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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538398/simultaneous-bilateral-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-with-unilateral-dislocation-of-the-acromioclavicular-joint-a-case-report
#1
Dong Dong, Mingyang Yu, Guishan Gu
RATIONALE: Simultaneous bilateral mid-clavicle fracture with unilateral dislocation of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint is an extremely rare injury combination. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we report a case of polytrauma in a 42 years old female following a road traffic accident. DIAGNOSES: The radiographs showed the fractures in bilateral middle third of the clavicle and AC joint dislocation of left shoulder. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with a 5-hole locking hook plate to stabilize the left AC joint and a shortly reconstruction plate to fix the left clavicle...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534647/considering-built-environment-and-spatial-correlation-in-modelling-pedestrian-injury-severity
#2
Carlo G Prato, Sigal Kaplan, Alexandre Patrier, Thomas K Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: This study looks at mitigating and aggravating factors that are associated with the injury severity of pedestrians when they have crashes with another road user and overcomes existing limitations in the literature by posing attention on the built environment and considering spatial correlation across crashes. METHOD: Reports for 6539 pedestrian crashes occurred in Denmark between 2006 and 2015 were merged with geographic information system resources containing detailed information about built environment and exposure at the crash locations...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533863/management-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-muhimbili-orthopaedic-institute-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#3
Respicious Boniface, Edwin Rwebugisa Lugazia, Abel Mussa Ntungi, Othman Kiloloma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain Injuries represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. However, access to neurosurgical care is poor in low income countries like Tanzania. The aim of this study was to assess the management and outcome of Traumatic brain injury patients at a tertiary level health facility in Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of Traumatic brain injury patients attended at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute between January 2014 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529012/the-epidemiology-and-hotspots-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-moshi-tanzania-an-observational-study
#4
Joseph M Reardon, Luciano Andrade, Julian Hertz, George Kiwango, Anneth Teu, Msafiri Pesambili, Deena El-Gabri, Michael Hocker, Mark Mvungi, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) continue to increase with the proliferation of motor vehicles, especially in low-income countries where safe road infrastructure is lacking. Knowing where and why RTIs occur would allow for increased safety and prevention planning. In this study, police records of 300 motor vehicle collisions which occurred between February 2013 and January 2014 in Moshi, Tanzania were reviewed. Analysis of variables including victim age, gender, type of collision, conditions, and use of safety equipment were analyzed...
May 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523083/association-of-midfacial-fractures-with-ophthalmic-injury
#5
REVIEW
Constantinus Politis, Alexandra Kluyskens, Titiaan Dormaar
The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of ophthalmic complications following midfacial fractures and investigate its relation to surgical or nonsurgical treatment. This article is a retrospective study, describing the spectrum and incidence of ophthalmic injury in 106 patients presenting with midfacial fractures at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospitals Leuven over a period of 16 months (January 2013 to April 2014). The mean age of the patients was 45.6 years with a gender distribution of 68 men and 38 women...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515606/gender-based-assessment-of-survival-in-trauma-hemorrhagic-shock-a-retrospective-analysis-of-indian-population
#6
Pankaj Verma, Sanjeev Bhoi, Upendra Baitha, Tej Prakash Sinha, Prakash Ranjan Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Trauma-hemorrhagic shock (THS) is a leading cause of death. Female rats and women experience better outcomes in terms of survival after major trauma as compared to males. There are limited data in Indian population. Authors studied the gender-based outcome of patients with Class IV hemorrhagic shock due to blunt trauma and the distribution of factors among males and females which are known to affect outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective study with data of trauma victims between January 2008 and July 2013...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515563/secondary-eating-disorder-a-reality-case-report-of-post-brain-injury-sequelae
#7
Aparna Das, Deeksha Elwadhi, Manushree Gupta
