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Cory J Counts, Fiona C Grubin, Neha A John-Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood associates with poor sleep quality in adulthood. Separately, childhood family environments shape health into adulthood. Here, we investigated whether these early life factors independently or interactively inform global sleep quality in college students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: College students at a state university (N = 391). MEASUREMENTS: As a measure of childhood SES, we asked participants to consider their families' socioeconomic standing relative to the rest of the society during their childhood...
June 2018: Sleep Health
John B Bartholomew, Esbelle M Jowers, Gregory Roberts, Anna-Mária Fall, Vanessa L Errisuriz, Sharon Vaughn
Purpose: Given the need to find more opportunities for physical activity within the elementary school day, this study was designed to asses the impact of I-CAN!, active lessons on: 1) student physical activity (PA) outcomes via accelerometry; and 2) socioeconomic status (SES), race, sex, body mass index (BMI), or fitness as moderators of this impact. Methods: Participants were 2,493 fourth grade students (45.9% male, 45.8% white, 21.7% low SES) from 28 central Texas elementary schools randomly assigned to intervention (n=19) or control (n=9)...
January 2018: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Nattapong Puttanapong, Atthawit Singsalasang
Spatial pattern detection can be a useful tool for understanding the geographical distribution of hypertension (HT). The aim of this study was to apply the technique of local indicators of spatial association statistics to examine the spatial patterns of HT in the 76 provinces of Thailand. Previous studies have demonstrated that socioeconomic status (SES), economic growth, population density and urbanization have effects on the occurrence of disease. Research has suggested that night-time light (NTL) can be used as a proxy for a number of variables, including urbanization, density, economic growth and SES...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
Cecilia Potente, Christiaan Monden
The role of socio-economic status (SES) in the last years of life is an under-researched aspect of health inequalities. This study examines disability patterns preceding death using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We use repeated measures latent class analysis to identify the most common pathways preceding death in terms of walking ability and limitations in activities of daily living. Three pathways emerge: one characterized by consistently low disability; a second by a constant high level of functional limitations; and a third by medium impairment...
May 17, 2018: Population Studies
Yuko Kachi, Takeo Fujiwara, Yui Yamaoka, Tsuguhiko Kato
Background: Previous studies in the UK and Denmark found no significant association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and weight faltering. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies from other developed countries. We examined the association between parental SES and weight faltering in infants up to 1.5 years of age, and investigated whether the inequalities changed between 2001 and 2010 in Japan. Methods: We used data from two Japanese population-based birth cohorts started in 2001 ( n = 34,594) and 2010 ( n = 21,189)...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Tutul Chakravarti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of socioeconomic status (SES) with severity of glaucoma and assess the impacts of both SES and disease-severity factors on the costs of glaucoma medications among different glaucoma subtypes in West Bengal, India. METHODS: This cross-sectional study (2014-16) followed the treatment of 304 primary glaucoma patients for at least 18 months. The visual field based glaucoma staging was followed for stages 0-3; patients with field of vision <10° were categorized as stage 4 (end stage)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Cindy George, Juliet Evans, Lisa K Micklesfield, Tommy Olsson, Julia H Goedecke
Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is associated with metabolic risk, however it is unclear whether the relationship is confounded by racial/ethnic differences in socioeconomic status (SES), lifestyle factors or central adiposity. The aims of the study was, (1) to investigate whether hsCRP levels differ by race/ethnicity; (2) to examine the race/ethnic-specific associations between hsCRP, HOMA-IR and serum lipids [total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C)]; and (3) to determine whether race/ethnic-specific associations are explained by SES, lifestyle factors or waist circumference (WC)...
2018: BMC Obesity
Eric S Coker, Robert Gunier, Karen Huen, Nina Holland, Brenda Eskenazi
Background: Maternal social environmental stressors during pregnancy are associated with adverse birth and child developmental outcomes, and epigenetics has been proposed as a possible mechanism for such relationships. Methods: In a Mexican-American birth cohort of 241 maternal-infant pairs, cord blood samples were measured for repeat element DNA methylation ( LINE-1 and Alu ). Linear mixed effects regression was used to model associations between indicators of the social environment (low household income and education, neighborhood-level characteristics) and repeat element methylation...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
William M Schultz, Heval M Kelli, John C Lisko, Tina Varghese, Jia Shen, Pratik Sandesara, Arshed A Quyyumi, Herman A Taylor, Martha Gulati, John G Harold, Jennifer H Mieres, Keith C Ferdinand, George A Mensah, Laurence S Sperling
Socioeconomic status (SES) has a measurable and significant effect on cardiovascular health. Biological, behavioral, and psychosocial risk factors prevalent in disadvantaged individuals accentuate the link between SES and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Four measures have been consistently associated with CVD in high-income countries: income level, educational attainment, employment status, and neighborhood socioeconomic factors. In addition, disparities based on sex have been shown in several studies. Interventions targeting patients with low SES have predominantly focused on modification of traditional CVD risk factors...
