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Sexuality in elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658682/sphincter-saving-proctectomy-for-rectal-cancer-with-transanal-tube-no-coil-and-without-ostoma-clinical-outcomes-cost-effectiveness-and-quality-of-life-in-elderly
#1
Severino Montemurro, Michele Ammendola, Gaetano Gallo, Roberto Romano, Antonietta Condoluci, Lucia Curto, Stefano DE Franciscis, Raffaele Serra, Rosario Sacco, Giuseppe Sammarco
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common invasive cancers, and it is responsible for considerable physical and psychosocial morbidity specially in older patients. However, only few reports focused on quality of life, cost-effectiveness and clinical outcomes of rectal cancer patients undergone to surgery. This retrospective study compares short-term and long- term outcomes in rectal cancer patients with more and less 75 years of age. METHODS: Four hundred consecutive patients underwent to radical surgery for rectal adenocarcinoma and they were collected in a prospective institutional database and divided into two groups: group 1 (≥ 75 years, n =98); group 2 (<75 years, n=302)...
April 13, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624940/exploring-the-causes-of-change-in-adolescent-girls-sexual-behaviour-in-begoro-ghana
#2
Sylvia E Gyan
There is a changing trend in adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive behaviour in Ghana. However, contemporary perspectives on adolescent girls' sexual behaviours are largely missing hence this study. Thematic analysis of data collected through in-depth interviews with adolescent girls and community members as well as focus group discussions with adolescent boys identified several factors accounting for the changes in adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive behaviour. These factors include changes in girls' attitudes to traditional practices, diversity in the agents of socialization as well as the age at menarche...
June 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605057/first-nations-people-s-perspectives-on-barriers-and-supports-for-enhancing-hpv-vaccination-foundations-for-sustainable-community-driven-strategies
#3
R I Henderson, M Shea-Budgell, C Healy, A Letendre, L Bill, B Healy, R A Bednarczyk, K Mrklas, C Barnabe, J Guichon, N Bedingfield, S MacDonald, A Colquhoun, S Glaze, T Nash, C Bell, J Kellner, R Richardson, T Dixon, J Starlight, G Runner, G Nelson
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, Indigenous people have higher human papillomavirus (HPV) infection rates, lower screening rates for cervical cancer, and higher rates of invasive cancer, leading to worse cervical cancer-related outcomes than observed in non-Indigenous Canadian women. Lingering harms from European colonization drive these health inequities and create public health challenges. Policy guidance is needed to optimize HPV vaccination rates and, thereby, decrease the burden of HPV-related illness, including high-morbidity surgical procedures and chemo-radiotherapy...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590468/re-experiencing-violence-across-the-life-course-histories-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-elder-abuse-victimization
#4
Jooyoung Kong, Scott D Easton
Objectives: This study primarily examines the associations between histories of childhood maltreatment (i.e., neglect, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse) and elder abuse victimization and explores whether gender moderates the associations. Methods: We conducted a secondary data analysis of 5,968 older adults (mean age = 71 years) based on data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (2010-2011). Using retrospective self-reports of childhood and current (past 12 months) victimization experiences, logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the effects of early-life adversities on the likelihood of elder abuse victimization...
March 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566924/genital-diseases-in-the-mature-man
#5
Richard E Watchorn, Christopher B Bunker
Elderly men are at higher risk of developing genital dermatologic problems, including inflammatory and neoplastic conditions due to age-related physiologic changes, immunosenescence, comorbidities, and iatrogenesis. Clinical manifestations of genital dermatoses in men are varied and may include itching, pain, redness, dermatitis, lumps, and ulcers. Even when asymptomatic, the psychologic impact may be significant. Sexual or urinary dysfunction may complicate genital dermatoses. Early and accurate diagnosis is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality from premalignant and malignant conditions and also to prevent sexual dysfunction and unnecessary anxiety in the case of benign entities...
