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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918891/the-socioeconomic-within-gender-gap-in-informal-caregiving-among-middle-aged-women-evidence-from-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#1
Mutsumi Tokunaga, Hideki Hashimoto
Caregiving to older people with needs has been mainly dependent on informal care provision by female caregivers. Compared with the care burden gender gap, the within-gender gap in women's socioeconomic status (SES) has attracted less policy attention. We investigated the association between middle-aged women's SES and the likelihood of being a primary caregiver for elderly informal care, focusing on household income, women's marital status, work status, and educational background under the universal and public system of formal long-term care provision in Japan...
November 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916618/perceived-discrimination-associated-with-asthma-and-related-outcomes-in-minority-youth-the-gala-ii-and-sage-ii-studies
#2
Neeta Thakur, Nicolas E Barcelo, Luisa N Borrell, Smriti Singh, Celeste Eng, Adam Davis, Kelley Meade, Michael A LeNoir, Pedro C Avila, Harold J Farber, Denise Serebrisky, Emerita Brigino-Buenaventura, William Rodriguez-Cintron, Shannon Thyne, Jose R Rodriguez-Santana, Saunak Sen, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Esteban Gonzalez Burchard
BACKGROUND: Asthma disproportionately affects minority populations and is associated with psychosocial stress, such as racial/ethnic discrimination. We aim to examine the association of perceived discrimination with having asthma and poor asthma control in African American and Latino youth. METHODS: We included African American (n=954), Mexican American (n=1086), other Latino (n=522), and Puerto Rican Islander (n=1025) youth (aged 8 to 21 years old) from the GALA II and SAGE II studies...
December 1, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913689/how-is-low-parental-socioeconomic-status-associated-with-future-smoking-and-nicotine-dependence-in-offspring-a-population-based-longitudinal-13-year-follow-up
#3
Willy Pedersen, Tilmann Von Soest
AIMS: Low socioeconomic status (SES) characterizes smoking and nicotine dependence in adult samples. However, less is known about how parental SES is linked to smoking in offspring and the potential mechanisms at work. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study (n=1380) from Norway was used. Participants were followed from their mid-teens until their late 20s using survey and register data. Data were collected on parental education, parental smoking, educational aspirations and expectations, school grades and school-related conduct problems...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909690/intellectual-functioning-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects-treated-with-surgery-or-by-catheter-interventions
#4
Carmen Ryberg, Jan Sunnegårdh, Maria Thorson, Malin Broberg
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that children with congenital heart defects (CHD) are at risk for adverse intellectual functioning. However, factors related to lower intellectual functioning in this group are largely unknown. This study describes intellectual functioning in children with CHD in relation to severity of the heart defect, the child's age, and the socioeconomic status of the family (SES). METHODS: Two hundred twenty-eight children treated with surgery or by catheter technique were tested using the Wechsler intelligence scales to determine full scale IQ (FSIQ)...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902760/socio-economic-inequality-of-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-bangladesh
#5
Tuhin Biswas, Md Saimul Islam, Natalie Linton, Lal B Rawal
INTRODUCTION: Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a major public health challenge, and undermine social and economic development in much of the developing world, including Bangladesh. Epidemiologic evidence on the socioeconomic status (SES)-related pattern of NCDs remains limited in Bangladesh. This study assessed the relationship between three chronic NCDs and SES among the Bangladeshi population, paying particular attention to the differences between urban and rural areas. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were used for this study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898255/lgbt-identity-untreated-depression-and-unmet-need-for-mental-health-services-by-sexual-minority-women-and-trans-identified-people
#6
Leah S Steele, Andrea Daley, Deone Curling, Margaret F Gibson, Datejie C Green, Charmaine C Williams, Lori E Ross
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that transgender, lesbian, and bisexual people report poorer mental health relative to heterosexuals. However, available research provides little information about mental health service access among the highest need groups within these communities: bisexual women and transgender people. This study compared past year unmet need for mental health care and untreated depression between four groups: heterosexual cisgender (i.e., not transgender) women, cisgender lesbians, cisgender bisexual women, and transgender people...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897438/the-relationship-between-cognitive-ability-and-experiences-of-vaginal-oral-and-anal-sex-in-the-united-states
#7
Nicole Fran Kahn, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
Few studies have investigated the sexual development of populations with low cognitive abilities in the United States. This article examines the relationship between cognitive ability and various sexual experiences from adolescence (ages 12 to 18) to early adulthood (ages 28 to 34). Data were from 13,845 respondents interviewed at Waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a probability sample of adolescents in the United States followed from adolescence to adulthood...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895603/neighborhood-deprivation-negatively-impacts-children-s-prosocial-behavior
