keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

rifampin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933189/reply-rifampin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-a-patient-on-chronic-rifaximin
#1
Paul Lewis, Imran A Khan, Paras D Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931126/cutaneous-mycobacterium-gordonae-infection-in-an-elderly-diabetic-returned-traveller
#2
Ibrahim Al-Busaidi, Daniel Wong, Andrea K Boggild
Mycobacterium gordonae, a low pathogenicity organism, is rarely implicated in skin and soft tissue infections. We present a 77-year-old returned diabetic traveler from rural Sudan with cutaneous M. gordonae infection. Several months of ciprofloxacin, rifampin and ethambutol led to resolution of his plaque, without signs of recurrence at 6-month follow-up.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930567/molecular-mechanisms-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-resistance-to-antimicrobial-drugs
#3
Tomislav Mestrovic, Suncanica Ljubin-Sternak
Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is a leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections in developed and undeveloped countries, and therefore a global public health issue. In an era of increasing bacterial resistance to antibiotics, resistance has been an exceedingly rare phenomenon in C. trachomatis; however, clinical treatment failures attributed to multidrug-resistant C. trachomatis strains have been described on several occasions. Cell culture systems using McCoy cells and subsequent immunofluorescent staining are still the most common methodology used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, but the presence of resistance markers should be appraised by further genetic analysis...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924723/sixteen-chinese-pediatric-brucellosis-patients-onset-of-fever-in-non-epidemic-areas-and-8-developed-with-osteoarticular-involvement
#4
Xinning Wang, Yuchun Yan, Fengqi Wu, Gaixiu Su, Shengnan Li, Xinyu Yuan, Jianming Lai, Zhixuan Zhou
The purpose of this study is to summarize the manifestations, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of childhood brucellosis in non-epidemic areas of China. A retrospective review of 16 admitted children patients with brucella's disease who were diagnosed of brucellosis during the period from 2011 to 2016 was performed. Diagnostic criteria, clinical presentations, and outcomes were recorded. The most common symptom was fever. Osteoarticular involvement was found in 50% of the patients. They were infected by contacting with infected animals or consuming of unpasteurized milk or meat of sheep or goats, also...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915357/a-i-yigp-i-mutant-strain-is-a-small-colony-variant-of-i-e-coli-i-and-shows-pleiotropic-antibiotic-resistance
#5
Hui Xia, Qiongwei Tang, Jie Song, Jiang Ye, Haizhen Wu, Huizhan Zhang
Small colony variants (SCVs) are a commonly observed subpopulation of bacteria that have a small colony size and distinctive biochemical characteristics. SCVs are more resistant to some antibiotics than the wild-type, and usually cause persistent infections in the clinic. SCV studies have been very active during the past two decades, especially of <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i>. However, fewer studies on <i>Escherichia coli </i>SCVs exist, so we studied an <i>E. coli </i>SCV during an experiment involving the deletion of the<i> yigP</i> locus...
September 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912253/physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-model-predictions-of-panobinostat-lbh589-as-a-victim-and-perpetrator-of-drug-drug-interactions
#6
Heidi J Einolf, Wen Lin, Christina S Won, Lai Wang, Helen Gu, Dung Yu Chun, Handan He, James B Mangold
Panobinostat (Farydak®) is an orally active hydroxamic acid derived histone deacetylase inhibitor for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Based upon recombinant cytochrome P450 (CYP) kinetic analyses in vitro, panobinostat oxidative metabolism in human liver microsomes was found to be primarily mediated by CYP3A4 with lower contributions by CYP2D6 and CYP2C19. Panobinostat was also shown to be an in vitro reversible and time-dependent inhibitor of CYP3A4/5, and a reversible inhibitor of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19...
