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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738791/anthropometric-indices-for-non-pregnant-women-of-childbearing-age-differ-widely-among-four-low-middle-income-populations
#1
K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Ana Garcés, Jamie E Westcott, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Sumera Aziz Ali, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa R Thorsten, Abhik Das, Kristen Stolka, Elizabeth M McClure, Rebecca L Lander, Carl L Bose, Richard J Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Melissa Bauserman
BACKGROUND: Maternal stature and body mass indices (BMI) of non-pregnant women (NPW) of child bearing age are relevant to maternal and offspring health. The objective was to compare anthropometric indices of NPW in four rural communities in low- to low-middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS: Anthropometry and maternal characteristics/household wealth questionnaires were obtained for NPW enrolled in the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was calculated...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737192/-socioeconomical-level-and-behavior-in-school-age-children-the-mediating-role-of-parents
#2
Natalia Ulloa Vidal, Félix Cova Solar, Claudio Bustos N
A determinant of particular relevance in human development is the socioeconomic status (SES) and, specifically, low SES and poverty. Likewise, family environment is essential in the development of children and a potential mediator or moderator of the effect of broader social conditions. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of parenting stress as a mediating variable of the relationship between SES and both externalized and internalized behaviors in preschool children. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Descriptive secondary base study based on the Longitudinal Survey of Chilean First Infancy that selected a stratified sample, representative by clusters, of 9...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732236/neighborhood-ses-is-particularly-important-to-the-cardiovascular-health-of-low-ses-individuals
#3
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Stephanie A Robert
RATIONALE: Health disparities defined by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are well established; it is less well understood whether neighborhood SES is differentially associated with health depending on one's own SES. OBJECTIVE: The double jeopardy hypothesis, collective resources model, fundamental cause theory, and relative deprivation hypothesis support differential patterns of association between neighborhood and individual SES with health. The first three models suggest that higher neighborhood SES predicts health more strongly among lower, as compared to higher, SES individuals...
July 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728386/the-relationship-between-odd-and-branched-chain-fatty-acids-and-microbial-nucleic-acid-bases-in-rumen
#4
Keyuan Liu, Xiaoyan Hao, Yang Li, Guobin Luo, Yonggen Zhang, Hangshu Xin
Objective: This study aims to identify the relationship between odd- and branched-chain fatty acids (OBCFAs) and microbial nucleic acid base in the rumen, and to establish a model to accurately predict microbial protein flow by using OBCFA. Methods: To develop the regression equations, data on the rumen contents of individual cows was obtained from 2 feeding experiments. In the first experiment, 3 rumen-fistulated dry dairy cows arranged in a 3×3 Latin square were fed diets of differing forage to concentration ratios (F:C)...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726477/south-asian-ethnicity-socioeconomic-status-and-psychological-mediators-of-faecal-occult-blood-colorectal-screening-participation-a-prospective-test-of-a-process-model
#5
Sheina Orbell, Ala Szczepura, David Weller, Anil Gumber, Martin S Hagger
OBJECTIVE: Although ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) correlate with health inequality, efforts to explain variance in health behavior attributable to these factors are limited by difficulties in population sampling. We used ethnicity identification software to test effects of psychological beliefs about screening as mediators of ethnicity and SES on faecal occult blood colorectal screening behavior in a no-cost health care context. METHOD: Adults aged 50-67 years (N = 1,678), of whom 28% were from minority South Asian religiolinguistic ethnic groups (Hindu-Gujarati/Hindi, Muslim-Urdu and Sikh-Punjabi), participated in a prospective survey study...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721036/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-copd-among-aboriginal-peoples-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Yelena Bird, John Moraros, Razi Mahmood, Sarvenaz Esmaeelzadeh, Nway Mon Kyaw Soe
BACKGROUND: COPD among Aboriginal peoples in Canada is a major public health concern. This study was conducted in order to determine the prevalence and association between certain risk factors and COPD among the 35-year-old or older Aboriginal peoples in Canada. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. It uses data from Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS), 2012. It consists of 8,117 self-identified Aboriginal peoples, aged 35 years old or older from all Canadian provinces and territories...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719626/impact-of-respiratory-infections-outdoor-pollen-and-socioeconomic-status-on-associations-between-air-pollutants-and-pediatric-asthma-hospital-admissions
#7
Julie E Goodman, Christine T Loftus, Xiaobin Liu, Ke Zu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology studies have shown that ambient concentrations of ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) are associated with increased emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions (HAs) for asthma. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of outdoor pollen, respiratory infections, and socioeconomic status (SES) on the associations between ambient ozone and PM2.5 and asthma HAs in New York City. METHODS: Daily ozone, PM2.5, meteorological factors, pollen, and hospitalization records during 1999 to 2009 were obtained for New York City residents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#8
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707297/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-from-low-socio-economic-status-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#9
F Jaime, A Villagrán, C Hernández, M Ortiz, C Serrano, P R Harris
BACKGROUND: Most studies on functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children are based on data from the northern hemisphere. Scientific reports are arising in South American population, but little is still known about children from low socio-economic status (SES), where Helicobacter pylori infection is endemic. Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence of FGIDs in school children from low SES and its relationship with H. pylori infection. METHODS: Children from 3 public schools of low SES from Santiago de Chile were included...
