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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916975/flaxseed-oil-supplementation-improve-gene-expression-levels-of-ppar-%C3%AE-lp-a-il-1-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#1
Ali Akbar Hashemzadeh, Nikoo Nasoohi, Fariba Raygan, Esmat Aghadavod, Elmira Akbari, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
This study was carried out to determine the effects of flaxseed oil administration on gene expression levels related to insulin, lipid and inflammation in overweight diabetic patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 diabetic patients with CHD. Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups to intake either 1000 mg n-3 fatty acid from flaxseed oil containing 400 mg α-Linolenic acid [ALA (18:3n-3)] (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) twice a day for 12 weeks...
September 15, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891292/ruminal-biohydrogenation-kinetics-of-defatted-flaxseed-and-sunflower-is-affected-by-heat-treatment
#2
Saman Lashkari, Lone Hymøller, Soren Krogh Jensen
The effect of heat treatment on biohydrogenation of linoleic acid (LA) and linolenic acid (LNA) and formation of stearic acid (SA), cis-9, trans-11 conjugated LA (CLA), trans-10, cis-12 CLA and trans vaccenic acid (VA) was studied in in vitro incubations with diluted rumen fluid as inoculum and partly defatted flaxseed (DF) and partly defatted sunflower (DS) as test feeds. Feeds were heated in a laboratory oven at 110 °C for 0 (unheated), 45 or 90 min. Michaelis-Menten kinetics was applied for quantifying biohydrogenation rate...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880330/effect-of-mode-of-addition-of-flaxseed-oil-on-the-quality-characteristics-of-chicken-sausage-containing-vitamin-e-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-at-levels-to-support-a-health-claim
#3
Zara Bolger, Nigel P Brunton, Frank J Monahan
Vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids can be incorporated into meat products at levels supporting health claims of "protecting against oxidative stress" and "maintaining normal blood cholesterol levels", respectively. Chicken sausages were formulated to contain vitamin E (12 mg per 100 g) and flaxseed oil (2 g per 100 g) using different oil incorporation methods. The formulations were: (1) control (no oil); (2) oil; (3) emulsified oil; (4) freeze-dried encapsulated oil; (5) freeze-dried encapsulated oil with cross-linker genipin; (6) spray-dried encapsulated oil...
September 7, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880118/effects-of-flour-or-flaxseed-oil-upon-testis-mass-in-rats-subjected-to-early-weaning
#4
Carlos Alberto Soares da Costa, Bianca Ferolla da Camara Boueri, Carolina Ribeiro Pessanha, Gilson Teles Boaventura
Study evaluates testis mass in rats subjected to early weaning and subsequently nourished with diet containing flour or flaxseed oil. Pups were weaned for separation from mothers at 14 days (early weaning, EW) and 21 days (control, C). After 21 days, the control group (C60) was nourished with control diet. EW was divided as: control (EWC60), flaxseed flour (EWFF60) and flaxseed oil (EWFO60) group diets for the next 60 days. At 21st and 60th day, body mass, serum cholesterol and triglycerides and testis mass were evaluated...
September 7, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873701/encapsulation-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-nanoemulsions-and-microgels-impact-of-delivery-system-type-and-protein-addition-on-gastrointestinal-fate
#5
Fang Chen, Guang-Qin Fan, Zipei Zhang, Ruojie Zhang, Ze-Yuan Deng, David Julian McClements
Carefully designed delivery systems are required to encapsulate and protect omega-3 fatty acids in commercial food and beverage products, but then release them at the required site-of-action within the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Previously, we showed that the oxidative stability of flaxseed oil (a plant-based source of omega-3 fatty acids) encapsulated in nanoemulsion droplets or calcium alginate microgels (hydrogel beads) was improved using caseinate as a natural antioxidant. In this study, the impact of caseinate on the digestion of flaxseed oil encapsulated in these delivery systems was investigated using a simulated GIT...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833158/plant-growth-promoting-bacteria-elevate-the-nutritional-and-functional-properties-of-black-cumin-and-flaxseed-fixed-oil
#6
Snežana Dimitrijević, Marija Pavlović, Svetolik Maksimovic, Mihajlo Ristić, Vladimir Filipović, Dušan Antonović, Suzana Dimitrijević-Branković
BACKGROUND: In order to study the influence of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) belonging to the Streptomyces sp., Paenibacillus sp. and Hymenibacter sp, on fixed oil content of Flaxseed as well as Black cumin, a two years' field experiments were conducted. The PGPB was applied during seedtime of plants. The extraction of oil from seeds was performed with a CO2 supercritical extraction. RESULTS: The addition of PGPB significantly increase the content of C18:1 (from 16...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817082/omega-3-long-chain-fatty-acids-in-the-heart-kidney-liver-and-plasma-metabolite-profiles-of-australian-prime-lambs-supplemented-with-pelleted-canola-and-flaxseed-oils
#7
Don V Nguyen, Van H Le, Quang V Nguyen, Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Peter D Nichols, Aduli E O Malau-Aduli
The objective of the study was to ascertain whether human health beneficial omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LC-PUFA) content in heart, kidney and liver can be enhanced by supplementing prime lambs with graded levels of canola and flaxseed oil. Health status of the lambs, as a consequence of the supplementation, was also investigated by examining their plasma metabolites. Sixty purebred and first-cross lambs were allocated to one of five treatments of lucerne hay basal diet supplemented with isocaloric and isonitrogenous wheat-based pellets without oil inclusion (Control) or graded levels of canola oil at 2...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801523/dietary-modulation-of-oxylipins-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-aging
