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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135997/performances-of-the-piper-scalable-child-human-body-model-in-accident-reconstruction
#1
Chiara Giordano, Xiaogai Li, Svein Kleiven
Human body models (HBMs) have the potential to provide significant insights into the pediatric response to impact. This study describes a scalable/posable approach to perform child accident reconstructions using the Position and Personalize Advanced Human Body Models for Injury Prediction (PIPER) scalable child HBM of different ages and in different positions obtained by the PIPER tool. Overall, the PIPER scalable child HBM managed reasonably well to predict the injury severity and location of the children involved in real-life crash scenarios documented in the medical records...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122803/a-population-based-case-control-study-of-hospitalisation-due-to-head-injuries-among-bicyclists-and-motorcyclists-in-taiwan
#2
Chih-Wei Pai, Yi-Chu Chen, Hsiao-Yu Lin, Ping-Ling Chen
INTRODUCTION: According to official statistics in Taiwan, the main body region of injury causing bicyclist deaths is the head, and bicyclists are 2.6 times more likely to be fatally injured than motorcyclists. There is currently a national helmet law for motorcyclists but not for bicyclists. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether bicyclist casualties have higher odds of head-related hospitalisation than motorcyclists. This study also aims to investigate the determinants of head injury-related hospitalisation among bicyclists and motorcyclists...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119222/the-influence-of-an-injury-prevention-program-on-young-road-users-a-german-experience
#3
Thomas Brockamp, Paola Koenen, Michael Caspers, Bertil Bouillon, Michael Köhler, Uli Schmucker
PURPOSE: Trauma remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in youth. The Prevent Alcohol and Risk Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) program is an injury prevention program. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence on risk-taking behaviors and risk awareness on young road users by a pre-post-questionnaire. METHODS: A pre-post intervention study was performed using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contained three sections with different items (in total 22) to identify differences regarding students' risk behavior and risk awareness...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119221/preparing-japanese-surgeons-for-potential-mass-casualty-situations-will-require-innovative-and-systematic-programs
#4
H Uchino, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, W Bekker, G L Laing, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing state of global geo-political instability means that it is prudent to prepare civilian surgeons to manage major military-type trauma. Japan has enjoyed a prolonged period of peace and consequently it is unlikely that surgeons will have been exposed to a sufficient volume of cases. This study reviews the state of trauma training and preparedness in Japan and reviews the trauma workload of a major Japanese emergency medical center and compared with a major South African trauma center with the intention of quantifying and comparing the time needed to gain adequate exposure to major trauma at the two centers...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112145/pattern-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-rural-bangladesh-burden-estimates-and-risk-factors
#5
Md Kamran Ul Baset, Aminur Rahman, Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Fazlur Rahman
Globally, road traffic injury (RTI) causes 1.3 million deaths annually. Almost 90% of all RTI deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. RTI is one of the leading causes of death in Bangladesh; the World Health Organization estimated that it kills over 21,000 people in the country annually. This study describes the current magnitude and risk factors of RTI for different age groups in rural Bangladesh. A household census was carried out in 51 unions of seven sub-districts situated in the north and central part of Bangladesh between June and November 2013, covering 1...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101188/a-systematic-approach-to-injury-policy-assessment-introducing-the-assessment-of-child-injury-prevention-policies-a-chipp
#6
Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, David Meddings, Adnan A Hyder
INTRODUCTION: This study presents a systematic approach-assessment of child injury prevention policies (A-CHIPP)-to assess and track policies on effective child injury interventions at the national level. Results from an initial pilot test of the approach in selected countries are presented. METHOD: A literature review was conducted to identify conceptual models for injury policy assessment, and domains and indicators were proposed for assessing national injury policies for children aged 1-9 years...
November 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082907/self-discharge-against-medical-advice-from-tertiary-health-institution-a-call-for-concern
#7
Moruf Babatunde Yusuf, Johnson Dare Ogunlusi, Sunday Ogunsuyi Popoola, Sheriff Olawale Ogunlayi, Waheed Olaide Babalola, Kehinde Sunday Oluwadiya
BACKGROUND: Self-discharge by patients without completing their treatment is a problematic issue in healthcare and is strongly associated with readmission and poor treatment outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive study of the rate and reasons why patients with limb injuries took self-discharge against medical advice (DAMA) from our facility, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, a tertiary health institution between May 2011 and April 2014...
