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Copper imbalance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299516/effects-of-nitrogen-and-water-addition-on-trace-element-stoichiometry-in-five-grassland-species
#1
Jiangping Cai, Jacob Weiner, Ruzhen Wang, Wentao Luo, Yongyong Zhang, Heyong Liu, Zhuwen Xu, Hui Li, Yuge Zhang, Yong Jiang
A 9-year manipulative experiment with nitrogen (N) and water addition, simulating increasing N deposition and changing precipitation regime, was conducted to investigate the bioavailability of trace elements, iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) in soil, and their uptake by plants under the two environmental change factors in a semi-arid grassland of Inner Mongolia. We measured concentrations of trace elements in soil and in foliage of five common herbaceous species including 3 forbs and 2 grasses...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281098/effect-of-metal-chelators-on-the-aggregation-of-beta-amyloid-peptides-in-the-presence-of-copper-and-iron
#2
Foozhan Tahmasebinia, Saeed Emadi
Amyloid β (Aβ) fibrils and amorphous aggregates are found in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and are implicated in the etiology of AD. The metal imbalance is also among leading causes of AD, owing to the fact that Aβ aggregation takes place in the synaptic cleft where Aβ, Cu(II) and Fe(III) are found in abnormally high concentrations. Aβ40 and Aβ42 are the main components of plaques found in afflicted brains. Coordination of Cu(II) and Fe(III) ions to Aβ peptides have been linked to Aβ aggregation and production of reactive oxygen species, two key events in the development of AD pathology...
April 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276155/dissecting-copper-homeostasis-in-diabetes-mellitus
#3
REVIEW
Jennifer Lowe, Rosilane Taveira-da-Silva, Elaine Hilário-Souza
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is characterized by elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia). It can occur due to impaired secretion or action of the hormone insulin, which is produced by pancreatic beta-cells to promote the entry of glucose into the cells. It is known that hyperglycemia has an important role in the production of reactive oxygen species in all types of DM and that an imbalance of transition metal as Cu and Fe plays a pivotal role in stimulating the oxidative stress. Different levels of some transition metals, as Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn has been reported comparing diabetic animal models with the control group...
March 9, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258359/concentration-of-zinc-copper-iron-calcium-and-magnesium-in-the-serum-tissues-and-urine-of-streptozotocin-induced-mild-diabetic-rat-model
#4
Tahiry Gómez, Leticia Bequer, Angel Mollineda, José L Molina, Alain Álvarez, Mayrelis Lavastida, Sonia Clapés
The present study aimed to investigate, in the streptozotocin-induced mild diabetic rat model, the zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) concentration in serum, liver, and kidney tissues, and urine samples from adult Wistar rats treated neonatally with streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetes was induced by subcutaneous administration of streptozotocin (100 mg/Kg) in female Wistar rats of 2 days old (STZ, n = 10). Control group (CG, n = 10) received only sodium-citrate buffer. The mineral concentrations were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry...
March 3, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225041/pvn-blockade-of-p44-42-mapk-pathway-attenuates-salt-induced-hypertension-through-modulating-neurotransmitters-and-attenuating-oxidative-stress
#5
Hong-Li Gao, Xiao-Jing Yu, Kai-Li Liu, Xiao-Lian Shi, Jie Qi, Yan-Mei Chen, Yan Zhang, Juan Bai, Qiu-Yue Yi, Zhi-Peng Feng, Wen-Sheng Chen, Wei Cui, Jin-Jun Liu, Guo-Qing Zhu, Yu-Ming Kang
The imbalance of neurotransmitters and excessive oxidative stress responses contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension. In this study, we determined whether blockade of p44/42 MAPK pathway in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) ameliorates the development of hypertension through modulating neurotransmitters and attenuating oxidative stress. Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rats received a high-salt diet (HS, 8% NaCl) or a normal-salt diet (NS, 0.3% NaCl) for 6 weeks and were treated with bilateral PVN infusion of PD-98059 (0...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224472/effects-of-weight-reduction-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-metabolic-variables-in-saudi-obese-subjects-in-aseer-province-of-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Mohammed A Bawahab, Abdullah S Assiri, Walid Abdel Maksoud, Ayyub Patel, Osama Kadoumi, Gaffar Sarwar Zaman, Riyad Mohammed Khalil Alessih, Syed Saleem Haider
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the occurrence of oxidative stress, status of protective antioxidants enzymes, inflammatory biomarkers, and some metabolic health variables in the blood and to compare the results between those of the normal controls and obese patients submitted to sleeve gastrectomy-induced weight loss over a 1-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in Aseer Central Hospital and Abha Private Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2012 to January 2013 on 50 normal (BMI = 22-25 kg/m(2)) control subjects and 50 obese (BMI = 45-50 kg/m(2)) patients...
