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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494423/investigating-sources-of-pharmaceutical-pollution-survey-of-over-the-counter-and-prescription-medication-purchasing-use-and-disposal-practices-among-university-students
#1
Christine Vatovec, Emily Van Wagoner, Corey Evans
Pharmaceutical pollution in surface waters poses a range of risks to public health and aquatic ecosystems. Consumers contribute to pharmaceutical pollution via use and disposal of medications, though data on such behaviors is limited. This paper investigates the purchasing, use, and disposal practices among a population that has been researched only minimally to date, yet will determine pharmaceutical pollution for decades to come: young adults represented by a university student population. We employed an online, 21-question survey to examine behaviors related to pharmaceuticals among students at the University of Vermont (n = 358)...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476709/spectrophotometric-assessment-of-different-surface-coating-materials-on-conventional-glass-ionomer-cement
#2
Aftab Ahmed Khan, Adel Zia Siddiqui, Jamaluddin Syed, Shafaq Noori, Abdulaziz Abdullah Alkheraif
The purpose of this in vitro study was to analyse the absorbance of dye material in conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) by applying various commercially available surface protecting layers on GIC. 90 disc-shaped specimens were made using brass mold measuring 7mm in diameter and 2mm in thickness. 30 specimens were selected for each week testing having 6 groups (n=5). The groups were: G1 (Control group), G2 (Nail polish coated GIC), G3 (Master bond coated GIC), G4 (Copal varnish coated GIC), G5 (Varnal coated GIC), G6 (Cold mold seal coated GIC)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413165/applying-multi-theory-model-mtm-of-health-behavior-change-to-predict-water-consumption-instead-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#3
Manoj Sharma, Hannah Priest Catalano, Vinayak K Nahar, Vimala C Lingam, Paul Johnson, M Allison Ford
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of college students to not drink enough water and consume sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Consumption of SSBs is associated with weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dental carries, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Hence, the purpose of this study was to use the multi-theory model (MTM) in predicting initiation and sustenance of plain water consumption instead of sugar-sweetened beverages among college students. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#4
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118474/waterborne-disease-case-investigation-public-health-nursing-simulation
#5
Gina K Alexander, Sharon B Canclini, Jon Fripp, William Fripp
BACKGROUND: The lack of safe drinking water is a significant public health threat worldwide. Registered nurses assess the physical environment, including the quality of the water supply, and apply environmental health knowledge to reduce environmental exposures. The purpose of this research brief is to describe a waterborne disease simulation for students enrolled in a public health nursing (PHN) course. METHOD: A total of 157 undergraduate students completed the simulation in teams, using the SBAR (Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation) reporting tool...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057502/variants-of-the-morris-water-maze-task-to-comparatively-assess-human-and-rodent-place-navigation
#6
Robby Schoenfeld, Thomas Schiffelholz, Christian Beyer, Bernd Leplow, Nigel Foreman
Performance in the Morris water maze has been widely used in routine behavioural studies of rodents. Since the advent of computer-based virtual environments, adaptations of the water maze have become available for human research. Despite decades of comparative neuroscience, formal comparisons of human and animal place navigation performance are rare. We studied 36 subjects, 18 young male mice in a Morris water maze and 18 male students in a virtual version. Quantitative measures (escape latencies, distances and platform crossings) indicated no discernable differences between human and rodent performance, reinforcing the task's general validity and its implied cross-species comparability...
January 3, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039136/laboratory-surveillance-of-polio-and-other-enteroviruses-in-high-risk-populations-and-environmental-samples
#7
Vasiliki Pogka, Stavroula Labropoulou, Mary Emmanouil, Androniki Voulgari-Kokota, Alexandra Vernardaki, Theano Georgakopoulou, Andreas F Mentis
In the context of poliomyelitis eradication, a reinforced supplementary laboratory surveillance of enteroviruses was implemented in Greece. Between 2008 and 2014, the Hellenic Polioviruses/Enteroviruses Reference Laboratory performed detailed supplementary surveillance of circulating enteroviruses among healthy individuals in high-risk population groups, among immigrants from countries in which poliovirus is endemic, and in environmental samples. In total, 722 stool samples and 179 sewage water samples were included in the study...
