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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776018/voxel-based-morphometry-in-creative-writers-gray-matter-increase-in-a-prefronto-thalamic-cerebellar-network
#1
Nicola Neumann, Martin Domin, Katharina Erhard, Martin Lotze
Continuous practice modulates those features of brain anatomy specifically associated with requirements of the respective training task. The current study aimed to highlight brain structural changes going along with long-term experience in creative writing. To this end, we investigated the gray-matter volume of 23 expert writers with voxel-based morphometry and compared it to 28 matched non-expert controls. Expert writers had higher gray-matter volume in the right superior frontal and middle frontal gyri (BA 9,10) as well as left middle frontal gyrus (BA 9, 10, 46), the bilateral medial dorsal nuclei of the thalamus and left posterior cerebellum...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775548/open-versus-laparoscopic-approach-for-morgagni-s-hernia-in-infants-and-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Giuseppe Lauriti, Elke Zani-Ruttenstock, Vincenzo D Catania, Lina Antounians, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa, Agostino Pierro, Augusto Zani
INTRODUCTION: The laparoscopic repair of Morgagni's hernia (MH) has been reported to be safe and feasible. However, it is still unclear whether laparoscopy is superior to open surgery in repairing MH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a defined search strategy, three investigators independently identified all comparative studies reporting data on open and laparoscopic MH repair in patients <18 years of age. Case reports and opinion articles were excluded. Meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines and using RevMan 5...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775406/phrase-mining-of-textual-data-to-analyze-extracellular-matrix-protein-patterns-across-cardiovascular-disease
#3
David Alexandre Liem, Sanjana Murali, Dibakar Sigdel, Yu Shi, Xuan Wang, Jiaming Shen, Howard Choi, J Harry Caufield, Wei Wang, Peipei Ping, Jiawei Han
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins have been shown to play important roles regulating multiple biological processes in an array of organ systems, including the cardiovascular system. By using a novel bioinformatics text-mining tool, we studied six categories of cardiovascular disease (CVD), namely ischemic heart disease (IHD), cardiomyopathies (CM), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), congenital heart disease (CHD), arrhythmias (ARR), and valve disease (VD), anticipating novel ECM protein-disease and protein-protein relationships hidden within vast quantities of textual data...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774433/dynamic-and-thermodynamic-crossover-scenarios-in-the-kob-andersen-mixture-insights-from-multi-cpu-and-multi-gpu-simulations
#4
Daniele Coslovich, Misaki Ozawa, Walter Kob
The physical behavior of glass-forming liquids presents complex features of both dynamic and thermodynamic nature. Some studies indicate the presence of thermodynamic anomalies and of crossovers in the dynamic properties, but their origin and degree of universality is difficult to assess. Moreover, conventional simulations are barely able to cover the range of temperatures at which these crossovers usually occur. To address these issues, we simulate the Kob-Andersen Lennard-Jones mixture using efficient protocols based on multi-CPU and multi-GPU parallel tempering...
May 17, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773411/evolution-of-an-evidence-based-supermicrosurgery-simulation-training-curriculum-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Georgios Pafitanis, Mitsunaga Narushima, Takumi Yamamoto, Maria Raveendran, Damjan Veljanoski, Ali M Ghanem, Simon Myers, Isao Koshima
BACKGROUND: Supermicrosurgery (SM) involves operating on vessels with calibers from 0.3-0.8 mm. SM requires skills beyond those of conventional microsurgery. Current microsurgery courses do not prepare a junior surgeon for such a challenge. Several models have been developed to assist in the early learning curve, but their true purpose, benefit, and validation have not been addressed. This systematic literature review summarizes the existing SM simulation models, and their likely impact on microsurgery training for small-caliber vessel-based procedures is assessed...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#6
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771205/organizational-health-management-through-metaphor-a-mission-based-approach
#7
Joseph M Woodside
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the underlying metaphors that hospitals use to establish their organizational mission. Metaphors impact the direction and managerial decision making of organizations, and provide a method to more easily communicate to a variety of stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach A text analytics process is run to evaluate the mission statements from the largest hospitals by revenue in each of the 50 states of the USA and District of Columbia to identify the types of metaphor-based organizational health management methods...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771140/the-informal-caregiver-s-lived-experience-of-being-present-with-a-patient-who-receives-a-diagnosis-of-dementia-a-phenomenological-inquiry
#8
Barbara E Champlin
