keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Engineered myocardium

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233823/large-cardiac-muscle-patches-engineered-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiac-cells-improve-recovery-from-myocardial-infarction-in-swine
#1
Ling Gao, Zachery R Gregorich, Wuqiang Zhu, Saidulu Mattapally, Yasin Oduk, Xi Lou, Ramaswamy Kannappan, Anton V Borovjagin, Gregory P Walcott, Andrew E Pollard, Vladimir G Fast, Xinyang Hu, Steven G Lloyd, Ying Ge, Jianyi Zhang
Background -Here, we generated human cardiac muscle patches (hCMPs) of clinically relevant dimensions (4 cm × 2 cm × 1.25 mm) by suspending cardiomyocytes, smooth-muscle cells, and endothelial cells that had been differentiated from human induced-pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) in a fibrin scaffold and then culturing the construct on a dynamic (rocking) platform. Methods -In vitro assessments of hCMPs suggest maturation in response to dynamic culture stimulation. In vivo assessments were conducted in a porcine model of myocardial infarction (MI)...
December 12, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184059/cardiopatch-platform-enables-maturation-and-scale-up-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-engineered-heart-tissues
#2
Ilya Y Shadrin, Brian W Allen, Ying Qian, Christopher P Jackman, Aaron L Carlson, Mark E Juhas, Nenad Bursac
Despite increased use of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) for drug development and disease modeling studies, methods to generate large, functional heart tissues for human therapy are lacking. Here we present a "Cardiopatch" platform for 3D culture and maturation of hiPSC-CMs that after 5 weeks of differentiation show robust electromechanical coupling, consistent H-zones, I-bands, and evidence for T-tubules and M-bands. Cardiopatch maturation markers and functional output increase during culture, approaching values of adult myocardium...
November 28, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129433/nanoparticulate-specific-effects-of-silver-on-teleost-cardiac-contractility
#3
Neal Ingraham Callaghan, Kenneth Javier Williams, J Craig Bennett, Tyson James MacCormack
Silver nanoparticles (nAg), due to their biocidal properties, are common in medical applications and are used in more consumer products than any other engineered nanomaterial. This growing abundance, combined with their ability to translocate across the epithelium and bioaccumulate, suggests that internalized nAg may present a risk of toxicity to many organisms in the future. However, little experimentation has been devoted to cardiac responses to acute nAg exposure, even though nAg is known to disrupt ion channels even when ionic Ag(+) does not...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107590/human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiac-tissue-like-constructs-for-repairing-the-infarcted-myocardium
#4
Junjun Li, Itsunari Minami, Motoko Shiozaki, Leqian Yu, Shin Yajima, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yuji Shiba, Nobuhiro Morone, Satsuki Fukushima, Momoko Yoshioka, Sisi Li, Jing Qiao, Xin Li, Lin Wang, Hidetoshi Kotera, Norio Nakatsuji, Yoshiki Sawa, Yong Chen, Li Liu
High-purity cardiomyocytes (CMs) derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are promising for drug development and myocardial regeneration. However, most hiPSC-derived CMs morphologically and functionally resemble immature rather than adult CMs, which could hamper their application. Here, we obtained high-quality cardiac tissue-like constructs (CTLCs) by cultivating hiPSC-CMs on low-thickness aligned nanofibers made of biodegradable poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) polymer. We show that multilayered and elongated CMs could be organized at high density along aligned nanofibers in a simple one-step seeding process, resulting in upregulated cardiac biomarkers and enhanced cardiac functions...
November 14, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076427/engineered-nanoparticles-their-properties-and-putative-applications-for-therapeutic-approaches-utilizing-stem-cells-for-the-repair-of-atherosclerotic-disease
#5
Dimitry A Chistiakov, Alexandra A Melnichenko, Alexander N Orekhov, Yuri V Bobryshev
BACKGROUND: Stem cell therapy was established as a promising approach for regenerative medicine applications such as cardiac repair. However, current stem cell-based therapeutic strategies have serious challenges such as low retention and viability of transplanted stem cells in the injured myocardium. This significantly limits efficiency of stem cell therapy. In addition, poor knowledge about the fate and survival of stem cells after transplantation represents a major reason of conflicting results from recent clinical studies...
