keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Levant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520745/high-handaxe-symmetry-at-the-beginning-of-the-european-acheulian-the-data-from-la-noira-france-in-context
#1
Radu Iovita, Inbal Tuvi-Arad, Marie-Hélène Moncel, Jackie Despriée, Pierre Voinchet, Jean-Jacques Bahain
In the last few decades, new discoveries have pushed the beginning of the biface-rich European Acheulian from 500 thousand years (ka) ago back to at least 700 ka, and possibly to 1 million years (Ma) ago. It remains, however, unclear to date if handaxes arrived in Europe as a fully developed technology or if they evolved locally from core-and-flake industries. This issue is also linked with another long-standing debate on the existence and behavioral, cognitive, and social meaning of a possibly chronological trend for increased handaxe symmetry throughout the Lower Paleolithic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387783/the-eastern-part-of-the-fertile-crescent-concealed-an-unexpected-route-of-olive-olea-europaea-l-differentiation
#2
Soraya Mousavi, Roberto Mariotti, Francesca Bagnoli, Lorenzo Costantini, Nicolò G M Cultrera, Kazem Arzani, Saverio Pandolfi, Giovanni Giuseppe Vendramin, Bahareh Torkzaban, Mehdi Hosseini-Mazinani, Luciana Baldoni
Background and Aims: Olive is considered a native plant of the eastern side of the Mediterranean basin, from where it should have spread westward along the Mediterranean shores, while little is known about its diffusion in the eastern direction. Methods: Genetic diversity levels and population genetic structure of a wide set of olive ecotypes and varieties collected from several provinces of Iran, representing a high percentage of the entire olive resources present in the area, was screened with 49 chloroplast and ten nuclear simple sequence repeat markers, and coupled with archaeo-botanical and historical data on Mediterranean olive varieties...
April 5, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386123/eastern-mediterranean-mobility-in-the-bronze-and-early-iron-ages-inferences-from-ancient-dna-of-pigs-and-cattle
#3
Meirav Meiri, Philipp W Stockhammer, Nimrod Marom, Guy Bar-Oz, Lidar Sapir-Hen, Peggy Morgenstern, Stella Macheridis, Baruch Rosen, Dorothée Huchon, Joseph Maran, Israel Finkelstein
The Late Bronze of the Eastern Mediterranean (1550-1150 BCE) was a period of strong commercial relations and great prosperity, which ended in collapse and migration of groups to the Levant. Here we aim at studying the translocation of cattle and pigs during this period. We sequenced the first ancient mitochondrial and Y chromosome DNA of cattle from Greece and Israel and compared the results with morphometric analysis of the metacarpal in cattle. We also increased previous ancient pig DNA datasets from Israel and extracted the first mitochondrial DNA for samples from Greece...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348225/origins-of-house-mice-in-ecological-niches-created-by-settled-hunter-gatherers-in-the-levant-15-000-y-ago
#4
Lior Weissbrod, Fiona B Marshall, François R Valla, Hamoudi Khalaily, Guy Bar-Oz, Jean-Christophe Auffray, Jean-Denis Vigne, Thomas Cucchi
Reductions in hunter-gatherer mobility during the Late Pleistocene influenced settlement ecologies, altered human relations with animal communities, and played a pivotal role in domestication. The influence of variability in human mobility on selection dynamics and ecological interactions in human settlements has not been extensively explored, however. This study of mice in modern African villages and changing mice molar shapes in a 200,000-y-long sequence from the Levant demonstrates competitive advantages for commensal mice in long-term settlements...