#8
Lou Safra, Teodora Tecu, Stéphane Lambert, Mark Sheskin, Nicolas Baumard, Coralie Chevallier
Children show stronger cooperative behavior in experimental settings as they get older, but little is known about how the environment of a child shapes this development. In adults, prosocial behavior toward strangers is markedly decreased in low socio-economic status (SES) neighborhoods, suggesting that environmental harshness has a negative impact on some prosocial behaviors. Similar results have been obtained with 9-year-olds recruited from low vs. high SES schools. In the current study, we investigate whether these findings generalize to a younger age group and a developing country...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888954/the-effect-of-internalized-stigma-on-the-self-esteem-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Sibel Asi Karakaş, Ayşe Okanlı, Emine Yılmaz
AIM: This study has been conducted to determine the relationship between internalized stigma and self-esteem in patients with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using 60 patients with schizophrenia who were diagnosed as schizophrenic according to the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria in the psychiatric clinics of hospitals in Erzurum. The data were collected using the "Questionnaire on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale" (ISMI) that determines the socio-demographic characteristics of patients, and the "Short Form of Self-Esteem Scale" (SF-SES)...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885311/mediating-pathways-in-the-socio-economic-gradient-of-child-development-evidence-from-children-6-42-months-in-bogota
#10
Marta Rubio-Codina, Orazio Attanasio, Sally Grantham-McGregor
Research has previously shown a gap of near 0.5 of a standard deviation (SD) in cognition and language development between the top and bottom household wealth quartile in children aged 6-42 months in a large representative sample of low- and middle-income families in Bogota, using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. The gaps in fine motor and socio-emotional development were about half that size. Developmental deficits increased with age. The current study explored the associations amongst child development, household socio-economic status (SES), and a set of potential mediating variables-parental characteristics, child biomedical factors, and the quality of the home environment-in this sample...
November 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885169/children-s-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-at-home-before-and-after-smoke-free-legislation-in-taiwan
#11
Ying-Ting Wang, Yi-Wen Tsai, Tzu-I Tsai, Po-Yin Chang
INTRODUCTION: In January 2009, Taiwan broadened smoke-free legislation, requiring mass transportation systems, indoor public areas and indoor workplaces with 3 or more people, to become smoke-free. We investigated the secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home for children aged 3-11 years in Taiwan before and after the implantation of the legislation. METHODS: We studied 7911 children from the 2005, 2009 and 2013 National Health Interview Surveys (cross-sectional, nationally representative household surveys)...
November 24, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884184/dietary-patterns-of-early-childhood-and-maternal-socioeconomic-status-in-a-unique-prospective-sample-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation
#12
Brandon H Hidaka, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Debra K Sullivan, John Colombo, Susan E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child's growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations. METHODS: The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881528/life-course-socioeconomic-status-and-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-analysis-of-the-who-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#13
Tomi Akinyemiju, Kemi Ogunsina, Swati Sakhuja, Valentine Ogbhodo, Dejana Braithwaite
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic differences in screening have been well documented in upper-income countries; however, few studies have examined socioeconomic status (SES) over the life-course in relation to cancer screening in lower-income and middle-income countries. Here, we examine individual, parental and life-course SES differences in breast and cervical cancer screening among women in India, China, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. SETTING: Data from the WHO's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) 2007-2008 data were used for survey-weighted multivariable regression analysis...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871271/assessing-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-encounter-decision-aids-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-targeted-at-underserved-patients
#14
Shama Alam, Glyn Elwyn, Sanja Percac-Lima, Stuart Grande, Marie-Anne Durand
BACKGROUND: Women of low socioeconomic status (SES) diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are less likely to be involved in treatment decisions. They tend to report higher decisional regret and poorer communication. Evidence suggests that well-designed encounter decision aids (DAs) could improve outcomes and potentially reduce healthcare disparities. Our goal was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of encounter decision aids (Option Grid, Comic Option Grid, and Picture Option Grid) adapted for a low-SES and low-literacy population...
