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Sexuality in elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236745/facultative-parthenogenesis-validated-by-dna-analyses-in-the-green-anaconda-eunectes-murinus
#1
Hiroki Shibata, Shuichi Sakata, Yuzo Hirano, Eiji Nitasaka, Ai Sakabe
In reptiles, the mode of reproduction is typically sexual. However, facultative parthenogenesis occurs in some Squamata, such as Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) and Burmese python (Python bivittatus). Here, we report facultative parthenogenesis in the green anaconda (Eunectes murinus). We found two fully developed female neonates and 17 undeveloped eggs in the oviduct of a female anaconda isolated from other individuals for eight years and two months at Ueno Zoo, Japan. To clarify the zygosity of the neonates, we analyzed 18 microsatellite markers of which 16 were informative...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214924/different-protein-and-derivatives-supplementation-strategies-combined-with-resistance-training-in-pre-frail-and-frail-elderly-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-pro-elderly-study
#2
Alan Lins Fernandes, Ana Paula Hayashi, José Claudio Jambassi-Filho, Mariana Dutilh de Capitani, Davi Alves de Santana, Bruno Gualano, Hamilton Roschel
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a multifactorial geriatric syndrome characterized by progressive decline in health and associated with decreased muscle mass, strength, and functional capacity. Resistance training (RT) combined with protein or amino acids supplementation has been shown to be promising for mitigating age-related impairments. AIM: To investigate the chronic effects of different strategies of protein and derivatives supplementation in association with RT on selected health-related parameters in pre-frail and frail elderly...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201525/complete-penile-skin-necrosis
#3
Abdulkadir Pektaş, Ali Özgür Karakaş, Ali Çift, Mehmet Özgür Yücel
Superficial penile skin infections may be presented in different clinical situations that vary from simple infection to organ loss and serious morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic treatment and, if necessary, urgent debridement is required. A 46-year-old male patient with the complaints of urethral discharge and pain admitted to our outpatient clinic. He declared that there were midpenil tenderness and erythema 14 days ago which occurred after sexual intercourse. Complete penile skin necrosis with purulent discharge was detected in physical examination...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189502/connecting-the-dots-state-health-department-approaches-to-addressing-shared-risk-and-protective-factors-across-multiple-forms-of-violence
#4
Natalie Wilkins, Lindsey Myers, Tomei Kuehl, Alice Bauman, Marci Hertz
Violence takes many forms, including intimate partner violence, sexual violence, child abuse and neglect, bullying, suicidal behavior, and elder abuse and neglect. These forms of violence are interconnected and often share the same root causes. They can also co-occur together in families and communities and can happen at the same time or at different stages of life. Often, due to a variety of factors, separate, "siloed" approaches are used to address each form of violence. However, understanding and implementing approaches that prevent and address the overlapping root causes of violence (risk factors) and promote factors that increase the resilience of people and communities (protective factors) can help practitioners more effectively and efficiently use limited resources to prevent multiple forms of violence and save lives...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172904/the-association-between-past-sexual-abuse-and-depression-in-older-adults-from-colombia
#5
Renee J Flores, Adalberto Campo-Arias, Jim P Stimpson, Claudia M Chalela, Carlos A Reyes-Ortiz
To explore the association between past sexual abuse and depression in elders living in Bogotá, Colombia, we used data from the SABE (Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento [Health, Well-being, and Aging]) Bogotá Study. Participants were 2000 community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and older in 2012. Sexual abuse was assessed by self-report. Depression was measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale. The weighted prevalence estimate was 2.6% for past sexual abuse and 23.4% for depression. Multivariate data analyses showed significantly higher odds of depression for past sexual abuse (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159738/prospective-assessment-of-first-year-quality-of-life-after-pelvic-exenteration-for-gynecologic-malignancy-a-french-multicentric-study
#6
A Martinez, T Filleron, P Rouanet, P Méeus, E Lambaudie, J M Classe, F Foucher, F Narducci, S Gouy, F Guyon, F Marchal, E Jouve, P E Colombo, A Mourregot, M Rivoire, N Chopin, G Houvenaeghel, I Jaffre, J Leveque, V Lavoue, E Leblanc, P Morice, E Stoeckle, J L Verheaghe, D Querleu, G Ferron
BACKGROUND: Pelvic exenteration remains one of the most mutilating procedures, with important postoperative morbidity, an altered body image, and long-term physical and psychosocial concerns. This study aimed to assess quality of life (QOL) during the first year after pelvic exenteration for gynecologic malignancy performed with curative intent. METHODS: A French multicentric prospective study was performed by including patients who underwent pelvic exenteration...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157169/long-term-persistence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-the-skin-of-the-glans-penis-of-elderly-men-above-80-years-of-age
#7
Tadaichi Kitamura, Motofumi Suzuki, Yasuhiro Koyama, Kazuyoshi Shigehara
Investigations of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the glans penis are scarce, especially with regard to its natural history. To elucidate HPV prevalence among Japanese men attending urological clinics, 798 adult participants were recruited consecutively and stratified into groups by age based on 10-year intervals. The overall HPV prevalence among the participants was 24.8%, with 15.5% positive for high-risk HPV and 9.3% infected with other HPVs. The HPV positivity rate was sustained in those over 80 years of age at nearly the same level as those in the younger age groups...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150010/androgen-deprivation-alters-attention-to-sexually-provocative-visual-stimuli-in-elderly-men
#8
Jaime L Palmer-Hague, Vivian Tsang, Charlenn Skead, Richard J Wassersug, Eleni Nasiopoulos, Alan Kingstone
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone is known to regulate male sexual interest, but the exact way that androgens influence men's sexual cognition remains unclear. AIM: To investigate the influence of androgen deprivation (AD) on visual responses to sexually suggestive stimuli in men treated for prostate cancer with AD therapy. METHODS: Patients with AD-treated prostate cancer, patients with prostate cancer not on AD therapy, and age-matched healthy control participants were exposed to images of male and female runway models fully or minimally clothed...
