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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538757/brazilian-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-list-of-threatening-events-questionnaire-lte-q
#1
Patrícia B de Abreu, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Regina A Pose, Ronaldo Laranjeira, Raul Caetano, Carolina M Gaya, Clarice S Madruga
Objective: To perform a construct validation of the List of Threatening Events Questionnaire (LTE-Q), as well as convergence validation by identifying its association with drug use in a sample of the Brazilian population. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Second Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey (II BNADS), which used a cross-cultural adaptation of the LTE-Q in a probabilistic sample of 4,607 participants aged 14 years and older. Latent class analysis was used to validate the latent trait adversity (which considered the number of events from the list of 12 item in the LTE experienced by the respondent in the previous year) and logistic regression was performed to find its association with binge drinking and cocaine use...
May 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526355/drinking-beyond-the-binge-threshold-predictors-consequences-and-changes-in-the-u-s
#2
Ralph W Hingson, Wenxing Zha, Aaron M White
INTRODUCTION: Binge drinking, five or more drinks on an occasion for men and four or more for women, marks risky alcohol use. However, this dichotomous variable removes information about higher, more dangerous consumption. This paper examines predictors, consequences, and changes over a decade in drinking one to two times, two to three times, and three or more times standard gender-specific binge thresholds, labeled Levels I, II, and III. METHODS: In 2001-2002 and 2012-2013, respectively, 42,748 and 36,083 U...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523209/using-online-respondent-driven-sampling-for-vietnamese-youths-alcohol-use-and-associated-risk-factors
#3
Melvyn W B Zhang, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Hoang Long, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Duc Hinh, Tran Dinh Tho, Bao Nguyen Le, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Chau Ngo, Nguyen Huu Tu, Carl A Latkin, Roger Cm Ho
OBJECTIVES: The average alcohol consumption per capita among Vietnamese adults has consistently increased. Although alcohol-related disorders have been extensively studied, there is a paucity of research shedding light on this issue among Internet users. The study aimed to examine the severity of alcohol-related disorders and other associated factors that might predispose individuals towards alcohol usage in a sample of youths recruited online. METHODS: An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,080 Vietnamese youths...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513195/binge-drinking-health-impact-prevalence-correlates-and-interventions
#4
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Sandra Kuntsche, Johannes Thrul, Gerhard Gmel
OBJECTIVE: Binge drinking (also called heavy episodic drinking, risky single-occasion drinking etc.) is a major public health problem. This paper provides an overview of recently published evidence concerning the definition and measurement, prevalence rates, health impact, demographic and psychosocial correlates of, and interventions for, binge drinking. DESIGN: Narrative review. RESULTS: Mostly occurring among young people at weekends, binge drinking increases the risk of both acute (e...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512098/a-rare-case-of-thrombotic-microangiopathy-triggered-by-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Kevin Singh, Ahmed Jamal Nadeem, Behzad Doratotaj
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) occurring after acute pancreatitis is rarely described. Without prompt intervention, TMA can be, and often is, lethal, so prompt recognition is important. Here, we present a case of a 61-year-old woman with a history of alcohol misuse who presented with epigastric pain, nausea and vomiting after binge drinking. Elevated serum lipase and imaging were suggestive of acute-on-chronic pancreatitis. Although the patient's symptoms of acute pancreatitis subsided, her anaemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury worsened...
May 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508723/drinking-high-amounts-of-alcohol-as-a-short-term-mating-strategy-the-impact-of-short-term-mating-motivations-on-young-adults-drinking-behavior
#6
Eveline Vincke
Previous research indicates that drinking large quantities of alcohol could function as a short-term mating strategy for young adults in mating situations. However, no study investigated whether this is actually the case. Therefore, in this article, the link between short-term mating motivations and drinking high amounts of alcohol is tested. First, a survey study ( N = 345) confirmed that young adults who engage in binge drinking are more short-term oriented in their mating strategy than young adults who never engage in binge drinking...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502391/bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-derived-corticotropin-releasing-factor-controls-binge-alcohol-drinking-via-interacting-with-corticotropin-releasing-factor-receptors-1-and-2-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502313/preventing-binge-drinking-in-adolescents
#8
Reiner Hanewinkel, Samuel Tomczyk, Michaela Goecke, Barbara Isensee
BACKGROUND: In a survey taken in Germany in 2015, 14.1% of the 12- to 17-year-olds surveyed had practiced binge drinking at least once in the preceding 30 days. The school program "Klar bleiben" ("Keep a Clear Head") was designed for and implemented among 10th graders. The participants committed themselves to abstain from binge drinking for 9 weeks. We studied whether this intervention influenced the frequency and intensity of binge drinking. METHODS: This cluster-randomized controlled trial was carried out in 196 classes of 61 schools, with a total of 4163 participants with a mean age of 15...
