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cationic antimicrobial peptide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811617/cell-surface-binding-uptaking-and-anticancer-activity-of-l-k6-a-lysine-leucine-rich-peptide-on-human-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells
#1
Che Wang, Shaodan Dong, Lin Zhang, Ying Zhao, Lili Huang, Xiange Gong, He Wang, Dejing Shang
Cell surface binding and internalization are critical for the specific targeting and biofunctions of some cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) with anticancer activities. However, the detailed cellular process for CAPs interacting with cancer cells and the exact molecular basis for their anticancer effects are still far from being fully understood. In the present study, we examined the cell surface binding, uptaking and anti-cancer activity of L-K6, a lysine/leucine-rich CAP, in human MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807783/aggregation-and-its-influence-on-the-immunomodulatory-activity-of-synthetic-innate-defense-regulator-peptides
#2
Evan F Haney, Bing Catherine Wu, Kelsey Lee, Ashley L Hilchie, Robert E W Hancock
There is increasing interest in developing cationic host defense peptides (HDPs) and their synthetic derivatives as antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, and anti-biofilm agents. These activities are often evaluated without considering biologically relevant concentrations of salts or serum; furthermore certain HDPs have been shown to aggregate in vitro. Here we examined the effect of aggregation on the immunomodulatory activity of a synthetic innate defense regulator peptide, 1018 (VRLIVAVRIWRR-NH2). A variety of salts and solutes were screened to determine their influence on 1018 aggregation, revealing that this peptide "salts out" of solution in an anion-specific and concentration-dependent manner...
July 24, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807561/mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-intact-francisella-bacteria-identifies-lipid-a-structure-remodeling-in-response-to-acidic-ph-stress
#3
Camille B Robert, Michael Thomson, Alain Vercellone, Francesca Gardner, Robert K Ernst, Gérald Larrouy-Maumus, Jérôme Nigou
Structural modification of lipid A, the lipid anchor of LPS, is one of the strategies used by Gram-negative bacteria to evade host innate immunity. Francisella tularensis is a human pathogen that infects and replicates within phagocytic cells. It produces an atypical lipid A, whose structure precludes an efficient recognition by both innate immune players, TLR4 and cationic antimicrobial peptides. Interestingly, a recent report indicates that the lipid A of Francisella (LVS vaccinal strain) undergoes polar modifications when bacteria are grown in human macrophages as compared to in broth...
August 11, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805387/polymyxin-binding-to-the-bacterial-outer-membrane-reveals-cation-displacement-and-increasing-membrane-curvature-in-susceptible-but-not-in-resistant-lps-chemotypes
#4
Denys Ewerton da Silva Santos, Laércio Pol-Fachin, Roberto D Lins, Thereza A Soares
Lipid-A is the causative agent of Gram-negative sepsis and responsible for increasingly high mortality rate among hospitalized patients. Compounds that bind Lipid-A can limit this inflammatory process. The cationic antimicrobial peptide polymyxin B (Pmx-B) is one of the simplest molecules capable of selectively bind to Lipid-A, and may serve as a model for further development of Lipid-A binding agents. Gram-negative bacteria resistance to Pmx-B relies on the upregulation of a number of regulatory systems, which promote chemical modifications of the LPS structure, and leads to major changes in the physical-chemical properties of the outer membrane...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804554/effect-of-omiganan-on-colonic-anastomosis-healing-in-a-rat-model-of-peritonitis
#5
Teresa Lorenzi, Maria Michela Cappelletti Trombettoni, Roberto Ghiselli, Francesca Paolinelli, Rosaria Gesuita, Oscar Cirioni, Mauro Provinciali, Wojciech Kamysz, Elzbieta Kamysz, Cristiano Piangatelli, Mario Castellucci Md, Mario Guerrieri, Manrico Morroni
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the effects of the antimicrobial cationic peptide omiganan-alone and combined with the antibiotic imipenem-on colonic anastomosis healing in presence of intraperitoneal sepsis induced in a rodent model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups of 8 animals. Group 1 (control group) underwent laparotomy and cecal mobilization and the next day received left colon anastomosis...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802004/comparison-of-antimicrobial-peptide-purification-via-free-flow-electrophoresis-and-gel-filtration-chromatography
#6
Zhi-Jun Xia, Zhen Liu, Fan-Zhi Kong, Liu-Yin Fan, Hua Xiao, Cheng-Xi Cao
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are usually small and cationic biomolecules with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities against pathogens. Purifying them from complex samples is essential to study their physiochemical properties. In this work, free-flow zone electrophoresis (FFZE) was utilized to purify antimicrobial peptides from yeast fermentation broth. Meanwhile, gel filtration chromatography (GFC) was conducted for comparison. The separation efficiency was evaluated by SDS-PAGE analysis of the fractions from both methods...
