keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Flaxseed

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108729/comparative-omega-3-fatty-acid-enrichment-of-egg-yolks-from-first-cycle-laying-hens-fed-flaxseed-oil-or-ground-flaxseed
#1
I J Ehr, M E Persia, E A Bobeck
When laying hen diets are enriched with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to generate value-added eggs for human consumption markets, concentrations of alpha-linolenic (ALA), eicosapentaenoic (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) in the yolk can reach 250 mg/50 g whole egg. Flaxseed, a rich source of ALA, is commonly used for omega-3 enrichment; however, the impact of dietary flaxseed source (extracted oil vs. milled seed) on fatty acid transfer to egg yolk in laying hens is unknown. Therefore, transfer of ALA, EPA, and DHA into egg yolk from extracted flaxseed oil or milled flaxseed was evaluated in Hy-Line W-36 laying hens over an 8-week feeding period (25 to 33 wk old)...
January 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101573/combining-doxorubicin-with-a-phenolic-extract-from-flaxseed-oil-evaluation-of-the-effect-on-two-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#2
Eliana Guerriero, Angela Sorice, Francesca Capone, Gabriella Storti, Giovanni Colonna, Gennaro Ciliberto, Susan Costantini
Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed forms of cancer and different treatments are used to block its progression. However, it still represents a very common cause of death in women. Doxorubicin (Dox) is reported as an effective agent in breast cancer treatment nonetheless it induces many side‑effects. For this reason, many laboratories are engaged in understanding how it is possible to decrease the drug concentration, considering that one of the possible solutions is to use drug synergy, combining it with natural substances...
February 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092821/efficacy-of-vacuum-steam-pasteurization-for-inactivation-of-salmonella-pt-30-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-enterococcus-faecium-on-low-moisture-foods
#3
Manoj K Shah, Gladys Asa, Julie Sherwood, Kari Graber, Teresa M Bergholz
Low moisture foods such as nuts, spices, and seeds have been implicated in several outbreaks due to Salmonella or E. coli O157:H7 contamination. Such foods may be consumed raw, and can be used as ingredients in other food products. While numerous thermal inactivation studies have been conducted for Salmonella on nuts, studies on other seeds and grains are minimal. Product water activity can influence the thermal resistance of pathogens, where thermal resistance increases as water activity decreases, leading to a requirement for higher temperatures and longer exposure times to achieve significant reduction of pathogen numbers...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074943/the-influence-of-flaxseed-gum-on-the-microrheological-properties-and-physicochemical-stability-of-whey-protein-stabilized-%C3%AE-carotene-emulsions
#4
Duoxia Xu, Yameng Qi, Xu Wang, Xin Li, Shaojia Wang, Yanping Cao, Chengtao Wang, Baoguo Sun, Eric Decker, Atikorn Panya
The impact of flaxseed gum (FG) on the microrheological properties and physicochemical stability of whey protein isolate (WPI) stabilized β-carotene emulsions at pH 3.0 was studied. A layer-by-layer electrostatic deposition method was used to prepare multilayered β-carotene emulsions with interfacial membranes consisting of WPI and FG. The microrheological behavior of the multilayered β-carotene emulsions was measured through the diffusive wave spectroscopy technique. WPI alone and WPI-FG (concentration of FG = 0...
January 11, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068967/enterolactone-alters-fak-src-signaling-and-suppresses-migration-and-invasion-of-lung-cancer-cell-lines
#5
Shireen Chikara, Kaitlin Lindsey, Pawel Borowicz, Melpo Christofidou-Solomidou, Katie M Reindl
BACKGROUND: Systemic toxicity of chemotherapeutic agents and the challenges associated with targeting metastatic tumors are limiting factors for current lung cancer therapeutic approaches. To address these issues, plant-derived bioactive components have been investigated for their anti-cancer properties because many of these agents are non-toxic to healthy tissues. Enterolactone (EL) is a flaxseed-derived mammalian lignan that has demonstrated anti-migratory properties for various cancers, but EL has not been investigated in the context of lung cancer, and its anticancer mechanisms are ill-defined...
