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resisted sprint training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633001/impact-of-4-weeks-of-interval-training-on-resting-metabolic-rate-fitness-and-health-related-outcomes
#1
Matthew M Schubert, Holly E Clarke, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain
PURPOSE: Resting metabolic rate (RMR) and substrate oxidation (RER) are important indicators of health. The effects of interval training on RMR have not been thoroughly investigated, which was the purpose of the present study. METHODS: Thirty men and women (mean ± SD age and VO2max: 28.8 ± 7.6 yrs and 33.0 ± 8.3 mL∙kg-1∙min-1) completed 4 weeks of Wingate-based sprint interval training (SIT), repeated 1-minute high-intensity intervals (HIIT), or served as controls (CON)...
June 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630577/effects-of-high-velocity-elastic-band-versus-heavy-resistance-training-on-hamstring-strength-activation-and-sprint-running-performance
#2
Donatas Janusevicius, Audrius Snieckus, Albertas Skurvydas, Viktoras Silinskas, Eugenijus Trinkunas, Joan Aureli Cadefau, Sigitas Kamandulis
Hamstring muscle injuries occur during high-speed activities, which suggests that muscular strength at high velocities may be more important than maximal strength. This study examined hamstring adaptations to training for maximal strength and for strength at high velocities. Physically active men (n = 25; age, 23.0 ± 3.2 years) were randomly divided into: (1) a resistance training (RT, n = 8) group, which performed high-load, low-velocity concentric-eccentric hamstring contractions; (2) a resistance training concentric (RTC; n = 9) group, which performed high-load, low-velocity concentric-only hamstring contractions; and (3) a high-velocity elastic band training (HVT, n = 8) group, which performed low-load, high-velocity concentric-eccentric hamstring contractions...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557854/short-term-effects-of-resistance-training-modalities-on-performance-measures-in-male-adolescents
#3
P W Winwood, J J Buckley
This study compared the effects of seven weeks of bodyweight, mobility and resistance training programs on strength, power, and sprint times. Thirty-nine male adolescents (aged 14-15 years) were randomly assigned to one of two groups; bodyweight and mobility training (BMT) (n=25) or combined bodyweight, mobility and free weights training (CBT) (n=14). A physical education class (n=23) of similar age constituted a control group (CON). Both training groups performed two bodyweight and mobility training sessions per week and the CBT group performed two additional free-weight resistance exercise training sessions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538294/effects-of-different-combinations-of-strength-power-and-plyometric-training-on-the-physical-performance-of-elite-young-soccer-players
#4
Ronaldo Kobal, Irineu Loturco, Renato Barroso, Saulo Gil, Rogério Cuniyochi, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Hamilton Roschel, Valmor Tricoli
The combination of strength (ST) and plyometric training (PT) has been shown to be effective for improving sport-specific performance. However, there is no consensus about the most effective way to combine these methods in the same training session to produce greater improvements in neuromuscular performance of soccer players. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different combinations of ST and PT sequences on strength, jump, speed, and agility capacities of elite young soccer players...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497283/the-impact-of-resistance-training-on-swimming-performance-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Emmet Crowley, Andrew J Harrison, Mark Lyons
BACKGROUND: The majority of propulsive forces in swimming are produced from the upper body, with strong correlations between upper body strength and sprint performance. There are significant gaps in the literature relating to the impact of resistance training on swimming performance, specifically the transfer to swimming performance. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic literature review are to (1) explore the transfer of resistance-training modalities to swimming performance, and (2) examine the effects of resistance training on technical aspects of swimming...
May 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456149/plasma-chemerin-in-young-untrained-men-association-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-physical-performance-and-response-to-intensive-interval-training
#6
Nejmeddine Ouerghi, Mohamed Kacem Ben Fradj, Marwa Khammassi, Moncef Feki, Naziha Kaabachi, Anissa Bouassida
OBJECTIVES: Chemerin is an adipose tissue-derived adipokine thought to decrease insulin sensitivity and increase cardiometabolic risk. This study aimed to assess the association of chemerin with cardiometabolic risk and physical performance and examine its response to high-intensity interval training (HIIT). METHODS: Eighteen young men have been applied a HIIT program during 8 weeks. Plasma chemerin together with several cardiometabolic factors and physical performance indices were determined before and after the training program...