April 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281087/genetic-differentiation-between-upland-and-lowland-populations-shapes-the-y-chromosomal-landscape-of-west-asia
#5
O Balanovsky, M Chukhryaeva, V Zaporozhchenko, V Urasin, M Zhabagin, A Hovhannisyan, A Agdzhoyan, K Dibirova, M Kuznetsova, S Koshel, E Pocheshkhova, I Alborova, R Skhalyakho, O Utevska, Kh Mustafin, L Yepiskoposyan, C Tyler-Smith, E Balanovska
Y-chromosomal variation in West Asian populations has so far been studied in less detail than in the neighboring Europe. Here, we analyzed 598 Y-chromosomes from two West Asian subregions-Transcaucasia and the Armenian plateau-using 40 Y-SNPs and 17 Y-STRs and combined them with previously published data from the region. The West Asian populations fell into two clusters: upland populations from the Anatolian, Armenian and Iranian plateaus, and lowland populations from the Levant, Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula...
April 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253312/monumental-megalithic-burial-and-rock-art-tell-a-new-story-about-the-levant-intermediate-bronze-dark-ages
#6
Gonen Sharon, Alon Barash, Davida Eisenberg-Degen, Leore Grosman, Maya Oron, Uri Berger
The Intermediate Bronze Age (IB) in the Southern Levant (ca. 2350-2000 BCE) is known as the "Dark Ages," following the collapse of Early Bronze urban society and predating the establishment of the Middle Bronze cities. The absence of significant settlements and monumental building has led to the reconstruction of IB social organization as that of nomadic, tribal society inhabiting rural villages with no central governmental system. Excavation in the Shamir Dolmen Field (comprising over 400 dolmens) on the western foothills of the Golan Heights was carried out following the discovery of rock art engravings on the ceiling of the central chamber inside one of the largest dolmens ever recorded in the Levant...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249173/fertilization-and-connectivity-in-the-garrucha-canyon-se-spain-implications-for-marine-spatial-planning
#7
M Muñoz, A Reul, M Vargas-Yáñez, F Plaza, B Bautista, M C García-Martínez, F Moya, M-L Gómez-Moreno, J A Fernandes, V Rodríguez
Marine Spatial Planning is usually based on benthic georeferenced information or GPS tracked human activities, whereas the pelagic ecosystem is often ignored because of scarce and limited surface information. However, the 3-D pelagic ecosystem plays a key role connecting all the other ecosystems by physical (currents) and biological (migration) processes. According to remote sensing the Garrucha Canyon is oligotrophic, but 3-D sampling reveals subsurface upwelling, and converts it into the richest area around the Cape of Gata...
May 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240017/prevalence-of-egfr-and-alk-mutations-in-lung-adenocarcinomas-in-the-levant-area-a-prospective-analysis
#8
Arafat Tfayli, Hind Rafei, Alain Mina, Maya Khalil, Najla Fakhreddin, Rami Mahfouz, Shadi Hamouri, Fadi Farhat, Ziad Salem, Haifa Dbouk, Haider Rabee, Nagi Saghir, Ali Shamseddine, Jawad Makarem, Nizar Bitar, Anas Mougharbil, Hazem Assi, Sally Temraz, Deborah Mukherji, Ismail Matalka, Ghazi Zaatari
Background: A significant percentage of lung adenocarcinomas have a driver mutation. To date, there has been no assessment of the prevalence of such mutations in a Middle Eastern population. The present multicenter prospective study of formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues from patients diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma was performed to assess the prevalence of EGFR and ALK mutations in the Levant. Methods: Patients of Middle Eastern origin with lung adenocarcinomas at 10 sites in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq were prospectively enrolled...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236799/safe-procedure-development-to-manage-hazardous-drugs-in-the-workplace
#9
Marisa Gaspar Carreño, Rubén Achau Muñoz, Fátima Torrico Martín, Juan José Agún Gonzalez, Jose Cristobal Sanchez Santos, Ana Cristina Cercos Lletí, Pedro Ramos Orozco
OBJECTIVE: To develop a safety working procedure for the employees in the Intermutual Hospital de Levante (HIL) in those areas of activity that deal with the handling of hazardous drugs (MP). METHODS: The procedure was developed in six phases: 1) hazard definition; 2) definition and identification of processes and development of general correct work practices about hazardous drugs' selection and special handling; 3) detection, selection and set of specific recommendations to handle with hazardous drugs during the processes of preparation and administration included in the hospital GFT; 4) categorization of risk during the preparation/administration and development of an identification system; 5) information and training of professionals; 6) implementation of the identification measures and prevention guidelines...
