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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797571/epidemiology-of-burn-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-hospital-emergency-department-in-lebanon
#1
Abou Dagher Gilbert, Eva Rajha, Christopher El Khuri, Ralph Bou Chebl, Aurelie Mailhac, Maha Makki, Mazen El Sayed
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of burns is well described in the United States, Europe and Asia. However, few studies address this topic in the Levant region. This study aims to describe characteristics of burn victims treated at the emergency department of a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon and to report on factors that affect ED disposition. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in the ED of a tertiary care hospital, in Beirut, Lebanon, between 2009 and 2013...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782013/modified-human-crania-from-g%C3%A3-bekli-tepe-provide-evidence-for-a-new-form-of-neolithic-skull-cult
#2
Julia Gresky, Juliane Haelm, Lee Clare
Archaeological excavations at Göbekli Tepe, a transitional Neolithic site in southeast Turkey, have revealed the earliest megalithic ritual architecture with characteristic T-shaped pillars. Although human burials are still absent from the site, a number of fragmented human bones have been recovered from fill deposits of buildings and from adjacent areas. We focus on three partially preserved human skulls, all of which carry artificial modifications of a type so far unknown from contemporaneous sites and the ethnographic record...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757201/continuity-and-admixture-in-the-last-five-millennia-of-levantine-history-from-ancient-canaanite-and-present-day-lebanese-genome-sequences
#3
Marc Haber, Claude Doumet-Serhal, Christiana Scheib, Yali Xue, Petr Danecek, Massimo Mezzavilla, Sonia Youhanna, Rui Martiniano, Javier Prado-Martinez, Michał Szpak, Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith, Holger Schutkowski, Richard Mikulski, Pierre Zalloua, Toomas Kivisild, Chris Tyler-Smith
The Canaanites inhabited the Levant region during the Bronze Age and established a culture that became influential in the Near East and beyond. However, the Canaanites, unlike most other ancient Near Easterners of this period, left few surviving textual records and thus their origin and relationship to ancient and present-day populations remain unclear. In this study, we sequenced five whole genomes from ∼3,700-year-old individuals from the city of Sidon, a major Canaanite city-state on the Eastern Mediterranean coast...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744118/voluntary-lung-function-screening-to-reveal-new-copd-cases-in-southern-italy
#4
Alberto Capozzolo, Giorgio Castellana, Silvano Dragonieri, Pierluigi Carratù, Vito Liotino, Maria Rosaria Vulpi, Lorenzo Marra, Emanuela Resta, Pierluigi Intiglietta, Onofrio Resta
BACKGROUND: Underdiagnosis of COPD is a relevant issue, and most frequently involves patients at early stages of the disease. Physicians do not routinely recommend smokers to undergo spirometry, unless they are symptomatic. AIMS: To investigate the effectiveness of voluntary lung function screening in bringing to light patients with previously unknown COPD and to evaluate the relationships among symptoms, smoking status, and airway obstruction. METHODS: A voluntary screening study for COPD was conducted during two editions of the annual Fiera del Levante (2014 and 2015), an international trade fair in Bari...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735145/metabolic-gene-targeted-monitoring-of-non-starter-lactic-acid-bacteria-during-cheese-ripening
#5
Alessia Levante, Francesca De Filippis, Antonietta La Storia, Monica Gatti, Erasmo Neviani, Danilo Ercolini, Camilla Lazzi
Long ripened cheeses, such as Grana Padano (GP), a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Italian cheese, harbor a viable microbiota mainly composed of non-starter lactic acid bacteria (NSLAB), which contribute to the final characteristics of cheese. The NSLAB species Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lb. casei and Lb. paracasei are frequently found in GP, and form a closely related taxonomic group (Lb. casei group), making it difficult to distinguish the three species through 16S rRNA sequencing. SpxB, a metabolic gene coding for pyruvate oxidase in Lb...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680441/the-origins-of-ashkenaz-ashkenazic-jews-and-yiddish
#6
Ranajit Das, Paul Wexler, Mehdi Pirooznia, Eran Elhaik
