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Mohammad Reza Akbari

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426796/road-traffic-deaths-in-kashan-region-iran-an-eight-year-study-2006-2013
#1
Mehrdad Mahdian, Mojtaba Sehat, Mohammad Reza Fazel, Hossein Akbari, Habibollah Rahimi, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the trend of road traffic fatalities in Kashan Region, Iran, in a period of eight years. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study, all road traffic deaths classified under the V01V99 codes according to ICD-10 in Kashan region, central Iran, from March 2006 to March 2013 and population data were collected from the registration system of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Years of lost life (YLL) and mortality rates were calculated regarding age, gender and year of the accident...
December 14, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408778/increased-serum-levels-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-decreased-serum-levels-of-il-27-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-and-their-correlation-with-disease-severity
#2
Ebrahim Kouchaki, Reza Daneshvar Kakhaki, Omid Reza Tamtaji, Ehsan Dadgostar, Mohammad Behnam, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Hossein Akbari
OBJECTIVES: Immunological basis of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer and Parkinson disease (PD) has some important roles in their pathogenesis. There are conflicting studies to serum level of TNF-α in PD. Also, according to our finding there is no report evaluating serum level of IL-27 in PD. This study correlates the serum level of those factors with severity of PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 83 patients with PD and 83 healthy volunteers were enrolled...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302074/genetics-of-intellectual-disability-in-consanguineous-families
#3
Hao Hu, Kimia Kahrizi, Luciana Musante, Zohreh Fattahi, Ralf Herwig, Masoumeh Hosseini, Cornelia Oppitz, Seyedeh Sedigheh Abedini, Vanessa Suckow, Farzaneh Larti, Maryam Beheshtian, Bettina Lipkowitz, Tara Akhtarkhavari, Sepideh Mehvari, Sabine Otto, Marzieh Mohseni, Sanaz Arzhangi, Payman Jamali, Faezeh Mojahedi, Maryam Taghdiri, Elaheh Papari, Mohammad Javad Soltani Banavandi, Saeide Akbari, Seyed Hassan Tonekaboni, Hossein Dehghani, Mohammad Reza Ebrahimpour, Ingrid Bader, Behzad Davarnia, Monika Cohen, Hossein Khodaei, Beate Albrecht, Sarah Azimi, Birgit Zirn, Milad Bastami, Dagmar Wieczorek, Gholamreza Bahrami, Krystyna Keleman, Leila Nouri Vahid, Andreas Tzschach, Jutta Gärtner, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Jamileh Rezazadeh Varaghchi, Bernd Timmermann, Fatemeh Pourfatemi, Aria Jankhah, Wei Chen, Pooneh Nikuei, Vera M Kalscheuer, Morteza Oladnabi, Thomas F Wienker, Hans-Hilger Ropers, Hossein Najmabadi
Autosomal recessive (AR) gene defects are the leading genetic cause of intellectual disability (ID) in countries with frequent parental consanguinity, which account for about 1/7th of the world population. Yet, compared to autosomal dominant de novo mutations, which are the predominant cause of ID in Western countries, the identification of AR-ID genes has lagged behind. Here, we report on whole exome and whole genome sequencing in 404 consanguineous predominantly Iranian families with two or more affected offspring...