February 21, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219956/mineral-status-in-canine-medial-coronoid-process-disease-a-cohort-study-using-analysis-of-hair-by-mass-spectrometry
#7
M Davies, J West, C Williams, D S Gardner
In several species, developmental skeletal diseases involving abnormal endochondral ossification have been associated with imbalanced mineral intake. Hair analysis reflects long-term mineral status. To determine the mineral content of hair from dogs with or without medial coronoid process disease (MCPD). Dogs with MCPD have a different profile of minerals known to influence metalloenzymes involved in endochondral ossification. After cleansing, chelation and acid digestion of hair samples (n=79 in total: control dogs, n=70 v MCPD, n=9), mineral profile (7 major and 25 trace elements) was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
February 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143784/role-of-divalent-metals-in-infectious-disease-susceptibility-and-outcome
#8
REVIEW
G Weiss, P L Carver
BACKGROUND: Divalent metals play important roles in maintaining metabolism and cellular growth of both eukaryotic hosts and invading microbes. Both metal deficiency and overload can result in abnormal cellular function or damage. Given its central role in host-pathogen interactions, subtle alterations of divalent metal homeostasis can occur in the course of infectious diseases which aim, from the host perspective, either to reduce the availability of respective metals to microbes or to use toxic metal accumulation to eliminate pathogens...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130615/age-dependent-changes-of-cerebral-copper-metabolism-in-atp7b-knockout-mouse-model-of-wilson-s-disease-by-64-cu-cucl2-pet-ct
#9
Fang Xie, Yin Xi, Juan M Pascual, Otto Muzik, Fangyu Peng
Copper is a nutritional metal required for brain development and function. Wilson's disease (WD), or hepatolenticular degeneration, is an inherited human copper metabolism disorder caused by a mutation of the ATP7B gene. Many WD patients present with variable neurological and psychiatric symptoms, which may be related to neurodegeneration secondary to copper metabolism imbalance. The objective of this study was to explore the feasibility and use of copper-64 chloride ([(64)C]CuCl2) as a tracer for noninvasive assessment of age-dependent changes of cerebral copper metabolism in WD using an Atp7b (-/-) knockout mouse model of WD and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging...
January 27, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058542/inhibition-of-copper-mediated-aggregation-of-human-%C3%AE-d-crystallin-by-schiff-bases
#10
Priyanka Chauhan, Sai Brinda Muralidharan, Anand Babu Velappan, Dhrubajyoti Datta, Sanjay Pratihar, Joy Debnath, Kalyan Sundar Ghosh
Protein aggregation, due to the imbalance in the concentration of Cu(2+) and Zn(2+) ions is found to be allied with various physiological disorders. Copper is known to promote the oxidative damage of β/γ-crystallins in aged eye lens and causes their aggregation leading to cataract. Therefore, synthesis of a small-molecule 'chelator' for Cu(2+) with complementary antioxidant effect will find potential applications against aggregation of β/γ-crystallins. In this paper, we have reported the synthesis of different Schiff bases and studied their Cu(2+) complexation ability (using UV-Vis, FT-IR and ESI-MS) and antioxidant activity...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916677/differential-copper-binding-to-alpha-synuclein-and-its-disease-associated-mutants-affect-the-aggregation-and-amyloid-formation
#11
Priyatosh Ranjan, Dhiman Ghosh, Deepthi S Yarramala, Subhadeep Das, Samir K Maji, Ashutosh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Copper is an essential trace element required for the proper functioning of various enzymes present in the central nervous system. An imbalance in the copper homeostasis results in the pathology of various neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's Disease. Hence, residue specific interaction of Cu(2+) to α-Syn along with the familial mutants H50Q and G51D needs to be studied in detail. METHODS: We investigated the residue specific mapping of Cu(2+) binding sites and binding strength using solution-state NMR and ITC respectively...
February 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829171/metal-ions-influx-is-a-double-edged-sword-for-the-pathogenesis-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
Pu Wang, Zhan-You Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common form of dementia in aged people, which is defined by two pathological characteristics: β-amyloid protein (Aβ) deposition and tau hyperphosphorylation. Although the mechanisms of AD development are still being debated, a series of evidence supports the idea that metals, such as copper, iron, zinc, magnesium and aluminium, are involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. In particular, the processes of Aβ deposition in senile plaques (SP) and the inclusion of phosphorylated tau in neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are markedly influenced by alterations in the homeostasis of the aforementioned metal ions...