Recently, the geographical origins of Ashkenazic Jews (AJs) and their native language Yiddish were investigated by applying the Geographic Population Structure (GPS) to a cohort of exclusively Yiddish-speaking and multilingual AJs. GPS localized most AJs along major ancient trade routes in northeastern Turkey adjacent to primeval villages with names that resemble the word "Ashkenaz." These findings were compatible with the hypothesis of an Irano-Turko-Slavic origin for AJs and a Slavic origin for Yiddish and at odds with the Rhineland hypothesis advocating a Levantine origin for AJs and German origins for Yiddish...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658314/early-evidence-late-2nd-millennium-bce-of-plant-based-dyeing-of-textiles-from-timna-israel
#7
Naama Sukenik, David Iluz, Zohar Amar, Alexander Varvak, Vanessa Workman, Orit Shamir, Erez Ben-Yosef
In this article, we focus on the analysis of dyed textile fragments uncovered at an early Iron Age (11th-10th centuries BCE) copper smelting site during new excavations in the Timna Valley conducted by the Central Timna Valley (CTV) Project, as well as those found by the Arabah Expedition at the Hathor Temple (Site 200), dated to the Late Bronze/early Iron Ages (13th-11th centuries BCE). Analysis by HPLC-DAD identified two organic dyestuffs, Rubia tinctorum L. and indigotin, from a plant source (probably Isatis tinctoria L...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639958/pediatric-jellyfish-envenomation-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#8
Miguel Glatstein, Dikla Adir, Bella Galil, Dennis Scolnik, Ayelet Rimon, Dikla Pivko-Levy, Christopher Hoyte
BACKGROUND: Several species of jellyfish native to the western Indian Ocean have entered the Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal. Since the late 1980s, each summer Rhopilema nomadica forms swarms as long as 100 km in the southeastern Levant and since the millennium aggregations of additional nonnative jellyfish have been sighted. The aim of this study was to evaluate children seen in the emergency department after jellyfish envenomations and to establish patterns of toxicity associated with this organism...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622394/y-chromosomal-analysis-of-greek-cypriots-reveals-a-primarily-common-pre-ottoman-paternal-ancestry-with-turkish-cypriots
#9
Alexandros Heraclides, Evy Bashiardes, Eva Fernández-Domínguez, Stefania Bertoncini, Marios Chimonas, Vasilis Christofi, Jonathan King, Bruce Budowle, Panayiotis Manoli, Marios A Cariolou
Genetics can provide invaluable information on the ancestry of the current inhabitants of Cyprus. A Y-chromosome analysis was performed to (i) determine paternal ancestry among the Greek Cypriot (GCy) community in the context of the Central and Eastern Mediterranean and the Near East; and (ii) identify genetic similarities and differences between Greek Cypriots (GCy) and Turkish Cypriots (TCy). Our haplotype-based analysis has revealed that GCy and TCy patrilineages derive primarily from a single gene pool and show very close genetic affinity (low genetic differentiation) to Calabrian Italian and Lebanese patrilineages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604024/variance-composition-measurement-invariance-by-gender-and-construct-validity-of-the-femininity-ideology-scale-short-form
#10
Ronald F Levant, Kathleen M Alto, Daniel K McKelvey, Katherine A Richmond, Ryon C McDermott
The current study extended prior work on the Femininity Ideology Scale (FIS), a multidimensional measure of traditional femininity ideology (TFI), in several ways. First, we conducted exploratory factor and bifactor analyses, which revealed a general TFI factor and 3 specific factors: dependence/deference, purity, and emotionality/traditional roles. Second, based on these results we developed the 12-item FIS-Short Form (FIS-SF). Third, we assessed the FIS-SF using confirmatory factor analysis on a separate sample, finding that the items loaded on the general factor and 3 specific factors as hypothesized, and that the bifactor model fit better than common factors and unidimensional models...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602572/the-near-east-as-a-cradle-of-biodiversity-a-phylogeography-of-banded-newts-genus-ommatotriton-reveals-extensive-inter-and-intraspecific-genetic-differentiation
#11
Isolde van Riemsdijk, Jan W Arntzen, Sergé Bogaerts, Michael Franzen, Spartak N Litvinchuk, Kurtuluş Olgun, Ben Wielstra
The banded newt (genus Ommatotriton) is widely distributed in the Near East (Anatolia, Caucasus and the Levant) - an understudied region from the perspective of phylogeography. The genus is polytypic, but the number of species included and the phylogenetic relationships between them are not settled. We sequenced two mitochondrial and two nuclear DNA markers throughout the range of Ommatotriton. For mtDNA we constructed phylogenetic trees, estimated divergence times using fossil calibration, and investigated changes in effective population size with Bayesian skyline plots and mismatch analyses...