March 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207555/human-immunodeficiency-virus-negative-plasmablastic-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Li Lin, Xudong Zhang, Meng Dong, Ling Li, Xinhua Wang, Lei Zhang, Xiaorui Fu, Zhenchang Sun, Jingjing Wu, Zhaoming Li, Yu Chang, Yingjun Wang, Zhiyuan Zhou, Mingzhi Zhang, Qingjiang Chen
RATIONALE: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare subtype of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that predominantly manifests in the oral cavity. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three cases of HIV-negative PBL were reported. DIAGNOSES: HIV-negative PBL INTERVENTIONS:: The patient had undergone chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: Clinical outcomes were very poor in Cases 1 and 3; Case 2, whose diagnosis suggested no bone marrow involvement, is still alive...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193874/six-centuries-of-geomagnetic-intensity-variations-recorded-by-royal-judean-stamped-jar-handles
#11
Erez Ben-Yosef, Michael Millman, Ron Shaar, Lisa Tauxe, Oded Lipschits
Earth's magnetic field, one of the most enigmatic physical phenomena of the planet, is constantly changing on various time scales, from decades to millennia and longer. The reconstruction of geomagnetic field behavior in periods predating direct observations with modern instrumentation is based on geological and archaeological materials and has the twin challenges of (i) the accuracy of ancient paleomagnetic estimates and (ii) the dating of the archaeological material. Here we address the latter by using a set of storage jar handles (fired clay) stamped by royal seals as part of the ancient administrative system in Judah (Jerusalem and its vicinity)...
February 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187589/palaearctic-i-protosmia-i-bees-of-the-subgenus-i-chelostomopsis%C3%A2-i-megachilidae-osmiini-biology-taxonomy-and-key-to-species
#12
Andreas Müller
Chelostomopsis represents a subgenus of the osmiine bee genus Protosmia (Megachilidae) containing three Palaearctic and one Nearctic species. Analysis of female pollen loads and literature data indicate that all Chelostomopsis species are broad pollen generalists exploiting the flowers of numerous plant families, such as Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Lamiaceae, Cistaceae and Brassicaceae. Preexisting linear cavities in dead wood or pine cones serve as nesting sites and pure resin is used to construct cell partitions and nest plug...
February 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165278/family-psychology-and-the-psychology-of-men-and-masculinities
#13
Ronald F Levant
This article was invited to mark the 30th anniversary of the Journal of Family Psychology, which is also the 125th anniversary of APA publications. I served as the second Editor of the journal, from 1992 to 1997. I reflect on some of the similarities and differences between the journal's mission statements from 1992 and 2016, and then discuss my intellectual evolution from family psychologist to psychologist of men and masculinities, pointing out opportunities for collaboration. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153924/correlations-between-circadian-rhythms-and-growth-in-challenging-environments
#14
Yuri Dakhiya, Duaa Hussien, Eyal Fridman, Moshe Kiflawi, Rachel Green
In plants, the circadian system controls a plethora of processes, many with agronomic importance, such as photosynthesis, photoprotection, stomatal opening, and photoperiodic development, as well as molecular processes, such as gene expression. It has been suggested that modifying circadian rhythms may be a means to manipulate crops to develop improved plants for agriculture. However, there is very little information on how the clock influences the performance of crop plants. We used a noninvasive, high-throughput technique, based on prompt chlorophyll fluorescence, to measure circadian rhythms and demonstrated that the technique works in a range of plants...
