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Bone bruise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780838/association-of-compartmental-bone-bruise-distribution-with-concomitant-intra-articular-and-extra-articular-injuries-in-acute-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-after-noncontact-sports-trauma
#1
Palaniswamy Aravindh, Tianyi Wu, Chloe Xiaoyun Chan, Keng Lin Wong, Lingaraj Krishna
Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are frequently associated with bone bruises, and their presence may be associated with concomitant intra- and extra-articular injuries. Purpose: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of distribution of bone bruises in patients with acute ACL tears from noncontact sports trauma and their association with specific intra- and extra-articular injuries. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753199/acceptability-of-the-predicting-abusive-head-trauma-predaht-clinical-prediction-tool-a-qualitative-study-with-child-protection-professionals
#2
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
The validated Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool estimates the probability of abusive head trauma (AHT) based on combinations of six clinical features: head/neck bruising; apnea; seizures; rib/long-bone fractures; retinal hemorrhages. We aimed to determine the acceptability of PredAHT to child protection professionals. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 56 participants: clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
May 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668550/pediatric-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-presenting-with-extreme-thrombocytosis-simulating-essential-thrombocythemia
#3
Jessica L Boklan, Alexandra M Walsh, Michelina C de la Maza, Leon L Su, Francisco A Nizzi, Kristian T Schafernak
A 10-year-old boy presented with spontaneous bruising and was found to have extreme thrombocytosis without neutrophilia/shift to immaturity, basophilia or eosinophilia. While the peripheral blood and bone marrow findings initially suggested essential thrombocythemia, BCR-ABL1 translocation was detected and chronic myeloid leukemia, chronic phase, was diagnosed. Apheresis for platelet depletion was performed as a bridge given the delayed effects of medical therapy.
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667852/determination-of-the-position-of-the-knee-at-the-time-of-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-for-male-versus-female-patients-by-an-analysis-of-bone-bruises
#4
Kwadwo A Owusu-Akyaw, Sophia Y Kim, Charles E Spritzer, Amber T Collins, Zoë A Englander, Gangadhar M Utturkar, William E Garrett, Louis E DeFrate
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures is 2 to 4 times higher in female athletes as compared with their male counterparts. As a result, a number of recent studies have addressed the hypothesis that female and male patients sustain ACL injuries via different mechanisms. The efficacy of prevention programs may be improved by a better understanding of whether there are differences in the injury mechanism between sexes. Hypothesis/Purpose: To compare knee positions at the time of a noncontact ACL injury between sexes...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624950/intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-status-among-ever-married-and-cohabiting-zimbabwean-women-an-examination-of-partners-traits
#5
Loren Henderson, Assata Zerai, Rebecca L Morrow
This study examines the connection between intimate partner violence (IPV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus status among married and cohabitating women in Zimbabwe using an African feminist framework. Stata 13.0 was used to analyze data from the 2010-2011 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey, which used a national probability sample of households in the country of Zimbabwe. This study used logistic regression to analyze the 2,830 ever-married or cohabitating women who also answered the violence and spousal traits questionnaire as well as provided blood samples...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526070/sacral-insufficiency-fractures-how-to-classify
#6
Gesa Bakker, Joerg Hattingen, Hartmut Stuetzer, Joerg Isenberg
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of insufficiency fractures of the sacrum in an elder population increases annually. Fractures show very different morphology. We aimed to classify sacral insufficiency fractures according to the position of cortical break and possible need for intervention. METHODS: Between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014, all patients with a proven fracture of the sacrum following a low-energy or an even unnoticed trauma were prospectively registered : 117 females and 13 males...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430236/idiopathic-thrombocytopenia-purpura-masking-hodgkin-disease-a-paraneoplastic-syndrome-or-simply-a-mere-association
#7
Nicholas Poponea, Mohanad Suede, Mohammad Muhsin Chisti
We report a 74-year-old female who presented to the emergency department complaining of bruising and stroke-like symptoms. She underwent a negative stroke work-up but was found to have profoundly low platelets and splenomegaly on examination. An abdominal CT scan was ordered, showing pelvic lymphadenopathy. Lymphoma was suspected. However, subsequent bone marrow and lymph node biopsies showed no evidence of this. She was treated for immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) to no avail while a lymphoma work-up continued...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394924/spousal-age-difference-and-associated-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-nigeria
#8
Ayo Stephen Adebowale
BACKGROUND: The growth in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) cases among couples in Nigeria has been significant in recent years. Victims, which are often females, face numerous health challenges, including early death. I examined the linkages between spousal age differences and IPV in Nigeria. METHOD: The couples recode data section of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health and Survey was used (n = 6765). Intimate partner violence was measured using 13-item questions...
