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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542322/transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-medical-care-a-survey-in-young-persons-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Antje Timmer, Jenny Peplies, Max Westphal, Birgit Kaltz, Antje Ballauff, Martin Claßen, Martin W Laass, Sibylle Koletzko
BACKGROUND: Transition to adult health services is a vulnerable phase in young persons with chronic disease. We describe how young persons with inflammatory bowel disease in Germany and Austria experience care during the transitional age, focusing on differences by type of provider (pediatric vs. adult specialist, no specialist). METHODS: This was a follow up survey in patients previously registered with a pediatric IBD registry. Patients aged 15 to 25 received a postal questionnaire, including a measure of health care experience and satisfaction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#2
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541410/contribution-of-socioeconomic-status-at-three-lifecourse-periods-to-late-life-memory-function-and-decline-early-and-late-predictors-of-dementia-risk
#3
Jessica R Marden, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, Ichiro Kawachi, M Maria Glymour
Both early life and adult socioeconomic status (SES) predict late life level of memory; however, evidence is mixed on the relationship between SES and rate of memory decline. Further, the relative importance of different lifecourse periods for rate of late life memory decline has not been evaluated. We examined associations between lifecourse SES and late life memory function and decline. Health and Retirement Study participants (n = 10,781) were interviewed biennially from 1998-2012. SES measures for childhood (composite score including parents' educational attainment), early adulthood (high school or college completion), and older adulthood (income, mean age 66) were all dichotomized...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540340/is-childhood-socioeconomic-status-related-to-coronary-heart-disease-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-study-1992-2012
#4
Minjee Lee, M Mahmud Khan, Brad Wright
Objective: We investigated the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and coronary heart disease (CHD) in older Americans. Method: We used Health and Retirement Study data from 1992 to 2012 to examine a nationally representative sample of Americans aged ≥50 years (N = 30,623). We modeled CHD as a function of childhood and adult SES using maternal and paternal educational level as a proxy for childhood SES. Results: Respondents reporting low childhood SES were significantly more likely to have CHD than respondents reporting high childhood SES...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535964/income-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-worse-asthma-outcomes
#5
Juan Carlos Cardet, Margee Louisias, Tonya S King, Mario Castro, Christopher D Codispoti, Ryan Dunn, Linda Engle, B Louise Giles, Fernando Holguin, John J Lima, Dayna Long, Njira Lugogo, Sharmilee Nyenhuis, Victor E Ortega, Sima Ramratnam, Michael E Wechsler, Elliot Israel, Wanda Phipatanakul
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with asthma morbidity in observational studies but the factors underlying this association are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether three SES correlates-low income, low education, and high perceived stress- were independent risk factors for treatment failure and asthma exacerbations in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The effect of low SES [household income (defined as <$50,000/year), household educational level (defined as less than a bachelor's degree) and high perceived stress (defined as a score of >20 on a perceived stress scale)] on asthma morbidity was analyzed in 381 participants utilizing Poisson regression models...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#6
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532472/an-audit-of-food-and-beverage-advertising-on-the-sydney-metropolitan-train-network-regulation-and-policy-implications
#7
Emma Sainsbury, Stephen Colagiuri, Roger Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Increased marketing of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods has been identified as a driver of the global obesity epidemic and a priority area for preventative efforts. Local and international research has focused on the unhealthiness of television advertising, with limited research into the growing outdoor advertising industry. This study aimed to examine the extent of food and beverage advertising on the Sydney metropolitan train network, and to assess the nutritional quality of advertised products against the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#8
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528077/is-the-success-of-the-slimmer-diabetes-prevention-intervention-modified-by-socioeconomic-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Andrea J Bukman, Geerke Duijzer, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Sophia C Jansen, Josien Ter Beek, Gerrit J Hiddink, Edith J M Feskens
AIM: To explore the role of socioeconomic status (SES) in participation, programme attendance, programme acceptability, adherence to lifestyle guidelines, drop-out, and effectiveness in the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention. METHODS: SLIMMER was a randomised controlled intervention, carried out in a real-world setting, targeting 40- to 70-year-old adults at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (n=316). The intervention group participated in a 10-month combined dietary and physical activity programme...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516855/victim-impact-statements-how-victim-social-class-affects-juror-decision-making
#10
Kimberly Schweitzer, Narina Nuñez
Although the Supreme Court has ruled that victim impact statements (VIS) should be allowed at trial, the concern voicedin Payne v. Tennessee (1991) and Furman v. Georgia (1972) was that VIS might enable jurors to make comparative judgments about the worth of the victim. This study examined the effect VIS and low and middle socioeconomic status (SES) victims have on jurors' decisions. Mock jurors listened to 1 of 3 audio recordings of the sentencing phase of a capital murder trial (no VIS, low SES VIS, or middle SES VIS) and were asked to sentence the defendant to either life in prison without parole or death...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515188/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-five-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study-using-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#11
Yoon Jung Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Juri Park, Dong Seop Choi, Doo Man Kim, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Ho Yeon Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Juneyoung Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in socioeconomic inequalities in major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among the Korean population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationally representative population survey database. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42 725 Koreans, aged 25-64 years, who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) II (2001) to VI (2013-2014). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in five major CVD risk factors (smoking, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia)...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504464/skeletal-maturity-of-the-hand-in-an-east-african-group-from-sudan
#12
Fadil Elamin, Nihal Abdelazeem, Ahmed Elamin, Duaa Saif, Helen M Liversidge
OBJECTIVES: Studies of skeletal maturity from Africa indicate a delay, reflected in a negative relative skeletal age (RSA). This study aims to evaluate the influence of age, socioeconomic status (SES) and nutritional status on skeletal maturation in a large sample of children from North Sudan. MATERIALS: The sample consisted 665 males and 1018 females from 3-25 years from Khartoum. Height, weight, age of menarche and, SES were recorded of patients attending for dental treatment...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503800/secular-trends-in-australian-school-children-s-sleep-and-perceived-importance-of-sleep-between-1985-and-2013
#13
James Dollman, Lisa Matricciani, Verity Booth, Sarah Blunden
AIM: To examine secular trends in Australian children's actual sleep time as well as the perceived importance of sleep between 1985-2004-2013. METHODS: Secular trends in children's sleep and their perception of the importance of sleep across three time points 1985 (N=401), 2004 (N=450) and 2013 (N=395), were examined according to socioeconomic status (SES), age and sex. The children self-reported their bed-time, wake-up time and their perceived importance of sleep, among other questions...
