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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152622/the-effect-of-enamel-sandblasting-on-enhancing-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-brackets-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Stefan Baumgartner, Despina Koletsi, Carlalberta Verna, Theodore Eliades
PURPOSE: To critically appraise the evidence regarding the effect of enamel sandblasting on the bond strength of orthodontic brackets on either the labial or lingual tooth surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database search of published and unpublished literature was performed. Search terms included sandblasting, enamel abrasion, tooth surface, bond strength, bond failure, and adhesive remnant; data were extracted in standardized piloted forms. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool, adapted for in vitro studies where necessary...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131917/a-pediatrician-s-take-on-a-few-common-infant-urologic-and-gynecologic-issues
#2
Sabrina Fernandez
Urologic and gynecologic issues are common in a pediatric primary care office. This article focuses on the evaluation and management of a few common diagnoses in infants and young children: fetal hydronephrosis, labial adhesions, physiologic phimosis, and hydrocele. This article can help pediatricians decide when these common issues can be managed in the primary care office and when they need subspecialty guidance. [Pediatr Ann. 2017;46(11):e397-e399.].
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927766/vulvovaginitis-presentation-of-more-common-problems-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-gynecology
#3
REVIEW
Meredith Loveless, Ohmar Myint
Vulvovaginitis is one of the most common gynecological complaints presenting in the pediatric and adolescent female. The common causes of vulvovaginitis in the pediatric patient differ than that considered in adolescent females. When a child present with vulvar itching, burning and irritation the most common etiology is non-specific and hygiene measures are recommended. However these symptoms can mimic more serious etiologies including infection, labial adhesion, lichen sclerosis, pinworms and foreign body must be considered...
September 5, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872995/eva-vacuum-formed-alternative-splinting-of-alveolar-fractures-in-primary-dentition-a-case-report
#4
Konstantina Chatzidimitriou, Nikos N Lygidakis, Nick A Lygidakis
Alveolar fractures treatment includes repositioning of displaced segments and splinting. In children, splinting procedures may occasionally present clinical problems resulting from fewer teeth available for splinting or presence of occlusal disturbances. An alternative clinical approach for splinting in alveolar fractures of primary dentition is described. CLINICAL CASE: A 4.5-year-old girl was referred to our clinic 8 hours after a fall accident. Clinical examination revealed mandibular alveolar process segmental fracture in the right canine area with frontal dislodgement of the labial cortical bone resulting to occluding inability...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856426/genital-lichen-sclerosus-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-retrospective-case-series-of-15-patients-early-diagnosis-is-crucial-to-avoid-long-term-sequelae
#5
Ioannis Nerantzoulis, Themistoklis Grigoriadis, Lina Michala
Lichen sclerosus is a chronic skin disease, mainly localised at the introitus and perineum. When the condition remains untreated, gradual atrophy of skin structures leads to permanent scarring, making early diagnosis and treatment crucial. We reviewed all patients diagnosed with lichen sclerosus presenting to a tertiary referral centre for paediatric and adolescent gynaecology between January 2011 and December 2015 to assess disease presentation and response to treatment. We identified 15 cases, with a mean age at diagnosis of 8...
