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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437454/age-associated-increase-of-the-active-zone-protein-bruchpilot-within-the-honeybee-mushroom-body
#1
Katrin B Gehring, Karin Heufelder, Harald Depner, Isabella Kersting, Stephan J Sigrist, Dorothea Eisenhardt
In honeybees, age-associated structural modifications can be observed in the mushroom bodies. Prominent examples are the synaptic complexes (microglomeruli, MG) in the mushroom body calyces, which were shown to alter their size and density with age. It is not known whether the amount of intracellular synaptic proteins in the MG is altered as well. The presynaptic protein Bruchpilot (BRP) is localized at active zones and is involved in regulating the probability of neurotransmitter release in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432809/the-honeybee-as-a-model-insect-for-developmental-genetics
#2
REVIEW
A G Cridge, M R Lovegrove, J G Skelly, S E Taylor, G E L Petersen, R C Cameron, P K Dearden
Honeybees are an important component of modern agricultural systems, and a fascinating and scientifically engrossing insect. Honeybees are not commonly used as model systems for understanding development in insects despite their importance in agriculture. Honeybee embryogenesis, while being superficially similar to Drosophila, is molecularly very different, especially in axis formation and sex determination. In later development, much of honeybee biology is modified by caste development, an as yet poorly understood, but excellent, system to study developmental plasticity...
April 22, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428804/morphogenesis-of-honeybee-hypopharyngeal-gland-during-pupal-development
#3
Sascha Peter Klose, Daniel Rolke, Otto Baumann
BACKGROUND: The hypopharyngeal gland of worker bees contributes to the production of the royal jelly fed to queens and larvae. The gland consists of thousands of two-cell units that are composed of a secretory cell and a duct cell and that are arranged in sets of about 12 around a long collecting duct. RESULTS: By fluorescent staining, we have examined the morphogenesis of the hypopharyngeal gland during pupal life, from a saccule lined by a pseudostratified epithelium to the elaborate organ of adult worker bees...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427951/uncovering-the-immune-responses-of-apis-mellifera-ligustica-larval-gut-to-ascosphaera-apis-infection-utilizing-transcriptome-sequencing
#4
Dafu Chen, Rui Guo, Xijian Xu, Cuiling Xiong, Qin Liang, Yanzhen Zheng, Qun Luo, Zhaonan Zhang, Zhijian Huang, Dhiraj Kumar, Weijun Xi, Xuan Zou, Min Liu
Honeybees are susceptible to a variety of diseases, including chalkbrood, which is capable of causing huge losses of both the number of bees and colony productivity. This research is designed to characterize the transcriptome profiles of Ascosphaera apis-treated and un-treated larval guts of Apis mellifera ligustica in an attempt to unravel the molecular mechanism underlying the immune responses of western honeybee larval guts to mycosis. In this study, 24, 296 and 2157 genes were observed to be differentially expressed in A...
April 18, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423045/characterization-of-antennal-sensilla-larvae-morphology-and-olfactory-genes-of-melipona-scutellaris-stingless-bee
#5
Washington João de Carvalho, Patrícia Tieme Fujimura, Ana Maria Bonetti, Luiz Ricardo Goulart, Kevin Cloonan, Neide Maria da Silva, Ester Cristina Borges Araújo, Carlos Ueira-Vieira, Walter S Leal
There is growing evidence in the literature suggesting that caste differentiation in the stingless bee, Melipona scutellaris, and other bees in the genus Melipona, is triggered by environmental signals, particularly a primer pheromone. With the proper amount of food and a chemical stimulus, 25% of females emerge as queens, in agreement with a long-standing "two loci/two alleles model" proposed in the 1950s. We surmised that these larvae must be equipped with an olfactory system for reception of these chemical signals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420790/honeybee-gut-microbiota-promotes-host-weight-gain-via-bacterial-metabolism-and-hormonal-signaling
#6
Hao Zheng, J Elijah Powell, Margaret I Steele, Carsten Dietrich, Nancy A Moran
Social bees harbor a simple and specialized microbiota that is spatially organized into different gut compartments. Recent results on the potential involvement of bee gut communities in pathogen protection and nutritional function have drawn attention to the impact of the microbiota on bee health. However, the contributions of gut microbiota to host physiology have yet to be investigated. Here we show that the gut microbiota promotes weight gain of both whole body and the gut in individual honey bees. This effect is likely mediated by changes in host vitellogenin, insulin signaling, and gustatory response...
