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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351305/gender-stereotypes-and-education-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-malaysian-indonesian-pakistani-and-bangladeshi-school-textbooks
#1
Kazi Md Mukitul Islam, M Niaz Asadullah
Using government secondary school English language textbooks from Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan and Bangladesh, we conducted a quantitative content analysis in order to identify gender stereotypes in school education. In total, 21 categories of exclusion and quality of representation were used to study gender stereotypes. Our analysis confirms a pro-male bias in textbooks: the aggregate female share is 40.4% in textual and pictorial indicators combined. Female occupations are mostly traditional and less prestigious while the characters are predominantly introverted and passive in terms of personality traits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351172/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-genetic-risk-factors-for-neuropathic-pain
#2
Abirami Veluchamy, Harry L Hébert, Weihua Meng, Colin N A Palmer, Blair H Smith
Neuropathic pain (NP) is an increasingly common chronic pain state and a major health burden, affecting approximately 7-10% of the general population. Emerging evidence suggests that genetic factors could partially explain individual susceptibility to NP and the estimated heritability in twins is 37%. The aim of this study was to systematically review and summarize the studies in humans that have investigated the influence of genetic factors associated with NP. We conducted a comprehensive literature search and performed meta-analyses of all the potential genetic variants associated with NP...
January 18, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#3
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350328/uyghur-text-matching-in-graphic-images-for-biomedical-semantic-analysis
#4
Shancheng Fang, Hongtao Xie, Zhineng Chen, Yizhi Liu, Yan Li
How to read Uyghur text from biomedical graphic images is a challenge problem due to the complex layout and cursive writing of Uyghur. In this paper, we propose a system that extracts text from Uyghur biomedical images, and matches the text in a specific lexicon for semantic analysis. The proposed system possesses following distinctive properties: first, it is an integrated system which firstly detects and crops the Uyghur text lines using a single fully convolutional neural network, and then keywords in the lexicon are matched by a well-designed matching network...
January 19, 2018: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349110/data-on-assessment-of-groundwater-quality-for-drinking-and-irrigation-in-rural-area-sarpol-e-zahab-city-kermanshah-province-iran
#5
Hamed Soleimani, Abbas Abbasnia, Mahmood Yousefi, Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Fazlollah Changani Khorasgani
In present study 30 groundwater samples were collected from Sarpol-e Zahab area, Kermanshah province of Iran in order to assess the quality of groundwater in subjected area and determining its suitability for drinking and agricultural purposes. Also the variations in the quality levels of groundwater were compared over the years of 2015 and 2016. Statistical analyses including Spearman correlation coefficients and factor analysis display good correlation between physicochemical parameters (EC, TDS and TH) and Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl- and [Formula: see text] ionic constituents...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348924/mortality-and-hospitalizations-in-intensive-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Anna Mathew, Jody-Ann McLeggon, Nirav Mehta, Samuel Leung, Valerie Barta, Thomas McGinn, Gihad Nesrallah
Background: Survival and hospitalization are critically important outcomes considered when choosing between intensive hemodialysis (HD), conventional HD, and peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the comparative effectiveness of these modalities is unclear. Objective: We had the following aims: (1) to compare the association of mortality and hospitalization in patients undergoing intensive HD, compared with conventional HD or PD and (2) to appraise the methodological quality of the supporting evidence...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348890/adoptive-immunotherapy-shows-encouraging-benefit-on-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Binghao Zhao, Wenxiong Zhang, Dongliang Yu, Jianjun Xu, Yiping Wei
Although adoptive immunotherapy (AIT) is a novel emerging target treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), its actual efficacy remains controversial. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of AIT for NSCLC. We systematically searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Medline, and Web of Science for relevant parallel randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and high-quality observation studies of AIT without any language restrictions. Two investigators reviewed all the texts and extracted information regarding overall survival rate (OS), progression-free survival rate (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), and disease control rate (DCR) from eligible studies; sensitivity analyses and subgroup analyses were also conducted to reduce heterogeneity Of 319 suitable studies, 15 studies (13 RCTs and 2 observation studies) involving 1684 patients were finally included...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348609/effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-inflammatory-markers-in-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Alexander J Rodriguez, Aya Mousa, Peter R Ebeling, David Scott, Barbora de Courten