October 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734061/evaluation-of-a-technique-for-color-correction-in-restoring-anterior-teeth
#6
Gabrielle Branco Rauber, Jussara Karina Bernardon, Luiz Clovis Cardoso Vieira, Luiz Narciso Baratieri
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the ability of the proposed technique in producing restorations that exhibit mimesis with tooth structure and to define a restorative clinical protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this study a typodont was used. The right upper central incisor with Class IV lesion was restored with the layering technique (reference tooth, RT). For the left upper central incisor with Class IV lesion, six teeth were restored monochromatically (test teeth, TT), using DA3...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432290/a-tongue-for-all-seasons-extreme-phenotypic-flexibility-in-salamandrid-newts
#7
Egon Heiss, Stephan Handschuh, Peter Aerts, Sam Van Wassenbergh
Many organisms faced with seasonally fluctuating abiotic and biotic conditions respond by altering their phenotype to account for the demands of environmental changes. Here we discovered that newts, which switch seasonally between an aquatic and terrestrial lifestyle, grow a complex adhesive system on their tongue pad consisting of slender lingual papillae and mucus-producing cells to increase the efficiency of prey capture as they move from water onto land. The adhesive system is reduced again as newts switch back to their aquatic stage, where they use suction to capture prey...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397786/cretaceous-origin-of-the-unique-prey-capture-apparatus-in-mega-diverse-genus-stem-lineage-of-steninae-rove-beetles-discovered-in-burmese-amber
#8
Dagmara Żyła, Shûhei Yamamoto, Karin Wolf-Schwenninger, Alexey Solodovnikov
Stenus is the largest genus of rove beetles and the second largest among animals. Its evolutionary success was associated with the adhesive labial prey-capture apparatus, a unique apomorphy of that genus. Definite Stenus with prey-capture apparatus are known from the Cenozoic fossils, while the age and early evolution of Steninae was hardly ever hypothesized. Our study of several Cretaceous Burmese amber inclusions revealed a stem lineage of Steninae that possibly possesses the Stenus-like prey-capture apparatus...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314701/genitourinary-involvement-and-management-in-children-with-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis
#9
J P Van Batavia, D I Chu, C J Long, M Jen, D A Canning, D A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are devastating hypersensitivity disorders that cause epidermal cell death and can affect all epidermal surfaces, including the urethra, vagina, labial and scrotal skin. Despite the well-described ocular and orofacial manifestations of SJS/TEN, there is a paucity of reports on the genitourinary (GU) symptoms and their management. Specifically, consulting services often ask the pediatric urology team if it is safe to place a urethral catheter, but there is no data in the literature to help guide management...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164256/torque-differences-due-to-the-material-variation-of-the-orthodontic-appliance-a-finite-element-study
#10
Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Ludger Keilig, Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic, Theodore Eliades, Christoph Bourauel
BACKGROUND: Torque of the maxillary incisors is crucial to occlusal relationship and esthetics and can be influenced by many factors. The aim of this study was to assess the relative influence of the material of the orthodontic appliance (adhesive, bracket, ligature, and wire) on tooth displacements and developed stresses/strains after torque application. METHODS: A three-dimensional upper right central incisor with its periodontal ligament (PDL) and alveolus was modeled...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128086/vesicular-contact-reaction-may-progress-into-erythema-multiforme
#11
REVIEW
Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Dorota Jenerowicz, Joanna Szulczyńska-Gabor, Ewa Teresiak-Mikołajczak, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska
Dear Editor, Erythema multiforme is considered an acute skin condition, characterized by a self-limiting and sometimes recurrent course. It is regarded as a type IV hypersensitivity reaction associated with certain infections, medications, and other various triggers. Allergic contact dermatitis is in turn a delayed type of induced allergy as a result of cutaneous contact with a specific allergen to which the patient develops specific sensitivity. This type of cutaneous reaction is associated with inflammation manifesting with erythema, edema, and vesicles...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073227/labial-adhesion-diagnostics-and-treatment
#12
Stephanie Knudtzon, Stein Erik Haugen, Arne Kristian Myhre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977542/early-diagnosis-of-labial-fusion-in-women-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-enables-outpatient-treatment
#13
Claire Scrivani, Melissa A Merideth, Tajana Klepac Pulanic, Steven Pavletic, Richard W Childs, Matthew M Hsieh, Pamela Stratton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the presentation and successful treatment of labial fusion in women after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: During routine posttransplant gynecologic evaluation, labial fusion was identified in 5 female patients. Clinical data were collected regarding underlying disease, transplant regimen, genital symptoms, systemic sites of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) and treatment, and follow-up...