January 4, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184648/estimating-the-prevalence-of-positive-tuberculin-skin-test-reactions-in-general-population-and-high-risk-groups-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Reza Tabrizi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mahdi Afshari, Siavosh Abedi, Maryam Akbari, Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Mahmood Moosazadeh
Results of tuberculin skin test (TST) surveys among different populations have been reported in many studies as a method for detecting primary Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Combining these results provides reliable estimates of primary latent tuberculosis (TB) infection for health policymakers. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of latent TB infection in general and high-risk populations in Iran. National and international databanks were searched using specific keywords. After restricting the search strategy, duplicates exclusion, reviewing titles, abstracts and full texts, and quality assessment, eligible papers were selected...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080617/wash-resistance-and-bio-efficacy-of-olyset-%C3%A2-plus-a-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-mosquito-net-with-synergist-against-malaria-vector-anopheles-stephensi
#5
Soraya Sheikhi, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Abai, Mansoreh Shayeghi, Ahmad Raeisi, Morteza Akbari, Fatemeh Nikpoor, Mohammad Sistanizade Aghdam, Akbar Bagheri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the wash resistance of Olyset(®) Plus using World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme standard washing procedure and to assess the value of knock down and mortality rates of Anopheles stephensi at different regimens of long lasting insecticide treated nets washings. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Bioassay Laboratory of Culicidae Insectary, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The net was made of polyester impregnated with permethrin and piperonyl butoxide at a ratio of 2:1...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048924/de-novo-mutation-in-cacna1s-gene-in-a-20-year-old-man-diagnosed-with-metabolic-myopathy
#6
Masoud Edizadeh, Raheleh Vazehan, Fatemeh Javadi, Shima Dehdahsi, Mahsa Fadaee, Mehrshid Faraji Zonooz, Elham Parsimehr, Fatemeh Ahangari, Ayda Abolhassani, Zahra Kalhor, Zohreh Fattahi, Maryam Beheshtian, Ariana Kariminejad, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Hossein Najmabadi, Shahriar Nafissi
The calcium channel, voltage-dependent, L-type, alpha 1S subunit (CACNA1S) gene encodes a skeletal Ca2+ channel which is involved in calcium-dependent processes such as muscle contraction and neurotransmitter release. Mutations in this gene have been accompanied by hypo- and normokalemic periodic paralysis, thyrotoxic periodic paralysis, and susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia. We report the clinical and genetic findings in a patient diagnosed with metabolic myopathy who had episodic attacks of muscle pain and weakness but with no family background of the disease...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037659/the-accuracy-of-wide-field-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-localizing-extraocular-rectus-muscle-insertions-in-strabismus-reoperations
#7
Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Vahideh Manuchehri, Mohammad Reza Akbari
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of widefield ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) with mechanical intraoperative measurements of the distance between rectus muscle insertions and the corneal limbus in strabismus reoperations. METHODS: Subjects with a history of horizontal rectus muscle surgery who required further surgery on horizontal rectus muscle(s) were recruited prospectively. All widefield UBM measurements were carried out under topical anesthesia using a 50 MHz linear probe without immersion cup and external caliper...
December 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916975/flaxseed-oil-supplementation-improve-gene-expression-levels-of-ppar-%C3%AE-lp-a-il-1-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#8
Ali Akbar Hashemzadeh, Nikoo Nasoohi, Fariba Raygan, Esmat Aghadavod, Elmira Akbari, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
This study was carried out to determine the effects of flaxseed oil administration on gene expression levels related to insulin, lipid and inflammation in overweight diabetic patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 diabetic patients with CHD. Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups to intake either 1000 mg n-3 fatty acid from flaxseed oil containing 400 mg α-Linolenic acid [ALA (18:3n-3)] (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) twice a day for 12 weeks...
November 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913515/paradoxical-head-tilt-in-unilateral-traumatic-superior-oblique-palsy
#9
Mohammad Reza Akbari, Reza Bayat, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Reza Mirshahi
PURPOSE: We report a patient with abnormal head posture following ocular blunt trauma. METHODS: This is report of a case that despite findings compatible with diagnosis of left superior oblique (SO) palsy, the patient acquired an ipsilateral (left) head tilt. The interesting observation in our patient was reduction of left hypertropia and consequent less diplopia with ipsilateral head tilt. RESULTS: After blunt trauma, our patient adopted paradoxical left head tilt and consequently less diplopia despite acquired left SO palsy...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875319/kisspeptin-expression-features-in-the-arcuate-and-anteroventral-periventricular-nuclei-of-hypothalamus-of-letrozole-induced-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-rats
#10
Elham Aliabadi, Mohammad Reza Namavar, Keywan Mortezaee, Heidar Toolee, Sara Keshtgar, Hossein Mirkhani, Mohammad Akbari, Tayebeh Rastegar, Somayeh Solhjoo
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder of the reproductive system characterized by polycystic ovaries and androgen excess. Letrozole is a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor that is used in experimental research to induce PCOS. Kisspeptin is an essential protein in regulation of cyclicity. Kisspeptin receptor is expressed in the hypothalamus and pituitary glands, and kisspeptin containing neurons are affected from sex steroid hormones. We aimed to investigate the number of kisspeptin-positive cells in the arcuate (Arc) and anteroventral periventricular nuclei (AVPV) of hypothalamus in the letrozole-induced PCOS...
