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Tuomas P Kilpeläinen, Kirsi Talala, Jani Raitanen, Kimmo Taari, Paula Kujala, Teuvo L J Tammela, Anssi Auvinen
Prostate cancer (PC) screening remains controversial. We investigated whether screening reduces the difference in prostate cancer risk by socioeconomic status (SES). In 1996-2011, a total of 72,139 men from the Finnish Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer were analyzed. Outcome measures were PC incidence, mortality, and participation in screening. SES indicators were educational level, income, and home ownership status (data obtained from the Statistics Finland registry). The mean duration of follow-up was 12...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Roland J Jr Thorpe, Eleanor Simonsick, Alan Zonderman, Michelle K Evans
BACKGROUND: Poor grip strength is an indicator of frailty and a precursor to functional limitations. Although poor grip strength is more prevalent in older disabled African American women, little is known about the association between race and poverty-related disparities and grip strength in middle-aged men and women. METHODS: We examined the cross-sectional relationship between race, socioeconomic status as assessed by household income, and hand grip strength in men and women in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Rajendra Kumar Jain, Padmanabha Chakravarthi, Rajan Shetty, Padmakumar Ramchandra, Raghava Sarma Polavarapu, Gurupreet Singh Wander, Bishav Mohan, Darshan Navinchandra Banker, Aniruddha Dharmadhikari, Shyam Sundar Bansal, Neeraj Jain, Dharmesh Solanki, Jagdish Dhakaan, Ved Prakash Sharma, Padhinhare P Mohanan, Parayaru Kottayal Ashokan, Bagur Venkat Manjunath, Narendra Hiregoudar, Chandrashekar Patil, Narasimha Balakrishnan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the merit-3 study was to determine the safety and performance of the BioMime Sirolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System (SES) in all-comer patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in one-year clinical follow-up period. METHODS: The meriT-3 was a multi-centre, observational, post-marketing study conducted in 1161 patients with CAD who were implanted with BioMime SES at 15 sites in India. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac event (MACE) at one year defined as the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target lesion revascularization (TLR)...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Samuele Zilioli, Ledina Imami, Richard B Slatcher
Social class is a robust predictor of health, with risk for disease and mortality increasing towards the lower end of the socioeconomic (SES) spectrum. While certain psychological characteristics, such as high sense of control, can protect low-SES individuals from adverse health outcomes, very few studies have investigated the biological mechanisms underlying these relationships. In this study, we tested whether sense of control mitigated the associations between SES and cortisol activity, and SES and physical health in daily life (i...
October 6, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Jason M Beneciuk, Jonathan C Hill, Paul Campbell, Ebenezer Afolabi, Steven Z George, Kate M Dunn, Nadine E Foster
: Identification of patient characteristics influencing treatment outcomes is a top low back pain (LBP) research priority. Results from the STarT Back Trial support the effectiveness of prognostic stratified care for LBP compared to current best care, however patient characteristics associated with treatment response have not yet been explored. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to identify treatment-effect modifiers within the STarT Back Trial at 4 months follow-up (n=688). Treatment response was dichotomized using back-specific physical disability measured by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (≥7)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Diep H Ha, Loc G Do, Liana Luzzi, Gloria C Mejia, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: Dental diseases have shown to be influenced by area-level socioeconomic status. This study aims to assess the effects of change in area-level SES on the oral health of Australian Indigenous children. METHODS: Data were collected from a national surveillance survey for children's dental health at two points of time (2000-2002/2007-2010). The study examines caries experienced by area-level SES and whether changes in area-level SES (stable-high, upwardly-mobile, downwardly-mobile and stable low) affects caries experience...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
J L Carneiro, I M Caldas, A Afonso, H F V Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: The impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on tooth mineralization has seldom been evaluated. This is important because SES can be used as a proxy for quantifying factors in the environmental that can impact mineralization but that can be difficult to measure directly, such as nutrition. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of SES on third molar mineralization, using a sample of children, adolescents and young adults from Porto, Portugal...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Aislinne Freeman, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ai Koyanagi, Somnath Chatterji, Matilde Leonardi, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Seppo Koskinen, Christine Rummel-Kluge, Josep Maria Haro
BACKGROUND: Low socio-economic status (SES) has been found to be associated with a higher prevalence of depression. However, studies that have investigated this association have been limited in their national scope, have analyzed different components of SES separately, and have not used standardized definitions or measurements across populations. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association between SES and depression across three European countries that represent different regions across Europe, using standardized procedures and measurements and a composite score for SES...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Yuesong Pan, Ruoling Chen, Zixiao Li, Hao Li, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Chunxue Wang, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The association of socioeconomic status (SES) with quality of stroke care is not well understood, and few studies have examined the association with different indicators of SES simultaneously. We assessed the impacts of low levels of education, occupation, and income on the quality of stroke care. METHODS: We examined data from the China National Stroke Registry recording consecutive stroke patients between September 2007 and August 2008...
October 6, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Kevin J Clerkin, Arthur Reshad Garan, Brian Wayda, Raymond C Givens, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Shunichi Nakagawa, Koji Takeda, Hiroo Takayama, Yoshifumi Naka, Donna M Mancini, Paolo C Colombo, Veli K Topkara
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) is a known risk factor for heart failure, mortality among those with heart failure, and poor post heart transplant (HT) outcomes. This study sought to determine whether SES is associated with decreased waitlist survival while on left ventricular assist device (LVADs) support and after HT. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 3361 adult patients bridged to primary HT with an LVAD between May 2004 and April 2014 were identified in the UNOS database (United Network for Organ Sharing)...