March 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820821/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-diarrheal-disease-and-dengue-entomological-risk-factors-in-rural-primary-schools-in-colombia
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hans J Overgaard, Neal Alexander, Maria Ines Matiz, Juan Felipe Jaramillo, Victor Alberto Olano, Sandra Vargas, Diana Sarmiento, Audrey Lenhart, Thor Axel Stenström
BACKGROUND: As many neglected tropical diseases are co-endemic and have common risk factors, integrated control can efficiently reduce disease burden and relieve resource-strained public health budgets. Diarrheal diseases and dengue fever are major global health problems sharing common risk factors in water storage containers. Where provision of clean water is inadequate, water storage is crucial. Fecal contamination of stored water is a common source of diarrheal illness, but stored water also provides breeding sites for dengue vector mosquitoes...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740925/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-awareness-about-menstruation-in-adolescent-girls-of-an-urban-slum-in-western-maharashtra
#9
Puja Dudeja, Apoorva Sindhu, Pooja Shankar, Tukaram Gadekar
INTRODUCTION: Reproductive health of adolescent girls is crucial as it determines the health of future generations. School girls when experiencing menarche find themselves in a setting without water, toilets or a supportive female teacher to explain the changes happening in their body. An important concern for adolescent girls is to have adequate, correct knowledge along with facilities and the cultural environment to manage menstruation hygienically and with dignity. Hence, the present study was done to assess knowledge and practices about menstruation in adolescent school girls of an urban slum...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740850/sunscreen-use-and-sweat-production-in-men-and-women
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jorge Aburto-Corona, Luis Aragón-Vargas
CONTEXT: Sunscreen lotions are important to protect the skin during outdoor exercise, but they may interfere with sweating. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of 2 water-resistant sunscreens on local sweat production in men and women exercising in the heat and to compare those effects with the expected inhibition resulting from the use of an antiperspirant. DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. SETTING: Exercise in the heat (ambient temperature = 30...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446271/effect-of-various-environments-and-computed-tomography-scanning-parameters-on-renal-volume-measurements-in-vitro-a-phantom-study
#11
Wangyan Liu, Yinsu Zhu, Lijun Tang, Xiaomei Zhu, Yi Xu, Guanyu Yang
Kidney volume is an important parameter in clinical practice, and accurate assessment of kidney volume is vital. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of various environments, tube voltages, tube currents and slice thicknesses on the accuracy of a novel segmentation software in determining renal volume on computed tomography (CT) images. The volumes of potatoes and porcine kidneys were measured on CT images and compared with the actual volumes, which were determined by a water displacement method...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425794/compliance-with-standard-precautions-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students-in-a-saudi-university-a-self-report-study
#12
Paolo C Colet, Jonas P Cruz, Khalaf A Alotaibi, Maverick K A Colet, Sheikh M S Islam
Meticulous observance of standard infection control precautions by health care providers is strongly recommended for every patient encounter. Assessment of nursing students' compliance should be carried out regularly in order to ensure adherence to protocols. Thus, this study was conducted to assess self-reported compliance with standard precautions among baccalaureates in nursing students in a Saudi university. A convenience sample of 236 nursing students was surveyed in this cross-sectional, self-reported study, using the Compliance with Standard Precaution Scale Arabic version (CSPS-A)...
July 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098225/school-beverage-environment-and-children-s-energy-expenditure-associated-with-physical-education-class-an-agent-based-model-simulation
#13
H-J Chen, H Xue, S Kumanyika, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Physical activity contributes to children's energy expenditure and prevents excess weight gain, but fluid replacement with sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) may diminish this benefit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the net energy expenditure (EE) after physical education (PE) class given the competition between water and SSB consumption for rehydration and explore environmental factors that may influence the net EE, e.g. PE duration, affordability of SSB and students' SSB preference...
April 20, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093508/comparison-of-psychophysiological-stress-in-physiotherapy-students-undertaking-simulation-and-hospital-based-clinical-education
#14
Belinda Karyn Judd, Jennifer Ailsey Alison, Donna Waters, Christopher James Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Simulation-based clinical education often aims to replicate varying aspects of real clinical practice. It is unknown whether learners' stress levels in simulation are comparable with those in clinical practice. The current study compared acute stress markers during simulation-based clinical education with that experienced in situ in a hospital-based environment. METHODS: Undergraduate physiotherapy students' (n = 33) acute stress responses [visual analog scales of stress and anxiety, continuous heart rate (HR), and saliva cortisol] were assessed during matched patient encounters in simulation-based laboratories using standardized patients and during hospital clinical placements with real patients...
