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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902736/provisioning-the-ritual-neolithic-site-of-kfar-hahoresh-israel-at-the-dawn-of-animal-management
#1
Jacqueline S Meier, A Nigel Goring-Morris, Natalie D Munro
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this critical change grows, sites that represent different functions and multiple time periods are needed to refine the timing, pace and character of changing human-animal relationships within the geographically variable southern Levant...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889491/pramipexole-enhances-disadvantageous-decision-making-lack-of-relation-to-changes-in-phasic-dopamine-release
#2
Romina Pes, Sean C Godar, Andrew T Fox, Lauren M Burgeno, Hunter J Strathman, David P Jarmolowicz, Paola Devoto, Beth Levant, Paul E Phillips, Stephen C Fowler, Marco Bortolato
Pramipexole (PPX) is a high-affinity D2-like dopamine receptor agonist, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) and restless leg syndrome. Recent evidence indicates that PPX increases the risk of problem gambling and impulse-control disorders in vulnerable patients. Although the molecular bases of these complications remain unclear, several authors have theorized that PPX may increase risk propensity by activating presynaptic dopamine receptors in the mesolimbic system, resulting in the reduction of dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc)...
November 23, 2016: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876762/the-stable-microbiome-of-inter-and-sub-tidal-anemone-species-under-increasing-pco2
#3
Erinn M Muller, Maoz Fine, Kim B Ritchie
Increasing levels of pCO2 within the oceans will select for resistant organisms such as anemones, which may thrive under ocean acidification conditions. However, increasing pCO2 may alter the bacterial community of marine organisms, significantly affecting the health status of the host. A pH gradient associated with a natural volcanic vent system within Levante Bay, Vulcano Island, Italy, was used to test the effects of ocean acidification on the bacterial community of two anemone species in situ, Anemonia viridis and Actinia equina using 16 S rDNA pyrosequencing...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871955/challenges-to-practicing-sexual-medicine-in-the-middle-east
#4
REVIEW
Abdulaziz Baazeem
INTRODUCTION: The Middle East is a vast region that includes the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, Iran, the Levant, and North Africa. Some of the world's earliest civilizations appeared in this region and major religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam originated there. It is an influential region in politics, economy, and resources, but it remains largely enigmatic to those outside the region. The various ethnicities, religions, traditions, and customs in the region have made it unique and diverse at the same time...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853237/multi-species-collapses-at-the-warm-edge-of-a-warming-sea
#5
Gil Rilov
Even during the current biodiversity crisis, reports on population collapses of highly abundant, non-harvested marine species were rare until very recently. This is starting to change, especially at the warm edge of species' distributions where populations are more vulnerable to stress. The Levant basin is the southeastern edge of distribution of most Mediterranean species. Coastal water conditions are naturally extreme, and are fast warming, making it a potential hotspot for species collapses. Using multiple data sources, I found strong evidence for major, sustained, population collapses of two urchins, one large predatory gastropod and a reef-building gastropod...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848937/reconstructing-druze-population-history
#6
Scarlett Marshall, Ranajit Das, Mehdi Pirooznia, Eran Elhaik
The Druze are an aggregate of communities in the Levant and Near East living almost exclusively in the mountains of Syria, Lebanon and Israel whose ~1000 year old religion formally opposes mixed marriages and conversions. Despite increasing interest in genetics of the population structure of the Druze, their population history remains unknown. We investigated the genetic relationships between Israeli Druze and both modern and ancient populations. We evaluated our findings in light of three hypotheses purporting to explain Druze history that posit Arabian, Persian or mixed Near Eastern-Levantine roots...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845498/spatial-homogeneity-of-bacterial-and-archaeal-communities-in-the-deep-eastern-mediterranean-sea-surface-sediments
#7
Sabine Keuter, Baruch Rinkevich
The diversity of microorganisms inhabiting the deep sea surface sediments was investigated in 9 stations (700-1900 m depth) in the Levantine basin by 454 massive tag sequencing of the 16S rDNA V4 region using universal primers. In total, 108,811 reads (an average of 10,088 per sample) were assigned to 5014 bacterial and 966 archaeal operational taxonomic units (OTUs; at 97% cut off). The 55% of the reads were of archaea, indicating dominance of archaea over bacteria at eight of the stations. The diversity and estimated richness values were high (e...
June 2016: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832758/carriers-of-human-mitochondrial-dna-macrohaplogroup-m-colonized-india-from-southeastern-asia
#8
Patricia Marrero, Khaled K Abu-Amero, Jose M Larruga, Vicente M Cabrera
BACKGROUND: From a mtDNA dominant perspective, the exit from Africa of modern humans to colonize Eurasia occurred once, around 60 kya, following a southern coastal route across Arabia and India to reach Australia short after. These pioneers carried with them the currently dominant Eurasian lineages M and N. Based also on mtDNA phylogenetic and phylogeographic grounds, some authors have proposed the coeval existence of a northern route across the Levant that brought mtDNA macrohaplogroup N to Australia...
