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Engineered myocardium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629892/engineered-myocardium-model-to-study-the-roles-of-hif-1%C3%AE-and-hif1a-as1-in-paracrine-only-signaling-under-pathological-level-oxidative-stress
#1
Aylin Acun, Pinar Zorlutuna
Studying heart tissue is critical for understanding and developing treatments for cardiovascular diseases. In this work, we fabricated precisely controlled and biomimetic engineered model tissues to study how cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions influence myocardial cell survival upon exposure to pathological level oxidative stress. Specifically, the interactions of endothelial cells (ECs) and cardiomyocytes (CMs), and the role of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), with its novel alternative regulator, HIF-1α antisense RNA1 (HIF1A-AS1), in these interactions were investigated...
June 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590127/interwoven-aligned-conductive-nanofiber-yarn-hydrogel-composite-scaffolds-for-engineered-3d-cardiac-anisotropy
#2
Yaobin Wu, Ling Wang, Baolin Guo, Peter X Ma
Mimicking the anisotropic cardiac structure and guiding 3D cellular orientation play a critical role in designing scaffolds for cardiac tissue regeneration. Significant advances have been achieved to control cellular alignment and elongation, but it remains an ongoing challenge for engineering 3D cardiac anisotropy using these approaches. Here, we present a 3D hybrid scaffold based on aligned conductive nanofiber yarns network (NFYs-NET, composition: polycaprolactone, silk fibroin, and carbon nanotubes) within a hydrogel shell for mimicking the native cardiac tissue structure, and further demonstrate their great potential for engineering 3D cardiac anisotropy for cardiac tissue engineering...
June 7, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574348/direct-multitype-cardiac-indices-estimation-via-joint-representation-and-regression-learning
#3
Wufeng Xue, Ali Islam, Mousumi Bhaduri, Shuo Li
Cardiac indices estimation is of great importance during identification and diagnosis of cardiac disease in clinical routine. However, estimation of multitype cardiac indices with consistently reliable and high accuracy is still a great challenge due to the high variability of cardiac structures and complexity of temporal dynamics in cardiac MR sequences. While efforts have been devoted into cardiac volumes estimation through feature engineering followed by a independent regression model, these methods suffer from the vulnerable feature representation and incompatible regression model...
May 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525361/engineering-of-biodegradable-magnesium-alloy-scaffolds-to-stabilize-biological-myocardial-grafts
#4
Tobias Schilling, Michael Bauer, Christian Biskup, Axel Haverich, Thomas Hassel
OBJECTIVE: Regenerative bioprostheses are being investigated for replacement of dysfunctional myocardium worldwide. The aim of this study was to develop a degradable magnesium structure to mechanically support the delicate biological grafts during the early remodeling phase. METHODS: Sheets of magnesium alloys (LA33, LA63 and AX30) were manufactured into scaffolds by abrasive water jet cutting. Thereafter, their surface properties, corrosion kinetics, and breakage behaviors were investigated...
