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N-acetyl cysteine

Hui Liu, Xin-Hua Cheng
Oxaliplatin is a commonly used chemotherapeutic drug for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. However, acquired drug resistance against oxaliplatin remains a major obstacle for efficient use of it, and mechanisms underlying oxaliplatin resistance are still required to be explored. In the present study, we exposed colorectal cancer cell line SW480 to oxaliplatin for a long time to obtain oxaliplatin-resistant colorectal cancer cell model (OR-SW480). We found that intracellular expression of miR-29b was decreased when the SW480 cells became oxaliplatin-resistant...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Yingying Qian, Xiangjiang Guo, Lin Che, Xuejing Guan, Bei Wu, Renhua Lu, Mingli Zhu, Huihua Pang, Yucheng Yan, Zhaohui Ni, Leyi Gu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Klotho is a multifunctional protein expressed predominantly in kidney tubular epithelium. Here, we investigated the protective effects of Klotho on necroptosis in renal ischemic-reperfusion injury (IRI) and the role of oxidative stress in this process. METHODS: Mice were subjected to bilateral renal pedicle clamping. Mouse renal tubular epithelial (TCMK-1) cells were exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) or H2O2. Kidney samples from acute kidney injury (AKI) patients and controls were examined by immunofluorescence...
March 10, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Xiaoyan Wang, Ronghua Li, Xintong Zhao, Xiaojing Yu, Qing Sun
Although metformin (MET) may be useful for the treatment of psoriasis, the mechanisms underlying its method of action have yet to be fully elucidated. Here, the relationship between MET function and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and the underlying mechanism were explored in human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT). HaCaT cells were incubated with MET at 0, 10, 20, 40, and 60 mM for 24 h. The cell viability was evaluated by the CCK-8 assay. The cell apoptosis rate and intracellular ROS levels were examined using flow cytometry...
March 17, 2018: Inflammation
Bei Wang, Shu-Sen Zheng, Tan-Yang Zhou, Chun-Hui Nie, Da-Long Wan
Bigelovin (BigV) is a sesquiterpene lactone, isolated from Inula helianthus aquatica, which has been reported to induce apoptosis and show anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. Nevertheless, the effects of BigV on liver cancer and the underlying mechanisms have not been investigated. In the study, we found that BigV exhibited potential anti-tumor activities against human liver cancer in vitro and in vivo. BigV reduced the cell proliferation and colony formation. BigV induced apoptosis through improving the cleavage of Caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1)...
March 13, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jui-Hsiang Hung, Shi-Kae Wee, Hany A Omar, Chia-Hui Su, Hsing-Yi Chen, Pin-Shern Chen, Chien-Chih Chiu, Ming-Syuan Wu, Yen-Ni Teng
Leucine-rich repeats and WD repeat domain containing protein 1 (LRWD1) is implicated in the regulation of signal transduction, transcription, RNA processing and tumor development. However, LRWD1 transcriptional regulation is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between LRWD1 expression and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in human embryonal carcinoma cell line, NT2/D1 cells, which will help in understanding the transcriptional regulatory role of ROS in cells. Results showed that the exposure of NT2/D1 cells to various concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and the nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) caused a significant increase in the mRNA and protein expression of LRWD1...
March 12, 2018: Biochimie
Jin Ah Cha, Hyo-Sook Song, Beomku Kang, Moon Nyeo Park, Kyoung Sun Park, Sung-Hoon Kim, Bum-Sang Shim, Bonglee Kim
Though Cnidium officinale Makino (COM) was known to have anti-angiogenic, anti-oxidant, neuroprotective, and anti-cancer effects, the underlying anticancer mechanism of COM using endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and miRNA remained unclear until now. Thus, in the current study, the inhibitory mechanism of COM in lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) cells was elucidated. COM exerted cytotoxicity in U937 and U266 but not Raw264.7 cells. COM treatment increased the expression of ER stress-related proteins such as p-protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (p-PERK), p-eukaryotic initiation factor (p-eIF2α), and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Katarzyna A Cieslik, Rajagopal V Sekhar, Alejandro Granillo, Anilkumar Reddy, Guillermo Medrano, Celia Pena Heredia, Mark L Entman, Dale J Hamilton, Shumin Li, Erin Reineke, Anisha A Gupte, Aijun Zhang, George E Taffet
Metabolic, inflammatory and functional changes occur in cardiovascular aging which may stem from oxidative stress and be remediable with antioxidants. Glutathione, an intracellular antioxidant, declines with aging, and supplementation with glutathione precursors, N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC) and Glycine (Gly), increases tissue glutathione. Thirty month-old mice were fed diets supplemented with NAC or NAC+Gly and, after seven weeks, cardiac function and molecular studies were performed.The NAC+Gly supplementation improved diastolic function, increasing peak early filling velocity, and reducing relaxation time, left atrial volume, and left ventricle end diastolic pressure...
