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Lymph edema surgery

Yuka Inoue, Nami Yamashita, Eriko Tokunaga, Kimihiro Tanaka, Hiroki Ueo, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
We herein report a case of locally advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer that achieved a pathological complete response (pCR) with pertuzumab, trastuzumab and docetaxel therapy. A 70-year-old female presented with an elastic hard mass, 5.0 cm in diameter with broad redness and edema of the skin in her right breast. Swollen lymph nodes were also recognized in the right axilla. The pathological diagnosis was invasive ductal carcinoma and its biological character was estrogen receptor (ER)-negative, progesterone receptor (PgR)-negative, HER2 3+ and Ki-67 index 60%...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
Chikara Ebisui, Rie Hamano, Yoichiro Nushijima, Tetsu Yanagisawa, Shu Okamura, Nariaki Fukuchi, Kohei Murata, Hideoki Yokouchi, Masakatsu Kinuta, Kazuhito Ohishi
A 49-year-old woman presented to our hospital complaining of abdominal distension and right thigh edema 6 years and 7 months after undergoing total gastrectomy for early gastric cancer in December 2008. The histopathological type of the tumor was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The pathological findings led to a diagnosis of T1aN2M0, Stage II A disease. In August 2015, abdominal CT and MRI revealed para-aortic lymph node swelling, ascites, and a tumor on the right femoral muscles. We performed a needle biopsy of the femoral muscle, and the final diagnosis was intramuscular metastasis from the primary gastric cancer...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Daisuke Ujiie, Kotaro Miyamoto, Hisashi Onozawa, Nobuhiro Hoshi, Koichi Nakayama, Kojiro Urazumi, Seiichi Takenoshita, Takashi Kusakabe
Primary malignant melanoma of the gallbladder is a rare disease, and 37 cases have been reported in the literature.The current patient was a 78-year-old man who was admitted with a pelvic tumor and left leg edema due to compression of the external iliac vein by the pelvic tumor.The edema improved following resection of the tumor, which was diagnosed at pathology as a malignant melanoma.After surgery, the patient became anorexic and complained of discomfort in the upper right abdomen.A whole body FDG-PET scan demonstrated significant uptake in the gallbladder and in the lymph nodes of the lower abdomen...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Daisuke Iwasaki, Yuhei Yamamoto, Naoki Murao, Akihiko Oyama, Emi Funayama, Hiroshi Furukawa
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of secondary lymphedema remains poorly understood. This study aimed to establish a consistent mouse hindlimb lymphedema model for further investigation of the mechanism and treatment of lymphedema. METHODS: The authors developed a novel postsurgical lymphedema model in the mouse hindlimb by modifying previously described methods. Lymphedema in the hindlimb was created by removing both the inguinal and popliteal lymph nodes together with the surrounding fat pads, followed by silicone splint placement in the inguinal region...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Stefano Gentileschi, Maria Servillo, Giorgia Garganese, Simona Fragomeni, Francesca De Bonis, Alessandro Cina, Giovanni Scambia, Marzia Salgarello
OBJECTIVE: Groin dissection is the procedure with the highest risk of lower limb lymphedema.As lymph stasis causes irreversible alterations to the limb over time,therapies should be administered in early stages,or better yet, lymphatic drainage impairment should be prevented.We developed a new preventive approach to lymphedema after groin dissection, and we report our preliminary experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 5 patients undergoing bilateral groin dissection for vulvar cancer...
December 17, 2016: Microsurgery
Harm Winters, Hanneke J P Tielemans, Dietmar J O Ulrich
In this case report we describe the use of a 2-stage approach to treat severe recurrent vulvar lymphangiectasia in a patient with Noonan syndrome. First, 3 functional lymphatic vessels were identified and anastomosed to venules in an end-to-end fashion. Then, in a second surgical procedure, the vulvar lesions were resected as much as possible and the vulva was reconstructed. By the 12-month follow-up the patient had recovered well. Although there were still some small vesicles on the left labia there was no more ooze, itch, and pain...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Satoshi Onoda, Kiyoshi Yamada, Kumiko Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Kimata
Background To date, only a few reports have been published on idiopathic lymphedema, and most of these are case reports. In this time, we performed a retrospective review of idiopathic lymphedema patients. Methods Forty patients presented with idiopathic lymphedema that was unrelated to surgery, injury, and medical conditions such as circulatory disease, kidney disease, and thrombotic venous disease. For these patients, we performed a retrospective review for edema-onset age, sex, location and stage of the edema, presence of cellulitis, episode related to edema onset, therapeutic intervention, and follow-up duration in the 33 patients whom we followed up...
