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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690570/mapping-the-hidden-hazards-community-led-spatial-data-collection-of-street-level-environmental-stressors-in-a-degraded-urban-watershed
#1
Na'Taki Osborne Jelks, Timothy L Hawthorne, Dajun Dai, Christina H Fuller, Christine Stauber
We utilized a participatory mapping approach to collect point locations, photographs, and descriptive data about select built environment stressors identified and prioritized by community residents living in the Proctor Creek Watershed, a degraded, urban watershed in Northwest Atlanta, Georgia. Residents (watershed researchers) used an indicator identification framework to select three watershed stressors that influence urban livability: standing water, illegal dumping on land and in surface water, and faulty stormwater infrastructure...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666646/shisha-smoking-habit-among-dental-school-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates-enabling-factors-and-barriers
#2
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Ahmed S Alnuaimi, Asmaa T Uthman
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to assess shisha smoking among dental school students in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). In addition, the role of suggested barriers and enabling factors in shisha smoking was also evaluated. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, between February and May 2016. The questions were adapted from previously published water pipe smoking studies...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593685/the-use-of-a-chimeric-rhodopsin-vector-for-the-detection-of-new-proteorhodopsins-based-on-color
#3
Alina Pushkarev, Gur Hevroni, Sheila Roitman, Jin-Gon Shim, Ahreum Choi, Kwang-Hwan Jung, Oded Béjà
Student microbial ecology laboratory courses are often conducted as condensed courses in which theory and wet lab work are combined in a very intensive short time period. In last decades, the study of marine microbial ecology is increasingly reliant on molecular-based methods, and as a result many of the research projects conducted in such courses require sequencing that is often not available on site and may take more time than a typical course allows. In this work, we describe a protocol combining molecular and functional methods for analyzing proteorhodopsins (PRs), with visible results in only 4-5 days that do not rely on sequencing...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273301/the-association-between-natural-environments-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-living-in-the-united-states
#4
Carla P Bezold, Rachel F Banay, Brent A Coull, Jaime E Hart, Peter James, Laura D Kubzansky, Stacey A Missmer, Francine Laden
PURPOSE: Exposure to nature and natural environments may be beneficial for mental health; however, most population-based studies have been conducted among adults whereas few have focused on adolescents. We aimed to investigate the relationship between both greenness (vegetation) and blue space (water), and depressive symptoms among teenagers in the United States. METHODS: The study population included 9,385 participants ages 12-18 in the 1999 wave of the Growing Up Today Study...
April 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190090/external-exposure-to-short-and-medium-chain-chlorinated-paraffins-for-the-general-population-in-beijing-china
#5
Wei Gao, Dandan Cao, Yingjun Wang, Jing Wu, Ying Wang, Yawei Wang, Guibin Jiang
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are a class of compounds that are currently produced and used in large amounts in commercial products worldwide. In this study, food, indoor air, indoor dust, and drinking water samples were collected to evaluate the external exposure levels of CPs and possible pathway for the general population in Beijing, China. Short chain CPs (SCCPs) and medium chain CPs (MCCPs) in 199 samples were analyzed using a gas chromatography tandem time-of-flight high-resolution mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-HR-MS) method...