This article describes the lived experience of informal caregivers who accompany loved ones as the loved ones receive a diagnosis of dementia. Each of 12 informal caregivers participated in a face-to-face interview that was audiotaped and transcribed. Analysis of the interview text revealed seven constituents as central to the general structure of this experience: (a) having anticipated the diagnosis; (b) feeling relief; (c) feeling the gravitas of the words; (d) grieving the loss; (e) watching for the patient's reaction; (f) accepting the diagnosis and taking action; and (g) committing to care...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770248/hedea-a-python-tool-for-extracting-and-analysing-semi-structured-information-from-medical-records
#9
Anshul Aggarwal, Sunita Garhwal, Ajay Kumar
Objectives: One of the most important functions for a medical practitioner while treating a patient is to study the patient's complete medical history by going through all records, from test results to doctor's notes. With the increasing use of technology in medicine, these records are mostly digital, alleviating the problem of looking through a stack of papers, which are easily misplaced, but some of these are in an unstructured form. Large parts of clinical reports are in written text form and are tedious to use directly without appropriate pre-processing...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769585/simple-analytical-model-of-the-effect-of-high-pressure-on-the-critical-temperature-and-other-thermodynamic-properties-of-superconductors
#10
Mateusz Krzyzosiak, Ryszard Gonczarek, Adam Gonczarek, Lucjan Jacak
Within the general conformal transformation method a simplified analytical model is proposed to study the effect of external hydrostatic pressure on low- and high-temperature superconducting systems. A single fluctuation in the density of states, placed away from the Fermi level, as well as external pressure are included in the model to derive equations for the superconducting gap, free energy difference, and specific heat difference. The zero- and sub-critical temperature limits are discussed by the method of successive approximations...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769487/length-of-vermiform-appendix-in-bangladeshi-people-of-different-age-and-sex
#11
S A Sumi, M Khalil, S Mannan, S Chowdhury, M K Khan, U K Paul, U K Zaman, S F Karim, A Rahman, M M Rahman, A Kabir, S Farjan, M T Alam, E Z Epsi, N S Nitu, N J Khan, L Jabeen, S Tabriz
A cross sectional descriptive study was performed on 70 postmortem vermiform appendix (male 34 and female 36) to find out the length of vermiform appendix of Bangladeshi people in different age and sex. The specimens were collected from autopsy laboratory of the Department of Forensic Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from October 2016 to March 2017 by purposive sampling technique. The collected samples were divided into four age groups. They were Group A (upto 20 years), Group B (21 to 40 years), Group C (41 to 60 years) and Group D (above 60 years)...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769078/the-effect-of-diabetes-self-management-education-on-hba1c-and-quality-of-life-in-african-americans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Amy T Cunningham, Denine R Crittendon, Neva White, Geoffrey D Mills, Victor Diaz, Marianna D LaNoue
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes presents a major morbidity and mortality burden in the United States. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is an intervention associated with improved hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c) and quality of life(QOL), and is recommended for all individuals with type 2 diabetes. African-Americans have disproportionate type 2 diabetes morbidity and mortality, yet no prior meta-analyses have examined DSME outcomes exclusively in this population. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the impact of DSME on HbA1c and QOL in African-Americans compared to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768990/control-of-a-7-dof-robotic-arm-system-with-an-ssvep-based-bci
#13
Xiaogang Chen, Bing Zhao, Yijun Wang, Shengpu Xu, Xiaorong Gao
Although robot technology has been successfully used to empower people who suffer from motor disabilities to increase their interaction with their physical environment, it remains a challenge for individuals with severe motor impairment, who do not have the motor control ability to move robots or prosthetic devices by manual control. In this study, to mitigate this issue, a noninvasive brain-computer interface (BCI)-based robotic arm control system using gaze based steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) was designed and implemented using a portable wireless electroencephalogram (EEG) system...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768701/management-of-early-pouch-related-septic-complications-in-ulcerative-colitis-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Guy H T Worley, Jonathan P Segal, Janindra Warusavitarne, Susan K Clark, Omar D Faiz
INTRODUCTION: It is well established that ileoanal pouch-related septic complications (PRSC) increase the risk of pouch failure. There are a number of publications that describe the management of early PRSC in ulcerative colitis (UC) in small series. This article aims to systematically review and summarise the relevant contemporary data on this subject and provide an algorithm for the management of early PRSC. METHOD: A systematic review was undertaken in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