December 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114942/a-detailed-analysis-of-not-relevant-responses-on-the-dlqi-in-psoriasis-potential-biases-in-treatment-decisions
#9
F Rencz, A K Poór, M Péntek, P Holló, S Kárpáti, L Gulácsi, A Szegedi, É Remenyik, B Hidvégi, K Herszényi, H Jókai, Z Beretzky, V Brodszky
BACKGROUND: Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) is the most common health-related quality of life measure in dermatology that is widely used in treatment guidelines for psoriasis. Eight out of the 10 questions of the DLQI offer a 'not relevant' response (NRR) option that is scored as the item had no impact on patients' life at all. OBJECTIVE: To explore the occurrence of NRRs on the DLQI in psoriasis patients, and to examine the effect of several socio-demographic and clinical factors on giving NRRs...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101427/sociodemographic-patterns-in-pharmacy-dispensing-of-medications-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-sweden
#10
Pernilla J Bjerkeli, Shai Mulinari, Sofia Zettermark, Juan Merlo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and pharmacy dispensing of medications for erectile dysfunction (ED) in the general population of middle-aged and elderly men. By considering a number of medical conditions that could promote or contraindicate use of ED medication, the analysis could help capture prescription patterns that might not be explained by medical needs. METHODS: Individual-level pharmacy dispensing data from 2006 for a population-based cohort of 216,148 men aged 45-79 years in the county Scania, Sweden, were analysed...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095075/suitable-reference-gene-selection-for-gene-expression-studies-in-knee-osteoarthritis-synovium-using-quantitative-pcr-analysis
#11
Hiroshi Watanabe, Hirotaka Ishii, Kenji Takahashi, Shinro Takai, Hitoshi Ozawa
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the leading cause of musculoskeletal disability in the elderly. Insights into the biological features of OA are obtained by characterization of the molecular features by gene expression profiling using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). However, it has recently become evident that the use of suitable reference genes is required for appropriate normalization of this technique. Here total RNA was isolated from the synovium of 18 men and 20 women who underwent total knee arthroplasty for knee OA (KOA)...
November 2, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089221/-spouses-health-related-quality-of-life-evaluation-of-elderly-patients-with-depression
#12
Isabelle Jalenques, Marion Cleret, Barbara Richard, Fabien Rondepierre, Candy Auclair
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of spouses living at home with a patient aged 65 years or more suffering from a major depressive disorder and that of matched controls. Secondly, to investigate whether the HRQoL of spouses was correlated with the assessment of their partner's depression, their own depression and the self-perceived level of care burden experienced by the caregiver partner. METHODS: Assessment of patients was based on the clinical diagnosis of a major depressive disorder as established by the criteria of the DSM-IV-TR, the geriatric depression scale GDS-15 and the LEIPAD questionnaire specific to subjects aged 65 or over living at home...