March 10, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
M Yasar, I Erdi, B Kaya
AIM: We investigated the effects of atorvastatin and N-acetyl cysteine in decreasing ischemia-reperfusion damage after detorsion of a volvulus of the cecum and ascending colon. METHODS: Wistar albino rats (250-300 g) were divided into four groups. A cecal-ascending colon volvulus was created by the intestinal clockwise 720° rotation. At the end of one hour, the bowel was detorsioned. Group I (n = 7) was the sham (laparotomy) group, Group II (n = 7) the control (no treatment, volvulus or detorsion), Group III (n = 7) (N-acetyl cysteine administered ) , and Group IV (n = 7) (atorvastatin administered ) group...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Matharage Gayani Dilshara, Rajapaksha Gedara Prasad Tharanga Jayasooriya, Ilandarage Menu Neelaka Molagoda, Jin-Woo Jeong, Seungheon Lee, Sang Rul Park, Gi-Young Kim, Yung Hyun Choi
In this study, we addressed how silibinin enhances tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated apoptosis in various cancer cells. Combined treatment with silibinin and TRAIL (silibinin/TRAIL) induced apoptosis accompanied by the activation of caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, and Bax, and cytosolic accumulation of cytochrome c. Anti-apoptotic proteins such as Bcl-2, IAP-1, and IAP-2 were inhibited as well. Silibinin also triggered TRAIL-induced apoptosis in A549 cells through upregulation of death receptor 5 (DR5)...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Helen Hernández, Alejandra Parra, Nicolas Tobar, Jessica Molina, Violeta Kallens, Miltha Hidalgo, Diego Varela, Jorge Martínez, Omar Porras
Aerobic metabolism brings inexorably the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are counterbalanced by intrinsic antioxidant defenses avoiding deleterious intracellular effects. Redox balance is the resultant of metabolic functioning under environmental inputs (i.e. diet, pollution) and the activity of intrinsic antioxidant machinery. Monitoring of intracellular hydrogen peroxide has been successfully achieved by redox biosensor advent; however, to track the intrinsic disulfide bond reduction capacity represents a fundamental piece to understand better how redox homeostasis is maintained in living cells...
March 2, 2018: Redox Biology
Shengli Wang, Liang Shi, Yanru Hu, Rui Liu, Ang Ren, Jing Zhu, Mingwen Zhao
The transcription factor Skn7 is a highly conserved fungal protein that participates in a variety of processes, including oxidative stress adaptation, fungicide sensitivity, cell wall biosynthesis, cell cycle, and sporulation. In this study, a homologous gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Skn7 was cloned from Ganoderma lucidum. RNA interference (RNAi) was used to study the functions of Skn7, and the two knockdown strains Skn7i-5 and Skn7i-7 were obtained in G. lucidum. The knockdown of GlSkn7 resulted in hypersensitivity to oxidative and cell wall stresses...
March 7, 2018: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
Hao Zhuang, Qiang Li, Xinran Zhang, Xuda Ma, Zun Wang, Yun Liu, Xianfu Yi, Ruibing Chen, Feng Han, Ning Zhang, Yongmei Li
Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer. Glycine decarboxylase (GLDC), an oxidoreductase, plays an important role in amino acid metabolism. While GLDC promotes tumor initiation and proliferation in non-small cell lung cancer and glioma and it was reported as a putative tumor suppressor gene in gastric cancer, the role of GLDC in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unknown. In the current study, microarray-based analysis suggested that GLDC expression was low in highly malignant HCC cell lines, and clinicopathological analysis revealed a decrease in GLDC in HCC tumor samples...
March 7, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Hernán Gonzalo Villagarcía, María Cecilia Castro, Luisa González Arbelaez, Guillermo Schinella, María Laura Massa, Eduardo Spinedi, Flavio Francini
AIM: Hypothalamic obese rats are characterized by pre-diabetes, dyslipidemia, hyperadiposity, inflammation and, liver dysmetabolism with oxidative stress (OS), among others. We studied endocrine-metabolic dysfunctions and, liver OS and inflammation in both monosodium l-glutamate (MSG)-neonatally damaged and control litter-mate (C) adult male rats, either chronically treated with N-Acetyl-l-Cysteine since weaned (C-NAC and MSG-NAC) or not. METHODOLOGY: We evaluated circulating TBARS, glucose, insulin, triglycerides, uric acid (UA) and, aspartate and alanine amino-transferase; insulin sensitivity markers (HOMA indexes, Liver Index of Insulin Sensitivity -LISI-) were calculated and liver steps of the insulin-signaling pathway were investigated...
