Read by QxMD icon Read

water bacteria

Heejung Kim, Dugin Kaown, Bernhard Mayer, Jin-Yong Lee, Kang-Kun Lee
Hyporheic zones are considered hot spots for numerically vast and phylogenetically diverse microbial communities. However, biogeochemical effects of hyporheic zones have rarely been investigated in detail because of the difficulty in accurately measuring denitrification in these zones. To date, little is known about the hydroecology of hyporheic zones. The effect of changes in hydraulic conditions on the community variations of indigenous microorganisms and water quality was examined based on the depth of the hyporheic zone...
March 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Ghanshyam Kumar Satyapal, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Amrita Srivastava, Rajesh Kumar Ranjan, Krishna Prakash, Rizwanul Haque, Nitish Kumar
In middle Gangetic plain, high arsenic concentration is present in water, which causes a significant health risk. Total 48 morphologically distinct arsenite resistant bacteria were isolated from middle Gangetic plain. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of arsenite varied widely in the range 1-15 mM of the isolates. On the basis of their MIC, two isolates, AK1 (KY569423) and AK9 (KY569424) were selected. The analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of selected isolates revealed that they are belong to the genus Pseudomonas ...
March 2018: Biotechnology Reports
Eleni C Pappa, Thomas G Bontinis, Maria Tasioula-Margari, John Samelis
The microbiological quality of and changes in the main physicochemical parameters, together with the evolution of proteolysis, lipolysis and volatile profiles of soft Xinotyri, a traditional Greek acid-curd cheese (pH≈4.4, moisture 65%, salt 1%) made from raw (RMC) or pasteurized (PMC) goat's milk without starters, were evaluated during aerobic storage at 4o C for 60 days. No statistically significant differences between the total nitrogen (TN) and nitrogen fraction (% of TN) contents, the degradation of intact αs - or β-caseins, total free amino acid (FAA) contents, and the ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic peptides in the water-soluble fraction of RMC and PMC were found...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Amy Chia-Ching Kao, Sonia Spitzer, Daniel C Anthony, Belinda Lennox, Philip W J Burnet
Olanzapine is an effective antipsychotic drug but since it causes significant weight gain, it is not well tolerated by psychosis patients. The prebiotic, B-GOS® , attenuates metabolic dysfunction in obese subjects, and in rodents, alters central NMDA receptors and may affect serotonin receptors that are relevant in psychosis. We have determined whether B-GOS® influenced olanzapine-associated weight gain and central NMDA and serotonin receptors. Circulating acetate, IL-1β, IL-8 and TNFα, liver acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), white adipose tissue (WAT) acetate receptor GPR43, and specific faecal bacteria genera were also measured to provide mechanistic information...
March 15, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Lipeng Gu, Bin Huang, Chaochao Lai, Zhixiang Xu, Huan He, Xuejun Pan
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is shown to act as an electron shuttle mediator which enhances the microbial degradation of steroid estrogens in natural water. Batch studies were conducted with 17β‑estradiol (E2), quinone-reducing bacteria, DOM, and Fe(III) as a terminal electron acceptor. The results show that anthraquinone‑2‑disulfonate (AQS) approximately doubles the microbial degradation of E2 by DOM alone. The effect decreases sharply at AQS concentrations above 1.0mmol·L-1 . Over three oxidation-reduction cycles, the electron-shuttling ability of AQS and the E2 biodegradation rate decreased step by step...
