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N-acetyl cysteine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214842/inhibition-of-methylglyoxal-induced-ages-rage-expression-contributes-to-dermal-protection-by-n-acetyl-l-cysteine
#1
Chun-Tao Yang, Fu-Hui Meng, Li Chen, Xiang Li, Lai-Jian Cen, Yu-Hua Wen, Cai-Chen Li, Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is a major cause of diabetes mellitus (DM) skin complications. Methylglyoxal (MGO), a reactive dicarbonyl compound, is a crucial intermediate of AGEs generation. N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an active ingredient of some medicines, can induce endogenous GSH and hydrogen sulfide generation, and set off a condensation reaction with MGO. However, there is rare evidence to show NAC can alleviate DM-induced skin injury through inhibition of AGEs generation or toxicity...
13, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212423/phenolic-extract-from-oleaster-olea-europaea-var-sylvestris-leaves-reduces-colon-cancer-growth-and-induces-caspase-dependent-apoptosis-in-colon-cancer-cells-via-the-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway
#2
Wafa Zeriouh, Abdelhafid Nani, Meriem Belarbi, Adélie Dumont, Charlotte de Rosny, Ikram Aboura, Fatima Zahra Ghanemi, Babar Murtaza, Danish Patoli, Charles Thomas, Lionel Apetoh, Cédric Rébé, Dominique Delmas, Naim Akhtar Khan, François Ghiringhelli, Mickael Rialland, Aziz Hichami
Dietary polyphenols, derived from natural products, have received a great interest for their chemopreventive properties against cancer. In this study, we investigated the effects of phenolic extract of the oleaster leaves (PEOL) on tumor growth in mouse model and on cell death in colon cancer cell lines. We assessed the effect of oleaster leaf infusion on HCT116 (human colon cancer cell line) xenograft growth in athymic nude mice. We observed that oleaster leaf polyphenol-rich infusion limited HCT116 tumor growth in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208010/circulating-plasma-and-exosomal-micrornas-as-indicators-of-drug-induced-organ-injury-in-rodent-models
#3
Young-Eun Cho, Sang-Hyun Kim, Byung-Heon Lee, Moon-Chang Baek
This study was performed to evaluate whether microRNAs (miRNAs) in circulating exosomes may serve as biomarkers of drug-induced liver, kidney, or muscle-injury. Quantitative PCR analyses were performed to measure the amounts of liver-specific miRNAs (miR-122, miR-192, and miR-155), kidney-specific miR-146a, or muscle-specific miR-206 in plasma and exosomes from mice treated with liver, kidney or muscle toxicants. The levels of liver-specific miRNAs in circulating plasma and exosomes were elevated in acetaminophen-induced liver injury and returned to basal levels by treatment with antioxidant N-acetyl-cysteine...
February 17, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204833/small-heterodimer-partner-attenuates-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-expression-of-cyclooxygenase-2-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-by-suppression-of-activator-protein-1-and-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-renal-proximal-tubule-epithelial-cells
#4
Jung Sun Park, Hoon In Choi, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
The orphan nuclear receptor, small heterodimer partner (SHP), plays a negative regulatory role in innate immune responses and is involved in various inflammatory signaling pathways. In the present study, we aimed to ascertain whether SHP is effective in preventing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced kidney tubular inflammation and explored the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effects of SHP. Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury was induced in mice by clamping both renal pedicles for 30 min...
March 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202418/ros-txnip-pathway-contributes-to-thrombin-induced-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-cell-apoptosis-in-bv2-cells
#5
Dandan Zuo, Xinchun Ye, Lu Yu, Liang Zhang, Jiao Tang, Chengcheng Cui, Lei Bao, Kun Zan, Zuohui Zhang, Xinxin Yang, Hao Chen, Hai Tang, Jie Zu, Hongjuan Shi, Guiyun Cui
There is no effective therapy for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) because of poor understanding of the mechanisms of brain injury after hemorrhage. The NLRP3 inflammasome, as a vital component of innate immune system, which is associated with a wide range of human CNS disorders, including ICH. But its detailed mechanisms in ICH remain mainly unclear. In this study, BV2 cells with thrombin exposure were used to investigate the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in thrombin-induced brain injury. We used western blot to detect NLRP3 inflammasome activation and the expression of thioredoxin binding protein (TXNIP), DCFH-DA to investigate intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), flow cytometry to analyze apoptosis...
