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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281087/genetic-differentiation-between-upland-and-lowland-populations-shapes-the-y-chromosomal-landscape-of-west-asia
#1
O Balanovsky, M Chukhryaeva, V Zaporozhchenko, V Urasin, M Zhabagin, A Hovhannisyan, A Agdzhoyan, K Dibirova, M Kuznetsova, S Koshel, E Pocheshkhova, I Alborova, R Skhalyakho, O Utevska, Kh Mustafin, L Yepiskoposyan, C Tyler-Smith, E Balanovska
Y-chromosomal variation in West Asian populations has so far been studied in less detail than in the neighboring Europe. Here, we analyzed 598 Y-chromosomes from two West Asian subregions-Transcaucasia and the Armenian plateau-using 40 Y-SNPs and 17 Y-STRs and combined them with previously published data from the region. The West Asian populations fell into two clusters: upland populations from the Anatolian, Armenian and Iranian plateaus, and lowland populations from the Levant, Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula...
April 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253312/monumental-megalithic-burial-and-rock-art-tell-a-new-story-about-the-levant-intermediate-bronze-dark-ages
#2
Gonen Sharon, Alon Barash, Davida Eisenberg-Degen, Leore Grosman, Maya Oron, Uri Berger
The Intermediate Bronze Age (IB) in the Southern Levant (ca. 2350-2000 BCE) is known as the "Dark Ages," following the collapse of Early Bronze urban society and predating the establishment of the Middle Bronze cities. The absence of significant settlements and monumental building has led to the reconstruction of IB social organization as that of nomadic, tribal society inhabiting rural villages with no central governmental system. Excavation in the Shamir Dolmen Field (comprising over 400 dolmens) on the western foothills of the Golan Heights was carried out following the discovery of rock art engravings on the ceiling of the central chamber inside one of the largest dolmens ever recorded in the Levant...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249173/fertilization-and-connectivity-in-the-garrucha-canyon-se-spain-implications-for-marine-spatial-planning
#3
M Muñoz, A Reul, M Vargas-Yáñez, F Plaza, B Bautista, M C García-Martínez, F Moya, M-L Gómez-Moreno, J A Fernandes, V Rodríguez
Marine Spatial Planning is usually based on benthic georeferenced information or GPS tracked human activities, whereas the pelagic ecosystem is often ignored because of scarce and limited surface information. However, the 3-D pelagic ecosystem plays a key role connecting all the other ecosystems by physical (currents) and biological (migration) processes. According to remote sensing the Garrucha Canyon is oligotrophic, but 3-D sampling reveals subsurface upwelling, and converts it into the richest area around the Cape of Gata...
February 21, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240017/prevalence-of-egfr-and-alk-mutations-in-lung-adenocarcinomas-in-the-levant-area-a-prospective-analysis
#4
Arafat Tfayli, Hind Rafei, Alain Mina, Maya Khalil, Najla Fakhreddin, Rami Mahfouz, Shadi Hamouri, Fadi Farhat, Ziad Salem, Haifa Dbouk, Haider Rabee, Nagi Saghir, Ali Shamseddine, Jawad Makarem, Nizar Bitar, Anas Mougharbil, Hazem Assi, Sally Temraz, Deborah Mukherji, Ismail Matalka, Ghazi Zaatari
Background: A significant percentage of lung adenocarcinomas have a driver mutation. To date, there has been no assessment of the prevalence of such mutations in a Middle Eastern population. The present multicenter prospective study of formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues from patients diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma was performed to assess the prevalence of EGFR and ALK mutations in the Levant. Methods: Patients of Middle Eastern origin with lung adenocarcinomas at 10 sites in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq were prospectively enrolled...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236799/safe-procedure-development-to-manage-hazardous-drugs-in-the-workplace
#5
Marisa Gaspar Carreño, Rubén Achau Muñoz, Fátima Torrico Martín, Juan José Agún Gonzalez, Jose Cristobal Sanchez Santos, Ana Cristina Cercos Lletí, Pedro Ramos Orozco
OBJECTIVE: To develop a safety working procedure for the employees in the Intermutual Hospital de Levante (HIL) in those areas of activity that deal with the handling of hazardous drugs (MP). METHODS: The procedure was developed in six phases: 1) hazard definition; 2) definition and identification of processes and development of general correct work practices about hazardous drugs' selection and special handling; 3) detection, selection and set of specific recommendations to handle with hazardous drugs during the processes of preparation and administration included in the hospital GFT; 4) categorization of risk during the preparation/administration and development of an identification system; 5) information and training of professionals; 6) implementation of the identification measures and prevention guidelines...