March 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540910/guidelines-for-psychosocial-interventions-in-addictive-disorders-in-india-an-introduction-and-overview
#6
EDITORIAL
Pratima Murthy
While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention based on the local needs assessments of specific populations and more appreciably, a testing of the effectiveness of the interventions. This supplement on psychosocial interventions for addictive disorders covers some of the important aspects of psychosocial interventions in five sections...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535473/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-management-of-sexual-disorders-in-elderly
#7
T S Sathyanarayana Rao, Abhinav Tandon, Shivanand Manohar, Supriya Mathur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522996/effects-of-childhood-multiple-maltreatment-experiences-on-depression-of-socioeconomic-disadvantaged-elderly-in-brazil
#8
Marta Novelo, Armin von Gunten, Gabriel Behr Gomes Jardim, Lucas Spanemberg, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Eduardo L Nogueira
Childhood maltreatment is a risk factor for depression in nonelderly individuals. We investigated the effect of childhood abuse and neglect on the development of geriatric depression and its severity in socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals. A cross-sectional study investigated 449 individuals aged 60-103 years sorted by data using the enrollment list health coverage from the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. The fifteen-item Geriatric Depression Scale was used to assess depression. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire was used to identify emotional and physical neglect, in addition to emotional, physical, and sexual abuse...
March 6, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518256/homicide-in-a-horse-barn
#9
Samuel P Prahlow, Joseph A Prahlow
As forensic scientists and physicians, forensic pathologists are duty-bound to perform their examinations with integrity and professionalism. The practice of medicine requires knowledge regarding the history and presentation of the patient. In forensic pathology, the history includes scene and other investigative information, and the decedent's medical and social history. Such information is important for the correct certification of the cause and manner of death. Herein, the authors present a case originally thought by police and death investigators to represent a sexual-assault-related homicide, as an elderly female's body was found partially nude, and apparently beaten, on the muddy floor of her horse barn...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500160/therapist-assisted-progressive-resistance-training-protein-supplements-and-testosterone-injections-in-frail-older-men-with-testosterone-deficiency-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Rune Rasmussen, Mette Midttun, Tine Kolenda, Anne-Mette Ragle, Thea Winther Sørensen, Anders Vinther, Bo Zerahn, Maria Pedersen, Karsten Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Fall accidents are a major cause of mortality among the elderly and the leading cause of traumatic brain injury. After a fall, many elderly people never completely recover and need help in coping with everyday life. Due to the increasing older population in the world, injuries, disabilities, and deaths caused by falls are a growing worldwide problem. Muscle weakness leads to greatly increased risk of falling, decreased quality of life, and decline in functional capacity. Muscle mass and muscle power decrease about 40% from age 20 to 80 years, and the level of testosterone decreases with age and leads to impaired muscle mass...
March 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489050/urinary-bowel-and-sexual-health-in-older-men-from-northern-ireland
#11
David W Donnelly, Conan Donnelly, Therese Kearney, David Weller, Linda Sharp, Amy Downing, Sarah Wilding, Penny Wright, Paul Kind, James W F Catto, William R Cross, Malcolm D Mason, Eilis McCaughan, Richard Wagland, Eila Watson, Rebecca Mottram, Majorie Allen, Hugh Butcher, Luke Hounsome, Peter Selby, Dyfed Huws, David H Brewster, Emma McNair, Carol Rivas, Johana Nayoan, Mike Horton, Lauren Matheson, Adam W Glaser, Anna Gavin
OBJECTIVES: To provide intelligence on the prevalence of urinary, bowel and sexual dysfunction in Northern Ireland (NI) to act as a baseline for studies of prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes and to aid service provision within the general population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey of 10,000 men aged 40 and over in NI, age-matched to the distribution of men living with PCa. The EQ-5D-5L and EPIC-26 instruments were used to enable comparisons with PCa outcome studies...
February 28, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468915/association-between-sarcopenia-and-erectile-dysfunction-in-males-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Sema Uçak, Rıdvan Sivritepe, Oğuzhan Kara, Ecem Sevim, Damla Ortaboz, Eyüp Veli Küçük, Sabri Atay, Arzu Çalışgan Baygül
BACKGROUND: The prevalence rates for both sarcopenia and erectile dysfunction (ED) gradually increase in middle-aged and elderly diabetic male population and they impair physical functioning, sexual functioning, and quality of life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the sarcopenia in patients with diabetic ED. METHODS: The study included 98 male patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM) aged 18-80 years. Blood chemistry and hormone levels were obtained...
