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Romain Grandchamp, Arnaud Delorme
Recent theoretical and technological advances in neuroimaging techniques now allow brain electrical activity to be recorded using affordable and user-friendly equipment for nonscientist end-users. An increasing number of educators and artists have begun using electroencephalogram (EEG) to control multimedia and live artistic contents. In this paper, we introduce a new concept based on brain computer interface (BCI) technologies: the Brainarium. The Brainarium is a new pedagogical and artistic tool, which can deliver and illustrate scientific knowledge, as well as a new framework for scientific exploration...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Ali Alawieh, Jing Zhao, Wuwei Feng
Neurological disorders are a major cause of chronic disability globally among which stroke is a leading cause of chronic disability. The advances in the medical management of stroke patients over the past decade have significantly reduced mortality, but at the same time increased numbers of disabled survivors. Unfortunately, this reduction in mortality was not paralleled by satisfactory therapeutics and rehabilitation strategies that can improve functional recovery of patients. Motor recovery after brain injury is a complex, dynamic, and multifactorial process in which an interplay among genetic, pathophysiologic, sociodemographic and therapeutic factors determines the overall recovery trajectory...
August 13, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
David V Nelson, Mary Lee Esty
Pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments for cancer-related fatigue (CRF) have produced mixed and often disappointing results. Treatment using the Flexyx Neurotherapy System (FNS), a novel variant of electroencephalograph biofeedback that involves minutely pulsed electromagnetic (EM) stimulation of brainwave functioning, was explored to determine utility for alleviating CRF in a 45-year-old woman who had debilitating fatigue with onset during chemotherapy for stage II infiltrating right breast cancer, who had been free of signs of disease for over five years, and who had been struggling to increase her activity level and engage in regular exercise without benefit...
July 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Yahya E Choonara, Pradeep Kumar, Girish Modi, Viness Pillay
INTRODUCTION: Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) represent intricate challenges for efficient uptake and transport of drugs to the brain mainly due to the restrictive blood-brain barrier (BBB). NDs are characterized by the loss of neuronal subtypes as sporadic and/or familial and several mechanisms of neurodegeneration have been identified. AREAS COVERED: This review attempts to recap, organize and concisely evaluate the advanced drug delivery systems designed for treating common NDs...
July 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
David V Nelson, Mary Lee Esty
Previous report suggested the beneficial effects of an adaptation of the Flexyx Neurotherapy System (FNS) for the amelioration of mixed traumatic brain injury/post-traumatic stress symptoms in veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. As a novel variant of electroencephalograph biofeedback, FNS falls within the bioenergy domain of complementary and alternative medicine. Rather than learning voluntary control over the production/inhibition of brain wave patterns, FNS involves offsetting stimulation of brain wave activity by means of an external energy source, specifically, the conduction of electromagnetic energy stimulation via the connecting electroencephalograph cables...
October 2015: Military Medicine
David V Nelson, Mary Lee Esty
BACKGROUND: Chronic headache following traumatic brain injury (TBI) sustained in military service, while common, is highly challenging to treat with existing pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions and may be complicated by co-morbid posttraumatic stress. Recently, a novel form of brainwave-based intervention known as the Flexyx Neurotherapy System (FNS) that involves minute pulses of electromagnetic energy stimulation of brainwave activity has been suggested as a means to address symptoms of TBI...
2015: Military Medical Research
Marzena Chantsoulis, Andrzej Mirski, Anna Rasmus, Juri D Kropotov, Maria Pachalska
The aim of this review is to discuss the basic forms of neuropsychological rehabilitation for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). More broadly, we discussed cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) which constitutes a fundamental component in therapeutic interaction at many centres worldwide. Equally presented is a comprehensive model of rehabilitation, the fundamental component of which is CRT. It should be noted that the principles of this approach first arose in Poland in the 1970s, in other words, several decades before their appearance in other programmemes...
2015: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Sarah E Beck, Suzanne E Queen, Kenneth W Witwer, Kelly A Metcalf Pate, Lisa M Mangus, Lucio Gama, Robert J Adams, Janice E Clements, M Christine Zink, Joseph L Mankowski
HIV-induced damage to the CNS remains a major challenge for over 30 million people in the world despite the successes of combined antiretroviral therapy in limiting viral replication. Predicting development and progression of HIV-associated CNS disease is crucial because prevention and early intervention could be more effective than attempts to promote repair. The SIV/macaque model is the premier platform to study HIV neuropathogenesis, including discovery of predictive factors such as neuroprotective host genes and both blood and CSF biomarkers that precede and predict development of SIV CNS disease...
July 15, 2015: European Journal of Pharmacology
Joseph R Berger, Dennis Choi, Henry J Kaminski, Mark F Gordon, Orest Hurko, O'Neill D'Cruz, Samuel J Pleasure, Eva L Feldman
This is a critical time in neurotherapeutics. The prevalence of neurological disease, such as dementia, stroke, and peripheral neuropathy, is large and growing consequent to the aging population. The personal and societal impact of these disorders is enormous, and the number of novel therapies in the pipeline for these disorders has been contracting. Support for the development of neurotherapies must continue from the bench to their ultimate place at the bedside. Academic medicine must continue to play a critical role, in league with industry and government, in the development of novel neurotherapies desperately needed by an ever-expanding population...