#8
Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Mihir Parikh, Aleksandra Stamenkovic, Grant N Pierce, Harold M Aukema
Oxylipins are a group of fatty acid metabolites generated via oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and are involved in processes such as inflammation, immunity, pain, vascular tone and coagulation. As a result, oxylipins are implicated in many conditions characterized by these processes including cardiovascular disease and aging. The best characterized oxylipins in relation to cardiovascular disease are derived from the ω-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid. These oxylipins generally increase inflammation, hypertension and platelet aggregation, although not universally...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780087/short-communication-the-mammalian-lignan-enterolactone-is-absorbed-by-newborn-dairy-calves-fed-enterolactone-enriched-milk
#9
C P Ghedini, N L Whitehouse, D C Moura, A S Oliveira, A F Brito
Flaxseed is the richest source of the plant lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, which is converted to the mammalian lignans enterolactone (EL) and enterodiol by the gut microbiota of ruminants and humans. Enterolactone has been associated with improved animal and human health due to its antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. The objective of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of EL in newborn dairy calves fed milk replacer or EL-enriched milk. We hypothesized that newborn Holstein calves fed EL-enriched milk would have greater area under the curve and plasma concentration of EL compared with those fed milk replacer...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750220/effects-of-medicinal-food-plants-on-impaired-glucose-tolerance-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
A Demmers, H Korthout, F S van Etten-Jamaludin, F Kortekaas, J M Maaskant
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to assess available scientific data on the efficacy and safety of medicinal food plants for the treatment of impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a minimum follow-up period of 6weeks. The diagnosis was determined by fasting plasma glucose values after two-hour oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT). Two authors independently extracted data and evaluated bias...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727078/flaxseed-meal-and-oat-hulls-supplementation-modulates-growth-performance-blood-lipids-intestinal-fermentation-bile-acids-and-neutral-sterols-in-growing-pigs-fed-corn-soybean-meal-based-diets
#11
S P Ndou, E Kiarie, S J Thandapilly, M C Walsh, N Ames, C M Nyachoti
The present study was conducted to determine the effect of flaxseed meal and oat hulls supplementation on growth performance, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of fat, serum lipids, and concentrations of VFA, bile acids (BA), and neutral sterols (NS) in digesta and feces in growing pigs. Forty-eight Genesus [(Duroc boar × Yorkshire-Landrace sows] barrows (25.0 ± 0.32 kg initial BW) were housed in pairs. Pigs were assigned to 1 of the 3 corn-soybean meal-based diets-a basal corn-soybean meal-containing diet (control), a flaxseed meal-containing diet (FM), or an oat hulls-containing diet (OH)-in a completely randomized design...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724475/blood-profile-and-meat-quality-of-holstein-friesian-steers-finished-on-total-mixed-ration-or-flaxseed-oil-supplemented-pellet-mixed-with-reed-canary-grass-haylage
#12
D T Utama, S G Lee, K H Baek, W S Chung, I A Chung, D I Kim, G Y Kim, S K Lee
Holstein-Friesian steer beef production is renowned globally as a secondary product of the milk industry. Grass feeding is a common practice in raising Holstein steers because of its low cost. Furthermore, grass feeding is an alternative way to produce beef with a balanced n-6 to n-3 fatty acids (FAs) ratio. However, the performance and meat quality of Holstein-Friesian cattle is more likely to depend on a high-quality diet. The aim of this study was to observe whether feeding two mixed diets; a corn-based total mixed ration (TMR) with winter ryegrass (Lolium perenne) or flaxseed oil-supplemented pellets with reed canary grass haylage (n-3 mix) provided benefits on carcass weight, meat quality and FA composition compared with cattle fed with reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) haylage alone...
July 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720931/quality-attributes-of-dahi-prepared-from-milk-fortified-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-phytosterols-and-polydetxrose
#13
N Veena, B Surendra Nath, Bandla Srinivas, B V Balasubramanyam
In the present study, dahi prepared using milk fortified with omega-3 fatty acids (flaxseed oil), phytosterols and soluble fibre (polydextrose) through an oil-in-water emulsion was evaluated for the physico-chemical and sensory quality. The levels of fortificants in fortified dahi were also estimated. Fortification process did not affect the degree of fermentation in terms of pH and acidity. Sensory scores of fortified and control dahi did not differ significantly. Fortified dahi had lower viscosity, firmness and consistency, and higher water holding capacity (WHC) compared to control; however, significant differences were not observed in firmness and consistency values...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720470/molecular-docking-prediction-and-in-vitro-studies-elucidate-anti-cancer-activity-of-phytoestrogens
#14
Shreelekha Dutta, Prashant S Kharkar, Niteshkumar U Sahu, Aparna Khanna
AIM: The study is aimed at evaluating the chemosensitization and apoptotic effect of aglycone rich extracts of dietary phytoestrogens (derived from soybean and flaxseed) on estrogen receptor positive, MCF-7 and estrogen receptor negative, MDA-MB-231 cells. The extracts show potent activity on both the cell lines, hence, in silico studies have been carried out to find the possible reason for their activity. MAIN METHODS: MTT assay was carried to assess chemosensitization effect and activated caspase-3/7 activity was studied using flow-cytometry and western blotting...
