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resisted sprint training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902118/concurrent-training-followed-by-detraining-does-the-resistance-training-intensity-matter
#1
António C Sousa, Daniel A Marinho, Maria H Gil, Mikel Izquierdo, David Rodríguez-Rosell, Henrique P Neiva, Mário C Marques
The aim of the present study was to analyze the training and detraining effects of concurrent aerobic training and resistance training against three different external loads on strength and aerobic variables. Thirty-two men were randomly assigned to four groups: low-load (LLG, n=9), moderate-load (MLG, n=9), high-load (HLG, n=8), and control group (CG, n=6). Resistance training consisted of FS with a low-load (40-55% 1RM), a moderate-load (55-70% 1RM) or a high-load (70-85% 1RM) combined with jump and sprint exercises...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902107/reliability-of-the-maximal-resisted-sprint-load-test-and-relationships-with-performance-measures-and-anthropometric-profile-in-female-field-sport-athletes
#2
George Petrakos, Nicola C Tynan, Adam M Vallely-Farrell, Cillian Kiely, Abdelhak Boudhar, Brendan Egan
Resisted sled sprint (RSS) training is an effective modality for the improvement of linear sprint speed. Previous methods of RSS load prescription e.g. an absolute load or as a percentage of body mass (%BM), do not account for inter-individual differences in strength, power or speed characteristics, although the 'maximum resisted sled load' (MRSL) method of RSS load prescription may provide a solution. MRSL is defined as the final RSS load before an athlete can no longer accelerate between two phases (10-15 m and 15-20 m) of a 20 m linear sprint...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892463/effect-of-different-velocity-loss-thresholds-during-a-power-oriented-resistance-training-program-on-the-mechanical-capacities-of-lower-body-muscles
#3
Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Amador García-Ramos, Paulino Padial, Antonio J Morales-Artacho, Belén Feriche
This study compared the effects of two velocity loss thresholds during a power-oriented resistance training program on the mechanical capacities of lower-body muscles. Twenty men were counterbalanced in two groups (VL10 and VL20) based on their maximum power capacity. Both groups used the same exercises, relative intensity and repetition volume, only differing in the velocity loss threshold of each set (VL10: 10% vs. VL20: 20%). Pre- and post-training assessments included an incremental loading test and a 15-m linear sprint to assess the force- and load-velocity relationships and athletic performance variables, respectively...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857909/affective-adaptation-to-repeated-sit-and-mict-protocols-in-insulin-resistant-subjects
#4
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Nummenmaa, Mikko Koivumäki, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate affective responses to repeated sessions of sprint interval training (SIT) in comparison with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in insulin resistant subjects. METHODS: Twenty-six insulin resistant adults (age: 49 (4) years, 10 women) were randomized into SIT (n=13) or MICT (n=13) groups. Subjects completed six supervised training sessions within 2 weeks (SIT session: 4-6 × 30 s all-out cycling/4-min recovery; MICT session: 40-60 min at 60% peak work load)...
August 29, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846611/high-intensity-exercise-can-it-protect-you-from-a-fast-food-diet
#5
Christian Duval, Marc-Antoine Rouillier, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Antony D Karelis
The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of high intensity exercise to counteract the deleterious effects of a fast food diet on the cardiometabolic profile of young healthy men. Fifteen men were subjected to an exclusive fast food diet from a popular fast food restaurant chain (three extra value meals/day + optional snack) for 14 consecutive days. Simultaneously, participants were asked to perform each day high intensity interval training (HIIT) (15 × 60 sec sprint intervals (~90% of maximal heart rate)) on a treadmill...