November 10, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811771/the-larvae-of-micropterna-coiffaiti-d%C3%A3-camps-1963-micropterna-taurica-martynov-1917-and-potamophylax-goulandriorum-malicky-1974-trichoptera-%C3%A2-limnephilidae-including-a-key-to-the-hitherto-known-stenophylacini-larvae-of-the-hellenic-western-balkan-region
#9
Johann Waringer, Hans Malicky
The paper gives a description of the hitherto unknown larvae of Micropterna coiffaiti, Micropterna taurica, and Potamophylax goulandriorum (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae). Information on the morphology of the larvae is given and the most important diagnostic features are illustrated. In the context of published keys, the larva of Micropterna coiffaiti keys together with Micropterna sequax, Stenophylax mitis, and Stenophylax permistus. Species can be easily diagnosed by presence/absence and the structure of posterior sclerites at the lateral protuberances, by the extent of head spinule fields, and by the number of posterolateral setae on abdominal dorsum IX...
October 12, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796701/bedouin-women-s-gender-preferences-when-choosing-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#10
Hadar Amir, Hanaa Abokaf, Yifat Amir Levy, Foad Azem, Eyal Sheiner
Patients' preferences in choosing obstetricians/gynecologists are widely investigated, but studies among traditional populations are lacking. Bedouins comprise a traditional Arab Muslim society in the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia), The Levant (Syria, Jordan and Israel) and North Africa (Egypt). Most of the Bedouins in Israel populate several villages, mostly in the southern part of the country. This cross-sectional study compared 200 Bedouin and 200 Jewish women who responded to an anonymous questionnaire...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766667/captagon-use-and-trade-in-the-middle-east
#11
Ahmed Al-Imam, Rita Santacroce, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Robert Chilcott, Giuseppe Bersani, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
BACKGROUND: Fenetheylline, a psychostimulant drug, often branded as Captagon, is a combination of amphetamine and theophylline. Since the cessation of its legal production in 1986, counterfeited products have been produced illicitly in south-east Europe and far-east Asia. Its profitable trade has been linked to terrorist organizations, including Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. This study aims to reach up-to-date data, concerning the Captagon e-commerce and use in the Middle East...
October 21, 2016: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766019/the-larvae-of-micropterna-coiffaiti-d%C3%A3-camps-1963-micropterna-taurica-martynov-1917-and-potamophylax-goulandriorum-trichoptera-limnephilidae-including-a-key-to-the-hitherto-known-stenophylacini-larvae-of-the-hellenic-western-balkan-region
#12
Johann Waringer, Hans Malicky
The paper gives a description of the hitherto unknown larvae of Micropterna coiffaiti, Micropterna taurica, and Potamophylax goulandriorum (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae). Information on the morphology of the larvae is given and the most important diagnostic features are illustrated. In the context of published keys, the larva of Micropterna coiffaiti keys together with Micropterna sequax, Stenophylax mitis, and Stenophylax permistus. Species can be easily diagnosed by presence/absence and the structure of posterior sclerites at the lateral protuberances, by the extent of head spinule fields, and by the number of posterolateral setae on abdominal dorsum IX...
October 12, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760164/risk-reliability-and-resilience-phytolith-evidence-for-alternative-neolithization-pathways-at-kharaneh-iv-in-the-azraq-basin-jordan
#13
Monica N Ramsey, Lisa A Maher, Danielle A Macdonald, Arlene Rosen
'Neolithization' pathway refers to the development of adaptations that characterized subsequent Neolithic life, sedentary occupations, and agriculture. In the Levant, the origins of these human behaviors are widely argued to have emerged during the Early Epipaleolithic (ca. 23 ka cal BP). Consequently, there has been a pre-occupation with identifying and modeling the dietary shift to cereal and grains during this period, which is considered to have been a key development that facilitated increasing sedentism and, eventually, agriculture...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627996/continuity-or-conquest-a-multi-isotope-approach-to-investigating-identity-in-the-early-iron-age-of-the-southern-levant
#14
Lesley A Gregoricka, Susan Guise Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: Across the Mediterranean and Near East, the transition from the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1550-1200 BC) to the Early Iron Age (ca. 1200-900 BC) was accompanied by profound cultural change. While this transformation was initially attributed to invasion or conquest, more recent, nuanced interpretations of archaeological and biological data now emphasize the decline of palatial economies, a shift away from centralized political authority, and internal social restructuring amidst rapid climate change in lieu of "collapse...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622425/morphological-change-in-cranial-shape-following-the-transition-to-agriculture-across-western-eurasia
#15
Olivia Cheronet, John A Finarelli, Ron Pinhasi
The Neolithic transition brought about fundamental social, dietary and behavioural changes in human populations, which, in turn, impacted skeletal morphology. Crania are shaped through diverse genetic, ontogenetic and environmental factors, reflecting various elements of an individual's life. To determine the transition's effect on cranial morphology, we investigated its potential impact on the face and vault, two elements potentially responding to different influences. Three datasets from geographically distant regions (Ukraine, Iberia, and the Levant plus Anatolia) were analysed...
