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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348642/the-success-of-failed-homo-sapiens-dispersals-out-of-africa-and-into-asia
#1
REVIEW
Ryan J Rabett
The evidence for an early dispersal of Homo sapiens from Africa into the Levant during Marine Isotope Stage 5 (MIS-5) 126-74 ka (thousand years ago) was characterized for many years as an 'abortive' expansion: a precursor to a sustained dispersal from which all extant human populations can be traced. Recent archaeological and genetic data from both western and eastern parts of Eurasia and from Australia are starting to challenge that interpretation. This Perspective reviews the current evidence for a scenario where the MIS-5 dispersal encompassed a much greater geographic distribution and temporal duration...
January 18, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332190/transcriptomic-profiling-of-developing-fiber-in-levant-cotton-gossypium-herbaceum-l
#2
Mithil J Parekh, Sushil Kumar, Ranbir S Fougat, Harshvardhan N Zala, Ramesh J Pandit
Cotton (Gossypium spp.) is an imperative economic crop of the globe due to its natural textile fiber. Molecular mechanisms of fiber development have been greatly revealed in allotetraploid cotton but remained unexplored in Gossypium herbaceum. G. herbaceum can withstand the rigors of nature like drought and pests but produce coarse lint. This undesirable characteristic strongly needs the knowledge of fiber development at molecular basis. The present study reported the transcriptome sequence of the developing fiber of G...
January 13, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320542/ancient-mitogenomes-of-phoenicians-from-sardinia-and-lebanon-a-story-of-settlement-integration-and-female-mobility
#3
E Matisoo-Smith, A L Gosling, D Platt, O Kardailsky, S Prost, S Cameron-Christie, C J Collins, J Boocock, Y Kurumilian, M Guirguis, R Pla Orquín, W Khalil, H Genz, G Abou Diwan, J Nassar, P Zalloua
The Phoenicians emerged in the Northern Levant around 1800 BCE and by the 9th century BCE had spread their culture across the Mediterranean Basin, establishing trading posts, and settlements in various European Mediterranean and North African locations. Despite their widespread influence, what is known of the Phoenicians comes from what was written about them by the Greeks and Egyptians. In this study, we investigate the extent of Phoenician integration with the Sardinian communities they settled. We present 14 new ancient mitogenome sequences from pre-Phoenician (~1800 BCE) and Phoenician (~700-400 BCE) samples from Lebanon (n = 4) and Sardinia (n = 10) and compare these with 87 new complete mitogenomes from modern Lebanese and 21 recently published pre-Phoenician ancient mitogenomes from Sardinia to investigate the population dynamics of the Phoenician (Punic) site of Monte Sirai, in southern Sardinia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297870/the-early-years-of-the-eshg-leading-to-the-reform-of-1988-and-the-spirit-of-the-sestri-levante-school
#4
Giovanni Romeo, Eberhard Passarge, Albert de la Chapelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219033/complex-relationships-among-masculine-norms-and-health-well-being-outcomes-correlation-patterns-of-the-conformity-to-masculine-norms-inventory-subscales
#5
Zachary T Gerdes, Ronald F Levant
The Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI) is a widely used multidimensional scale. Studies using the CMNI most often report only total scale scores, which are predominantly associated with negative outcomes. Various studies since the CMNI's inception in 2003 using subscales have reported both positive and negative outcomes. The current content analysis examined studies ( N = 17) correlating the 11 subscales with 63 criterion variables across 7 categories. Most findings were consistent with past research using total scale scores that reported negative outcomes...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208998/high-resolution-ams-dates-from-shubayqa-1-northeast-jordan-reveal-complex-origins-of-late-epipalaeolithic-natufian-in-the-levant
#6
Tobias Richter, Amaia Arranz-Otaegui, Lisa Yeomans, Elisabetta Boaretto
The Late Epipalaeolithic Natufian (~14,600 - 11,500 cal BP) is a key period in the prehistory of southwest Asia. Often described as a complex hunting and gathering society with increased sedentism, intensive plant exploitation and associated with an increase in artistic and symbolic material culture, it is positioned between the earlier Upper- and Epi-Palaeolithic and the early Neolithic, when plant cultivation and subsequently animal domestication began. The Natufian has thus often been seen as a necessary pre-adaptation for the emergence of Neolithic economies in southwest Asia...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167366/archaeogenomic-analysis-of-the-first-steps-of-neolithization-in-anatolia-and-the-aegean
#7
Gülşah Merve Kılınç, Dilek Koptekin, Çiğdem Atakuman, Arev Pelin Sümer, Handan Melike Dönertaş, Reyhan Yaka, Cemal Can Bilgin, Ali Metin Büyükkarakaya, Douglas Baird, Ezgi Altınışık, Pavel Flegontov, Anders Götherström, İnci Togan, Mehmet Somel
The Neolithic transition in west Eurasia occurred in two main steps: the gradual development of sedentism and plant cultivation in the Near East and the subsequent spread of Neolithic cultures into the Aegean and across Europe after 7000 cal BCE. Here, we use published ancient genomes to investigate gene flow events in west Eurasia during the Neolithic transition. We confirm that the Early Neolithic central Anatolians in the ninth millennium BCE were probably descendants of local hunter-gatherers, rather than immigrants from the Levant or Iran...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166817/ambiguities-in-the-taxonomic-assignment-and-species-delineation-of-botryllid-ascidians-from-the-israeli-mediterranean-and-other-coastlines
#8
Eitan Reem, Jacob Douek, Baruch Rinkevich
Based on mtCOI sequences comparisons, recent studies reassigned the 'dwarf Botrylloides leachii' from the Levant as Botrylloides nigrum. Here we conducted a survey of the literature and of deposited mtCOI sequences of botryllid ascidians, elucidating ambiguities in their taxonomy. We found that the species, dwarf morph of Botrylloides leachii, Botrylloides nigrum, Botryllus aster and Botryllus arenaceus are grouped together on a single molecular taxon. Then, results of three additional markers (18S, 28S, H3) contradicted literature suggestions, revealing minute distances between Botrylloides leachii and the 'dwarf Botrylloides leachii'...
