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N-acetyl cysteine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314481/benzophenones-and-xanthone-derivatives-from-garcinia-schomburgkiana-induced-p-glycoprotein-overexpression-in-human-colorectal-caco-2-cells-via-oxidative-stress-mediated-mechanisms
#1
Cherdsak Boonyong, Chutichot Pattamadilok, Rutt Suttisri, Suree Jianmongkol
BACKGROUND: Up-regulation of P-gp is an adaptive survival mechanism of cancer cells from chemotherapy. Three new phytochemicals including two benzophenones, guttiferone K (GK) and oblongifolin C (OC), and a xanthone, isojacaruebin (ISO), are potential anti-cancer agents. However, the capability of these compounds to increase multidrug-resistance (MDR) through P-gp up-regulation in cancer cells has not been reported. PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the effects of GK, OC and ISO on P-gp up-regulation in colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2 cells)...
April 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314430/calf-spleen-extractive-injection-csei-a-small-peptides-enriched-extraction-induces-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-apoptosis-via-ros-mapks-dependent-mitochondrial-pathway
#2
Dongxu Jia, Wenqian Lu, Xinrui Zhang, Guangsheng Cai, Lirong Teng, Xinyu Wang, Minghai Zhang, Yan Zeng, Chunhua Liang, Di Wang
Calf Spleen Extractive Injection (CSEI), a small peptides enriched extraction, performs immunomodulatory activity on cancer patients suffering from radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The present study aims to investigate the anti-hepatocellular carcinoma effects of CSEI in cells and tumor-xenografted mouse models. In HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells, CSEI reduced cell viability, enhanced apoptosis rate, caused reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, inhibited migration ability, and induced caspases cascade and mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301919/clostridium-difficile-toxin-a-induces-reactive-oxygen-species-production-and-p38mapk-activation-to-exert-cellular-toxicity-in-neuronal-cells
#3
Peng Zhang, Ji Hong, I Na Yoon, Jin Ku Kang, Jae Sam Hwang, Ho Kim
Clostridium difficile releases two exotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which disrupt the epithelial cell barrier in the gut to increase mucosal permeability and trigger inflammation with severe diarrhea. Many studies have suggested that enteric nerves are also directly involved in the progression of this toxin-mediated inflammation and diarrhea. C. difficile toxin A is known to enhance neurotransmitter secretion, increase gut motility, and suppress sympathetic neurotransmission in the guinea pig colitis model. Although previous studies have examined the pathophysiological role of enteric nerves in gut inflammation, the direct effect of toxins on neuronal cells and the molecular mechanisms underlying toxin-induced neuronal stress remained to be unveiled...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299863/dickkopf-3-attenuates-xanthine-dehydrogenase-expression-to-prevent-oxidative-stress-induced-apoptosis
#4
Shuang Qui, Junko Kano, Masayuki Noguchi
Dickkopf (DKK) 3 is a DKK glycoprotein family member that controls cell fate during embryogenesis and exerts opposing effects on survival in a cell type-dependent manner; however, the mechanisms governing its pro-apoptosis versus pro-survival functions remain unclear. Here, we investigated DKK3 function in Li21 hepatoma cells and tPH5CH immortalized hepatocytes. DKK3 knockdown by siRNA resulted in reactive oxygen species accumulation and subsequent apoptosis, which were abrogated by administration of the antioxidant N-acetyl-cysteine...
March 15, 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292921/genetic-determinants-of-1-3-butadiene-metabolism-and-detoxification-in-three-populations-of-smokers-with-different-risks-of-lung-cancer
#5
Emily J Boldry, Yesha M Patel, Srikanth Kotapati, Amanda Esades, Sungshim L Park, Maarit Tiirikainen, Daniel O Stram, Loic LeMarchand, Natalia Tretyakova
Background: 1,3-Butadiene (BD) is an important carcinogen in tobacco smoke that undergoes metabolic activation to DNA-reactive epoxides. These species can be detoxified via glutathione conjugation and excreted in urine as the corresponding N-acetylcysteine conjugates. We hypothesize that single nucleotide polymorphisms in BD-metabolizing genes may change the balance of BD bioactivation and detoxification in White, Japanese American, and African American smokers, potentially contributing to ethnic differences in lung cancer risk...