January 2, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116002/ice-associated-norovirus-outbreak-predominantly-caused-by-gii-17-in-taiwan-2015
#6
Hao-Yuan Cheng, Min-Nan Hung, Wan-Chin Chen, Yi-Chun Lo, Ying-Shih Su, Hsin-Yi Wei, Meng-Yu Chen, Yen-Chang Tuan, Hui-Chen Lin, Hsu-Yang Lin, Tsung-Yen Liu, Yu-Ying Wang, Fang-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: On 5 March 2015, Taiwan Centers for Disease Control was notified of more than 200 students with gastroenteritis at a senior high school during excursion to Kenting. We conducted an outbreak investigation to identify the causative agent and possible vehicle of the pathogen. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by using a structured questionnaire to interview all students for consumed food items during their stay at the resort. Students were defined as a gastroenteritis case while having vomiting or diarrhea after the breakfast on 4 March...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039378/dna-encoding-training-using-3d-gesture-interaction
#7
Stelian Nicola, Flavia-Laura Handrea, Mihaela Crişan-Vida, Lăcrămioara Stoicu-Tivadar
The work described in this paper summarizes the development process and presents the results of a human genetics training application, studying the 20 amino acids formed by the combination of the 3 nucleotides of DNA targeting mainly medical and bioinformatics students. Currently, the domain applications using recognized human gestures of the Leap Motion sensor are used in molecules controlling and learning from Mendeleev table or in visualizing the animated reactions of specific molecules with water. The novelty in the current application consists in using the Leap Motion sensor creating new gestures for the application control and creating a tag based algorithm corresponding to each amino acid, depending on the position in the 3D virtual space of the 4 nucleotides of DNA and their type...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034325/collection-of-viable-aerosolized-influenza-virus-and-other-respiratory-viruses-in-a-student-health-care-center-through-water-based-condensation-growth
#8
Maohua Pan, Tania S Bonny, Julia Loeb, Xiao Jiang, John A Lednicky, Arantzazu Eiguren-Fernandez, Susanne Hering, Z Hugh Fan, Chang-Yu Wu
The dynamics and significance of aerosol transmission of respiratory viruses are still controversial, for the major reasons that virus aerosols are inefficiently collected by commonly used air samplers and that the collected viruses are inactivated by the collection method. Without knowledge of virus viability, infection risk analyses lack accuracy. This pilot study was performed to (i) determine whether infectious (viable) respiratory viruses in aerosols could be collected from air in a real world environment by the vi able v irus a erosol s ampler (VIVAS), (ii) compare and contrast the efficacy of the standard bioaerosol sampler, the BioSampler, with that of the VIVAS for the collection of airborne viruses in a real world environment, and (iii) gain insights for the use of the VIVAS for respiratory virus sampling...
September 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025498/survey-development-to-assess-college-students-perceptions-of-the-campus-environment
#9
Morgan F Sowers, Sarah Colby, Geoffrey W Greene, Mackenzie Pickett, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Melissa D Olfert, Karla Shelnutt, Onikia Brown, Tanya M Horacek, Tandalayo Kidd, Kendra K Kattelmann, Adrienne A White, Wenjun Zhou, Kristin Riggsbee, Wangcheng Yan, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
OBJECTIVE: We developed and tested a College Environmental Perceptions Survey (CEPS) to assess college students' perceptions of the healthfulness of their campus. METHODS: CEPS was developed in 3 stages: questionnaire development, validity testing, and reliability testing. Questionnaire development was based on an extensive literature review and input from an expert panel to establish content validity. Face validity was established with the target population using cognitive interviews with 100 college students...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904645/fitness-of-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-in-the-environment-a-laboratory-activity
#10
Massimiliano Marvasi, Manika Choudhury, Nimisha Binesh Vala, Max Teplitski
In this laboratory experiment, we propose an opportunity for students to broaden their understanding of the ecology of antibiotic-resistant and sensitive waterborne bacteria. Antibiotics can be found in rivers or soil as a consequence of agricultural practices or as a result of human use. Concentrations of antibiotics in the environment may range from a few ng to μg L(-1). Such concentrations can affect the selection and fitness of resistant bacteria. In this laboratory activity, students learn how to set up a fitness experiment by using an isogenic pair of antibiotic-resistant and sensitive bacteria in the presence or absence of selective pressure...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#11
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791811/a-laboratory-study-evaluating-the-ph-of-various-modern-root-canal-filling-materials
#12
Małgorzata Pawińska, Grzegorz Szczurko, Anna Kierklo, Jarosław Sidun
