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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227702/socioeconomic-status-age-and-heart-rate-variability-in-a-bangladeshi-community
#1
Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Herbert F Jelinek, Mika P Tarvainen, David J Cornforth, Dewan S Alam, Megan Smith, Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Herbert F Jelinek, Mika P Tarvainen, David J Cornforth, Dewan S Alam, Megan Smith, Herbert F Jelinek, David J Cornforth, Megan Smith, Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Dewan S Alam, Mika P Tarvainen
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and either low or high heart rate variability (HRV) at rest has been shown to predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The study investigated the extent HRV features can predict SES. Four hundred and twenty eight people were randomly selected from the commercial districts (high SES) and slum areas (low SES) within Dhaka city. Demographic, clinical, and HRV features were recorded. Of the clinical variables age, waist circumference and diastolic blood pressure (p<;0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223043/socio-economic-status-influences-the-likelihood-of-undergoing-surgical-treatment-for-pancreatic-cancer-in-the-netherlands
#2
Maikel J A M Bakens, Valery E P P Lemmens, Ignace H J T de Hingh
: Surgical resection offers the only prospect of cure in pancreatic cancer patients. The probability of undergoing surgery is determined by several factors. The influence of socio-economic status (SES) on surgical treatment and survival was investigated in the Netherlands, a country with a widely accessible healthcare system. METHODS: Data on all patients with non-metastasised pancreatic cancer between 2005-2013 were analysed in the Eindhoven Cancer Registry (ECR)...
February 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220086/students-wearing-police-uniforms-exhibit-biased-attention-toward-individuals-wearing-hoodies
#3
Ciro Civile, Sukhvinder S Obhi
Police provide an essential public service and they often operate in difficult circumstances, requiring high-speed cognition. Recent incidents involving apparent profiling and aggressive behavior have led to accusations that the police are sometimes biased. Given that previous research has shown a link between clothing and cognition, we investigated the question of whether the police uniform itself might induce a bias in social attention. To address this question, and using a Canadian university student sample, we assessed whether wearing a police uniform biases attention toward black faces compared to white faces, and low-status individuals compared to high-status individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217265/rubella-seromarkers-and-determinants-of-infection-among-tanzanian-children-and-adolescents-in-prevaccination-era-are-we-in-the-right-track
#4
Mariam M Mirambo, Said Aboud, Uwe Groß, Mtebe Majigo, Martha F Mushi, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: The World health organization advocates assessment of the burden of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by seroepidemiological surveys and surveillance programs in all countries without vaccination programs. Due to scarcity of data in developing countries, this study was conducted to assess the seromakers for natural rubella infection in Tanzania during prevaccination era so as to ascertain the gaps for future research and prevention strategies. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September and October 2014...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216137/low-predictive-value-of-histopathological-scoring-system-for-complications-development-in-children-with-crohn-s-disease
#5
Ondrej Fabian, Ondrej Hradsky, Kristyna Potuznikova, Alena Kalfusova, Lenka Krskova, Ludmila Hornofova, Josef Zamecnik, Jiri Bronsky
OBJECTIVES: In pediatric Crohn's disease (PCD), the benefit of microscopy in disease activity assessment and prediction of clinical outcome is, due to the focality and transmurality of the inflammation, disputable. We investigated whether histopathological scoring system predicts complications in pediatric CD and correlates with endoscopical and clinical scores. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on 63 patients. Endoscopy in the time of diagnosis was evaluated using the Simple Endoscopic Score (SES) and histopathology with the Global Histology Activity Score, both in its original version (GHAS) and its modification (modGHAS)...
