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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349255/gender-specific-associations-between-involvement-in-team-sport-culture-and-canadian-adolescents-substance-use-behavior
#1
Randy Boyes, Dylan E O'Sullivan, Brooke Linden, Michael McIsaac, William Pickett
Canadian adolescents have some of the highest rates of substance use in the world. The etiology of this phenomenon has not been fully explored, and one possible contextual determinant is involvement in sport activities that foster risk-taking behaviors through physical and social mechanisms. Using the 2013-14 Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study we therefore examined this hypothesis in a contemporary national sample of Canadian adolescents. The strength and direction of the relationship between sport and substance use varied by gender and substance, with team sport participation associated with increased binge drinking (RR 1...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342874/rodent-models-of-alcoholic-liver-disease-role-of-binge-ethanol-administration
#2
REVIEW
Shubha Ghosh Dastidar, Jeffrey B Warner, Dennis R Warner, Craig J McClain, Irina A Kirpich
Both chronic and acute (binge) alcohol drinking are important health and economic concerns worldwide and prominent risk factors for the development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). There are no FDA-approved medications to prevent or to treat any stage of ALD. Therefore, discovery of novel therapeutic strategies remains a critical need for patients with ALD. Relevant experimental animal models that simulate human drinking patterns and mimic the spectrum and severity of alcohol-induced liver pathology in humans are critical to our ability to identify new mechanisms and therapeutic targets...
January 13, 2018: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331772/alcohol-induced-risk-behaviors-among-brazilian-nightclub-patrons-a-latent-class-analysis
#3
A Sañudo, S Andreoni, Z M Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify risk behavior profiles associated with alcohol consumption among patrons during or just after departure from nightclubs in São Paulo, Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: The study used a two-stage cluster sampling survey design. Data were collected on a probabilistic sample of nightclub patrons. Overall, 2422 patrons were interviewed at the entrance of 31 nightclubs. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify risk behavior profiles with an emphasis on risky driving, fights, alcoholic blackouts, and harm and unsafe sex...
January 11, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331639/identification-of-the-disinfection-byproducts-of-bisphenol-s-and-the-disrupting-effect-on-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-ppar%C3%AE-induced-by-chlorination
#4
Sai Zheng, Jiachen Shi, Jing Zhang, Yi Yang, Jianying Hu, Bing Shao
Bisphenol S (BPS), an alternative product to bisphenol A (BPA), has been the focus of increasing public concern due to its potential endocrine disrupting effect and its adverse effects related to metabolic disorders such as obesity. The detection of its residue in drinking water supply systems suggests that BPS can be chlorinated; however, whether its endocrine disrupting effect can be disrupted by this chlorination remains unclear. In the present study, we identified the byproducts of the reaction of BPS with chlorine and assessed the effect of the main byproducts on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ)...
January 5, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331611/resistance-to-peer-influence-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-but-not-actual-peer-norms-and-binge-drinking-in-a-college-student-social-network
#5
Graham T DiGuiseppi, Matthew K Meisel, Sara G Balestrieri, Miles Q Ott, Melissa J Cox, Melissa A Clark, Nancy P Barnett
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent and young adult binge drinking is strongly associated with perceived social norms and the drinking behavior that occurs within peer networks. The extent to which an individual is influenced by the behavior of others may depend upon that individual's resistance to peer influence (RPI). METHODS: Students in their first semester of college (N=1323; 54.7% female, 57% White, 15.1% Hispanic) reported on their own binge drinking, and the perceived binge drinking of up to 10 important peers in the first-year class...
December 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329371/alcohol-use-in-adolescence-and-later-working-memory-findings-from-a-large-population-based-birth-cohort
#6
Liam Mahedy, Matt Field, Suzanne Gage, Gemma Hammerton, Jon Heron, Matt Hickman, Marcus R Munafò
Aims: The study aimed to examine the association between adolescent alcohol use and working memory (WM) using a large population sample. Methods: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were used to investigate the association between alcohol use at age 15 years and WM 3 years later, assessed using the N-back task (N ~ 3300). A three-category ordinal variable captured mutually exclusive alcohol groupings ranging in order of severity (i.e. low alcohol users, frequent drinkers and frequent/binge drinkers)...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329007/the-relative-strength-of-attitudes-versus-perceived-drinking-norms-as-predictors-of-alcohol-use
#7
Angelo M DiBello, Mary Beth Miller, Clayton Neighbors, Allecia Reid, Kate B Carey
Social cognitive factors such as perceived norms and personal attitudes toward alcohol consumption are reliable predictors of alcohol use and related problems. The current study aimed to evaluate the relative importance of one's attitude toward alcohol use as a unique and important predictor of drinking related outcomes when directly compared to perceived descriptive and injunctive norms. Participants were mandated students (n=568; 28% female) who violated a campus alcohol policy and received a Brief Motivational Intervention...