April 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409431/formetanate-toxicity-and-changes-in-antioxidant-enzyme-system-of-apis-mellifera-larvae
#7
Martin Staroň, Rastislav Sabo, Anna Sobeková, Lucia Sabová, Jaroslav Legáth, Ľuboslava Lohajová, Peter Javorský
Substantial percentage of world food production depends on pollinating service of honeybees that directly depends on their health status. Among other factors, the success of bee colonies depends on health of developed larvae. The crucial phase of larval development is the first 6 days after hatching when a worker larva grows exponentially and larvae are potentially exposed to xenobiotics via diet. In the present study, we determined the lethal concentration LC50 (72 h) following single dietary exposure of honeybee larvae to formetanate under laboratory conditions, being also the first report available in scientific literature...
April 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409038/a-foreign-body-granuloma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-induced-by-honeybee-sting
#8
Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Yohei Nakayama, Yumiko Matsusue, Miyako Kurihara, Takahiro Yagyuu, Tadaaki Kirita
A foreign body granuloma of the buccal mucosa induced by honeybee sting was reported. The patient was an 82-year-old female who presented with a submucous mass at the right buccal mucosa. The mass was 20 mm in diameter, elastically firm, partly mobile without pain or tenderness, and covered with almost normal mucosa. MR image did not delineate the lesion clearly. Under clinical diagnosis of a benign tumor, the lesion was excised under local anesthesia. The excised lesion was 14 × 11 × 9 mm in size and solid and yellowish in cut surface...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403157/effects-of-age-and-nutritional-state-on-the-expression-of-gustatory-receptors-in-the-honeybee-apis-mellifera
#9
Nicola K Simcock, Luisa A Wakeling, Dianne Ford, Geraldine A Wright
Gustatory receptors (Grs) expressed in insect taste neurons signal the presence of carbohydrates, sugar alcohols, CO2, bitter compounds and oviposition stimulants. The honeybee (Apis mellifera) has one of the smallest Gr gene sets (12 Gr genes) of any insect whose genome has been sequenced. Honeybees live in eusocial colonies with a division of labour and perform age-dependent behavioural tasks, primarily food collection. Here, we used RT-qPCR to quantify Gr mRNA in honeybees at two ages (newly-emerged and foraging-age adults) to examine the relationship between age-related physiology and expression of Gr genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401377/a-mathematical-model-of-forager-loss-in-honeybee-colonies-infested-with-varroa-destructor-and-the-acute-bee-paralysis-virus
#10
Vardayani Ratti, Peter G Kevan, Hermann J Eberl
We incorporate a mathematical model of Varroa destructor and the Acute Bee Paralysis Virus with an existing model for a honeybee colony, in which the bee population is divided into hive bees and forager bees based on tasks performed in the colony. The model is a system of five ordinary differential equations with dependent variables: uninfected hive bees, uninfected forager bees, infected hive bees, virus-free mites and virus-carrying mites. The interplay between forager loss and disease infestation is studied...
April 11, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398208/total-and-honeybee-venom-specific-serum-igg4-and-ige-in-beekeepers
#11
I Carballo, F Carballada, R Nuñez-Orjales, J Martín-Lázaro, C Vidal, A Gonzalez-Quintela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396486/investigation-of-span-chordwise-bending-anisotropy-of-honeybee-forewings
#12
JianGuo Ning, Yun Ma, HuiLan Ren, PengFei Zhang
In this study, the spanwise and chordwise bending stiffness EI of honeybee forewings were measured by a cantilevered bending test. The interesting test results indicate that the spanwise EI of the forewing is two orders of magnitude larger than the chordwise EI Three structural aspects result in this span-chordwise bending anisotropy: the distribution of resilin patches, the corrugation along the span and the leading edge vein of the venation. It was found that flexion lines formed by resilin patches revealed through fluorescence microscopy promoted the chordwise bending of the forewing during flapping flight...
April 10, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390323/the-impact-of-gc-bias-on-phylogenetic-accuracy-using-targeted-enrichment-phylogenomic-data
#13
Silas Bossert, Elizabeth A Murray, Bonnie B Blaimer, Bryan N Danforth
The field of sequence based phylogenetic analyses is currently being transformed by novel hybrid-based targeted enrichment methods, such as the use of ultraconserved elements (UCEs). Rather than analyzing relationships among organisms using a small number of genes, these methods now allow us to evaluate relationships with many hundreds to thousands of individual gene loci. However, the inclusion of thousands of loci does not necessarily overcome the long-standing challenge of incongruence among phylogenetic trees derived from different genes or gene regions...