October 27, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076304/review-of-the-emerging-role-of-optical-polarimetry-in-characterization-of-pathological-myocardium
#6
Iftikhar Ahmad
Myocardial infarction (MI), a cause of significant morbidity and mortality, is typically followed by microstructural alterations where the necrotic myocardium is steadily replaced with a collagen scar. Engineered remodeling of the fibrotic scar via stem cell regeneration has been shown to improve/restore the myocardium function after MI. Nevertheless, the heterogeneous nature of the scar patch may impair the myocardial electrical integrity, leading to the formation of arrhythmogenesis. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) offers an effective treatment for focal arrhythmias where local heating generated via electric current at specific spots in the myocardium ablate the arrhythmogenic foci...
October 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052369/protein-polysaccharide-based-scaffolds-mimicking-native-extracellular-matrix-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering-applications
#7
Elisabetta Rosellini, Yu Shrike Zhang, Bianca Migliori, Niccoletta Barbani, Luigi Lazzeri, Su Ryon Shin, Mehmet Remzi Dokmeci, Maria Grazia Cascone
Tissue engineering has emerged as a viable approach to treat disease or repair damage in tissues and organs. One of the key elements for the success of tissue engineering is the use of a scaffold serving as artificial extracellular matrix (ECM). The ECM hosts the cells and improves their survival, proliferation, and differentiation, enabling the formation of new tissue. Here, we propose the development of a class of protein/polysaccharide-based porous scaffolds for use as ECM substitutes in cardiac tissue engineering...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050528/uv-assisted-3d-bioprinting-of-nano-reinforced-hybrid-cardiac-patch-for-myocardial-tissue-engineering
#8
Mohammad Izadifar, Dean Chapman, Paul Babyn, Xiongbiao Chen, Michael E Kelly
Biofabrication of cell supportive cardiac patches that can be directly implanted on myocardial infarct is a potential solution for myocardial infarction repair. Ideally, cardiac patches should be able to mimic myocardium extracellular matrix for rapid integration with the host tissue, raising the need to develop cardiac constructs with complex features. In particular, cardiac patches should be electrically conductive, mechanically robust and elastic, biologically active and pre-vascularized.. In this study, we aim to biofabricate a nano-reinforced hybrid cardiac patch laden with human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) with improved electrical, mechanical and biological behavior...
October 19, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024059/superaligned-carbon-nanotubes-guide-oriented-cell-growth-and-promote-electrophysiological-homogeneity-for-synthetic-cardiac-tissues
#9
Jing Ren, Quanfu Xu, Xiaomeng Chen, Wei Li, Kai Guo, Yang Zhao, Qian Wang, Zhitao Zhang, Huisheng Peng, Yi-Gang Li
Cardiac engineering of patches and tissues is a promising option to restore infarcted hearts, by seeding cardiac cells onto scaffolds and nurturing their growth in vitro. However, current patches fail to fully imitate the hierarchically aligned structure in the natural myocardium, the fast electrotonic propagation, and the subsequent synchronized contractions. Here, superaligned carbon-nanotube sheets (SA-CNTs) are explored to culture cardiomyocytes, mimicking the aligned structure and electrical-impulse transmission behavior of the natural myocardium...
October 11, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994225/scaffold-composition-determines-the-angiogenic-outcome-of-cell-based-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-expression-by-modulating-its-microenvironmental-distribution
#10
Emanuele Gaudiello, Ludovic Melly, Giulia Cerino, Stefano Boccardo, Sasan Jalili-Firoozinezhad, Lifen Xu, Friedrich Eckstein, Ivan Martin, Beat A Kaufmann, Andrea Banfi, Anna Marsano
Delivery of genetically modified cells overexpressing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is a promising approach to induce therapeutic angiogenesis in ischemic tissues. The effect of the protein is strictly modulated by its interaction with the components of the extracellular matrix. Its therapeutic potential depends on a sustained but controlled release at the microenvironmental level in order to avoid the formation of abnormal blood vessels. In this study, it is hypothesized that the composition of the scaffold plays a key role in modulating the binding, hence the therapeutic effect, of the VEGF released by 3D-cell constructs...