May 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790472/arterial-stiffness-and-trace-elements-in-apparently-healthy-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Gangapatnam Subrahmanyam, Rama Mohan Pathapati, Krishnan Ramalingam, Selvam Armugam Indira, Katari Kantha, Bhemasen Soren
INTRODUCTION: Stiffening of arteries is a natural ageing process. Any diseases/disorders or risk factors that escalate oxidative stress, microvascular inflammation and endothelial damage may promote to premature vascular stiffening. Any imbalance in these trace element levels may independently contribute to the changes in the components in the arterial wall and thus, arterial stiffness via one or more mechanisms. AIM: To evaluate the severity of arterial stiffness in apparently healthy population and also to evaluate role of various risk factors and trace elements in the severity of arterial stiffness...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761143/altered-concentrations-of-copper-zinc-and-iron-are-associated-with-increased-levels-of-glycated-hemoglobin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-first-degree-relatives
#14
Somayeh Atari-Hajipirloo, Neda Valizadeh, Mohammad-Hassan Khadem-Ansari, Yousef Rasmi, Fatemeh Kheradmand
BACKGROUND: The altered levels of some essential trace elements and antioxidant minerals have been observed in diabetic patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the concentrations of essential trace elements, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and iron (Fe) in the serum of patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with those of their non-diabetic first-degree relatives (FDR) and control subjects. The association between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and levels of metals was also evaluated...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742687/lysyl-oxidase-is-a-strong-determinant-of-tumor-cell-colonization-in-bone
#15
Caroline Reynaud, Laura Ferreras, Paola Di Mauro, Casina Kan, Martine Croset, Edith Bonnelye, Floriane Pez, Clémence Thomas, Géraldine Aimond, Antoine E Karnoub, Marie Brevet, Philippe Clézardin
Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is a secreted copper-dependent amine oxidase whose primary function is to drive collagen crosslinking and extracellular matrix stiffness. LOX in colorectal cancer synergizes with hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) to promote tumor progression. Here we investigated whether LOX/HIF1 endows colorectal cancer cells with full competence for aggressive colonization in bone. We show that a high LOX expression in primary tumors from patients with colorectal cancer was associated with poor clinical outcome, irrespective of HIF-1 In addition, LOX was expressed by tumor cells in the bone marrow from colorectal cancer patients with bone metastases...
January 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639544/a-copper-chelate-induces-apoptosis-and-overcomes-multidrug-resistance-in-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-through-redox-imbalance-and-inhibition-of-egfr-pi3k-akt-expression
#16
Kaushik Banerjee, Satyajit Das, Avijit Sarkar, Mitali Chatterjee, Jaydip Biswas, Soumitra Kumar Choudhuri
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive form of cancer and the therapeutic outcome for T-ALL patients remains poor. Thus innovative therapeutic strategies with less toxic drugs are of immense need. Moreover combinational effect of redox imbalance with modulated EGFR/PI3K/Akt axis in T-ALL is still elusive. To explore more effective drugs we developed and characterized 5-SMAG, Cu-5-SMAG and Cu-OBPHA complexes by different spectroscopic methods and revealed that introduction of methoxy group and copper to the previously synthesized Schiff base ligand, NG can efficiently target leukemia by sparing the normal cells and overcomes MDR in T-ALL through induction of caspase3 dependent apoptosis as assessed by MTT, Cell-cycle, Annexin-V and caspase3 activation assay...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617869/evaluation-of-serum-superoxide-dismutase-activity-malondialdehyde-and-zinc-and-copper-levels-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#17
Raşit Kılıç, Aslhan Cavunt Bayraktar, Serdar Bayraktar, Ali Kurt, Mustafa Kavutçu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) as a lipid peroxidation marker, and some trace elements such as zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) levels in patients with keratoconus. METHODS: A total of 58 patients with keratoconus and 53 control subjects with similar age and sex were evaluated in this study. The modified Krumeich keratoconus classification was used to divide the patients into 4 stages...
December 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558108/the-role-of-presenilin-in-protein-trafficking-and-degradation-implications-for-metal-homeostasis
#18
REVIEW
M A Greenough
An imbalance in metal homeostasis is a prominent feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A wealth of evidence from independent studies over the past two and half decades has found changes to the distribution of brain iron, zinc, and copper in AD patients and animal models of the disease. Early research focused on the association of these metals with amyloid beta (Aβ), particularly extraneuronal Aβ plaque pathology. In contrast, there are numerous studies that have demonstrated a loss of iron-, zinc-, or copper-dependent cellular functions in AD animal and cell models, highlighting the importance of metal homeostasis in maintaining healthy brain function...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523934/sarcoptic-mange-in-dogs-its-effect-on-liver-oxidative-stress-trace-minerals-and-vitamins
#19
S A Beigh, J S Soodan, A M Bhat
The present study was aimed to determine the effect on liver, associated oxidative stress, trace element and vitamin alteration in dogs with sarcoptic mange. A total of 24 dogs with clinically established diagnosis of sarcoptic mange, divided into two groups, severely infested group (n=9) and mild/moderately infested group (n=15), according to the extent of skin lesions caused by sarcoptic mange and 6 dogs as control group were included in the present study. In comparison to healthy control hemoglobin, PCV, and TEC were significantly (P<0...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523629/modulation-of-hepatic-copper-atpase-activity-by-insulin-and-glucagon-involves-protein-kinase-a-pka-signaling-pathway
#20
Elaine Hilário-Souza, Martine Cuillel, Elisabeth Mintz, Peggy Charbonnier, Adalberto Vieyra, Doris Cassio, Jennifer Lowe
Different studies have revealed copper imbalance in individuals suffering from diabetes and obesity, suggesting that regulation of glucose and/or fat metabolism could modulate cellular copper homeostasis. To test this hypothesis we investigated whether the key hormones of energy metabolism, insulin and glucagon, regulate the functional properties of the major hepatic copper-transporter, ATP7B (i.e., copper-dependent ATPase activity). We demonstrated that insulin reverses the effect of copper and stimulates retrograde trafficking of ATP7B from the canalicular membranes, consistent with the enhanced ability of ATP7B to sequester copper away from the cytosol...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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