July 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705191/knowledge-and-understanding-of-health-insurance-challenges-and-remedies
#10
Andrew J Barnes, Yaniv Hanoch
As coverage is expanded in health systems that rely on consumers to choose health insurance plans that best meet their needs, interest in whether consumers possess sufficient understanding of health insurance to make good coverage decisions is growing. The recent IJHPR article by Green and colleagues-examining understanding of supplementary health insurance (SHI) among Israeli consumers-provides an important and timely answer to the above question. Indeed, their study addresses similar problems to the ones identified in the US health care market, with two notable findings...
July 13, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702177/socioeconomic-status-and-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-mainland-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-a-systematic-review
#11
Hongjiang Wu, Xiangrui Meng, Sarah H Wild, Danijela Gasevic, Caroline A Jackson
BACKGROUND: China is estimated to have had the largest number of people with diabetes in the world in 2015, with extrapolation of existing data suggesting that this situation will continue until at least 2030. Type 2 diabetes has been reported to be more prevalent among people with low socioeconomic status (SES) in high-income countries, whereas the opposite pattern has been found in studies from low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a systematic review to describe the cross-sectional association between SES and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Chinese in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700705/cumulative-effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-exogenous-chemicals-and-psychosocial-stress-on-fetal-growth-systematic-review-of-the-human-and-animal-evidence
#12
Hanna M Vesterinen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Saunak Sen, Lauren Zeise, Tracey J Woodruff
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of prenatal stress or environmental chemical exposures on fetal growth are well described, yet their combined effect remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review on the combined impact and interaction of prenatal exposure to stress and chemicals on developmental outcomes. METHODS: We used the first three steps of the Navigation Guide systematic review. We wrote a protocol, performed a robust literature search to identify relevant animal and human studies and extracted data on developmental outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699852/children-s-representations-of-nature-using-photovoice-and-community-mapping-perspectives-from-south-africa
#13
Sabirah Adams, Shazly Savahl, Tobia Fattore
The aim of the study was to explore children's representations and perceptions of natural spaces using photovoice and community mapping. The sample consisted of 28 children aged 12-14 years residing in urban and rural communities in the Western Cape, South Africa. Data were collected by means of a series of six focus groups interviews (three photovoice discussion groups and three community mapping discussion groups). For the photovoice missions, children were provided with a 28-exposure disposable camera and given 1 week to complete their missions...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698950/outcomes-across-the-return-to-work-process-in-pc-survivors-attending-a-rehabilitation-measure-results-from-a-prospective-study
#14
Anneke Ullrich, Hilke M Rath, Ullrich Otto, Christa Kerschgens, Martin Raida, Christa Hagen-Aukamp, Corinna Bergelt
PURPOSE: Approximately 60% of patients are able to work following a cancer diagnosis. The return-to-work (RTW) process after disability can be conceptualized as a multi-phase construct. This study investigated RTW outcomes throughout the RTW process among survivors of prostate cancer (PC) attending a cancer rehabilitation measure. METHODS: The study was based on a sample of 837 employed PC survivors enrolled in a longitudinal multicenter study. Data was collected at the beginning of the rehabilitation measure, at the end and at 12-month follow-up by means of self-report questionnaires...