January 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Shinsuke Akita, Rikiya Nakamura, Naohito Yamamoto, Hideki Tokumoto, Tatsuya Ishigaki, Yoshihisa Yamaji, Yoshitaro Sasahara, Yoshitaka Kubota, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Kaneshige Satoh
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity edema following surgical treatment for breast cancer does not always result in chronic breast cancer-related lymphedema. Changes in the findings of indocyanine green lymphography and upper extremity volume following breast cancer surgery were observed prospectively to understand the early changes in lymphatic function and to establish a new strategy for early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer-related lymphedema. METHODS: Lymphatic function for 196 consecutive breasts was examined using indocyanine green lymphography and bilateral upper extremity volume before surgery and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Vincenzo Picardi, Gabriella Macchia, Alessandra Guido, Lucia Giaccherini, Francesco Deodato, Andrea Farioli, Savino Cilla, Gaetano Compagnone, Andrea Ardizzoni, Dajana Cuicchi, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Francesco Cellini, Giovanni Frezza, Gilberto Poggioli, Vincenzo Valentini, Lorenzo Fuccio, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and toxicity of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)-simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in preoperative combined treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: Radiation therapy was performed using the VMAT-SIB technique. The dose to mesorectum and pelvic lymph nodes was 45 Gy (1.8 Gy/fraction). A concomitant boost was delivered on GTV + 2-cm margin with a total dose of 57.5 Gy (2.3 Gy/fraction)...
March 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Epameinondas Gousopoulos, Steven T Proulx, Jeannette Scholl, Maja Uecker, Michael Detmar
Lymphedema is a common complication that occurs after breast cancer treatment in up to 30% of the patients undergoing surgical lymph node excision. It is associated with tissue swelling, fibrosis, increased risk of infection, and impaired wound healing. Despite the pronounced clinical manifestations of the disease, little is known about the morphological and functional characteristics of the lymphatic vasculature during the course of lymphedema progression. We used an experimental murine tail lymphedema model where sustained fluid stasis was generated on disruption of lymphatic flow, resulting in chronic edema formation with fibrosis and adipose tissue deposition...
August 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Frederic Pastouret, David Beckwee, Sigrid Van Laere, Lucia Cardozo, Jan Lamote, Patricia Kranskens, Pierre Lievens
BACKGROUND: Axillary nodes dissection (AND) is an important risk factor for the appearance of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). The anatomy and pathophysiology leading to the development of BCRL after AND are not completely understood. Despite the existence of lymphedema models after AND, none of them were able to create lymphedemas without additional chemical inflammatory drugs or auxiliary physical techniques (radiotherapy). In this study, we aimed to describe the anatomical changes of AND on a rat's front leg before and after a new surgery technique...
September 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Francesco Boccardo, Mario Valenzano, Sergio Costantini, Federico Casabona, Matteo Morotti, Paolo Sala, Franco De Cian, Lidia Molinari, Stefano Spinaci, Sara Dessalvi, Corrado Cesare Campisi, Giuseppe Villa, Corradino Campisi
BACKGROUND: Inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy carries a high risk of lower limb lymphedema. This report describes the feasibility of performing multiple lymphatic-venous anastomoses (MLVA) after inguinofemoral lymph node completion (LYMPHA technique) and the possible benefit of LYMPHA for preventing lymphedema. METHODS: Between February, 2011 and October, 2014, 11 patients with vulvar cancer and 16 patients with melanoma of the trunk requiring inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy underwent lymph node dissection and the LYMPHA technique...
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Jie Zhang, Chuan Wang
Axillary lymph node dissection is standard management of axilla in invasive breast cancer. Radiotherapy also is important in local treatment. It is controversial as to whether axillary radiotherapy can displace axillary lymph node dissection. We performed a meta-analysis comparing axillary radiotherapy with axillary dissection. No significant difference was observed for disease free survival and overall survival between the radiation group and the dissection group. There was also no significant difference in either the axillary recurrence or the local recurrence between the two groups...
May 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ling Wang, Hui-Ping Li, An-Nuo Liu, De-Bin Wang, Ya-Juan Yang, Yan-Qin Duan, Qing-Na Zhang
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema (LE) is recognized as a common complication after axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Numerous studies have attempted to identify risk factors for LE. However, it is difficult to predict the probability of LE for an individual patient. The purpose of this study was to construct a scoring system for predicting the probability of LE after ALND for Chinese breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 358 breast cancer patients were surveyed and followed for 12 months...