March 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Arwa Abu Khweek, Amal O Amer
Legionella pneumophila ( L. pneumophila ) is an opportunistic waterborne pathogen and the causative agent for Legionnaires' disease, which is transmitted to humans via inhalation of contaminated water droplets. The bacterium is able to colonize a variety of man-made water systems such as cooling towers, spas, and dental lines and is widely distributed in multiple niches, including several species of protozoa In addition to survival in planktonic phase, L. pneumophila is able to survive and persist within multi-species biofilms that cover surfaces within water systems...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Yan Liu, Ling Zhang, Li-Na Niu, Tao Yu, Hockin H K Xu, Michael D Weir, Thomas W Oates, Franklin R Tay, Ji-Hua Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bonding performance, antibacterial activity, and remineralization effect on enamel of the orthodontic adhesive containing MAE-DB and NACP. METHODS: Eighty non-carious human premolars were divided into 3 groups: Transbond XT (TB), PEHB + 5% MAE-DB (PD), and PEHB + 40% NACP + 5% MAE-DB (PND). Premolars were bonded with orthodontic brackets, the first subgroup (n = 10) and the second subgroup (n = 10) were subjected to shear bond strength testing after immersed in water for 1 day and in demineralization solution for 28 days respectively and then tested surface roughness, while the third subgroup (n = 6) was used for microhardness evaluation after aged in demineralization solution for 28 days...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Alua Omarova, Kamshat Tussupova, Ronny Berndtsson, Marat Kalishev, Kulyash Sharapatova
Improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are significant in preventing diarrhea morbidity and mortality caused by protozoa in low- and middle-income countries. Due to the intimate and complex relationships between the different WASH components, it is often necessary to improve not just one but all of these components to have sustainable results. The objective of this paper was to review the current state of WASH-related health problems caused by parasitic protozoa by: giving an overview and classification of protozoa and their effect on people's health, discussing different ways to improve accessibility to safe drinking water, sanitation services and personal hygiene behavior; and suggesting an institutional approach to ensure improved WASH...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sheryl O Fernandes, Lankalapalli Surya Prakash, Mechirackal Balan Binish, Kottekkatu Padinchati Krishnan, Palayil John Kurian
Mn-oxidizing potential of two metal-tolerant bacterial strains - Halomonas meridiana and Marinobacter algicola isolated from the South West Indian Ridge waters were compared at varying concentrations of Mn (II), i.e., 1, 10, and 100 μmol and mmol L-1 . Accompanying changes in their morphology and metabolism were also determined. At concentrations >1 mmol L-1 Mn (II), Mn-oxidizing potential of M. algicola was 2-7 times greater than that of H. meridiana. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that exposure to elevated metal content prompted bacterial cells especially those of M...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Jana Kisková, Zuzana Perháčová, Ladislav Vlčko, Jana Sedláková, Simona Kvasnová, Peter Pristaš
Although neutral mine drainage is the less frequent subject of the interest than acid mine drainage, it can have adverse environmental effects caused mainly by precipitation of dissolved Fe. The aim of the study was to characterize the composition of bacterial population in environment with high concentration of iron and sulfur compounds represented by neutral mine drainage water of Elizabeth's shaft, Slovinky (Slovakia). Direct microscopic observations, cultivation methods, and 454 pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene amplicons were used to examine the bacterial population...
March 12, 2018: Current Microbiology
Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Ana Plemenitaš, Aharon Oren
Hypersaline environments with salt concentrations up to NaCl saturation are inhabited by a great diversity of microorganisms belonging to the three domains of life. They all must cope with the low water activity of their environment, but different strategies exist to provide osmotic balance of the cells' cytoplasm with the salinity of the medium. One option used by many halophilic Archaea and a few representatives of the Bacteria is to accumulate salts, mainly KCl and to adapt the entire intracellular machinery to function in the presence of molar concentrations of salts...
February 26, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Muhe Diao, Jef Huisman, Gerard Muyzer
Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) drive major transformations in the sulfur cycle, and play vital roles in oxic-anoxic transitions in lakes and coastal waters. However, information on the succession of these sulfur bacteria in seasonally stratified lakes using molecular biological techniques is scarce. Here, we used 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to study the spatio-temporal dynamics of sulfur bacteria during oxic-anoxic regime shifts in Lake Vechten. Oxygen and sulfate were mixed throughout the water column in winter and early spring...
March 8, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Qingyi Xie, Qianni Xie, Jiansen Pan, Chunfeng Ma, Guangzhao Zhang
Persistent protein resistance is critical for marine antibiofouling. We have prepared copolymer of 2-methylene-1,3-dioxepane (MDO), tertiary carboxybetaine ester (TCB) and 7-methacryloyloxy-4-methylcoumarin (MAMC) via radical ring-opening polymerization, where MDO, TCB and MAMC make the polymer degradable, protein resistible and photo-crosslinkable, respectively. Our study shows that the polymer can well adhere to the substrate with controlled degradation and water absorption rate in artificial seawater (ASW)...
