keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sodium disturbes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909620/is-normal-saline-the-best-irrigation-fluid-to-be-used-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-renal-failure-patient-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Bimalesh Purkait, Manoj Kumar, Ankur Bansal, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Kawaljit Singh
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic procedures like percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) needs continuous irrigation for better vision and to wash away stone fragments and blood clots. Systemic absorption of irrigation fluids may lead to fluid overload and electrolyte disequilibrium. Renal failure patients are more prone to these electrolyte disturbances. We have evaluated the outcomes of normal saline as irrigation solution to be used in renal failure patient in comparison to distilled water. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with renal calculi were enrolled in this study between September, 2014, and December, 2015...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900568/control-of-phosphate-balance-by-the-kidney-and-intestine
#2
REVIEW
Ichiro Kaneko, Sawako Tatsumi, Hiroko Segawa, Ken-Ichi Miyamoto
The prevention and correction of hyperphosphatemia are major goals of the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-bone mineral disorders, and thus, Pi balance requires special attention. Pi balance is maintained by intestinal absorption, renal excretion, and bone accretion. The kidney is mainly responsible for the plasma Pi concentration. In CKD, reduced glomerular filtration rate leads to various Pi metabolism abnormalities, and Pi absorption in the small intestine also has an important role in Pi metabolism...
November 30, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896582/effect-of-irrigation-on-soil-health-a-case-study-of-the-ikere-irrigation-project-in-oyo-state-southwest-nigeria
#3
M A Adejumobi, G O Awe, T P Abegunrin, O M Oyetunji, T S Kareem
Irrigated agriculture is one of the significant contributors to the food security of the millennium development goals (MDGs); however, the modification of soil matrix by irrigation could alter the overall soil health due to changes in soil properties and processes. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of irrigation on soil quality status of the Ikere center pivot irrigation project site in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria. Disturbed soil samples were collected from 0 to 30, 30 to 60, and 60 to 90-cm layers from four different sites in three replicates, within the project location for the determination of soil bio-chemical properties...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896510/standard-clinical-protocol-for-bidirectional-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-systemic-leucovorin-5-fluorouracil-and-heated-intraperitoneal-oxaliplatin-in-a-chloride-containing-carrier-solution
#4
Akash M Mehta, Alwin D R Huitema, Jacobus W A Burger, Alexandra R M Brandt-Kerkhof, Sander F van den Heuvel, Victor J Verwaal
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal chemotherapy has an established role in the treatment of selected patients with colorectal peritoneal metastases. Oxaliplatin is highly suitable as a chemotherapeutic agent for hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), but its use to date has been limited because of the morbidity caused by severe electrolyte and glycemic imbalances associated with 5% glucose as its carrier solution. This report provides an overview of the development, rationale, and application of intraperitoneal chemotherapy and the use of various drugs and carrier solutions...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891239/two-cases-of-methyl-alcohol-intoxication-by-sub-chronic-inhalation-and-dermal-exposure-during-aluminum-cnc-cutting-in-a-small-sized-subcontracted-factory
#5
Jia Ryu, Key Hwan Lim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Hyang Woon Lee, Ji Young Yun, Seoung-Wook Kim, Ji-Hoon Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyunjoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Methyl alcohol poisoning has been mainly reported in community. Two cases of methyl alcohol poisoning occurred in a small-sized subcontracted factory which manufactured smartphone parts in Korea. CASE PRESENTATION: One young female patient presented with dyspnea and visual disturbance. Another young male patient presented with visual disturbance and myalgia. They treated with sodium bicarbonate infusion and hemodialysis for metabolic acidosis. In addition, he received ethyl alcohol per oral treatment...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876925/therapeutic-effect-of-arctium-lappa-in-schistosoma-haematobium-associated-kidney-disturbance-biochemical-and-molecular-effects
#6
Khaled M M Koriem, Zulzamri H Idris, Hasniza F Haron, Nurulhuda A Omar, Halita S Lazain
Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium) infection has been found to be strongly associated with bladder cancer, which necessitates for discover of a natural new therapeutic agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Arctium lappa seed extract in S. haematobium associated kidney disturbance. Forty male albino mice were used and divided into four equal groups; group 1 control includes non-infected healthy mice, groups 2, 3 and 4 subcutaneous infected with S. haematobium cercariae...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869785/classic-il-6r-signalling-is-dispensable-for-intestinal-epithelial-proliferation-and-repair
#7
K Aden, A Breuer, A Rehman, H Geese, F Tran, J Sommer, G H Waetzig, T M Reinheimer, S Schreiber, S Rose-John, J Scheller, P Rosenstiel
Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by disturbed cytokine signalling in the mucosa. Inhibition of the proinflammatory interleukin (IL)-6 pathway is a promising new therapeutic strategy, but safety concerns arise as IL-6 signalling also contributes to epithelial repair of the intestinal mucosa. To which extent IL-6 classic or trans-signalling contributes to intestinal repair remains elusive. We tested the influence of IL-6 classic signalling on intestinal repair and proliferation. Whereas IL-6 induced STAT3 phosphorylation in the colonic cancer cell lines, primary non-malignant intestinal organoids did not respond to IL-6 classic signalling...