July 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082638/the-effect-of-changes-in-pain-expectations-on-persistent-pain-following-a-road-traffic-crash
#8
S L Edmed, K M Moss, J Warren, J Kenardy
BACKGROUND: Recovery expectations can influence outcomes after injury, but little is known about the course of expectations over time or factors predicting changes in expectations. This study aimed to describe how expectations of persistent pain change over time following a non-catastrophic injury sustained in a road traffic crash (RTC); identify the early predictors of change in expectations over time; and examine whether change in expectations predicted pain at 24 months post-RTC. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-seven participants (Mage = 49...
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081123/-risk-factors-for-road-traffic-injury-in-agricultural-vehicle-drivers
#9
M J Cui, Y Chen, Y Li, J Hu, X J Zhang
Objective: To examine the risk factors for road traffic injury in agricultural vehicle drivers. Methods: A total of 103 drivers (who had suffered agricultural vehicle road traffic injury within the past year based on the road traffic injury registrar from the Traffic Management Bureau) who were involved in the annual agricultural vehicle inspection from December 2014 to January 2015 were randomly sampled from the Yixing Agricultural Vehicle Station as the case group for this study. Based on a 1∶2 assignment ratio and matched for sex, age, and education, a total of 206 drivers who had not suffered any agricultural vehicle road traffic injury within the past year were selected as the control group...
August 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067067/an-analysis-of-3105-medico-legal-cases-at-tertiary-care-hospital-rawalpindi
#10
Romana Malik, Iffat Atif, Farah Rashid, Maqbool Abbas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medico legal cases are essential component of medical practice and comprise most important constituent of emergencies. The reporting of such cases is imperative to recognize theirsocioeconomic burden on any country. The present study was conducted to scrutinize different categories of medico legal cases and characteristics of the victims at casualty department oftertiary care hospital Rawalpindi. The objective of the study was to find out the frequency ofvarious categories of medico legal cases and major characteristics ofvictims at tertiary care hospital, Rawalpindi...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065899/upper-extremity-open-fractures-in-hospitalized-road-traffic-accident-patients-adult-versus-pediatric-cases
#11
Guy Rubin, Kobi Peleg, Adi Givon, Nimrod Rozen
BACKGROUND: Fractures in pediatrics show epidemiological characteristics which are different from fractures in adults. The objective of this study was to examine the injury profiles of open upper extremity fractures (UEFs) in all modes of injury related to road traffic accidents (RTAs) in adult and pediatric hospitalized patients. METHODS: Data on 103,465 RTA patients between 1997 and 2013 whose records were entered in a centralized country trauma database were reviewed...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062345/distraction-related-road-traffic-collisions
#12
Hani O Eid, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively study distraction-related road traffic collision injuries, their contributory factors, severity, and outcome. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all hospitalized road traffic collision trauma patients in Al-Ain City who were drivers at the collision time over one and half years. Driver's inattentive behaviors preceding the collision were collected by interviewing the admitted drivers. RESULTS: There were 444 drivers, 330 of them were fully oriented patients, out of them only 44 (13%) were distracted...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060975/-disease-burden-of-injuries-in-children-aged-0-14-year-old-in-1990-and-2013-in-china
#13
P P Ye, Y Jin, Y L Er, X Deng, Y Wang, X Gao, L L Duan, L H Wang
Objective: To analyze the disease burden of injuries in Chinese children aged between 0-14-year-old, in 1990 and 2013. Methods: Data derived from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 was used to analyze the disease burden of injuries among children aged between 0-14-year-old in each province of China, using relevant indicators including mortality and the rate on disability-adjusted life years (DALY). Results: In 2013, the number of deaths, rates on mortality and DALY caused by injuries in children aged between 0-14-year-old were 73 766, 29...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060972/-disease-burden-on-road-injury-in-the-chinese-population-in-1990-and-2013
#14
Y Wang, P P Ye, Y Jin, Y L Er, X Deng, X Gao, C R Ji, L Yang, W Wang, L L Duan, L H Wang
