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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409374/self-expandable-metal-stent-placement-versus-emergency-resection-for-malignant-proximal-colon-obstructions
#1
Femke Julie Amelung, Werner Adriaan Draaisma, Esther Catharina Josephina Consten, Peter Derk Siersema, Frank Ter Borg
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, all patients with a malignant obstruction of the proximal colon (MOPC) are treated with emergency resection. However, recent data suggest that Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement could lower mortality and morbidity rates. This study therefore aimed to compare SEMS placement with emergency resection as treatment options for MOPC. METHODS: All consecutive patients that underwent SEMS placement for MOPC in the period 2004-2015 at our institution were identified...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400026/malignant-colonic-obstruction-to-stent-or-not-to-stent
#2
EDITORIAL
Alberto Arezzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392363/stent-as-bridge-to-surgery-for-left-sided-malignant-colonic-obstruction-reduces-adverse-events-and-stoma-rate-compared-with-emergency-surgery-results-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Alberto Arezzo, Roberto Passera, Giacomo Lo Secco, Mauro Verra, Marco Augusto Bonino, Eduardo Targarona, Mario Morino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Twenty years after the first description of the technique, the debate is still open on role of self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement as a bridge to elective surgery for symptomatic left-sided malignant colonic obstruction. The aim was to compare morbidity rates after colonic stenting bridge to surgery (SBTS) versus emergency surgery (ES) for left-sided malignant obstruction. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on SBTS or ES for acute symptomatic malignant left-sided large bowel obstruction...
April 6, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372449/enteral-stent-for-the-treatment-of-a-urinary-fistula-associated-with-a-biological-mesh-following-a-bricker-type-procedure
#4
Raquel Díaz Ruiz, Marta Castillo Pradillo, Óscar Nogales Rincón, Cecilia González Asanza
Postoperative fistula results in increased morbidity and a longer hospital stay. While surgery is the most common treatment, the endoscopic approach is an increasingly used alternative. A 57-year-old woman underwent surgery for colonic adenocarcinoma, which relapsed as peritoneal carcinomatosis and was managed with chemotherapy and surgery, a biological Permacol™ mesh was used for abdominal wall closure.
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367495/long-term-outcomes-of-palliative-colonic-stenting-versus-emergency-surgery-for-acute-proximal-malignant-colonic-obstruction-a-multicenter-trial
#5
Ali Siddiqui, Natalie Cosgrove, Linda H Yan, Daniel Brandt, Raymond Janowski, Ankush Kalra, Tingting Zhan, Todd H Baron, Allesandro Repici, Linda Jo Taylor, Douglas G Adler
Background and study aims Long-term data are limited regarding clinical outcomes of self-expanding metal stents as an alternative for surgery in the treatment of acute proximal MBO. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of stenting to surgery for palliation in patients with incurable obstructive CRC for lesions proximal to the splenic flexure. Patients and methods Retrospective multicenter cohort study of obstructing proximal CRC patients with who underwent insertion of a SEMS (n = 69) or surgery (n = 36) from 1999 to 2014...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365542/a-methodology-for-the-customized-design-of-colonic-stents-based-on-a-parametric-model
#6
S Puértolas, D Navallas, A Herrera, E López, J Millastre, E Ibarz, S Gabarre, J A Puértolas, L Gracia
The choice of necessary stent properties depends mainly on the length of the stenosis and degree of occlusion. So a stent design with variable radial stiffness along its longitudinal axis would be a good option. The design proposed corresponds to a tube-based stent with closed diamond-shaped cells made from a NiTi alloy. By acting independently on different geometric factors, variable geometries can be obtained with different radial force reactions. A design adjustment according to specific requirements, in order to get a better fit to ill-duct and reduces complications, is possible...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340803/evaluation-of-ureteral-stent-colonization-in-live-donor-renal-transplant-recipients
#7
M Sarier, M Demir, I Duman, Y Yuksel, A Demirbas
BACKGROUND: Ureteral stent insertion during kidney transplantation is a matter of debate. Stenting has been proven to reduce the risk of surgical complications. In addition, it has been reported to increase risks such as urinary tract infections especially after operation. Ureteral stent colonization (USC) is known to play a role in the pathogenesis of stent related-infections. The aim of this study was (1) to assess the frequency of USC and values of urine cultures in identifying colonizing bacteria; (2) to assess the importance of indwelling time for USC in live-donor renal transplant recipients; and (3) to evaluate the biomarker role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on USC...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336185/self-expanding-metallic-stent-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-left-colon-cancer-obstruction-cost-benefit-analysis-and-oncologic-results
#8
Blas Flor-Lorente, Gloria Báguena, Matteo Frasson, Alvaro García-Granero, Andrés Cervantes, Vicente Sanchiz, Andres Peña, Alejandro Espí, Pedro Esclapez, Eduardo García-Granero
INTRODUCTION: The use of a self-expanding metallic stent as a bridge to surgery in acute malignant left colonic obstruction has been suggested as an alternative treatment to emergency surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the morbi-mortality, cost-benefit and long-term oncological outcomes of both therapeutic options. METHODS: This is a prospective, comparative, controlled, non-randomized study (2005-2010) performed in a specialized unit. The study included 82 patients with left colon cancer obstruction treated by stent as a bridge to surgery (n=27) or emergency surgery (n=55) operated with local curative intention...