May 16, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768349/comparison-of-multiple-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#15
Jing-Hong Liang, Yong Xu, Lu Lin, Rui-Xia Jia, Hong-Bo Zhang, Lei Hang
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Alzheimer disease (AD) emphasizes the need for effective treatments. Both pharmacological therapies such as nutrition therapy (NT) and nonpharmacologic therapies including traditional treatment or personalized treatment (e.g., physical exercise, music therapy, computerized cognitive training) have been approved for the treatment of AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in numerous areas. METHODS: The aim of this study was to compare 4 types of interventions, physical exercise (PE), music therapy (MT), computerized cognitive training (CCT), and NT, in older adults with mild to moderate AD or MCI and identify the most effective intervention for their cognitive function...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768327/survival-benefit-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-resectable-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#16
Yan Chen, Xiu-E Shi, Jin-Hui Tian, Xu-Juan Yang, Yong-Feng Wang, Ke-Hu Yang
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) increases breast conservation rates in patients with resectable breast cancer at the associated cost of higher locoregional recurrence rates; however, the magnitude of the survival benefits of NAC for these patients remains undefined. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the survival benefit of NAC versus postoperative chemotherapy by conducting an updated meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs). METHODS: The authors searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Chinese biomedical literature database, and Chinese Scientific Journals full-text database from their inception to December 2016...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767795/quality-measurement-in-physician-staffed-emergency-medical-services-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Helge Haugland, Oddvar Uleberg, Pål Klepstad, Andreas Krüger, Marius Rehn
Purpose: Quality measurement of physician-staffed emergency medical services (P-EMS) is necessary to improve service quality. Knowledge and consensus on this topic are scarce, making quality measurement of P-EMS a high-priority research area. The aim of this review was to identify, describe and evaluate studies of quality measurement in P-EMS. Data sources: The databases of MEDLINE and Embase were searched initially, followed by a search for included article citations in Scopus...
May 15, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766428/modeling-and-multi-objective-optimization-for-anammox-process-under-cod-disturbance-using-hybrid-intelligent-algorithm
#18
Bin Xie, Yong-Wen Ma, Jin-Quan Wan, Yan Wang, Zhi-Cheng Yan, Lin Liu, Ze-Yu Guan
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) has been regarded as an efficient process to treat nitrogen-containing wastewater. However, the treatment process is not fully understood in terms of reaction mechanisms, process simulation, and control. In this paper, a multi-objective control strategy mixed soft-sensing model (MCSSM) is developed to systematically design the operating variations for multi-objective control by integrating the developed model, a least square support vector machine optimized with principal component analysis (PCA-LSSVM) and non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II)...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766227/noncontrast-computed-tomography-factors-predictive-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-outcomes-in-patients-with-pancreatic-duct-stones
#19
Ri Liu, Weiwei Su, Jing Gong, Yu Zhang, Jianping Lu
PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of factors unique to NCCT for the prediction of ESWL outcomes in patients with pancreatic duct stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 148 patients with multiple PDS who had undergone ESWL therapy. All patients received an examination for NCCT both before and after ESWL. The following parameters were measured and recorded: patient characteristics including sex and age; NCCT parameters including mean stone length, mean stone volumes before and after ESWL, mean value of CT attenuation, standard deviation of CT attenuation, variation coefficient of CT attenuation, skin-to-stone distance, and pancreatic duct diameter; ESWL outcome indexes including stone clearance rate calculated using the formula [Formula: see text], and the number of ESWL sessions...
May 15, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764887/how-effective-and-cost-effective-are-behaviour-change-interventions-in-improving-the-prescription-and-use-of-antibiotics-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#20
Neha Batura, Carla Cuevas, Mishal Khan, Virginia Wiseman
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance endangers effective prevention and treatment of infections, and places significant burden on patients, families, communities and healthcare systems. Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) are especially vulnerable to antibiotic resistance, owing to high infectious disease burden, and limited resources for treatment. High prevalence of antibiotic prescription and use due to lack of provider's knowledge, prescriber's habits and perceived patient needs further exacerbate the situation...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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