February 12, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199982/n-acetyl-cysteine-attenuates-remifentanil-induced-postoperative-hyperalgesia-via-inhibiting-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-dorsal-root-ganglia
#6
Yue Liu, Yuan Ni, Wei Zhang, Yu-E Sun, Zhengliang Ma, Xiaoping Gu
Treatment of remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia (RIH) remains a clinical challenge because the mechanisms are not fully understood. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a key component in neuroinflammation because of its facilitation of pro-inflammatory cytokine maturation. Therefore, inhibition of MMP-9 may represent a novel therapeutic approach to the treatment of RIH. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: Control, Incision and Remifentanil. A right plantar surgical incision was performed in Group Incision, and intraoperative remifentanil (0...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197071/chemosensitivity-of-u251-cells-to-the-co-treatment-of-d-penicillamine-and-copper-possible-implications-on-wilson-disease-patients
#7
Meghri Katerji, Kassem Barada, Mustapha Jomaa, Firas Kobeissy, Ahmad-Kareem Makkawi, Wassim Abou-Kheir, Julnar Usta
D-Penicillamine (PA), a copper chelator, and one of the recommended drugs for treatment of Wilson disease (WD) has been reported to worsen the symptoms of patients with neurologic presentations. However, the cause of this paradoxical response has not been fully elucidated and requires further investigations. Accordingly, we have studied the in vitro effect of Copper (Cu) and/or PA treatment on human glioblastoma U251 cells as an in vitro model of Cu cytotoxicity. Treatment of U251 cells with either Cu or PA exerted no significant effect on their morphology, viability or ROS level...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194990/single-nanochannel-platform-for-detecting-chiral-drugs
#8
Imene Boussouar, Qianjin Chen, Xue Chen, Yulun Zhang, Fan Zhang, Demei Tian, Henry S White, Haibing Li
Chiral drugs play an essential role in medical and biochemical systems, and thus enantioselective analysis of chiral molecules has become a central focus in chemical, biological, medical, and pharmaceutical research. The design of chiral drug-detecting systems is a long-term and challenging task. Here we report the use of a modification-free nanochannel method for enantioselective recognition of S-naproxen from R-naproxen using N-acetyl-l-cysteine-capped gold nanoparticles as a chiral selector. The chiral discrimination is based on a drug-induced nanoparticle diastereoselective aggregation mechanism that blocks ion transport through the nanochannel...
January 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193519/thiamine-deficiency-induces-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-oxidative-stress-in-human-neurons-derived-from-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#9
Xin Wang, Mei Xu, Jacqueline A Frank, Zun-Ji Ke, Jia Luo
Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency (TD) plays a major role in the etiology of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) which is a severe neurological disorder. TD induces selective neuronal cell death, neuroinflammation, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and oxidative stress in the brain which are commonly observed in many aging-related neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain unclear...
February 11, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191843/production-of-stealthin-c-involves-an-s-n-type-smiles-rearrangement
#10
Peng Wang, Gloria J Hong, Matthew R Wilson, Emily P Balskus
The kinamycin family of aromatic polyketide natural products contains an atypical angucycline ring system substituted with a diazo group. The enzymatic chemistry involved in constructing both of these structural features has been largely unexplored. Here we report the in vivo and in vitro production of seongomycin, a shunt product from this pathway, and stealthin C, a proposed biosynthetic precursor to the kinamycins. We show that a single enzyme, the flavin-dependent monooxygenase AlpJ, can generate these metabolites from N-acetyl-l-cysteine and l-cysteine, respectively, and that the synthesis of stealthin C likely proceeds via a nonenzymatic S-N-type Smiles rearrangement...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191279/ros-dependent-activation-of-autophagy-through-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway-is-induced-by-hydroxysafflor-yellow-a-sonodynamic-therapy-in-thp-1-macrophages