May 15, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501239/economic-insecurity-and-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victimization
#14
Matthew J Breiding, Kathleen C Basile, Joanne Klevens, Sharon G Smith
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently found that low SES is associated with higher levels of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) victimization. Though associated with poverty, two indicators of economic insecurity, food and housing insecurity, have been identified as conceptually distinct social determinants of health. This study examined the relationship between food and housing insecurity experienced in the preceding 12 months and IPV and SV victimization experienced in the preceding 12 months, after controlling for SES and other demographic variables...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490476/socioeconomic-status-in-childhood-and-c-reactive-protein-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Richard S Liu, Allison E Aiello, Fiona K Mensah, Constantine E Gasser, Kuna Rueb, Billie Cordell, Markus Juonala, Melissa Wake, David P Burgner
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a central role in cardiometabolic disease and may represent a mechanism linking low socioeconomic status (SES) in early life and adverse cardiometabolic health outcomes in later life. Accumulating evidence suggests an association between childhood SES and adult inflammation, but findings have been inconsistent. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies to quantify the association between childhood (age <18 years) SES and the inflammatory marker C reactive protein (CRP) in adulthood...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486206/ethnic-group-socioeconomic-status-as-an-indicator-of-community-level-disadvantage-a-study-of-overweight-obesity-in-asian-american-adolescents
#16
Won Kim Cook, Winston Tseng, Christina Tam, Iyanrick John, Camillia Lui
Asian American children and adolescents are an under-investigated subpopulation in obesity research. Informed by a wide socioeconomic diversity among Asian American ethnic groups, this study explored ethnic-group socioeconomic status (SES) as an indicator of community-level disadvantage that may influence overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. We hypothesized that ethnic-group SES was inversely associated with overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted using a sample of 1525 Asian American adolescents ages 12-17 from pooled 2007-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data...
April 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482732/relation-of-socioeconomic-status-to-overweight-and-obesity-a-large-population-based-study-of-chinese-adults
#17
Hua Zhang, Hui Xu, Fei Song, Weili Xu, Stephanie Pallard-Borg, Xiuying Qi
BACKGROUND: China has been going through significant changes in social and economical aspects and with great socioeconomic disparity in different regions. However, data on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity are not available in Tianjin, China. AIM: We aimed to investigate the association between SES and high adiposity among the adult population in Tianjin. SUBJECTS & METHODS: A total of 7351 individuals aged 20-79 were included in this study...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481890/associations-between-selective-attention-and-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-socioeconomic-status-and-physical-fitness-in-disadvantaged-children-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa-an-observational-study
#18
Stefanie Gall, Ivan Müller, Cheryl Walter, Harald Seelig, Liana Steenkamp, Uwe Pühse, Rosa du Randt, Danielle Smith, Larissa Adams, Siphesihle Nqweniso, Peiling Yap, Sebastian Ludyga, Peter Steinmann, Jürg Utzinger, Markus Gerber
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically deprived children are at increased risk of ill-health associated with sedentary behavior, malnutrition, and helminth infection. The resulting reduced physical fitness, growth retardation, and impaired cognitive abilities may impede children's capacity to pay attention. The present study examines how socioeconomic status (SES), parasitic worm infections, stunting, food insecurity, and physical fitness are associated with selective attention and academic achievement in school-aged children...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480624/coatable-li4sns4-solid-electrolytes-prepared-from-aqueous-solutions-for-all-solid-state-lithium-ion-batteries
#19
Young Eun Choi, Kern Ho Park, Dong Hyeon Kim, Dae Yang Oh, Hi Ram Kwak, Young-Gi Lee, Yoon Seok Jung
Bulk-type all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries (ASLBs) for large-scale energy storage applications have emerged as a promising alternative to conventional lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) owing to their superior safety. However, the electrochemical performance of bulk-type ASLBs is critically limited by the low ionic conductivity of solid electrolytes (SEs) and poor ionic contact between the active materials and SEs. Herein, we report the highly conductive (0.14 mS cm-1) and dry-air-stable SEs, Li4SnS4, which are prepared using a scalable aqueous-solution process...
May 8, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475579/prognostic-significance-of-marital-status-in-breast-cancer-survival-a-population-based-study
#20
María Elena Martínez, Jonathan T Unkart, Li Tao, Candyce H Kroenke, Richard Schwab, Ian Komenaka, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Research shows that married cancer patients have lower mortality than unmarried patients but few data exist for breast cancer. We assessed total mortality associated with marital status, with attention to differences by race/ethnicity, tumor subtype, and neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES). We included, from the population-based California Cancer Registry, women ages 18 and older with invasive breast cancer diagnosed between 2005 and 2012 with follow-up through December 2013. We estimated mortality rate ratios (MRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for total mortality by nSES, race/ethnicity, and tumor subtype...
2017: PloS One
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