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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145404/core-outcome-set-standards-for-development-the-cos-stad-recommendations
#1
Jamie J Kirkham, Katherine Davis, Douglas G Altman, Jane M Blazeby, Mike Clarke, Sean Tunis, Paula R Williamson
BACKGROUND: The use of core outcome sets (COS) ensures that researchers measure and report those outcomes that are most likely to be relevant to users of their research. Several hundred COS projects have been systematically identified to date, but there has been no formal quality assessment of these studies. The Core Outcome Set-STAndards for Development (COS-STAD) project aimed to identify minimum standards for the design of a COS study agreed upon by an international group, while other specific guidance exists for the final reporting of COS development studies (Core Outcome Set-STAndards for Reporting [COS-STAR])...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145302/burkitt-lymphoma-and-cavernous-sinus-syndrome-with-breast-uptake-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-a-case-report
#2
Florette Reyneke, Neo Mokgoro, Mariza Vorster, Mike Sathekge
RATIONALE: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that arises in the B-cells. Cavernous sinus involvement is rare, especially in adults. Here we report an unusual case of a 30-year-old HIV-positive woman with BL and cavernous sinus syndrome who also had intense bilateral breast uptake, related to menstrual cycle. Fluorine-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has been found to be useful in the management of BL. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year old female patient presented with a history of diplopia and headache...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145251/renal-osteodystrophy-presenting-as-a-metabolic-superscan-on-f-18-fdg-pet-ct-a-case-report
#3
Ismaheel Lawal, Alfred Ankrah, Kehinde Ololade, Moshe Modiselle, Mike Sathekge
RATIONALE: F-18 Fluoro Deoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) is a useful modality in the evaluation of patients with malignancies. Increased incidence of lympho-proliferative disorders has been reported in individuals with long-standing end-stage renal disorders treated with renal replacement therapy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year-old male on peritoneal dialysis on account of end-stage renal disease. He had acute rejection of an earlier transplanted renal allograft...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144550/self-determination-theory-as-a-foundation-for-personality-researchers
#4
Kennon M Sheldon, Mike Prentice
In this introductory article we first describe the impetus for this special issue. What made us think that Self-Determination Theory (SDT) might provide a sort of foundation for the rest of personality psychology? For readers unfamiliar with SDT, we then provide a historical overview which covers the evolution of the six "mini-theories" that currently comprise SDT: cognitive evaluation theory, causality orientations theory, organismic integration theory, basic psychological needs theory, goal contents theory, and relational motivation theory...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#5
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142146/inflammatory-natalizumab-associated-pml-baseline-characteristics-lesion-evolution-and-relation-with-pml-iris
#6
Mike P Wattjes, Martijn T Wijburg, Jeroen van Eijk, Stephan Frequin, Bernard M J Uitdehaag, Frederik Barkhof, Clemens Warnke, Joep Killestein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (NTZ-PML) patients may show imaging signs suggestive of inflammation at diagnosis ('inflammatory PML'), reminiscent of PML-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (PML-IRIS). We investigated the imaging characteristics of inflammatory NTZ-PML lesions and PML-IRIS to determine differentiating and overlapping features. METHODS: We scored the presence, localisation and pattern of imaging characteristics of inflammation on brain MRI scans of inflammatory NTZ-PML patients...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141841/in-utero-brain-development-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease-another-piece-of-the-jigsaw-provided-by-blood-oxygen-level-dependent-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
EDITORIAL
Mike Seed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141820/fulminant-intramedullary-spinal-cord-sarcoidosis
#8
Jonas Graf, Marius Ringelstein, Orhan Aktas, Mike P Wattjes, Hans-Peter Hartung
Neurosarcoidosis is a rare disease with various clinical phenotypes. Thus, case reports and series broaden the understanding of this entity (Ibitoye et al., 2017). We present a case of isolated intramedullary spinal cord sarcoidosis, an exceedingly rare phenotype, which needs to be distinguished especially from neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). This report exemplifies the need for a systematic approach to diagnosis and management of spinal cord sarcoidosis.
