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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817082/omega-3-long-chain-fatty-acids-in-the-heart-kidney-liver-and-plasma-metabolite-profiles-of-australian-prime-lambs-supplemented-with-pelleted-canola-and-flaxseed-oils
#1
Don V Nguyen, Van H Le, Quang V Nguyen, Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Peter D Nichols, Aduli E O Malau-Aduli
The objective of the study was to ascertain whether human health beneficial omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LC-PUFA) content in heart, kidney and liver can be enhanced by supplementing prime lambs with graded levels of canola and flaxseed oil. Health status of the lambs, as a consequence of the supplementation, was also investigated by examining their plasma metabolites. Sixty purebred and first-cross lambs were allocated to one of five treatments of lucerne hay basal diet supplemented with isocaloric and isonitrogenous wheat-based pellets without oil inclusion (Control) or graded levels of canola oil at 2...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801523/dietary-modulation-of-oxylipins-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-aging
#2
Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Mihir Parikh, Aleksandra Stamenkovic, Grant N Pierce, Harold M Aukema
Oxylipins are a group of fatty acid metabolites generated via oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and are involved in processes such as inflammation, immunity, pain, vascular tone and coagulation. As a result, oxylipins are implicated in many conditions characterized by these processes including cardiovascular disease and aging. The best characterized oxylipins in relation to cardiovascular disease are derived from the ω-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid. These oxylipins generally increase inflammation, hypertension and platelet aggregation, although not universally...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780087/short-communication-the-mammalian-lignan-enterolactone-is-absorbed-by-newborn-dairy-calves-fed-enterolactone-enriched-milk
#3
C P Ghedini, N L Whitehouse, D C Moura, A S Oliveira, A F Brito
Flaxseed is the richest source of the plant lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, which is converted to the mammalian lignans enterolactone (EL) and enterodiol by the gut microbiota of ruminants and humans. Enterolactone has been associated with improved animal and human health due to its antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. The objective of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of EL in newborn dairy calves fed milk replacer or EL-enriched milk. We hypothesized that newborn Holstein calves fed EL-enriched milk would have greater area under the curve and plasma concentration of EL compared with those fed milk replacer...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750220/effects-of-medicinal-food-plants-on-impaired-glucose-tolerance-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
A Demmers, H Korthout, F S van Etten-Jamaludin, F Kortekaas, J M Maaskant
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to assess available scientific data on the efficacy and safety of medicinal food plants for the treatment of impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a minimum follow-up period of 6weeks. The diagnosis was determined by fasting plasma glucose values after two-hour oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT). Two authors independently extracted data and evaluated bias...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727078/flaxseed-meal-and-oat-hulls-supplementation-modulates-growth-performance-blood-lipids-intestinal-fermentation-bile-acids-and-neutral-sterols-in-growing-pigs-fed-corn-soybean-meal-based-diets
#5
S P Ndou, E Kiarie, S J Thandapilly, M C Walsh, N Ames, C M Nyachoti
The present study was conducted to determine the effect of flaxseed meal and oat hulls supplementation on growth performance, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of fat, serum lipids, and concentrations of VFA, bile acids (BA), and neutral sterols (NS) in digesta and feces in growing pigs. Forty-eight Genesus [(Duroc boar × Yorkshire-Landrace sows] barrows (25.0 ± 0.32 kg initial BW) were housed in pairs. Pigs were assigned to 1 of the 3 corn-soybean meal-based diets-a basal corn-soybean meal-containing diet (control), a flaxseed meal-containing diet (FM), or an oat hulls-containing diet (OH)-in a completely randomized design...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724475/blood-profile-and-meat-quality-of-holstein-friesian-steers-finished-on-total-mixed-ration-or-flaxseed-oil-supplemented-pellet-mixed-with-reed-canary-grass-haylage
#6
D T Utama, S G Lee, K H Baek, W S Chung, I A Chung, D I Kim, G Y Kim, S K Lee
Holstein-Friesian steer beef production is renowned globally as a secondary product of the milk industry. Grass feeding is a common practice in raising Holstein steers because of its low cost. Furthermore, grass feeding is an alternative way to produce beef with a balanced n-6 to n-3 fatty acids (FAs) ratio. However, the performance and meat quality of Holstein-Friesian cattle is more likely to depend on a high-quality diet. The aim of this study was to observe whether feeding two mixed diets; a corn-based total mixed ration (TMR) with winter ryegrass (Lolium perenne) or flaxseed oil-supplemented pellets with reed canary grass haylage (n-3 mix) provided benefits on carcass weight, meat quality and FA composition compared with cattle fed with reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) haylage alone...
