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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695877/public-health-round-up
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679895/ingredientes-farmac%C3%A3-uticos-activos-potencialmente-inapropiados-en-adultos-mayores-lista-ifaspiam-panel-de-consenso-argentino
#2
Marta M Marzi, Miryam S Pires, Nora B Quaglia
OBJECTIVES: To perform a list agreed by Argentinean experts and adapted to the local context containing potentially inappropriate (PI) medications in old people (OP) usingthe Delphi consensus technique optimized for this subject. METHODS: A preliminary list of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) was drawn up based on foreign PIM lists and a selective search in the scientific literature. The iterative Delphi process was used to submit the active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) of the preliminary PIM list to the panel of Argentinean experts...
April 18, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572017/the-view-of-experts-on-initiatives-to-be-undertaken-to-promote-equity-in-the-access-to-orphan-drugs-and-specialised-care-for-rare-diseases-in-spain-a-delphi-consensus
#3
J Torrent-Farnell, M Comellas, J L Poveda, I Abaitua, L G Gutiérrez-Solana, J Pérez-López, J Cruz, J Urcelay, L Lizán
OBJECTIVES: To reach a consensus amongst experts on the most feasible actions to be undertaken to facilitate patient access to specialised care and orphan drugs (OD) in the public health sector in Spain. METHODS: Two Delphi rounds were completed. The questionnaire was based on a literature review and 2 focus groups. Agreement was sought on the desire (D) and prognosis (P) for the implementation within the next 5 years, on a 5-point Likert scale. Consensus was reached when ≥75% participants chose agreement (1-2) or disagreement options (4-5)...
March 15, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531411/public-health-round-up
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490702/identifying-trial-recruitment-uncertainties-using-a-james-lind-alliance-priority-setting-partnership-the-priority-prioritising-recruitment-in-randomised-trials-study
#5
Patricia Healy, Sandra Galvin, Paula R Williamson, Shaun Treweek, Caroline Whiting, Beccy Maeso, Christopher Bray, Peter Brocklehurst, Mary Clarke Moloney, Abdel Douiri, Carrol Gamble, Heidi R Gardner, Derick Mitchell, Derek Stewart, Joan Jordan, Martin O'Donnell, Mike Clarke, Sue H Pavitt, Eleanor Woodford Guegan, Amanda Blatch-Jones, Valerie Smith, Hannah Reay, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Despite the problem of inadequate recruitment to randomised trials, there is little evidence to guide researchers on decisions about how people are effectively recruited to take part in trials. The PRioRiTy study aimed to identify and prioritise important unanswered trial recruitment questions for research. The PRioRiTy study - Priority Setting Partnership (PSP) included members of the public approached to take part in a randomised trial or who have represented participants on randomised trial steering committees, health professionals and research staff with experience of recruiting to randomised trials, people who have designed, conducted, analysed or reported on randomised trials and people with experience of randomised trials methodology...
March 1, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428183/re-emergence-of-yaws-after-single-mass-azithromycin-treatment-followed-by-targeted-treatment-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Oriol Mitjà, Charmie Godornes, Wendy Houinei, August Kapa, Raymond Paru, Haina Abel, Camila González-Beiras, Sibauk V Bieb, James Wangi, Alyssa E Barry, Sergi Sanz, Quique Bassat, Sheila A Lukehart
BACKGROUND: Yaws is a substantial cause of chronic disfiguring ulcers in children in at least 14 countries in the tropics. WHO's newly adopted strategy for yaws eradication uses a single round of mass azithromycin treatment followed by targeted treatment programmes, and data from pilot studies have shown a short-term significant reduction of yaws. We assessed the long-term efficacy of the WHO strategy for yaws eradication. METHODS: Between April 15, 2013, and Oct 24, 2016, we did a longitudinal study on a Papua New Guinea island (Lihir; 16 092 population) in which yaws was endemic...
April 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403108/public-health-round-up
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403093/public-health-round-up
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401269/chronic-hyperandrogenemia-and-western-style-diet-beginning-at-puberty-reduces-fertility-and-increases-metabolic-dysfunction-during-pregnancy-in-young-adult-female-macaques
#9
C V Bishop, R L Stouffer, D L Takahashi, E C Mishler, M C Wilcox, O D Slayden, C A True
STUDY QUESTION: What are the impacts of elevated testosterone (T) and an obesogenic western-style diet (WSD), either independently or together, on fertility and metabolic adaptations of pregnancy in primates? SUMMARY ANSWER: Testosterone increases the time to achieve pregnancy, while a WSD reduces overall fertility, and the combination of testosterone and WSD additionally impairs glucose tolerance and causes pregnancy loss. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Both hyperandrogenemia and obesity are hallmarks of polycystic ovary syndrome, which is a leading cause of infertility among women worldwide...
