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Binge Drinking

Christian Hakulinen, Markus Jokela
BACKGROUND: Personality has been associated with alcohol use, but less is known about how alcohol use may influence long-term personality trait change. METHODS: The present study examines associations between alcohol use and change in the five major personality traits across two measurement occasions (mean follow-up of 5.6 years). A total of 39 722 participants (54% women) were pooled from six cohort studies for an individual-participant meta-analysis. Alcohol use was measured as (1) average alcohol consumption, (2) frequency of binge drinking, (3) symptoms of alcohol use disorder, and (4) a global indicator of risky alcohol use...
March 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
H M M T B Herath, S P Pahalagamage, Sunethra Senanayake
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of osmotic demyelination syndrome is not completely understood and usually occurs with severe and prolonged hyponatremia, particularly with rapid correction. It can occur even in normonatremic patients, especially who have risk factors like alcoholism, malnutrition and liver disease. Bilateral tongue fasciculations with denervation pattern in electromyogram is a manifestation of damage to the hypoglossal nucleus or hypoglossal nerves. Tongue fasciculations were reported rarely in some cases of osmotic demyelination syndrome, but the exact mechanism is not explained...
March 14, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Kelly Oliva Jorge, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Miriam Pimenta do Vale, Ichiro Kawachi, Patrícia Maria Zarzar
The aim was to evaluate the prevalence of alcohol consumption, binge drinking and their association with social capital and socioeconomic factors among Brazilian adolescents students. A cross-sectional study was carried out with a randomly selected representative sample of 936 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years. Information on alcohol consumption, social capital and socioeconomic status was collected using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, the Integrated Questionnaire for the Measurement of Social Capital and Social Vulnerability Index, respectively...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Alexandra Wollum, Rose Gabert, Claire R McNellan, Jessica M Daly, Priscilla Reddy, Paurvi Bhatt, Miranda Bryant, Danny V Colombara, Pamela Naidoo, Belinda Ngongo, Anam Nyembezi, Zaino Petersen, Bryan Phillips, Shelley Wilson, Emmanuela Gakidou, Herbert C Duber
BACKGROUND: The HealthRise initiative seeks to implement and evaluate innovative community-based strategies for diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia along the entire continuum of care (CoC)-from awareness and diagnosis, through treatment and control. In this study, we present baseline findings from HealthRise South Africa, identifying gaps in the CoC, as well as key barriers to care for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). METHODS: This mixed-methods needs assessment utilized national household data, health facility surveys, focus group discussions, and key informant interviews in Umgungundlovu and Pixley ka Seme districts...
2018: PloS One
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Benjamin Berey, Gabriel J Merrin, Kevin Tan, Danielle R Madden
BACKGROUND: Justice involved youth exposed to multiple forms of victimization (i.e., poly-victimization) may be at risk for long term substance use problems and difficulty in self-regulation, placing them at higher risk of long-term problematic behaviors. This study empirically identifies victimization classifications in a sample of justice involved youth and how long-term binge drinking is related to victimization experiences. We further sought to understand how self-regulatory abilities such as impulse control and emotion regulation effect emergent profiles and binge drinking trajectories...
February 27, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Amanda M Barkley-Levenson, Frances A Lagarda, Abraham A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Glyoxalase 1 (GLO1) is an enzyme that metabolizes methylglyoxal (MG), which is a competitive partial agonist at GABAA receptors. Inhibition of GLO1 increases concentrations of MG in the brain and decreases binge-like ethanol drinking. The present study assessed whether inhibition of GLO1, or genetic over expression of Glo1, would also alter the locomotor effects of ethanol, which might explain reduced ethanol consumption following GLO1 inhibition. We used the prototypical GABAA receptor agonist muscimol as a positive control...
March 12, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Rainer U Pliquett, Arno Noll, Richard Ibe, Alexandra Katz, Charlotte Ackmann, Alexandra Schreiber, Matthias Girndt
BACKGROUND: Here, we report a case of central pontine demyelinization in a type-2 diabetes patient with hyperglycemia after a binge-eating attack in the absence of a relevant hyponatremia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old, male type-2 diabetic patient with liver cirrhosis stage Child-Pugh B was admitted due to dysmetria of his right arm, gait disturbance, dizziness, vertigo, and polyuria, polydipsia after a binge-eating attack of sweets (a whole fruit cake and 2 Liters of soft drinks)...
