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Binge Drinking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323502/head-injury-and-substance-use-in-young-adults
#1
Lisa A Kort-Butler
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest a link between head injuries and substance use but do not routinely capture mechanisms connecting the two. OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to explore whether past head injuries predicted current substance use among young adults, taking factors such as stress, self-esteem, temper, and risk-taking into consideration. METHODS: Data were drawn from a web-based survey conducted in 2014 and 2015 at a public university in the United States (n = 897)...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319751/spirituality-religiosity-substance-use-and-hiv-testing-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Adam W Carrico, Erik David Storholm, Annesa Flentje, Emily A Arnold, Lance M Pollack, Torsten B Neilands, Gregory M Rebchook, John L Peterson, Agatha Eke, Wayne Johnson, Susan M Kegeles
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religiosity may serve as both a resource and a barrier to HIV prevention with young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). We examined indices of spirituality/religiosity as correlates of binge drinking, stimulant use, and recent HIV testing in a sample of YBMSM. METHODS: From 2011-2013, annual venue-based surveys of sexually active YBMSM ages 18-29 were conducted in Dallas and Houston, Texas. Binge drinking and stimulant use were assessed in the past two months...
March 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317212/binge-drinking-and-family-history-of-alcoholism-are-associated-with-an-altered-developmental-trajectory-of-impulsive-choice-across-adolescence
#3
Scott A Jones, Joel S Steele, Bonnie J Nagel
AIMS: To test whether binge drinking, the density of familial alcoholism (FHD), and their interaction are associated with an altered developmental trajectory of impulsive choice across adolescence, and whether more lifetime drinks is associated with a greater change in impulsive choice across age. DESIGN: Alcohol-naïve adolescents, with varying degrees of FHD, were recruited as part of an ongoing longitudinal study on adolescent development, and were grouped based on whether they remained non-drinkers (n = 83) or initiated binge drinking (n = 33) during follow-up...
March 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302012/targeting-npy-crf-ucns-and-nps-neuropeptide-systems-to-treat-alcohol-use-disorder-aud
#4
Francisco David Rodriguez, Rafael Coveñas
BACKGROUND: The term Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) incorporates different states of disease related to the recurrent use of alcohol and linked to the relevant impairment, disability and failure to perform major responsibilities in different realms. Many neurotransmitter systems are involved in the phases or states of alcoholism from reward mechanisms, associated to binge intoxication, to stress and anxiety linked to relapse and withdrawal. Some neuropeptides play a key function in the control of anxiety and stress, and establish a close relationship with the pathological mechanisms underlying alcohol addiction...
March 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300490/stability-of-a-binge-drinking-model-with-delay
#5
Hai-Feng Huo, Yong-Lan Chen, Hong Xiang
A more realistic binge drinking model with time delay is introduced. Time delay is used to represent the time lag of the immunity against drinking in our model. For the model without the time delay, using Routh-Hurwitz criterion, we obtain that the alcohol-free equilibrium is locally asymptotically stable if [Formula: see text]. We also obtain that the unique alcohol-present equilibrium is locally asymptotically stable if [Formula: see text]. For the model with time delay, the local stability of all the equilibria is derived...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298882/generation-of-a-movement-scheme-for-positive-training
#6
Lin Liu, Le Xie, Yun-Yong Shi, Bing-Chen An
Rehabilitation robots have been demonstrated to be an efficient tool in the field of rehabilitation training. Meanwhile, there are varieties of tasks designed for motion training. These tasks need to be transmitted to motion data for rehabilitation robots. In this paper, we designed a drinking task and captured the motion data as the ground truth, through sensors of an exoskeleton device named Neo-Arm. To verify the effectiveness of Neo-Arm, we used a Vicon system to capture the same motion task without Neo-Arm for comparison...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295794/alcohol-and-disadvantaged-men-a-feasibility-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone
#7
Iain K Crombie, Linda Irvine, Donald W Falconer, Brian Williams, Ian W Ricketts, Claire Jones, Gerry Humphris, John Norrie, Peter Slane, Peter Rice
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Disadvantaged men suffer substantial harm from heavy drinking. This feasibility study developed and evaluated the methods for a trial of a brief intervention delivered by text messages to disadvantaged men. It aimed to test the methods for recruitment and retention, to monitor engagement with the intervention and assess the overall acceptability of study methods. DESIGN AND METHODS: Disadvantaged men aged 25-44 years who had ≥2 episodes of binge drinking (≥8 units in one session) in the preceding month were recruited...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291777/adolescent-but-not-adult-ethanol-binge-drinking-modulates-cocaine-withdrawal-symptoms-in-mice
#8
Juan Carlos Ledesma, Maria A Aguilar, Pablo Giménez-Gómez, José Miñarro, Marta Rodríguez-Arias
BACKGROUND: Ethanol (EtOH) binge drinking is an increasingly common behavior among teenagers that induces long-lasting neurobehavioral alterations in adulthood. An early history of EtOH abuse during adolescence is highly correlated with cocaine addiction in adulthood. Abstinence of cocaine abuse can cause psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety, psychosis, depression, and cognitive impairments. This study assessed the consequences of adolescent exposure to EtOH on the behavioral alterations promoted by cocaine withdrawal in adulthood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290218/the-association-between-adolescent-risk-behaviours-and-feelings-of-sadness-or-hopelessness-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-south-african-secondary-school-learners
#9
Shamagonam James, Sasiragha Priscilla Reddy, Afzal Ellahebokus, Ronel Sewpaul, Pamela Naidoo
Poor mental health in adolescents has shown associations with engagement in other risk behaviours. However, evidence of this association in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly South Africa, is lacking. This study examines the associations between pertinent risk behaviours and feelings of sadness or hopelessness amongst a nationally representative sample of South African school going adolescents. Data was analysed from the South African Youth Risk Behaviour Survey 2011 (n=10,997), a cross-sectional national survey among grades 8-11 school learners...