April 21, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501394/-changes-in-hazardous-drinking-in-spanish-adolescent-population-in-the-last-decade-2004-2013-using-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-design
#9
Alejandro Pérez-Milena, Manuel de Dios Redondo-Olmedilla, María Luz Martínez-Fernández, Idoia Jiménez-Pulido, Inmaculada Mesa-Gallardo, Francisco Javier Leal-Helmling
OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in hazardous drinking in adolescents in the last decade, as well as their motivations and experiences. DESIGN: Firstly, a descriptive design using a self-report questionnaire, and secondly an explanatory qualitative design, with video recordings of discussion groups with content analysis (coding, triangulation of categories and verification of results). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pupils from an urban High School, administering a questionnaire every 3 years from 2004 to 2013...
May 10, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500620/relationship-between-disordered-eating-and-self-identified-sexual-minority-youth-in-a-sample-of-public-high-school-adolescents
#10
Keith J Zullig, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Robert F Valois
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between selected disordered eating behaviors and self-reported sexual minority status (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) among a representative sample of high school adolescents. METHODS: The 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored Connecticut Youth Risk Behavior Survey was utilized (N = 2242). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses, separated by gender, examined sexual minority adolescents (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) and selected eating behaviors...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499085/simultaneous-oxidation-and-sequestration-of-as-iii-from-water-by-using-redox-polymer-based-fe-iii-oxide-nanocomposite
#11
Xiaolin Zhang, Mengfei Wu, Hao Dong, Hongchao Li, Bing-Cai Pan
Water decontamination from As(III) is an urgent but still challenging task. Herein, we fabricated a bifunctional nanocomposite HFO@PS-Cl for highly efficient removal of As(III), with active chlorine covalently binding spherical polystyrene host for in situ oxidation of As(III) to As(V), and Fe(III) hydroxide (HFO) nanoparticles (NPs) embedded inside for specific As(V) removal. HFO@PS-Cl could work effectively in a wide pH range (5-9), and other ubiquitous anions like sulfate, chloride, bicarbonate, and silicate exert insignificant effect on As(III) removal...
May 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498341/replication-of-high-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-prevalence-rates-child-characteristics-and-maternal-risk-factors-in-a-second-sample-of-rural-communities-in-south-africa
#12
Philip A May, Marlene M De Vries, Anna-Susan Marais, Wendy O Kalberg, David Buckley, Colleen M Adnams, Julie M Hasken, Barbara Tabachnick, Luther K Robinson, Melanie A Manning, Heidre Bezuidenhout, Margaret P Adam, Kenneth L Jones, Soraya Seedat, Charles D H Parry, H Eugene Hoyme
Background: Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and total fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were studied in a second sample of three South African rural communities to assess change. Methods: Active case ascertainment focused on children with height, weight and/or head circumference ≤25th centile and randomly-selected children. Final diagnoses were based on dysmorphology, neurobehavioral scores, and maternal risk interviews. Results: Cardinal facial features, head circumference, and total dysmorphology scores differentiated specific FASD diagnostic categories in a somewhat linear fashion but all FASD traits were significantly worse than those of randomly-selected controls...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495220/other-tobacco-product-use-among-sexual-minority-young-adult-bar-patrons
#13
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals smoke at rates 1.5-2 times higher than the general population, but less is known about LGB consumption of other tobacco products (OTPs) and gender differences. OTP use among young adult LGB bar patrons and the relationship among past quit attempts, intention to quit, and binge drinking with OTP use was examined. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of young adults (aged 18-26) in bars/nightclubs in seven U...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494647/which-dimensions-of-impulsivity-are-related-to-problematic-practice-of-physical-exercise
#14
Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Lucia Romo, Laurence Kern
Background and aims Problematic practice of physical exercise (PPPE) has been suggested to be a behavioral addiction. Impulsivity represents a core dimension of behavioral addictions. However, little is known about impulsivity facets in PPPE. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of impulsivity facets in PPPE. Methods A total of 684 students (between 18 and 25 years) took part in this study and filled up a battery of questionnaire, which consisted of following measures - Global Physical Activity Questionnaire, Exercise Dependence Scale - Revised, and the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494414/relationship-violence-victimization-and-binge-drinking-trajectories-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#15