October 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
Stephen Shannon, Gavin Breslin, Ben Fitzpatrick, Donncha Hanna, Deirdre Brennan
BACKGROUND: Kidscreen-27 was developed as part of a cross-cultural European Union-funded project to standardise the measurement of children's health-related quality of life. Yet, research has reported mixed evidence for the hypothesised 5-factor model, and no confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has been conducted on the instrument with children of low socio-economic status (SES) across Ireland (Northern and Republic). METHOD: The data for this study were collected as part of a clustered randomised controlled trial...
October 18, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Shula Chiat, Kamila Polišenská
Purpose: As a recognized indicator of language impairment, nonword repetition has unique potential for distinguishing language impairment from difficulties due to limited experience and knowledge of a language. This study focused on a new Crosslinguistic Nonword Repetition framework, comprising 3 tests that vary the phonological characteristics of nonwords, in the quest for an assessment that minimizes effects of language experience and knowledge and thereby maximizes potential for assessing children with diverse linguistic experience...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Olaf von dem Knesebeck, Christopher Kofahl, Anna Christin Makowski
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minorities and people with a low socio-economic status (SES) are often mentioned groups potentially affected by double stigma when faced with the burden of mental illness. Against this background we examine differences in public attitudes towards a) migrant vs. non-migrant persons with depression and b) low vs. high SES persons with depression. METHOD: Analyses are based on data of a representative cross-sectional telephone survey among the adult population in Germany (N=2013)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Monica E Ellwood-Lowe, Matthew D Sacchet, Ian H Gotlib
In the nascent field of the cognitive neuroscience of socioeconomic status (SES), researchers are using neuroimaging to examine how growing up in poverty affects children's neurocognitive development, particularly their language abilities. In this review we highlight difficulties inherent in the frequent use of reverse inference to interpret SES-related abnormalities in brain regions that support language. While there is growing evidence suggesting that SES moderates children's developing brain structure and function, no studies to date have elucidated explicitly how these neural findings are related to variations in children's language abilities, or precisely what it is about SES that underlies or contributes to these differences...
October 3, 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Ari J Elliot, Nicholas A Turiano, Benjamin P Chapman
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic health disparities research may benefit from further consideration of dispositional factors potentially modifying risk associated with low socioeconomic status, including that indexed by systemic inflammation. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate interactions of SES and the Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits in predicting circulating concentrations of the inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Stephane Helleringer
New HIV infections among children have declined significantly more slowly in West and central African countries (WCA) than in eastern and southern African countries between 2009 and 2015. Since adolescent fertility is particularly high in WCA countries, frequent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV may in part be due to low coverage of HIV testing among adolescents during antenatal care (ANC). We investigated this adolescent gap in HIV testing using survey data from the demographic and health surveys and multiple indicators cluster surveys collected in 21 WCA countries since 2009...
October 12, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Hirohiko Ando, Akihiro Suzuki, Shinichiro Sakurai, Soichiro Kumagai, Akiyoshi Kurita, Katsuhisa Waseda, Hiroaki Takashima, Tetsuya Amano
Although late restenosis is one of the long-term complications of stent implantation, its pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. For consecutive patients who developed in-stent restenosis (ISR) after stent implantation, integrated backscatter (IB) intravascular ultrasound was performed for ISR lesions. The tissue characteristics of neointima within the stented segment were compared between lesions with early restenosis and those with late restenosis. Of 73 ISR lesions arising after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES; n = 25) or bare-metal stent (BMS; n = 48) implantation, early and late restenosis were documented in 52 and 21 lesions, respectively...
October 11, 2016: Heart and Vessels
Frederick Palm, Pirkko J Pussinen, Annette Aigner, Heiko Becher, Florian Buggle, Matthias F Bauer, Caspar Grond-Ginsbach, Anton Safer, Christian Urbanek, Armin J Grau
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Infectious diseases contribute to stroke risk, and are associated with socioeconomic status (SES). We tested the hypotheses that the aggregate burden of infections increases the risk of ischemic stroke (IS) and partly explains the association between low SES and ischemic stroke. METHODS: In a case-control study with 470 ischemic stroke patients and 809 age- and sex-matched controls, randomly selected from the population, antibodies against the periodontal microbial agents Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis, against Chlamydia pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (IgA and IgG), and CagA-positive Helicobacter pylori (IgG) were assessed...
October 5, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Mustafa Hussein, Ana V Diez Roux, Robert I Field
Neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES), an overall marker of neighborhood conditions, may determine residents' access to health care, independently of their own individual characteristics. It remains unclear, however, how the distinct settings where individuals seek care vary by neighborhood SES, particularly in US urban areas. With existing literature being relatively old, revealing how these associations might have changed in recent years is also timely in this US health care reform era. Using data on the Philadelphia region from 2002 to 2012, we performed multilevel analysis to examine the associations of neighborhood SES (measured as census tract median household income) with access to usual sources of primary care (physician offices, community health centers, and hospital outpatient clinics)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Shreya Kangovi, Nandita Mitra, Robyn A Smith, Raina Kulkarni, Lindsey Turr, Hairong Huo, Karen Glanz, David Grande, Judith A Long
OBJECTIVE: Growing interest in collaborative goal-setting has raised questions. First, are patients making the 'right choices' from a biomedical perspective? Second, are patients and providers setting goals of appropriate difficulty? Finally, what types of support will patients need to accomplish their goals? We analyzed goals and action plans from a trial of collaborative goal-setting among 302 residents of a high-poverty urban region who had multiple chronic conditions. METHODS: Patients used a low-literacy aid to prioritize one of their chronic conditions and then set a goal for that condition with their primary care provider...
September 25, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
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