May 15, 2018: Circulation
Peter Nikken, Suzanna J Opree
Previous research about parents' mediation of their young children's (digital) media use has predominantly focused on the different types, determinants, and effectiveness of parental mediation strategies. Although research on parents' perceived mediation concerns and competences is scarce, it is known that, compared to mothers and high-educated parents, fathers and low-educated parents experience greater insecurity (i.e., higher concern and lower competence) when applying media mediation. Based on Bourdieu's theory of social capital it may be expected that-in addition to educational level-marital status and family income predict parents' perceived mediation concerns and competences: Family demographics may predict parents' media proficiency and adoption of new media technologies and these media ecological factors may, in turn, affect perceived concerns and competences...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Yang Hyun Kim, Kyungdo Han, David Vu, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Sang Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with systemic disease and influences oral and general health. Several studies have found inequalities associated with oral health and SES. We examined the relationship between tooth loss and SES in Korean adults using data from the 2012-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Methods: A total of 7,005 participants were included in this study. Subjects were divided into two groups depending on their total number of natural teeth: <20 and ≥20...
2018: PloS One
Kristin Manz, Gert B M Mensink, Susanne Jordan, Anja Schienkiewitz, Susanne Krug, Jonas D Finger
OBJECTIVES: To investigate individual, interpersonal and environmental baseline factors predicting regular aerobic physical activity (PA) participation among older adults in Germany at follow-up 12 years later. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Cluster-randomised general population sample selected based on population registry address information from 130 nationally distributed sample points collected from 1997 to 1999 and re-evaluated 12 years later from 2008 to 2011...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Danielle S Roubinov, Melissa J Hagan, W Thomas Boyce, Nancy E Adler, Nicole R Bush
OBJECTIVE: Children from families with lower socioeconomic status (SES) evidence greater physiological dysregulation and poorer health. Despite recognition of environmental contributors, little is known about the influence of neighborhood characteristics. The present study examined the moderating role of community-level risks and resources on the relation of family SES to children's daily cortisol output and physical health during the kindergarten year. METHODS: In fall and spring of kindergarten, children's (n = 338) daily total cortisol was measured and parents and teachers rated children's global physical health...
May 7, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Tabashir Z Nobari, Shannon E Whaley, Michael L Prelip, Catherine M Crespi, May C Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence among low-income preschool-aged children in the United States decreased between 2010 and 2014. However, this decreasing trend may be varied across socioeconomic subgroups. This study examined trends in obesity prevalence among low-income children from 2003 to 2014 by child's age and household and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: This study used administrative data for all children, aged 2-4 years, participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Los Angeles County (LAC) during the years 2003-2014...
May 9, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Junya Zhai, Hongmei Xue, Jiao Luo, Lishi Zhang, Guo Cheng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Income inequality in China has risen steadily over the past decades. This study explored the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and overweight among urban children aged 7-12 years in Chengdu, a comparatively prosperous metropolis city located in "the West China", the backward, less developed region of China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 among urban children aged 7-12 years old in Chengdu city...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
S Tribius, M S Meyer, C Pflug, H Hanken, C-J Busch, A Krüll, C Petersen, C Bergelt
PURPOSE: Socioeconomic aspects play an important role in health care. Patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer (LAHNC) experience detrimental effects on their quality of life (QoL). This prospective study examines QoL differences between patients with different socioeconomic status (SES) after intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 161 patients were questioned at the end of IMRT and at 12 and 24 months follow-up using the questionnaires of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-30 and QLQ-HN35...
May 7, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Mary McCauley, Barbara Madaj, Sarah A White, Fiona Dickinson, Sarah Bar-Zev, Mamuda Aminu, Pamela Godia, Pratima Mittal, Shamsa Zafar, Nynke van den Broek
Introduction: For every woman who dies during pregnancy and childbirth, many more suffer ill-health, the burden of which is highest in low-resource settings. We sought to assess the extent and types of maternal morbidity. Methods: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study at primary-level and secondary-level healthcare facilities in India, Pakistan, Kenya and Malawi to assess physical, psychological and social morbidity during and after pregnancy. Sociodemographic factors, education, socioeconomic status (SES), quality of life, satisfaction with health, reported symptoms, clinical examination and laboratory investigations were assessed...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Aliyah Gauri, Sarah E Messiah, Layla A Bouzoubaa, Kevin J Moore, Tulay Koru-Sengul
OBJECTIVE: Florida has one of the highest cervical cancer mortality rates and socioeconomically diverse populations in the United States. We used statewide population-based cancer registry data to assess disparities in cervical cancer stage at diagnosis. DESIGN: Primary invasive adult female cervical cancer patients in the Florida Cancer Data Registry (1981-2013) were linked with 2000 United States Census data. Early (localized) and advanced (regional and distant) stage at diagnosis was assessed by age, race, ethnicity, neighborhood socioeconomic-, marital-, and smoking- status...
May 5, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Mario Torralba, Nora Fagerholm, Tibor Hartel, Gerardo Moreno, Tobias Plieninger
Wood-pastures are complex social-ecological systems (SES), which are the product of long-term interaction between society and its surrounding landscape. Traditionally characterized by multifunctional low-intensity management that enhanced a wide range of ecosystem services (ES), current farm management has shifted toward more intensive farm models. This study assesses the supply of ES in four study areas dominated by managed wood-pastures in Spain, Sweden, and Romania. On the basis of 144 farm surveys and the use of multivariate techniques, we characterize farm management and structure in the study areas and identify the trade-offs in ES supply associated with this management...
May 2018: Science Advances
Boram Lee, Dong-Chul Seo
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the socioeconomic disparities in health risk behavior clusterings among Korean adolescents and to assess the mediating role of stress on this association. METHOD: We analyzed the 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally representative sample of Korean middle and high school students aged 12-18 years (N = 68,043). The co-occurrence of multiple health risk behaviors (i.e., cigarette smoking, drinking, and unprotected sex) was used to operationalize health risk behavior clusterings that ranged from zero to three...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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