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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931047/effect-of-population-breast-screening-on-breast-cancer-mortality-up-to-2005-in-england-and-wales-an-individual-level-cohort-study
#1
Louise E Johns, Derek A Coleman, Anthony J Swerdlow, Susan M Moss
BACKGROUND: Population breast screening has been implemented in the UK for over 25 years, but the size of benefit attributable to such programmes remains controversial. We have conducted the first individual-based cohort evaluation of population breast screening in the UK, to estimate the impact of the NHS breast screening programme (NHSBSP) on breast cancer mortality. METHODS: We followed 988 090 women aged 49-64 years in 1991 resident in England and Wales, who because of the staggered implementation of the NHSBSP, included both invited subjects and an uninvited control group...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880748/cdc-grand-rounds-family-history-and-genomics-as-tools-for-cancer-prevention-and-control
#2
Juan L Rodriguez, Cheryll C Thomas, Greta M Massetti, Debra Duquette, Lindsay Avner, John Iskander, Muin J Khoury, Lisa C Richardson
Although many efforts in cancer prevention and control have routinely focused on behavioral risk factors, such as tobacco use, or on the early detection of cancer, such as colorectal cancer screening, advances in genetic testing have created new opportunities for cancer prevention through evaluation of family history and identification of cancer-causing inherited mutations. Through the collection and evaluation of a family cancer history by a trained health care provider, patients and families at increased risk for a hereditary cancer syndrome can be identified, referred for genetic counseling and testing, and make informed decisions about options for cancer risk reduction (1)...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843158/public-health-round-up
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821879/public-health-round-up
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756389/contemporary-epidemiological-overview-of-malaria-in-madagascar-operational-utility-of-reported-routine-case-data-for-malaria-control-planning
#5
Rosalind E Howes, Sedera Aurélien Mioramalala, Brune Ramiranirina, Thierry Franchard, Andry Joeliarijaona Rakotorahalahy, Donal Bisanzio, Peter W Gething, Peter A Zimmerman, Arsène Ratsimbasoa
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major public health problem in Madagascar. Widespread scale-up of intervention coverage has led to substantial reductions in case numbers since 2000. However, political instability since 2009 has disrupted these efforts, and a resurgence of malaria has since followed. This paper re-visits the sub-national stratification of malaria transmission across Madagascar to propose a contemporary update, and evaluates the reported routine case data reported at this sub-national scale...
October 18, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708466/public-health-round-up
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601503/total-ankle-replacement-versus-arthrodesis-tarva-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Andrew J Goldberg, Razi Zaidi, Claire Thomson, Caroline J Doré, Simon S Skene, Suzie Cro, Jeff Round, Andrew Molloy, Mark Davies, Michael Karski, Louise Kim, Paul Cooke
INTRODUCTION: Total ankle replacement (TAR) or ankle arthrodesis (fusion) is the main surgical treatments for end-stage ankle osteoarthritis (OA). The popularity of ankle replacement is increasing while ankle fusion rates remain static. Both treatments have efficacy but to date all studies comparing the 2 have been observational without randomisation, and there are no published guidelines as to the most appropriate management. The TAR versus arthrodesis (TARVA) trial aims to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of TAR against ankle arthrodesis in the treatment of end-stage ankle OA in patients aged 50-85 years...
September 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553402/zika-virus-no-cases-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-but-concerns-remain
#8
N N Tran Minh, Q Huda, H Asghar, D Samhouri, A Abubakar, C Barwa, I Shaikh, E Buliva, P Mala, M Malik
Following the WHO declaration on 1 February 2016 of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) with regard to clusters of microcephaly and neurological disorders potentially associated with Zika virus, the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean conducted three rounds of emergency meetings to address enhancing preparedness actions in the Region. The meetings provided up-to-date information on the current situation and agreed on a set of actions for the countries to undertake to enhance their preparedness and response capacities to Zika virus infection and its complications...
May 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551787/prevalence-of-active-and-latent-yaws-in-the-solomon-islands-18-months-after-azithromycin-mass-drug-administration-for-trachoma
#9
Michael Marks, Oliver Sokana, Eli Nachamkin, Elliot Puiahi, Georgina Kilua, Allan Pillay, Christian Bottomley, Anthony W Solomon, David C Mabey
INTRODUCTION: Both yaws and trachoma are endemic in the Pacific. Mass treatment with azithromycin is the mainstay of the WHO strategy for both the eradication of yaws and the elimination of trachoma as a public health problem, but the dose recommended for trachoma is lower than that for yaws. In countries where both diseases are endemic, there is a potential for synergy between yaws and trachoma control programs if mass treatment with the lower dose of azithromycin was shown to be effective for the treatment of yaws...