May 19, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516795/a-comprehensive-guide-to-telocytes-and-their-great-potential-in-cardiovascular-system
#5
I Kucybala, P Janas, S Ciuk, W Cholopiak, W Klimek-Piotrowska, M K Holda
Telocytes, a recently discovered type of interstitial cells, have a very distinctive morphology - the small cell body with long extensions, named telopodes. In our review, apart from introducing general aspects of telocytes, we focus on properties, functions and future potential of those cells in cardiovascular system. However, physiological functions of telocytes in cardiovascular system are still regarded as quite enigmatic. Previous studies claim that they play a role in organogenesis and regeneration, bioelectrical signalling, mechanoelectrical coupling, anti-oxidative protection, angiogenesis and regulation of blood flow...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483831/one-stride-forward-maturation-and-scalable-production-of-engineered-human-myocardium
#6
EDITORIAL
Xiulan Yang, Charles E Murry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459804/transplantation-of-hgf-gene-engineered-skeletal-myoblasts-improve-infarction-recovery-in-a-rat-myocardial-ischemia-model
#7
Shu-Ling Rong, Xiao-Lin Wang, Cui-Ying Zhang, Zhuo-Hui Song, Lu-Hua Cui, Xiao-Feng He, Xu-Jiong Li, Hui-Jin Du, Bao Li
BACKGROUND: Skeletal myoblast transplantation seems a promising approach for the repair of myocardial infarction (MI). However, the low engraftment efficacy and impaired angiogenic ability limit the clinical efficiency of the myoblasts. Gene engineering with angiogenic growth factors promotes angiogenesis and enhances engraftment of transplanted skeletal myoblasts, leading to improved infarction recovery in myocardial ischemia. The present study evaluated the therapeutic effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene-engineered skeletal myoblasts on tissue regeneration and restoration of heart function in a rat MI model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455218/age-dependent-functional-crosstalk-between-cardiac-fibroblasts-and-cardiomyocytes-in-a-3d-engineered-cardiac-tissue
#8
Yanzhen Li, Huda Asfour, Nenad Bursac
Complex heterocellular interactions between cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts in the heart involve their bidirectional signaling via cell-cell contacts, paracrine factors, and extracellular matrix (ECM). These interactions vary with heart development and pathology leading to changes in cardiac structure and function. Whether cardiac fibroblasts of different ages interact differentially with cardiomyocytes to distinctly impact their function remains unknown. Here, we explored the direct structural and functional effects of fetal and adult cardiac fibroblasts on cardiomyocytes using a tissue-engineered 3D co-culture system...
April 25, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343439/toward-improved-myocardial-maturity-in-an-organ-on-chip-platform-with-immature-cardiac-myocytes
#9
Sean P Sheehy, Anna Grosberg, Pu Qin, David J Behm, John P Ferrier, Mackenzie A Eagleson, Alexander P Nesmith, David Krull, James G Falls, Patrick H Campbell, Megan L McCain, Robert N Willette, Erding Hu, Kevin K Parker
In vitro studies of cardiac physiology and drug response have traditionally been performed on individual isolated cardiomyocytes or isotropic monolayers of cells that may not mimic desired physiological traits of the laminar adult myocardium. Recent studies have reported a number of advances to Heart-on-a-Chip platforms for the fabrication of more sophisticated engineered myocardium, but cardiomyocyte immaturity remains a challenge. In the anisotropic musculature of the heart, interactions between cardiac myocytes, the extracellular matrix (ECM), and neighboring cells give rise to changes in cell shape and tissue architecture that have been implicated in both development and disease...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335261/nanomaterials-for-cardiac-myocyte-tissue-engineering
#10
REVIEW
Rodolfo Amezcua, Ajay Shirolkar, Carolyn Fraze, David A Stout
Since their synthesizing introduction to the research community, nanomaterials have infiltrated almost every corner of science and engineering. Over the last decade, one such field has begun to look at using nanomaterials for beneficial applications in tissue engineering, specifically, cardiac tissue engineering. During a myocardial infarction, part of the cardiac muscle, or myocardium, is deprived of blood. Therefore, the lack of oxygen destroys cardiomyocytes, leaving dead tissue and possibly resulting in the development of arrhythmia, ventricular remodeling, and eventual heart failure...
