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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635868/-the-modern-possibilities-for-the-application-of-photogrammetry-in-forensic-medical-traumatology
#1
V A Fetisov, I Yu Makarov, A A Gusarov, A S Lorents, S A Smirenin, V B Stragis
The authors discuss the modern possibilities and prospects for the application of photogrammetry (FM) in forensic medical traumatology based on the results of the analysis of the many-year experience reported in the foreign periodicals with special reference to road traffic injuries, gunshot wounds, and animals' bites. The examples of objective difficulties and promising prospects for the further application of the FM techniques in the practical work of forensic medical experts and medical criminalists are considered with reference to the use of various FM-based methods and equipment including 3D laser scanners, chambers, stereoscopic mounting attachments, etc...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630841/bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-above-knee-amputation-surgical-technique
#2
Ramesh Perumal, Santhosh Ram Gaddam, J Vasudeva, J Dheenadhayalan, S Rajasekaran
INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck fractures are a common occurrence in lower limb amputees. Good post-operative results of hip hemiarthroplasty have been described in below-knee amputees. However, to our knowledge, very few such cases have been reported in above-knee amputees. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 75-year-old male patient who underwent above-knee amputation of the right lower limb for severe crush injury right leg and a bipolar hemiarthroplasty for an ipsilateral fracture neck of femur sustained in the same road traffic accident...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624588/segmented-regression-analysis-of-interrupted-time-series-data-to-assess-outcomes-of-a-south-american-road-traffic-alcohol-policy-change
#3
Beatriz Nistal-Nuño
BACKGROUND: In Chile, a new law introduced in March 2012 decreased the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for driving while impaired from 1 to 0.8 g/l and the legal BAC limit for driving under the influence of alcohol from 0.5 to 0.3 g/l. The goal is to assess the impact of this new law on mortality and morbidity outcomes in Chile. METHODS: A review of national databases in Chile was conducted from January 2003 to December 2014. Segmented regression analysis of interrupted time series was used for analyzing the data...
June 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622832/management-of-war-related-vascular-wounds-in-french-role-3-hospital-during-the-afghan-campaign
#4
REVIEW
Fabien Beranger, Henri De Lesquen, Olivier Aoun, Cédric Roqueplo, Léon Meyrat, Claudia Natale, Jean-Philippe Avaro
OBJECTIVES: To describe the management of war-related vascular injuries in the Kabul French military hospital. METHODS: From January 2009 to April 2013, in the Kabul French military hospital, we prospectively included all patients presenting with war-related vascular injuries. We collected the following data: site, type, and mechanism of vascular injury, associated trauma, type of vascular repair, amputation rate and complications. RESULTS: Out of the 922 soldiers admitted for emergency surgical care, we recorded 45 (5%) patients presenting with vascular injuries: 30 (67%) gunshot-related, 11 (24%) explosive device-related, and 4 (9%) due to road traffic accident...
June 10, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615044/comparison-of-transportation-related-injury-mechanisms-and-outcome-of-young-road-users-and-adult-road-users-a-retrospective-analysis-on-24-373-patients-derived-from-the-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#5
Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon, Paola Koenen
BACKGROUND: Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a high injury severity rate. Understanding injury mechanism and pattern in a group of young road users may reduce morbidity and mortality. This study analyzes injury patterns and outcomes of young road users compared to adult road users. The comparison takes into account different transportation related injury mechanisms...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612900/italian-law-on-the-vehicular-homicide-medical-legal-issues-and-comparative-analysis
#6
G Montanari Vergallo, E Marinelli, N M di Luca, V Masotti, R Cecchi, S Zaami
Law no. 41/2016, enacted after a parliamentary debate characterized by a strong media pressure, intends to give a strong response to the growing social alarm caused by road accidents causing deaths. In this perspective, it introduced the categories of road homicide and road injuries within the Penal Code and the new hypotheses of mandatory and facultative arrest in flagrante delicto. This paper aims at comparing the rules by which the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Germany and Italy protect people's lives and safety of vehicular traffic in order to highlight strengths and weaknesses with a view to future reforms...
