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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344932/mothers-early-mind-mindedness-predicts-educational-attainment-in-socially-and-economically-disadvantaged-british-children
#1
Elizabeth Meins, Charles Fernyhough, Luna C M Centifanti
Relations between mothers' mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments) at 8 months (N = 206), and children's educational attainment at ages 7 (n = 158) and 11 (n = 156) were investigated in a British sample. Appropriate mind-related comments were positively correlated with reading and mathematics performance at both ages but only in the low-socioeconomic status (SES) group. Path analyses showed that in the low-SES group, appropriate mind-related comments directly predicted age-11 reading performance, with age-4 verbal ability mediating the relation between appropriate mind-related comments and age-7 reading...
January 18, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339041/factors-influencing-women-s-perceptions-of-shared-decision-making-during-labor-and-delivery-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort-study-of-first-childbirth
#2
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVE: To examine correlates of shared decision making during labor and delivery. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of women who gave birth to their first baby in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011 (N = 3006). We used logistic regression models to examine the association between labor induction and mode of delivery in relation to women's perceptions of shared decision making, and to investigate race/ethnicity and SES as potential moderators. RESULTS: Women who were Black and who did not have a college degree or private insurance were less likely to report high shared decision making, as well as women who underwent labor induction, instrumental vaginal or cesarean delivery...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#3
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332679/socioeconomic-status-in-childhood-predicts-sleep-continuity-in-adult-black-and-white-men
#4
Karen A Matthews, J Richard Jennings, Laisze Lee
OBJECTIVES: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood may be associated with sleep in adulthood. We evaluated the relationships between SES in childhood through adolescence and into adulthood and sleep in midlife men. DESIGN: Prospective assessment of SES in childhood and adulthood. SETTING: Population-based study of 139 Black and 105 White men enrolled since age 7 and evaluated for sleep characteristics at age 32. MEASUREMENTS: Actigraphy and diary measures of sleep duration, continuity, and quality for 1 week...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332628/socioeconomic-factors-in-coronary-artery-disease-results-from-the-spirr-cad-study
#5
Kristina Orth-Gomér, Hans-Christian Deter, Anna-Sophia Grün, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Christian Albus, Alexandra Bosbach, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Joram Ronel, Wolfgang Söllner, Martina de Zwaan, Katja Petrowski, Cora Weber
Low socio-economic status (SES) has been associated with an increased coronary risk in Western countries. All stress experiences are more pronounced in low SES patients with stress emanating from problems with family, job, or money. The SPIRR-CAD study offered an excellent opportunity to examine these risk factors in German speaking mildly and medium depressed patients. In the SPIRR CAD study, a German multi centre randomized clinical trial of 450 male and 120 female coronary patients, we examined the standard and psychosocial risk factor profiles in relation to SES, as assessed by educational level...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330260/race-and-socioeconomic-status-independently-affect-risk-of-major-amputation-in-peripheral-artery-disease
#6
Shipra Arya, Zachary Binney, Anjali Khakharia, Luke P Brewster, Phil Goodney, Rachel Patzer, Jason Hockenberry, Peter W F Wilson
BACKGROUND: Black race has been shown to be a risk factor for amputation in peripheral artery disease (PAD); however, race has been argued to be a marker for socioeconomic status (SES) rather than true disparity. The aim of this study is to study the impact of race and SES on amputation risk in PAD patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with incident PAD in the national Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse were identified from 2003 to 2014 (N=155 647). The exposures were race and SES (measured by median income in residential ZIP codes)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328959/impact-of-individual-and-neighborhood-factors-on-disparities-in-prostate-cancer-survival
#7
Mindy C DeRouen, Clayton W Schupp, Jocelyn Koo, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Salma Shariff-Marco, Myles Cockburn, David O Nelson, Sue A Ingles, Esther M John, Scarlett L Gomez
BACKGROUND: We addressed the hypothesis that individual-level factors act jointly with social and built environment factors to influence overall survival for men with prostate cancer and contribute to racial/ethnic and socioeconomic (SES) survival disparities. METHODS: We analyzed multi-level data, combining (1) individual-level data from the California Collaborative Prostate Cancer Study, a population-based study of non-Hispanic White (NHW), Hispanic, and African American prostate cancer cases (N = 1800) diagnosed from 1997 to 2003, with (2) data on neighborhood SES (nSES) and social and built environment factors from the California Neighborhoods Data System, and (3) data on tumor characteristics, treatment and follow-up through 2009 from the California Cancer Registry...