June 13, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594200/a-mixed-methods-study-of-personality-conceptions-in-the-levant-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank
#12
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
Personality taxonomies are investigated using either etic-style studies that test whether Western-developed models fit in a new culture, or emic-style studies that derive personality dimensions from a local culture, using a psycholexical approach. Recent studies have incorporated strengths from both approaches. We combine the 2 approaches in the first study of personality descriptors in spoken Arabic. In Study 1, we collected 17,283 responses from a sample of adults in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and the West Bank (N = 545)...
September 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592838/the-first-neanderthal-remains-from-an-open-air-middle-palaeolithic-site-in-the-levant
#13
Ella Been, Erella Hovers, Ravid Ekshtain, Ariel Malinski-Buller, Nuha Agha, Alon Barash, Daniella E Bar-Yosef Mayer, Stefano Benazzi, Jean-Jacques Hublin, Lihi Levin, Noam Greenbaum, Netta Mitki, Gregorio Oxilia, Naomi Porat, Joel Roskin, Michalle Soudack, Reuven Yeshurun, Ruth Shahack-Gross, Nadav Nir, Mareike C Stahlschmidt, Yoel Rak, Omry Barzilai
The late Middle Palaeolithic (MP) settlement patterns in the Levant included the repeated use of caves and open landscape sites. The fossil record shows that two types of hominins occupied the region during this period-Neandertals and Homo sapiens. Until recently, diagnostic fossil remains were found only at cave sites. Because the two populations in this region left similar material cultural remains, it was impossible to attribute any open-air site to either species. In this study, we present newly discovered fossil remains from intact archaeological layers of the open-air site 'Ein Qashish, in northern Israel...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589703/who-is-afraid-of-isis-isis-anxiety-and-its-correlates
#14
Yaakov Hoffman
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) is a relatively small organization, yet it wields its terror and media campaigns efficiently. Its presence has altered security measures in many western counties. In the current study, I assess anxiety of the ISIS threat and its correlates in a convenience sample of 1,007 adult Israelis (mean age = 29.61, SD = 7.16). Findings show that being female, a lower socioeconomic status, and having elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom levels were all associated with ISIS anxiety...
June 6, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555646/geomagnetic-spikes-on-the-core-mantle-boundary
#15
Christopher Davies, Catherine Constable
Extreme variations of Earth's magnetic field occurred in the Levant region around 1000 BC, when the field intensity rapidly rose and fell by a factor of 2. No coherent link currently exists between this intensity spike and the global field produced by the core geodynamo. Here we show that the Levantine spike must span >60° longitude at Earth's surface if it originates from the core-mantle boundary (CMB). Several low intensity data are incompatible with this geometric bound, though age uncertainties suggest these data could have sampled the field before the spike emerged...