January 15, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215384/enhance-%C3%A2-fitness-dissemination-and-implementation-2010-2015-a-scoping-review
#6
Miruna G Petrescu-Prahova, Thomas J Eagen, Sarah L Fishleder, Basia Belza
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity has many benefits for older adult physical and mental health. Enhance(®)Fitness (EF) is an evidence-based group exercise program delivered by community-based organizations. The purpose of this study was to review recent evidence on the dissemination and implementation of EF. METHODS: A scoping review of qualitative and quantitative studies with EF as main focus was conducted. CINAHL, PubMed, PubMed Central, SCOPUS, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were searched between October and November 2015 for data-based studies on EF published in 2010-2015...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213780/risk-factors-associated-with-the-triple-negative-breast-cancer-subtype-within-four-race-ethnicities
#7
Carol A Parise, Vincent Caggiano
PURPOSE: The ER-/PR-/HER2- or triple-negative (TNBC) subtype is more prevalent among women who are young, black, Hispanic, and of lower SES. The purpose of this study is to determine if young age and low SES are associated with TNBC within four mutually exclusive race/ethnicities. METHODS: The study identified 19,283 cases of TNBC and 89,089 of ER+/PR+/HER2- from the California Cancer Registry. Logistic regression analyses were conducted separately for whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asian/Pacific Islanders (API) to compute the adjusted odds ratios (OR) for age and SES for the TNBC versus the ER+/PR+/HER2- subtype...
February 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210539/participation-in-preventive-health-check-ups-among-19-351-women-in-germany
#8
Stefanie Schülein, Katherine J Taylor, Dirk Schriefer, Maria Blettner, Stefanie J Klug
In Germany, a biennial preventive health check-up has been available for individuals aged 35 and older since 1989. The check-up includes identification of cardiovascular disease risk factors and examinations for diabetes mellitus type 2 and kidney disease. Participation in preventive health check-ups among 19,351 women aged 35 to 74 in Germany in 2004 was investigated. Logistic regression was performed to examine associations between participation and age, marital status, education, socio-economic status (SES) and region of residence...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207380/turning-the-curve-on-obesity-prevalence-among-fifth-graders-in-the-los-angeles-unified-school-district-2001-2013
#9
Amanda Kamali, Heena Hameed, Margaret Shih, Paul Simon
INTRODUCTION: After multiple decades of increasing childhood obesity prevalence in the United States, findings from recent studies suggest that prevalence has leveled or is decreasing in some populations. However, demographic and socioeconomic disparities in prevalence remain and may be increasing. METHODS: To assess recent trends and disparities in childhood obesity prevalence in Los Angeles County, we analyzed data from 2001 through 2013 in fifth graders in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205153/sociodemographic-disparities-in-cure-intended-treatment-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#11
Jude K A des Bordes, David S Lopez, Michael D Swartz, Robert J Volk
PURPOSE: Disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) morbidity and mortality occur across various populations. We investigated the sociodemographic correlates of treatment and disparities in the application of cure-intended (i.e., radical prostatectomy [RP], radiation therapy [RT]) treatment strategies in localized PCa among Texas residents diagnosed with PCa. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Texas Cancer Registry on men diagnosed with stage T1 or T2 PCa between 2004 and 2009...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199325/breast-cancer-subtype-of-french-women-is-not-influenced-by-socioeconomic-status-a-population-based-study
#12
Aviane Auguste, Marion Cortet, Tienhan Sandrine Dabakuyo-Yonli, Ludivine Launay, Laurent Arnould, Isabelle Desmoulins, Patrick Roignot, Ariane Darut-Jouve, Marie-Laure Poillot, Aurélie Bertaut, Patrick Arveux
CONTEXT: The molecular subtype of breast tumours plays a major role in cancer prognosis and treatment options. Triple negative tumours (TN) carry the worst prognosis and affects most frequently women of low socioeconomic status (SES). Studies have shown that non-biologic factors, such as the socioeconomic status could have an influence on tumour biology. To this date no study has been done investigating this association in French women. The objective is to study the association between the SES and the molecular tumour subtype of breast cancer patients in the French county of Côte d'Or...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192002/moving-up-matters-socioeconomic-mobility-prospectively-predicts-better-physical-health
#13
Jenny M Cundiff, Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Dustin A Pardini, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood confers risk for poor physical health later in life. This study prospectively examines whether improvements in family SES protect youth from developing physical health problems by adulthood and whether such effects differ by race or age. METHOD: Participants are a school-based sample of urban Black (53%) and White (47%) men (N = 311). Using latent growth curve modeling, we prospectively examined whether changes in family SES measured annually between Ages 7 and 16 predicted physical health diagnoses in adulthood (Age 32)...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188994/anxiety-disorder-among-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-insights-from-real-life-data