July 19, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323876/pim1-minicircle-as-a-therapeutic-treatment-for-myocardial-infarction
#11
Nan Liu, Bingyan J Wang, Kathleen M Broughton, Roberto Alvarez, Sailay Siddiqi, Rebeca Loaiza, Nicky Nguyen, Pearl Quijada, Natalie Gude, Mark A Sussman
PIM1, a pro-survival gene encoding a serine/ threonine kinase, influences cell proliferation and survival. Modification of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) or cardiomyocytes with PIM1 using a lentivirus-based delivery method showed long-term improved cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). However, lentivirus based delivery methods have stringent FDA regulation with respect to clinical trials. To provide an alternative and low risk PIM1 delivery method, this study examined the use of a non-viral modified plasmid-minicircle (MC) as a vehicle to deliver PIM1 into mouse CPCs (mCPCs) in vitro and the myocardium in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297585/electromechanical-conditioning-of-adult-progenitor-cells-improves-recovery-of-cardiac-function-after-myocardial-infarction
#12
Aida Llucià-Valldeperas, Carolina Soler-Botija, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Santiago Roura, Cristina Prat-Vidal, Isaac Perea-Gil, Benjamin Sanchez, Ramon Bragos, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, Antoni Bayes-Genis
Cardiac cells are subjected to mechanical and electrical forces, which regulate gene expression and cellular function. Therefore, in vitro electromechanical stimuli could benefit further integration of therapeutic cells into the myocardium. Our goals were (a) to study the viability of a tissue-engineered construct with cardiac adipose tissue-derived progenitor cells (cardiac ATDPCs) and (b) to examine the effect of electromechanically stimulated cardiac ATDPCs within a myocardial infarction (MI) model in mice for the first time...
March 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289246/the-heart-and-great-vessels
#13
Ekene Onwuka, Nakesha King, Eric Heuer, Christopher Breuer
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. We have made large strides over the past few decades in management, but definitive therapeutic options to address this health-care burden are still limited. Given the ever-increasing need, much effort has been spent creating engineered tissue to replaced diseased tissue. This article gives a general overview of this work as it pertains to the development of great vessels, myocardium, and heart valves. In each area, we focus on currently studied methods, limitations, and areas for future study...
March 13, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281243/mimicking-cardiac-fibrosis-in-a-dish-fibroblast-density-rather-than-collagen-density-weakens-cardiomyocyte-function
#14
Ariane C C van Spreeuwel, Noortje A M Bax, Bastiaan J van Nierop, Annemieke Aartsma-Rus, Marie-José T H Goumans, Carlijn V C Bouten
Cardiac fibrosis is one of the most devastating effects of cardiac disease. Current in vitro models of cardiac fibrosis do not sufficiently mimic the complex in vivo environment of the cardiomyocyte. We determined the local composition and mechanical properties of the myocardium in established mouse models of genetic and acquired fibrosis and tested the effect of myocardial composition on cardiomyocyte contractility in vitro by systematically manipulating the number of fibroblasts and collagen concentration in a platform of engineered cardiac microtissues...
April 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244821/regulation-of-the-microenvironment-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#15
Maureen Wanjare, Ngan F Huang
The microenvironment of myocardium plays an important role in the fate and function of cardiomyocytes (CMs). Cardiovascular tissue engineering strategies commonly utilize stem cell sources in conjunction with microenvironmental cues that often include biochemical, electrical, spatial and biomechanical factors. Microenvironmental stimulation of CMs, in addition to the incorporation of intercellular interactions from non-CMs, results in the generation of engineered cardiac constructs. Current studies suggest that use of these factors when engineering cardiac constructs improve cardiac function when implanted in vivo...