August 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800636/combined-sprint-and-resistance-training-abrogates-age-differences-in-somatotropic-hormones
#6
Maha Sellami, Wissem Dhahbi, Lawrence D Hayes, Johnny Padulo, Fatma Rhibi, Hanen Djemail, Anis Chaouachi
The aim of this investigation was to compare serum growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in response to a combined sprint and resistance training (CSRT) program in young and middle-aged men.Thirty-eight healthy, moderately trained men participated in this study. Young and middle-aged men were randomly assigned to, a young training group (YT = 10, 21.4±1.2yrs) ora young control group (YC = 9, 21.6±1.8 yrs), a middle-aged training group (MAT = 10, 40...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777244/the-effect-of-a-sprint-interval-and-resistance-concurrent-exercise-training-program-on-aerobic-capacity-of-inactive-adult-women
#7
Lorena Salom Huffman, Shelby J Foote, Hayden Hyatt, James R McDonald, Danielle D Wadsworth, David D Pascoe
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of high-intensity concurrent exercise training (CET) consisting of sprint intervals (SIT) and resistance exercise (RET) protocols on aerobic capacity in recreationally active, adult females. Fifty-three participants were pair-matched according to preliminary maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) Bruce protocol assessment into level-grade (SIT0) or 6% incline (SIT6) groups. This 12-week intervention consisted of three CET sessions per week. SIT protocol consisted of 2 (weeks 1-6) then 3 (weeks 7-12) sets of three 40s sprints at specific intensities to evoke responses equivalent to 95% of age-predicted maximal heart rate (HR) interspersed with 20s of rest; with 1-minute of passive recovery between sets...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737609/the-effects-of-supplementary-low-load-blood-flow-restriction-training-on-morphological-and-performance-based-adaptations-in-team-sport-athletes
#8
Brendan R Scott, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Paul S R Goods
Scott, BR, Peiffer, JJ, and Goods, PSR. The effects of supplementary low-load blood flow restriction training on morphological and performance-based adaptations in team sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2147-2154, 2017-Low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) may be a method to enhance muscular development even in trained athletes. This study aimed to assess whether supplemental low-load BFR training can improve muscle size, strength, and physical performance characteristics in team sport athletes...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723812/effects-of-12-weeks-resistance-training-on-sprint-and-jump-performance-in-competitive-adolescent-rugby-union-players
#9
Simon K Harries, David R Lubans, Anthony Buxton, Thomas H J MacDougall, Robin Callister
Sprint performance is an important characteristic for success in many sports, including rugby union. Resistance training is used to increase muscular fitness (i.e. strength, endurance and power) and may also be effective for improving sprint and jump performances. The aims of this study were to examine the effects of resistance training using two different periodized programs (linear and daily undulating) on sprint and jump performance and explore relationships between performance measures. Sixteen male (16...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716692/the-fatigue-of-a-full-body-resistance-exercise-session-in-trained-men
#10
Paul W M Marshall, Rebecca Cross, Michael Haynes
OBJECTIVES: We examined the fatigue and recovery for 48h following a full-body resistance exercise session in trained men. DESIGN: Experimental cross-sectional study. METHODS: Eight resistance trained men volunteered to participate (mean±SD; age 27.0±6.0 years, height 1.79±0.05m, weight 81.8±6.8kg, training experience 7.8±5.0 years). Fatigue and pain was measured before, after, 1h post, 24h and 48h post the full-body resistance exercise session, which was based on in-season models used in contact team sports (e...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713281/effectiveness-of-traditional-strength-vs-power-training-on-muscle-strength-power-and-speed-with-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
David G Behm, James D Young, Joseph H D Whitten, Jonathan C Reid, Patrick J Quigley, Jonathan Low, Yimeng Li, Camila D Lima, Daniel D Hodgson, Anis Chaouachi, Olaf Prieske, Urs Granacher
Numerous national associations and multiple reviews have documented the safety and efficacy of strength training for children and adolescents. The literature highlights the significant training-induced increases in strength associated with youth strength training. However, the effectiveness of youth strength training programs to improve power measures is not as clear. This discrepancy may be related to training and testing specificity. Most prior youth strength training programs emphasized lower intensity resistance with relatively slow movements...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662108/short-term-adaptations-following-complex-training-in-team-sports-a-meta-analysis
#12
Tomás T Freitas, Alejandro Martinez-Rodriguez, Julio Calleja-González, Pedro E Alcaraz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to study the short-term adaptations on sprint and vertical jump (VJ) performance following Complex Training (CT) in team-sports. CT is a resistance training method aimed at developing both strength and power, which has a direct effect on sprint and VJ. It consists on alternating heavy resistance training exercises with plyometric/power ones, set for set, on the same workout. METHODS: A search of electronic databases up to July 2016 (PubMed-MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Web of Knowledge) was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661773/in-water-resisted-swim-training-for-age-group-swimmers-an-evaluation-of-training-effects
#13
Kosuke Kojima, Christopher L Brammer, Tyler D Sossong, Takashi Abe, Joel M Stager
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of resisted sprint swim training (RST) to that of unresisted sprint swim training (ST) on 50-meter freestyle competition time (VMAX50) in age-group swimmers. METHODS: Twenty-four age-group swimmers (age 10.6-14.9 years) were divided into RST or ST and completed a sprint swim training intervention twice per week for ten weeks. Repeated 10-meter sprints with progressively increasing resistance were used to determine measures of swim power...