March 12, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Lídia Cantacorps, Héctor González-Pardo, Jorge L Arias, Olga Valverde, Nélida M Conejo
Prenatal and perinatal alcohol exposure caused by maternal alcohol intake during gestation and lactation periods can have long-lasting detrimental effects on the brain development and behaviour of offspring. Children diagnosed with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) display a wide range of cognitive, emotional and motor deficits, together with characteristic morphological abnormalities. Maternal alcohol binge drinking is particularly harmful for foetal and early postnatal brain development, as it involves exposure to high levels of alcohol over short periods of time...
March 8, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Linda S Pagani, Caroline Fitzpatrick
PURPOSE: We examined the prospective influence of early child problematic behavior on later coercive interactions and binge drinking by mothers. DESIGN AND METHODS: Canadian participants are from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, born between spring 1997 and 1998, which allowed a longitudinal birth cohort design. At the 41months, 628 parents reported on children's oppositional, aggressive, turbulent, and inattentive/hyperactive behavior. Mothers then reported on their own coercive and binge drinking behavior at the 60month follow-up...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Sonia Guleria, Mette Tuxen Faber, Bo T Hansen, Lisen Arnheim-Dahlström, Kai-Li Liaw, Christian Munk, Mari Nygård, Susanne Krüger Kjær
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between current behaviours/characteristics and self-perceived risk for STIs, among randomly selected women aged 18-45 years from Denmark, Norway and Sweden. METHOD: A population-based, cross-sectional, questionnaire study (paper based, web based and telephone based) was conducted during 2011-2012. We compared medium-high STI risk perception with no/low risk perception. The associations were explored for women who had ever had sexual intercourse and for women with a new partner in the last 6 months using multivariable logistic regression...
March 9, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Ana P Ortiz, Daisy González, Jeslie Ramos, Cristina Muñoz, Juan Carlos Reyes, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Despite limited data, research suggests that marijuana use is associated with oral HPV infection and periodontitis, two potential oropharyngeal cancer risk factors. We assessed these associations in a Hispanic adult population in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 735 adults assessed marijuana use, determined through an audio computer-assisted self-interview, and periodontitis and self-collection of oral HPV samples following the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Belén Sanz-Barbero, Patricia López Pereira, Gregorio Barrio, Carmen Vives-Cases
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of intimate partner violence (IPV) in young women is a source of increasing concern. The prevalence of IPV has not been analysed in Europe as a whole. The objective was to assess the prevalence and main characteristics of experiencing physical and/or sexual and psychological-only IPV among young women in the European Union and to identify individual and contextual associated risk factors. METHODS: We analysed a cross-sectional subsample of 5976 ever-partnered women aged 18-29 years from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Violence Against Women Survey, 2012...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Patricia Isabel Documet, Mark M Troyer, Laura Macia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of social support with alcohol abuse, depression, and health care access among Latino immigrant men in an emerging Latino community (an area with a small yet growing Latino population). METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data of 140 men prior to a participatory male-to-male community health worker intervention among Latino immigrants were analyzed using logistic regression. Community health workers recruited community participants in Western Pennsylvania between 2011 and 2013...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Tasha Barr, Suhas Sureshchandra, Paul Ruegger, Jingfei Zhang, Wenxiu Ma, James Borneman, Kathleen Grant, Ilhem Messaoudi
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) results in increased intestinal permeability, nutrient malabsorption, and increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Our understanding of the mechanisms underlying these morbidities remains limited because studies to date have relied almost exclusively on short-term heavy/binge drinking rodent models and colonic biopsies/fecal samples collected from AUD subjects with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Consequently, the dose- and site-dependent impact of chronic alcohol consumption in the absence of overt liver disease remains poorly understood...