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to changes in eating behavior patterns. This report describes the case of a patient with alcohol dependence presenting with behavioral changes and eating disorder following frontal lobe trauma. A 42-year-old male, premorbidly well-adjusted presented with alcohol use in dependent pattern for years. He sustained a subdural hematoma in the frontal lobe following a road traffic accident 10 years back. Post-TBI, the patient, started having low frustration tolerance, aggressive outbursts, disinhibition, difficulty in persisting with tasks, apathy, amotivation, and craving for food with inability to control intake on the sight of food...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515545/traumatic-brain-injury-and-neuropsychiatric-complications
#8
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmed, Hema Venigalla, Hema Madhuri Mekala, Sara Dar, Mudasar Hassan, Shahana Ayub
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating injury results in damage to the brain. It is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in young people with a higher prevalence in men. TBI is the leading cause of disability and mortality between the ages 1 and 45. TBI can be caused either by the direct result of trauma or due to a complication of the primary injury. The most common etiological factors for TBI are falls, road traffic accidents, violent physical assaults, and injuries associated with athletic activities...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512475/risk-factors-for-road-traffic-injuries-among-different-road-users-in-the-gambia
#9
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Babanding Daffeh, Laurence J Fuortes
We identified risk factors for road traffic injuries among road users who received treatment at two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. The study includes pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and drivers/passengers of cars and trucks. We examined distributions of injury by age, gender, collision vehicle types and vehicle category, and driver and environment factors. Two hundred and fifty-four patients were included in the study. Two-thirds were male and one-third female. Two-thirds (67%) of road traffic injuries involved pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists; and these were more common during weekdays (74%) than weekends...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509423/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-double-transverse-foramen-and-the-possibility-of-developing-clinical-symptoms-after-whiplash
#10
Juan A Sanchis-Gimeno, Marcelino Perez-Bermejo, Luis Rios, Susanna Llido, Markus Bastir, Esther Blanco-Perez, Federico Mata-Escolano
INTRODUCTION: Currently there is no information about the possibility of developing clinical symptoms after whiplash in double transverse foramen subjects. Our aim was to test whether subjects with double transverse foramen have an increased risk of presenting with acute headache, dizziness, vertebral artery dissection, and vomiting after whiplash. METHODS: We recorded the absence/presence of double transverse foramen, and the absence/presence of neck pain, acute headache, dizziness, vertebral artery dissection, and vomiting in 85 patients who had suffered whiplash injuries in car rear-end impacts in road traffic accidents...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508698/negative-impact-of-litigation-procedures-on-patient-outcomes-four-years-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-from-the-paris-traumatic-brain-injury-study
#11
Eléonore Bayen, Claire Jourdan, Idir Ghout, Pascale Pradat-Diehl, Emmanuelle Darnoux, Gaëlle Nelson, Claire Vallat-Azouvi, James Charenton, Philippe Aegerter, Alexis Ruet, Philippe Azouvi
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of litigation procedures on long-term outcomes in severe traumatic brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational follow-up of an inception cohort including 504 adults with severe traumatic brain injury recruited in 2005-2007 in the Parisian area, France, with initial, one- and four-year outcomes measures. RESULTS: Four years after the traumatic brain injury, 147 patients, out of 257 who survived the acute phase, were assessed...
May 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508521/an-incidental-diffuse-midline-glioma-found-at-autopsy
#12
Meggen Walsh, William Hamilton, Vektra Casler, Anthony Yachnis
This case shows an unexpected midline glioma found at autopsy. Two siblings were riding on a single bicycle on the side of a road. The 13-year-old brother was seated and steering the bicycle, while the 14-year-old sister held onto the back. The bicycle veered left into traffic and was struck by a vehicle. The siblings were admitted to the local Level 1 trauma center, but both later succumbed to injuries. Autopsies were performed on the children, including brains for neuropathologic evaluation. The brother was found to have an infiltrating astrocytoma located in the left middle cerebellar peduncle, with extension to the pons and medulla...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507999/risk-factors-of-road-traffic-accidents-associated-mortality-in-northern-iran-a-single-center-experience-utilizing-oaxaca-blinder-decomposition
#13
Faranak Sherafati, Enayatollah Homaie-Rad, Abolhassan Afkar, Ramin Gholampoor-Sigaroodi, Soheil Sirusbakht
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in death after receiving emergency services in traffic accidents between urban and rural regions, and decompose factors of the gap in Langerood, Northern Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Langrood, Northern Iran during a 1-year period from 2013 to 2014. The hospital data of traffic crashes were used. Data contained those patients who survived at the scene of accident. Injury severity score, time to admission, age, gender, season of crash and type of collision were variables used in this study...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507966/ipsilateral-hip-and-knee-dislocation-with-open-tibial-fracture-a-case-report-of-a-limb-threatening-injury