April 5, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386800/chemical-ecology-of-stingless-bees
#14
Sara Diana Leonhardt
Stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Meliponini) represent a highly diverse group of social bees confined to the world's tropics and subtropics. They show a striking diversity of structural and behavioral adaptations and are important pollinators of tropical plants. Despite their diversity and functional importance, their ecology, and especially chemical ecology, has received relatively little attention, particularly compared to their relative the honeybee, Apis mellifera. Here, I review various aspects of the chemical ecology of stingless bees, from communication over resource allocation to defense...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385271/-ocular-complications-after-honeybee-sting-therapy-for-a-pterygium
#15
M R Ez-Zahraoui, M Y El Bakkouri, I Hajji, A Moutaouakil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381619/abscisic-acid-enhances-cold-tolerance-in-honeybee-larvae
#16
Leonor Ramirez, Pedro Negri, Laura Sturla, Lucrezia Guida, Tiziana Vigliarolo, Matías Maggi, Martín Eguaras, Elena Zocchi, Lorenzo Lamattina
The natural composition of nutrients present in food is a key factor determining the immune function and stress responses in the honeybee (Apis mellifera). We previously demonstrated that a supplement of abscisic acid (ABA), a natural component of nectar, pollen, and honey, increases honeybee colony survival overwinter. Here we further explored the role of ABA in in vitro-reared larvae exposed to low temperatures. Four-day-old larvae (L4) exposed to 25°C for 3 days showed lower survival rates and delayed development compared to individuals growing at a standard temperature (34°C)...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378497/genomewide-analysis-of-admixture-and-adaptation-in-the-africanized-honeybee
#17
Ronald M Nelson, Andreas Wallberg, Zilá Luz Paulino Simões, Daniel J Lawson, Matthew T Webster
Genetic exchange by hybridization or admixture can make an important contribution to evolution, and introgression of favourable alleles can facilitate adaptation to new environments. A small number of honeybees (Apis mellifera) with African ancestry were introduced to Brazil ~60 years ago, which dispersed and hybridized with existing managed populations of European origin, quickly spreading across much of the Americas in an example of a massive biological invasion. Here, we analyse whole-genome sequences of 32 Africanized honeybees sampled from throughout Brazil to study the effect of this process on genome diversity...
April 5, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374846/infections-of-virulent-and-avirulent-viruses-differentially-influenced-the-expression-of-dicer-1-ago-1-and-micrornas-in-bombus-terrestris
#18
Jinzhi Niu, Ivan Meeus, Dieter Im De Coninck, Dieter Deforce, Kayvan Etebari, Sassan Asgari, Guy Smagghe
The microRNA (miRNA) pathway is well established to be involved in host-pathogen interactions. As key insect pollinators, bees are suffering from widely spreading viruses, especially honeybees and bumblebees. In order to better understand bee-virus interaction, we comparatively analyzed the involvement of the bumblebee miRNA pathway upon infection by two different viruses. In our setup, an avirulent infection is induced by slow bee paralysis virus (SBPV) and a virulent infection is induced by Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV)...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374827/in-search-of-evidence-for-the-experience-of-pain-in-honeybees-a-self-administration-study
#19
Julia Groening, Dustin Venini, Mandyam V Srinivasan
Despite their common use as model organisms in scientific experiments, pain and suffering in insects remains controversial and poorly understood. Here we explore potential pain experience in honeybees (Apis mellifera) by testing the self-administration of an analgesic drug. Foragers were subjected to two different types of injuries: (i) a clip that applied continuous pressure to one leg and (ii) amputation of one tarsus. The bees were given a choice between two feeders, one offering pure sucrose solution, the other sucrose solution plus morphine...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374565/three-years-of-banning-neonicotinoid-insecticides-based-on-sub-lethal-effects-can-we-expect-to-see-effects-on-bees
#20
Tjeerd Blacquière, Jozef J M van der Steen
The 2013 EU ban of three neonicotinoids used in seed coating of pollinator attractive crops was put in place because of concern about declining wild pollinator populations and numbers of honeybee colonies. It was also concluded that there is an urgent need of good field data to fill knowledge gaps. In the meantime such data have been generated. Based on recent literature we question the existence of recent pollinator declines and their possible link with the use of neonicotinoids. Because of temporal non-coincidence we conclude that declines of wild pollinators and of honeybees are not likely caused by neonicotinoids...
April 3, 2017: Pest Management Science
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