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1,5-Anhydroglucitol

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802636/the-effect-of-basal-bolus-therapy-varies-with-baseline-1-5-anhydroglucitol-level-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-post-hoc-analysis
#1
Simon Heller, Keith Bowering, Philip Raskin, Andreas Liebl, Kristine Buchholtz, Anders Gorst-Rasmussen, Thomas R Pieber
AIMS: To investigate the impact of baseline 1,5-anhydroglucitol on the treatment effect of basal-bolus therapy in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of onset 3, an 18-week, randomized, phase 3 trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of fast-acting insulin aspart in basal-bolus therapy (n = 116) vs. basal insulin-only therapy (n = 120) in people with Type 2 diabetes. The estimated treatment difference in change from baseline in HbA1c was investigated for different cut-off values of baseline 1,5-anhydroglucitol (2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 μg/ml)...
May 26, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753232/traditional-and-nontraditional-glycemic-markers-and-risk-of-peripheral-artery-disease-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#2
Ning Ding, Lucia Kwak, Shoshana H Ballew, Bernard Jaar, Ron C Hoogeveen, Christie M Ballantyne, A Richey Sharrett, Aaron R Folsom, Gerardo Heiss, Maya Salameh, Josef Coresh, Alan T Hirsch, Elizabeth Selvin, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Traditional glycemic markers, fasting glucose and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), predict incident peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, it is unknown whether nontraditional glycemic markers, fructosamine, glycated albumin, and 1,5-anhydroglucitol, are associated with PAD and whether these glycemic markers demonstrate particularly strong associations with severe PAD, critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: We quantified the associations of these five glycemic markers with incident PAD (hospitalizations with PAD diagnosis or leg revascularization) in 11,634 ARIC participants using Cox regression models...
July 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741558/effect-of-a-high-egg-diet-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-diabetes-and-egg-diabegg-study-randomized-weight-loss-and-follow-up-phase
#3
Nicholas R Fuller, Amanda Sainsbury, Ian D Caterson, Gareth Denyer, Mackenzie Fong, James Gerofi, Chloris Leung, Namson S Lau, Kathryn H Williams, Andrzej S Januszewski, Alicia J Jenkins, Tania P Markovic
Background: Some country guidelines recommend that people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) limit their consumption of eggs and cholesterol. Our previously published 3-mo weight-maintenance study showed that a high-egg (≥12 eggs/wk) diet compared with a low-egg diet (<2 eggs/wk) did not have adverse effects on cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with T2D. Objective: The current study follows the previously published 3-mo weight-maintenance study and assessed the effects of the high-egg compared with the low-egg diets as part of a 3-mo weight-loss period, followed by a 6-mo follow-up period for a total duration of 12 mo...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674323/hemoglobin-a-1c-accurately-predicts-continuous-glucose-monitoring-derived-average-glucose-in-youth-and-young-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#4
Christine L Chan, Emma Hope, Jessica Thurston, Timothy Vigers, Laura Pyle, Philip S Zeitler, Kristen J Nadeau
OBJECTIVE: In cystic fibrosis (CF), HbA1c is thought to underestimate glycemia. However, few studies have directly assessed the relationship between HbA1c and average glucose in CF. We determined the relationships among glycemic markers-HbA1c , fructosamine (FA), glycated albumin (%GA), and 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG)-and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in CF, hypothesizing that alternate markers would better predict average sensor glucose (ASG) than HbA1c . RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: CF participants and a group of healthy control subjects (HC), ages 6-25 years, wore CGM for up to 7 days...
April 19, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620435/beyond-self-monitored-plasma-glucose-and-hba1c-the-role-of-non-traditional-glycaemic-markers-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Neuza Mendes, Rogério Tavares Ribeiro, Fátima Serrano
Strict glycaemic management is the cornerstone of metabolic control in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Current monitoring standards involve self-monitoring plasma glucose (SMBG) and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). However, both have important limitations. SMBG only reflects instantaneous blood glucose and the inconvenience of self-collecting blood frequently results in poor compliance. HbA1c provides information on blood glucose levels from the previous 2 to 3 months and it is influenced by iron-deficient states, common during pregnancy...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506141/assessing-the-associations-of-blood-metabolites-with-osteoporosis-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#6
Li Liu, Yan Wen, Lei Zhang, Peng Xu, Xiao Liang, Yanan Du, Ping Li, Awen He, QianRui Fan, Jingcan Hao, Wenyu Wang, Xiong Guo, Hui Shen, Qing Tian, Feng Zhang, Hong-Wen Deng
Context: Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease. The effect of blood metabolites on the development of osteoporosis remains elusive. Objective: To explore the relationship between blood metabolites and osteoporosis. Design and Methods: We used 2286 unrelated white subjects for the discovery samples and 3143 unrelated white subjects from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) for the replication samples. The bone mineral density (BMD) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466711/colorimetric-detection-of-1-5-anhydroglucitol-based-on-graphene-quantum-dots-and-enzyme-catalyzed-reaction
#7
Zhide Zhou, Le Zhao, Zhihong Wang, Wen Xue, Yunxiao Wang, Yong Huang, Jintao Liang, Jiejing Chen, Guiyin Li
Early diagnosis of diabetes yields significant clinical benefits. The serum level of 1,5‑anhydroglucitol (1,5‑AG) has been a new biochemical marker for postprandial hyperglycemia. In this study, a simple colorimetric method for 1,5‑AG detection has been designed based on highly efficient peroxidase mimetic activity of GQDs and enzyme-catalyzed reaction. By the catalytic action of pyranose oxidase (PROD), the 1,5‑AG was oxidized to 1,5‑anhydrofuctose and H2 O2 . The GQDs in the presence of H2 O2 exhibited highly efficient catalytic activity toward the oxidation of 3, 3', 5, 5'‑tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to a blue colored product...