Kate Walsh, Angela M Moreland, Rochelle F Hanson, Heidi S Resnick, Benjamin E Saunders, Dean G Kilpatrick
The present study evaluated the impact of relationship violence (RV) victimization on the longitudinal trajectory of binge drinking (BD) among 3614 US adolescents (51.2% male) who participated in an initial telephone interview regarding physical and sexual RV victimization and binge drinking. Two follow-up phone interviews were completed over approximately three years. Multilevel modeling revealed small, but significant, increases in BD over time; older adolescents and those who had ever experienced RV victimization were more likely to report BD at Wave 1 compared to younger adolescents and non-victims...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494384/attentional-blink-to-alcohol-cues-in-binge-drinkers-versus-non-binge-drinkers
#16
Francesco M DePalma, Natalie Ceballos, Reiko Graham
Previous studies have shown alcohol-related attentional biases in social drinkers; however, the temporal dynamics of these biases are not well understood. The current study examined this issue in 94 participants (27 male) categorized as binge drinkers (BD) or non-binge drinkers (NBD). Two versions of an alcohol-related attentional blink (AB) paradigm were used: one with words and one with images. It was predicted that BDs (versus NBDs) would exhibit reduced AB for alcohol cues, which would be enhanced for the pictorial version of the task (versus words)...
April 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493857/current-and-binge-drinking-among-high-school-students-united-states-1991-2015
#17
Marissa B Esser, Heather Clayton, Zewditu Demissie, Dafna Kanny, Robert D Brewer
Excessive drinking accounted for approximately 4,300 deaths each year among persons aged <21 years during 2006-2010,* and underage drinking cost the United States $24.3 billion in 2010 (1). CDC analyzed data from the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) for the years 1991-2015 to examine trends in drinking by U.S. high school students, and from the 2015 YRBS to assess the usual source of alcohol consumed(†) and binge drinking intensity (i.e., the average number of drinks consumed per binge drinking occasion)...
May 12, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487944/bortezomib-protects-against-dextran-sulfate-sodium%C3%A2-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-mice
#18
Li-Hong Hu, Yu-Jing Fan, Qing Li, Jing-Ming Guan, Bo Qu, Feng-Hua Pei, Bing-Rong Liu
Bortezomib, a first‑in‑class proteasome inhibitor, is a standard method of treatment in multiple myeloma. In the present study, the therapeutic effect of bortezomib was evaluated in an ulcerative colitis model induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice, and the mechanism of action was also investigated. Mice were administered with 3% DSS drinking water for 7 consecutive days and then they were intraperitoneally treated with bortezomib (0.2, 0.6 or 1 mg/kg) for 1, 3 or 7 days. Mice in the control group and the DSS group were provided the same volume of PBS, respectively...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487255/disruption-of-adolescents-circadian-clock-the-vicious-circle-of-media-use-exposure-to-light-at-night-sleep-loss-and-risk-behaviors
#19
Yvan Touitou, David Touitou, Alain Reinberg
Although sleep is a key element in adolescent development, teens are spending increasing amounts of time online with health risks related to excessive use of electronic media (computers, smartphones, tablets, consoles…) negatively associated with daytime functioning and sleep outcomes. Adolescent sleep becomes irregular, shortened and delayed in relation with later sleep onset and early waking time due to early school starting times on weekdays which results in rhythm desynchronization and sleep loss. In addition, exposure of adolescents to the numerous electronic devices prior to bedtime has become a great concern because LEDs emit much more blue light than white incandescent bulbs and compact fluorescent bulbs and have therefore a greater impact on the biological clock...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486582/binge-drinking-modifies-the-association-between-lifetime-alcohol-intake-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-moderate-drinkers
#20
Alexandra J White, Lisa A DeRoo, Clarice R Weinberg, Dale P Sandler
The prevalence of binge drinking is rising in the United States. While alcohol is a breast cancer risk factor, less is known about the impact of episodic heavy drinking. Breast cancer-free women, ages 35-74, were enrolled in the Sister Study from 2003-2009 (n = 50,884). United States or Puerto Rico residents who had a sister with breast cancer were eligible. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for breast cancer. 1,843 invasive breast cancers were diagnosed during follow-up (mean = 6...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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