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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689944/identification-and-morphology-of-an-apataniid-caddisfly-larva-from-the-levant-apatania-cypria-tjeder-1952
#1
Johann Waringer, Hans Malicky
This paper describes the previously unknown larva of Apatania cypria Tjeder 1952. Species association was enabled by the fact that both larval and adult specimens were collected at the same location and that A. cypria is the only apataniid species known from this island (Malicky 2005). Information on the morphology of the larva is given, and the most important diagnostic features are discussed, including those distinguishing it from the closely similar A. subtilis Martynov 1909 and A. theischingerorum Malicky 1981...
February 20, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689795/taxonomic-review-of-the-subgenus-andrena-poecilandrena-hymenoptera-andrenidae-in-israel-and-the-levant
#2
Gideon Pisanty, Erwin Scheuchl, Netta Dorchin
Andrena (Poecilandrena) Hedicke is a subgenus of small solitary bees, with the greatest diversity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region-an important but understudied biodiversity hotspot for bees. We studied Andrena (Poecilandrena) collected mostly in Israel and the West Bank, and make several additions to the regional fauna. We provide the first comprehensive review of Andrena (Poecilandrena) species currently known from Israel, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, including diagnostic keys to females and males, descriptions of new species and unknown sexes, and detailed information for each taxon regarding distribution, phenology and flower visitation...
January 18, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674855/the-tiger-beetles-coleoptera-cicindelidae-of-the-southern-levant-and-adjacent-territories-from-cybertaxonomy-to-conservation-biology
#3
Thorsten Assmann, Estève Boutaud, Jörn Buse, Jörg Gebert, Claudia Drees, Ariel-Leib-Leonid Friedman, Fares Khoury, Tamar Marcus, Eylon Orbach, Ittai Renan, Constantin Schmidt, Pascale Zumstein
The tiger beetles of the southern Levant (Egypt: Sinai, Israel, Jordan) and adjacent regions of the neighboring countries Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are reviewed in terms of species taxonomy, ecological and distributional traits and conservation biology. An illustrated dichotomous identification key from the species of this region is provided. Based on the classical identification key, we developed a digital identification application for smartphones and tablets. The species status of Calomera aulicoides (J...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651972/n-3-omega-3-fatty-acids-effects-on-brain-dopamine-systems-and-potential-role-in-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#4
Beth Levant, Michelle Healy-Stoffel
A number of neuropsychiatric disorders, including Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and, to some extent, depression, involve dysregulation of the brain dopamine systems. The etiology of these diseases is multifactorial, involving genetic and environmental factors. Evidence suggests that inadequate levels of n-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the brain may represent a risk factor for these disorders. These fatty acids, which are derived from the diet, are a major component of neuronal membranes and are of particular importance in brain development and function...
April 12, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615942/association-between-fear-and-beauty-evaluation-of-snakes-cross-cultural-findings
#5
Eva Landová, Natavan Bakhshaliyeva, Markéta Janovcová, Šárka Peléšková, Mesma Suleymanova, Jakub Polák, Akif Guliev, Daniel Frynta
According to the fear module theory, humans are evolutionarily predisposed to perceive snakes as prioritized stimuli and exhibit a fast emotional and behavioral response toward them. In Europe, highly dangerous snake species are distributed almost exclusively in the Mediterranean and Caspian areas. While the risk of a snakebite is relatively low in Central Europe, Azerbaijan, on the other hand, has a high occurrence of the deadly venomous Levant viper ( Macrovipera lebetina ). We hypothesize that co-habitation with this dangerous snake has shaped the way in which humans evaluate snake species resembling it...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615269/the-public-health-value-of-vaccination-for-seniors-in-europe
#6
REVIEW
Susanna Esposito, Elisabetta Franco, Gaetan Gavazzi, Angel Gil de Miguel, Roland Hardt, George Kassianos, Isabelle Bertrand, Marie-Cécile Levant, Benoit Soubeyrand, Jose Antonio López Trigo
Longer life expectancy and decreasing fertility rates mean that the proportion of older people is continually increasing worldwide, and particularly in Europe. Ageing is associated with an increase in the risk and severity of infectious diseases. These diseases are also more difficult to diagnose and manage in seniors who often have at least one comorbid condition (60% of seniors have two or more conditions). Infectious diseases increase the risk of hospitalization, loss of autonomy and death in seniors. Effective vaccines are available in Europe for infectious diseases such as influenza, pneumococcal diseases, herpes zoster, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis...