March 14, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287799/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-personalized-normative-feedback-alcohol-intervention-for-young-adult-veterans
#10
Eric R Pedersen, Layla Parast, Grant N Marshall, Terry L Schell, Clayton Neighbors
OBJECTIVE: Young-adult American veterans are at risk for problematic alcohol use. However, they are unlikely to seek care and may drop out from lengthy, multicomponent treatments when they do get care. This randomized controlled trial tested a very brief alcohol intervention delivered over the Internet to reach the population of young-adult veterans to help reduce their drinking. METHOD: Veterans (N = 784) were recruited from Facebook and randomized to either a control condition or a personalized normative feedback (PNF) intervention seeking to correct drinking perceptions of gender-specific veteran peers...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285434/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hazardous-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-across-the-us-in-the-current-era-of-antiretroviral-treatment
#11
Heidi M Crane, Mary E McCaul, Geetanjali Chander, Heidi Hutton, Robin M Nance, Joseph A C Delaney, Joseph O Merrill, Bryan Lau, Kenneth H Mayer, Michael J Mugavero, Matthew Mimiaga, James H Willig, Greer A Burkholder, Daniel R Drozd, Rob J Fredericksen, Karen Cropsey, Richard D Moore, Jane M Simoni, W Christopher Mathews, Joseph J Eron, Sonia Napravnik, Katerina Christopoulos, Elvin Geng, Michael S Saag, Mari M Kitahata
Hazardous alcohol use is associated with detrimental health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). We examined the prevalence and factors associated with hazardous alcohol use in the current era using several hazardous drinking definitions and binge drinking defined as ≥5 drinks for men versus ≥4 for women. We included 8567 PLWH from 7 U.S. sites from 2013 to 2015. Current hazardous alcohol use was reported by 27% and 34% reported binge drinking. In adjusted analyses, current and past cocaine/crack (odd ratio [OR] 4...
March 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283972/hepatic-transcriptomic-responses-in-mice-exposed-to-arsenic-and-different-fat-diet
#12
Hui Hou, Yue Yu, Zhuoyan Shen, Su Liu, Bing Wu
Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) or a high-fat diet (HFD) can produce liver injury. However, effects of HFD on risk assessment of iAs in drinking water are unclear. In this study, we examined how HFD and iAs interact to alter iAs-induced liver injury in C57BL/6 mice. Mice fed low-fat diet (LFD) or HFD were exposed to 3 mg/L iAs or deionized water for 10 weeks. Results showed that HFD changed intake and excretion of iAs by mice. Then, HFD increased the amount of iAs-induced hepatic DNA damage and amplified changes in pathways related to cell death and growth, signal transduction, lipid metabolism, and insulin signaling...
March 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282524/effectiveness-of-a-selective-alcohol-prevention-program-targeting-personality-risk-factors-results-of-interaction-analyses
#13
Jeroen Lammers, Ferry Goossens, Patricia Conrod, Rutger Engels, Reinout W Wiers, Marloes Kleinjan
AIM: To explore whether specific groups of adolescents (i.e., scoring high on personality risk traits, having a lower education level, or being male) benefit more from the Preventure intervention with regard to curbing their drinking behaviour. DESIGN: A clustered randomized controlled trial, with participants randomly assigned to a 2-session coping skills intervention or a control no-intervention condition. SETTING: Fifteen secondary schools throughout The Netherlands; 7 schools in the intervention and 8 schools in the control condition...