December 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324247/mglu5-dependent-modulation-of-anxiety-during-early-withdrawal-from-binge-drinking-in-adult-and-adolescent-male-mice
#8
Kaziya M Lee, Michal A Coelho, MacKayla A Class, Karen K Szumlinski
Binge alcohol-drinking elicits symptoms of negative affect such as anxiety upon cessation, which is a source of negative reinforcement for perpetuating this pattern of alcohol abuse. Binge-induced anxiety during early (24 h) withdrawal is associated with increased expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5) within the nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) of adult male mice, but was unchanged in anxiety-resilient adolescents. Herein, we determined the role of mGlu5 signaling in withdrawal-induced anxiety via pharmacological manipulation using the mGlu5 negative allosteric modulator MTEP and the positive allosteric modulator CDPPB...
January 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323504/protective-behavioral-strategies-mediate-the-relationship-between-behavioral-economic-risk-factors-and-alcohol-related-problems
#9
Andrew T Voss, Kathryn E Soltis, Ashley A Dennhardt, Matthew P Martens, James G Murphy
Behavioral economic measures of alcohol reward value and future orientation have received support as predictors of alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and response to intervention. Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) have been shown to be a significant mediator between a variety of risk factors and alcohol-related problems. The current article examines direct and mediating associations between measures of alcohol reward value (proportionate substance-related activity participation and enjoyment) and future orientation, use of PBS, and alcohol-related problems...
January 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320345/an-examination-of-changes-in-social-disparities-in-health-behaviors-in-the-us-2003-2015
#10
Sasha A Fleary, Claudio R Nigg, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVES: Due to growing health disparities, federal and philanthropic agencies have empha-sized reducing health disparities in their preventive health efforts. This study determined the status of disparities in health behaviors in the last 13 years in the United States. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems in odd years (2003-2015). Health behaviors were dichotomized to reflect met fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and physical activity (PA) recommendations, non-cigarette smoking, non-heavy drinking, and non-binge drinking...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315646/microrna-21-bridging-binge-drinking-and-cardiovascular-health
#11
Yingmei Zhang, Jun Ren
Binge drinking is commonly associated with high risk of cardiovascular diseases although the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Advances in genomics and genetics have indicated a number of alcohol-responsive genes in alcohol drinking behavior and alcoholic organ injury. Recent findings revealed a dramatic rise in mircoRNA-10a (miR-10a) and miR-21 levels with binge drinking (Beech et al., 2014). Given the increased knowledge in the past decade on the role of non-coding RNAs in the regulation of cardiovascular function, the identification of novel microRNA and underlying cellular mechanisms in alcoholism and alcoholic organ complication suggests therapeutic promises for the interventions against alcoholic complications...
January 6, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314078/commentary-on-white-and-colleagues-trends-in-alcohol-related-emergency-department-visits-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-nationwide-emergency-department-sample-2006-2014-acer-2018
#12
Megan E Patrick, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
Epidemiological research has documented a puzzling disconnect between recent alcohol-related trends in the United States. Studies comparing year-to-year prevalence of alcohol use and binge drinking have shown that drinking has been decreasing among adolescents and young adults (Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, 2015; Miech et al., 2017; Schulenberg et al., 2017). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 4, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313741/drinking-and-driving-in-puerto-rico
#13
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Eduardo Romano, Glorisa Canino
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological information is lacking for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) in Puerto Rico. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and correlates of DUI in Puerto Rico. METHODS: Data are from a household sample of 1510 individuals, aged 18-64 years in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The response rate was 83%. RESULTS: The rate of 12 month self-reported DUI was 20% among men and 8% among women (p < 0...
January 9, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304763/attributable-causes-of-colorectal-cancer-in-china
#14
Meng-Jia Gu, Qiu-Chi Huang, Cheng-Zhen Bao, Ying-Jun Li, Xiao-Qin Li, Ding Ye, Zhen-Hua Ye, Kun Chen, Jian-Bing Wang
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the 4th common cancer in China. Most colorectal cancers are due to modifiable lifestyle factors, but few studies have provided a systematic evidence-based assessment of the burden of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality attributable to the known risk factors in China. METHODS: We estimated the population attributable faction (PAF) for each selected risk factor in China, based on the prevalence of exposure around 2000 and relative risks from cohort studies and meta-analyses...