November 21, 2016: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865546/french-consensus-management-of-patients-with-hypersomnia-which-strategy
#8
R Lopez, I Arnulf, X Drouot, M Lecendreux, Y Dauvilliers
Central hypersomnias principally involves type 1 narcolepsy (NT1), type 2 narcolepsy (NT2) and idiopathic hypersomnia (IH). Despite great progress made in understanding the physiopathology of NT1 with low cerebrospinal fluid hypocretin-1 levels, current treatment remains symptomatic. The same applies to NT2 and IH, for which the physiopathology is still largely unknown. Controlling excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, sleep paralysis and disturbed night-time sleep are key therapeutic targets in NT1...
November 16, 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844033/novel-nalcn-variant-altered-respiratory-and-circadian-rhythm-anesthetic-sensitivity
#9
Bernarda Lozic, Stefan Johansson, Sanja Lovric Kojundzic, Josko Markic, Per Morten Knappskog, Angelika F Hahn, Helge Boman
The sodium leak channel, a Na(+)-permeable, nonselective cation channel, is widely expressed in the nervous system, contributing a basal Na(+)-leak conductance and regulating neuronal excitability. A 3-year-old girl, heterozygous for a de novo missense mutation in NALCN (c.956C>T; p.Ala319Val) predicted to be deleterious, presented from birth with: stimulus-induced, episodic contractures of the limbs and face with associated respiratory distress; distal arthrogryposis; severe axial hypotonia; and severe global developmental delay (CLIFAHDD syndrome)...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833483/acquired-hypernatremia-in-a-general-surgical-intensive-care-unit-incidence-and-prognosis
#10
Mariam A Alansari, Ahmed Abdulmomen, Mohammed Hussein, Ahmad Mohmmad Zubaidi, Jalal T Alswaiti
PURPOSE: Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-acquired hypernatremia (IAH) is a serious electrolyte disturbance that recently was shown to present an independent risk factor for mortality in critically ill patients. IAH has not been widely investigated in Surgical ICU (SICU) patients. No study has specifically investigated IAH epidemiology in the Kingdome of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in general SICU. The objectives of this study are to assess the epidemiological characteristics and prognostic impact of IAH on SICU mortality and outcome in KSA and compare it with international figures...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826706/clinical-associations-of-early-dysnatremias-in-critically-ill-neonates-and-infants-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#11
Jon Kaufman, Daniel Phadke, Suhong Tong, Jennifer Eshelman, Sarah Newman, Christopher Ruzas, Eduardo M da Cruz, Suzanne Osorio
: Dysnatremias (DN) are common electrolyte disturbances in cardiac critical illness and are known risk factors for adverse outcomes in certain populations. Little information exists on DN in children with cardiac disease admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) after undergoing cardiac surgery, either corrective or palliative. The aim was to determine the incidence and adverse outcomes associated with DN in neonates and infants undergoing cardiac surgery. Retrospective cohort and single center study performed at Children's Hospital Colorado from May 2013 to May 2014, in children under 1 year old admitted to the CICU after undergoing surgery for congenital or acquired cardiac disease...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823946/clinically-mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-a-reversible-splenial-lesion-of-corpus-callosum-in-chinese-children
#12
Qiong Fang, Lang Chen, Qiaobin Chen, Zhi Lin, Fang Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and etiology of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) in Chinese children. METHODS: We collected ten pediatric MERS patients from local hospital and enrolled another nineteen patients by reviewing the available literatures. The information of enrolled patients about clinical features, laboratory data, treatment strategies and prognoses were collected for further analysis. RESULTS: A total of 29 children, the median age of twenty-nine patients was (4...
November 4, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813250/facile-synthesis-of-monodispersed-polysulfide-spheres-for-building-structural-colors-with-high-color-visibility-and-broad-viewing-angle
#13
Feihu Li, Bingtao Tang, Suli Wu, Shufen Zhang
The synthesis and assembly of monodispersed colloidal spheres are currently the subject of extensive investigation to fabricate artificial structural color materials. However, artificial structural colors from general colloidal crystals still suffer from the low color visibility and strong viewing angle dependence which seriously hinder their practical application in paints, colorimetric sensors, and color displays. Herein, monodispersed polysulfide (PSF) spheres with intrinsic high refractive index (as high as 1...
