suspected symptoms of white/purple leaf, little leaf, flat stem, witches' broom, phyllody and leaf yellowing were observed in experimental fields at Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi from December 2015 to July 2016. Total DNA extracted from the three healthy and three symptomatic leaves of all the nine vegetables were subjected to PCR assays using phytoplasma specific primers P1/P7 followed by R16F2n/R16R2 and 3Far/3Rev to amplify the 16S rDNA fragments...
March 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Akanksha Rawat, Preeti Diwaker, Priyanka Gogoi, Bharat Singh
Background & objectives: Transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) are the major problem associated with blood transfusion. Accurate estimates of risk of TTIs are essential for monitoring the safety of blood supply. The present study was undertaken to determine the percentage of voluntary donors (VDs) and replacement donors (RDs) and also, to estimate and compare the seroprevalence and changing trends of TTIs amongst VDs and RDs in a regional blood transfusion centre in north India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Khushbu Jain, Schweta Sharma, Samani Chaitanya Prajna, Viney Jain
Background: Increasing antisocial and violent behaviors in adolescents and young adults present serious challenges for public health. Children with persistent high levels of aggressiveness are often associated with developing conduct disorders later in life. Early detection of highly aggressive children and sociodemographic risk-modifying factors are important for developing effective preventive strategies. Objectives: The present study was undertaken to assess levels of aggressiveness for detecting highly aggressive children in sample populations of primary school children in an urban setting and determine significant biosociocultural risk-modifying factors in this scenario...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
N Bhuvaneswari, J G Prasuna, M K Goel, S K Rasania
Background: Injuries are an important public health problem worldwide, accounting for 5 million deaths, of which unintentional injuries account for 0.8 million deaths in children. Though there are many factors responsible for injury in the home, the environment plays an important role. Objectives: The objectives were to study the magnitude and pattern of home injuries in children aged 0-14 years and to assess the environmental risk associated with home injuries...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Gita Satpathy, Himansu S Behera, Anjana Sharma, Abhisek K Mishra, Deepanshi Mishra, Namrata Sharma, Radhika Tandon, Tushar Agarwal, Jeewan S Titiyal
BACKGROUND: To detect the presence of herpes virus in corneal scrapings/corneal grafts of suspected herpetic keratitis patients attending the outpatient department/casualty of the Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi for the past 20 years with immunofluorescence assay and to analyse the efficacy of polymerase chain reaction over immunofluorescence for routine laboratory diagnosis in some of the specimens. METHODS: Corneal scrapings and corneal grafts were collected by the ophthalmologists from 1,926 suspected herpetic keratitis patients between 1996 and 2015, among whom 1,863 patients were processed with immunofluorescence assay and 302 patients were processed with polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of herpes virus...
March 6, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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