September 14, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910939/-genotyping-and-drug-susceptibility-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolated-in-changping-district-in-beijing-2011-2015
#7
Z G Zhang, J F Wu, L Wang, L Q Wang, L Han, S B Ma, T J Gao
Objective: To understand the genotype distribution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the drug susceptibility of M. tuberculosis with different genotypes in Changping district of Beijing and evaluate the application of genotyping of M. tuberculosis in local tuberculosis (TB) prevention and control. Methods: A total of 1 099 M. tuberculosis strains isolated in Changping from 2011 to 2015 were used. Spoligotyping and 12-locus VNTR recommended by Gao were used for the genotyping of these isolates. In addition, the susceptibility of the M...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904017/eliciting-improved-antibacterial-efficacy-of-host-proteins-in-the-presence-of-antibiotics
#8
Joanna Jammal, Fadia Zaknoon, Amram Mor
We recently reported the aptitude of a membrane-active lipopeptide (C10OOc12O) to sensitize gram-negative bacilli (GNB) to host antibacterial proteins. Here we explored the potential of harnessing such capacity in the presence of antibiotics. For this purpose, we compared Escherichia coli sensitization to antibiotics in broth and plasma; assessed inner and outer membrane damages using scanning electron microscopy, dyes, and mutant strains; and assessed the ability to affect disease course using the mouse peritonitis-sepsis model for mono- and combination therapies...
September 13, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902383/-bcgitis-with-involvement-of-lung-liver-and-bone-marrow%C3%A2-after-immunotherapy-of-urothelial-cancer
#9
Hilte Friederike Geerdes-Fenge, Franziska Stubbe, Micha Löbermann, Philipp Warnke, Andreas Erbersdobler, Emil Christian Reisinger
Medical history A 77-year-old patient with transurethral resection of a bladder tumor was transferred due to persistent fever and progressive dyspnea despite antibiotic therapy for suspected urinary tract infection. Repeating the medical history revealed that a BCG immunotherapy of his non-muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma was performed the day before fever developed. Therefore, BCGitis was suspected. Examinations Laboratory parameters showed pancytopenia, elevated liver enzymes, eleveated C-reactive protein and hypoxemia...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899805/performance-of-genotype-%C3%A2-mtbdrplus-assay-in-the-diagnosis-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-tangier-morocco
#10
Hind Karimi, Latifa En-Nanai, Amal Oudghiri, Imane Chaoui, Amin Laglaoui, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Mohammed El Mzibri, Mohammed Abid
OBJECTIVES: In Morocco, tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem with high morbidity and mortality. The main problem faced by the National TB program is the high rate of drug resistant (DR), particularly multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains. Diagnosis of DR-TB is mainly performed by conventional techniques which are time consuming with limited efficacy. In 2014, GenoType(®) MTBDRplus assay was introduced in Morocco for drug resistance testing. In this regard, the present study was planned to assess the diagnostic accuracy of GenoType(®) MTBDRplus assay...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895161/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-antitubercular-agents-for-disseminated-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-during-intermittent-haemodialysis-and-continuous-venovenous-haemofiltration
#11
J H Sin, R H Elshaboury, R M Hurtado, A R Letourneau, R G Gandhi
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data regarding therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of antitubercular agents in the setting of continuous venovenous haemofiltration (CVVH). We describe TDM results of numerous antitubercular agents in a critically ill patient during CVVH and haemodialysis. CASE SUMMARY: A 49-year-old man was initiated on treatment for disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis. During hospital admission, the patient developed critical illness and required renal replacement therapy...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895024/tuberculosis-meningitis
#12
REVIEW
Kassem Bourgi, Christina Fiske, Timothy R Sterling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the most severe form of tuberculosis (TB), TB meningitis disproportionately affects developing countries and results in significant morbidity and mortality. In this report, we review recent updates in the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of TB meningitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Young children and people living with HIV continue to be at highest risk for TB meningitis. Early diagnosis remains challenging, especially since conventional diagnostic tests have sub-optimal sensitivity and specificity...
September 11, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893776/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-subculture-results-in-loss-of-potentially-clinically-relevant-heteroresistance
#13
John Z Metcalfe, Elizabeth Streicher, Grant Theron, Rebecca E Colman, Renee Penaloza, Christopher Allender, Darrin Lemmer, Robin M Warren, David M Engelthaler
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is a major public health dilemma. Heteroresistance, the co-existence of drug-resistant and drug-susceptible strains, or multiple drug-resistant strains with discrete haplotypes, may affect accurate diagnosis and institution of effective treatment. Subculture, or passage of cells onto fresh growth medium, is utilized to preserve M. tuberculosis cell lines and is universally employed in TB diagnostics. The impact of such passages, typically performed in the absence of drug, on drug-resistant subpopulations is hypothesized to vary according to the competitive costs of genotypic resistance-associated variants...
