Read by QxMD icon Read

"Ketamine" and "traumatic brain injury"

Cindy Orinx, Benjamin Legros, Nicolas Gaspard
BACKGROUND: Seizures and status epilepticus (SE), both clinical and subclinical, are frequent in critically ill patients. The list of available anti-seizure medications (ASMs) is expanding and now includes older and widely used drugs as well as more recent medications with a better safety and pharmacokinetics profile. METHODS: We review a selection of recent publications about the indications and administration of ASMs in critical care for the prophylaxis and treatment of seizures and SE, focusing on recent ASMs available as intravenous formulation and emphasizing pharmacokinetics and safety issues in relation to several aspects of critical illness...
May 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
Mohammad Mehdi Maneshi, Bruce Maki, Radhakrishnan Gnanasambandam, Sophie Belin, Gabriela K Popescu, Frederick Sachs, Susan Z Hua
While studying the physiological response of primary rat astrocytes to fluid shear stress in a model of traumatic brain injury (TBI), we found that shear stress induced Ca(2+) entry. The influx was inhibited by MK-801, a specific pore blocker of N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR) channels, and this occurred in the absence of agonists. Other NMDA open channel blockers ketamine and memantine showed a similar effect. The competitive glutamate antagonists AP5 and GluN2B-selective inhibitor ifenprodil reduced NMDA-activated currents, but had no effect on the mechanically induced Ca(2+) influx...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
C-Q Wang, Y Ye, F Chen, W-C Han, J-M Sun, X Lu, R Guo, K Cao, M-J Zheng, L-C Liao
As a complex disease, traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in long-term psychiatric changes and sensorimotor and cognitive impairments. The TBI-induced loss of memory and long-term cognitive dysfunction are related to mechanistic factors including an increased inflammatory response, autophagy, edema, and ischemia. Many published studies have offered evidence for the neuroprotective effects and anti-inflammatory properties of ketamine for TBI patients. Nonetheless, there is a limited understanding of the accurate mechanism that underlies the potential neuroprotective effects of ketamine...
December 1, 2016: Neuroscience
S P Syatkin, V A Frolov, N Ya Gridina, N G Draguntseva, A S Skorik
For the development of methods of additional differential diagnostics of gliomas of various grades of malignancy and gliomas and local inflammatory processes in the CNS we studied the intensity of aggregation of peripheral blood cells under the influence of channel blockers ketamine and verapamil. In in vitro experiments, verapamil and ketamine in various dilutions (from 10 to 100,000 times) were added to blood samples and the effects of these dilutions on the intensity of blood aggregation in patients with gliomas of different degree of malignancy, traumatic brain injuries, and other types of neurosurgical pathologies were studied...
September 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Daniel N Hertle, Marina Heer, Edgar Santos, Michael Schöll, Christina M Kowoll, Christian Dohmen, Jennifer Diedler, Roland Veltkamp, Rudolf Graf, Andreas W Unterberg, Oliver W Sakowitz
OBJECTIVE: Spreading depolarization (SD) occurs after traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, malignant hemispheric stroke and intracranial hemorrhage. SD has been associated with secondary brain injury, which can be reduced by ketamine. In this present study frequency bands of electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings were investigated with regards to SDs. METHODS: A total of 43 patients after acute brain injury were included in this retrospective and explorative study...
July 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Mauro Oddo, Ilaria Alice Crippa, Sangeeta Mehta, David Menon, Jean-Francois Payen, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Giuseppe Citerio
Daily interruption of sedative therapy and limitation of deep sedation have been shown in several randomized trials to reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation and hospital length of stay, and to improve the outcome of critically ill patients. However, patients with severe acute brain injury (ABI; including subjects with coma after traumatic brain injury, ischaemic/haemorrhagic stroke, cardiac arrest, status epilepticus) were excluded from these studies. Therefore, whether the new paradigm of minimal sedation can be translated to the neuro-ICU (NICU) is unclear...