November 3, 2016: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810530/fluoride-reduced-the-immune-privileged-function-of-mouse-sertoli-cells-via-the-regulation-of-fas-fasl-system
#14
Zilong Sun, Qingli Nie, Lianjie Zhang, Ruiyan Niu, Jundong Wang, Shaolin Wang
Previous investigations have demonstrated the adverse impacts of fluoride on Sertoli cells (SCs), such as oxidative stress and apoptosis. SCs are the crucial cellular components that can create the immune privileged environment in testis. However, the effect of fluoride on SCs immune privilege is unknown. In this study, mouse SCs were exposed to sodium fluoride with varying concentrations of 10(-5), 10(-4), and 10(-3) mol/L to establish the model of fluoride-treated SCs (F-SCs) in vitro. After 48 h of incubation, F-SCs were transplanted underneath the kidney capsule of mice for 21 days, or cocultured with spleen lymphocytes for another 48 h...
October 27, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796502/cilastatin-does-not-affect-carba-np-test-performance-for-detection-of-carbapenemase-production-in-enterobacteriaceae
#15
Rainer Hartl, Sarah Widhalm, Heidrun Kerschner, Petra Apfalter, Rainer Gattringer
The Carba NP test is a simple confirmation method for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) but reagents have to be freshly prepared as imipenem sodium salt is unstable. We evaluated the Carba NP test performance based on a commercially available 10-fold cheaper drug formulation containing cilastatin against 217 CPE and 78 non-CPE isolates with reduced meropenem susceptibility. Specificity and sensitivity were 100 % and 98.6 %, respectively and 3 false negative results of blaVIM-1-producing Proteus mirabilis were reproducible with the RAPIDEC® Carba NP test...
October 28, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788793/tissue-expression-of-aquaporin-2-is-correlated-to-urine-output-and-allograft-function-in-sensitized-kidney-transplant-patients
#16
K Klein, S Rübenacker, S M Schaefer, L P Kihm, V Schwenger, S Macher-Goeppinger, P Schemmer, C Süsald, M Zeier, C Morath, L E Becker
BACKGROUND: Salt and water disturbances often occur during acute kidney allograft dysfunction that contribute to graft failure, but this condition has been poorly investigated in the alloreactivity setting. We evaluated the tissue expression of aquaporins (AQP1 and AQP2) and the epithelial sodium channel (ENAC) in kidney biopsy specimens from sensitized kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: Eighty-six biopsy specimens from 33 sensitized patients were divided into 3 groups according to clinical context: time-zero (n = 9), protocol (n = 9), and indication (n = 68)...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707707/insulin-resistance-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Belinda Spoto, Anna Pisano, Carmine Zoccali
Insulin resistance (IR) is an early metabolic alteration in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, being apparent when the glomerular filtration rate is still within the normal range and becoming almost universal in those who reach the end stage of kidney failure. The skeletal muscle represents the primary site of IR in CKD, and alterations at sites beyond the insulin receptor are recognized as the main defect underlying IR in this condition. Estimates of IR based on fasting insulin concentration are easier and faster but may not be adequate in patients with CKD because renal insufficiency reduces insulin catabolism...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692350/-epigenetics-implication-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-review
#18
M Hamza, S Halayem, R Mrad, S Bourgou, F Charfi, A Belhadj
BACKGROUND: The etiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is complex and multifactorial, and the roles of genetic and environmental factors in its emergence have been well documented. Current research tends to indicate that these two factors act in a synergistic manner. The processes underlying this interaction are still poorly known, but epigenetic modifications could be the mediator in the gene/environment interface. The epigenetic mechanisms have been implicated in susceptibility to stress and also in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders including depression and schizophrenia...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680393/-causes-diagnosis-and-differential-diagnosis-of-hyponatremia
#19
Peter Gross, Thomas Pusl
Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disorder that arises from disturbances in water metabolism. In cases of acute advanced hyponatremia, serious symptoms are predominant, while chronic mild hyponatremia causes minor symptoms such as slowness, depression or unsteadiness of gait. Any therapy of hyponatremia depends on the severity of its symptoms and on its specific etiology and diagnosis. Concerning the differential diagnosis of the type of hyponatremia, it is initially helpful to distinguish between euvolemic, hypervolemic and hypovolemic forms of hyponatremia...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668156/cicletanine-induced-hyponatremia-and-hypokalemia-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#20
Eun Young Choi, Youngouk Ro, Jong-Wook Choi, Chong Myung Kang, Gheun-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Cicletanine is an antihypertensive agent with vasorelaxant and diuretic properties. It has been widely used in European countries; however, cicletanine-associated electrolyte disturbances have yet to be defined. We investigated cicletanine-induced hyponatremia and hypokalemia in kidney transplant patients. METHODS: Data from a total of 68 kidney transplant recipients who were treated for hypertension with cicletanine were retrospectively analyzed. Cicletanine-induced hyponatremia and hypokalemia were defined as serum sodium < 135 mmol/L and potassium < 3...
September 2016: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
69245
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"