March 20, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325090/using-stents-in-the-management-of-malignant-bowel-obstruction-the-current-situation-and-future-progress
#9
Alessandro Fugazza, Piera Alessia Galtieri, Alessandro Repici
The use of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) has been considered an effective and safe alternative to emergency surgery as bridge to surgery or for palliation in advanced colorectal cancer even though more recent data have raised concerns on both early and long-term outcomes when patients are treated with bridge to surgery indications. Areas covered: A comprehensive literature review of articles on endoscopic management of malignant bowel obstruction was performed. Indication, technique, outcomes, benefits and risks of these treatments in acute malignant colonic obstruction were reviewed...
March 24, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299628/management-of-colon-stents-based-on-bernoulli-s-principle
#10
Yoshiharu Uno
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The colonic self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) has been widely used for "bridge to surgery" and palliative therapy. However, if the spread of SEMS is insufficient, not only can a decompression effect not be obtained but also perforation and obstructive colitis can occur. The mechanism of occurrence of obstructive colitis and perforation was investigated by flow dynamics. METHODS: Bernoulli's principle was applied, assuming that the cause of inflammation and perforation represented the pressure difference in the proximal lumen and stent...
March 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289273/metastatic-colonic-adenocarcinoma-to-the-extrahepatic-common-bile-duct-the-critical-role-of-the-pathologist-and-immunohistochemistry-in-guiding-patient-care-decisions
#11
Kurt J Knowles, Shoujun Chen, Gillermo A Herrera
BACKGROUND Adenocarcinoma of the colon frequently invades adjacent organs, spreads intraperitoneal, and metastasizes to intestinal lymph nodes, lungs, and the liver. Metastasis solely to the extrahepatic bile duct is extremely rare and has only been previously reported on 15 occasions. The accurate determination that an extrahepatic common bile duct lesion is of colonic origin has critical therapeutic implications. CASE REPORT The patient was a 50-year-old male with a history of colon cancer S/P surgical resection in September 2014...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251123/lighted-ureteral-stents-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-five-year-experience
#12
William P Boyan, Daniel Lavy, Anthony Dinallo, Javier Otero, Annelie Roding, Dustin Hanos, Roy Dressner, Michael Arvanitis
BACKGROUND: Ureteral injuries during colorectal surgery are a rare event, ranging in the literature from 0.28-7.6%. Debate surrounds the use of prophylactic lighted ureteral stents to help protect the ureter during laparoscopic surgery. It has been suggested that they help to identify injuries but do not prevent them. The authors look to challenge this. METHODS: Over 66 months, every laparoscopic or colectomy involving ureteral stents was recorded. Researchers documented any injury to the ureter intraoperatively...
February 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207528/idiopathic-retroperitoneal-fibrosis-causing-unilateral-ureteral-and-sigmoid-colon-obstruction-a-case-report
#13
Ting Yan, Yujuan Wang, Zhijun Liu, Xiaolei Zhang, Qian Wu, Mingrong Xi
OBJECTIVE: The present report aimed to present a unique case of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) presenting features of unilateral ureteral and sigmoid colon obstruction. RPF is a rare disorder with unclear etiology. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old female had a 10-day history of lower right abdominal and lumbar pain. Gynecological examination, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT) were all suggestive of right ovarian tumor. An enhanced CT showed right-sided hydronephrosis...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157254/using-our-own-developed-stent-in-the-palliative-treatment-of-obstruction-in-the-left-half-of-the-colon-due-to-ovarian-cancer
#14
Tomasz Miłek, Konrad Pasek, Piotr Ciostek, Habib Alkalaya, Agnieszka Timorek, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski
OBJECTIVES: An assessment of implantation efficacy and safety of self-developed self-expanding stent in patients with an ovarian cancer induced by intestinal obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study of the stenting efficacy and safety was realized prospectively. The group consisted of 13 patients with left half colon obstruction due to an inoperable metastatic ovarian carcinoma. All the patients had a histopathologically diagnosed ovarian carcinoma and were treated in the past both surgically and systemically...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147351/unmet-therapeutic-needs-focus-on-intestinal-fibrosis-surgical-approach-resection-strictureplasty-and-others
#15
REVIEW
Diane Mege, Yves Panis
BACKGROUND: In patients with ileo-colonic Crohn's disease (CD), the main consequence of the development of intestinal fibrosis is the occurrence of a localized symptomatic stenosis for which treatment is mandatory. Besides medical treatment, which is still considered to be ineffective against non-inflammatory fibrotic intestinal stenosis due to CD, there are 2 options for the treatment of such stenosis: endoscopic and surgical approaches. Key Messages: Endoscopic treatment includes balloon dilatation and stenting, and can be performed only on selected patients with very short stenosis...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133331/-a-case-of-malignant-obstruction-of-the-colon-due-to-peritoneal-dissemination-of-gastric-carcinoma-treated-with-colon-stenting-and-colectomy-after-chemotherapy
