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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329927/-lagged-effects-of-diurnal-temperature-range-on-mortality-in-66-cities-in-china-a-time-series-study
#1
Y Q Zhao, L J Wang, Y Luo, P Yin, Z J Huang, T Liu, H L Lin, J P Xiao, X Li, W L Zeng, W J Ma, M G Zhou
Objective: To estimate the effect of daily diurnal temperature range (DTR) on mortality in different areas in China. Methods: A time series study using the data collected from 66 areas in China was conducted, and Meta-analysis was used to analyze the estimates of associations between DTR and daily mortality. Modifying effects of extremely low and high DTR-mortality relationship by season and socioeconomic status (SES) were also evaluated respectively. Cumulative excess risk (CER) was used as an index to evaluate the effects...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328086/recruitment-and-retention-of-low-ses-ethnic-minority-couples-in-intervention-research-at-the-transition-to-parenthood
#2
Katherine J W Baucom, Xiao S Chen, Nicholas S Perry, Kaddy Y Revolorio, Astrid Reina, Andrew Christensen
Low-SES couples have limited resources to manage the chronic and acute stressors with which they are disproportionately faced. Although these couples are at greater risk for negative individual and relationship outcomes, evaluations of the impact of couple relationship education (CRE) in low-SES couples have been plagued by methodological problems, most notably challenges associated with recruitment and retention. We review the literature on challenges couples face associated with low-SES, as well as on recruitment, retention, and CRE in low-SES, ethnic minority populations...
March 22, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325020/socioeconomic-status-age-and-heart-rate-variability-in-a-bangladeshi-community
#3
Nishat E-Sharmin Trisha, Herbert F Jelinek, Mika P Tarvainen, David J Cornforth, Dewan S Alam, Megan Smith
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and either low or high heart rate variability (HRV) at rest has been shown to predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The study investigated the extent HRV features can predict SES. Four hundred and twenty eight people were randomly selected from the commercial districts (high SES) and slum areas (low SES) within Dhaka city. Demographic, clinical, and HRV features were recorded. Of the clinical variables age, waist circumference and diastolic blood pressure (p<;0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315779/energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-the-course-of-the-day-of-german-adults-a-dedipac-study
#4
Friederike Wittig, Eva Hummel, Germaine Wenzler, Thorsten Heuer
The aim of the study was to analyze the energy and macronutrient intake over the course of the day of selected population groups in Germany defined by sex, age, BMI, SES, and diet quality. The study was based on food consumption data from the German National Nutrition Survey II (2005-2007) assessed by two 4-day dietary weighing records of 662 women and men aged between 18 and 80 years. Energy and macronutrient intake were calculated using the German Nutrient Database 3.02 and summarized for the periods 'morning', 'midday', 'afternoon', 'evening', and 'night'...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299151/is-socio-economic-status-a-determinant-of-hiv-related-stigma-attitudes-in-zimbabwe-findings-from-project-accept
#5
Kudzanai Mateveke, Basant Singh, Alfred Chingono, E Sibanda, Ian Machingura
HIV related stigma and discrimination is a known barrier for HIV prevention and care. We aimed to assess the relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and HIV related stigma in Zimbabwe. This paper uses data from Project Accept, which examined the impact of community-based voluntary counseling and testing intervention on HIV incidence and stigma. Total of 2522 eligible participants responded to a psychometric assessment tool, which assessed HIV related stigma and discrimination attitudes on 4 point Likert scale...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290763/psychosocial-risk-factors-and-treatment-of-new-onset-and-recurrent-depression-during-the-post-partum-period
#6
Pirjo Kettunen, Jukka Hintikka
BACKGROUND: When developing maternity care services, it is important to know how psychosocial factors affect the course of post-partum depression (PPD), and how depressed mothers are treated. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess how adverse childhood experiences, poor present support and violence, and low socioeconomic status (SES) associate with PPD, specifically in new onset and recurrent post-partum depression. The second aim is to assess the treatment received for PPD...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289913/the-impacts-of-exposure-to-environmental-risk-on-physical-and-mental-health-in-a-small-geographic-community-in-houston-tx