August 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516631/public-health-round-up
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508341/the-pitt-innovation-challenge-pinch-driving-innovation-in-translational-research-through-an-incentive-based-problem-focused-competition
#11
Nicole Edgar Fitzpatrick, John Maier, Laurel Yasko, David Mathias, Kacy Qua, Erika Wagner, Elizabeth Miller, Steven E Reis
PROBLEM: Translational research aims to move scientific discoveries across the biomedical spectrum from the laboratory to humans, and to ultimately transform clinical practice and public health policies. Despite efforts to accelerate translational research through national initiatives, several major hurdles remain. APPROACH: The authors created the Pitt Innovation Challenge (PInCh) as an incentive-based, problem-focused approach to solving identified clinical or public health problems at the University of Pittsburgh Clinical and Translational Science Institute in spring 2014...
August 9, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429485/public-health-round-up
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274590/public-health-round-up
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193780/piloting-a-commercial-model-for-fortified-rice-lessons-learned-from-brazil
#14
Peiman Milani, Rebecca Spohrer, Greg Garrett, Katharine Kreis
BACKGROUND: Two billion people worldwide have micronutrient deficiencies. Food fortification is a proven intervention to increase essential micronutrient availability in diets without requiring consumer behavioral change. Fortification of rice has high potential reach; however, cost, technology, market, and cultural constraints have prevented its wider adoption. OBJECTIVE: From 2010 to 2014, PATH and Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition implemented a pilot project in Brazil testing a model to scale up rice fortification through commercial channels...
May 18, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147758/public-health-round-up
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090081/accessing-and-engaging-women-from-socio-economically-disadvantaged-areas-a-participatory-approach-to-the-design-of-a-public-health-intervention-for-delivery-in-a-bingo-club
#16
Josie M M Evans, Gemma Ryde, Ruth Jepson, Cindy Gray, Ashley Shepherd, Dionne Mackison, Aileen V Ireland, Marion E T McMurdo, Brian Williams
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to use participatory methods to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of using Bingo clubs for the design and delivery of an evidence-based physical activity and/or healthy eating intervention to socio-economically disadvantaged women. This paper describes the participatory process that has resulted in a physical activity intervention for women aged >55 years, ready for pilot-testing in a Bingo club setting. METHODS: Studies using different quantitative and qualitative approaches were conducted among customers and staff of a Bingo club in a city of 85,000 inhabitants in central Scotland...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034514/public-health-round-up
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015047/maintenance-of-clinical-endpoints-after-discharge-from-a-pharmacist-managed-risk-reduction-clinic-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#18
Christina H Sherrill, Angela Pentecost, Emily E Wood
BACKGROUND: Diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are complex chronic disease states that often require close monitoring and frequent follow-up to achieve and maintain therapeutic control as determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and blood pressure (BP). At the Charles George Veterans Affairs Medical Center (CGVAMC), physicians may refer their patients to the on-site pharmacist-managed Risk Reduction Clinic (RRC). Patients are discharged from the RRC once patient-specific therapeutic goals have been met for diabetes, dyslipidemia, and/or hypertension...
January 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966324/public-health-round-up
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26948426/cyanobacteria-biennal-dynamic-in-a-volcanic-mesotrophic-lake-in-central-italy-strategies-to-prevent-dangerous-human-exposures-to-cyanotoxins
#20
Maura Manganelli, Mara Stefanelli, Susanna Vichi, Paolo Andreani, Giuseppe Nascetti, Fabrizio Scialanca, Simona Scardala, Emanuela Testai, Enzo Funari
Vico Lake, a volcanic meso-eutrophic lake in Central Italy, whose water is used for drinking and recreational activities, experienced the presence of the microcystins (MC) producing cyanobacterium Planktothrix rubescens. In order to assess the human health risks and to provide the local health authorities with a scientific basis for planning tailored monitoring activities, we studied P. rubescens ecology and toxicity for two years. P. rubescens generally dominated the phytoplankton community, alternating with Limnothrix redekei, potentially toxic...
June 1, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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