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141687/autologous-adipose-derived-regenerative-cell-therapy-modulates-development-of-hypertrophic-scarring-in-a-red-duroc-porcine-model
#9
Philippe Foubert, Diana Zafra, Mike Liu, Rohit Rajoria, Damian Gutierrez, Mayer Tenenhaus, John K Fraser
BACKGROUND: Effective prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scars (HTSs), a common consequence of deep-partial thickness injury, remain a significant clinical challenge. Previous studies from our group have shown that autologous adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs) represent a promising approach to improve wound healing and, thereby, impact HTS development. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of local delivery of ADRCs immediately following deep-partial thickness cutaneous injury on HTS development in the red Duroc (RD) porcine model...
November 15, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140947/congenital-cytomegalovirus-a-european-expert-consensus-statement-on-diagnosis-and-management
#10
Suzanne E Luck, Jantien W Wieringa, Daniel Blázquez-Gamero, Philipp Henneke, Katharina Schuster, Karina Butler, Maria Grazia Capretti, Maria José Cilleruelo, Nigel Curtis, Francesca Garofoli, Paul Heath, Elias Iosifidis, Nigel Klein, Giuseppina Lombardi, Hermione Lyall, Tea Nieminen, Dasja Pajkrt, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Klara Posfay-Barbe, Laura Puhakka, Emmanuel Roilides, Pablo Rojo, Jesús Saavedra-Lozano, Teshri Shah, Mike Sharland, Harri Saxen, Ann C T M Vossen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139494/discovery-of-nicoyamycin-a-an-inhibitor-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-growth-in-low-iron-environments
#11
Laura A Mike, Ashootosh Tripathi, Connor M Blankenship, Alyssa Saluk, Pamela J Schultz, Giselle Tamayo-Castillo, David H Sherman, Harry L T Mobley
High-throughput screening and activity-guided purification identified nicoyamycin A, a natural product comprised of an uncommon 3-methyl-1,4-dioxane ring incorporated into a desferrioxamine-like backbone via a spiroaminal linkage. Nicoyamycin A potently inhibits uropathogenic Escherichia coli growth in low iron medium, a promising step toward developing novel antibiotics to treat recalcitrant bacterial infections.
November 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139320/effects-of-cable-news-watching-on-older-adults-physiological-and-self-reported-stress-and-cognitive-function
#12
Caroline Deal, Ryan Bogdan, J Phil Miller, Tom Rodebaugh, Charlene Caburnay, Mike Yingling, Tammy Hershey, Julia Schweiger, Eric J Lenze
Older adults are the largest consumer of cable news, which includes negative and politicized content and may constitute a daily stressor. As older adults are also vulnerable to the negative consequences of stress, we hypothesized that cable news watching could induce a stress reaction and impair cognitive function. We tested exposures to cable news (i.e., Fox News and MSNBC) in a within-subject randomized controlled design in 34 healthy older adults. We also included negative (Public Broadcasting Station) and positive (trier social stress test) controls...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138502/crystal-structures-of-the-mitochondrial-deacylase-sirtuin-4-reveal-isoform-specific-acyl-recognition-and-regulation-features
#13
Martin Pannek, Zeljko Simic, Matthew Fuszard, Marat Meleshin, Dante Rotili, Antonello Mai, Mike Schutkowski, Clemens Steegborn
Sirtuins are evolutionary conserved NAD(+)-dependent protein lysine deacylases. The seven human isoforms, Sirt1-7, regulate metabolism and stress responses and are considered therapeutic targets for aging-related diseases. Sirt4 locates to mitochondria and regulates fatty acid metabolism and apoptosis. In contrast to the mitochondrial deacetylase Sirt3 and desuccinylase Sirt5, no prominent deacylase activity and structural information are available for Sirt4. Here we describe acyl substrates and crystal structures for Sirt4...