February 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282416/impact-of-level-and-patterns-of-alcohol-drinking-on-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-burden-in-argentina
#14
Ariel Esteban Bardach, Joaquín Enzo Caporale, Adolfo Luis Rubinstein, Goodarz Danaei
BACKGROUND: Deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are expected to increase in Latin America. Moderate and regular alcohol consumption confers cardiovascular protection, while binge drinking increases risk. We estimated the effects of alcohol use on the number of annual CHD and stroke deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Argentina. METHODS: Alcohol use data were obtained from a nationally representative survey (EnPreCosp 2011), and etiological effect sizes from meta-analyses of epidemiological studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281881/alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-or-breastfeeding-a-national-survey-in-france
#15
Agnès Dumas, Stéphanie Toutain, Laurence Simmat-Durand
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects are associated with alcohol drinking during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Data are lacking on the size of the population at risk and on the characteristics of women engaging in risky behaviors such as daily consumption or repeated binge drinking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out by telephone among a nationally representative sample of pregnant and postpartum women. Frequency of alcohol use and binge drinking was retrospectively measured according to distinct time periods...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278227/do-children-born-to-teenage-parents-have-lower-adult-intelligence-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#16
Mohsina Khatun, Abdullah Al Mamun, James Scott, Gail M William, Alexandra Clavarino, Jake M Najman
Teenage motherhood has been associated with a wide variety of negative offspring outcomes including poorer cognitive development. In the context of limitations of previous research, this paper assesses the contemporary relevance of this finding. In this study we investigate the long-term cognitive status (IQ) among 21 year adult offspring born to teenage parents using the Mater University Study of Pregnancy- a prospective birth cohort study, which recruited all pregnant mothers attending a large obstetrical hospital in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1983...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277410/epidemic-adolescent-binge-drinking-at-lollapalooza-a-music-festival-in-chicago
#17
Sarah E McAndrew, Tracie L Smith, Elizabeth Groothuis, Lindsay R Koressel, Sharon M Unti, Elizabeth C Powell, Robert R Tanz
OBJECTIVES: Lollapalooza (LP) is an annual 3-day outdoor music festival in Chicago. Underage drinking and drug use are believed to be common, but the burden on emergency departments (EDs) has not been documented. We assessed the burden on health care resources associated with this music festival. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of adolescent (aged 11-20 years) ED visits during LP weekend and 4 summer comparison weekends at Lurie Children's Hospital in Chicago, Ill, in 2014 (n = 356)...
March 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277356/pregnancy-intention-and-maternal-alcohol-consumption
#18
Jason Pryor, Stephen W Patrick, Alexandra C Sundermann, Pingsheng Wu, Katherine E Hartmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether women planning a pregnancy are less likely to use alcohol in early pregnancy than those with unintended pregnancies. METHODS: Right From the Start (2000-2012) is a prospective, community-based pregnancy cohort. Maternal demographic, reproductive, and behavioral data were collected in telephone interviews at enrollment (mean±standard deviation 48±13 days of gestation) and later in the first trimester (mean±standard deviation 85±21 days of gestation)...
March 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276826/lifetime-drinking-history-in-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-disease-and-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder-without-liver-disease
#19
Jon Kristinn Nielsen, Sigurdur Olafsson, Ottar M Bergmann, Valgerdur Runarsdottir, Ingunn Hansdottir, Ragna Sigurdardottir, Einar S Björnsson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the differences in lifetime alcohol intake (LAI) and drinking patterns between patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) without notable liver injury and between males and females with ALD. METHODS: Alcohol drinking patterns were assessed using the Lifetime Drinking History (LDH) a validated questionnaire, during an outpatient visit. Patients with AUD, currently in addiction treatment, were matched for gender and age (±5 years) with the ALD group...
February 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276137/binge-drinking-and-the-risk-of-liver-events-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Fredrik Åberg, Jaana Helenius-Hietala, Pauli Puukka, Antti Jula
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Binge drinking or heavy episodic drinking is increasingly prevalent, but the health effects are incompletely understood. We investigated whether binge drinking increases the risk for liver disease above the risk due to average alcohol consumption. METHODS: 6366 subjects without baseline liver disease who participated in the Finnish population-based Health 2000 Study (2000-2001), a nationally representative cohort. Follow-up data from national registers until 2013 were analysed for liver-related admissions, mortality, and liver cancer...
March 9, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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