January 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064494/influence-of-protein-phenolic-complex-on-the-antioxidant-capacity-of-flaxseed-linum-usitatissimum-l-products
#6
Fernanda Guimarães Drummond E Silva, Beatriz Miralles, Blanca Hernández-Ledesma, Lourdes Amigo, Amadeu Hoshi Iglesias, Felix Guillermo Reyes Reyes, Flavia Maria Netto
The impact of the naturally present phenolic compounds and/or proteins on the antioxidant capacity of flaxseed products (phenolic fraction, protein concentrates, and hydrolysates) before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion was studied. For that, whole and phenolic reduced products were assessed. Four glycosylated phenolic compounds (secoisolariciresinol and ferulic, p-coumaric, and caffeic acids) were identified in flaxseed products. Phenolic fraction exerts the highest antioxidant capacity that increased by alkaline hydrolysis and by simulated gastrointestinal digestion...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046153/energy-content-and-amino-acid-digestibility-of-flaxseed-expellers-fed-to-growing-pigs
#7
Y F Chen, F Wu, P L Li, Z Q Lyu, L Liu, M B Lyu, F L Wang, C H Lai
This study was conducted to determine the DE and ME as well as the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA in flaxseed expellers fed to growing pigs. In Exp. 1, the DE and ME were determined using 66 crossbred growing pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire; 54.2 ± 2.3 kg BW) fed 1 of 11 diets in a completely randomized design. The diets included a corn-soybean meal basal diet and 10 experimental diets containing 29.16% flaxseed expellers supplemented at the expense of corn and soybean meal...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998066/secoisolariciresinol-diglucoside-and-cyanogenic-glycosides-in-gluten-free-bread-fortified-with-flaxseed-meal
#8
Youn Young Shim, Clara M Olivia, Jun Liu, Rineke Boonen, Jianheng Shen, Martin J T Reaney
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) meal contains cyanogenic glycosides (CGs) and the lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (1). Gluten-free (GF) doughs and baked goods were produced with added flaxseed meal (20%, w/w) then 1, and CGs were determined in fortified flour, dough, and bread with storage (0, 1, 2, and 4 weeks) at different temperatures (-18, 4, and 22-23 °C). 1 was present in flour, dough, and GF bread after baking. 1 was stable with extensive storage (up to 4 weeks) and was not affected by storage temperature...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990659/oxidative-stability-of-sesame-and-flaxseed-oils-and-their-effects-on-morphometric-and-biochemical-parameters-in-an-animal-model
#9
Priscila S Figueiredo, Camila J Candido, Jeandre As Jaques, Ângela A Nunes, Anderson Rl Caires, Flávio Santana Michels, Jeeser A Almeida, Wander Fo Filiú, Priscila A Hiane, Valter A Nascimento, Octavio L Franco, Rita Ca Guimarães
BACKGROUND: Sesame and flaxseed oils, which are rich in essential n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, are widely consumed. We have determined the optical behavior with the quality and identity of cold-pressed sesame and flaxseed oils. The effects of these oils and their combinations on metabolic parameters in animal models were also measured. RESULTS: Flaxseed oil emitted carotenoid fluorescence (500-650 nm), but it was more unstable than sesame oil, which had a larger induction period by the Rancimat method...
December 18, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979166/pretreatment-of-flaxseed-protein-isolate-by-high-hydrostatic-pressure-impacts-on-protein-structure-enzymatic-hydrolysis-and-final-hydrolysate-antioxidant-capacities
#10
Véronique Perreault, Loïc Hénaux, Laurent Bazinet, Alain Doyen
The effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on flaxseed protein structure and peptide profiles, obtained after protein hydrolysis, was investigated. Isolated flaxseed protein (1%, m/v) was subjected to HHP (600MPa, 5min or 20min at 20°C) prior to hydrolysis with trypsin only and trypsin-pronase. The results demonstrated that HHP treatment induced dissociation of flaxseed proteins and generated higher molecular weight aggregates as a function of processing duration. Fluorescence spectroscopy showed that HHP treatment, as well as processing duration, had an impact on flaxseed protein structure since exposition of hydrophobic amino acid tyrosine was modified...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941179/flaxseed-oil-supplementation-manipulates-correlations-between-serum-individual-mol-free-fatty-acid-levels-and-insulin-resistance-in-type-2-diabetics-insulin-resistance-and-percent-remaining-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-function-are-unaffected
#11
D E Barre, K A Mizier-Barre, O Griscti, K Hafez
OBJECTIVES: Elevated total serum free fatty acids (FFAs) concentrations have been suggested, controversially, to enhance insulin resistance and decrease percent remaining β-cell function. However, concentrations of individual serum FFAs have never been published in terms of their relationship (correlation) to homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and percent remaining β-cell function (HOMA-%β) in the type 2 diabetics (T2Ds). Alpha-linolenic acid consumption has a negative correlation with the insulin resistance, which in turn is negatively correlated with the remaining β-cell function...
October 1, 2016: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917190/laser-microdissection-and-spatiotemporal-pinoresinol-lariciresinol-reductase-gene-expression-assign-the-cell-layer-specific-accumulation-of-secoisolariciresinol-diglucoside-in-flaxseed-coats
#12
Jingjing Fang, Aïna Ramsay, Sullivan Renouard, Christophe Hano, Frédéric Lamblin, Brigitte Chabbert, François Mesnard, Bernd Schneider
The concentration of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) found in flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) is higher than that found in any other plant. It exists in flaxseed coats as an SDG-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid oligomer complex. A laser microdissection method was applied to harvest material from different cell layers of seed coats of mature and developing flaxseed to detect the cell-layer specific localization of SDG in flaxseed; NMR and HPLC were used to identify and quantify SDG in dissected cell layers after alkaline hydrolysis...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914517/effect-of-flaxseed-oil-and-microalgae-dha-on-the-production-performance-fatty-acids-and-total-lipids-of-egg-yolk-and-plasma-in-laying-hens
#13
M Neijat, O Ojekudo, J D House
The incorporation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the egg is dependent on both the transfer efficiency of preformed dietary omega-3 fatty acids to the eggs as well as endogenous PUFA metabolism and deposition. Employing an experimental design consisting of 70 Lohmann LSL-Classic hens (n=10/treatment) in a 6-week feeding trial, we examined the impact of graded levels of either flaxseed oil (alpha-linolenic acid, ALA) or algal DHA (preformed docosahexaenoic acid, DHA), each supplying 0.20%, 0...