November 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#14
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134740/elevated-mitochondrial-dna-copy-numbers-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-potential-biomarker-for-predicting-inferior-survival
#15
Ayushi Jain, Sameer Bakhshi, Himani Thakkar, Mike Gerards, Archna Singh
BACKGROUND: Studies on mitochondrial DNA copy number reveal an increase or decrease in copy number that appears to be cancer specific, but data on acute lymphoblastic leukemia have been inconsistent regarding the significance of changes in mitochondrial DNA copies. The purpose of this pilot study was to analyze mitochondrial DNA copy number and mitochondrial DNA integrity. PROCEDURE: Copy number and mitochondrial deletion ratios were estimated in the bone marrow of 51 patients and peripheral blood of 30 healthy controls using quantitative real-time PCR...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134353/scan-time-reduction-in-diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-the-pancreas-using-a-simultaneous-multislice-technique-with-different-acceleration-factors-how-fast-can-we-go
#16
Jana Taron, Petros Martirosian, Thomas Kuestner, Nina F Schwenzer, Ahmed Othman, Jakob Weiß, Mike Notohamiprodjo, Konstantin Nikolaou, Christina Schraml
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of simultaneous multislice-accelerated diffusion-weighted imaging (sms-DWI) of the pancreas with different acceleration factors and its influence on image quality, acquisition time and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) in comparison to conventional sequences. METHODS: DWI of the pancreas was performed at 1.5T in ten healthy volunteers and 20 patients with sms-accelerated echo-planar DWI using two different sms-acceleration factors of 2 and 3 (sms2/3-DWI)...
November 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133591/chemokine-signaling-facilitates-early-stage-breast-cancer-survival-and-invasion-through-fibroblast-dependent-mechanisms
#17
Gage Brummer, Diana S Acevedo, Qingting Hu, Mike Portsche, Wei Fang, Min Yao, Brandon Zinda, Megan Myers, Nehemiah S Alvarez, Patrick Fields, Yan Hong, Fariba Behbod, Nikki Cheng
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is the most common form of breast cancer, with 50,000 cases diagnosed every year in the United States. Over-treatment and under-treatment remain significant clinical challenges in patient care. Identifying key mechanisms associated with DCIS progression could uncover new biomarkers to better predict patient prognosis and improve guided treatment. Chemokines are small soluble molecules that regulate cellular homing through molecular gradients. CCL2-mediated recruitment of CCR2+ macrophages are a well-established mechanism for metastatic progression...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133052/design-and-synthesis-of-short-amphiphilic-cationic-peptidomimetics-based-on-biphenyl-backbone-as-antibacterial-agents
#18
Rajesh Kuppusamy, Muhammad Yasir, Thomas Berry, Charles G Cranfield, Shashidhar Nizalapur, Eugene Yee, Onder Kimyon, Aditi Taunk, Kitty K K Ho, Bruce Cornell, Mike Manefield, Mark Willcox, David StC Black, Naresh Kumar
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and their synthetic mimics have received recent interest as new alternatives to traditional antibiotics in attempts to overcome the rise of antibiotic resistance in many microbes. AMPs are part of the natural defenses of most living organisms and they also have a unique mechanism of action against bacteria. Herein, a new series of short amphiphilic cationic peptidomimetics were synthesized by incorporating the 3'-amino-[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-carboxylic acid backbone to mimic the essential properties of natural AMPs...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132638/impact-of-an-integrated-electronic-handover-tool-on-pediatric-junior-medical-staff-jms-handover
#19
Daryl R Cheng, James Liddle, Emily Mailes, Mike South
BACKGROUND: Clinical medical handover between doctors forms a critical part of the patient care process. However, with the evolution of junior medical staff (JMS) working conditions, time pressure and increasing clinical and administrative loads mean that quality clinical handover is increasingly important yet more challenging to achieve. This study evaluated the impact of a newly integrated electronic handover tool on JMS adoption and usage of the tool, as well as impacts on the quality (accuracy and redundancy) of handover data, JMS perceived workflow (time management and communication) and JMS satisfaction...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132594/ketamine-sedation-for-patients-with-acute-behavioral-disturbance-during-aeromedical-retrieval-a-retrospective-chart-review
#20
Vinay Gangathimmaiah, Minh Le Cong, Mike Wilson, Kate Hooper, Andrew Perry, Luke Burman, Nathan Puckeridge, Brian J Maguire
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, safety (as measured by the incidence of adverse events), and effectiveness (as measured by the incidence of intubations) of ketamine sedation in patients with acute behavioral disturbance (ABD) during air medical retrieval. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. Eligible patients were identified by searching the electronic databases of 2 air medical retrieval services in Queensland, Australia, for adult patients with ABD transported between January 1, 2015, and June 30, 2016...
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
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