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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920072/associations-between-neighborhood-socioeconomic-environment-and-physical-activity-in-cuban-immigrants
#1
Olivia Affuso, Chelsea R Singleton, Scott C Brown, Tatiana Perrino, Shi Huang, José Szapocznik
Physical inactivity is a major public health concern because it is a determinant of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. Few longitudinal studies have examined the association between neighborhood socioeconomic (SES) environment and change in physical activity behaviors. Additionally, few studies have examined this association in immigrant groups or Hispanic subgroups such as Cubans. This research aimed to determine if neighborhood SES is associated with longitudinal change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among Cuban immigrants who participate in the Cuban Health Study in Miami, Florida...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917500/economic-evaluation-of-childhood-epilepsy-in-a-resource-challenged-setting-a-preliminary-survey
#2
Aliyu Ibrahim, Umar Isa Umar, Umar Musa Usman, Lukman Femi Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Considerable disease variability exists between patients with epilepsy, and the societal costs for epilepsy care are overall high, because of high frequency in the general population especially in children from developing countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study where children with established diagnosis of epilepsy were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Prevalence-based costs were stratified by patients' sociodemographic characteristics and socioeconomic scores (SES)...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917197/adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life-evidence-from-structural-equation-models
#3
Elizabeth C Pino, Karla Damus, Brian Jack, David Henderson, Snezana Milanovic, Bindu Kalesan
BACKGROUND: The complex association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms is not entirely understood and the existing literature does not address the relationship between early-life SES and later-life depression from a life-course perspective, incorporating mediating events. METHODS: Using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we employed structural equation modeling to examine how SES measured at age 18 affects depressive symptoms at age 54 directly and through mediating variables college graduation, marriage, and household income level at age 36...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914157/keeping-minorities-happy-hierarchy-maintenance-and-whites-decreased-support-for-highly-identified-white-politicians
#4
Sora Jun, Brian S Lowery, Lucia Guillory
We test the hypothesis that, to avoid provoking minorities, Whites will withhold their support for White political candidates who are highly identified with their race. In Study 1, we found that White Republicans were less supportive of White candidates the higher the perceived White identity of the candidate due to beliefs that such candidates would provoke racial minorities. In Study 2, we replicated this effect with a manipulation of candidates' White identity. Study 3 found that Whites reported less support for high-identity candidates when they were led to believe that the hierarchy was unstable rather than stable...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914112/socioeconomic-differences-in-childhood-vaccination-in-developed-countries-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#5
Aurélie Bocquier, Jeremy Ward, Jocelyn Raude, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Pierre Verger
Introduction The reasons for vaccine hesitancy and its relation to individual socioeconomic status (SES) must be better understood. Areas covered This review focused on developed countries with programs addressing major financial barriers to vaccination access. We systematically reviewed differences by SES in uptake of publicly funded childhood vaccines and in cognitive determinants (beliefs, attitudes) of parental decisions about vaccinating their children. Using the PRISMA statement to guide this review, we searched three electronic databases from January 2000 through April 2016...