March 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291959/the-opening-of-atp-sensitive-k-channels-protects-h9c2-cardiac-cells-against-the-high-glucose-induced-injury-and-inflammation-by-inhibiting-the-ros-tlr4-necroptosis-pathway
#6
Weijie Liang, Meiji Chen, Dongdan Zheng, Jianhao Li, Mingcai Song, Wenzhu Zhang, Jianqiang Feng, Jun Lan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hyperglycemia activates multiple signaling molecules, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3, a kinase promoting necroptosis), which mediate hyperglycemia-induced cardiac injury. This study explored whether inhibition of ROS-TLR4-necroptosis pathway contributed to the protection of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel opening against high glucose-induced cardiac injury and inflammation. METHODS: H9c2 cardiac cells were treated with 35 mM glucose (HG) to establish a model of HG-induced insults...
February 22, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291433/effects-of-bone-cement-loaded-with-teicoplanin-n-acetylcysteine-or-their-combination-on-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilm-formation-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Hasan Göçer, Dilek Emir, Mehmet Emin Önger, Nevzat Dabak
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to demonstrate the antibiofilm effects of teicoplanin alone, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) alone, or combination of both compounds when mixed with bone cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of four groups were formed by using six cement samples in each, prepared with bone cement having different contents in each group. Group 1 (control group): cement alone without any drugs added. Group 2: 40 g cement, 400 mg teicoplanin. Group 3: 40 g cement, 6 g NAC...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288416/induction-of-reactive-oxygen-species-stimulated-distinctive-autophagy-by-chelerythrine-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#8
Zheng-Hai Tang, Wen-Xiang Cao, Zhao-Yu Wang, Jia-Hong Lu, Bo Liu, Xiuping Chen, Jin-Jian Lu
Chelerythrine (CHE), a natural benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloid, shows anti-cancer effect through a number of mechanisms. Herein, the effect and mechanism of the CHE-induced autophagy, a type II programmed cell death, in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells were studied for the first time. CHE induced cell viability decrease, colony formation inhibition, and apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner in NSCLC A549 and NCI-H1299 cells. In addition, CHE triggered the expression of phosphatidylethanolamine-modified microtubule-associated protein light-chain 3 (LC3-II)...
March 9, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288414/butyrate-induces-ros-mediated-apoptosis-by-modulating-mir-22-sirt-1-pathway-in-hepatic-cancer-cells
#9
Kishor Pant, Ajay K Yadav, Parul Gupta, Rakibul Islam, Anoop Saraya, Senthil K Venugopal
Butyrate is one of the short chain fatty acids, produced by the gut microbiota during anaerobic fermentation of dietary fibres. It has been shown that it can inhibit tumor progression via suppressing histone deacetylase and can induce apoptosis in cancer cells. However, the comprehensive pathway by which butyrate mediates apoptosis and growth arrest in cancer cells still remains unclear. In this study, the role of miR-22 in butyrate-mediated ROS release and induction of apoptosis was determined in hepatic cells...
March 7, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287621/restoring-the-impaired-cardiac-calcium-homeostasis-and-cardiac-function-in-iron-overload-rats-by-the-combined-deferiprone-and-n-acetyl-cysteine
#10
Suwakon Wongjaikam, Sirinart Kumfu, Juthamas Khamseekaew, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
Intracellular calcium [Ca(2+)]i dysregulation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of iron overload cardiomyopathy. Although either iron chelators or antioxidants provide cardioprotection, a comparison of the efficacy of deferoxamine (DFO), deferiprone (DFP), deferasirox (DFX), N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) or a combination of DFP plus NAC on cardiac [Ca(2+)]i homeostasis in chronic iron overload has never been investigated. Male Wistar rats were fed with either a normal diet or a high iron (HFe) diet for 4 months...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286938/n-acetyl-l-cysteine-controls-osteoclastogenesis-through-regulating-th17-differentiation-and-rankl-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Hae-Rim Kim, Kyoung-Woon Kim, Bo-Mi Kim, Kyung-Ann Lee, Sang-Heon Lee
Background/Aims: This study aimed to determine the regulatory role of N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, in interleukin 17 (IL-17)-induced osteoclast differentiation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: After RA synovial fibroblasts were stimulated by IL-17, the expression and production of receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL) was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Osteoclastogenesis was also determined after co-cultures of IL-17-stimulated RA synovial fibroblasts, Th17 cells and various concentrations of NAC with monocytes...