November 22, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152566/radiocarbon-chronology-of-manot-cave-israel-and-upper-paleolithic-dispersals
#9
Bridget Alex, Omry Barzilai, Israel Hershkovitz, Ofer Marder, Francesco Berna, Valentina Caracuta, Talia Abulafia, Lauren Davis, Mae Goder-Goldberger, Ron Lavi, Eugenia Mintz, Lior Regev, Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer, José-Miguel Tejero, Reuven Yeshurun, Avner Ayalon, Mira Bar-Matthews, Gal Yasur, Amos Frumkin, Bruce Latimer, Mark G Hans, Elisabetta Boaretto
The timing of archeological industries in the Levant is central for understanding the spread of modern humans with Upper Paleolithic traditions. We report a high-resolution radiocarbon chronology for Early Upper Paleolithic industries (Early Ahmarian and Levantine Aurignacian) from the newly excavated site of Manot Cave, Israel. The dates confirm that the Early Ahmarian industry was present by 46,000 calibrated years before the present (cal BP), and the Levantine Aurignacian occurred at least between 38,000 and 34,000 cal BP...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148021/routine-adoption-of-timp2-and-igfbp7-biomarkers-in-cardiac-surgery-for-early-identification-of-acute-kidney-injury
#10
Chiara Levante, Fiorenza Ferrari, Chiara Manenti, Faeq Husain-Syed, Marta Scarpa, Tommaso Hinna Danesi, Massimo De Cal, Valentina Corradi, Grazia M Virzì, Alessandra Brendolan, Federico Nalesso, Pércia Bezerra, Salvador Lopez-Giacoman, Sara Samoni, Mara Senzolo, Davide Giavarina, Loris Salvador, Raffaele Bonato, Silvia De Rosa, Enrico Rettore, Claudio Ronco
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a severe complication affecting many hospitalized patients after cardiac surgery, with negative impacts on short- and long-term clinical outcomes and on healthcare costs. Recently, clinical interest has been aimed at defining and classifying AKI, identifying risk factors and developing diagnostic strategies to identify patients at risk early on. Achieving an early and accurate diagnosis of AKI is a crucial issue, because prevention and timely detection may help to prevent negative clinical outcomes and avoid AKI-associated costs...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091714/first-evidence-of-ancient-deer-cervid-in-the-late-miocene-bira-formation-northern-israel
#11
Alexis Gabriel Rozenbaum, Dotan Shaked Gelband, Mordechai Stein, Henk K Mienis, Rivka Rabinovich
Despite the extensive geological and paleontological searches in the south Levant, no terrestrial fauna of late Neogene age was yet reported. Here, we report the first evidence of "ancient deer"-cervid in the late Miocene (Tortonian) lacustrine section of the Bira Formation at Hagal Stream, Jordan Valley, northern Israel. The section comprises rich assemblage of macrofauna fossils, mostly freshwater mollusks. The mammalian bone was discovered among the macrofauna fossils, and is described as an almost complete left humerus of an adult animal identified as an artiodactyls element probably of a cervid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072421/anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-levant
#12
Reem Akel, Haidar El Darsa, Bilal Anouti, Deborah Mukherji, Sally Temraz, Rasha Raslan, Arafat Tfayli, Hazem Assi
Background: Limited data are currently available regarding the psychological well-being and quality of life of breast cancer patients after active treatment in Lebanon and the Arab region in general. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression among Arab breast cancer patients and assess the quality of life with reference to socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among female breast cancer patients diagnosed between January 2009 and March 2014, who were recruited from the outpatient clinics of Naef K...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068047/a-multivariate-assessment-of-the-dali-hominin-cranium-from-china-morphological-affinities-and-implications-for-pleistocene-evolution-in-east-asia
#13
Sheela Athreya, Xinzhi Wu
OBJECTIVES: A nearly complete hominin fossil cranium from Dali in Shaanxi Province, China was excavated in 1978. We update and expand on previous research by providing a multivariate analysis of the specimen relative to a large sample of Middle and Late Pleistocene hominins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We apply principal components analysis, discriminant function analysis, and a method of assessing group membership based on a soft independent model of class analogy (SIMCA) to the study of Dali's cranial morphology...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061762/descriptive-analysis-of-the-medical-care-performed-in-the-spanish-military-role-1-medical-treatment-facility-deployed-in-operation-inherent-resolve-iraq-2015-2016
#14
Rafael García Cañas, R Navarro Suay