December 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904615/the-effect-of-flaxseed-powder-on-insulin-resistance-indices-and-blood-pressure-in-prediabetic-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Afrooz Javidi, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ali Dehghani, Mohammad Hassan Eftekhari
BACKGROUND: Designing the effective and early interventions can prevent progression of prediabetes to diabetes. Few studies have shown the effect of flaxseed on glycemic control. This study aimed to assess the effect of flaxseed powder on insulin resistance (IR) indices and blood pressure in prediabetic individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 99 prediabetic individuals were randomly divided into three groups: two groups received 40 g (FG40) and 20 g (FG20) flaxseed powder daily for 12 weeks and the third group was the control (CG)...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904000/effects-of-flaxseed-oil-on-serum-lipids-and-lipoproteins-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Maryam Mirfatahi, Hadi Tabibi, Alireza Nasrollahi, Mehdi Hedayati
INTRODUCTION: One of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease is lipid abnormalities among hemodialysis patients. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of flaxseed oil consumption on serum lipids and lipoproteins in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized double-blinded controlled trial, 34 hemodialysis patients were assigned to either the flaxseed oil or the control group. The patients in the flaxseed oil group received 6 g/d of flaxseed oil for 8 weeks, whereas the control group received 6 g/d of medium chain triglycerides oil...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885786/effects-of-flaxseed-oil-on-blood-hepcidin-and-hematologic-factors-in-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Hadi Tabibi, Maryam Mirfatahi, Mehdi Hedayati, Alireza Nasrollahi
Introduction In hemodialysis (HD) patients, one of the common complications is renal anemia. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of flaxseed oil consumption on blood hepcidin and hematologic factors in HD patients. Methods In this randomized, double-blind, clinical trial, 38 HD patients were randomly assigned to either the flaxseed oil or the control group. The patients in the flaxseed oil group received 6 g/d flaxseed oil for 8 wk, whereas the control group received 6 g/d medium chain triglycerides (MCT) oil...
November 25, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881297/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-e-co-supplementation-on-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes
#17
Mehri Jamilian, Shahrzad Hashemi Dizaji, Fereshteh Bahmani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Maryam Karamali, Maryam Akbari, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVES: Limited data are available for assessing the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic profiles and pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes (GDM). This study was designed to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on biomarkers of oxidative stress, inflammation and pregnancy outcomes in women with GDM. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in 60 patients with GDM who were not taking oral hypoglycemic agents...
November 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876207/aglycone-rich-extracts-of-phytoestrogens-cause-ros-mediated-dna-damage-in-breast-carcinoma-cells
#18
Shreelekha Dutta, Aparna Khanna
Phytoestrogens are known for their physiological role in lowering risk of osteoporosis, heart disease, breast cancer and menopausal symptoms. They are plant derived potent anti-oxidants, but tend to show pro-oxidant effect at higher concentrations. This study has been undertaken to exploit their pro-oxidant effect in the management of cancer. Cancer cells inherently possess high intracellular ROS levels, however, these levels do not cause harm to the cancer cells because of the anti-oxidant enzyme system. So, there is a need for a treatment strategy which could modulate the ROS levels...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849354/the-treatment-effects-of-flaxseed-derived-secoisolariciresinol-diglycoside-and-its-metabolite-enterolactone-on-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-involve-the-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-1
#19
Guan-Yu Ren, Chun-Yang Chen, Wei-Guo Chen, Ya Huang, Li-Qiang Qin, Li-Hua Chen
Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), a lignan extracted from flaxseed, has been shown to suppress benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, little is known about the mechanistic basis for its anti-BPH activity. The present study showed that enterolactone (ENL), the mammalian metabolite of SDG, shared the similar binding site of G1 on a new type of membranous estrogen receptor, G-protein-coupled estrogen eceptor 1 (GPER), by docking simulations method. ENL and G1 (the specific agonist of GPER) inhibited the proliferation of human prostate stromal cell line WPMY-1 as shown by MTT assay and arrested cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, which was displayed by propidium iodide staining following flow cytometer examination...
December 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819481/characterization-of-klebsiella-sp-strain-s1-a-bacterial-producer-of-secoisolariciresinol-through-biotransformation
#20
Yu-Jie Zhou, Songling Zhu, Dong-Hui Yang, Dan-Dan Zhao, Jia-Jing Li, Shu-Lin Liu
Secoisolariciresinol (SECO) is a lignan of potential therapeutic value for diseases such as cancer, but its use has been limited by the lack of ideal production methods, even though its precursors are abundant in plants, such as flaxseeds. Here, we report the characterization of a bacterial strain, S1, isolated from the human intestinal flora, which could produce secoisolariciresinol by biotransformation of precursors in defatted flaxseeds. This bacterium was a Gram-negative and facultatively anaerobic straight rod without capsules...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
keyword
keyword
69347
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"