February 15, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417082/improving-glucose-tolerance-by-muscle-damaging-exercise
#7
Chien-Te Ho, Machiko Otaka, Chia-Hua Kuo
Tissue damage is regarded as an unwanted medical condition to be avoided. However, introducing tolerable tissue damages has been used as a therapeutic intervention in traditional and complementary medicine to cure discomfort and illness. Eccentric exercise is known to cause significant necrosis and insulin resistance of skeletal muscle. The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of muscle damage and blood glucose responses during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) after eccentric training in 21 young participants...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315193/resistance-training-using-different-hypoxic-training-strategies-a-basis-for-hypertrophy-and-muscle-power-development
#8
REVIEW
Belén Feriche, Amador García-Ramos, Antonio J Morales-Artacho, Paulino Padial
The possible muscular strength, hypertrophy, and muscle power benefits of resistance training under environmental conditions of hypoxia are currently being investigated.Nowadays, resistance training in hypoxia constitutes a promising new training strategy for strength and muscle gains. The main mechanisms responsible for these effects seem to be related to increased metabolite accumulation due to hypoxia. However, no data are reported in the literature to describe and compare the efficacy of the different hypertrophic resistance training strategies in hypoxia...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277423/effect-of-an-11-week-in-water-training-program-with-increased-resistance-on-the-swimming-performance-and-the-basic-kinematic-characteristics-of-the-front-crawl-stroke
#9
Vassilios Gourgoulis, Ioannis Valkoumas, Alexia Boli, Nikolaos Aggeloussis, Panagiotis Antoniou
The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of an 11 week in-water training program with increased resistance on the swimming performance and the basic kinematic characteristics of the front crawl stroke in young female swimmers. Twelve swimmers were matched in pairs according to their best performance in 50 m front crawl swimming and then were randomly assigned to an experimental or to a control group. Both groups followed exactly the same swimming training program. The only exception was that the experimental group performed a sprint training section with increased resistance pulling a water parachute, while the control group performed the same section without parachute...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225522/effects-of-three-different-resistance-training-frequencies-on-jump-sprint-and-repeated-sprint-ability-performance-in-professional-futsal-players
#10
Adrián Paz-Franco, Ezequiel Rey, Roberto Barcala-Furelos
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 3 different resistance training frequencies (one strength training session per week (1W), two strength training sessions per week (2W) or one strength training session every second week (0.5W)) on jump, sprint and repeated sprint performance (RSA) in professional futsal players. Thirty-five futsal players were randomized into 1 of 3 groups, the 1W group (n= 12), 2W group (n= 12), or the 0.5W group (n= 11). The players performed the same resistance training during 6 weeks and only training frequency differed between the groups...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135219/neuromuscular-training-improves-movement-competency-and-physical-performance-measures-in-11-13-year-old-female-netball-athletes
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amanda Hopper, Erin E Haff, Oliver R Barley, Christopher Joyce, Rhodri S Lloyd, G Gregory Haff
Hopper, A, Haff, EE, Barley, OR, Joyce, C, Lloyd, RS, and Haff, GG. Neuromuscular training improves movement competency and physical performance measures in 11-13-year-old female netball athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1165-1176, 2017-The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a neuromuscular training (NMT) program on movement competency and measures of physical performance in youth female netball players. It was hypothesized that significant improvements would be found in movement competency and physical performance measures after the intervention...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118678/effect-of-sex-on-the-acute-skeletal-muscle-response-to-sprint-interval-exercise
#12
Lauren E Skelly, Jenna B Gillen, Martin J MacInnis, Brian J Martin, Adeel Safdar, Mahmood Akhtar, Maureen J MacDonald, Mark A Tarnopolsky, Martin J Gibala
What is the central question of this study? Are there sex-based differences in the acute skeletal muscle response to sprint interval training (SIT)? What is the main finding and its importance? In response to a SIT protocol that involved three 20 s bouts of 'all-out' cycling, the expression of multiple genes associated with mitochondrial biogenesis, metabolic control and structural remodelling was largely similar between men and women matched for fitness. Our findings cannot explain previous reports of sex-based differences in the adaptive response to SIT and suggest that the mechanistic basis for these differences remains to be elucidated...