June 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436378/establishment-of-community-based-reference-intervals-for-fructosamine-glycated-albumin-and-1-5-anhydroglucitol
#8
Elizabeth Selvin, Bethany Warren, Xintong He, David B Sacks, Amy K Saenger
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in fructosamine, glycated albumin, and 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) as alternative measures of hyperglycemia, particularly for use in settings where traditional measures (glucose and HbA1c) are problematic or where intermediate (2-4 weeks) glycemic control is of interest. However, reference intervals for these alternative biomarkers are not established. METHODS: We measured fructosamine, glycated albumin, and 1,5-AG in a community-based sample of US black and white adults who participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study...
May 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416575/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mini-low-carbohydrate-diet-and-an-energy-controlled-diet-among-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Masayo Kimura, Yoshinobu Kondo, Kazutaka Aoki, Jun Shirakawa, Hiroshi Kamiyama, Kazunari Kamiko, Shigeru Nakajima, Yasuo Terauchi
Background: Low-carbohydrate diets have been shown to effectively improve the metabolic status of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, patients may find it challenging to maintain a strict low-carbohydrate diet. The objective of this study was to determine if a one-meal, low-carbohydrate diet is as effective in improving metabolic status as a conventional, energy-restricted diet among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: In this 12-week randomized controlled study, the primary endpoint was differences in the changes of plasma glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels between the two experimental groups...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371234/disordered-eating-behaviors-are-not-increased-by-an-intervention-to-improve-diet-quality-but-are-associated-with-poorer-glycemic-control-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes
#10
Miriam H Eisenberg Colman, Virginia M Quick, Leah M Lipsky, Katherine W Dempster, Aiyi Liu, Lori M B Laffel, Sanjeev N Mehta, Tonja R Nansel
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether participation in an 18-month behavioral intervention shown previously to improve overall diet quality inadvertently increases disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) in youth with type 1 diabetes and investigates the association of DEB with multiple measures of glycemic control and variability. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants reported DEB and diabetes management at baseline and 6, 12, and 18 months; masked continuous glucose monitoring, HbA1c , and 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) were obtained concurrently...
April 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328940/first-trimester-serum-biomarkers-to-predict-gestational-diabetes-in-a-high-risk-cohort-striving-for-clinically-useful-thresholds
#11
Siobhan M Corcoran, Natalie Achamallah, John O' Loughlin, Philip Stafford, Pat Dicker, Fergal D Malone, Fionnuala Breathnach
OBJECTIVES: Screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM) has been a source of controversy. The prevalence has increased in line with an obesity epidemic and a trend towards delayed child-bearing. Treatment of even modest glycaemic impairment in pregnancy has been shown to be beneficial in preventing its clinical sequalae. However the cumbersome nature and timing of the oral glucose tolerance test coupled with debate around universal versus risk factor based screening have been problematic...
March 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318370/the-metabolism-and-transport-of-1-5-anhydroglucitol-in-cells
#12
Lingwen Ying, Xiaojing Ma, Jun Yin, Yufei Wang, Xingxing He, Jiahui Peng, Yuqian Bao, Jian Zhou, Weiping Jia
AIMS: Our previous studies demonstrated that serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels increased slightly rather than declined after an acute glucose load. Therefore, the current study aims at exploring the transport and metabolic characteristics of 1,5-AG, as well as the effect of glucose on 1,5-AG transport. METHODS: Km and Vmax were determined to measure the affinity of glucose oxidase (GOD) and hexokinase (HK) for 1,5-AG and glucose. HepG2, C2C12, and primary mouse hepatocytes were incubated for 2 h with 1,5-AG at concentrations of 0, 80, and 160 μg/mL...