#7
Garett Sansom, Juan Parras, Ana Parras, Yudith Nieto, Yvette Arellano, Philip Berke, Thomas McDonald, Eva Shipp, Jennifer A Horney
Previous research has shown that communities with low average socioeconomic status (SES) and majority minority populations are more likely to be exposed to industrial buildings, waste facilities, and poor infrastructure compared to white communities with higher average SES. While some studies have demonstrated linkages between exposures to specific environmental contaminates within these communities and negative health outcomes, little research has analyzed the effects of environmental contaminants on the mental and physical health of these populations...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286550/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-problems-in-preschool-aged-children-cross-sectional-results-of-the-bella-preschool-study
#8
Olga Wlodarczyk, Silke Pawils, Franka Metzner, Levente Kriston, Fionna Klasen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHPs) in preschoolers are precursors of mental disorders which have shown to be associated with suffering, functional impairment, exposure to stigma and discrimination, as well as enhanced risk of premature death. A better understanding of factors associated with MHPs in preschoolers can facilitate early identification of children at risk and inform prevention programs. This cross-sectional study investigated the association of risk and protective factors with MHPs within a German representative community sample...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278161/examining-the-relationship-between-socio-economic-status-wash-practices-and-wasting
#9
Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Sabiha Sultana, Md Ahshanul Haque, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L Waid, Ben McCormick, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
Childhood wasting is a global problem and is significantly more pronounced in low and middle income countries like Bangladesh. Socio Economic Status (SES) and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) practices may be significantly associated with wasting. Most previous research is consistent about the role of SES, but the significance of WASH in the context of wasting remains ambiguous. The effect of SES and WASH on weight for length (WHZ) is examined using a Structural Equation Model (SEM) to explicitly describe the direct and indirect role of WASH in the context of SES...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277337/biomarkers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-among-children-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
Rebecca K Campbell, Kerry Schulze, Saijuddin Shaikh, Sucheta Mehra, Hasmot Ali, Lee Wu, Rubhana Raqib, Sarah Baker, Alain Labrique, Keith P West, Parul Christian
OBJECTIVES: Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) may inhibit growth and development in low- and middle-income countries, but available assessment methodologies limit its study. In rural Bangladesh, we measured EED using the widely-used lactulose mannitol ratio (L:M) test and a panel of intestinal and systemic health biomarkers to evaluate convergence among biomarkers and describe risk factors for EED. METHODS: In 539 18-month-old children finishing participation in a randomized food supplementation trial, serum, stool and urine collected after lactulose and mannitol dosing were analyzed for biomarkers of intestinal absorption, inflammation, permeability and repair, and systemic inflammation...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277150/socioeconomic-deprivation-and-the-development-of-neuropsychological-functions-a-study-with-street-children-in-ecuador
#11
Graham Pluck, Daniel R Banda-Cruz, M Victoria Andrade-Guimaraes, Ana F Trueba
Socioeconomic status (SES) is known to have a considerable influence on the development of neuropsychological functions. In particular there is strong evidence for less efficient development of prefrontal-cortex-related functions in children raised in low-SES households. "Street children" are a common feature of low SES in many low- and middle-income countries, and some researchers have suggested that the unique life experiences of street children may drive their neurocognitive development. This study compares a group of 36 former street children in Quito, Ecuador with a control group of 26 never street-connected schoolchildren...