March 31, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607033/what-determines-prey-selection-in-owls-roles-of-prey-traits-prey-class-environmental-variables-and-taxonomic-specialization
#7
Orr Comay, Tamar Dayan
Ecological theory suggests that prey size should increase with predator size, but this trend may be masked by other factors affecting prey selection, such as environmental constraints or specific prey preferences of predator species. Owls are an ideal case study for exploring how predator body size affects prey selection in the presence of other factors due to the ease of analyzing their diets from owl pellets and their widespread distributions, allowing interspecific comparisons between variable habitats. Here, we analyze various dimensions of prey resource selection among owls, including prey size, taxonomy (i...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567421/phytoremediation-of-sewage-sludge-contaminated-by-trace-elements-and-organic-compounds
#8
Werther Guidi Nissim, Alessandra Cincinelli, Tania Martellini, Laura Alvisi, Emily Palm, Stefano Mancuso, Elisa Azzarello
Phytoremediation is a green technique being increasingly used worldwide for various purposes including the treatment of municipal sewage sludge (MSS). Most plants proposed for this technique have high nutrient demands, and fertilization is often required to maintain soil fertility and nutrient balance while remediating the substrate. In this context, MSS could be a valuable source of nutrients (especially N and P) and water for plant growth. The aim of this study was to determine the capacity willow (Salix matsudana, cv Levante), poplar (Populus deltoides × Populus nigra, cv Orion), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus) to clean MSS, which is slightly contaminated by trace elements (TEs) and organic pollutants, and to assess their physiological response to this medium...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561880/pigeons-at-the-edge-of-the-empire-bioarchaeological-evidences-for-extensive-management-of-pigeons-in-a-byzantine-desert-settlement-in-the-southern-levant
#9
Nimrod Marom, Baruch Rosen, Yotam Tepper, Guy Bar-Oz
Metric data of 6th century CE pigeons from the Negev Desert, Israel, are employed to test competing hypotheses on flock management strategies: that directed selection for size or shape took place under intensive management; or, alternatively, that stabilizing selection was a stronger determinant of size and shape under extensive management conditions. The results of the analysis support the second hypothesis by demonstrating that the Byzantine Negev pigeons were like wild pigeon (Columba livia) in shape, albeit small-sized...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555295/multilocus-phylogeny-and-coalescent-species-delimitation-in-kotschy-s-gecko-mediodactylus-kotschyi-hidden-diversity-and-cryptic-species
#10
Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Daniel Jablonski, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Aziz Avcı, Shai Meiri, Yuval Itescu, Oleg Kukushkin, Václav Gvoždík, Giovanni Scillitani, Stephen Roussos, David Jandzik, Panagiotis Kasapidis, Petros Lymberakis, Nikos Poulakakis
The Kotschy's Gecko, Mediodactylus kotschyi, is a small gecko native to southeastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean. It displays great morphological variation with a large number of morphologically recognized subspecies. However, it has been suggested that it constitutes a species complex of several yet unrecognized species. In this study, we used multilocus sequence data (three mitochondrial and three nuclear gene fragments) to estimate the phylogenetic relationships of 129 populations covering a substantial part of the distribution range of the species...