January 9, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324894/the-obesity-epidemic-and-rising-diabetes-incidence-in-a-low-income-racially-diverse-southern-us-cohort
#8
Baqiyyah N Conway, Xijing Han, Heather M Munro, Amy L Gross, Xiao-Ou Shu, Margaret K Hargreaves, Wei Zheng, Alvin C Powers, William J Blot
BACKGROUND: Obesity is known to be a major risk factor for diabetes, but the magnitude of risk and variation between blacks and whites are less well documented in populations heavily affected by obesity. Herein we assess rates and risks of incident diabetes in a diverse southern population where obesity is common. METHODS: A total of 24,000 black and 14,064 white adults aged 40-79 in the Southern Community Cohort Study with no self-reported diabetes at study enrollment during 2002-2009 was followed for up to 10 (median 4...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322619/randomized-comparison-of-novel-biodegradable-polymer-and-durable-polymer-coated-cobalt-chromium-sirolimus-eluting-stents-three-year-outcomes-of-the-i-love-it-2-trial
#9
Lei Song, Jing Li, Changdong Guan, Quanmin Jing, Shuzheng Lu, Lixia Yang, Kai Xu, Yuejin Yang, Bo Xu, Yaling Han
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the long-term outcomes of the novel biodegradable polymer cobalt-chromium sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES) versus the durable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (DP-SES) in the I-LOVE-IT2 trial. BACKGROUNDS: Comparisons of the long-term safety and efficiency of the BP-DES versus the DP-DES are limited. METHODS: A total of 2,737 patients eligible for coronary stenting were randomized to the BP-SES or DP-SES group at a 2:1 ratio...
January 11, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322199/the-impact-of-socioeconomic-status-on-the-association-between-biomedical-and-psychosocial-well-being-and-all-cause-mortality-in-older-spanish-adults
#10
Joan Doménech-Abella, Jordi Mundó, Maria Victoria Moneta, Jaime Perales, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Marta Miret, Josep Maria Haro, Beatriz Olaya
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to analyze the effect of biomedical and psychosocial well-being, based on distinct successful aging models (SA), on time to mortality, and determine whether this effect was modified by socioeconomic status (SES) in a nationally representative sample of older Spanish adults. METHODS: Data were taken from a 3-year follow-up study with 2783 participants aged 50 or over. Vital status was ascertained using national registers or asking participants' relatives...
January 10, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321397/associations-between-socioeconomic-status-and-the-prevalence-and-treatment-of-hypercholesterolemia-in-a-general-japanese-population-nippon-data2010
#11
Naoko Fujiyoshi, Hisatomi Arima, Atsushi Satoh, Toshiyuki Ojima, Nobuo Nishi, Nagako Okuda, Aya Kadota, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Atsushi Hozawa, Naoki Nakaya, Akira Fujiyoshi, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
AIM: To investigate associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and the prevalence and treatment status of hypercholesterolemia in a general Japanese population. METHODS: In 2010, we established a cohort study of 2417 adults (age 20-91 yr) from 300 randomly selected areas across Japan who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan. We cross-sectionally examined an association between SES and (1) prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in 2417 participants (999 men and 1418 women) and (2) not receiving medication for hypercholesterolemia in 654 participants (215 men and 439 women)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321055/trends-and-correlates-of-overweight-obesity-in-czech-adolescents-in-relation-to-family-socioeconomic-status-over-a-12-year-study-period-2002-2014
#12
Erik Sigmund, Petr Badura, Dagmar Sigmundová, Jaroslava Voráčová, Jiří Zacpal, Michal Kalman, Jan Pavelka, Jana Vokacová, Vladimír Jr Hobza, Zdenek Hamrik
BACKGROUND: This study examined a) trends in overweight/obesity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and screen time (ST) among Czech adolescents over a 12-year study period (2002-2014) in relation to family affluence (FA) and b) correlates of adolescent overweight/obesity from different FA categories. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 18,250 adolescents (51.4% girls) aged 10.5-16.5 years was drawn from the Czech Health Behaviour in School-aged Children questionnaire-based surveys in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318589/bilingualism-narrows-socioeconomic-disparities-in-executive-functions-and-self-regulatory-behaviors-during-early-childhood-evidence-from-the-early-childhood-longitudinal-study
#13
Andree Hartanto, Wei X Toh, Hwajin Yang
Socioeconomic status (SES) and bilingualism have been shown to influence executive functioning during early childhood. Less is known, however, about how the two factors interact within an individual. By analyzing a nationally representative sample of approximately 18,200 children who were tracked from ages 5 to 7 across four waves, both higher SES and bilingualism were found to account for greater performance on the inhibition and shifting aspects of executive functions (EF) and self-regulatory behaviors in classroom...