March 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279271/challenges-in-diagnosing-and-monitoring-diabetes-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Telma E Silva, Marcelo F Ronsoni, Leonardo L Schiavon
The prevalence and mortality of diabetes mellitus and liver disease have risen in recent years. The liver plays an important role in glucose homeostasis, and various chronic liver diseases have a negative effect on glucose metabolism with the consequent emergence of diabetes. Some aspects related to chronic liver disease can affect diagnostic tools and the monitoring of diabetes and other glucose metabolism disorders, and clinicians must be aware of these limitations in their daily practice. In cirrhotic patients, fasting glucose may be normal in up until 23% of diabetes cases, and glycated hemoglobin provides falsely low results, especially in advanced cirrhosis...
December 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238514/diagnostic-value-of-glycemic-markers-hba1c-1-5-anhydroglucitol-and-glycated-albumin-in-evaluating-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Baris Saglam, Sezer Uysal, Sadik Sozdinler, Omer Erbil Dogan, Banu Onvural
Background: The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is the current established method performed worldwide to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of the use of long- and short-term markers of glycemic status. Methods: The study group was composed of 80 pregnant women, 40 with GDM and 40 with normal glucose tolerance. GDM was diagnosed with the American Diabetes Association criteria. Glycemic markers were measured in the OGTT blood samples of women at 24-28 weeks of gestation...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157245/low-1-5-anhydroglucitol-levels-are-associated-with-long-term-cardiac-mortality-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-with-hemoglobin-a1c-levels-less-than-7-0
#15
Shohei Ouchi, Kazunori Shimada, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Shuhei Takahashi, Yurina Sugita, Megumi Shimizu, Azusa Murata, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Takao Kato, Tatsuro Aikawa, Shoko Suda, Eiryu Sai, Masaru Hiki, Hiroshi Iwata, Takatoshi Kasai, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. High hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, which indicate poor glycemic control, have been associated with occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. There are few parameters which can predict cardiovascular risk in patients with well-controlled diabetes. Low 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are considered a clinical marker of postprandial hyperglycemia. We hypothesized that low 1,5-AG levels could predict long-term mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with relatively low HbA1c levels...
November 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104592/comparative-agreement-analysis-of-differences-in-1-5-anhydroglucitol-glycated-albumin-and-glycated-hemoglobin-a1c-levels-between-fasting-and-postprandial-states-in-steamed-bread-meal-test
#16
Hang Su, Yufei Wang, Xiaojing Ma, Xingxing He, Lingwen Ying, Junling Tang, Lu Dong, Yuqian Bao, Jian Zhou, Weiping Jia
Background: Our previous study indicated that serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels slightly increased after a glucose load; therefore, this study was conducted to explore short-term changes in 1,5-AG levels after a steamed bread meal test (SBMT) and compare the agreement of 1,5-AG, glycated albumin (GA), and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels between fasting and postprandial states after an SBMT. Methods: 104 participants were recruited and underwent a 100 g SBMT...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073616/serum-1-5-anhydroglucitol-risk-factor-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-in-well-controlled-diabetes
#17
Yuji Shiga, Masaru Kuriyama, Yuhei Kanaya, Shinichi Takeshima, Makoto Takemaru, Kazuhiro Takamatsu, Yutaka Shimoe, Yasunori Fujikawa, Masakazu Nishigaki
BACKGROUND: Serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are a measure that provides information on daily glycemic variations. We evaluated whether 1,5-AG could be a possible marker of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) or transient ischemic attacks (TIA) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of 5,294 AIS/TIA patients. Of the 5,294, 1,898 had diabetes and in 1,246, serum 1,5-AG levels were measured (group S)...
2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057494/a-decrease-in-serum-1-5-anhydroglucitol-levels-is-associated-with-the-presence-of-a-first-degree-family-history-of-diabetes-in-a-chinese-population-with-normal-glucose-tolerance
#18
X Hu, X He, X Ma, H Su, L Ying, J Peng, Y Wang, Y Bao, J Zhou, W Jia
AIM: This study aimed to investigate alterations in HbA1c , glycated albumin (GA) and 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) in Chinese first-degree relatives of individuals with diabetes (FDR) in pursuit of an index for early screening of glucose metabolism disturbance. METHODS: A total of 467 participants (age range: 20-78 years) with normal weight and normal glucose tolerance, as determined by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test, were enrolled. HbA1c was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography...
January 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044407/corrigendum-for-1-5-anhydroglucitol-in-saliva-is-a-noninvasive-marker-of-short-term-glycemic-control
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971980/metabolomic-alterations-associated-with-cause-of-ckd
#20
Morgan E Grams, Adrienne Tin, Casey M Rebholz, Tariq Shafi, Anna Köttgen, Ronald D Perrone, Mark J Sarnak, Lesley A Inker, Andrew S Levey, Josef Coresh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Causes of CKD differ in prognosis and treatment. Metabolomic indicators of CKD cause may provide clues regarding the different physiologic processes underlying CKD development and progression. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS & MEASUREMENTS: Metabolites were quantified from serum samples of participants in the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study, a randomized controlled trial of dietary protein restriction and BP control, using untargeted reverse phase ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry quantification...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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