Read by QxMD icon Read


Hyeon-Jeong Son, Kyung Bin Song
This study examined the antimicrobial activity of flaxseed meal extract (FME) against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated on red mustard. With the treatment of 0.7% FME for 3 min, the reduction levels of S. aureus and E. coli O157:H7 populations were 1.23 and 1.83 log CFU/g, respectively. In addition, the combined treatment of 0.7% FME at 50°C for 3 min reduced the populations of the pathogenic bacteria by 2.28 and 2.41 log CFU/g, respectively. Color and vitamin C content were not significantly different between treatments...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
Amanda B Longo, Wendy E Ward
Higher intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are associated with benefits at several skeletal sites in postmenopausal women and in rodent models, but the effect of PUFA-containing oils on tooth-supporting alveolar bone of the mandible has not been studied. Moreover, direct comparison of the effect of flaxseed oil (a source of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) and menhaden oil (a source of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) is unknown. One-month old female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 48) were randomized to and fed a diet containing flaxseed oil or menhaden oil from one to six months of age...
2016: Nutrients
Xue Du, Yali Liu, Lizhi Lu, Weiqun Wang, Tao Zeng, Yong Tian, Xiaoqin Xu, Jianliang Shen, Dong Niu, Yingru Lu
The effects of different dietary fats with variable levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on egg quality of Shan Partridge Duck, serum, and yolk lipid parameters were examined in this study. A flock of 585 optimal produced ducks were selected and diets enriched with 0.5%, 1%, or 2% fish oil (F)/flaxseed oil (FL)/rapeseed oil (R)/tallow (T) plus basal diet were supplied through a 28-d period. Supplemental fat source and fat level had no effects on egg qualities. Proportions of yolk total cholesterol (TC), saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) were reduced (P < 0...
September 24, 2016: Poultry Science
Aina Ramsay, Ophélie Fliniaux, Anthony Quéro, Roland Molinié, Hervé Demailly, Christophe Hano, Christian Paetz, Albrecht Roscher, Eric Grand, José Kovensky, Bernd Schneider, François Mesnard
The main flax lignan, secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, is stored in a macromolecule containing other ester-bound phenolic compounds. In this study, NMR and HPLC-UV analyses were performed on flaxseeds harvested at different developmental stages to identify and quantify the main phenolic compounds produced during seed development. Extraction was carried out with or without alkaline hydrolysis to determine if these molecules accumulate in the lignan macromolecule and/or in a free form. Monolignol glucosides accumulate in a free form up to 9...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Pramodkumar D Jadhav, Youn Young Shim, Martin J T Reaney
Bioactive flax cyclic peptides (orbitides, linusorbs) were site specifically ligated through methionine with bovine serum albumin (BSA) to produce immunogenic compounds. In this study, modified flaxseed immunosuppressant orbitides (linusorbs, LOs) containing hydroxyl (OH) groups were synthesized for use as haptens. These compounds were extensively characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, HPLC-MS/MS, and FTIR. The haptens were conjugated to BSA and the extent of hapten incorporation was determined by MALDI, LC-ESI-MS, and SDS-PAGE...
September 14, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Elham Rahmani, Mansooreh Samimi, Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Maryam Rahimi, Mehri Jamilian, Esmat Aghadavod, Fereshteh Bahmani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
This study was conducted to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on gene expression of lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), lipid profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was done on 68 women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria aged 18-40 years old. Participants were randomly assigned into two groups to receive either 1000 mg omega-3 fatty acids from flaxseed oil containing 400 mg α-Linolenic acid plus 400 IU vitamin E supplements (n = 34) or placebo (n = 34) for 12 weeks...
September 9, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
R M do Prado, M F Palin, I N do Prado, G T Dos Santos, C Benchaar, H V Petit
The response of transition dairy cows to dietary supplementation with fat sources of various fatty acid profiles could affect hepatic fat metabolism differently. Twenty-eight Holstein cows were blocked for similar calving date 4 wk before expected parturition to compare the effects of feeding sources of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids on milk production and composition, plasma metabolites, and liver parameters. Cows within each block were assigned to 1 of 3 isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets: control with a source of calcium salts of palm oil (MEG; 1...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Mariangela Caroprese, Maria Giovanna Ciliberti, Rosaria Marino, Antonella Santillo, Agostino Sevi, Marzia Albenzio
The research reported in this Research Communication was undertaken to evaluate the effects of different sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplemented in the diet on milk production and milk fatty acid profile of lactating ewes exposed to long term heat stress. The experiment was conducted during summer, involved 32 ewes divided into 4 groups of 8 each, and lasted 6 weeks. The ewes in all groups were fed twice daily and received 1·8 kg/d of oat hay and 1 kg/d of concentrate. Flaxseed group (FS) was supplemented with 250 g/d of whole flaxseed, Ascophyllum nodosum group (AG) was supplemented with 25 g/d of seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum, and the combination group (FS + AG) received both flaxseed and Ascophyllum nodosum supplementation...