September 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716357/clinical-and-metabolic-response-to-flaxseed-oil-omega-3-fatty-acids-supplementation-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcer-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Zahra Soleimani, Fatemeh Hashemdokht, Fereshteh Bahmani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: Data on the effects of flaxseed oil omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on wound healing and metabolic status in subjects with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of flaxseed oil omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on wound healing and metabolic status in subjects with DFU. METHODS: The current randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 subjects (aged 40-85years old) with grade 3 DFU...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687939/effects-of-different-fat-sources-saturated-and-unsaturated-on-reproductive-performance-and-biological-indices-of-ewes-during-flushing-period
#16
Amir Hossein Asgari Safdar, Ali Asghar Sadeghi, Mohammad Chamani
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding different sources of fat during flushing period on the reproductive performance, lambing percent, and twin numbers of Afshari ewes. A total of 84 ewes (mean weight 48 ± 3 kg; age: 3-4 years) were divided into seven groups of 12 animals and received flushing-specific rations for 5 weeks. The control group just received a basic ration (non-flushing). Lipid sources were calcium salt of palm oil (CaP), pure palm oil (PO), calcium salt of flaxseed (CaFL), calcium salt of sunflower oil (CaSF), flaxseed oil (FLO), and sunflower oil (SFO)...
July 7, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687388/flaxseed-gum-in-combination-with-lemongrass-essential-oil-as-an-effective-edible-coating-for-ready-to-eat-pomegranate-arils
#17
Basharat Yousuf, Abhaya Kumar Srivastava
Flaxseed gum (FSG) in combination with lemongrass essential oil (LGEO) was investigated for coating of ready-to-eat pomegranate arils. FSG was used at 0.3% and 0.6% concentrations and with both concentrations LGEO was incorporated at levels of 0ppm, 200ppm, 500ppm and 800ppm. Changes in headspace gases, physicochemical, microbiological and sensory attributes of pomegranate arils stored at 5°C were studied on different days of analysis during the 12day storage period. Coatings containing LGEO were effective in reducing total plate count and yeast and mold populations...
November 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684702/phytosterols-from-dunaliella-tertiolecta-reduce-cell-proliferation-in-sheep-fed-flaxseed-during-post-partum
#18
Maria Giovanna Ciliberti, Matteo Francavilla, Simona Intini, Marzia Albenzio, Rosaria Marino, Antonella Santillo, Mariangela Caroprese
The post partum period is characterized by immunosuppression and increased disease susceptibility. Both phytosterols from microalga Dunaniella tertiolecta and dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) influence cell proliferation and cytokine release during inflammation. The objective of this paper was the evaluation of the effects of physterols, extracted and purified from D. tertiolecta, on the in vitro immune responses of ewes supplemented with flaxseed during post partum. Twenty Comisana parturient ewes were divided in two balanced groups, and supplemented with flaxseed (FS, 250 g/day) or fed with a conventional diet (CON)...
July 6, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665260/weight-changes-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-calorie-restricted-obese-mice-fed-high-fat-diets-containing-corn-or-flaxseed-oil-physiological-role-of-sugar-replacement-with-polyphenol-rich-grape
#19
Hastimansooreh Ansar, Negar Zamaninour, Abolghassem Djazayery, Hamideh Pishva, Mohammadreza Vafa, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Aydin Dilmaghanian, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Farzad Shidfar
OBJECTIVE: Because diet components are important during dieting in obesity treatment, we examined possible beneficial effects of substituting corn oil and sugar with flaxseed oil and grape in calorie-restricted high-fat diets on weight changes as well as improvement in some metabolic markers and related gene expression. METHODS: Seventy-five C57BL/6J male mice were given free access to a high-fat (36% of energy from fat) diet containing corn oil plus sugar (CO + S)...
August 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643574/stability-and-in-vitro-release-behaviour-of-encapsulated-omega-fatty-acid-rich-oils-in-lentil-protein-isolate-based-microcapsules
#20
C Chang, M T Nickerson
The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a lentil protein isolate-based microcapsule design as a platform for entrapping different types of omega fatty acid-rich oil (e.g. canola, fish and flaxseed oils) and to characterise differences in the physical properties (e.g. moisture content, water activity, colour, wettability, particle size, surface oil and entrapment efficiency), storage stability and in vitro release behaviour of the entrapped oils. All microcapsules displayed similar physical properties regardless of the core material...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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