September 2013: Annals of Neurology
Maria L Blefari, James Sulzer, Marie-Claude Hepp-Reymond, Spyros Kollias, Roger Gassert
Motor imagery (MI) has shown effectiveness in enhancing motor performance. This may be due to the common neural mechanisms underlying MI and motor execution (ME). The main region of the ME network, the primary motor cortex (M1), has been consistently linked to motor performance. However, the activation of M1 during motor imagery is controversial, which may account for inconsistent rehabilitation therapy outcomes using MI. Here, we examined the relationship between contralateral M1 (cM1) activation during MI and changes in sensorimotor performance...
2015: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
John E Munoz, Luis H Rios, Oscar A Henao
The application of rehabilitation programs based on videogames with brain-computer interfaces (BCI) allows to provide feedback to the user with the expectation of stimulate the brain plasticity that will restore the motor control. The use of specific mental strategies such as Motor Imagery (MI) in neuroscientific experiments with BCI systems often requires the acquisition of sophisticated interfaces and specialized software for execution, which usually have a high implementation costs. We present a combination of low-cost hardware and open-source software for the implementation of videogame based on virtual reality with MI and its potential use as neurotherapy for stroke patients...
2014: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Marek Graczyk, Maria Pąchalska, Artur Ziółkowski, Grzegorz Mańko, Beata Łukaszewska, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Andrzej Mirski, Iurii D Kropotov
AIM: One of the applications of the Neurofeedback methodology is peak performance in sport. The protocols of the neurofeedback are usually based on an assessment of the spectral parameters of spontaneous EEG in resting state conditions. The aim of the paper was to study whether the intensive neurofeedback training of a well-functioning Olympic athlete who has lost his performance confidence after injury in sport, could change the brain functioning reflected in changes in spontaneous EEG and event related potentials (ERPs)...
2014: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Estate M Sokhadze, Ayman S El-Baz, Allan Tasman, Lonnie L Sears, Yao Wang, Eva V Lamina, Manuel F Casanova
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction, language, stereotyped behaviors, and restricted range of interests. In previous studies low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been used, with positive behavioral and electrophysiological results, for the experimental treatment in ASD. In this study we combined prefrontal rTMS sessions with electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback (NFB) to prolong and reinforce TMS-induced EEG changes...
December 2014: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Katya Rubia, Analucía A Alegría, Helen Brinson
AIM: To review the magnetic resonance imaging findings in child and adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). DEVELOPMENT: Studies have shown that ADHD is characterised by multiple functional and structural neural network abnormalities including most prominently fronto-striatal, but also fronto-parieto-temporal, fronto-cerebellar and even fronto-limbic networks. Evidence from longitudinal structural imaging studies has shown that ADHD is characterised by a delay in structural brain maturation...
February 24, 2014: Revista de Neurologia
M Raad, E Nohra, N Chams, M Itani, F Talih, S Mondello, F Kobeissy
Despite the debilitating consequences and the widespread prevalence of brain trauma insults including spinal cord injury (SCI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI), there are currently few effective therapies for most of brain trauma sequelae. As a consequence, there has been a major quest for identifying better diagnostic tools, predictive models, and directed neurotherapeutic strategies in assessing brain trauma. Among the hallmark features of brain injury pathology is the central nervous systems' (CNS) abnormal activation of the immune response post-injury...
December 5, 2014: Neuroscience
Tarek H Mouhieddine, Firas H Kobeissy, Muhieddine Itani, Amaly Nokkari, Kevin K W Wang
The prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases and neural injury disorders is increasing worldwide. Research is now focusing on improving current neurogenesis techniques including neural stem cell therapy and other biochemical drug-based approaches to ameliorate these disorders. Unfortunately, we are still facing many obstacles that are rendering current neurotherapies ineffective in clinical trials for reasons that are yet to be discovered. That is why we should start by fully understanding the complex mechanisms of neurogenesis and the factors that affect it, or else, all our suggested therapies would fail since they would not be targeting the essence of the neurological disorder but rather the symptoms...
May 1, 2014: Neural Regeneration Research
Andrew J Whittle, Jessica Walsh, Luis de Lecea
Millions of people worldwide suffer from diseases that result from a failure of central pathways to regulate behavioral and physiological processes. Advances in genetics and pharmacology have already allowed us to appreciate that rather than this dysregulation being systemic throughout the brain, it is usually rooted in specific subsets of dysfunctional cells within discrete neurological circuits. This article discusses the advent of opto- and chemogenetic tools and how they are providing the means to dissect these circuits with a degree of temporal and spatial sensitivity not previously possible...
September 2014: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Poppy L A Schoenberg, Anthony S David
Biofeedback potentially provides non-invasive, effective psychophysiological interventions for psychiatric disorders. The encompassing purpose of this review was to establish how biofeedback interventions have been used to treat select psychiatric disorders [anxiety, autistic spectrum disorders, depression, dissociation, eating disorders, schizophrenia and psychoses] to date and provide a useful reference for consultation by clinicians and researchers planning to administer a biofeedback treatment. A systematic search of EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and WOK databases and hand searches in Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, and Journal of Neurotherapy, identified 227 articles; 63 of which are included within this review...
June 2014: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Katya Rubia, Analucia Alegria, Helen Brinson
A plethora of magnetic resonance imaging studies have shown that ADHD is characterized by multiple functional and structural neural network abnormalities beyond the classical fronto-striatal model, including fronto-parieto-temporal, fronto-cerebellar and even fronto-limbic networks. There is evidence for a maturational delay in brain structure development which likely extends to brain function and structural and functional connectivity, but this needs corroboration by longitudinal imaging studies. Dysfunction of the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex seems to be more pronounced relative to other pediatric disorders and is also the most consistent target of acute psychostimulant medication...
May 2014: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
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1950: Albrecht Von Graefe's Archiv Für Ophthalmologie
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