March 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132730/temporal-trends-in-live-foraminiferal-assemblages-near-a-pollution-outfall-on-the-levant-shelf
#15
Roni Tadir, Chaim Benjamini, Ahuva Almogi-Labin, Orit Hyams-Kaphzan
Long and short term effects of activated sewage sludge input on live benthic foraminiferal assemblages of the shallow shelf off Palmachim, Israel were examined at three stations along the eutrophic gradient. Over ten years from 2003 to 2012, foraminiferal abundance decreased dramatically by >50% in all stations. In 2012, new species were found near the discharge point, relative abundance of the dominant species decreased and in-sediment depth increased. In the remote stations the dominant species failed to bloom seasonally...
January 26, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105721/bioarchaeology-in-the-ancient-near-east-challenges-and-future-directions-for-the-southern-levant
#16
Susan Guise Sheridan
The synthesis of biological anthropology, archaeology, and social theory provides a bioarchaeological model to reconstruct nuanced aspects of demography, diet, disease, death, daily activities, and biodistance, even in the absence of discrete burials. Numerous skeletal assemblages in the southern Levant are composed of mixed and fragmented bones resulting from generational use of cemeteries, mass burial, and additional communal burial practices. Others become commingled due to taphonomic processes such as flooding, geological events, or human mediated mechanisms like looting, improper excavation, and poor curation...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028461/an-integrative-systematic-revision-and-biogeography-of-rhynchocalamus-snakes-reptilia-colubridae-with-a-description-of-a-new-species-from-israel
#17
Karin Tamar, Jiří Šmíd, Bayram Göçmen, Shai Meiri, Salvador Carranza
BACKGROUND: The colubrid snakes of the genus Rhynchocalamus are seldom studied and knowledge of their ecology and life history is scarce. Three species of Rhynchocalamus are currently recognized, R. satunini (from Turkey eastwards to Iran), R. arabicus (Yemen and Oman), and R. melanocephalus (from the Sinai Peninsula northwards to Turkey). All are slender, secretive, mainly nocturnal and rare fossorial snakes. This comprehensive study is the first to sample all known Rhynchocalamus species in order to review the intra-generic phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of the genus...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980031/archaeointensity-results-spanning-the-past-6-kiloyears-from-eastern-china-and-implications-for-extreme-behaviors-of-the-geomagnetic-field
#18
Shuhui Cai, Guiyun Jin, Lisa Tauxe, Chenglong Deng, Huafeng Qin, Yongxin Pan, Rixiang Zhu
Variations of the Earth's geomagnetic field during the Holocene are important for understanding centennial to millennial-scale processes of the Earth's deep interior and have enormous potential implications for chronological correlations (e.g., comparisons between different sedimentary recording sequences, archaeomagnetic dating). Here, we present 21 robust archaeointensity data points from eastern China spanning the past ∼6 kyr. These results add significantly to the published data both regionally and globally...
January 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930348/regional-diversity-on-the-timing-for-the-initial-appearance-of-cereal-cultivation-and-domestication-in-southwest-asia
#19
Amaia Arranz-Otaegui, Sue Colledge, Lydia Zapata, Luis Cesar Teira-Mayolini, Juan José Ibáñez
Recent studies have broadened our knowledge regarding the origins of agriculture in southwest Asia by highlighting the multiregional and protracted nature of plant domestication. However, there have been few archaeobotanical data to examine whether the early adoption of wild cereal cultivation and the subsequent appearance of domesticated-type cereals occurred in parallel across southwest Asia, or if chronological differences existed between regions. The evaluation of the available archaeobotanical evidence indicates that during Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultivation of wild cereal species was common in regions such as the southern-central Levant and the Upper Euphrates area, but the plant-based subsistence in the eastern Fertile Crescent (southeast Turkey, Iran, and Iraq) focused on the exploitation of plants such as legumes, goatgrass, fruits, and nuts...
December 6, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902736/provisioning-the-ritual-neolithic-site-of-kfar-hahoresh-israel-at-the-dawn-of-animal-management
#20
Jacqueline S Meier, A Nigel Goring-Morris, Natalie D Munro
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this critical change grows, sites that represent different functions and multiple time periods are needed to refine the timing, pace and character of changing human-animal relationships within the geographically variable southern Levant...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
69341
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"