March 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181589/developmental-stage-dependent-effects-of-cardiac-fibroblasts-on-function-of-stem-cell-derived-engineered-cardiac-tissues
#16
Brian Liau, Christopher P Jackman, Yanzhen Li, Nenad Bursac
We investigated whether the developmental stage of mouse cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) influences the formation and function of engineered cardiac tissues made of mouse embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (mESC-CMs). Engineered cardiac tissue patches were fabricated by encapsulating pure mESC-CMs, mESC-CMs + adult CFs, or mESC-CMs + fetal CFs in fibrin-based hydrogel. Tissue patches containing fetal CFs exhibited higher velocity of action potential propagation and contractile force amplitude compared to patches containing adult CFs, while pure mESC-CM patches did not form functional syncytium...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167635/defined-engineered-human-myocardium-with-advanced-maturation-for-applications-in-heart-failure-modeling-and-repair
#17
Malte Tiburcy, James E Hudson, Paul Balfanz, Susanne Schlick, Tim Meyer, Mei-Ling Chang Liao, Elif Levent, Farah Raad, Sebastian Zeidler, Edgar Wingender, Johannes Riegler, Mouer Wang, Joseph D Gold, Izhak Kehat, Erich Wettwer, Ursula Ravens, Pieterjan Dierickx, Linda W van Laake, Marie Jose Goumans, Sara Khadjeh, Karl Toischer, Gerd Hasenfuss, Larry A Couture, Andreas Unger, Wolfgang A Linke, Toshiyuki Araki, Benjamin Neel, Gordon Keller, Lior Gepstein, Joseph C Wu, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Advancing structural and functional maturation of stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes remains a key challenge for applications in disease modeling, drug screening, and heart repair. Here, we sought to advance cardiomyocyte maturation in engineered human myocardium (EHM) toward an adult phenotype under defined conditions. METHODS: We systematically investigated cell composition, matrix, and media conditions to generate EHM from embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts with organotypic functionality under serum-free conditions...
May 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156084/bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-loaded-fibrin-patches-act-as-a-reservoir-of-paracrine-factors-in-chronic-myocardial-infarction
#18
Eléonore Blondiaux, Laetitia Pidial, Gwennhael Autret, Gabriel Rahmi, Daniel Balvay, Etienne Audureau, Claire Wilhelm, Coralie L Guerin, Patrick Bruneval, Jean-Sébastien Silvestre, Philippe Menasché, Olivier Clément
The combination of mesenchymal stem cells and tissue-engineered fibrin patches improves the therapeutic efficacy of stem cells. In vivo cardiac magnetic resonance (4.7 Tesla) and ex vivo high-spatial resolution CMR were used to track the fate of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) delivered on an epicardial scaffold and more specifically assess their potential intramyocardial migration. Fifty-seven nude rats underwent permanent coronary artery ligation. Two months later, those with a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤55% were randomly allocated to receive a patch loaded with human BMSC (BMSC-P, n = 10), a patch loaded with BMSCs labelled with iron oxide nanoparticles (BMSC*-P, n = 12), an acellular patch (A-P, n = 8) or to serve as sham-operated animals (SHAM, n = 7)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103423/adipose-derived-perivascular-mesenchymal-stromal-stem-cells-promote-functional-vascular-tissue-engineering-for-cardiac-regenerative-purposes
#19
Justin Morrissette-McAlmon, Adriana Blazeski, Sarah Somers, Geran Kostecki, Leslie Tung, Warren L Grayson
Cardiac tissue engineering approaches have the potential to regenerate functional myocardium with intrinsic vascular networks. In this study, we compared the relative effects of human adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (hASCs) and human dermal fibroblasts (hDFs) in co-cultures with neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVCMs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that at the same ratios of NRVCM:hASC and NRVCM:hDF, the hASC co-cultures displayed shorter action potentials and maintained capture at faster pacing rates...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063988/engineered-extracellular-microenvironment-with-a-tunable-mechanical-property-for-controlling-cell-behavior-and-cardiomyogenic-fate-of-cardiac-stem-cells
#20
Min-Young Choi, Jong-Tae Kim, Won-Jin Lee, Yunki Lee, Kyung Min Park, Young-Il Yang, Ki Dong Park
Endogenous cardiac stem cells (CSCs) are known to play a certain role in the myocardial homeostasis of the adult heart. The extracellular matrix (ECM) surrounding CSCs provides mechanical signals to regulate a variety of cell behaviors, yet the impact in the adult heart of these mechanical properties of ECM on CSC renewal and fate decisions is mostly unknown. To elucidate CSC mechanoresponses at the individual cell and myocardial level, we used the sol-to-gel transitional gelatin-poly(ethylene glycol)-tyramine (GPT) hydrogel with a tunable mechanical property to construct a three-dimensional (3D) matrix for culturing native myocardium and CSCs...
January 4, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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