May 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607825/cranioplasty-indications-procedures-and-outcome-an-institutional-experience
#7
Syed M Andrabi, Arif H Sarmast, Altaf R Kirmani, Abdul R Bhat
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty, the repair of a skull vault defect by insertion of an object (bone or nonbiological materials such as metal or plastic plates), is a well-known procedure in modern neurosurgery. Brain protection and cosmetic aspects are the major indications of cranioplasty. A retroprospective study was conducted for evaluating the indications, materials used, complications, and outcome of cranioplasty. METHODS: This study was prospective from August 2013 to September 2015 and retrospective from August 2010 to July 2013...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606790/unstable-open-posterior-subtalar-dislocation-treated-with-a-ring-external-fixator-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Alex Quok An Teo, Fucai Han, Yu Han Chee, Gavin Kane O'Neill
Traumatic dislocation of the subtalar joint is an infrequently occurring injury, with open true posterior dislocation an even rarer injury. We describe our treatment of a young motorcyclist who was brought into hospital after a road traffic accident, having sustained an open posterior subtalar dislocation. After initial reduction and resuscitation in the emergency department, he was taken to the operating theater for emergent wound debridement and external fixation of his ankle using a unilateral external fixator device...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606439/the-epidemiological-analysis-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-italy-the-experience-of-a-single-tertiary-center-with-1720-patients
#9
Paola Bonavolontà, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Vincenzo Abbate, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Carmelo Lo Faro, Marzia Petrocelli, Federica Attanasi, Giacomo De Riu, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial fractures represent a serious public health problem. Their epidemiology is extremely variable, and its analysis is crucial to establish effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. However only two works have been published about maxillofacial fracture epidemiology in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 1720 patients diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures in a 15-years period (2001-2015) in our department were retrospectively reviewed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601747/road-traffic-crash-risk-associated-with-prescription-of-hydroxyzine-and-other-sedating-h1-antihistamines-a-responsibility-and-case-crossover-study
#10
Ludivine Orriols, Audrey Luxcey, Benjamin Contrand, Anne Bénard-Laribière, Antoine Pariente, Blandine Gadegbeku, Emmanuel Lagarde
BACKGROUND: H1 antihistamines differ from each other by their ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. The resulting sedating effect can be sought in therapy but may be a driving hazard. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of sedating H1-antihistamines on the risk of road traffic crash, with a particular focus on hydroxyzine which is also indicated as an anxiolytic in France. METHODS: The study consisted in extracting and matching data from three French nationwide databases: the national healthcare insurance database, police reports and the police national database of injurious crashes...
June 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600579/road-crashes-in-older-persons-and-the-use-of-comorbidity-polypharmacy-score-in-an-asian-population
#11
Mui Teng Chua, Keshav Bhandari, Victor Yk Ong, Win Sen Kuan
INTRODUCTION: Age-related physiological changes predispose older road users to higher mortality from traffic crashes. We aimed to describe the injury epidemiology of these patients, and explore the association between the comorbidity polypharmacy score (CPS) and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study utilised data from the Trauma Registry in the National University Hospital, Singapore, between January 2011 and December 2014. Patients involved in traffic crashes aged 45 years and above with injury severity scores (ISS) of 9 and higher were included...
May 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599353/restricting-access-to-alcohol-and-public-health-evidence-from-electoral-dry-laws-in-brazil
#12
Marcos Y Nakaguma, Brandon J Restrepo
We analyze the impact of short-term alcohol bans on road traffic accidents, traffic injuries, and hospital admissions. We focus on the 2012 Municipal Elections in Brazil, during which 11 out of 27 states imposed on its 2,733 municipalities the decision to adopt alcohol bans. Using day-level data on municipalities, we find that alcohol bans caused substantial reductions in road crashes (19%), traffic injuries (43%), and traffic-related hospitalizations (17%). An analysis of traffic-related hospitalization costs allows us to estimate the lower bound of the negative externality associated with excessive alcohol consumption in this context, which reveals that electoral dry laws saved Brazil's public healthcare system $100,000 per day...
June 9, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595356/treatment-with-bupropion-and-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-and-the-risk-of-acute-cardiovascular-events-and-injuries-a-swedish-case-crossover-study
#13
Joel Monárrez-Espino, Maria Rosaria Galanti, Jenny Hansson, Imre Janszky, Karin Söderberg, Jette Möller
Introduction: Bupropion and varenicline are non-nicotine medications used for smoking cessation that mitigate craving and withdrawal symptoms. We aim to investigate whether these drugs increase the risk of selected acute adverse outcomes when used in medical practice. Methods: Population-based case-crossover design using data from Swedish health and administrative registers. Adult individuals diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction, stroke, suicide, suicide attempt, fall injury, or that suffered a road traffic crash from 01...