March 16, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449833/stem-loop-rna-hairpins-in-giant-viruses-invading-rrna-like-repeats-and-a-template-free-rna
#11
Hervé Seligmann, Didier Raoult
We examine the hypothesis that de novo template-free RNAs still form spontaneously, as they did at the origins of life, invade modern genomes, contribute new genetic material. Previously, analyses of RNA secondary structures suggested that some RNAs resembling ancestral (t)RNAs formed recently de novo , other parasitic sequences cluster with rRNAs. Here positive control analyses of additional RNA secondary structures confirm ancestral and de novo statuses of RNA grouped according to secondary structure. Viroids with branched stems resemble de novo RNAs, rod-shaped viroids resemble rRNA secondary structures, independently of GC contents...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433231/volatile-profile-of-elderberry-juice-effect-of-lactic-acid-fermentation-using-l-plantarum-l-rhamnosus-and-l-casei-strains
#12
Annalisa Ricci, Martina Cirlini, Alessia Levante, Chiara Dall'Asta, Gianni Galaverna, Camilla Lazzi
In this study we explored, for the first time, the lactic acid fermentation of elderberry juice (EJ). A total of 15 strains isolated from dairy and plant matrices, belonging to L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus and L. casei, were used for fermentations. The volatile profile of started and unstarted EJ was characterized by HS-SPME/GC-MS technique after 48h of fermentation and 12days of storage at 4°C. All L. plantarum and L. rhamnosus strains exhibited a good capacity of growth while not all L. casei strains showed the same ability...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371468/the-earliest-modern-humans-outside-africa
#13
Israel Hershkovitz, Gerhard W Weber, Rolf Quam, Mathieu Duval, Rainer Grün, Leslie Kinsley, Avner Ayalon, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Helene Valladas, Norbert Mercier, Juan Luis Arsuaga, María Martinón-Torres, José María Bermúdez de Castro, Cinzia Fornai, Laura Martín-Francés, Rachel Sarig, Hila May, Viktoria A Krenn, Viviane Slon, Laura Rodríguez, Rebeca García, Carlos Lorenzo, Jose Miguel Carretero, Amos Frumkin, Ruth Shahack-Gross, Daniella E Bar-Yosef Mayer, Yaming Cui, Xinzhi Wu, Natan Peled, Iris Groman-Yaroslavski, Lior Weissbrod, Reuven Yeshurun, Alexander Tsatskin, Yossi Zaidner, Mina Weinstein-Evron
To date, the earliest modern human fossils found outside of Africa are dated to around 90,000 to 120,000 years ago at the Levantine sites of Skhul and Qafzeh. A maxilla and associated dentition recently discovered at Misliya Cave, Israel, was dated to 177,000 to 194,000 years ago, suggesting that members of the Homo sapiens clade left Africa earlier than previously thought. This finding changes our view on modern human dispersal and is consistent with recent genetic studies, which have posited the possibility of an earlier dispersal of Homo sapiens around 220,000 years ago...
January 26, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348642/the-success-of-failed-homo-sapiens-dispersals-out-of-africa-and-into-asia
#14
REVIEW
Ryan J Rabett
The evidence for an early dispersal of Homo sapiens from Africa into the Levant during Marine Isotope Stage 5 (MIS-5) 126-74 ka (thousand years ago) was characterized for many years as an 'abortive' expansion: a precursor to a sustained dispersal from which all extant human populations can be traced. Recent archaeological and genetic data from both western and eastern parts of Eurasia and from Australia are starting to challenge that interpretation. This Perspective reviews the current evidence for a scenario where the MIS-5 dispersal encompassed a much greater geographic distribution and temporal duration...
February 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332190/transcriptomic-profiling-of-developing-fiber-in-levant-cotton-gossypium-herbaceum-l
#15
Mithil J Parekh, Sushil Kumar, Ranbir S Fougat, Harshvardhan N Zala, Ramesh J Pandit
Cotton (Gossypium spp.) is an imperative economic crop of the globe due to its natural textile fiber. Molecular mechanisms of fiber development have been greatly revealed in allotetraploid cotton but remained unexplored in Gossypium herbaceum. G. herbaceum can withstand the rigors of nature like drought and pests but produce coarse lint. This undesirable characteristic strongly needs the knowledge of fiber development at molecular basis. The present study reported the transcriptome sequence of the developing fiber of G...