July 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720931/quality-attributes-of-dahi-prepared-from-milk-fortified-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-phytosterols-and-polydetxrose
#7
N Veena, B Surendra Nath, Bandla Srinivas, B V Balasubramanyam
In the present study, dahi prepared using milk fortified with omega-3 fatty acids (flaxseed oil), phytosterols and soluble fibre (polydextrose) through an oil-in-water emulsion was evaluated for the physico-chemical and sensory quality. The levels of fortificants in fortified dahi were also estimated. Fortification process did not affect the degree of fermentation in terms of pH and acidity. Sensory scores of fortified and control dahi did not differ significantly. Fortified dahi had lower viscosity, firmness and consistency, and higher water holding capacity (WHC) compared to control; however, significant differences were not observed in firmness and consistency values...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720470/molecular-docking-prediction-and-in-vitro-studies-elucidate-anti-cancer-activity-of-phytoestrogens
#8
Shreelekha Dutta, Prashant S Kharkar, Niteshkumar U Sahu, Aparna Khanna
AIM: The study is aimed at evaluating the chemosensitization and apoptotic effect of aglycone rich extracts of dietary phytoestrogens (derived from soybean and flaxseed) on estrogen receptor positive, MCF-7 and estrogen receptor negative, MDA-MB-231 cells. The extracts show potent activity on both the cell lines, hence, in silico studies have been carried out to find the possible reason for their activity. MAIN METHODS: MTT assay was carried to assess chemosensitization effect and activated caspase-3/7 activity was studied using flow-cytometry and western blotting...
July 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716357/clinical-and-metabolic-response-to-flaxseed-oil-omega-3-fatty-acids-supplementation-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcer-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Zahra Soleimani, Fatemeh Hashemdokht, Fereshteh Bahmani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: Data on the effects of flaxseed oil omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on wound healing and metabolic status in subjects with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of flaxseed oil omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on wound healing and metabolic status in subjects with DFU. METHODS: The current randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 subjects (aged 40-85years old) with grade 3 DFU...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687939/effects-of-different-fat-sources-saturated-and-unsaturated-on-reproductive-performance-and-biological-indices-of-ewes-during-flushing-period
#10
Amir Hossein Asgari Safdar, Ali Asghar Sadeghi, Mohammad Chamani
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding different sources of fat during flushing period on the reproductive performance, lambing percent, and twin numbers of Afshari ewes. A total of 84 ewes (mean weight 48 ± 3 kg; age: 3-4 years) were divided into seven groups of 12 animals and received flushing-specific rations for 5 weeks. The control group just received a basic ration (non-flushing). Lipid sources were calcium salt of palm oil (CaP), pure palm oil (PO), calcium salt of flaxseed (CaFL), calcium salt of sunflower oil (CaSF), flaxseed oil (FLO), and sunflower oil (SFO)...
July 7, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687388/flaxseed-gum-in-combination-with-lemongrass-essential-oil-as-an-effective-edible-coating-for-ready-to-eat-pomegranate-arils
#11
Basharat Yousuf, Abhaya Kumar Srivastava
Flaxseed gum (FSG) in combination with lemongrass essential oil (LGEO) was investigated for coating of ready-to-eat pomegranate arils. FSG was used at 0.3% and 0.6% concentrations and with both concentrations LGEO was incorporated at levels of 0ppm, 200ppm, 500ppm and 800ppm. Changes in headspace gases, physicochemical, microbiological and sensory attributes of pomegranate arils stored at 5°C were studied on different days of analysis during the 12day storage period. Coatings containing LGEO were effective in reducing total plate count and yeast and mold populations...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684702/phytosterols-from-dunaliella-tertiolecta-reduce-cell-proliferation-in-sheep-fed-flaxseed-during-post-partum
#12
Maria Giovanna Ciliberti, Matteo Francavilla, Simona Intini, Marzia Albenzio, Rosaria Marino, Antonella Santillo, Mariangela Caroprese
The post partum period is characterized by immunosuppression and increased disease susceptibility. Both phytosterols from microalga Dunaniella tertiolecta and dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) influence cell proliferation and cytokine release during inflammation. The objective of this paper was the evaluation of the effects of physterols, extracted and purified from D. tertiolecta, on the in vitro immune responses of ewes supplemented with flaxseed during post partum. Twenty Comisana parturient ewes were divided in two balanced groups, and supplemented with flaxseed (FS, 250 g/day) or fed with a conventional diet (CON)...