August 12, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797773/methyl-propiolate-and-3-butynone-starting-points-for-synthesis-of-amphiphilic-1-2-3-triazole-peptidomimetics-for-antimicrobial-evaluation
#7
Thomas A Bakka, Morten B Strøm, Jeanette H Andersen, Odd R Gautun
A library of 29 small 1,4-substituted 1,2,3-triazoles was prepared for studies of antimicrobial activity. The pharmacophore model investigated with these substrates was based on small peptidomimetics of antimicrobial peptides and antimicrobials isolated from marine organisms from sub-arctic regions. Using methyl 1,2,3-triazole-carboxylates and 1,2,3-triazole methyl ketones prepared through "click" chemistry we were able to synthesize the different cationic amphiphiles through three steps or less. Several structural modifications to the lipopohilic side and hydrophilic sides of the amphiphiles were investigated and compared with regards to antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity in particular...
July 29, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797092/studies-of-the-antitumor-mechanism-of-action-of-dermaseptin-b2-a-multifunctional-cationic-antimicrobial-peptide-reveal-a-partial-implication-of-cell-surface-glycosaminoglycans
#8
Célia Dos Santos, Sabah Hamadat, Karen Le Saux, Clara Newton, Meriem Mazouni, Loussiné Zargarian, Mickael Miro-Padovani, Patricia Zadigue, Jean Delbé, Yamina Hamma-Kourbali, Mohamed Amiche
Dermaseptin-B2 (DRS-B2) is a multifunctional cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAP) isolated from frog skin secretion. We previously reported that DRS-B2 possesses anticancer and antiangiogenic activities in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, we evaluated the antiproliferative activity of DRS-B2 on numerous tumor cell lines, its cell internalization and studies of its molecular partners as well as their influences on its structure. Confocal microscopy using ([Alexa594]-(Cys0)-DRS-B2) shows that in sensitive human tumor cells (PC3), DRS-B2 seems to accumulate rapidly at the cytoplasmic membranes and enters the cytoplasm and the nucleus, while in less sensitive tumor cells (U87MG), DRS-B2 is found packed in vesicles at the cell membrane...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796463/defensin-neurotoxin-dyad-in-a-basally-branching-metazoan-sea-anemone
#9
Chan-Hee Kim, Ye Jin Lee, Hye-Jin Go, Hye Young Oh, Tae Kwan Lee, Ji Been Park, Nam Gyu Park
Recent studies suggest that vertebrate and invertebrate defensins have evolved from two independent ancestors, and that both defensins could share origins with animal toxins. Here, we purified novel sea anemone neurotoxin (BDS)-like antimicrobial peptides (AMPs)-Crassicorin-I and its putative homolog (Crassicorin-II)-from the pharynx extract of an anthozoan sea anemone (Urticina crassicornis). Based on structural analyses and cDNA cloning, mature Crassicorin-I represents a cationic AMP likely generated from a precursor and comprising 40 amino acid residues, including six cysteines forming three intramolecular disulphide bonds...