November 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865413/correlation-of-serum-levels-of-il-33-il-37-soluble-form-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptor-2-vegfr2-and-circulatory-frequency-of-vegfr2-expressing-cells-with-multiple-sclerosis-severity
#11
Ebrahim Kouchaki, Omid Reza Tamtaji, Ehsan Dadgostar, Mohammad Karami, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Hossein Akbari
IL-33 and IL-37 (new cytokines of IL-1 family), soluble form of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (sVEGFR2) as well as membranous expression of VEGFR2 have some key roles in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to correlate circulatory changes of these factors with the severity of multiple sclerosis (MS) as an autoimmune and inflammatory disease. Our case-control study was performed on 84 patients with MS and 75 healthy subjects. The serum levels of IL-33, IL-37 and sVEGFR2 in the peripheral blood samples of all participants were measured by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA)...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857238/the-diversity-in-the-expression-profile-of-caveolin-ii-transcripts-considering-its-new-transcript-in-breast-cancer
#12
Ariana Mehdi, Nasibeh Arabi, Majid Pornour, Hajar Vaseghi, Shahla Mohammad Ganji, Mohammad Reza Alivand, Maryam Salari, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari
Most studies have revealed the effects of caveolins in cancer inhibition. However, due to a lack of reports about their new transcripts, their presence and their effects on different cancers are unclear. This study was conducted to evaluate the cavolin-2(cav-2) transcripts expression changes in tumoral and corresponding tissues and in contralateral breast, to investigate their variation associated with the variation of caveolin-1 (cav-1) expression in breast cancer. There were 40 breast-derived tumoral, corresponding and contralateral tissues obtained from the patients with breast cancer...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845406/in-vitro-hb-production-in-b-thalassemia-patients-is-not-a-predictor-of-clinical-responsiveness-to-hydroxyurea
#13
Mohammad Reza Mahdavi, Farzin Pourfarzad, Mehrnoush Kosaryan, Mohammad Taghi Akbari
BACKGROUND: The hematologic response to hydroxyurea (HU) is varied among β-thalassemia (BT) patients. The BCL11A and SOX6 genes are involved in response to HU. This study aimed to investigate the in-vitro responsiveness of HU among BT major patients homozygote for IVSII-1G>A mutation and XmnI single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in order to find whether the in-vitro Hb concentration is a predictor of clinical (HU) responsiveness. METHODS: In this case-control study, twenty BT patients homozygote for IVSII-1G>A mutation and XmnI SNP from Thalassemia Research Center, Sari, Iran in 2015 were selected and categorized into two groups of 10 Responder (R) and 10 Non-Responder (NR) according to their clinical HU response...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710505/application-of-human-acellular-breast-dermal-matrix-abdm-in-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-an-experimental-study
#14
Nahid Nafisi, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Fatemeh Mahjoub, Mohammad Javad Mohseni, Shabnam Sabetkish, Reza Khorramirouz, Mona Tehrani, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
BACKGROUND: The use of acellular dermal matrices (ABDM) has become more common for breast reconstruction to improve postoperative outcomes. We evaluated the efficacy of breast reconstruction by the application of human ABDM in a sheep model. METHODS: The sheep in group I (GI) (N = 4) underwent the following procedures on the right side: (1) breast reconstruction using human ABDM after total mastectomy, (2) human ABDM under the skin, near the breast area and on the left side, (3) fat injection and human ABDM after partial mastectomy, and (4) replacement of ABDM in the abdominal wall far from the breast...