March 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207555/human-immunodeficiency-virus-negative-plasmablastic-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Li Lin, Xudong Zhang, Meng Dong, Ling Li, Xinhua Wang, Lei Zhang, Xiaorui Fu, Zhenchang Sun, Jingjing Wu, Zhaoming Li, Yu Chang, Yingjun Wang, Zhiyuan Zhou, Mingzhi Zhang, Qingjiang Chen
RATIONALE: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare subtype of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that predominantly manifests in the oral cavity. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three cases of HIV-negative PBL were reported. DIAGNOSES: HIV-negative PBL INTERVENTIONS:: The patient had undergone chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: Clinical outcomes were very poor in Cases 1 and 3; Case 2, whose diagnosis suggested no bone marrow involvement, is still alive...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193874/six-centuries-of-geomagnetic-intensity-variations-recorded-by-royal-judean-stamped-jar-handles
#7
Erez Ben-Yosef, Michael Millman, Ron Shaar, Lisa Tauxe, Oded Lipschits
Earth's magnetic field, one of the most enigmatic physical phenomena of the planet, is constantly changing on various time scales, from decades to millennia and longer. The reconstruction of geomagnetic field behavior in periods predating direct observations with modern instrumentation is based on geological and archaeological materials and has the twin challenges of (i) the accuracy of ancient paleomagnetic estimates and (ii) the dating of the archaeological material. Here we address the latter by using a set of storage jar handles (fired clay) stamped by royal seals as part of the ancient administrative system in Judah (Jerusalem and its vicinity)...
February 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187589/palaearctic-i-protosmia-i-bees-of-the-subgenus-i-chelostomopsis%C3%A2-i-megachilidae-osmiini-biology-taxonomy-and-key-to-species
#8
Andreas Müller
Chelostomopsis represents a subgenus of the osmiine bee genus Protosmia (Megachilidae) containing three Palaearctic and one Nearctic species. Analysis of female pollen loads and literature data indicate that all Chelostomopsis species are broad pollen generalists exploiting the flowers of numerous plant families, such as Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Lamiaceae, Cistaceae and Brassicaceae. Preexisting linear cavities in dead wood or pine cones serve as nesting sites and pure resin is used to construct cell partitions and nest plug...
February 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165278/family-psychology-and-the-psychology-of-men-and-masculinities
#9
Ronald F Levant
This article was invited to mark the 30th anniversary of the Journal of Family Psychology, which is also the 125th anniversary of APA publications. I served as the second Editor of the journal, from 1992 to 1997. I reflect on some of the similarities and differences between the journal's mission statements from 1992 and 2016, and then discuss my intellectual evolution from family psychologist to psychologist of men and masculinities, pointing out opportunities for collaboration. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153924/correlations-between-circadian-rhythms-and-growth-in-challenging-environments
#10
Yuri Dakhiya, Duaa Hussien, Eyal Fridman, Moshe Kiflawi, Rachel Green
In plants, the circadian system controls a plethora of processes, many with agronomic importance, such as photosynthesis, photoprotection, stomatal opening, and photoperiodic development, as well as molecular processes, such as gene expression. It has been suggested that modifying circadian rhythms may be a means to manipulate crops to develop improved plants for agriculture. However, there is very little information on how the clock influences the performance of crop plants. We used a noninvasive, high-throughput technique, based on prompt chlorophyll fluorescence, to measure circadian rhythms and demonstrated that the technique works in a range of plants...
March 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132730/temporal-trends-in-live-foraminiferal-assemblages-near-a-pollution-outfall-on-the-levant-shelf
#11
Roni Tadir, Chaim Benjamini, Ahuva Almogi-Labin, Orit Hyams-Kaphzan
Long and short term effects of activated sewage sludge input on live benthic foraminiferal assemblages of the shallow shelf off Palmachim, Israel were examined at three stations along the eutrophic gradient. Over ten years from 2003 to 2012, foraminiferal abundance decreased dramatically by >50% in all stations. In 2012, new species were found near the discharge point, relative abundance of the dominant species decreased and in-sediment depth increased. In the remote stations the dominant species failed to bloom seasonally...
January 26, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105721/bioarchaeology-in-the-ancient-near-east-challenges-and-future-directions-for-the-southern-levant
#12
Susan Guise Sheridan
The synthesis of biological anthropology, archaeology, and social theory provides a bioarchaeological model to reconstruct nuanced aspects of demography, diet, disease, death, daily activities, and biodistance, even in the absence of discrete burials. Numerous skeletal assemblages in the southern Levant are composed of mixed and fragmented bones resulting from generational use of cemeteries, mass burial, and additional communal burial practices. Others become commingled due to taphonomic processes such as flooding, geological events, or human mediated mechanisms like looting, improper excavation, and poor curation...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028461/an-integrative-systematic-revision-and-biogeography-of-rhynchocalamus-snakes-reptilia-colubridae-with-a-description-of-a-new-species-from-israel
#13
Karin Tamar, Jiří Šmíd, Bayram Göçmen, Shai Meiri, Salvador Carranza
BACKGROUND: The colubrid snakes of the genus Rhynchocalamus are seldom studied and knowledge of their ecology and life history is scarce. Three species of Rhynchocalamus are currently recognized, R. satunini (from Turkey eastwards to Iran), R. arabicus (Yemen and Oman), and R. melanocephalus (from the Sinai Peninsula northwards to Turkey). All are slender, secretive, mainly nocturnal and rare fossorial snakes. This comprehensive study is the first to sample all known Rhynchocalamus species in order to review the intra-generic phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of the genus...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980031/archaeointensity-results-spanning-the-past-6-kiloyears-from-eastern-china-and-implications-for-extreme-behaviors-of-the-geomagnetic-field
#14
Shuhui Cai, Guiyun Jin, Lisa Tauxe, Chenglong Deng, Huafeng Qin, Yongxin Pan, Rixiang Zhu
Variations of the Earth's geomagnetic field during the Holocene are important for understanding centennial to millennial-scale processes of the Earth's deep interior and have enormous potential implications for chronological correlations (e.g., comparisons between different sedimentary recording sequences, archaeomagnetic dating). Here, we present 21 robust archaeointensity data points from eastern China spanning the past ∼6 kyr. These results add significantly to the published data both regionally and globally...