October 28, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041962/comparative-assessment-of-an-gambiae-and-an-stephensi-mosquitoes-to-determine-transmission-reducing-activity-of-antibodies-against-p-falciparum-sexual-stage-antigens
#13
Maarten Eldering, Anaïs Bompard, Kazutoyo Miura, Will Stone, Isabelle Morlais, Anna Cohuet, Geert-Jan van Gemert, Patrick M Brock, Sanna R Rijpma, Marga van de Vegte-Bolmer, Wouter Graumans, Rianne Siebelink-Stoter, Dari F Da, Carole A Long, Merribeth J Morin, Robert W Sauerwein, Thomas S Churcher, Teun Bousema
BACKGROUND: With the increasing interest in vaccines to interrupt malaria transmission, there is a demand for harmonization of current methods to assess Plasmodium transmission in laboratory settings. Potential vaccine candidates are currently tested in the standard membrane feeding assay (SMFA) that commonly relies on Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes. Other mosquito species including Anopheles gambiae are the dominant malaria vectors for Plasmodium falciparum in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Using human serum and monoclonal pre-fertilization (anti-Pfs48/45) and post-fertilization (anti-Pfs25) antibodies known to effectively inhibit sporogony, we directly compared SMFA based estimates of transmission-reducing activity (TRA) for An...
October 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976401/-sexual-life-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#14
Hakan Karpuz
Sexual activity is an important component of patient and partner quality of life for men and women with cardiovascular disease, including many elderly patients. Older adults desire sexual intimacy when there is a partner and a health status that allows sexual relationships. Older individuals desire to love and enjoy sexual activity in relation to personal circumstances, and when health status allows them to experience close relations, most often within marriage especially in our country. Normal changes occur in the phases of sexual cycle with aging, male erectile dysfunction and female sexual dysfunction increase with age...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#15
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953829/analysis-of-urinary-incontinence-and-depression-among-young-women
#16
Kinga Tyrała-Seweryn, Mariusz Seweryn, Krzysztof Krysta
Urinary incontinence has a negative impact on a health related quality of life, and it contributes to depression. Depression is a serious illness affecting health, family and professional activity of many people in all sectors of society. Both conditions concern young women. Following study presents depression among young women suffering urinary incontinence. There are various aspects of the young women's comorbid depression and urinary incontinence, mentioned in the present literature: coexistence of depression and urinary incontinence, area of postpartum period, associated sexual dysfunction, and impact on the professional sphere...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943478/sexual-dimorphism-of-metabolic-and-vascular-dysfunction-in-aged-mice-and-those-lacking-the-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-3
#17
Amanda T Cao, Martina Mackova, Daniel Kerage, David N Brindley, Denise G Hemmings
Elderly people often suffer adverse health because of inflammation associated with poor metabolism and cardiovascular dysfunction, but these conditions present differently in men and women. We performed experiments in aged male and female mice to understand this sexual dimorphism. We focused on sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) signaling, which has both protective and detrimental effects on vascular and metabolic function. We examined vascular function of mesenteric (resistance) arteries from aged male and female wild-type (WT) mice compared to littermate S1P receptor 3 (S1PR3) knockouts (KO)...
December 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929998/calcaneal-tendon-collagen-fiber-morphometry-and-aging
#18
Daniel Hadraba, Jiri Janacek, Eva Filova, Frantisek Lopot, Rik Paesen, Ondrej Fanta, Anneliese Jarman, Alois Necas, Marcel Ameloot, Karel Jelen
Fibrillar collagen in tendons and its natural development in rabbits are discussed in this paper. Achilles tendons from newborn (~7 days) to elderly (~38 months) rabbits were monitored in intact (n tendons=24) and microtome sectioned (n tendons=11) states with label-free second harmonic generation microscopy. After sectioning, the collagen fiber pattern was irregular for the younger animals and remained oriented parallel to the load axis of the tendon for the older animals. In contrast, the collagen fiber pattern in the intact samples followed the load axis for all the age groups...
October 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928913/quality-of-life-in-elderly-iranian-population-using-leiden-padua-questionnaire-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Parvin Cheraghi, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Sima Nedjat, Saharnaz Nedjat
The world population is getting old rapidly; the aging population is the new phenomenon in Iran too. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the overall and subscales mean score of quality of life (QOL) based on the Leiden-Padua (LEIPAD) questionnaire among the elderly population of Iran. The major international and national databases including; Medlin, Scopus, Science Direct, SID, MagIran, IranMedex, and Irandoc was searched. All cross-sectional studies, which measured the QOL among the elderly population in Iran using the LEIPAD questionnaire, were included...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911977/screening-for-sexual-dissatisfaction-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care
#20
Anne Bijlsma-Rutte, Annemarie M J Braamse, Patricia van Oppen, Frank J Snoek, Paul Enzlin, Peter Leusink, Giel Nijpels, Petra J M Elders
AIMS: The identification and discussion of sexual care needs in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in primary care is currently insufficient. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dissatisfaction, sexual problems and need for help by using a screening instrument among people with T2DM in primary care. METHODS: Data were collected in 45 general practices in the Netherlands from January 2015 to February 2016. The Brief Sexual Symptom Checklist (BSSC) was used to screen among 40-75 year old men and women...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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