May 5, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Volodymyr B Bogdanov, Natalie A Middleton, Jeremy J Theriot, Patrick D Parker, Osama M Abdullah, Y Sungtaek Ju, Jed A Hartings, K C Brennan
UNLABELLED: Spreading depolarizations (SDs) are recognized as actors in neurological disorders as diverse as migraine and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Migraine aura involves sensory percepts, suggesting that sensory cortices might be intrinsically susceptible to SDs. We used optical imaging, MRI, and field potential and potassium electrode recordings in mice and electrocorticographic recordings in humans to determine the susceptibility of different brain regions to SDs. Optical imaging experiments in mice under isoflurane anesthesia showed that both cortical spreading depression and terminal anoxic depolarization arose preferentially in the whisker barrel region of parietal sensory cortex...
April 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Saad H Mullah, Biswajit K Saha, Rania Abutarboush, Peter B Walker, Ashraful Haque, Francoise G Arnaud, Brittany Hazzard, Charles R Auker, Richard M McCarron, Anke H Scultetus, Paula Moon-Massat
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia is a critical secondary injury mechanism in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and early intervention to alleviate post-TBI hypoxia may be beneficial. NVX-108, a dodecafluoropentane perfluorocarbon, was screened for its ability to increase brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2) when administered soon after TBI. METHODS: Ketamine-acepromazine anesthetized rats ventilated with 40% oxygen underwent moderate controlled cortical impact (CCI)-TBI at time 0 (T0)...
March 1, 2016: Brain Research
Asad E Patanwala, Jennifer R Martin, Brian L Erstad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the use of intravenous ketamine for analgosedation in the intensive care unit. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were queried from inception until July 2015. Search terms used included ketamine, intensive care, and critical care. The search retrieved 584 articles to be screened for inclusion. The intent was to include randomized controlled studies using sustained intravenous infusions (>24 hours) of ketamine in the critically ill patients...
July 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Weijun Peng, Jing Sun, Chenxia Sheng, Zhe Wang, Yang Wang, Chunhu Zhang, Rong Fan
INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for traumatic brain injury (TBI) is attractive. Conducting systematic review and meta-analyses based on data from animal studies can be used to inform clinical trial design. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to (i) systematically review the literatures describing the effect of MSCs therapy in animal models of TBI, (ii) determine the estimated effect size of functional locomotor recovery after experimental TBI, and (iii) to provide empirical evidence of biological factors associated with greater efficacy...
2015: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
John Tyler Wilson
The goal of this research was to investigate, through active-duty Army anesthesia providers, their perceptions on emergence delirium (ED) in US combat veterans. Specifically, the pharmacologic, physiologic, and psychological characteristics associated with ED. An online survey was sent to all active-duty Army anesthesia providers with a response rate of 34%. Results indicated that the providers overwhelmingly agreed that ED was related to type of anesthetic used (67.1%) with potent inhalational agents and ketamine ranking highest (88...
October 2014: AANA Journal
T A Juratli, S E Stephan, A E Stephan, S B Sobottka
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and permanent disability and a common and important global problem. The contribution of secondary posttraumatic brain damage to overall disability in TBI is significant, underlining the importance of prompt and comprehensive treatment for affected patients. METHODS: This article focuses on current concepts of prehospital and emergency room management of patients with severe TBI to prevent secondary brain injuries...
February 2015: Der Anaesthesist
Renán Sánchez-Porras, Zelong Zheng, Oliver W Sakowitz
Spreading depolarization (SD) is a wave of almost complete depolarization of the neuronal and glial cells. Nowadays there is sufficient evidence demonstrating its pathophysiological effect in migraine with aura, transient global amnesia, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, and traumatic brain injury. In these cases, occurrence of SD has been associated with functional neuronal damage, neuronal necrosis, neurological degeneration, and poor clinical outcome. Animal models show that SD can be modulated by drugs that interfere with its initiation and propagation...