January 10, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317223/cluster-analysis-of-vulnerable-groups-in-acute-tbi-rehabilitation
#14
Erkut N Kucukboyaci, Coralynn Long, Michelle Smith, Joseph F Rath, Tamara Bushnik
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complex relationship between various social indicators that contribute to socioeconomic status and healthcare barriers. DESIGN: Cluster analysis of historical patient data obtained from inpatient visits. SETTING: Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation unit in a large, urban university hospital PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients receiving acute inpatient care, predominantly for closed head injury. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We examined the membership of TBI patients in various "vulnerable group" (VG) clusters (e...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315272/dietary-patterns-in-european-and-brazilian-adolescents-comparisons-and-associations-with-socioeconomic-factors
#15
Camila Aparecida Borges, Betzabeth Slater, Alba Maria Santaliestra-Pasías, Theodora Mouratidou, Inge Huybrechts, Kurt Widhalm, Frédéric Gottrand, Yannis Manios, David Jimenez-Pavón, Jara Valtueña, Cinzia Le Donne, Ascensión Marcos, Dénes Molnar, Manuel J Castillo, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno
Associations between dietary patterns (DP) and socioeconomic factors have been little explored in adolescents. The aim of this study was to identify DP in European and Brazilian adolescents and to investigate their associations with a range of socioeconomic indicators. Adolescents from the HELENA-study and the Household Budget Survey were analyzed. Factor analysis was used to obtain DP. Linear regression was used to examine the association between DP and SES. In Europeans, the Western DP was associated with low education of the mother, high socioeconomic status (boys), older age (boys), and living in cities of the Northern Europe; in Brazilians, the Western DP was associated with high secondary education of the mother, high socioeconomic status and living in Southern areas of the country...
January 9, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310648/ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-are-related-to-dietary-patterns-at-age-5-in-the-amsterdam-born-children-and-their-development-abcd-cohort
#16
Viyan Rashid, Marielle F Engberink, Manon van Eijsden, Mary Nicolaou, Louise H Dekker, Arnoud P Verhoeff, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: Health inequalities are already present at young age and tend to vary with ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). Diet is a major determinant of overweight, and studying dietary patterns as a whole in relation to overweight rather than single nutrients or foods has been suggested. We derived dietary patterns at age 5 and determined whether ethnicity and SES were both related to these dietary patterns. METHODS: We analysed 2769 validated Food Frequency Questionnaires filled in by mothers of children (5...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304810/socioeconomic-status-can-affect-pregnancy-outcomes-and-complications-even-with-a-universal-healthcare-system
#17
Min Kyoung Kim, Seung Mi Lee, Sung-Hee Bae, Hyun Joo Kim, Nam Gu Lim, Seok-Jun Yoon, Jin Yong Lee, Min-Woo Jo
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, but it remains unclear whether this negative association is attributed to inadequate prenatal care. Korea has been adopting a universal healthcare system. All Korean citizens must be enrolled National Health Insurance (NHI) or be recipient of Medical Aid (MA). In addition, Korean government launched a financial support system for antenatal care for all pregnant women in 2008. Therefore, in theory, there is no financial barrier to receive prenatal cares regardless of someone's social class...
January 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302614/disparities-in-children-s-vocabulary-and-height-in-relation-to-household-wealth-and-parental-schooling-a-longitudinal-study-in-four-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Sarah A Reynolds, Chris Andersen, Jere Behrman, Abhijeet Singh, Aryeh D Stein, Liza Benny, Benjamin T Crookston, Santiago Cueto, Kirk Dearden, Andreas Georgiadis, Sonya Krutikova, Lia C H Fernald
Children from low socio-economic status (SES) households often demonstrate worse growth and developmental outcomes than wealthier children, in part because poor children face a broader range of risk factors. It is difficult to characterize the trajectories of SES disparities in low- and middle-income countries because longitudinal data are infrequently available. We analyze measures of children's linear growth (height) at ages 1, 5, 8 and 12y and receptive language (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) at ages 5, 8 and 12y in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam in relation to household SES, measured by parental schooling or household assets...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297857/trends-in-adolescent-overweight-prevalence-in-italy-according-to-socioeconomic-position
#19
Giacomo Lazzeri, Paola Dalmasso, Paola Berchialla, Alberto Borraccino, Lorena Charrier, Mariano V Giacchi, Rita Simi, Michela Lenzi, Alessio Vieno, Patrizia Lemma, Franco Cavallo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to update the trend in overweight (including obesity) prevalence among Italian adolescents, evaluating possible differences by age and gender, and analyzing their relationships with socioeconomic status, between 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Italian HBSC study at four time points (2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014), which involved 15 035 adolescents, aged 11-13-15 (7540 boys and 7495 girls). RESULTS: Gender and age were associated with the occurrence of overweight...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289939/neighbourhood-socioeconomic-status-and-cross-sectional-associations-with-obesity-and-urinary-biomarkers-of-diet-among-new-york-city-adults-the-heart-follow-up-study
#20
Tali Elfassy, Stella S Yi, Maria M Llabre, Neil Schneiderman, Marc Gellman, Hermes Florez, Guillermo Prado, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and biomarkers of diet (urinary sodium and potassium excretion). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The data reported were from the 2010 Heart Follow-up Study, a population-based representative survey of 1645 adults. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling diverse residents of New York City nested within 128 neighbourhoods (zip codes)...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
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