June 29, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657791/selective-changes-on-the-mechanical-capacities-of-lower-body-muscles-after-a-cycle-ergometer-sprint-training-against-heavy-and-light-resistances
#14
Amador García-Ramos, Alejandro Torrejón, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Antonio J Morales-Artacho, Slobodan Jaric
PURPOSE: This study explored the feasibility of the linear force-velocity (F-V) modelling approach to detect selective changes of the F-V parameters (i.e., maximum force [F0], maximum velocity [V0], F-V slope [a], and maximum power [P0]) following a sprint training program. METHODS: Twenty-seven men were randomly assigned to a heavy load group (HLG), light load group (LLG), or control group (CG). The training sessions (6 weeks × 2 sessions per week) comprised performing eight maximal effort sprints against either heavy (HLG) or light (LLG) resistances in the leg cycle ergometer exercise...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654503/effectiveness-of-functional-power-training-on-walking-ability-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy-study-protocol-of-a-double-baseline-trial
#15
Liesbeth F van Vulpen, Sonja de Groot, Eugene A A Rameckers, Jules G Becher, Annet J Dallmeijer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of functional high-velocity resistance (power) training to improve walking ability of young children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Twenty-two children with bi- or unilateral spastic cerebral palsy, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I and II, aged 4 to 10 years will be recruited. A double-baseline design will be used to compare a 14-week functional power training (3 times a week) program with a 14-week usual care period and a 14-week follow-up period...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633001/impact-of-4-weeks-of-interval-training-on-resting-metabolic-rate-fitness-and-health-related-outcomes
#16
Matthew M Schubert, Holly E Clarke, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain
Resting metabolic rate (RMR) and substrate oxidation (respiratory exchange ratio; RER) are important indicators of health. The effects of interval training on RMR have not been thoroughly investigated, which was the purpose of the present study. Thirty men and women (mean ± SD age and maximal oxygen uptake: 28.8 ± 7.6 years and 33.0 ± 8.3 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) completed 4 weeks of Wingate-based sprint interval training (SIT), repeated 1-min high-intensity intervals (HIIT), or served as controls. Before and after training, RMR, resting RER, maximal oxygen uptake, body composition, physical activity, and energy intake were recorded...
June 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630577/effects-of-high-velocity-elastic-band-versus-heavy-resistance-training-on-hamstring-strength-activation-and-sprint-running-performance
#17
Donatas Janusevicius, Audrius Snieckus, Albertas Skurvydas, Viktoras Silinskas, Eugenijus Trinkunas, Joan Aureli Cadefau, Sigitas Kamandulis
Hamstring muscle injuries occur during high-speed activities, which suggests that muscular strength at high velocities may be more important than maximal strength. This study examined hamstring adaptations to training for maximal strength and for strength at high velocities. Physically active men (n = 25; age, 23.0 ± 3.2 years) were randomly divided into: (1) a resistance training (RT, n = 8) group, which performed high-load, low-velocity concentric-eccentric hamstring contractions; (2) a resistance training concentric (RTC; n = 9) group, which performed high-load, low-velocity concentric-only hamstring contractions; and (3) a high-velocity elastic band training (HVT, n = 8) group, which performed low-load, high-velocity concentric-eccentric hamstring contractions...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557854/short-term-effects-of-resistance-training-modalities-on-performance-measures-in-male-adolescents
#18
P W Winwood, J J Buckley
This study compared the effects of seven weeks of bodyweight, mobility and resistance training programs on strength, power, and sprint times. Thirty-nine male adolescents (aged 14-15 years) were randomly assigned to one of two groups; bodyweight and mobility training (BMT) (n=25) or combined bodyweight, mobility and free weights training (CBT) (n=14). A physical education class (n=23) of similar age constituted a control group (CON). Both training groups performed two bodyweight and mobility training sessions per week and the CBT group performed two additional free-weight resistance exercise training sessions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538294/effects-of-different-combinations-of-strength-power-and-plyometric-training-on-the-physical-performance-of-elite-young-soccer-players
#19
Ronaldo Kobal, Irineu Loturco, Renato Barroso, Saulo Gil, Rogério Cuniyochi, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Hamilton Roschel, Valmor Tricoli
The combination of strength (ST) and plyometric training (PT) has been shown to be effective for improving sport-specific performance. However, there is no consensus about the most effective way to combine these methods in the same training session to produce greater improvements in neuromuscular performance of soccer players. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different combinations of ST and PT sequences on strength, jump, speed, and agility capacities of elite young soccer players...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497283/the-impact-of-resistance-training-on-swimming-performance-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Emmet Crowley, Andrew J Harrison, Mark Lyons
BACKGROUND: The majority of propulsive forces in swimming are produced from the upper body, with strong correlations between upper body strength and sprint performance. There are significant gaps in the literature relating to the impact of resistance training on swimming performance, specifically the transfer to swimming performance. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic literature review are to (1) explore the transfer of resistance-training modalities to swimming performance, and (2) examine the effects of resistance training on technical aspects of swimming...
May 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
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