Objective: To explore the disease burden of road injuries in China. Methods: The results of Global Burden of Disease 2013 including death rate, disability-adjusted of life years (DALY), years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL), years lived with disability (YLD), were used to describe the burden caused by road injuries in 2013 and the trends from 1990 to 2013, in China. Results: In 2013, there were 313 676 deaths caused by traffic accidents in China. Death rate, rates on DALY, YLL and YLD were 22...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059658/road-safety-in-poland-magnitude-causes-and-injuries
#15
Krzysztof Goniewicz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Witold Pawłowski, Piotr Fiedor, Dorota Lasota
Road accidents are a serious problem of the modern world. They are one of the main causes of injuries and are the third most frequent cause of death. Every year, about one million people, adults and children, die on the roads and several millions get injured. Mortality rate due to injuries from road accidents amounts to 2.2% of all deaths in the world. The research presents epidemiology of road accidents in the period 2004-2015 with particular emphasis on the key issues of road safety in Poland, related to the dangerous behaviour of road users (disregard toward traffic rules)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052830/diaphragmatic-rupture-a-single-institution-experience-and-literature-review
#16
Carlo Corbellini, Stefano Costa, Tiberio Canini, Roberta Villa, Ettore Contessini Avesani
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic rupture (DR) is a rare and potentially life-threatening event caused by trauma or spontaneously. DR occasionally occurs several months after the injury. Chest X-ray and computed tomography are the most effective diagnostic methods. Delay in DR diagnosis occurs frequently. This study aimed to examine and improve our understanding of the etiology, clinical presentation, and management of DR. METHODS: This study was performed at the Emergency and General Surgery Department of Fondazione I...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047445/transport-and-public-health-in-china-the-road-to-a-healthy-future
#17
REVIEW
Baoguo Jiang, Song Liang, Zhong-Ren Peng, Haozhe Cong, Morgan Levy, Qu Cheng, Tianbing Wang, Justin V Remais
Transportation-related risk factors are a major source of morbidity and mortality in China, where the expansion of road networks and surges in personal vehicle ownership are having profound effects on public health. Road traffic injuries and fatalities have increased alongside increased use of motorised transport in China, and accident injury risk is aggravated by inadequate emergency response systems and trauma care. National air quality standards and emission control technologies are having a positive effect on air quality, but persistent air pollution is increasingly attributable to a growing and outdated vehicle fleet and to famously congested roads...
October 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042520/-epilepsy-and-driving
#18
Shunsuke Takagi, Masato Matsuura
In Japan, the Road Traffic Act was amended in 2013, and the revision was enacted in 2014. This revision includes new rules such as the requirement that a driver declare medical conditions on licensing, with a penalty for false statements. There is also a new voluntary notification system that enables doctors to report unlawful drivers. At the same time, the new Criminal Law Act was enacted. This act provides a penalty for causing death or injury to other persons by driving under the influence of specific drugs or diseases, including epilepsy...
October 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042090/the-natural-history-of-flail-chest-injuries
#19
Kamil Naidoo, Layth Hanbali, Peter Bates
PURPOSE: Flail chest (FC) injuries represent a significant burden on trauma services because of its high morbidity and mortality. Current gold standard conservative management strategies for FC, are now being challenged by renewed interest in surgical rib fixation. This retrospective epidemiological study sets out to evaluate FC patients, and quantify the natural history of this injury by studying the injury patterns, epidemiology and mortality of patients sustaining FC injuries admitted to a major trauma centre (MTC)...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040873/hazard-perception-skills-of-young-drivers-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-can-be-improved-with-computer-based-driver-training-an-exploratory-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
C R Bruce, C A Unsworth, M P Dillon, R Tay, T Falkmer, P Bird, L M Carey
BACKGROUND: Young drivers with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at higher risk of road traffic injuries than their peers. Increased risk correlates with poor hazard perception skill. Few studies have investigated hazard perception training using computer technology with this group of drivers. OBJECTIVES: *Determine the presence and magnitude of the between-group and within- subject change in hazard perception skills in young drivers with ADHD who receive Drive Smart training...
October 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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