#11
Yueqing Jiang, Jiayuan Kou, Xiaobo Han, Xuesong Li, Zhaoyu Zhong, Zhongni Liu, Yinghong Zheng, Ye Tian, Liming Yang
Monocyte-derived macrophages participate in infaust inflammatory responses by secreting various types of proinflammatory factors, resulting in further inflammatory reactions in atherosclerotic plaques. Autophagy plays an important role in inhibiting inflammation; thus, increasing autophagy may be a therapeutic strategy for atherosclerosis. In the present study, hydroxysafflor yellow A-mediated sonodynamic therapy was used to induce autophagy and inhibit inflammation in THP-1 macrophages. Following hydroxysafflor yellow A-mediated sonodynamic therapy, autophagy was induced as shown by the conversion of LC3-II/LC3-I, increased expression of beclin 1, degradation of p62, and the formation of autophagic vacuoles...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190473/eucalrobusone-c-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-induces-ros-dependent-mitochondrial-apoptosis-via-the-p38-mapk-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#12
Kai-Li Jian, Chao Zhang, Zhi-Chun Shang, Lei Yang, Ling-Yi Kong
BACKGROUND: Eucalyptus extracts have anti-cancer activity against various cancer cells. Formyl-phloroglucinol meroterpenoids (FPMs), which are typical secondary metabolites of the genera Eucalyptus, have many important pharmacological activities. PURPOSE: Eucalrobusone C (EC), a new bioactive phytochemical, was first isolated from the leaves of Eucalyptus robusta in our laboratory. EC is a FPM, and our previous research revealed that EC showed strongest cytotoxicity in three cancer models than other compounds isolated from the leaves of E...
February 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188028/post-translational-modification-of-caspases-the-other-side-of-apoptosis-regulation
#13
REVIEW
Alexey V Zamaraev, Gelina S Kopeina, Evgeniia A Prokhorova, Boris Zhivotovsky, Inna N Lavrik
Apoptosis is a crucial program of cell death that controls development and homeostasis of multicellular organisms. The main initiators and executors of this process are the Cysteine-dependent ASPartate proteASES - caspases. A number of regulatory circuits tightly control caspase processing and activity. One of the most important, yet, at the same time still poorly understood control mechanisms of activation of caspases involves their post-translational modifications. The addition and/or removal of chemical groups drastically alters the catalytic activity of caspases or stimulates their nonapoptotic functions...
February 7, 2017: Trends in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186123/a-novel-ecg-analog-4-s-2-4-6-trimethylthiobenzyl-epigallocatechin-gallate-selectively-induces-apoptosis-of-b16-f10-melanoma-via-activation-of-autophagy-and-ros
#14
Jing Xie, Ju-Ping Yun, Ya-Nan Yang, Fang Hua, Xiao-Wei Zhang, Heng Lin, Xiao-Xi Lv, Ke Li, Pei-Cheng Zhang, Zhuo-Wei Hu
Autophagy-induced cancer cell death has become a novel strategy for the development of cancer therapeutic drugs. Numerous studies have indicated that green tea polyphenols induce both autophagy and apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells. Here, we synthesized a series of green tea polyphenol analogues, among which JP8 was shown to potently activate autophagy. JP8 treatment had a stronger effect on apoptosis in B16-F10 melanoma cells than that in normal AML-12 hepatocytes. JP8 selectively resulted in reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in B16-F10 cells, and this effect was associated with corresponding increases in key components of the ER stress-mediated apoptosis pathway...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185882/s-transnitrosation-reactions-of-hydrogen-sulfide-h2s-hs-s-2-with-s-nitrosated-cysteinyl-thiols-in-phosphate-buffer-of-ph-7-4-results-and%C3%A2-review-of-the-literature
#15
Dimitrios Tsikas, Anke Böhmer
Cysteine (CysSH) and its derivatives including N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and glutathione (GSH), and cysteine residues in proteins and enzymes are nitrosated with nitric oxide (NO) reaction products such as N2O3 to form S-nitrosated cysteine thiols (RCysSNO). RCysSNO undergo with cysteine thiols (RCysSH) S-transnitrosation reactions, thereby transferring reversibly their nitrosyl ((+)NO) group to RCysSH to form RCysSNO. (•)NO release from RCysSNO and S-transnitrosation are considered the most important features and signalling pathways of RCysSNO...