March 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320542/ancient-mitogenomes-of-phoenicians-from-sardinia-and-lebanon-a-story-of-settlement-integration-and-female-mobility
#16
E Matisoo-Smith, A L Gosling, D Platt, O Kardailsky, S Prost, S Cameron-Christie, C J Collins, J Boocock, Y Kurumilian, M Guirguis, R Pla Orquín, W Khalil, H Genz, G Abou Diwan, J Nassar, P Zalloua
The Phoenicians emerged in the Northern Levant around 1800 BCE and by the 9th century BCE had spread their culture across the Mediterranean Basin, establishing trading posts, and settlements in various European Mediterranean and North African locations. Despite their widespread influence, what is known of the Phoenicians comes from what was written about them by the Greeks and Egyptians. In this study, we investigate the extent of Phoenician integration with the Sardinian communities they settled. We present 14 new ancient mitogenome sequences from pre-Phoenician (~1800 BCE) and Phoenician (~700-400 BCE) samples from Lebanon (n = 4) and Sardinia (n = 10) and compare these with 87 new complete mitogenomes from modern Lebanese and 21 recently published pre-Phoenician ancient mitogenomes from Sardinia to investigate the population dynamics of the Phoenician (Punic) site of Monte Sirai, in southern Sardinia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297870/the-early-years-of-the-eshg-leading-to-the-reform-of-1988-and-the-spirit-of-the-sestri-levante-school
#17
Giovanni Romeo, Eberhard Passarge, Albert de la Chapelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219033/complex-relationships-among-masculine-norms-and-health-well-being-outcomes-correlation-patterns-of-the-conformity-to-masculine-norms-inventory-subscales
#18
Zachary T Gerdes, Ronald F Levant
The Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI) is a widely used multidimensional scale. Studies using the CMNI most often report only total scale scores, which are predominantly associated with negative outcomes. Various studies since the CMNI's inception in 2003 using subscales have reported both positive and negative outcomes. The current content analysis examined studies ( N = 17) correlating the 11 subscales with 63 criterion variables across 7 categories. Most findings were consistent with past research using total scale scores that reported negative outcomes...
March 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208998/high-resolution-ams-dates-from-shubayqa-1-northeast-jordan-reveal-complex-origins-of-late-epipalaeolithic-natufian-in-the-levant
#19
Tobias Richter, Amaia Arranz-Otaegui, Lisa Yeomans, Elisabetta Boaretto
The Late Epipalaeolithic Natufian (~14,600 - 11,500 cal BP) is a key period in the prehistory of southwest Asia. Often described as a complex hunting and gathering society with increased sedentism, intensive plant exploitation and associated with an increase in artistic and symbolic material culture, it is positioned between the earlier Upper- and Epi-Palaeolithic and the early Neolithic, when plant cultivation and subsequently animal domestication began. The Natufian has thus often been seen as a necessary pre-adaptation for the emergence of Neolithic economies in southwest Asia...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167366/archaeogenomic-analysis-of-the-first-steps-of-neolithization-in-anatolia-and-the-aegean
#20
Gülşah Merve Kılınç, Dilek Koptekin, Çiğdem Atakuman, Arev Pelin Sümer, Handan Melike Dönertaş, Reyhan Yaka, Cemal Can Bilgin, Ali Metin Büyükkarakaya, Douglas Baird, Ezgi Altınışık, Pavel Flegontov, Anders Götherström, İnci Togan, Mehmet Somel
The Neolithic transition in west Eurasia occurred in two main steps: the gradual development of sedentism and plant cultivation in the Near East and the subsequent spread of Neolithic cultures into the Aegean and across Europe after 7000 cal BCE. Here, we use published ancient genomes to investigate gene flow events in west Eurasia during the Neolithic transition. We confirm that the Early Neolithic central Anatolians in the ninth millennium BCE were probably descendants of local hunter-gatherers, rather than immigrants from the Levant or Iran...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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