August 10, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796264/lytic-cell-death-induced-by-melittin-bypasses-pyroptosis-but-induces-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-il-1%C3%AE-release
#10
Fátima Martín-Sánchez, Juan José Martínez-García, María Muñoz-García, Miriam Martínez-Villanueva, José A Noguera-Velasco, David Andreu, Luís Rivas, Pablo Pelegrín
The nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat-containing receptor with a pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a sensor for different types of infections and alterations of homeostatic parameters, including abnormally high levels of the extracellular nucleotide ATP or crystallization of different metabolites. All NLRP3 activators trigger a similar intracellular pathway, where a decrease in intracellular K(+) concentration and permeabilization of plasma membrane are key steps. Cationic amphipathic antimicrobial peptides and peptide toxins permeabilize the plasma membrane...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795806/converting-teixobactin-into-a-cationic-antimicrobial-peptide-amp
#11
Shimaa A H Abdel Monaim, Estelle J Ramchuran, Ayman El-Faham, Fernando Albericio, Beatriz G de la Torre
Teixobactin is a head to side chain cyclodepsipeptide that contains two positive charges. One is found in the cycle, as a result of the presence of the guanidino-unusual amino acid L-allo-End, while the other is at the N-terminal. Here we introduce 26 new Teixobactin analogues with an increasing number of positive charges. In an attempt to fine-tune the biological activity of Teixobactin, we examined the effect of cationicity on the SAR of these analogues. The maximum number of positive charges to maintain the activity are three-four...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795464/antimicrobial-activity-of-leucine-substituted-decoralin-analogs-with-lower-hemolytic-activity
#12
Marcelo Der Torossian Torres, Cibele Nicolaski Pedron, Julia Aparecida da Silva Lima, Pedro Ismael da Silva, Fernanda Dias da Silva, Vani Xavier Oliveira
Linear cationic α-helical antimicrobial peptides are promising chemotherapeutics. Most of them act by different mechanisms, making it difficult to microorganisms acquiring resistance. Decoralin is an example of antimicrobial peptide; it was described by Konno et al. and presented activity against microorganisms, but with pronounced hemolytic activity. We synthesized leucine-substituted decoralin analogs designed based on important physicochemical properties, which depend on the maintenance of the amphiphilic α-helical tendency of the native molecule...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770291/tumor-cell-membrane-targeting-cationic-antimicrobial-peptides-novel-insights-into-mechanisms-of-action-and-therapeutic-prospects
#13
REVIEW
Amy A Baxter, Fung T Lay, Ivan K H Poon, Marc Kvansakul, Mark D Hulett
There is an ongoing need for effective and targeted cancer treatments that can overcome the detrimental side effects presented by current treatment options. One class of novel anticancer molecules with therapeutic potential currently under investigation are cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs). CAPs are small innate immunity peptides found ubiquitously throughout nature that are typically membrane-active against a wide range of pathogenic microbes. A number of CAPs can also target mammalian cells and often display selective activity towards tumor cells, making them attractive candidates as novel anticancer agents warranting further investigation...
August 2, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767074/comparative-study-on-antistaphylococcal-activity-of-lipopeptides-in-various-culture-media
#14
Maciej Jaśkiewicz, Damian Neubauer, Wojciech Kamysz
Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are one of the leading microorganisms responsible for nosocomial infections as well as being the primary causative pathogen of skin and wound infections. Currently, the therapy of staphylococcal diseases faces many difficulties, due to a variety of mechanisms of resistance and virulence factors. Moreover, a number of infections caused by S. aureus are connected with biofilm formation that impairs effectiveness of the therapy. Short cationic lipopeptides that are designed on the basis of the structure of antimicrobial peptides are likely to provide a promising alternative to conventional antibiotics...
August 2, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765224/genome-wide-sensitivity-analysis-of-the-microsymbiont-sinorhizobium-meliloti-to-symbiotically-important-defensin-like-host-peptides
#15
Markus F F Arnold, Mohammed Shabab, Jon Penterman, Kevin L Boehme, Joel S Griffitts, Graham C Walker
The model legume species Medicago truncatula expresses more than 700 nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) signaling peptides that mediate the differentiation of Sinorhizobium meliloti bacteria into nitrogen-fixing bacteroids. NCR peptides are essential for a successful symbiosis in legume plants of the inverted-repeat-lacking clade (IRLC) and show similarity to mammalian defensins. In addition to signaling functions, many NCR peptides exhibit antimicrobial activity in vitro and in vivo Bacterial resistance to these antimicrobial activities is likely to be important for symbiosis...