February 6, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184939/interleukin-17a-promotes-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-cell-invasiveness-through-ros-dependent-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-mmp-2-9-activation
#16
Dong Liu, Rong Zhang, Jie Wu, Yansong Pu, Xiaoran Yin, Yan Cheng, Jing Wu, Cheng Feng, Yumei Luo, Jun Zhang
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A), a pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted primarily by Th17 cells, has been proved to be involved in the microenvironment of certain inflammation-related tumors. However, the role of IL-17A in cancer development has always been controversial. In this study, we investigated the effect of IL-17A on the regulation of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) cell invasiveness and related molecular mechanism. Surface IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) expression on human EAC cell line OE19 was examined using flow cytometry...
March 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182780/farnesylthiosalicylic-acid-sensitizes-hepatocarcinoma-cells-to-artemisinin-derivatives
#17
Liping Wu, Yilin Pang, Guiqi Qin, Gaina Xi, Shengnan Wu, Xiaoping Wang, Tongsheng Chen
Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) and artesunate (ARS), two artemisinin derivatives, have efficacious anticancer activities against human hepatocarcinoma (HCC) cells. This study aims to study the anticancer action of the combination treatment of DHA/ARS and farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS), a Ras inhibitor, in HCC cells (Huh-7 and HepG2 cell lines). FTS pretreatment significantly enhanced DHA/ARS-induced phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, Bak/Bax activation, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, cytochrome c release, and caspase-8 and -9 activations, characteristics of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182160/curcumin-coordinated-nanoparticles-with-improved-stability-for-reactive-oxygen-species-responsive-drug-delivery-in-lung-cancer-therapy
#18
Cheng-Qiong Luo, Lei Xing, Peng-Fei Cui, Jian-Bin Qiao, Yu-Jing He, Bao-An Chen, Liang Jin, Hu-Lin Jiang
BACKGROUND: The natural compound curcumin (Cur) can regulate growth inhibition and apoptosis in various cancer cell lines, although its clinical applications are restricted by extreme water insolubility and instability. To overcome these hurdles, we fabricated a Cur-coordinated reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive nanoparticle using the interaction between boronic acid and Cur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We synthesized a highly biocompatible 4-(hydroxymethyl) phenylboronic acid (HPBA)-modified poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-grafted poly(acrylic acid) polymer (PPH) and fabricated a Cur-coordinated ROS-responsive nanoparticle (denoted by PPHC) based on the interaction between boronic acid and Cur...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181495/expression-of-%C3%AE-globin-by-cancer-cells-promotes-cell-survival-during-blood-borne-dissemination
#19
Yu Zheng, David T Miyamoto, Ben S Wittner, James P Sullivan, Nicola Aceto, Nicole Vincent Jordan, Min Yu, Nezihi Murat Karabacak, Valentine Comaills, Robert Morris, Rushil Desai, Niyati Desai, Erin Emmons, John D Milner, Richard J Lee, Chin-Lee Wu, Lecia V Sequist, Wilhelm Haas, David T Ting, Mehmet Toner, Sridhar Ramaswamy, Shyamala Maheswaran, Daniel A Haber
Metastasis-competent circulating tumour cells (CTCs) experience oxidative stress in the bloodstream, but their survival mechanisms are not well defined. Here, comparing single-cell RNA-Seq profiles of CTCs from breast, prostate and lung cancers, we observe consistent induction of β-globin (HBB), but not its partner α-globin (HBA). The tumour-specific origin of HBB is confirmed by sequence polymorphisms within human xenograft-derived CTCs in mouse models. Increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cultured breast CTCs triggers HBB induction, mediated through the transcriptional regulator KLF4...
February 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181396/the-aflatoxin-b1-fumonisin-b1-toxicity-in-brl-3a-hepatocytes-is-associated-to-induction-of-cytochrome-p450-activity-and-arachidonic-acid-metabolism
#20
Verónica S Mary, Silvina L Arias, Santiago N Otaiza, Pilar A Velez, Héctor R Rubinstein, Martín G Theumer
Human oral exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) and fumonisin B1 (FB1 ) is associated with increased hepatocellular carcinoma. Although evidence suggested interactive AFB1 -FB1 hepatotoxicity, the underlying mechanisms remain mostly unidentified. This work was aimed at evaluating the possible AFB1 -FB1 interplay to induce genetic and cell cycle toxicities in BRL-3A rat hepatocytes, reactive oxygen species (ROS) involvement, and the AFB1 metabolizing pathways cytochrome P450 (CYP) and arachidonic acid (ArAc) metabolism as ROS contributors...
February 9, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
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