BACKGROUND: Alkaline pH is responsible for antibacterial activity and the stimulation of periapical tissue healing. It neutralizes the acidic environment of inflammatory tissues in the periapical region of the teeth and favors bone repair by activating tissue enzymes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare in vitro the pH of 8 root canal filling materials (sealers and points) -AH Plus Jet (AH), Apexit Plus (AP), Endomethasone N (END), Epiphany (EP), GuttaFlow (GF), gutta-percha (G), Resilon (R), Tubliseal (T)...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789637/perceptions-practices-and-health-seeking-behaviour-constrain-je-aes-interventions-in-high-endemic-district-of-north-india
#13
Sanjay Chaturvedi, Neha Sharma, Manish Kakkar
BACKGROUND: Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) stay as poorly understood phenomena in India. Multiple linkages to determinants such as poverty, socio-economic status, gender, environment, and population distribution, make it a greater developmental issue than just a zoonotic disease. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted to map knowledge, perceptions and practices of community and health systems level stakeholders. Seventeen interviews with utilizers of AES care, care givers from human and veterinary sectors, Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), and pig owners and 4 Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) with farmers, community leaders, and students were conducted in an endemic north Indian district-Kushinagar...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767683/quantifying-kinematic-differences-between-land-and-water-during-squats-split-squats-and-single-leg-squats-in-a-healthy-population
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anna C Severin, Brendan J Burkett, Mark R McKean, Aaron N Wiegand, Mark G L Sayers
Aquatic exercises can be used in clinical and sporting disciplines for both rehabilitation and sports training. However, there is limited knowledge on the influence of water immersion on the kinematics of exercises commonly used in rehabilitation and fitness programs. The aim of this study was to use inertial sensors to quantify differences in kinematics and movement variability of bodyweight squats, split squats, and single-leg squats performed on dry land and whilst immersed to the level of the greater trochanter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764755/-the-university-should-promote-health-but-not-enforce-it-opinions-and-attitudes-about-the-regulation-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-a-university-setting
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Elly Howse, Becky Freeman, Jason H Y Wu, Kieron Rooney
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the opinions and attitudes of a university population regarding the regulation of sugar-sweetened beverages in a university setting, primarily looking at differences in opinion between younger adults (under 30 years of age) and older adults (30 years of age or older). METHODS: An online survey was conducted at an Australian university in April-May 2016 using a convenience sample of students and staff between the ages of 16 and 84 years...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494423/investigating-sources-of-pharmaceutical-pollution-survey-of-over-the-counter-and-prescription-medication-purchasing-use-and-disposal-practices-among-university-students
#17
Christine Vatovec, Emily Van Wagoner, Corey Evans
Pharmaceutical pollution in surface waters poses a range of risks to public health and aquatic ecosystems. Consumers contribute to pharmaceutical pollution via use and disposal of medications, though data on such behaviors is limited. This paper investigates the purchasing, use, and disposal practices among a population that has been researched only minimally to date, yet will determine pharmaceutical pollution for decades to come: young adults represented by a university student population. We employed an online, 21-question survey to examine behaviors related to pharmaceuticals among students at the University of Vermont (n = 358)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476709/spectrophotometric-assessment-of-different-surface-coating-materials-on-conventional-glass-ionomer-cement
#18
Aftab Ahmed Khan, Adel Zia Siddiqui, Jamaluddin Syed, Shafaq Noori, Abdulaziz Abdullah Alkheraif
The purpose of this in vitro study was to analyse the absorbance of dye material in conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) by applying various commercially available surface protecting layers on GIC. 90 disc-shaped specimens were made using brass mold measuring 7mm in diameter and 2mm in thickness. 30 specimens were selected for each week testing having 6 groups (n=5). The groups were: G1 (Control group), G2 (Nail polish coated GIC), G3 (Master bond coated GIC), G4 (Copal varnish coated GIC), G5 (Varnal coated GIC), G6 (Cold mold seal coated GIC)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413165/applying-multi-theory-model-mtm-of-health-behavior-change-to-predict-water-consumption-instead-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#19
Manoj Sharma, Hannah Priest Catalano, Vinayak K Nahar, Vimala C Lingam, Paul Johnson, M Allison Ford
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of college students to not drink enough water and consume sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Consumption of SSBs is associated with weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dental carries, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Hence, the purpose of this study was to use the multi-theory model (MTM) in predicting initiation and sustenance of plain water consumption instead of sugar-sweetened beverages among college students. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#20
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
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