July 14, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626825/phace-s-syndrome-report-of-a-case-with-new-ocular-and-systemic-manifestations
#15
Raheleh Assari, Vahid Ziaee, Sasan Moghimi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
PURPOSE: To describe an infant with PHACE(S) syndrome [posterior fossa anomalies (P), hemangiomas (H), arterial anomalies (A), cardiac abnormalities and coarctation of aorta (C), eye abnormalities (E), and the sternal defects (S)] with unusual strabismus, congenital glaucoma, and new systemic manifestations. METHODS: A 6-month-old girl was referred with large hemangiomas on the left side of the face. RESULTS: In the ocular examination, right esotropia and hypotropia, and limitation of elevation in adduction in the right eye were seen...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511382/rapid-identification-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-clinical-isolates-using-a-sugar-fermentation-method
#16
Javad Raeisi, Mahnaz Saifi, Mohammad Reza Pourshafie, Mehri Habibi, Hamid Reza Mohajerani, Neda Akbari, Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam
INTRODUCTION: Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE) can be found all over the world. Thus, rapid detection of the isolates could be of high importance in the treatment or prevention of the associated disease. AIM: To measure the turanose fermentation in Enterococcus faecalis clinical isolates for rapid differentiation of VRE and Vancomycin-Susceptible E. faecalis (VSE) isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty E. faecalis samples were isolated from 200 clinical samples in Tehran Medical Center, Iran, from October 2012 to December 2012...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484526/spinal-injury-resulting-from-car-accident-focus-to-prevention
#17
Esmaeil Fakharian, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh, Hamid Reza Saberi, Mohammad Reza Fazel, Mohsen Rejali, Hossein Akbari, Azadeh Sadat Mirzadeh, Javad Mohammadzadeh
AIM: To determine and compare the patterns of spinal injury in car occupants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study enrolling all patients with spinal fracture after car accidents, who were admitted to hospital more than 24 h during 2004-2009. RESULTS: The lumbosacral spine was the most commonly involved region (64.8). Six patients had spinal cord injury (6.6%). The majority of the victims were drivers of the vehicle (86...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469951/functional-foods-and-their-role-in-cancer-prevention-and-health-promotion-a-comprehensive-review
#18
REVIEW
Mohammad Aghajanpour, Mohamad Reza Nazer, Zia Obeidavi, Mohsen Akbari, Parya Ezati, Nasroallah Moradi Kor
Following cardiovascular disease, cancer is the second leading cause of death in most affluent countries. The 13.3 million new cases of cancer in 2010 were predicted to cost US$ 290 billion, but the total costs were expected to increases to US$ 458 billion in the year 2030 on basis of World Economic Forum in 2011. More than half of all cancer cases and deaths worldwide are consider being preventable. From its inception, the disease control priorities series has focused attention on delivering efficacious health interventions that can result in dramatic reductions in mortality and disability at relatively modest cost...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430010/prolonged-injectable-formulation-of-nafarelin-using-in-situ-gel-combination-delivery-system
#19
Behnoush Alizadeh, Nika Bahari Javan, Hamid Akbari Javar, Mohammad Reza Khoshayand, Farid Dorkoosh
The principal purpose of the present study was to prepare and characterize a complex drug delivery system consisting of Nafarelin-poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanoparticles (NPs) in combination with sodium alginate/poloxamer 407 in situ gel. Nafarelin-loaded PHBV NPs were prepared via double emulsion solvent evaporation technique. Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology was utilized to optimize NPs. Mean particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), entrapment efficiency (EE), and drug loading (DL) of the optimized NPs were measured...
May 5, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407657/the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-e-co-supplementation-on-indices-of-insulin-resistance-and-hormonal-parameters-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Mansooreh Samimi, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Mehri Jamilian, Hossein Akbari, Elham Rahmani, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
This study was conducted to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on indices of insulin resistance and hormonal parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was done on 68 women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria aged 18-40 years old. Participants were randomly assigned into 2 groups to receive either 1 000 mg omega-3 fatty acids from flaxseed oil containing 400 mg α-Linolenic acid plus 400 IU vitamin E supplements (n=34) or placebo (n=34) for 12 weeks...
June 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
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