February 22, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464468/elderly-fitz-hugh-curtis-syndrome-observed-with-superb-microvascular-imaging-system
#13
Tomotaka Yazaki, Shuichi Sato, Hiroshi Tobita, Kazuki Isoda, Tatsuya Miyake, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome (FHCS) is defined as inflammation on the surface of the liver following sexually transmitted chlamydia infection. We successfully observed the microvascular structure of the inflamed portion between the abdominal wall and surface of the liver in an elderly patient with FHCS using a superb microvascular imaging (SMI) system, a new technology developed for observing minute vascular flow. An 80-year-old Japanese female with right dorsal to lateral abdominal pain and fever came to our hospital...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455045/impact-of-transvaginal-modified-sacrospinous-ligament-fixation-with-mesh-for-the-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-before-and-after-studies
#14
Qinyi Zhu, Huimin Shu, Guiqiang Du, Zhiyuan Dai
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common disease in women. The aim of this research was to evaluate the safety, efficacy and complication of transvaginal modified sacrospinous ligament fixation with mesh using for the treatment of vaginal vault prolapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study including information from 60 symptomatic women with anterior-apical pelvic floor prolapse. The patients underwent transvaginal modified sacrospinous ligament fixation combined with anterior vaginal wall mesh between May 2014 and Sep 2015...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433508/research-priority-setting-reproductive-health-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory
#15
Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Rula Ghandour, Marina Tucktuck, Mohammad Obiedallah
BACKGROUND: Occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is an authority with limited resources. Therefore, research conducted in such a setting should be prioritized and coordinated to follow a national research agenda. This study aims to produce a research agenda for reproductive health in the oPt that can be utilized by reproductive health stakeholders and contribute to the development of policy-based evidence to guide health practice. METHODS: In the current study, we followed research prioritization methods developed by the World Health Organization-Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394681/-assessment-of-long-term-sexual-function-after-radical-resection-for-lower-rectal-cancer
#16
Motoi Koyama, Keigo Okada, Kenta Kitamura, Tomonori Matsumura, Eishi Totsuka, Kazuhiro Karikomi, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Shigeru Masamura, Tatsushi Suwa, Tomomi Arai, Akemi Komiya, Yuriko Yoshioka
The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term sexual function and risk factors of dysfunction after the autonomic nerve preserving operation for lower rectal cancer. METHODS: We evaluated postoperative sexual function assessed by IIEF5 in 91 patients who responded to the questionnaire by mail. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 5.5 years, univariate analysis identified 4 risk factors associated with poor sexual function: the elder, over 3 years after surgery, pathological stage III , and lateral lymph node dissection(both side)...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390218/-surgical-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#17
Leonidas Karapanos, Johannes Salem, Ilgar Akbarov, Axel Heidenreich, Vahudin Zugor
Female pelvic organ prolapse is a widely prevalent condition and is associated with variable morbidity. It encompasses a number of clinical conditions, including subvesical obstruction, overactive bladder symptoms, sexual dysfunction and urinary und fecal incontinence. The prevalence of pelvic insufficiency is estimated to be between 30 and 50 %. As life expectancy is increasing and the elderly population is growing, there will be an increased incidence of the condition and growing demand for pelvic floor treatment in the future...
February 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379997/quality-of-life-following-vaginal-reconstructive-versus-obliterative-surgery-for-treating-advanced-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#18
Alin Petcharopas, Supreeya Wongtra-Ngan, Orawee Chinthakanan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Although colpocleisis is effective in selected women, the low-morbidity obliterative procedure for treating pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and its impact on postoperative quality of life (QOL) have rarely been studied. Our aim was to assess QOL in women after colpocleisis and compare it with that of women after reconstructive vaginal surgery. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included women (aged 35-85 years) with POP who underwent obliterative or reconstructive surgical correction during 2009-2015...
January 27, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353245/new-who-violence-prevention-information-system-an-interactive-knowledge-platform-of-scientific-findings-on-violence
#19
REVIEW
Stephanie Burrows, Alexander Butchart, Nadia Butler, Zara Quigg, Mark A Bellis, Christopher Mikton
Scientific information on violence can be difficult to compile and understand. It is scattered across websites, databases, technical reports and academic journals, and rarely addresses all types of violence. In response, in October 2017 WHO released the Violence Prevention Information System or Violence Info, an online interactive collection of scientific information about the prevalence, consequences, risk factors and preventability of all forms of interpersonal violence. It covers homicide, child maltreatment, youth violence, intimate partner violence, elder abuse and sexual violence...
April 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346606/characteristics-of-cases-with-repeated-sexually-transmitted-infections-massachusetts-2014-2016
#20
Katherine K Hsu, Lauren E Molotnikov, Kathleen A Roosevelt, Heather R Elder, R Monina Klevens, Alfred DeMaria, Sevgi O Aral
Background: Persons with prior sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at high risk for re-infection. No recent studies have examined the frequency with which persons within a geographic area are diagnosed and reported with multiple bacterial STIs over time. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, population-based study of confirmed syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydial infections reported to the Massachusetts state surveillance system within a two-year period, July 28, 2014 - July 27, 2016...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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