March 8, 2018: Gut Microbes
David Darevsky, Thomas Michael Gill, Katherine Rose Vitale, Bing Hu, Scott Andrew Wegner, Frederic Woodward Hopf
Compulsive alcohol drinking, where intake persists regardless of adverse consequences, plays a major role in the substantial costs of alcohol use disorder. However, the processes that promote aversion-resistant drinking remain poorly understood. Compulsion-like responding has been considered automatic and reflexive and also to involve higher motivation, since drinking persists despite adversity. Thus, we used lickometry, where microstructural behavioral changes can reflect altered motivation, to test whether conflict-resistant intake [quinine-alcohol (QuiA)] reflected greater automaticity or motivation relative to alcohol-only drinking (Alc)...
March 8, 2018: Addiction Biology
Christopher J Mehus, Jennifer Doty, Gary Chan, Adrian B Kelly, Sheryl Hemphill, John Toumbourou, Barbara J McMorris
BACKGROUND: Parents and peers both influence the development of adolescent substance misuse, and the Social Interaction Learning (SIL) model provides a theoretical explanation of the paths through which this occurs. OBJECTIVE: The SIL model has primarily been tested with conduct outcomes and in US samples. This study adds to the literature by testing the SIL model with four substance use outcomes in a sample of Australian youth. METHOD: We used structural equation modeling to test the fit of the SIL model to a longitudinal sample (n = 907) of students recruited in grade 5 in Victoria, Australia participating in the International Youth Development Study, who were resurveyed in grades 6 and 10...
March 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Jesse Walker, Kaitlin E Bountress, Casey D Calhoun, Isha W Metzger, Zachary Adams, Ananda Amstadter, Suzanne Thomas, Carla Kmett Danielson
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure is common, with estimates of 28 to 90% of adults reporting at least one traumatic event over their lifetime. Those exposed to traumatic events are at risk for alcohol misuse (i.e., binge drinking), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or both. A potential underlying mechanism for this comorbidity is increased impulsivity-the tendency to act rashly. Little work to date has examined the impact of different impulsogenic traits on this comorbidity. METHODS: This study (n = 162) investigated trauma-exposed young adults (age 21-30) who had endorsed a lifetime interpersonal trauma...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Cara V James, Ramal Moonesinghe, Shondelle M Wilson-Frederick, Jeffrey E Hall, Ana Penman-Aguilar, Karen Bouye
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Rural communities often have worse health outcomes, have less access to care, and are less diverse than urban communities. Much of the research on rural health disparities examines disparities between rural and urban communities, with fewer studies on disparities within rural communities. This report provides an overview of racial/ethnic health disparities for selected indicators in rural areas of the United States. REPORTING PERIOD: 2012-2015...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Bernd Lenz, Polyxeni Bouna-Pyrrou, Christiane Mühle, Johannes Kornhuber
BACKGROUND: Alcohol binge drinking behavior is an important public health issue. Causal rodent and human associational studies show that reinforcement of prenatal androgen signaling increases alcohol consumption in adulthood. However, the effects of prenatal androgen exposure on adult binge drinking patterns have not been investigated yet. METHOD: We analyzed data from 2225 participants of an online survey (conducted 06-07/2016) to evaluate biomarkers for prenatal androgen exposure (second-to-fourth finger length ratio [2D:4D], age at spermarche or menarche as hallmark for pubertal onset) in binge drinking (≥1 episode of 15+, 10+, and/or 5+ standard drinks of ~12 g of alcohol within 2 h during the 24 month- and 2 week-recall periods)...
February 27, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Linda Irvine, Iain K Crombie, Vivien Swanson, Elena D Dimova, Ambrose J Melson, Tracey M Fraser, Rosaline Barbour, Peter M Rice, Sheila Allan
BACKGROUND: Young women frequently drink alcohol in groups and binge drinking within these natural drinking groups is common. This study describes the design of a theoretically and empirically based group intervention to reduce binge drinking among young women. It also evaluates their engagement with the intervention and the acceptability of the study methods. METHODS: Friendship groups of women aged 18-35 years, who had two or more episodes of binge drinking (>6 UK units on one occasion; 48g of alcohol) in the previous 30 days, were recruited from the community...
2018: PloS One
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