January 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304425/age-at-drinking-onset-age-at-first-intoxication-and-delay-to-first-intoxication-assessing-the-concurrent-validity-of-measures-of-drinking-initiation-with-alcohol-use-and-related-problems
#15
Meghan E Morean, Alexa L'Insalata, Ellyn R Butler, Avalon McKee, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
INTRODUCTION: Drinking at an early age (AO) and quickly progressing to drinking to intoxication (Delay=Age of Intoxication[AI]-AO) confer risk for alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. However, inconsistencies exist in the literature, which may reflect the use of different definitions of AO and AI. We evaluated whether 1) defining AO as age at first sip of alcohol (AO sip) versus age at which at least one standard drink was consumed (AO drink); and 2) defining AI as age at first "drunk" (AI drunk) versus age at first binge episode (≥5 standard drinks consumed; AI binge) resulted in different self-reported ages or differentially predicted drinking outcomes...
December 21, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300304/behavioral-and-brain-activity-indices-of-cognitive-control-deficits-in-binge-drinkers
#16
Sean M Molnar, Lauren E Beaton, Joseph P Happer, Lee A Holcomb, Siyuan Huang, Donatello Arienzo, Ksenija Marinkovic
Heavy episodic drinking is prevalent among young adults and is a public issue of increasing importance. Its initiation and maintenance are associated with deficits in the capacity to inhibit automatic processing in favor of non-habitual responses. This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine behavioral and brain activity indices of cognitive control during the Stroop task as a function of binge drinking. Heavy episodic drinkers (HED) reported consuming 5+/6+ drinks in two hours at least five times in the past six months and were compared to light drinkers (LED) who reported two or fewer binge episodes but were matched on demographics, intelligence and family history of alcoholism...
January 4, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300096/influence-of-parent-youth-relationship-parental-monitoring-and-parent-substance-use-on-adolescent-substance-use-onset
#17
Julie C Rusby, John M Light, Ryann Crowley, Erika Westling
The quality of parent-child relationships likely influences many decisions and behaviors made by early adolescents, including their alcohol and marijuana use. We examined how parent-youth relationship quality, parental monitoring, and parent substance use were associated with initiation of alcohol use, binge drinking, and marijuana use by 400 adolescents by the spring of 8th grade (ages 13-14), and changes in initiation through 9th grade (assessed 3 times; fall, winter, and spring). We measured both parent and adolescent report of parent-youth relationship quality and parental monitoring, expecting that both perspectives would uniquely contribute...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297719/perceptions-of-alcohol-advertising-among-high-risk-drinkers
#18
Jonathan K Noel, Ziming Xuan, Thomas F Babor
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are particularly vulnerable to the influence of alcohol advertising, such as youth, need special protections, yet little research has been done to determine if other vulnerable groups exist. Secondary data analysis was conducted to determine if perceptions of alcohol advertising differ between groups based on their alcohol use and whether the definition of "vulnerable" should be expanded beyond demographic categories. METHODS: Students (n = 326) from 2 U...
January 3, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294899/alcohol-consumption-history-of-sexual-assault-in-adolescence-and-revictimization-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-the-western-united-states
#19
Christopher R DeCou, Monica C Skewes
This study evaluated alcohol consumption as a moderator of the association between adolescent sexual assault and risk of sexual assault in college. It was hypothesized that sexual assault in adolescence would be associated with higher risk of college victimization and that this association would be moderated by alcohol consumption. Predominantly female and European-American university students ( N = 201) completed self-report measures of alcohol consumption and sexual assault victimization in adolescence and since enrolling in college at a medium-sized university in the Western United States...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294736/the-social-context-of-violence-a-study-of-repeated-victimization-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
Ida Frugård Strøm, Ole Kristian Hjemdal, Mia C Myhre, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Siri Thoresen
Multiple factors may influence the risk of exposure to childhood violence and repeated victimization, although most research has focused on individual rather than contextual factors. Moreover, it is unclear whether family background factors associated with exposure to childhood violence also are associated with revictimization in young adulthood. This article investigates individual and contextual factors associated with childhood abuse and revictimization. Data from a community telephone survey, collected at two different time points ( N = 1,011, 16-33 years of age), were used...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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