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Research
Mariela Bustamante, B Dave Oomah, Mónica Rubilar, Carolina Shene
Mucilage (M) and soluble protein (SP) extracted from chia seed and flaxseed were used as encapsulating material for two probiotic bacteria: Bifidobacterium infantis and Lactobacillus plantarum by spray drying. Probiotic survival and viability after spray drying and during storage were evaluated. B. infantis and L. plantarum displayed high survival (⩾98%) after encapsulation with mixtures of maltodextrin (MD) combined with M and SP from flaxseed (MD:FM:FSP - 7.5:0.2:7.5%, w/w/w) and chia seed (MD:CM:CSP - 7...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Zuzana Andrejčáková, Drahomíra Sopková, Radoslava Vlčková, Lucia Kulichová, Soňa Gancarčíková, Viera Almášiová, Katarína Holovská, Vladimír Petrilla, Lenka Krešáková
The aim of our experiment was to study how synbiotics are able to deal with the problems of post-weaning piglets. Lactobacillus plantarum - Biocenol(TM) LP96 (CCM 7512), Lactobacillus fermentum - Biocenol(TM) LF99 (CCM 7514) and flaxseed (rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids) were administered to 36 conventional piglets from a problematic breed with confirmed presence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Coronavirus. The experimental piglets were supplied with probiotic cheeses and crushed flax-seed in the period starting 10 days before weaning and lasting up to 14 days post-weaning...
September 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Mark F McCarty, James DiNicolantonio
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), generated in the microenvironment of cancer cells, can drive the proliferation, invasion, and migration of cancer cells by activating G protein-coupled LPA receptors. Moreover, in cancer cells that have metastasized to bone, LPA signaling can promote osteolysis by inducing cancer cell production of cytokines, such as IL-6 and IL-8, which can stimulate osteoblasts to secrete RANKL, a key promoter of osteoclastogenesis. Indeed, in cancers prone to metastasize to bone, LPA appears to be a major driver of the expansion of osteolytic bone metastases...
August 25, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Waldo G Nuez-Ortín, Chris G Carter, Richard Wilson, Ira Cooke, Peter D Nichols
Marine oils are important to human nutrition as the major source of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a key omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LC-PUFA) that is low or lacking in terrestrial plant or animal oils. The inclusion of fish oil as main source of n-3 LC-PUFA in aquafeeds is mostly limited by the increasing price and decreasing availability. Fish oil replacement with cheaper terrestrial plant and animal oils has considerably reduced the content of n-3 LC-PUFA in flesh of farmed Atlantic salmon...
2016: PloS One
Mina Tirgar, Patrick Silcock, Alan Carne, E John Birch
Physicochemical (zeta potential (ζ), conductivity, surface hydrophobicity (H0), protein solubility (PS)) and emulsifying (emulsion capacity (EC), droplet size, polydispersity (PDI), emulsifying activity (EAI), and stability (ESI) indexes) properties of alkali-(A-FPC), enzymatic-(E-FPC), and enzymatic-solvent-(ES-FPC) extracted protein concentrates from flaxseed meal (FM) were investigated and compared to commercial pea protein concentrate (PPC). The yield, composition, and properties of the protein concentrates were significantly influenced by the methods of extraction...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Pratibha Kaushik, Kim Dowling, Raju Adhikari, Colin J Barrow, Benu Adhikari
Flaxseed gum (FG) was extracted at four different temperatures (30, 50, 70 and 90°C). Chemical composition and structural features of FG extracted at different temperatures were investigated to determine the effect of temperature. Content of acidic monosaccharides and denatured protein increased with increasing FG extraction temperature. The ratio of neutral to acidic monosaccharides decreased from 6.7 to 5.7 as the extraction temperature was increased from 30 to 90°C. Physiochemical and functional properties, including zeta-potential, surface morphology, emulsifying activity index (EAI) and emulsion stability index (ESI), water absorption capacity (WAC) and fat absorption capacity (FAC) of FG samples, were also investigated as a function of extraction temperature...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
S Nybroe, A Astrup, C R Bjørnvad
BACKGROUND: In humans, dietary supplementation with flaxseed mucilage and calcium decrease apparent digestibility of fat and energy. These supplements could prove useful for weight management in dogs. OBJECTIVE: To examine dry matter, energy and fat apparent digestibility and fecal characteristics following dietary flaxseed mucilage supplementation alone or in combination with calcium. METHODS: A single-blinded crossover feeding trial was conducted on 11 privately owned dogs...
August 16, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Delfin Rodriguez-Leyva, Harold M Aukema, Amir Ravandi, Wendy Weighell, Randolph Guzman, Grant N Pierce
UNLABELLED: In the year-long FlaxPAD clinical trial (Flaxseed for Peripheral Artery Disease), dietary flaxseed generated a powerful reduction in brachial systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with peripheral artery disease. Oxylipins were implicated as potential mechanistic mediators. However, the ability of flaxseed to impact central aortic hypertension, arterial stiffness, or cardiac performance was not investigated. Additionally, the relationship between central blood pressure (cBP) and oxylipins was not elucidated...
October 2016: Hypertension
Akramosadat Atyabi, Laila Shirbeigi, Fateme Eghbalian
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin, nails, and joints disease related to the immune system by periods of exacerbations and remissions. It is characterized by thick end, erythematous, and scaling lesions, which affects about 2 to 4 percent of the general population. The disease occurs equally in both sexes and the most common form of the disease is psoriasis vulgaris. The etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors, immune system disorders, and gastrointestinal dysfunction appear to be responsible...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Seyyed Mehdi Mirhashemi, Faeze Rahimi, Alireza Soleimani, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on inflammatory cytokines and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial was done on 60 patients with DN who were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive either 1000 mg/d of omega-3 fatty acid from flaxseed oil (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"