April 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891467/an-in-vitro-comparative-study-of-shear-bond-strength-of-composite-resin-to-bleached-enamel-using-three-herbal-antioxidants
#14
Pratap Kumar Mukka, Nanda Kumar Komineni, Sambashivarao Pola, E Soujanya, Anand Ramtheerth Karne, Bhasker Nenavath, Sandeep Shiva, Pallavi Vuppunuthula
INTRODUCTION: If adhesive restorations are carried out imme-diately, the Shear Bond Strength (SBS) to bleached enamel is reduced. The use of antioxidants can be highlighted since it seems to be a more effective alternative to reduce or remove the residual oxygen and immediate improvement in SBS. AIM: The purpose of this in-vitro study was an attempt to regain the lost bond strength, for which, the comparison of SBS of composite resin to bleached enamel was carried out using various antioxidants i...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878905/effects-of-labial-adhesion-on-maxillary-arch-dimensions-and-nasolabial-esthetics-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Lam Thierens, N Brusselaers, Nmc De Roo, Gam De Pauw
Labial adhesion is a preliminary surgical lip approximation used in the early management of unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. Our objective was to evaluate its effects on the maxillary arch dimensions and nasolabial esthetics by means of a systematic review. The literature search (1955-2016) was based on MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Studies with labial adhesion as a single preliminary step for definitive lip closure, in combination with nasoalveolar molding or in combination with infant orthopedics were considered eligible...
November 23, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811443/measuring-the-resistance-of-different-substructure-materials-by-sticking-them-to-dentine-with-two-different-resin-cements-in-vitro
#16
V Eratilla, A D Yildiz, S Guven, E A Eratilla, T Karaman, S Aguloglu, E Sumer
INTRODUCTION: The resistance of three different substructure materials - metal (Cr-Co), zirconium (Zr), and ceramics (IPS Empress II) - was measured by sticking them to dentine with two different resin cements, a dual-cure resin cement (Panavia F 2.0 Light) and a self-adhesive resin cement (BisCem). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an in vitro study, 72 central upper front teeth were selected with no decay or apparent breakage and with complete development, removed for periodontal reasons...
November 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517340/common-prepubertal-vulvar-conditions
#17
Samantha E Vilano, Cynthia L Robbins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an update for the GP on selected common vulvar concerns in prepubertal girls. Presentation, diagnostic criteria, and management of common vulvar conditions will be described. The following conditions are frequently encountered and may pose diagnostic or management challenges if unrecognized. RECENT FINDINGS: The article is a review of current literature on pediatric vulvar conditions and was conducted through searching PubMed and published books on this topic...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403048/assessment-of-post-contamination-treatments-affecting-different-bonding-stages-to-dentin
#18
Dina Elkassas, Abla Arafa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of cleansing treatments following saliva and blood contamination at different bonding stages to dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Labial surfaces of 168 permanent maxillary central incisors were ground flat exposing superficial dentin. Specimens were divided into: uncontaminated control (A), contamination after etching (B), contamination after adhesive application (C), contamination after adhesive polymerization (D). Groups were further subdivided according to cleansing treatments into: rinsing (B1, C1, D1), re-etching (B2, D3), sodium hypochlorite application (B3), ethyl alcohol application (C2), acetone application (C3), rinsing and rebonding (D2), re-etching and rebonding (D4)...
July 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272090/pragmatic-and-profound-benefits-of-acyclovir-buccal-adhesive-tablets
#19
Ted Rosen
The clinician has many options, both systemic and topical, for the management of oro-labial herpes simplex infections due to HSV-1. A recent addition to this armamentarium is Acyclovir 50 mg Buccal Adhesive Tablets (ABT 50mg). While this agent demonstrates the typical modest reduction in time to healing of any given episode of recurrent oro-labial HSV 1, it also was found in pivotal studies to alter the course of this troublesome viral disease. Several case reports are presented which dramatically illustrate that ABT 50mg can reduce the overall number of overt outbreaks and increase the time interval between outbreaks in patients with historical evidence of frequent episodes...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251516/labial-adhesion-in-children-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital
#20
Ephraim Samuels, Amaka Ngozi Ocheke, Nathaniel E O Samuels
BACKGROUND: Labial adhesion is one of the most common reasons for gynaecologic consultations in children. We sought to determine the prevalence of labial adhesions, mode of presentation and treatment in children at the Jos University Teaching Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of labial adhesions in children from January 2004 to December 2013. Data on paediatric gynaecological consultations, and labial adhesions were retrieved from the gynaecological clinic and the theatre records...
January 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
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