July 6, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665260/weight-changes-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-calorie-restricted-obese-mice-fed-high-fat-diets-containing-corn-or-flaxseed-oil-physiological-role-of-sugar-replacement-with-polyphenol-rich-grape
#13
Hastimansooreh Ansar, Negar Zamaninour, Abolghassem Djazayery, Hamideh Pishva, Mohammadreza Vafa, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Aydin Dilmaghanian, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Farzad Shidfar
OBJECTIVE: Because diet components are important during dieting in obesity treatment, we examined possible beneficial effects of substituting corn oil and sugar with flaxseed oil and grape in calorie-restricted high-fat diets on weight changes as well as improvement in some metabolic markers and related gene expression. METHODS: Seventy-five C57BL/6J male mice were given free access to a high-fat (36% of energy from fat) diet containing corn oil plus sugar (CO + S)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643574/stability-and-in-vitro-release-behaviour-of-encapsulated-omega-fatty-acid-rich-oils-in-lentil-protein-isolate-based-microcapsules
#14
C Chang, M T Nickerson
The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a lentil protein isolate-based microcapsule design as a platform for entrapping different types of omega fatty acid-rich oil (e.g. canola, fish and flaxseed oils) and to characterise differences in the physical properties (e.g. moisture content, water activity, colour, wettability, particle size, surface oil and entrapment efficiency), storage stability and in vitro release behaviour of the entrapped oils. All microcapsules displayed similar physical properties regardless of the core material...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635182/the-effect-of-flaxseed-supplementation-on-body-weight-and-body-composition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-45-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
M Mohammadi-Sartang, Z Mazloom, H Raeisi-Dehkordi, R Barati-Boldaji, N Bellissimo, J O Totosy de Zepetnek
Flaxseed consumption may be inversely associated with obesity; however, findings of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are conflicting. The present study aimed to systematically review and analyse RCTs assessing the effects of flaxseed consumption on body weight and body composition. PubMed, Medline via Ovid, SCOPUS, EMBASE and ISI Web of Sciences databases were searched up to November 2016. Mean changes in body composition indices including body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were extracted...
June 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619236/the-effect-of-isolated-soy-protein-adjunctive-with-flaxseed-oil-on-markers-of-inflammation-oxidative-stress-acute-phase-proteins-and-wound-healing-of-burn-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Siavash Babajafari, Masoumeh Akhlaghi, Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi, Mehdi Ayaz, Ali Noorafshan, Peyman Jafari, Abdollah Hojhabrimanesh
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to determine the effect of isolated soy protein (ISP) and flaxseed oil (FO) on inflammatory and oxidative stress indices, acute phase proteins, and wound healing of burn patients. METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight patients were assessed for eligibility in this randomized controlled trial. Of these, seventy-three eligible patients (total burn surface area 20-50%) were randomly assigned to 3 isocaloric groups, labeled as control (wheat flour+corn oil (CO)), ISP+FO, and ISP+CO, to receive these nutrients for 3 weeks...
June 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581555/investigation-of-mechanisms-involved-in-postprandial-glycemia-and-insulinemia-attenuation-with-dietary-fibre-consumption
#17
Nikolay Repin, Brittney A Kay, Steve W Cui, Amanda J Wright, Alison M Duncan, H Douglas Goff
This work examines the mechanisms involved in the attenuation of postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses associated with soluble dietary fibre (SDF) consumption. The effect of SDF, including yellow mustard mucilage, soluble flaxseed gum and fenugreek gum on in vitro amylolysis and maltose transport was studied. Furthermore, a human clinical trial was conducted to investigate the effect of SDF consumption on postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses and gastric emptying, as estimated based on the absorption of paracetamol...
June 1, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578030/behaviour-of-non-oxidized-and-oxidized-flaxseed-oils-as-models-of-omega-3-rich-lipids-during-in-vitro-digestion-occurrence-of-epoxidation-reactions
#18
Bárbara Nieva-Echevarría, Encarnación Goicoechea, María D Guillén
Fresh and partially oxidized flaxseed oil, as models of omega-3 rich lipids, were submitted to in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Hydrolysis level, lipid composition and oxidative status of the samples before and after digestion were studied by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ((1)H NMR) and Solid Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS). Although a great degree of lipolysis was reached in both kinds of samples after digestion, it was somewhat lower in the digests of oxidized flaxseed oil...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554628/effect-of-the-presence-of-protein-on-lipolysis-and-lipid-oxidation-occurring-during-in-vitro-digestion-of-highly-unsaturated-oils
#19
Bárbara Nieva-Echevarría, Encarnación Goicoechea, María D Guillén
The effect of the presence of ovalbumin and soy protein isolate on lipolysis and oxidation taking place during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of slightly oxidized sunflower and flaxseed oils was addressed. The extent of lipolysis, the molar proportions of acyl groups/fatty acids after digestion, and the oxidation products formed were studied by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. The presence of proteins provoked a higher hydrolysis in triglycerides, a lower decrease of polyunsaturated chains, and a lower generation of oxidation compounds (conjugated dienes in chains having also hydroperoxy/hydroxy groups, epoxides and aldehydes); the formation of hydroxides was clearly favoured over that of hydroperoxides...
November 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547181/sequential-feeding-of-lipid-supplement-enriches-beef-adipose-tissues-with-18-3n-3-biohydrogenation-intermediates
#20
P Vahmani, J L Aalhus, D C Rolland, T A McAllister, N Prieto, H C Block, S D Proctor, L L Guan, M E R Dugan
The present study was designed to determine if feeding steers extruded flaxseed and hay (25 and 75%; DM basis) together as a total mixed ration (TMR), or sequentially (non-TMR) would result in different enrichments of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and their biohydrogenation intermediates (BHI) in beef adipose tissues [subcutaneous (SC) vs perirenal (PR) fat]. Forty-eight Angus cross steers (325 ± 16 kg) were stratified by weight to six pens, and pens were randomized to either TMR or non-TMR and fed ad libitum for an average of 242 days...
May 25, 2017: Lipids
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