November 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867518/analyzing-heterogeneity-in-the-effects-of-physical-activity-in-children-on-social-network-structure-and-peer-selection-dynamics
#15
Teague Henry, Sabina B Gesell, Edward H Ip
BACKGROUND: Social networks influence children and adolescents' physical activity. The focus of this paper is to examine the differences in the effects of physical activity on friendship selection, with eye to the implications on physical activity interventions for young children. Network interventions to increase physical activity are warranted but have not been conducted. Prior to implementing a network intervention in the field, it is important to understand potential heterogeneities in the effects that activity level have on network structure...
September 2016: Network Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865747/impact-of-neighbourhood-socio-economic-status-on-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-paris
#16
Benjamin Dahan, Patricia Jabre, Nicole Karam, Renaud Misslin, Muriel Tafflet, Wulfran Bougouin, Daniel Jost, Frankie Beganton, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven
BACKGROUND: No European data currently describe the relation between neighbourhood socio-economic status (SES) and rates of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aims to analyse this effect with a robust deprivation index. METHODS: Data about all OHCA in Paris were collected prospectively between 2000 and 2010. A geographical neighbourhood unit was assigned to each case. Median household income, and rates of blue-collar workers, unemployment, and adults without high school diplomas were selected as SES characteristics and used to classify neighbourhoods as low SES or higher SES...
November 16, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864356/the-social-gradient-of-sleep-in-adolescence-results-from-the-youth-hordaland-survey
#17
Mari Hysing, Keith J Petrie, Tormod Bøe, Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen
BACKGROUND: A social gradient of sleep problems has been demonstrated in both children and adults, but our knowledge about possible social determinants of adolescent sleep problems remains limited. METHODS: A large population-based study in Norway surveyed 10 220 adolescents aged 16-19 years in 2012. Multiple socioeconomic status (SES) indicators and assessment of sleep, including DSM-5 insomnia, sleep duration, weekend-weekdays differences, as well as sleep deficit and delayed sleep phase were included...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862317/impact-of-insurance-status-on-heart-transplant-waitlist-mortality-for-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices
#18
Sitaramesh Emani, Dmitry Tumin, Randi E Foraker, Don Hayes, Sakima A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypotheses that receipt of Medicaid or Medicare (versus private insurance or self-pay) and low socioeconomic status (SES) leads to increased mortality and lower chances of transplantation among heart transplant (HTx) candidates with Bridge to Transplant Left Ventricular Assist Devices (BTT LVAD). BACKGROUND: Survival while awaiting HTx has improved with the use of BTT LVADs. However, it is unknown if benefits extend uniformly across patient groups based on insurance status...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855292/the-current-prevalence-and-regional-disparities-in-general-and-central-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#19
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Zhao-Xia Wang, Jin-Shan Zhao, Zun-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has increased dramatically during the past decades, both in developing and developed countries. The present study examined the prevalence and regional disparities in general and central obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. METHODS: A total of 30,459 students (15,249 boys and 15,210 girls) aged 7-18years participated in the study. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) of all subjects were measured, body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847388/30-year-trends-in-overweight-obesity-and-waist-to-height-ratio-by-socioeconomic-status-in-australian-children-1985-to-2015
#20
L L Hardy, S Mihrshahi, J Gale, B A Drayton, A Bauman, J Mitchell
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To report 30-year (1985-2015) prevalence trends in overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among children by school level and socioeconomic status (SES). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Five cross-sectional, population child surveys (age 4-18 years; n=27 808) conducted in 1985-1997-2004-2010-2015 in New South Wales, Australia. Outcomes were prevalence of measured overweight, obesity, and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR⩾0.5) by sex, school level (children [primary] and adolescents [high]) and SES tertile...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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