INTRODUCTION: Operation 'Inherent Resolve' was approved by the United Nations in August 2014 with the objective of suppressing the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and increasing the region's stability. The mission of the Spanish military forces within this was to direct training missions for the Iraqi Army. The aim of this study is to analyse the medical care provided in the Spanish Role 1 deployed medical treatment facility during Operation 'Apoyo a Irak'. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted between 15 December 2015 and 18 November 2016...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935987/toward-the-identification-of-a-type-i-toxin-antitoxin-system-in-the-plasmid-dna-of-dairy-lactobacillus-rhamnosus
#15
Claudia Folli, Alessia Levante, Riccardo Percudani, Davide Amidani, Stefania Bottazzi, Alberto Ferrari, Claudio Rivetti, Erasmo Neviani, Camilla Lazzi
Plasmids carry genes that give bacteria beneficial traits and allow them to survive in competitive environments. In many cases, they also harbor toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems necessary for plasmid maintenance. TA systems are generally characterized by a stable "toxin", a protein or peptide capable of killing the cell upon plasmid loss and by an unstable "antitoxin", a protein or a non-coding RNA that inhibits toxin activity. Here we report data toward the identification of a RNA-regulated TA system in the plasmid DNA of L...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923522/big-gain-no-pain-tumoral-calcinosis
#16
Li-An Lai, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Chueh-Hung Wu, Tyng-Guey Wang, Levant Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913852/testing-support-for-the-northern-and-southern-dispersal-routes-out-of-africa-an-analysis-of-levantine-and-southern-arabian-populations
#17
Deven N Vyas, Ali Al-Meeri, Connie J Mulligan
OBJECTIVES: The Northern Dispersal Route (NDR) and Southern Dispersal Route (SDR) are hypothesized to have been used by modern humans in the dispersal out of Africa. The NDR follows the Nile into Northeast Africa and crosses the Red Sea into the Levant. The SDR emerges from the Horn of Africa and crosses the Bab el-Mandeb into southern Arabia. In this study, we analyze genetic data from populations living along the NDR and SDR to test support for each dispersal route. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We genotyped 90 Yemeni samples on the Affymetrix Human Origins array...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878989/expansion-of-the-known-distribution-of-asiatic-mouflon-ovis-orientalis-in-the-late-pleistocene-of-the-southern-levant
#18
Lisa Yeomans, Louise Martin, Tobias Richter
Wild sheep (Ovis orientalis) bones recovered from the Natufian site of Shubayqa 1 demonstrate a wider distribution of mouflon in the Late Pleistocene of the Southern Levant than previously known. Early Epipalaeolithic sites are common in the limestone steppe region of eastern Jordan but have yielded only a handful of caprine bones that cannot be identified to species level and few faunal remains from excavated Late Epipalaeolithic sites have been reported. Analysis of animal bone from Shubayqa 1 suggests a significant population of wild sheep could be found concentrated in the basalt desert environment of eastern Jordan during the Late Pleistocene, especially where higher rainfall over the Jebel Druze provided more water...
August 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873737/an-integrated-strategy-to-discover-lactobacillus-casei-group-strains-for-their-potential-use-as-aromatic-starters
#19
Elena Bancalari, Maria Luisa Savo Sardaro, Alessia Levante, Angela Marseglia, Augusta Caligiani, Camilla Lazzi, Erasmo Neviani, Monica Gatti
Lactic acid bacteria are commonly used in dairy industries to acidify milk and to enhance the flavour of the end products thanks to their metabolisms. The formation routes of aroma compounds mainly rely on the specific ability of different species and strains to convert precursors derived from carbohydrate and amino acids catabolism. It is well known that the strains largely involved in the aroma formation of the very appreciated Italian long ripened cheeses belong to the Lactobacillus casei group and origin from raw milk...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797571/epidemiology-of-burn-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-hospital-emergency-department-in-lebanon
#20
Abou Dagher Gilbert, Eva Rajha, Christopher El Khuri, Ralph Bou Chebl, Aurelie Mailhac, Maha Makki, Mazen El Sayed
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of burns is well described in the United States, Europe and Asia. However, few studies address this topic in the Levant region. This study aims to describe characteristics of burn victims treated at the emergency department of a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon and to report on factors that affect ED disposition. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in the ED of a tertiary care hospital, in Beirut, Lebanon, between 2009 and 2013...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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