April 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371230/rapid-uptake-of-the-subcutaneous-injectable-in-burkina-faso-evidence-from-pma2020-cross-sectional-surveys
#10
Guiella Georges, Turke Shani, Coulibaly Hamadou, Scott Radloff, Choi Yoonjoung
The subcutaneous (SC) injectable, widely known by its commercial name Sayana Press, has potential to improve access to contraceptive methods. In Burkina Faso, SC-injectables were first piloted in select regions in 2014 and introduced nationally in 2016. PMA2020 is the first national survey to track programmatic progress of SC-injectable introduction at both population and health facility levels in the country across 2 rounds of data collection: March-May 2016 and November 2016-January 2017. Over this 6-month period, SC-injectable availability at public service delivery points increased from 50% to 85%, largely driven by increases in availability among the non-pilot regions...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#11
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
February 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275135/effect-of-a-multifaceted-social-franchising-model-on-quality-and-coverage-of-maternal-newborn-and-reproductive-health-care-services-in-uttar-pradesh-india-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Sarah Tougher, Varun Dutt, Shreya Pereira, Kaveri Haldar, Vasudha Shukla, Kultar Singh, Paresh Kumar, Catherine Goodman, Timothy Powell-Jackson
BACKGROUND: How to harness the private sector to improve population health in low-income and middle-income countries is heavily debated and one prominent strategy is social franchising. We aimed to evaluate whether the Matrika social franchising model-a multifaceted intervention that established a network of private providers and strengthened the skills of both public and private sector clinicians-could improve the quality and coverage of health services along the continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and reproductive health...
February 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239250/history-off-hand-bunnell-s-no-man-s-land
#13
J Joris Hage
BACKGROUND: To date, it remains unclear what inspired Dr Sterling Bunnell to start using the typical World War I military term no-man's land in hand surgical context, only in 1948. To commemorate that Bunnell passed away 60 years ago on August 20, I report on my quest to clarify this. METHODS: An extensive bibliography of Bunnell was made up by use of the McDowell Series of Plastic Surgery Indexes and cross-checked by use of a PubMed search. Bunnell's round-robin letters were searched for in the Sterling Bunnell Hand Surgery Archives of the California Pacific Medical Center Health Services Library in San Francisco, California...
December 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200518/public-health-round-up
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147051/public-health-round-up
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147038/public-health-round-up
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131860/does-proximity-of-women-to-facilities-with-better-choice-of-contraceptives-affect-their-contraceptive-utilization-in-rural-ethiopia
#17
Solomon Shiferaw, Mark Spigt, Assefa Seme, Ayanaw Amogne, Stein Skrøvseth, Selamawit Desta, Scott Radloff, Amy Tsui, Dinant GeertJan
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence of the linkage between contraceptive use, the range of methods available and level of contraceptive stocks at health facilities and distance to facility in developing countries. The present analysis aims at examining the influence of contraceptive method availability and distance to the nearby facilities on modern contraceptive utilization among married women in rural areas in Ethiopia using geo-referenced data. METHODS: We used data from the first round of surveys of the Performance Monitoring & Accountability 2020 project in Ethiopia (PMA2020/Ethiopia-2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094100/primary-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-resource-stratified-guideline
#18
Silvina Arrossi, Sarah Temin, Suzanne Garland, Linda O'Neal Eckert, Neerja Bhatla, Xavier Castellsagué, Sharifa Ezat Alkaff, Tamika Felder, Doudja Hammouda, Ryo Konno, Gilberto Lopes, Emmanuel Mugisha, Rául Murillo, Isabel C Scarinci, Margaret Stanley, Vivien Tsu, Cosette M Wheeler, Isaac Folorunso Adewole, Silvia de Sanjosé
Purpose: To provide resource-stratified (four tiers), evidence-based recommendations on the primary prevention of cervical cancer globally. Methods: The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a multidisciplinary, multinational panel of oncology, obstetrics/gynecology, public health, cancer control, epidemiology/biostatistics, health economics, behavioral/implementation science, and patient advocacy experts. The Expert Panel reviewed existing guidelines and conducted a modified ADAPTE process and a formal consensus-based process with additional experts (consensus ratings group) for one round of formal ratings...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947669/operationalisation-and-validation-of-the-stopping-elderly-accidents-deaths-and-injuries-steadi-fall-risk-algorithm-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#19
Matthew C Lohman, Rebecca S Crow, Peter R DiMilia, Emily J Nicklett, Martha L Bruce, John A Batsis
BACKGROUND: Preventing falls and fall-related injuries among older adults is a public health priority. The Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries (STEADI) tool was developed to promote fall risk screening and encourage coordination between clinical and community-based fall prevention resources; however, little is known about the tool's predictive validity or adaptability to survey data. METHODS: Data from five annual rounds (2011-2015) of the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), a representative cohort of adults age 65 years and older in the USA...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922418/detecting-and-confirming-residual-hotspots-of-lymphatic-filariasis-transmission-in-american-samoa-8-years-after-stopping-mass-drug-administration
#20
Colleen L Lau, Sarah Sheridan, Stephanie Ryan, Maureen Roineau, Athena Andreosso, Saipale Fuimaono, Joseph Tufa, Patricia M Graves
The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) aims to eliminate the disease as a public health problem by 2020 by conducting mass drug administration (MDA) and controlling morbidity. Once elimination targets have been reached, surveillance is critical for ensuring that programmatic gains are sustained, and challenges include timely identification of residual areas of transmission. WHO guidelines encourage cost-efficient surveillance, such as integration with other population-based surveys. In American Samoa, where LF is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, and Aedes polynesiensis is the main vector, the LF elimination program has made significant progress...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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