March 6, 2018: Life Sciences
Dávid Kókai, Tímea Mosolygó, Dezső P Virók, Valéria Endrész, Katalin Burián
PURPOSE: Within the community, 10 % of acquired pneumonia is caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae. N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) is one of the most commonly used mucolytics in respiratory diseases, but its effect on C. pneumoniae infection has not yet been investigated. In this study, our aim was to investigate whether NAC influences the replication of C. pneumoniae. After determining that NAC does have an effect on C. pneumoniae replication, the effect of an alternative drug called Ambroxol (Ax) was investigated...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Ri-Zhen Huang, Xiao-Chao Huang, Bin Zhang, Hai-Yang Jia, Zhi-Xin Liao, Heng-Shan Wang
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of cancer death, and novel chemotherapeutic drugs for treating HCC are urgently needed. 16-O-caffeoyl-16-hydroxylhexadecanoic acid (CHHA) is a new phenylpropanoid isolated by our group from Euphorbia nematocypha which is commonly used to treat solid tumors. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for the CHHA-induced apoptosis in cancer cells, particularly in HCC, remain unknown. PURPOSE: In the present work, we evaluated the growth inhibitory effect of CHHA on HCC cells and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Wei Wu, Bao-Hua Liu, Cheng-Long Xie, Xiao-Dong Xia, Yan-Mei Zhang
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) has been extensively reported to exert neuroprotective effects on the central nervous system. Oxidative stress may contribute to the underlying mechanisms causing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The effect of NAC against oxidative stress injury was investigated in a cellular model of AD in the present study and the underlying mechanisms were revealed. The neuroprotective action of NAC (1, 10, 100 and 1,000 µmol/l) on a cellular model of AD [hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‑induced (3, 30 and 300 µmol/l) toxicity in primary rat hippocampus neurons] demonstrated the underlying mechanisms...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Moumita Dash, Moulima Maity, Arindam Dey, Hasina Perveen, Shamima Khatun, Lipirani Jana, Sandip Chattopadhyay
Arsenic consumption through drinking water is a worldwide major health problem. Management of arsenic intoxication with invasive, painful therapy using metal chelators is usually used as a conventional treatment strategy in human. In this present study, we examined the efficacy of oral administration of N-acetyl l-cysteine (NAC) in limiting arsenic-mediated female reproductive disorders and oxidative stress in female Wistar rats. The treatment was continued for 8 days (2 estrus cycles) on rats with sodium arsenite (10 mg/Kg body weight) orally...
2018: Toxicology Reports
Boris Rodenak-Kladniew, Agustina Castro, Peter Stärkel, Christine De Saeger, Margarita García de Bravo, Rosana Crespo
AIMS: Linalool is a plant-derived monoterpene with anticancer activity, however its mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. The aim of this work was to elucidate the anticancer mechanisms of action of linalool in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. MAIN METHODS: Cell viability and proliferation were determined by WST-1 assay and BrdU incorporation, respectively. Cell cycle analysis was assessed through flow cytometry (FC) and western blot (WB). Apoptosis was determined by caspase-3 activity, TUNEL assay and WB...
March 3, 2018: Life Sciences
Shuqiang Sun, Chunxiao Zhang, Jiahao Gao, Qiongyu Qin, Yaya Zhang, Hua Zhu, Xinjun Yang, Dongren Yang, Hongtao Yan
Benzene exposure affects the hematopoietic system and leads to the occurrence of various types of leukemia and hematotoxicity. It has been confirmed that active metabolites of benzene, including 1,4-benzoquinone (1,4-BQ), can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis in the bone marrow, and recent studies have also suggested that benzene exposure can affect mitochondrial function in both experimental animals and cell lines. However, the potential relationship among ROS production, mitochondrial damages, and subsequent apoptosis following benzene exposure has not been well studied in detail...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Abhishek Sadhu, Ilika Ghosh, Yuji Moriyasu, Anita Mukherjee, Maumita Bandyopadhyay
The effect of cerium oxide nanoparticle (CeNP) in plants has elicited substantial controversy. While some investigators have reported that CeNP possesses antioxidant properties, others observed CeNP to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS). In spite of considerable research carried out on the effects of CeNP in metazoans, fundamental studies that can unveil its intracellular consequences linking ROS production, autophagy and DNA damage are lacking in plants. To elucidate the impact of CeNP within plant cells, tobacco BY-2 cells were treated with 10, 50 and 250 µg ml-1 CeNP (Ce10, Ce50 and Ce250), for 24 h...
February 28, 2018: Mutagenesis
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