#14
Abdulla Watad, Nicola L Bragazzi, Mohammad Adawi, Gali Aljadeff, Howard Amital, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen, Daniela Amital
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders occur in a considerable proportion of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), often reflecting the difficulties of these patients in coping with a chronic debilitating disorder. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the proportion of anxiety disorder in RA patients using a large database analysis. METHODS: The study was designed as a case-control population-based study using data from the Clalit Health Services (CHS) database...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185238/income-within-context-relative-income-matters-for-adolescent-social-satisfaction-and-mental-health
#15
Nicole S Sorhagen, Tabitha J Wurster
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that a mismatch between one's own socioeconomic status (SES) and the SES of the surrounding context can lead to maladaptive outcomes, such as increased social stigma and low levels of belongingness (Johnson, Richeson, & Finkel, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 2011, 838; Ostrove, The Journal of Social Issues, 59, 2003, 771). This study examines an adolescent population, as contextual comparisons should be especially salient at this time...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180930/life-course-persistent-and-adolescence-limited-conduct-disorder-in-a-nationally-representative-us-sample-prevalence-predictors-and-outcomes
#16
Ashlee A Moore, Judy L Silberg, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Briana Mezuk
PURPOSE: The course of conduct disorder (CD) is heterogeneous. Moffitt proposed the heuristic of life course persistent (LCP) and adolescence limited (AL) to differentiate etiologically distinct forms of antisocial behavior (AB), each with distinct predictors and consequences, although a few studies have assessed this demarcation within the context of CD. The objective of this study was to apply Moffitt's taxonomy in a nationally representative US sample to investigate the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes of LCP and AL CD...
February 8, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180055/associations-among-physical-activity-screen-time-and-sleep-in-low-socioeconomic-status-urban-girls
#17
Cory J Greever, Matthew Ahmadi, John Sirard, Sofiya Alhassan
Insufficient sleep is associated with higher risk of poor health outcomes in low socioeconomic status (SES) urban elementary age girls. Decreased physical activity (PA) and increased screen time may be associated with poor sleep. This study examined if PA and screen time are associated with sleep in girls from a low SES urban community. Baseline data from 7 to 12 year-old girls (n = 55) from two interventions conducted in Springfield, MA between 2012 and 2015 were used. PA was measured via accelerometry for seven days...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178032/early-life-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-metabolic-health-disparities
#18
Camelia E Hostinar, Kharah M Ross, Edith Chen, Gregory E Miller
OBJECTIVE: A quarter of the world's population suffers from metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS prevalence stratifies by socioeconomic status (SES), such that low SES is associated with higher MetS risk. The present study compared the associations between early-life SES and current SES with MetS. METHODS: Participants (N = 354, ages 15-55, M = 36.5 years, SD = 10.7; 55% female; 72.9% White, 16.9% Asian, 10.2% other) were evaluated for SES and MetS. All were in good health, defined as free of chronic medical illness and acute infectious disease...
February 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169442/social-and-health-related-factors-associated-with-refraining-from-seeking-dental-care-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#19
Erik Berglund, Ragnar Westerling, Per Lytsy
BACKGROUND: Social inequities are considered to affect healthcare utilization, whereas less is known about the factors associated with refraining from seeking dental care. This study aimed to investigate whether people with no social support, long-term illness, caregiver burden and low socioeconomic status (SES) refrained from seeking dental care in higher proportion than the general Swedish population. METHODS: This study used cross-sectional questionnaire data from repeated nationwide health surveys during 2004-2013 of a total of 90 845 people...
February 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161198/the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-family-income-and-measures-of-muscular-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-colombian-schoolchildren
#20
Gavin R H Sandercock, Felipe Lobelo, Jorge E Correa-Bautista, Gustavo Tovar, Daniel Dylan Cohen, Gundi Knies, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and physical fitness in a sample of Colombian youth. STUDY DESIGN: Prueba SER is cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren in Bogota, Colombia. Mass, stature, muscular fitness (standing long-jump, handgrip), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-m shuttle run) were measured in 52 187 schoolchildren 14-16 years of age. Area-level SES was categorized from 1 (very low) to 4 (high) and parent-reported family income was categorized as low, middle, or high...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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