September 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598043/construct-validity-evidence-for-the-male-role-norms-inventory-short-form-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach-using-the-bifactor-model
#16
Ronald F Levant, Rosalie J Hall, Ingrid K Weigold, Eric R McCurdy
The construct validity of the Male Role Norms Inventory-Short Form (MRNI-SF) was assessed using a latent variable approach implemented with structural equation modeling (SEM). The MRNI-SF was specified as having a bifactor structure, and validation scales were also specified as latent variables. The latent variable approach had the advantages of separating effects of general and specific factors and controlling for some sources of measurement error. Data (N = 484) were from a diverse sample (38.8% men of color, 22...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557110/a-unique-assemblage-of-engraved-plaquettes-from-ein-qashish-south-jezreel-valley-israel-figurative-and-non-figurative-symbols-of-late-pleistocene-hunters-gatherers-in-the-levant
#17
Alla Yaroshevich, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Elisabeta Boaretto, Valentina Caracuta, Noam Greenbaum, Naomi Porat, Joel Roskin
Three engraved limestone plaquettes from the recently excavated Epipaleolithic open-air site Ein Qashish South in the Jezreel Valley, Israel comprise unique evidence for symbolic behavior of Late Pleistocene foragers in the Levant. The engravings, uncovered in Kebaran and Geometric Kebaran deposits (ca. 23ka and ca. 16.5ka BP), include the image of a bird-the first figurative representation known so far from a pre-Natufian Epipaleolithic-along with geometric motifs such as chevrons, crosshatchings and ladders...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505285/confirmatory-factor-analytic-investigation-of-variance-composition-gender-invariance-and-validity-of-the-male-role-norms-inventory-adolescent-revised-mrni-a-r
#18
Ronald F Levant, Ryon C McDermott, Amber A Hewitt, Kathleen M Alto, Kyle T Harris
Confirmatory factor analysis of responses to the Male Role Norms Inventory-Adolescent-revised (MRNI-A-r) from 384 middle school students (163 boys, 221 girls) indicated that the best fit to the data was a bifactor model incorporating the hypothesized 3-factor structure while explicitly modeling an additional, general factor. Specifically, each item-level indicator loaded simultaneously on 2 factors: a general traditional masculinity ideology factor and a specific factor corresponding to 1 of the 3 hypothesized masculine norms for adolescents: Emotionally Detached Dominance, Toughness, and Avoidance of Femininity...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503740/identification-of-the-earliest-collagen-and-plant-based-coatings-from-neolithic-artefacts-nahal-hemar-cave-israel
#19
Caroline Solazzo, Blandine Courel, Jacques Connan, Bart E van Dongen, Holly Barden, Kirsty Penkman, Sheila Taylor, Beatrice Demarchi, Pierre Adam, Philippe Schaeffer, Arie Nissenbaum, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Michael Buckley
Mortuary practices in human evolution record cognitive, social changes and technological innovations. The Neolithic Revolution in the Levant was a watershed in this domain that has long fascinated the archaeological community. Plaster modelled skulls are well known at Jericho and several other Neolithic sites, and in Nahal Hemar cave (Israel, ca. 8200 -7300 cal. BC) excavations yielded six unique human skulls covered with a black organic coating applied in a net pattern evoking a headdress. This small cave was used as storage for paraphernalia in the semi-arid area of the Judean desert and the dry conditions preserved other artefacts such as baskets coated with a similar dark substance...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459054/genomic-insights-into-the-origin-of-farming-in-the-ancient-near-east
#20
Iosif Lazaridis, Dani Nadel, Gary Rollefson, Deborah C Merrett, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Daniel Fernandes, Mario Novak, Beatriz Gamarra, Kendra Sirak, Sarah Connell, Kristin Stewardson, Eadaoin Harney, Qiaomei Fu, Gloria Gonzalez-Fortes, Eppie R Jones, Songül Alpaslan Roodenberg, György Lengyel, Fanny Bocquentin, Boris Gasparian, Janet M Monge, Michael Gregg, Vered Eshed, Ahuva-Sivan Mizrahi, Christopher Meiklejohn, Fokke Gerritsen, Luminita Bejenaru, Matthias Blüher, Archie Campbell, Gianpiero Cavalleri, David Comas, Philippe Froguel, Edmund Gilbert, Shona M Kerr, Peter Kovacs, Johannes Krause, Darren McGettigan, Michael Merrigan, D Andrew Merriwether, Seamus O'Reilly, Martin B Richards, Ornella Semino, Michel Shamoon-Pour, Gheorghe Stefanescu, Michael Stumvoll, Anke Tönjes, Antonio Torroni, James F Wilson, Loic Yengo, Nelli A Hovhannisyan, Nick Patterson, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich
We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 44 ancient Near Easterners ranging in time between ~12,000 and 1,400 bc, from Natufian hunter-gatherers to Bronze Age farmers. We show that the earliest populations of the Near East derived around half their ancestry from a 'Basal Eurasian' lineage that had little if any Neanderthal admixture and that separated from other non-African lineages before their separation from each other. The first farmers of the southern Levant (Israel and Jordan) and Zagros Mountains (Iran) were strongly genetically differentiated, and each descended from local hunter-gatherers...
August 25, 2016: Nature
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