October 10, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962583/engineering-human-ventricular-heart-muscles-based-on-a-highly-efficient-system-for-purification-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-ventricular-cardiomyocytes
#11
Bin Li, Hui Yang, Xiaochen Wang, Yongkun Zhan, Wei Sheng, Huanhuan Cai, Haoyang Xin, Qianqian Liang, Ping Zhou, Chao Lu, Ruizhe Qian, Sifeng Chen, Pengyuan Yang, Jianyi Zhang, Weinian Shou, Guoying Huang, Ping Liang, Ning Sun
BACKGROUND: Most infarctions occur in the left anterior descending coronary artery and cause myocardium damage of the left ventricle. Although current pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and directed cardiac differentiation techniques are able to generate fetal-like human cardiomyocytes, isolation of pure ventricular cardiomyocytes has been challenging. For repairing ventricular damage, we aimed to establish a highly efficient purification system to obtain homogeneous ventricular cardiomyocytes and prepare engineered human ventricular heart muscles in a dish...
September 29, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924210/kinase-inhibitor-screening-using-artificial-neural-networks-and-engineered-cardiac-biowires
#12
Genevieve Conant, Samad Ahadian, Yimu Zhao, Milica Radisic
Kinase inhibitors are often used as cancer targeting agents for their ability to prevent the activation of cell growth and proliferation signals. Cardiotoxic effects have been identified for some marketed kinase inhibitors that were not detected during clinical trials. We hypothesize that more predictive cardiac functional assessments of kinase inhibitors on human myocardium can be established by combining a high-throughput two-dimensional (2D) screening assay and a high-content three-dimensional (3D) engineered cardiac tissue (Biowire(TM)) based assay, and using human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived CMs (hiPSC-CMs)...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923324/regenerating-heart-using-a-novel-compound-and-human-wharton-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#13
Shahram Rabbani, Masoud Soleimani, Mohammad Imani, Mohammad Sahebjam, Ali Ghiaseddin, Seyed Mahdi Nassiri, Jalil Majd Ardakani, Maryam Tajik Rostami, Arash Jalali, Bahmanshir Mousanassab, Mahsa Kheradmandi, Seyed Hossein Ahmadi Tafti
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is a major problem in health system and most conventional therapy is not led to restoration of the health. Stem cell therapy is a method to regenerate the heart but today appropriate cell source and scaffold selection as extracellular matrix to achieve the best effect is disputing. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study a combination of human Wharton jelly mesenchymal stem cells (HWJMSCs) with a novel compound consisting polyethylene glycol (PEG), hyaluronic acid and chitosan is presented to heart regeneration...
April 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919576/simulation-of-the-effects-of-oxygen-carriers-and-scaffold-geometry-on-oxygen-distribution-and-cell-growth-in-a-channeled-scaffold-for-engineering-myocardium
#14
Alireza Zehi Mofrad, Shohreh Mashayekhan, Dariush Bastani
This study proposes a mathematical model to evaluate the impact of oxygen carriers and scaffold geometry on oxygen distribution and cell growth in a 3D cardiac construct using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Flow equations, oxygen balance equation and cell balance equation were solved using special initial and boundary conditions. The modeling results revealed that 55% increase in cardiac cell density occurred by using 6.4% perfluorocarbon oxygen carrier (PFC) compared to pure culture medium without PFC supplementation...
September 14, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900504/platelet-targeted-delivery-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-to-the-ischemic-heart-restores-cardiac-function-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#15
Melanie Ziegler, Xiaowei Wang, Bock Lim, Ephraem Leitner, Franco Klingberg, Victoria Ching, Yu Yao, Dexing Huang, Xiao-Ming Gao, Helen Kiriazis, Xiao-Jun Du, Jody J Haigh, Alex Bobik, Christoph E Hagemeyer, Ingo Ahrens, Karlheinz Peter
One of the major hurdles in intravenous regenerative cell therapy is the low homing efficiency to the area where these cells are needed. To increase cell homing toward areas of myocardial damage, we developed a bispecific tandem single-chain antibody (Tand-scFvSca-1+GPIIb/IIIa) that binds with high affinity to activated platelets via the activated glycoprotein (GP)IIb/IIIa receptor, and to a subset of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) which express the stem cell antigen-1 (Sca-1) receptor. Methods: The Tand-scFvSca-1+GPIIb/IIIa was engineered, characterized and tested in a mouse model of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury applying left coronary artery occlusion for 60 min...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888004/cardiomyocyte-coculture-on-layered-fibrous-scaffolds-assembled-from-micropatterned-electrospun-mats
#16
Yaowen Liu, Guisen Xu, Jiaojun Wei, Qiang Wu, Xiaohong Li