January 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930348/regional-diversity-on-the-timing-for-the-initial-appearance-of-cereal-cultivation-and-domestication-in-southwest-asia
#15
Amaia Arranz-Otaegui, Sue Colledge, Lydia Zapata, Luis Cesar Teira-Mayolini, Juan José Ibáñez
Recent studies have broadened our knowledge regarding the origins of agriculture in southwest Asia by highlighting the multiregional and protracted nature of plant domestication. However, there have been few archaeobotanical data to examine whether the early adoption of wild cereal cultivation and the subsequent appearance of domesticated-type cereals occurred in parallel across southwest Asia, or if chronological differences existed between regions. The evaluation of the available archaeobotanical evidence indicates that during Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultivation of wild cereal species was common in regions such as the southern-central Levant and the Upper Euphrates area, but the plant-based subsistence in the eastern Fertile Crescent (southeast Turkey, Iran, and Iraq) focused on the exploitation of plants such as legumes, goatgrass, fruits, and nuts...
December 6, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902736/provisioning-the-ritual-neolithic-site-of-kfar-hahoresh-israel-at-the-dawn-of-animal-management
#16
Jacqueline S Meier, A Nigel Goring-Morris, Natalie D Munro
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this critical change grows, sites that represent different functions and multiple time periods are needed to refine the timing, pace and character of changing human-animal relationships within the geographically variable southern Levant...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889491/pramipexole-enhances-disadvantageous-decision-making-lack-of-relation-to-changes-in-phasic-dopamine-release
#17
Romina Pes, Sean C Godar, Andrew T Fox, Lauren M Burgeno, Hunter J Strathman, David P Jarmolowicz, Paola Devoto, Beth Levant, Paul E Phillips, Stephen C Fowler, Marco Bortolato
Pramipexole (PPX) is a high-affinity D2-like dopamine receptor agonist, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) and restless leg syndrome. Recent evidence indicates that PPX increases the risk of problem gambling and impulse-control disorders in vulnerable patients. Although the molecular bases of these complications remain unclear, several authors have theorized that PPX may increase risk propensity by activating presynaptic dopamine receptors in the mesolimbic system, resulting in the reduction of dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc)...
March 1, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876762/the-stable-microbiome-of-inter-and-sub-tidal-anemone-species-under-increasing-pco2
#18
Erinn M Muller, Maoz Fine, Kim B Ritchie
Increasing levels of pCO2 within the oceans will select for resistant organisms such as anemones, which may thrive under ocean acidification conditions. However, increasing pCO2 may alter the bacterial community of marine organisms, significantly affecting the health status of the host. A pH gradient associated with a natural volcanic vent system within Levante Bay, Vulcano Island, Italy, was used to test the effects of ocean acidification on the bacterial community of two anemone species in situ, Anemonia viridis and Actinia equina using 16 S rDNA pyrosequencing...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871955/challenges-to-practicing-sexual-medicine-in-the-middle-east
#19
REVIEW
Abdulaziz Baazeem
INTRODUCTION: The Middle East is a vast region that includes the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, Iran, the Levant, and North Africa. Some of the world's earliest civilizations appeared in this region and major religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam originated there. It is an influential region in politics, economy, and resources, but it remains largely enigmatic to those outside the region. The various ethnicities, religions, traditions, and customs in the region have made it unique and diverse at the same time...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853237/multi-species-collapses-at-the-warm-edge-of-a-warming-sea
#20
Gil Rilov
Even during the current biodiversity crisis, reports on population collapses of highly abundant, non-harvested marine species were rare until very recently. This is starting to change, especially at the warm edge of species' distributions where populations are more vulnerable to stress. The Levant basin is the southeastern edge of distribution of most Mediterranean species. Coastal water conditions are naturally extreme, and are fast warming, making it a potential hotspot for species collapses. Using multiple data sources, I found strong evidence for major, sustained, population collapses of two urchins, one large predatory gastropod and a reef-building gastropod...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
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