February 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361973/celiac-disease-associated-with-aplastic-anemia-in-a-6-year-old-girl-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Omar Irfan, Sana Mahmood, Heera Nand, Gaffar Billoo
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease may present with hematological abnormalities including long-standing anemia. Both aplastic anemia and celiac disease have a similar underlying autoimmune process but an association between the two is seldom reported. There have only been three pediatric cases reporting this association and this case is the first reported in a female pediatric patient. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of 6-year-old South Asian girl presenting with bruises, petechiae, and recent history of loose stools...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231263/a-prospective-controlled-trial-comparing-xenograft-autogenous-bone-and-collagen-stabilized-xenograft-for-maxillary-sinus-augmentation-complications-patient-reported-outcomes-and-volumetric-analysis
#10
Jamil Alayan, Saso Ivanovski
OBJECTIVE: Compare maxillary sinus augmentation (MSA) using two different materials-anorganic bovine bone mineral (ABBM) + autogenous bone (AB) (control group) vs. collagen-stabilized ABBM (test group) in terms of complications, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and volumetric analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients underwent sinus augmentation (30 control + 30 test group). Intra- and postoperative complications were recorded. PROMs measured the impact of grafting on daily activities, pain and morbidity...
February 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194053/cervical-injuries-in-drowning-cases-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#11
Maroua Boussaid, Mohamed Amin Mesrati, Yosra Mahjoub, Nidhal Haj Salem, Abdelfateh Zakhama, Ali Chadly, Adnen Moussa, Abir Aissaoui
Discovery of bruises in the muscles of the neck and a fracture of the hyoid bone in a body recovered from water makes the diagnosis and the determination of the manner of death difficult.The aims of this work are to report a case of a drowned body with cervical injuries and to highlight the importance of interpreting these findings accurately.A 39-year-old woman was found dead face down in a 6-m deep well with a 3-m water level. She was mentally disturbed and had a history of suicide attempts. In fact, she had previously attempted to jump into that well in an attempt to put an end to her life...
March 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132955/injuries-from-physical-abuse-national-survey-of-children-s-exposure-to-violence-i-iii
#12
Thomas R Simon, Anne Shattuck, Akadia Kacha-Ochana, Corinne F David-Ferdon, Sherry Hamby, Megan Henly, Melissa T Merrick, Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor
INTRODUCTION: Official data sources do not provide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with complete information on physical injury from child abuse. This analysis provides a national estimate of the percentage of children who were injured during their most recent incident of physical abuse. METHODS: Pooled data from three cross-sectional national telephone survey samples (N=13,052 children) included in the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence completed in 2008, 2011, and 2014 were used...
January 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114302/contrecoup-extradural-hematoma-with-coronal-suture-diastasis
#13
Pratap Chandra Nath, Sudhansu Sekhar Mishra, Manmath Kumar Dhir, Rama Chandra Deo, Bikash Ranjan Behera, Sitansu Kumar Rout
Extradural hematoma (EDH) generally occurs in the site of impact, that is, coup injury site. EDH is associated with fracture of skull in many a times due to direct impact. However, EDH in counter coup site is a rare occurrence. Hardly, yet, 12 cases have been reported including this case. Here, we reported a case of a 22-year-old male of contrecoup acute EDH who had sustained head injury due to fall from bike. Physical examination revealed direct impact at the left occipito-parietal region with laceration of scalp and bruise with transient loss of consciousness at the time of injury...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061135/prognostic-factors-for-recovery-following-acute-lateral-ankle-ligament-sprain-a-systematic-review
#14
Jacqueline Yewande Thompson, Christopher Byrne, Mark A Williams, David J Keene, Micheal Maia Schlussel, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: One-third of individuals who sustain an acute lateral ankle ligament sprain suffer significant disability due to pain, functional instability, mechanical instability or recurrent sprain after recovery plateaus at 1 to 5 years post injury. The identification of early prognostic factors associated with poor recovery may provide an opportunity for early-targeted intervention and improve outcome. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of AMED, EMBASE, Psych Info, CINAHL, SportDiscus, PubMed, CENTRAL, PEDro, OpenGrey, abstracts and conference proceedings from inception to September 2016...