Challenges remain in engineering cardiac tissues with functional and morphological properties similar to those of native myocardium. In the current study, micropatterned fibrous mats are obtained by deposition of electrospun fibers on lithographic collectors to reproduce the anisotropic structure of myocardium, and carbon nanotubes are included in fibers to provide conductivities at the same level of cardiac muscles. The patterned mats are assembled layer-by-layer into patterned scaffolds for coculture of primary cardiomyocytes (CMs) with cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and endothelial cells (ECs)...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875579/a-cardiac-patch-from-aligned-microvessel-and-cardiomyocyte-patches
#17
Jeremy A Schaefer, Pilar A Guzman, Sonja B Riemenschneider, Timothy J Kamp, Robert T Tranquillo
Cardiac tissue engineering aims to produce replacement tissue patches in the lab to replace or treat infarcted myocardium. However, current patches lack pre-formed microvascularization and are therefore limited in thickness and force production. In the present study, we sought to assess whether a bi-layer patch composed of a layer made from human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) and a microvessel layer composed of self-assembled human blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) and pericytes (PCs) was capable of engrafting on the epicardial surface of a nude rat infarct model and becoming perfused by the host four weeks after acute implantation...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805830/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-analysis-of-visible-light-crosslinkable-gelatin-methacryloyl-gelma-hydrogels
#18
Iman Noshadi, Seonki Hong, Kelly E Sullivan, Ehsan Shirzaei Sani, Roberto Portillo-Lara, Ali Tamayol, Su Ryon Shin, Albert E Gao, Whitney L Stoppel, Lauren D Black Iii, Ali Khademhosseini, Nasim Annabi
Photocrosslinkable materials have been frequently used for constructing soft and biomimetic hydrogels for tissue engineering. Although ultraviolet (UV) light is commonly used for photocrosslinking such materials, its use has been associated with several biosafety concerns such as DNA damage, accelerated aging of tissues, and cancer. Here we report an injectable visible light crosslinked gelatin-based hydrogel for myocardium regeneration. Mechanical characterization revealed that the compressive moduli of the engineered hydrogels could be tuned in the range of 5-56 kPa by changing the concentrations of the initiator, co-initiator and co-monomer in the precursor formulation...
September 26, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781077/embryonic-stem-cell-differentiation-to-functional-arterial-endothelial-cells-through-sequential-activation-of-etv2-and-notch1-signaling-by-hif1%C3%AE
#19
Kit Man Tsang, James S Hyun, Kwong Tai Cheng, Micaela Vargas, Dolly Mehta, Masuko Ushio-Fukai, Li Zou, Kostandin V Pajcini, Jalees Rehman, Asrar B Malik
The generation of functional arterial endothelial cells (aECs) from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) holds great promise for vascular tissue engineering. However, the mechanisms underlying their generation and the potential of aECs in revascularizing ischemic tissue are not fully understood. Here, we observed that hypoxia exposure of mouse ESCs induced an initial phase of HIF1α-mediated upregulation of the transcription factor Etv2, which in turn induced the commitment to the EC fate. However, sustained activation of HIF1α in these EC progenitors thereafter induced NOTCH1 signaling that promoted the transition to aEC fate...
September 12, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780562/rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-the-adipose-graft-transposition-procedure-in-patients-with-a-myocardial-scar-the-agtp-ii-trial
#20
Paloma Gastelurrutia, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Maria Luisa Cámara, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Pablo García-Pavia, Pablo Avanzas, J Alberto San Román, Domingo Pascual-Figal, Eduardo de Teresa, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Nicolás Manito, Julio Núñez, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Ángel Caballero, Albert Teis, Josep Lupón, Ramón Brugada, Carlos Martín, Jacobo Silva, Ana Revilla-Orodea, Sergio J Cánovas, Jose M Melero, Jose J Cuenca-Castillo, Angel Gonzalez-Pinto, Antoni Bayes-Genis
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac adipose tissue is a source of progenitor cells with regenerative capacity. Studies in rodents demonstrated that the intramyocardial delivery of cells derived from this tissue improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). We developed a new reparative approach for damaged myocardium that integrates the regenerative properties of cardiac adipose tissue with tissue engineering. In the adipose graft transposition procedure (AGTP), we dissect a vascularised flap of autologous pericardial adipose tissue and position it over the myocardial scarred area...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
6921
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"