March 13, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285136/homocysteine-ameliorates-the-endothelium-independent-hypoxic-vasoconstriction-via-the-suppression-of-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-akt-pathway-in-porcine-coronary-arteries
#12
Yuan-Ming An, Han Feng, Xing-Zhong Zhang, Xin Cong, Qian Zhao, Li-Ling Wu, Dou Dou
OBJECTIVE: Endothelium-independent coronary vasoconstriction induced by continuous hypoxia contributes to the development of ischemic heart diseases. Acute elevation of homocysteine (Hcy) has a potent of vasodilation. The present study aims to investigate the role of Hcy in endothelium-independent hypoxic coronary vasoconstriction and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Vessel tension of isolated porcine coronary arteries was measured by organ chamber study and the protein expression were detected by western blot...
March 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281643/reactive-oxygen-species-are-required-for-zoledronic-acid-induced-apoptosis-in-osteoclast-precursors-and-mature-osteoclast-like-cells
#13
Ta-Wei Tai, Ching-Yu Chen, Fong-Chin Su, Yuan-Kun Tu, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Chiou-Feng Lin, I-Ming Jou
Inhibiting osteoclasts and osteoclast precursors to reduce bone resorption is an important strategy to treat osteoclast-related diseases, such as osteoporosis, inflammatory bone loss, and malignant bone metastasis. However, the mechanism by which apoptosis is induced in the osteoclasts and their precursors are not completely understood. Here, we used nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (ZA) to induce cell apoptosis in human and murine osteoclast precursors and mature osteoclast-like cells. Caspase-3-mediated cell apoptosis occurred following the ZA (100 μM) treatment...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281393/altered-expression-of-a-metformin-mediated-radiation-response-in-sa-nh-and-fsa-tumor-cells-treated-under-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-growth-conditions
#14
Jeffrey S Murley, Richard C Miller, Raziye Rana Senlik, Alfred W Rademaker, David J Grdina
PURPOSE: To assess the radio-sensitizing effect of the biguanide drug Metformin used alone or in combination with reactive oxygen species (ROS) modifying agents N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) or emodin, and contrasted to the mitochondrial complex 1 inhibitor rotenone in altering the radiation responses of the p53 wild type SA-NH and p53 mutant FSa mouse tumor lines grown either in vitro or in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor cells were grown to confluence in vitro and exposed to a single 4 Gy dose in the presence or absence of Metformin (5 mM) and ROS modifiers or to 10 Gy with or without Metformin as tumors in the flanks of C3H mice using a tumor growth delay assay...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281000/methylglyoxal-as-a-novel-signal-molecule-induces-the-salt-tolerance-of-wheat-by-regulating-the-glyoxalase-system-the-antioxidant-system-and-osmolytes
#15
Zhong-Guang Li, Xiang-Qiu Duan, Xiong Min, Zhi-Hao Zhou
Reactive carbonyl species methylglyoxal (MG) has always been regarded as a cytotoxic metabolite, but now is emerging to function as signal molecule in plants. However, whether MG can induce salt tolerance is elusive. In this study, treatment of wheat seeds with NaCl reduced seed germination, plant height, root length, fresh weight, and dry weight, indicating the inhibitive effects of NaCl on seed germination and seedling growth. The inhibitive effects of NaCl were alleviated by applying exogenous MG, but aggravated by the MG scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), suggesting that MG could induce the salt tolerance of wheat...