May 30, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542358/farming-legumes-in-the-pre-pottery-neolithic-new-discoveries-from-the-site-of-ahihud-israel
#16
Valentina Caracuta, Jacob Vardi, Ytzhak Paz, Elisabetta Boaretto
New discoveries of legumes in the lower Galilee at the prehistoric site of Ahihud in Israel shed light on early farming systems in the southern Levant. Radiocarbon dating of twelve legumes from pits and floors indicate that the farming of legumes was practiced in southern Levant as early as 10.240-10.200 (1σ) ago. The legumes were collected from pits and other domestic contexts dated to the Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic B. The legumes identified include Vicia faba L. (faba bean), V. ervilia (bitter vetch), V...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541058/further-examination-of-the-factor-structure-of-the-male-role-norms-inventory-short-form-mrni-sf-measurement-considerations-for-women-men-of-color-and-gay-men
#17
Ryon C McDermott, Ronald F Levant, Joseph H Hammer, Rosalie J Hall, Daniel K McKelvey, Zachary Jones
Using multigroup structural equation modeling in a large sample of online-survey respondents (N = 6,744), the present study examined the reliability and dimensionality of the Male Role Norms Inventory-Short Form (MRNI-SF), a popular measurement of traditional masculinity ideology (TMI), and also tested measurement invariance between individuals that do and do not fit the White heterosexual male TMI reference group. Results indicated that (a) it is appropriate to model the MRNI-SF using either a bifactor or unidimensional model but not a second-order model, (b) the raw MRNI-SF total score is a suitable measure of the general TMI construct, (c) the raw self-reliance through mechanical skills and negativity toward sexual minorities subscale scores may be appropriate measures of their respective specific factors (akin to subscale factors), and (d) SEM or ipsatizing procedures should be used to model the 5 other specific factors, given the insufficient model-based reliability of their raw subscale scores...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520745/high-handaxe-symmetry-at-the-beginning-of-the-european-acheulian-the-data-from-la-noira-france-in-context
#18
Radu Iovita, Inbal Tuvi-Arad, Marie-Hélène Moncel, Jackie Despriée, Pierre Voinchet, Jean-Jacques Bahain
In the last few decades, new discoveries have pushed the beginning of the biface-rich European Acheulian from 500 thousand years (ka) ago back to at least 700 ka, and possibly to 1 million years (Ma) ago. It remains, however, unclear to date if handaxes arrived in Europe as a fully developed technology or if they evolved locally from core-and-flake industries. This issue is also linked with another long-standing debate on the existence and behavioral, cognitive, and social meaning of a possibly chronological trend for increased handaxe symmetry throughout the Lower Paleolithic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387783/the-eastern-part-of-the-fertile-crescent-concealed-an-unexpected-route-of-olive-olea-europaea-l-differentiation
#19
Soraya Mousavi, Roberto Mariotti, Francesca Bagnoli, Lorenzo Costantini, Nicolò G M Cultrera, Kazem Arzani, Saverio Pandolfi, Giovanni Giuseppe Vendramin, Bahareh Torkzaban, Mehdi Hosseini-Mazinani, Luciana Baldoni
Background and Aims: Olive is considered a native plant of the eastern side of the Mediterranean basin, from where it should have spread westward along the Mediterranean shores, while little is known about its diffusion in the eastern direction. Methods: Genetic diversity levels and population genetic structure of a wide set of olive ecotypes and varieties collected from several provinces of Iran, representing a high percentage of the entire olive resources present in the area, was screened with 49 chloroplast and ten nuclear simple sequence repeat markers, and coupled with archaeo-botanical and historical data on Mediterranean olive varieties...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386123/eastern-mediterranean-mobility-in-the-bronze-and-early-iron-ages-inferences-from-ancient-dna-of-pigs-and-cattle
#20
Meirav Meiri, Philipp W Stockhammer, Nimrod Marom, Guy Bar-Oz, Lidar Sapir-Hen, Peggy Morgenstern, Stella Macheridis, Baruch Rosen, Dorothée Huchon, Joseph Maran, Israel Finkelstein
The Late Bronze of the Eastern Mediterranean (1550-1150 BCE) was a period of strong commercial relations and great prosperity, which ended in collapse and migration of groups to the Levant. Here we aim at studying the translocation of cattle and pigs during this period. We sequenced the first ancient mitochondrial and Y chromosome DNA of cattle from Greece and Israel and compared the results with morphometric analysis of the metacarpal in cattle. We also increased previous ancient pig DNA datasets from Israel and extracted the first mitochondrial DNA for samples from Greece...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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