August 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089337/development-of-a-low-cost-arduino-based-sonde-for-coastal-applications
#15
Grant Lockridge, Brian Dzwonkowski, Reid Nelson, Sean Powers
This project addresses the need for an expansion in the monitoring of marine environments by providing a detailed description of a low cost, robust, user friendly sonde, built on Arduino Mega 2560 (Mega) and Arduino Uno (Uno) platforms. The sonde can be made without specialized tools or training and can be easily modified to meet individual application requirements. The platform allows for internal logging of multiple parameters of which conductivity, temperature, and GPS position are demonstrated. Two design configurations for different coastal hydrographic applications are highlighted to show the robust and versatile nature of this sensor platform...
2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047594/the-search-for-violacein-producing-microbes-to-combat-batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis-a-collaborative-research-project-between-secondary-school-and-college-research-students
#16
Larra Agate, Deborah Beam, Collen Bucci, Yegor Dukashin, Raneem Jo'Beh, Kelsey O'Brien, Brooke A Jude
In this citizen science-aided, college laboratory-based microbiology research project, secondary school students collaborate with college research students on an investigation centered around bacterial species in the local watershed. This study specifically investigated the prevalence of violacein-producing bacterial isolates, as violacein has been demonstrated as a potential bioremediation treatment for outbreaks of the worldwide invasive chytrid, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). The impact of this invasion has been linked to widespread amphibian decline, and tracking of the spread of Bd is currently ongoing...
March 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960714/challenges-and-opportunities-for-urban-environmental-health-and-sustainability-the-healthy-polis-initiative
#17
Sotiris Vardoulakis, Keith Dear, Paul Wilkinson
Cities around the world face many environmental health challenges including contamination of air, water and soil, traffic congestion and noise, and poor housing conditions exacerbated by unsustainable urban development and climate change. Integrated assessment of these risks offers opportunities for holistic, low carbon solutions in the urban environment that can bring multiple benefits for public health. The Healthy-Polis consortium aims to protect and promote urban health through multi-disciplinary, policy-relevant research on urban environmental health and sustainability...
March 8, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804308/using-medical-student-observers-of-infection-prevention-hand-hygiene-and-injection-safety-in-outpatient-settings-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Deborah Thompson, Lisa Bowdey, Meghan Brett, James Cheek
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infection outbreaks have occurred in outpatient settings due to lapses in infection prevention. However, little is known about the overall infection prevention status in outpatient environments. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was employed to assess infection prevention policies and practices at 15 outpatient sites across New Mexico in 2014 during a medical student outpatient rotation. A standardized infection prevention checklist was completed via staff interview; observations of injection safety practices and hand hygiene behavior were conducted...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764424/comparing-the-temporal-colonization-and-microbial-diversity-of-showerhead-biofilms-in-hawai-i-and-colorado
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jonathan Abe, Aleena Alop-Mabuti, Peyton Burger, Jackson Button, Madeline Ellsberry, Jaycinth Hitzeman, David Morgenstern, Kasey Nunies, Mara Strother, Jared Darling-Munson, Yvonne L Chan, Robert Cassady, Sarah Maile K Vasconcellos, Michael D Iseman, Edward D Chan, Jennifer R Honda
The household is a potential source of opportunistic pathogens to humans, a particularly critical issue for immunodeficient individuals. An important human-microbe interface is the biofilm that develops on showerhead surfaces. Once microbe-laden biofilms become aerosolized, they can potentially be inhaled into the lungs. Understanding how quickly a new showerhead becomes colonized would provide useful information to minimize exposure to potentially pathogenic environmental microbes. High school scientists sampled the inner surfaces of pre-existing and newly fitted showerheads monthly over a nine-month period and applied standard microbiologic culture techniques to qualitatively assess microbial growth...
February 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715515/distance-perception-in-an-open-water-environment-analysis-of-individual-differences
#20
Chris Button, Matthew Schofield, James Croft
We investigated whether distance estimation accuracy over open water is influenced by the viewing direction of the observer. Twenty-two healthy students (9 male, 13 female) made 10 distance estimates ranging between 50 and 950 m actual distance in 2 viewing conditions: (1) from shore to boat and (2) from boat to shore. There were no consistent differences in estimation accuracy between viewing directions. The group data revealed a general tendency to underestimate actual distances (74%), but there was considerable interindividual variance (mean error of 74% ± 27%, range = 31% to 145%)...
April 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
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