Vitamin D is reported to have anti-inflammatory properties; however the effects of vitamin D supplementation on inflammation in patients with heart failure (HF) have not been established. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis examining effects of vitamin D supplementation on inflammatory markers in patients with HF. MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, All EBM, and Clinical Trials registries were systematically searched for RCTs from inception to 25 January 2017. Two independent reviewers screened all full text articles (no date or language limits) for RCTs reporting effects of vitamin D supplementation (any form, route, duration, and co-supplementation) compared with placebo or usual care on inflammatory markers in patients with heart failure...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347967/data-quality-and-feasibility-of-the-experience-sampling-method-across-the-spectrum-of-severe-psychiatric-disorders-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Inez Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. Despite this growing interest, the absence of methodological guidelines related to the use of ESM has resulted in a large heterogeneity of designs while the potential effects of the design itself on the response behavior of the participants remain unknown. The objectives of this systematic review are to investigate the associations between the design characteristics and the data quality and feasibility of studies relying on ESM in severe psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347951/health-related-quality-of-life-among-healthy-elderly-iranians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Sogand Tourani, Masoud Behzadifar, Mariano Martini, Aidin Aryankhesal, Masood Taheri Mirghaed, Morteza Salemi, Meysam Behzadifar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measurement in elderly people can provide appropriate information for an optimal management of physical/mental conditions. The main objective of the present study was to quantitatively assess the HRQoL among healthy elder Iranian individuals as measured by the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, both overall and at the level of each its single component/domain. METHODS: This study was designed as a systematic review and meta-analysis, following the "Preferred Reporting Results of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 18, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346700/competence-revisited-in-a-rural-context
#11
Randall L Longenecker, Andrea Wendling, Joyce Hollander-Rodriguez, John Bowling, David Schmitz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: General competencies developed in undergraduate and graduate medical education are sometimes promoted as applicable in any practice context. However, rural practice presents challenges and opportunities that may require unique training. The objectives of this national survey of both undergraduate and graduate medical educators and practicing physicians were to further develop a previously published list of competency domains for working in rural communities and to assess their relative importance in education and practice...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345553/quality-and-variability-of-patient-directions-in-electronic-prescriptions-in-the-ambulatory-care-setting
#12
Yuze Yang, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Ajit A Dhavle, Michael T Rupp, James Green
BACKGROUND: The prescriber's directions to the patient (Sig) are one of the most quality-sensitive components of a prescription order. Owing to their free-text format, the Sig data that are transmitted in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions) have the potential to produce interpretation challenges at receiving pharmacies that may threaten patient safety and also negatively affect medication labeling and patient counseling. Ensuring that all data transmitted in the e-prescription are complete and unambiguous is essential for minimizing disruptions in workflow at prescribers' offices and receiving pharmacies and optimizing the safety and effectiveness of patient care...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345329/generating-quantitative-cell-identity-labels-with-marker-enrichment-modeling-mem
#13
Kirsten E Diggins, Jocelyn S Gandelman, Caroline E Roe, Jonathan M Irish
Multiplexed single-cell experimental techniques like mass cytometry measure 40 or more features and enable deep characterization of well-known and novel cell populations. However, traditional data analysis techniques rely extensively on human experts or prior knowledge, and novel machine learning algorithms may generate unexpected population groupings. Marker enrichment modeling (MEM) creates quantitative identity labels based on features enriched in a population relative to a reference. While developed for cell type analysis, MEM labels can be generated for a wide range of multidimensional data types, and MEM works effectively with output from expert analysis and diverse machine learning algorithms...