March 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ganyu Gu, Andrea Ottesen, Samantha Bolten, Padmini Ramachandran, Elizabeth Reed, Steve Rideout, Yaguang Luo, Jitendra Patel, Eric Brown, Xiangwu Nou
Fresh produce, like spinach, harbors diverse bacterial populations, including spoilage and potentially pathogenic bacteria. This study examined the effects of produce washing in chlorinated water and subsequent storage on the microbiota of spinach. Baby spinach leaves from a commercial fresh-cut produce processor were assessed before and after washing in chlorinated water, and then after one week's storage at 4, 10, and 15 °C. Microbial communities on spinach were analyzed by non-selective plating, qPCR, and 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
David Laureys, Maarten Aerts, Peter Vandamme, Luc De Vuyst
Eight water kefir fermentation series differing in the presence of oxygen, the nutrient concentration, and the nutrient source were studied during eight consecutive backslopping steps. The presence of oxygen allowed the proliferation of acetic acid bacteria, resulting in high concentrations of acetic acid, and decreased the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium aquikefiri. Low nutrient concentrations resulted in slow water kefir fermentation and high pH values, which allowed the growth of Comamonas testosteroni/thiooxydans...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
David I Walker, Andrew Younger, Louise Stockley, Craig Baker-Austin
A wide variety of pathogenic agents such as bacteria, viruses and parasites can be greatly concentrated in filter feeding bivalve molluscan shellfish (BMS), that are grown in faecally contaminated waters. Human health risks associated with the consumption of BMS are also compounded by the traditional pattern of consuming them raw or lightly cooked. Because of these well-established food safety risks, food legislation such as that in Europe stipulates that BMS production areas are monitored for faecal contamination and classified accordingly...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Oluwadara Oluwaseun Alegbeleye, Ian Singleton, Anderson S Sant'Ana
Foodborne illness resulting from the consumption of contaminated fresh produce is a common phenomenon and has severe effects on human health together with severe economic and social impacts. The implications of foodborne diseases associated with fresh produce have urged research into the numerous ways and mechanisms through which pathogens may gain access to produce, thereby compromising microbiological safety. This review provides a background on the various sources and pathways through which pathogenic bacteria contaminate fresh produce; the survival and proliferation of pathogens on fresh produce while growing and potential methods to reduce microbial contamination before harvest...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Paul Whitehead, Gianbattista Bussi, Mohammed Abed Hossain, Michaela Dolk, Partho Das, Sean Comber, Rebecca Peters, Katrina J Charles, Rob Hope, Sarwar Hossain
River water quality in rapidly urbanising Asian cities threatens to damage the resource base on which human health, economic growth and poverty reduction all depend. Dhaka reflects the challenges and opportunities for balancing these dynamic and complex trade-offs which goals can be achieved through effective policy interventions. There is a serious problem of water pollution in central Dhaka, in the Turag-Tongi-Balu River system in Bangladesh with the river system being one of the most polluted in the world at the moment...
March 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Songqi Liu, Chao Wang, Jun Hou, Peifang Wang, Lingzhan Miao, Xiulei Fan, Guoxiang You, Yi Xu
The widespread use of commercial silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) inevitably results in their increased release into natural waters and subsequent deposition in sediments, requiring the environmental impact of such deposition to be closely investigated. Hence, the effects of Ag NPs, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-Ag NPs, and sliver sulfide nanoparticles (Ag2 S NPs) on denitrification-induced gas production (N2 O and15 N-N2 ), and denitrifying microbes in freshwater sediments were investigated. Slurry experiments (8 h) combined with a15 NO3 - addition technique were performed to determine the gaseous production...
March 8, 2018: Water Research
Marta Michalska-Sionkowska, Beata Kaczmarek, Maciej Walczak, Alina Sionkowska
In this study polymeric blends based on collagen, chitosan and hyaluronic acid in the form of thin films with the addition of gentamicin sulfate were obtained. Surface morphology of films was evaluated based on atomic force microscopy images. Surface free energy was measured and its polar and dispersive components were calculated. Moreover, oxygen and water vapor permeability through the material were measured as well as the water content in materials was studied. Thermal stability was determined by differential scanning calorimetry...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"