#14
Ramesh Perumal, S R Sundararajan, J Vasudeva, S Rajasekaran
INTRODUCTION: Hip or knee dislocations are usually treated as a surgical emergency, but ipsilateral hip and knee dislocation should be considered a dual emergency that must be addressed immediately and reduced at the earliest. We present here the sequence of events and the final functional outcome of one such rare injury manages by us. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old male was involved in a road traffic accident. He presented to the emergency department in 4 h injury time with painful deformities of the right hip and knee, along with Type I open wound right leg with abnormal mobility suggestive of fracture in the ipsilateral leg...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507962/dislocation-intermediate-cuneiform-with-fracture-medial-cuneiform
#15
Ajay Pal Singh, Arun Pal Singh, Vipul Garg, Jasjot Singh Garcha
INTRODUCTION: Dislocation of intermediate cuneiform is a rare injury in English language literature. Dislocation of intermediate cuneiform with undisplaced medial cuneiform fracture has been reported only once. We report the first case of dislocation intermediate cuneiform with displaced medial cuneiform fracture. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old male was diagnosed of dislocation of intermediate cuneiform with fracture medial cuneiform after a road traffic accident. This was treated by a method of distractor application that is only reported in navicular fracture dislocation...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507612/pattern-of-injuries-in-fatal-motorcycle-accidents-seen-in-lagos-state-university-teaching-hospital-an-autopsy-based-study
#16
Francis Faduyile, Festus Emiogun, Sunday Soyemi, Olugbenga Oyewole, Uche Okeke, Oluseun Williams
BACKGROUND: Deaths from motorcycle accident injuries have remained a major public health issue in Nigeria over the years. AIM: The study is to determine the age and gender distribution of the victims and to identify the cause of death and the anatomical pattern of injuries seen. METHODOLOGY: This is a 5-year autopsy-based study of all motorcycle accident deaths seen in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital between December 2009 and November 2014...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507367/management-of-cervical-trauma-a-brief-review
#17
Mohsin Qadeer, Salman Sharif
Cervical injury is not uncommon in any trauma, especially in road traffic accident. A standard approach, towards, transport, workup, and management is required for best outcomes, and decrease morbidity. We tried to review the recent literature and briefly discuss the management protocols concluded that in our setting, emergency ambulance personnel and Emergency Room doctors should be trained in dealing with all kinds of cervical spine trauma, they should be aware of recent guidelines and should refrain from using steroids routinely...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504848/association-of-traumatic-head%C3%A2-injuries-and-maxillofacial-fractures-a-retrospective-study
#18
Maher M Abosadegh, Shaifulizan Ab Rahman, Norkhafizah Saddki
The association of traumatic head injury (THI) with maxillofacial fractures (MFF) is a major health concern worldwide. In spite of the close anatomical proximity of maxillofacial bones to the cranium, the association of THI with MFF is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the association between traumatic head injuries (THI) and maxillofacial fractures (MFF). Other factors associated with THI in patients with MFF were also investigated MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective study was conducted at the OMFS Unit, Hospital USM, Kelantan, Malaysia...
May 15, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503327/the-characteristics-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injuries-at-a-referral-hospital-in-northern-tanzania
#19
Sakina Mehboob Rashid, Mubashir Alavi Jusabani, Faiton Ndesanjo Mandari, Marieke Cornelia Johanna Dekker
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in Northern Tanzania. SETTING: Main referral hospital for Northern Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective review of 125 TSCI cases admitted to Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC) over a period of 5 years. RESULTS: We included 125 patients in the sample size, with a male majority of 107 (85...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501126/perceptions-regarding-helmet-use-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-female-pillions-in-karachi-pakistan
#20
Maryam Saeed, Selma Marie Siddiqui, Uzma Rahim Khan, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: In 2011, road traffic injury-associated fatalities among motorized two-wheeler (MTW) pillion riders (backseat two-wheeler passengers) rose 30% in Karachi. Despite mandatory helmet laws, helmet use fell 20% the same year. This study aims to identify opinions of female pillions on helmet usage and whether various forms of media influence their self-perception. METHODS: Trained surveyors, using a survey tool used in similar studies in South Asia, conducted random, man-on-the-street interviews of 400 women in four areas of Karachi...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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