January 24, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116881/a-comparison-of-assisted-resisted-and-common-plyometric-training-modes-to-enhance-sprint-and-agility-performance
#13
Kazem Khodaei, Abbas Mohammadi, Neda Badri
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of assisted, resisted and common plyometric training modes to enhance sprint and agility performance. Thirty active young males (age 20.67±1.12, height 174.83± 4.69, weight 63.45± 7.51) volunteered to participate in this study that twenty-four completed testing. METHODS: The participants were randomly assigned into different groups: assisted, resisted and common plyometric exercises groups. Plyometric training involved three sessions per week for 4 weeks...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096757/effects-of-ingesting-a-pre-workout-dietary-supplement-with-and-without-synephrine-for-8%C3%A2-weeks-on-training-adaptations-in-resistance-trained-males
#14
Y Peter Jung, Conrad P Earnest, Majid Koozehchian, Minye Cho, Nick Barringer, Dillon Walker, Christopher Rasmussen, Mike Greenwood, Peter S Murano, Richard B Kreider
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine whether ingesting a pre-workout dietary supplement (PWS) with and without synephrine (S) during training affects training responses in resistance-trained males. METHODS: Resistance-trained males (N = 80) were randomly assigned to supplement their diet in a double-blind manner with either a flavored placebo (PLA); a PWS containing beta-alanine (3 g), creatine nitrate as a salt (2 g), arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (2 g), N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine (300 mg), caffeine (284 mg), Mucuna pruiriens extract standardized for 15% L-Dopa (15 mg), Vitamin C as Ascorbic Acid (500 mg), niacin (60 mg), folate as folic acid (50 mg), and Vitamin B12 as Methylcobalamin (70 mg); or, the PWS supplement with Citrus aurantium extract containing 20 mg of synephrine (PWS + S) once per day for 8-weeks during training...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051333/optimal-loading-for-maximising-power-during-sled-resisted-sprinting
#15
Matt R Cross, Matt Brughelli, Pierre Samozino, Scott R Brown, Jean-Benoit Morin
Purpose We sought to ascertain whether force-velocity-power relationships could be compiled from a battery of sled-resisted over-ground sprints, and to clarify and compare the optimal loading conditions for maximising power production for different athlete cohorts. Methods Recreational mixed-sport athletes (n=12) and sprinters (n=15) performed multiple trials of maximal sprints unloaded and towing a selection of sled masses (20-120% body-mass). Velocity data were collected by sports radar, and kinetics at peak velocity were quantified using friction coefficients and aerodynamic drag...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896682/methods-of-power-force-velocity-profiling-during-sprint-running-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Matt R Cross, Matt Brughelli, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoit Morin
The ability of the human body to generate maximal power is linked to a host of performance outcomes and sporting success. Power-force-velocity relationships characterize limits of the neuromuscular system to produce power, and their measurement has been a common topic in research for the past century. Unfortunately, the narrative of the available literature is complex, with development occurring across a variety of methods and technology. This review focuses on the different equipment and methods used to determine mechanical characteristics of maximal exertion human sprinting...
November 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893482/effects-of-sprint-training-with-and-without-weighted-vest-on-speed-and-repeated-sprint-ability-in-male-soccer-players
#17
Ezequiel Rey, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Diego Fernández-Penedo
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect resisted sprint training using weighted vests (WV) compared with unresisted sprint training (US) on physical fitness (countermovement jump, 10 m sprint, 30 m sprint and repeated sprint ability (RSA)) in amateur male soccer players. 19 soccer players (age: 23.7±4.5 years; height: 178.3±5.8 cm; body mass: 72.9±5.2 kg) were randomly assigned to a WV (n= 10) or a US (n= 9) group. The intervention program had to be carried out 2 times a week over 6 weeks. The only difference between the two interventions was that the WV group performed all the sprints with an additional weight of 18...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857693/heavy-resistance-training-in-hypoxia-enhances-1rm-squat-performance
#18
Mathew W H Inness, François Billaut, Emily J Walker, Aaron C Petersen, Alice J Sweeting, Robert J Aughey
Purpose: To determine if heavy resistance training in hypoxia (IHRT) is more effective at improving strength, power, and increasing lean mass than the same training in normoxia. Methods: A pair-matched, placebo-controlled study design included 20 resistance-trained participants assigned to IHRT (FIO2 0.143) or placebo (FIO2 0.20), (n = 10 per group). Participants were matched for strength and training. Both groups performed 20 sessions over 7 weeks either with IHRT or placebo. All participants were tested for 1RM, 20-m sprint, body composition, and countermovement jump pre-, mid-, and post-training and compared via magnitude-based inferences...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843418/effects-of-acute-carbohydrate-ingestion-on-anaerobic-exercise-performance
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ben M Krings, Jaden A Rountree, Matthew J McAllister, Patrick M Cummings, Timothy J Peterson, Brent J Fountain, JohnEric W Smith
BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation during endurance exercises has been shown to increase performance, but there is limited research with CHO supplementation during strength and conditioning exercises. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of various levels of CHO ingestion during acute testing sessions requiring participants to complete a strength and conditioning program designed for collegiate athletes. METHODS: Participants (n = 7) performed a series of exercises while ingesting an amino-acid electrolyte control (CON) or CON plus varying levels of CHO...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834560/very-heavy-sled-training-for-improving-horizontal-force-output-in-soccer-players
#20
Jean-Benoît Morin, George Petrakos, Pedro Jimenez-Reyes, Scott R Brown, Pierre Samozino, Matt R Cross
Sprint running acceleration is a key feature of physical performance in team sports, and recent literature shows that the ability to generate large magnitudes of horizontal ground reaction force and mechanical effectiveness of force application are paramount. We tested the hypothesis that very-heavy loaded sled sprint training would induce an improvement in horizontal force production, via an increased effectiveness of application. Training-induced changes in sprint performance and mechanical outputs were computed using a field method based on velocity-time data, before and after an 8-week protocol (16 sessions of 10x20-m sprints)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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