June 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592258/pathways-linking-car-transport-for-young-adults-and-the-public-health-in-northern-ireland-a-qualitative-study-to-inform-the-evaluation-of-graduated-driver-licensing
#14
Nicola Christie, Rebecca Steinbach, Judith Green, M Patricia Mullan, Lindsay Prior
BACKGROUND: Novice drivers are at relatively high risk of road traffic injury. There is good evidence that Graduated Driving Licensing (GDL) schemes reduce collisions rates, by reducing exposure to risk and by extending learning periods. Legislation for a proposed scheme in Northern Ireland was passed in 2016, providing an opportunity for future evaluation of the full public health impacts of a scheme in a European context within a natural experiment. This qualitative study was designed to inform the logic model for such an evaluation, and provide baseline qualitative data on the role of private cars in health and wellbeing...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591498/-methodologies-for-estimating-the-indirect-costs-of-traffic-accidents
#15
Soledad Carozzi, María Eugenia Elorza, Nebel Silvana Moscoso, Nadia Vanina Ripari
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents generate multiple costs to society, including those associated with the loss of productivity. However, there is no consensus about the most appropriate methodology for estimating those costs. The aim of this study was to review methods for estimating indirect costs applied in crash cost studies. METHODS: A thematic review of the literature was carried out between 1995 and 2012 in PubMed with the terms cost of illness, indirect cost, road traffic injuries, productivity loss...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584505/management-and-outcome-of-patients-with-pancreatic-trauma
#16
Ravinder Pal Singh, Anuj Mahajan, Jaspal Singh Selhi, Nikhil Garg, Honey Chahal, Manjyot Bajwa
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic trauma is a rare entity occurring in 0.2% of patients with blunt trauma abdomen. Once the diagnosis is made, the management of patients is dependent on multiple variables. Conservative management, suture repair, drainage, and resection have been utilized with varying degree of success. This study is aimed to evaluate the management of patients with pancreatic trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study done in the Department of Surgery in Dayanand Medical College and Hospital where forty hemodynamically stable patients diagnosed to have pancreatic trauma on contrast-enhanced computed tomography abdomen were included in the study...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584438/neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Ramanan Rajagopal, Swaminathan Ganesh, Muralidharan Vetrivel
A 29-year-old male admitted with severe traumatic brain injury following a road traffic accident was sedated and ventilated uneventfully for 72 h. On the fourth posttrauma day, after stopping sedation to assess readiness for extubation, he developed sudden onset desaturation; arterial blood gas showed severe diffusion defect with very low PaO2/FiO2 ratio following an episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizure. The differential diagnoses and further management are discussed.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581829/features-of-fatal-injuries-in-older-cyclists-in-vehicle-bicycle-accidents-in-japan
#18
Yasuhiro Matsui, Shoko Oikawa, Masahito Hitosugi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify and better understand the features of fatal injuries in cyclists aged 75 years and over involved in collisions with either hood- or van-type vehicles. METHODS: This study investigated the fatal injuries of cyclists aged 75 years old and over by analyzing accident data. We focused on the body regions in which the fatal injury occurred using vehicle-bicycle accident data from the Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis (ITARDA) in Japan...
June 5, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580223/carotid-cavernous-fistula-with-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-and-terson-syndrome-after-mid-facial-trauma
#19
Satya Karna, Mukesh Jain, Md Shahid Alam, Bipasha Mukherjee, Rajiv Raman
Objectives: To report a rare occurrence combination of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and Terson syndrome in a Barrow's type A carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) patient. Methods: Observational case report. Results: A twenty-year-old male patient with a history of road traffic accident presented with periorbital swelling and redness in the left eye. Examination revealed a CRAO with intraretinal and preretinal hemorrhages. On imaging, type A CCF and subarachnoid hemorrhage were detected. He underwent embolization of the fistula for cosmetic blemish...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574303/technological-solutions-for-an-effective-health-surveillance-system-for-road-traffic-crashes-in-burkina-faso
#20
Emmanuel Bonnet, Aude Nikiéma, Zoumana Traoré, Salifou Sidbega, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: In the early 2000s, electronic surveillance systems began to be developed to collect and transmit data on infectious diseases in low-income countries (LICs) in real-time using mobile technologies. Such surveillance systems, however, are still very rare in Africa. Among the non-infectious epidemics to be surveilled are road traffic injuries, which constitute major health events and are the fifth leading cause of mortality in Africa. This situation also prevails in Burkina Faso, whose capital city, Ouagadougou, is much afflicted by this burden...
2017: Global Health Action
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