July 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697770/local-professionals-perceptions-of-health-assets-in-a-low-ses-dutch-neighbourhood-a-qualitative-study
#15
Lea Den Broeder, Ellen Uiters, Aafke Hofland, Annemarie Wagemakers, Albertine Jantine Schuit
BACKGROUND: Asset-based approaches have become popular in public health. As yet it is not known to what extent health and welfare professionals are able to identify and mobilise individual and community health assets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand professional's perceptions of health and health assets. METHODS: In a low-SES neighbourhood, 21 health and welfare professionals were interviewed about their definition of health and their perceptions of the residents' health status, assets available in the neighbourhood's environment, and the way residents use these assets...
July 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695916/the-impact-of-sociodemographic-factors-and-psa-screening-among-low-income-black-and-white-men-data-from-the-southern-community-cohort-study
#16
K A Moses, Z Zhao, Y Bi, J Acquaye, A Holmes, W J Blot, J H Fowke
BACKGROUND: Variation in PSA screening is a potential source of disparity in prostate cancer survival, particularly among underserved populations. We sought to examine the impact of race and socioeconomic status (SES) on receipt of PSA testing among low-income men. METHODS: Black (n=22 167) and White (n=9588) men aged ⩾40 years completed a baseline questionnaire from 2002 to 2009 as part of the Southern Community Cohort Study. Men reported whether they had ever received PSA testing and had testing within the prior 12 months...
July 11, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694062/trends-in-smoking-and-obesity-among-us-adults-before-during-and-after-the-great-recession-and-affordable-care-act-roll-out
#17
Vikash Pernenkil, Taylor Wyatt, Tomi Akinyemiju
This study examined trends in smoking and overweight/obesity rates among United States (US) adults ages 40years and older by race and socio-economic status (SES) across three study periods; pre-recession (2003-2005), recession (2007-2009), and post-recession/Affordable Care Act (2010-2012). Data was obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), and multivariable regression analysis was used to examine changes in overweight/obesity, smoking, physical activity and smoking cessation rates over the study periods...
July 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693838/socioeconomic-status-gender-and-burn-injury-a-retrospective-review
#18
Sharmila Dissanaike, Daniel Ha, Diana Mitchell, Eneko Larumbe
Burn injury rates appear to be influenced by socioeconomic status (SES) and gender globally, but the impact of poverty and gender on burn injury has not been studied in a developed country. This study was a retrospective chart review conducted at a regional burn center in the Southwest US that included 340 patients with TBSA burns >15%. SES was determined using zip code and US census data. The distribution of mechanism of injury was significantly different by gender (χ(2)(6) = 36.14, p < 0001), but not significantly different by SES (χ(2)(12) = 19...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693579/hospital-daily-outpatient-visits-forecasting-using-a-combinatorial-model-based-on-arima-and-ses-models
#19
Li Luo, Le Luo, Xinli Zhang, Xiaoli He
BACKGROUND: Accurate forecasting of hospital outpatient visits is beneficial for the reasonable planning and allocation of healthcare resource to meet the medical demands. In terms of the multiple attributes of daily outpatient visits, such as randomness, cyclicity and trend, time series methods, ARIMA, can be a good choice for outpatient visits forecasting. On the other hand, the hospital outpatient visits are also affected by the doctors' scheduling and the effects are not pure random...
July 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692578/turning-1-year-of-age-in-a-low-socioeconomic-environment-a-portrait-of-disadvantage
#20
Hallam Hurt, Laura M Betancourt
In the United States today, 16 million children are growing up poor. Few studies report multiple environmental factors associated with poverty during the first year of life and effects on infant development. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal, home, and neighborhood environment of low and higher socioeconomic status (SES) infants from birth to 1 year and to evaluate the impact of SES and environment on infant developmental outcome at 1 year. METHODS: Low (n = 30) and higher SES (n = 30) African-American mothers and their healthy term gestation female infants were prospectively compared for environmental characteristics and infant developmental outcome...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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