September 11, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887015/bedaquiline-or-delamanid-for-rifampin-resistant-tuberculosis
#14
Erica Lessem, Vivian Cox, Jennifer Furin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884303/efficacy-and-safety-of-clindamycin-based-treatment-for-bone-and-joint-infections-a-cohort-study
#15
J Courjon, E Demonchy, E Cua, E Bernard, P-M Roger
Clindamycin has high bioavailability together with good diffusion in bone tissue and could represent an alternative antibiotic compound for the treatment of bone and joint infections (BJIs). However, data regarding the efficacy and safety of clindamycin for BJIs are limited. A monocentric cohort study based on our medical dashboard, which prospectively recorded 28 characteristics for all hospitalized patients since July 2005, was performed. BJIs were selected, and then, all mono-microbial BJI managed with clindamycin-based therapy were included...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881378/effects-of-rifampin-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-a-single-dose-of-istradefylline-in-healthy-subjects
#16
Mayumi Mukai, Tatsuo Uchimura, Xiaoping Zhang, Douglas Greene, Maria Vergeire, Marc Cantillon
Istradefylline, a selective adenosine A2A inhibitor, is under development for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. The effect of oral steady-state rifampin 600 mg/day, a potent cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inducer, on the disposition of a single oral dose of istradefylline 40 mg was determined in a crossover study in 20 healthy subjects by measuring plasma concentrations of istradefylline and its M1 and M8 metabolites and their derived pharmacokinetic parameters. Based on the geometric mean ratio of log-transformed data, rifampin reduced istradefylline exposure: Cmax , 0...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875385/possible-probiotic-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-oysters-crassostrea-gigas
#17
Chang-Ho Kang, Takyong Gu, Jae-Seong So
We attempted to isolate lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from the marine oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and selected several environmental stress-resistant isolates for the development of a future probiotic adjuvant for marine aquaculture. Twenty-six presumptive LAB isolates were extracted from oysters and screened (by an agar diffusion assay) for antimicrobial activity toward various pathogens: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Streptococcus iniae, and Edwardsiella tarda. Eight isolates had an antibacterial activity toward V...
September 5, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874368/immunodeficiency-and-intermittent-dosing-promote-acquired-rifamycin-monoresistance-in-murine-tuberculosis
#18
Sang-Won Park, Rokeya Tasneen, Paul J Converse, Eric L Nuermberger
More permissive preclinical models may be useful in evaluating anti-tuberculosis regimens for their propensity to select drug-resistant mutants. To evaluate whether acquired rifamycin monoresistance could be recapitulated in mice and, if so, to evaluate the effects of immunodeficiency, intermittent dosing and drug exposures. Athymic nude and BALB/c mice were infected. Controls received daily rifapentine alone or 2 months of rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol, followed by 4 months of rifampin/isoniazid, either daily or twice-weekly with one of two isoniazid doses...
September 5, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870736/role-of-rifampin-for-the-treatment-of-bacterial-infections-other-than-mycobacteriosis
#19
REVIEW
Chun-Yuan Lee, Chung-Hao Huang, Po-Liang Lu, Wen-Chien Ko, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Ren Hsueh
OBJECTIVES: Rifampin was initially approved for the treatment of tuberculosis. Because of its low toxicity, broad-spectrum activity, and good bioavailability, rifampin is now commonly administered as combination antimicrobial therapy for the treatment of various infections caused by organisms other than mycobacteria. This review summarizes the most recent clinical studies on the use of rifampin combinations for treating four common non-mycobacterial infections: acute bacterial meningitis, infective endocarditis and bacteraemia, pneumonia, and biofilm-related infections...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856745/using-known-drug-interactions-to-manage-supratherapeutic-calcineurin-inhibitor-concentrations
#20
REVIEW
Nicholas W Lange, David M Salerno, Karen Berger, Demetra S Tsapepas
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the available body of evidence guiding the management of supratherapeutic concentrations of calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) using cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme inducers. METHODS: A non-date restricted literature search within MEDLINE, Embase, and Scopus was performed using the terms "cyclosporine", "tacrolimus", "calcineurin inhibitor", "toxicity", "pharmacokinetics", "carbamazepine", "rifampin", "phenytoin", and "phenobarbital." Additional references were identified from a review of all included citations...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
keyword
keyword
69216
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"