September 15, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913920/dramatic-pretend-play-games-uniquely-improve-emotional-control-in-young-children
#6
Thalia R Goldstein, Matthew D Lerner
Pretense is a naturally occurring, apparently universal activity for typically developing children. Yet its function and effects remain unclear. One theorized possibility is that pretense activities, such as dramatic pretend play games, are a possible causal path to improve children's emotional development. Social and emotional skills, particularly emotional control, are critically important for social development, as well as academic performance and later life success. However, the study of such approaches has been criticized for potential bias and lack of rigor, precluding the ability to make strong causal claims...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911983/does-the-association-between-early-life-growth-and-later-obesity-differ-by-race-ethnicity-or-socioeconomic-status-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sarah B Andrea, Elizabeth R Hooker, Lynne C Messer, Thomas Tandy, Janne Boone-Heinonen
PURPOSE: Rapid growth during infancy predicts higher risk of obesity later in childhood. The association between patterns of early life growth and later obesity may differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status (SES), but prior evidence syntheses do not consider vulnerable subpopulations. METHODS: We systemically reviewed published studies that explored patterns of early life growth (0-24 months of age) as predictors of later obesity (>24 months) that were either conducted in racial/ethnic minority or low-SES study populations or assessed effect modification of this association by race/ethnicity or SES...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911009/contemporaneous-social-environment-and-the-architecture-of-late-life-gene-expression-profiles
#8
Morgan E Levine, Eileen M Crimmins, David R Weir, Steve W Cole
Environmental or social challenges can stimulate a cascade of coordinated physiological changes in stress response systems. Unfortunately, chronic activation of these adaptations under conditions such as low socioeconomic status (SES) can have negative consequences for long-term health. While there is substantial evidence tying low SES to increased disease risk and reduced life expectancy, the underlying biology remains poorly understood. Using pilot data on 120 older adults from the Health and Retirement Study (United States, 2002-2010), we examined the associations between SES and gene expression levels in adulthood, with particular focus on a gene expression program known as the conserved transcriptional response to adversity...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910249/redirecting-public-oral-health-fluoride-varnish-intervention-to-low-socio-economic-status-children-in-alberta
#9
Cynthia Huber, Sylvia Baran, Cindi De Graaff, Marianne Howell, Steve Patterson, Rafael Figueiredo
SETTING: Dental decay is most prevalent among low socio-economic status (SES) groups where cost limits access to dental care. To address inequities in oral health outcomes, Alberta Health Services (AHS) Oral Health Action Plan encompasses a population health approach that redirects fluoride varnish (FV) applications to low SES children. Using low SES measures to establish the eligibility criteria is fundamental to the delivery of FV applications to the target population. INTERVENTION: A series of four FV applications over two years is directed to children age 12-35 months and two applications per year to children in Kindergarten and grades 1 and 2, using low SES measures for eligibility criteria...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900893/associations-of-neighborhood-environmental-attributes-with-walking-in-japan-moderating-effects-of-area-level-socioeconomic-status
#10
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama
Several studies have examined how the associations of built environment attributes with walking behaviors may be moderated by socioeconomic status (SES). Such understanding is important to address socioeconomic inequalities in health through urban design initiatives. However, to date, there is no study examining the moderation effects of SES in the relationships of environmental attributes and walking in non-Western countries. The current study aims to examine associations of environmental attributes with walking behaviors among Japanese adults, and to test whether these associations were moderated by area-level SES...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900028/education-and-health-and-well-being-direct-and-indirect-effects-with-multiple-mediators-and-interactions-with-multiple-imputed-data-in-stata
#11
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh, Birgit Abelsen, Jan Abel Olsen
BACKGROUND: Previous methods for assessing mediation assume no multiplicative interactions. The inverse odds weighting (IOW) approach has been presented as a method that can be used even when interactions exist. The substantive aim of this study was to assess the indirect effect of education on health and well-being via four indicators of adult socioeconomic status (SES): income, management position, occupational hierarchy position and subjective social status. METHODS: 8516 men and women from the Tromsø Study (Norway) were followed for 17 years...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892937/association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-diabetes-mellitus-the-national-socioeconomics-survey-2010-and-2012
#12
Kritkantorn Suwannaphant, Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Nattapong Puttanapong, Jiamjit Saengsuwan, Teerasak Phajan
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is increasing, globally. However, studies on the association between Socioeconomic Status (SES) factors and DM have mostly been conducted in specific areas with rather small sample sizes or not with nationally representative samples. Their results have also been inconclusive regarding whether SES has any influence on DM or not. AIM: To determine the association between SES and DM in Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilized the data from the National socioeconomics survey, a cross-sectional study conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO) in 2010 and 2012...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892433/effects-of-education-and-income-on-treatment-and-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-a-tax-supported-health-care-system-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Lene Sofie Granfeldt Østgård, Mette Nørgaard, Bruno C Medeiros, Lone Smidstrup Friis, Claudia Schoellkopf, Marianne Tang Severinsen, Claus Werenberg Marcher, Jan Maxwell Nørgaard