February 2016: Breast Care
Munetaka Takekuma, Yuka Kasamatsu, Nobuhiro Kado, Shiho Kuji, Aki Tanaka, Nobutaka Takahashi, Masakazu Abe, Yasuyuki Hirashima
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of chemotherapy (CT) compared with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) after radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy in high-risk patients with early-stage cervical cancer and to evaluate whether the radicality of the lymphadenectomy would affect the outcome and toxicity of postoperative adjuvant therapy. METHODS: The cases of all patients (n = 393) with FIGO IB1-IIB cervical cancer who were treated by radical surgery at Shizuoka Cancer Center between January 2002 and December 2013 were reviewed...
August 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Sergio Armando Zapata-Bonilla, Roberto López Vargas, Aldo Alfonso Scherling-Ocampo, Ana Lilia Morales Leyte, Liliana García Ilizaliturri
A previously healthy, immunocompetent 67-year-old female presented with a one-month history of general symptoms, weight loss, night fevers, and bilateral lower extremity edema. On admission she had severe anemia, acute kidney injury, and multiple lymphadenopathies. An excisional biopsy of one of the axillary lymphadenopathies confirmed hyaline-vascular Castleman's disease. This rare disease is a polyclonal lymphoproliferative disorder that affects the normal lymph node architecture. According to its location it can be divided in unicentric (localized) or multicentric disease; it can be further divided according to histopathology in hyaline-vascular or plasmatic cells variety...
September 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
Aman Opneja, Sonia Mahajan, Sargam Kapoor, Shanthi Marur, Steve Hoseong Yang, Rebecca Manno
Introduction. Cutaneous paraneoplastic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of skin manifestations that occur in relation to many known malignancies. Paraneoplastic occurrence of SCLE has been noted but is not commonly reported. SCLE association with cholangiocarcinoma is rare. Case Presentation. A 72-year-old man with a history of extrahepatic stage IV cholangiocarcinoma presented with a pruritic rash. Cholangiocarcinoma had been diagnosed three years earlier and was treated. Five months after interruption of his chemotherapy due to a semiurgent surgery, he presented with explosive onset of a new pruritic rash, arthralgias, and lower extremity edema...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
Yasunao Kogashiwa, Hiroyuki Sakurai, Yoshihiro Akimoto, Dai Sato, Tetsuya Ikeda, Yoshifumi Matsumoto, Yorihisa Moro, Toru Kimura, Yasuhiro Hamanoue, Takehiro Nakamura, Koichi Yamauchi, Koichiro Saito, Masashi Sugasawa, Naoyuki Kohno
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node navigation surgery is gaining popularity in oral cancer. We assessed application of sentinel lymph node navigation surgery to pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers by evaluating the combination of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and indocyanine green fluorescence in animal models. METHODS: This was a prospective, nonrandomized, experimental study in rabbit and swine animal models. A mixture of indocyanine green and Sonazoid was used as the tracer...
2015: PloS One
Masataka Uehara, Shinya Kokuryo, Masaaki Sasaguri, Kazuhiro Tominaga
PURPOSE: This report describes a case that required emergency cricothyroidotomy for an upper airway obstruction owing to laryngeal edema after asynchronous bilateral neck dissections. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 57-year-old man was diagnosed with multicentric squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (T1 and 2N0M0), and partial glossectomy with primary closure was performed. Three months after surgery, secondary metastases in the right cervical lymph nodes were detected, and a right radical neck dissection was performed...
October 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Se Ik Kim, Myong Cheol Lim, Jeong Seon Lee, Yeon-Joo Kim, Sang-Soo Seo, Sokbom Kang, Chong Woo Yoo, Byung-Ho Nam, Joo-Young Kim, Seung Hyun Chung, Sang-Yoon Park
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the clinical manifestations of lower extremity edema (LEE) in locally advanced cervical cancer patients treated with two different strategies. METHODS: In total, 79 cervical cancer survivors with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB2-IIB were included. Six survivors with stage IB1 and who had been suspicious for lymph node metastasis on pretreatment image also were included. Forty-two patients received radiotherapy after pretreatment laparoscopic surgical staging (Group 1), and 43 patients received primary radiotherapy (Group 2)...
January 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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