March 9, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280522/triethylenetetramine-synergizes-with-pharmacologic-ascorbic-acid-in-hydrogen-peroxide-mediated-selective-toxicity-to-breast-cancer-cell
#16
Lianlian Wang, Xiaofang Luo, Cong Li, Yubing Huang, Ping Xu, Laetitia H Lloyd-Davies, Thibaut Delplancke, Chuan Peng, Rufei Gao, Hongbo Qi, Chao Tong, Philip Baker
Breast cancer is characterized by overexpression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and downregulation of catalase and more resistance to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) than normal cells. Thus, relatively high H2O2 promotes breast cancer cell growth and proliferation. However, excessive intracellular H2O2 leads to death of breast cancer cells. In cancer cells, high level ascorbic acid (Asc) is able to be autoxidized and thus provides an electron to oxygen to generate H2O2. In the present study, we demonstrated that triethylenetetramine (TETA) enhances Asc autoxidation and thus elevates H2O2 production in MCF-7 cells...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277986/bardoxolone-methyl-inhibits-migration-and-metabolism-in-mcf7-cells
#17
Alaa Refaat, Chathyan Pararasa, Muhammed Arif, James E P Brown, Amtul Carmichael, Sameh S Ali, Hiroaki Sakurai, Helen R Griffiths
Bardoxolone-methyl (BAR) is reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and anti-fibrotic effects. BAR activates Nrf2 and may ameliorate oxidative stress through induction of antioxidant genes. However, off-target effects, probably concentration and NFkB-dependent, have limited the clinical use of BAR. Nrf2 regulates expression of antioxidant and mitochondrial genes and has been proposed as a target for both obesity and breast cancer. Therefore, we explored whether BAR can alter migration and proliferation in the MCF7 cell line and whether metabolic function is affected by BAR...
February 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273344/oxidative-stress-serves-as-a-key-checkpoint-for-il-33-release-by-airway-epithelium
#18
Masaru Uchida, Erik L Anderson, Diane L Squillace, Nandadevi Patil, Peter J Maniak, Koji Iijima, Hirohito Kita, Scott M O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-33 is implicated in the pathophysiology of asthma and allergic diseases. However, our knowledge is limited regarding how IL-33 release is controlled. The transcription factor nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a key role in antioxidant response regulation. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this project was to investigate the role of cellular oxidative stress in controlling IL-33 release in airway epithelium. METHODS: Complementary approaches were used that included human bronchial epithelial cells and mouse models of airway type-2 immunity that were exposed to fungus Alternaria extract...
March 8, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272477/chemosensitivity-of-mcf-7-cells-to-eugenol-release-of-cytochrome-c-and-lactate-dehydrogenase
#19
Rana Al Wafai, Warde El-Rabih, Meghri Katerji, Remi Safi, Marwan El Sabban, Omar El-Rifai, Julnar Usta
Phytochemicals have been extensively researched for their potential anticancer effects. In previous study, direct exposure of rat liver mitochondria to eugenol main ingredient of clove, uncoupled mitochondria and increased F0F1ATPase activity. In the present study, we further investigated the effects of eugenol on MCF-7 cells in culture. Eugenol demonstrated: a dose-dependent decrease in viability (MTT assay), and proliferation (real time cell analysis) of MCF-7 cells, (EC50: 0.9 mM); an increase in reactive oxygen species; a decrease in ATP level and mitochondrial membrane potential (MitoPT JC-1 assay); and a release of cytochrome-c and lactate dehydrogenase (Cytotoxicity Detection Kit (PLUS)) into culture media at eugenol concentration >EC50...
March 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264926/proline-dehydrogenase-promotes-senescence-through-the-generation-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#20
Taiki Nagano, Akio Nakashima, Kengo Onishi, Kosuke Kawai, Yuto Awai, Mizuki Kinugasa, Tetsushi Iwasaki, Ushio Kikkawa, Shinji Kamada
Cellular senescence is a complex stress response characterized by permanent loss of proliferative capacity and is implicated in age-related disorders. Although the transcriptional activity of p53 is known to be vital for senescence induction, the downstream effector genes critical for senescence remain unsolved. Recently, we have identified Proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) to be upregulated specifically in senescent cells in a p53-dependent manner, whose functional relevance to senescence is yet to be defined...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
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