January 18, 2018: Current Protocols in Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343962/functioning-outcomes-with-adjunctive-treatments-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-studies
#14
REVIEW
Emmanuelle Weiller, Catherine Weiss, Christopher P Watling, Christopher Edge, Mary Hobart, Hans Eriksson, Maurizio Fava
Objective: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment (ADT) may suffer a prolonged loss of functioning. This review aimed to determine if self-rated functional measures are informative in randomized placebo-controlled studies of adjunctive therapy in patients with MDD and inadequate response to ADT. Methods: This was a systematic literature review of articles in any language from the MEDLINE database published between January 1990 and March 2017...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343189/translating-ancient-alchemy-fragments-of-graeco-egyptian-alchemy-in-arabic-compendia
#15
Matteo Martelli
Translation played a vital role in the development and transfer of alchemy in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Since its origins in Graeco-Roman Egypt, alchemy was encapsulated in Greek texts which allegedly relied on Persian or Egyptian sources. Later, a variety of Greek and Byzantine writings were translated into Syriac and Arabic, and these translations were in turn fragmented and disseminated in later Arabic compendia. This paper will first review the main phases of this historical process of transmission of alchemy from one language and culture to another...
January 17, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343169/patients-and-carers-perspectives-of-palliative-care-in-general-practice-a-systematic-review-with-narrative-synthesis
#16
Emilie Green, Selena Knight, Merryn Gott, Stephen Barclay, Patrick White
BACKGROUND: General practitioners have overall responsibility for community care, including towards end of life. Current policy places generalists at the centre of palliative care provision. However, little is known about how patients and carers understand the general practitioner's role. AIMS: To explore patient and carer perspectives of (1) the role of the general practitioner in providing palliative care to adult patients and (2) the facilitators and barriers to the general practitioner's capacity to fulfil this perceived role...
January 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341209/identification-of-gaps-in-the-current-knowledge-on-pulmonary-hypertension-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Sanne Arjaans, Elvira A H Zwart, Mark-Jan Ploegstra, Arend F Bos, Elisabeth M W Kooi, Hans L Hillege, Rolf M F Berger
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension complicates the clinical course of extremely preterm infants and is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension in these infants are insufficiently known. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to provide an up-to-date overview of available data on prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension and to identify current knowledge gaps. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched in July 2017...
January 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340938/pharmacologic-treatment-of-hypertensive-urgency-in-the-outpatient-setting-a-systematic-review
#18
Claudia L Campos, Charles T Herring, Asima N Ali, Deanna N Jones, James L Wofford, Augustus L Caine, Robert L Bloomfield, Janine Tillett, Karen S Oles
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive urgency (HU), defined as acute severe uncontrolled hypertension without end-organ damage, is a common condition. Despite its association with long-term morbidity and mortality, guidance regarding immediate management is sparse. Our objective was to summarize the evidence examining the effects of antihypertensive medications to treat. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Embase through May 2016...
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340720/correction-to-polymyxin-b-immobilized-hemoperfusion-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-adult-patients-with-sepsis-septic-shock-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#19
Tomoko Fujii, Riki Ganeko, Yuki Kataoka, Toshi A Furukawa, Robin Featherstone, Kent Doi, Jean-Louis Vincent, Daniela Pasero, René Robert, Claudio Ronco, Sean M Bagshaw
Owing to an oversight by the authors, Figure 2 in this article was not the version intended for publication. The correct Figure 2, reproduced here, features footnote symbols and Figure 2b includes three studies as described in the main text.
January 16, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339968/analysis-of-questions-about-use-of-drugs-in-breastfeeding-to-norwegian-drug-information-centres
#20
Jan Anker Jahnsen, Sofia Frost Widnes, Jan Schjøtt
Background: Health professionals may advise women to either stop breastfeeding or drug treatment due to restrictive advice in drug monographs. Regional medicines information and pharmacovigilance centres in Norway (RELIS) provide free and industry-independent answers to questions about drugs and breastfeeding documented in a full-text, searchable database (RELIS database). We used the RELIS database to describe which health care practitioners sought information about medication safety in lactation, most common drugs involved, advice provided and which resources were used to provide the advice...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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