2015: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Jerzy P Szaflarski, Yara Nazzal, Laura E Dreer
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to many undesired problems and complications, including immediate and long-term seizures/epilepsy, changes in mood, behavioral, and personality problems, cognitive and motor deficits, movement disorders, and sleep problems. Clinicians involved in the treatment of patients with acute TBI need to be aware of a number of issues, including the incidence and prevalence of early seizures and post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), comorbidities associated with seizures and anticonvulsant therapies, and factors that can contribute to their emergence...
2014: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
F A Zeiler, J Teitelbaum, M West, L M Gillman
Our goal was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of ketamine in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its effects on intracranial pressure (ICP). All articles from MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Global Health, HealthStar, Scopus, Cochrane Library, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (inception to November 2013), reference lists of relevant articles, and gray literature were searched. Two reviewers independently identified all manuscripts pertaining to the administration of ketamine in human TBI patients that recorded effects on ICP...
August 2014: Neurocritical Care
Marc Hein, Norbert Zoremba, Chistian Bleilevens, Christian Bruells, Rolf Rossaint, Anna B Roehl
BACKGROUND: Neuroprotective strategies in ischemic stroke are an important challenge in clinical and experimental research as an adjunct to reperfusion therapy that may reduce neurologic injury and improve outcome. The neuroprotective properties of levosimendan in traumatic brain injury in vitro, transient global brain ischemia and focal spinal cord ischemia suggest the potential for similar effects in transient brain ischemia. METHODS: Transient brain ischemia was induced for 60 min by intraluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery in 40 male Wistar rats under general anesthesia with s-ketamine and xylazine and with continuous monitoring of their blood pressure and cerebral perfusion...
2013: BMC Neurology
R Cinotti, A Roquilly, P-J Mahé, D Demeure-Dit-Latte, A-M Chupin, N Josse-Chatel, C Peneau, J Paulus, C Lejus, K Asehnoune
Major trauma remains a worldwide cause of morbi-mortality. Early mortality is the consequence of hemorrhagic shock and traumatic brain injury. During early resuscitation, anaesthesia is often mandatory to perform surgery. It is mandatory to master the hemodynamic effects of hypnotic drugs in order to anticipate their potential deleterious effects in the setting of hemorrhagic shock. After early resuscitation, trauma patients present a high prevalence of nosocomial pneumonia, which sustains major morbidity. Nosocomial pneumonia are the consequence of an overwhelming systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) as well as a trauma-related immunosuppression...
July 2013: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
Lee C Chang, Sally R Raty, Jaime Ortiz, Neil S Bailard, Sanjay J Mathew
Traditionally, the use of ketamine for patients with traumatic brain injuries is contraindicated due to the concern of increasing intracranial pressure (ICP). These concerns, however, originated from early studies and case reports that were inadequately controlled and designed. Recently, the concern of using ketamine in these patients has been challenged by a number of published studies demonstrating that the use of ketamine was safe in these patients. This article reviews the current literature in regards to using ketamine in patients with traumatic brain injuries in different clinical settings associated with anesthesia, as well as reviews the potential mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of ketamine...
June 2013: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
John Tyler Wilson, Marie E Pokorny
We conducted this qualitative study to understand the experiences of military Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) working with service personnel who have traumatic brain injury (TBI) and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and are emerging from general anesthesia. This study is important because there are no studies in the literature that describe the experiences of anesthetists working with patients with these specific problems. The leading questions were: "Out of all the anesthesia cases both abroad and stateside (post 9/11/2001), have you noticed service members wake from general anesthesia (not utilizing total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA), in a state of delirium? If so, can you tell me your experiences and thought processes as to why it was occurring?" Five themes emerged: (1) Emergence delirium (ED) exists and to a much higher degree in the military than in the general population...
August 2012: AANA Journal
Tonya Jolly, Heather S McLean
Ketamine is a well-described anesthetic and analgesic, unique in its ability to preserve laryngeal reflexes and airway protection, and offered to a wide range of patients, although not necessarily widely used. Because it is considered an anesthetic, widespread use by all sedation providers is often limited despite its long history as a safe sedative. Because of its sympathomimetic effects, ketamine may be used in patients who are hypovolemic, including those who are experiencing traumatic or obstetric emergencies...
November 2012: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"