Purpose Previous US studies have shown that socioeconomic status (SES) affects survival in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, no large study has investigated the association between education or income and clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome in AML. Methods To investigate the effects of education and income in a tax-supported health care system, we conducted a population-based study using individual-level SES and clinical data on all Danish patients with AML (2000 to 2014). We compared treatment intensity, allogeneic transplantation, and response rates by education and income level using logistic regression (odds ratios)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890706/independent-and-combined-effects-of-socioeconomic-status-ses-and-bilingualism-on-children-s-vocabulary-and-verbal-short-term-memory
#14
Natalia Meir, Sharon Armon-Lotem
The current study explores the influence of socioeconomic status (SES) and bilingualism on the linguistic skills and verbal short-term memory of preschool children. In previous studies comparing children of low and mid-high SES, the terms "a child with low-SES" and "a child speaking a minority language" are often interchangeable, not enabling differentiated evaluation of these two variables. The present study controls for this confluence by testing children born and residing in the same country and attending the same kindergartens, with all bilingual children speaking the same heritage language (HL-Russian)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879070/trends-in-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-u-s-adults-by-race-healthcare-coverage-and-ses-before-during-and-after-the-great-recession
#15
Taylor E Wyatt, Vikash Pernenkil, Tomi F Akinyemiju
The aim of this study is examine trends in breast and colorectal cancer screening in the U.S. by race, healthcare coverage, and socio-economic status (SES) before the Great Recession (2003-2005), during the recession (2007-2009), and post-recession/Affordable Care Act (ACA) period (2010 - 2012). Data on a representative sample of U.S. adults was obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Breast and colorectal cancer screening were defined in line with U.S. Preventative Services Task Force guidelines, and survey weighted statistical methods were utilized to analyze trends in cancer screening among 1,858,572 BRFSS participants...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876564/oesophageal-squamous-cell-cancer-in-a-south-african-tertiary-hospital-a-risk-factor-and-presentation-analysis
#16
E Loots, B Sartorius, T E Madiba, C J J Mulder, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: Squamous carcinoma of the oesophagus (SCO) is the most common form of oesophageal cancer in South Africa (SA). Risk factors include male gender, smoking, alcohol consumption and low socio-economic status (SES). This study assessed the risk factors for SCO in KwaZulu-Natal. METHOD: Information on patients managed at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital (IALCH), Durban, South Africa, between 1 October 2013 and 31 December 2014 was retrieved from a prospective database of Oesophageal Cancer (OC)...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876550/maternal-medicaid-recipient-status-and-congenital-malformations-among-new-york-state-live-births-in-2010
#17
Sandra D Richardson, Raina E Josberger
BACKGROUND: Congenital malformations are a leading cause of infant mortality in the United States, and risk for some congenital malformations varies by socioeconomic status (SES). Medicaid provides health insurance for people with low income, and covers approximately half of all live births in the United States. Income level is one aspect of SES. Studies have shown relationships between SES and some congenital malformations. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined associations between maternal Medicaid recipient status and 46 congenital malformations in New York State for birth year 2010...
September 6, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876528/the-links-between-youth-employment-and-educational-attainment-across-racial-groups
#18
NaYoung Hwang, Thurston Domina
Research suggests that the relations between adolescent employment and youth development vary by socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity. However, it is unclear whether the links between paid work and college outcomes vary by either SES or race/ethnicity, or both. Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study, we find that low-intensity work during high school is associated with positive college outcomes for almost all students, whereas the associations between high-intensity work and negative postsecondary outcomes are mostly limited to White students...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869861/dimensions-of-organized-activity-involvement-among-latino-youth-impact-on-well-being
#19
Maria D Guzmán-Rocha, Dorothy L McLeod, Amy M Bohnert
Well-being, including self- and academic perceptions, is a key element of Latino adolescents' experiences. One factor that may be related to well-being among Latino adolescents is organized activity (OA) involvement. Drawing on a risk and resilience framework and utilizing principles of positive youth development, the current study aimed to examine this relation using hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) with nested data from 660 Latino-identified youth in the National Education Longitudinal Study: 88 (NELS:88)...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869090/ses-chronic-kidney-disease-and-race-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Priya Vart, Sander K R van Zon, Ron T Gansevoort, Ute Bültmann, Sijmen A Reijneveld
CONTEXT: The risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the U.S. is higher in individuals with low SES than in those with high SES. However, differences in these risks between African Americans and whites are unclear. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Studies published through August 30, 2016 in Medline and EMBASE were searched. From the seven studies (1,775,267 participants) that met inclusion criteria, association estimates were pooled by race in meta-analysis. The ratio of association estimates and the corresponding 95% CIs for African Americans and whites were also pooled in meta-analysis...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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