March 1, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277046/social-disparities-in-diabetes-care-a-general-population-study-in-denmark
#12
Andreas Heltberg, John Sahl Andersen, Jakob Kragstrup, Volkert Siersma, Håkon Sandholdt, Christina Ellervik
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between socioeconomic factors and the attainment of treatment goals and pharmacotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in Denmark. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population study. SETTING: The municipality of Naestved, Denmark. SUBJECTS: We studied 907 patients with type 2 diabetes identified from a random sample of 21,205 Danish citizens. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of patients who were not achieving goals for diabetes care based on their HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol, blood pressure, and lifestyle, and the proportion of patients who were treated with antihypertensive and cholesterol- and glucose-lowering medication...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272962/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271371/a-longitudinal-empirical-investigation-of-the-pathways-model-of-problem-gambling
#14
Youssef Allami, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, René Carbonneau, Éric Lacourse, Richard E Tremblay
The pathways model of problem gambling suggests the existence of three developmental pathways to problem gambling, each differentiated by a set of predisposing biopsychosocial characteristics: behaviorally conditioned (BC), emotionally vulnerable (EV), and biologically vulnerable (BV) gamblers. This study examined the empirical validity of the Pathways Model among adolescents followed up to early adulthood. A prospective-longitudinal design was used, thus overcoming limitations of past studies that used concurrent or retrospective designs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270780/addressing-the-math-practice-gap-in-elementary-school-are-tablets-a-feasible-tool-for-informal-math-practice
#15
Sara T Stacy, Macey Cartwright, Zjanya Arwood, James P Canfield, Heidi Kloos
Students rarely practice math outside of school requirements, which we refer to as the "math-practice gap". This gap might be the reason why students struggle with math, making it urgent to develop means by which to address it. In the current paper, we propose that math apps offer a viable solution to the math-practice gap: Online apps can provide access to a large number of problems, tied to immediate feedback, and delivered in an engaging way. To substantiate this conversation, we looked at whether tablets are sufficiently engaging to motivate children's informal math practice...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270500/exploring-the-linkage-between-activity-friendly-zoning-inactivity-and-cancer-incidence-in-the-united-states
#16
Lisa M Nicholson, Julien Leider, Jamie F Chriqui
Background: Physical activity (PA) protects against cancer and enhances cancer survivorship. Given high inactivity rates nationwide, population-level physical activity facilitators are needed. Several authoritative bodies have recognized that zoning and planning helps create activity-friendly environments. This study examined the association between activity-friendly zoning, inactivity, and cancer in 478 of the most populous U.S. counties.Methods: County geocodes linked county-level data: cancer incidence and smoking (State Cancer Profiles), inactivity (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System), 11 zoning measures (compiled by the study team), and covariates (from the American Community Survey and NAVTEQ)...
March 7, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270256/socioeconomic-status-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a-population-based-canadian-sample
#17
Emily E Campbell, Jason Gilliland, Paula D N Dworatzek, Barbra De Vrijer, Debbie Penava, Jamie A Seabrook
This study assessed the strength of the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) in Southwestern Ontario. Utilizing perinatal and neonatal databases at the London Health Science Centre, maternal postal codes were entered into a Geographic Information System to determine home neighbourhoods. Neighbourhoods were defined by dissemination areas (DAs). Median household income for each DA was extracted from the latest Canadian Census and linked to each mother...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267795/the-cost-of-dementia-in-an-unequal-country-the-case-of-chile
#18
Daniel A Hojman, Fabian Duarte, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle, Marilu Budnich, Carolina Delgado, Andrea Slachevsky
We study the economic cost of dementia in Chile, and its variation according to socioeconomic status (SES). We use primary data from a survey of 330 informal primary caregivers who completed both a RUD-Lite and a socio-demographic questionnaire to evaluate the severity of dementia and caregiver's burden. The costs of dementia are broken into three components: direct medical costs (medical care, drugs, tests); direct social costs (social service, daycare); and indirect costs (mostly associated to informal care)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261991/role-of-psychosocial-reserve-capacity-in-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Geraldine Zamora-Racaza, Desiree R Azizoddin, Mariko L Ishimori, Sarah R Ormseth, Daniel J Wallace, Ester G Penserga, Lekeisha Sumner, Julia Ayeroff, Taylor Draper, Perry M Nicassio, Michael H Weisman
AIM: To examine the relationship between reserve capacity measures and anxiety/depression among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from Southern California (SoCal), United States and Manila, Philippines. METHODS: A total of 235 participants with SLE completed self-reported scales to assess anxiety/depression and psychosocial reserve capacity measures (self-esteem, optimism, personal mastery/coping skills, social support), socioeconomic status (SES) data, and Mexican SLE Disease Activity Index...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259178/factors-associated-with-spontaneous-abortion-a-cross-sectional-study-of-chinese-populations
#20
Danni Zheng, Chunyan Li, Taiwen Wu, Kun Tang
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion (SA) is one of the prevalent negative reproductive outcomes among women around the world, which is a great challenge faced by maternal health promotion. The present study is aimed to explore the association between SA and socioeconomic status (SES) and provides reference for policy makers to improve strategies on maternal health promotion. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted with baseline data from a large-scale population-based cohort study of 0...
March 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
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