#16
Takashi Kanazawa, Motoki Ninomiya, Yasuhiro Choda, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Daisuke Satoh, Noriaki Tokumoto, Masao Harano, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Yasutomo Ojima, Hitoshi Idani, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Masazumi Okajima
A man in his 60s underwent gastrectomy to treat gastric carcinoma. Approximately 2.5 years after the surgery, he was admitted to the hospital because of abdominal pain. He was diagnosed with obstruction of the transverse colon due to a colon tumor. A stent was placed to treat the obstruction and avoid oncologic emergency. Biopsy results and imaging showed that the patient did not have colon cancer, but his previous gastric cancer had disseminated peritoneally. Chemotherapy was selected as treatment for recurrent gastric cancer...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133296/-a-case-of-malignant-colonic-obstruction-bearing-another-synchronous-obstructive-lesion-in-the-anal-side-of-the-colon
#17
Minoru Murayama, Osamu Nakashima, Satoko Murakami, Katsuo Yamazaki, Kazuo Koizumi, Asako Shimazaki, Shinichi Asaka, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Hajime Yokomizo, Shunichi Shiozawa, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Takeshi Shimakawa, Takao Katsube, Yoshihiko Naritaka
There are several reasons for failure in the insertion of a self-expandable metallic stent(SEMS)into a malignant colonic obstruction(MCO)including difficulty in insertion of the catheter or guidewire through the stenotic lumen into the oral side or perforation relatedto the technique. Herein, we report a case of MCO bearing another synchronous obstructive lesion in the anal side of the colon that couldhave explainedthe difficulty in the insertion of the SEMS into the stenosis locatedin the oral side, which might have indicated the need for an emergency operation for relieving the obstruction...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133252/-a-case-of-locally-far-advanced-colon-cancer-resected-by-laparoscopic-surgery-after-colonic-stent-insertion-and-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#18
Yasushi Ishii, Yosuke Hirano, Taro Munechika, Keita Tanaka, Yoshihiro Yonemitsu, Masako Nomi, Ryosuke Shibata, Tatsuya Okamoto, Hiroshi Maeno, Jun Yanagisawa, Shunji Kawamoto, Tomoaki Noritomi
We report a case of locally far-advanced colon cancer resected by laparoscopic surgery after colonic stent insertion and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A 71-year-old man with obstructive symptoms was admitted to our hospital in July 2015. CT revealed a sigmoid colon tumor infiltrating the retroperitoneum and small intestine. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a sigmoid colon cancer. Self-expandable metallic stent insertion for obstructive colon cancer alleviated the patient's symptoms quickly. Four courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy(XELOX)reduced the primary tumor in size, allowing for laparoscopic surgical resection...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133169/-a-case-of-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-to-treat-colon-obstruction-due-to-metastatic-gastric-cancer
#19
Jota Mikami, Yutaka Kimura, Yoichi Makari, Genta Sawada, Shin Nakahira, Ken Nakata, Tameyoshi Yamamoto, Masaki Tsujie, Hiroki Ohsato
A66 -year-old woman presented with abdominal pain and nausea. She was diagnosed with wall thickening of the gastric antrum and bowel obstruction caused by tumors of the splenic flexure on computed tomography. Aself -expandable metallic stent(SEMS)was placed in the splenic flexure of the colon 4 days after transanal ileus tube replacement. No complication was observed, and she could ingest a normal diet, permitting her discharge from the hospital 12 days after SEMS placement. She was diagnosed with gastric cancer(Type 4, cT4a[SE], N2, H0, P1, M1[LYM], cStage IV )on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and computed tomography, and administration of S-1 plus oxaliplatin(SOX)was started...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133141/-a-case-of-aortoesophageal-fistula-rupture-due-to-descending-thoracic-aortic-dissection-with-recurrent-colon-cancer-during-chemotherapy-containing-bevacizumab
#20
Takamaru Koda, Junichi Koike, Hiroshi Masuhara, Akiharu Kurihara, Hiroyuki Shiokawa, Mitsunori Ushigome, Tomoaki Kaneko, Takayuki Suzuki, Yuko Sawaguchi, Tomoyuki Katayanagi, Takerou Fujii, Yoshinori Watanabe, Kimihiko Funahashi, Hideaki Shimada, Hironori Kaneko
We report a case of aortoesophageal fistula rupture during the course of chemotherapy following colon cancer resection. The patient was a 77-year-old woman. Following recurrence of cancer of the sigmoid colon, the patient received a course of XELOX plus bevacizumab(Bmab)to treat peritoneal dissemination and lung metastases. She was brought by ambulance to our hospital's emergency department 55 days after the last dose of Bmab, with a chief complaint of hematemesis. Hematolo- gy results showed severe anemia with a hemoglobin level of 4...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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