October 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028858/approach-to-the-mature-cosmetic-patient-aging-gracefully
#15
Susan Weinkle, Michael Saco
<p>Aging gracefully has taken on a whole new meaning over the past few decades as new aesthetic treatments have been developed and are becoming more sophisticated by the day. The aging process, which is exacerbated by chronic UV exposure, results in dyspigmentation, loss of skin laxity, precancerous and cancerous skin lesions, fat loss and redistribution, and bone resorption. Laser and light devices can be used to treat dyspigmentation, while neuromodulators and soft tissue fillers can be used for rhytides and revolumization...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910815/the-outcome-and-patterns-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-paediatric-population-of-a-developing-country-secondary-to-tv-trolley-tip-over
#16
Muhammad Waqas, Gohar Javed, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Badar Ujjan, Syed A Quadri, Muhammad Zubair Tahir
BACKGROUND: Television (TV) trolley tip-over incidences are common and can cause significant morbidity and mortality in children. This study was aimed at analyzing the pattern and outcomes of head injuries resulting from TV trolley tip-over. METHOD: We conducted a medical chart review of children with TV trolley tip-over head injuries from January 2009 to April 2016. We collected data on demographics, the mechanism of injury, clinical and radiological features of the injury, and outcomes...
2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856482/hyperextension-injuries-of-the-knee-do-patterns-of-bone-bruising-predict-soft-tissue-injury
#17
A M Ali, J K Pillai, V Gulati, C E R Gibbons, B J Roberton
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether patterns of soft tissue injury following knee hyperextension are associated with post-traumatic 'bone bruise' distribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a knee MRI within one year of hyperextension injury were identified at our institution over a 7 year period. MRIs, plain radiographs and clinical details of these patients were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were identified (median time from injury to MRI = 24 days)...
February 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845301/limited-evidence-that-the-presence-of-a-bone-bruise-alone-affects-the-clinical-outcome-of-surgically-reconstructed-anterior-cruciate-ligaments-a-systematic-review
#18
Brian E Walczak, Cody Lukes, Ned Amendola, Warren R Dunn
IMPORTANCE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury can be a devastating injury that without surgery may lead to chronic instability. Although surgical reconstruction recreates the stabilising constraint of the native ACL, postoperative pain and subsequent arthrosis may follow. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this systematic review is to determine whether the presence of a bone bruise following ACL rupture adversely affects the clinical outcomes following surgical reconstruction...
July 2017: Journal of ISAKOS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798774/multiple-osteolytic-lesions-causing-hypercalcemia-a-rare-presentation-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#19
Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Ubaid, Syeda Taliya Rizvi
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is characterized by unchecked proliferation of malignant lymphoblasts which replaces the normal bone marrow culminating in anemia due to red blood cells inadequacy as well as in easy bruising/bleeding secondary to insufficient platelets production. Even the white blood cells which are produced excessively are immature and abnormal. ALL is the most common hematological malignancy in children. Most commonly, patients present with lymphadenopathy, recurrent infections, bleeding, fatigue, and bone pains...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653872/posttraumatic-bone-marrow-lesion-volume-and-knee-pain-within-4-weeks-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeffrey B Driban, Stefan Lohmander, Richard B Frobell
CONTEXT:   After an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, a majority of patients have a traumatic bone marrow lesion (BML, or bone bruise). The clinical relevance of posttraumatic lesions remains unclear. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the cross-sectional associations between traumatic BML volume and self-reported knee pain and symptoms among individuals within 4 weeks of ACL injury. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional exploratory analysis of a randomized clinical trial...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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