August 1, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763193/peptide-membrane-interaction-between-targeting-and-lysis
#16
Katharina Stutz, Alex T Müller, Jan A Hiss, Petra Schneider, Markus Blatter, Bernhard Pfeiffer, Gernot Posselt, Gil Kanfer, Benoît Kornmann, Paul Wrede, Karl-Heinz Altmann, Silja Wessler, Gisbert Schneider
Certain cationic peptides interact with biological membranes. These often-complex interactions can result in peptide targeting to the membrane, or in membrane permeation, rupture, and cell lysis. We investigated the relationship between the structural features of membrane-active peptides and these effects, to better understand these processes. To this end, we employed a computational method for morphing a membranolytic antimicrobial peptide into a nonmembranolytic mitochondrial targeting peptide by "directed simulated evolution...
August 8, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750089/a-synthetic-cationic-antimicrobial-peptide-inhibits-inflammatory-response-and-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-by-neutralizing-lps-and-atp
#17
Lan-Hui Li, Tz-Chuen Ju, Chih-Yu Hsieh, Wei-Chih Dong, Wan-Tze Chen, Kuo-Feng Hua, Wei-Jung Chen
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are one of the most important defense mechanisms against bacterial infections in insects, plants, non-mammalian vertebrates, and mammals. In the present study, a class of synthetic AMPs was evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity. One cationic AMP, GW-A2, demonstrated the ability to inhibit the expression levels of nitric oxide (NO), inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated macrophages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747178/anaerobic-bacteria-growth-in-the-presence-of-cathelicidin-ll-37-and-selected-ceragenins-delivered-as-magnetic-nanoparticles-cargo
#18
Bonita Durnaś, Ewelina Piktel, Marzena Wątek, Tomasz Wollny, Stanisław Góźdź, Jolanta Smok-Kalwat, Katarzyna Niemirowicz, Paul B Savage, Robert Bucki
BACKGROUND: Cationic antibacterial peptides (CAPs) and synthetic molecules mimicking the amphiphilic structure of CAPs, such as ceragenins, are promising compounds for the development of new antimicrobials. RESULTS: We tested the in vitro activity of ceragenins CSA-13 and CSA-131 against several anaerobic bacteria including Bacteroides spp. and Clostridium difficile. We compared results to the activity of cathelicidin LL-37, metronidazole and nanosystems developed by attachment of CSA-13 and CSA-131 to magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs)...
July 26, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739828/mice-bone-marrow-sca-1-cd44-mesenchymal-stem-cells-kill-avirulent-mycobacteria-but-not-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-through-modulation-of-cathelicidin-expression-via-p38-mapk-dependent-pathway
#19
Sumanta Kumar Naik, Avinash Padhi, Geetanjali Ganguli, Srabasti Sengupta, Sanghamitra Pati, Dasarathi Das, Avinash Sonawane
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) primarily infects lung macrophages. However, recent study has shown that Mtb also infect and persist in dormant form inside the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) even after successful antibiotic therapy. However, the mechanism(s) by which Mtb survives in BM-MSCs is still not known. Like macrophages, BM-MSCs do not contain a well-defined endocytic pathway, which is known to play a central role in the clearance of internalized mycobacteria. Here, we studied the fate of virulent and avirulent mycobacteria in Sca-1(+)/CD44(+) BM-MSCs...
July 24, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735028/protein-only-antimicrobial-peptide-containing-recombinant-nanoparticles-with-inherent-built-in-antibacterial-activity
#20
Naroa Serna, Laura Sánchez-García, Alejandro Sánchez-Chardi, Ugutz Unzueta, Mónica Roldán, Ramón Mangues, Esther Vázquez, Antonio Villaverde
The emergence of bacterial antibiotic resistances is a serious concern in human and animal health. In this context, naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) might play a main role in a next generation of drugs against bacterial infections. Taking an innovative approach to design self-organizing functional proteins, we have generated here protein-only nanoparticles with intrinsic AMP microbicide activity. Using a recombinant version of the GWH1 antimicrobial peptide as building block, these materials show a wide antibacterial activity spectrum in absence of detectable toxicity on mammalian cells...
July 19, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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