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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438100/an-epidemiology-of-sexual-assault-among-elderly-women-in-the-mthatha-area-of-south-africa
#1
Banwari L Meel
Background South Africa has one of the highest rates of rape in the world, but this barely seems to surprise anyone. It is extremely disturbing, especially when children and elderly women are raped. Women and children are usually the weakest group in society physically, as well as the most exposed to abuse and neglect. It should be the responsibility of a civil society to protect these vulnerable groups from harm. Objective This study investigated the trend of rapes among elderly women in the Mthatha area of South Africa...
April 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407061/lifetime-abuse-and-perceived-social-support-among-the-elderly-a-study-from-seven-european-countries
#2
Bahareh Eslami, Mirko Di Rosa, Henrique Barros, Mindaugas Stankunas, Francisco Torres-Gonzalez, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Maria Gabriella Melchiorre
Being a victim of abuse during one's life course may affect social relations in later life. The aims of this study were to: (i) examine the association between lifetime abuse and perceived social support and (ii) identify correlates of perceived social support among older persons living in seven European countries. A sample of 4467 women and men aged 60-84 years living in Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain and Sweden was collected through a cross-sectional population-based study. Abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial and injury) was assessed through interviews or interviews/self-response questionnaire based on the Conflict Tactics Scale-2 and the UK study on elder abuse...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376482/discordant-genotypic-sex-and-phenotype-variations-in-two-spanish-siblings-with-17%C3%AE-hydroxylase-17-20-lyase-deficiency-carrying-the-most-prevalent-mutated-cyp17a1-alleles-of-brazilian-patients
#3
Mónica Fernández-Cancio, Emilio García-García, Carmen González-Cejudo, María-Angeles Martínez-Maestre, Miguel-Angel Mangas-Cruz, Gil Guerra-Junior, Maricilda Pandi de Mello, Ivo J P Arnhold, Mirian Y Nishi, Berenice Bilharinho Mendonça, Elena García-Arumí, Laura Audí, Eduardo Tizzano, Antonio Carrascosa
17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency is a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by mutations in CYP17A1. Two phenotypic female sisters, aged 17 and 15 years and with 46,XY and 46,XX karyotypes, respectively, presented with primary amenorrhea and absent secondary sexual characteristics. The elder sib also presented with high blood pressure. Both patients had elevated levels of ACTH, gonadotropins, progesterone, corticosterone, and deoxycorticosterone, and reduced levels of estradiol, testosterone, androstenedione, 17-OH-P, DHEA-S, cortisol, aldosterone, and renin activity...
April 4, 2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328307/a-comment-on-wong-and-waite-elder-mistreatment-predicts-later-physical-and-psychological-health-results-from-a-national-longitudinal-study-jean-issue-29-1-pp-15-42
#4
Ron Acierno
Wong and Waite present a longitudinal study of elder abuse and its effects. However, they contend that their data do not support the protective effects of social support, a finding in contrast with virtually all existing research on the topic. Closer inspection of their variables indicates that they misclassify "elder abuse" insofar as their results are actually in terms of only one type of elder abuse, psychological abuse, ignoring physical and sexual abuse, and they define "elder abuse" using only one question: "Is there anyone who insults you or puts you down?" Finally, they measure social support with the single item "if they generally feel they can open up to, and rely on, these significant others...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261826/a-literature-review-of-antithrombotic-and-anticoagulating-agents-on-sexual-function
#5
L W-H Chen, H-L Yin
Although millions of people receive antithrombotic agents (ATAs) or anticoagulating agents (ACAs) for vascular prophylaxis daily, the negative impact of these agents on sexual function has not been systematically studied. Therefore, a literature search was conducted to determine the effects of the marketed ATAs and ACAs on sexual function. In regard to men, the results show that thienopyridine derivatives increase the risk of erectile dysfunction (ED) and decrease libido and sexual function. The relationship between aspirin use and ED is inconsistent, ranging from a moderate risk to beneficial effects...
March 6, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260613/sexual-harassment-in-care-work-dilemmas-and-consequences-a-qualitative-investigation
#6
Maj Britt D Nielsen, Susie Kjær, Per T Aldrich, Ida E H Madsen, Maria K Friborg, Reiner Rugulies, Anna P Folker
BACKGROUND: Care workers are often exposed to sexual harassment from patients. Research shows that such exposure may have detrimental effects on mental health of the care workers. Inappropriate sexual behaviour from patients is a particular challenge for formal and informal care workers alike. There is a scarceness of studies investigating the experience and the handling of sexual harassment from patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experience and handling of sexual harassment from patients in care work...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217306/sexual-function-of-patients-with-heart-failure-facts-and-numbers
#7
EDITORIAL
Tiny Jaarsma
Approximately 60% to 87% of patients with heart failure (HF) report sexual problems, and numbers as low as 31% of HF patients younger than 70 have normal sexual function. When compared with healthy elders, the amount of perceived sexual dysfunction might be similar (around 56%), but patients with HF are reporting more erectile dysfunction (ED) and also perceive that their HF symptoms (20%) or HF medication (10%) is the cause for their problems. The prevalence of ED is highly prevalent in men with cardiac disease and reported in up to 81% of cardiac patients, compared with 50% in the general older population...
February 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198021/internalizing-objectification-objectified-individuals-see-themselves-as-less-warm-competent-moral-and-human
#8
Steve Loughnan, Cristina Baldissarri, Federica Spaccatini, Laura Elder
People objectify others by viewing them as less warm, competent, moral, and human (Heflick & Goldenberg, 2009, J. Exp. Soc. Psychol., 45, 598; Vaes, Paladino, & Puvia, 2011, Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 41, 774). In two studies, we examined whether the objectified share this view of themselves, internalizing their objectification. In Study 1 (N = 114), we examined sexual objectification, and in Study 2 (N = 62), we examined workplace objectification. Consistent across both studies, we found that objectification resulted in participants seeing themselves as less warm, competent, moral (Study 2 only), and lacking in human nature and human uniqueness...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185857/do-prominent-quality-measurement-surveys-capture-the-concerns-of-persons-with-disability
#9
Lisa I Iezzoni, Sarah A Marsella, Tiffany Lopinsky, Dennis Heaphy, Kimberley S Warsett
BACKGROUND: Demonstration programs nationwide aim to control costs and improve care for people dually-eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, including many persons with disability. Ensuring these initiatives maintain or improve care quality requires comprehensive evaluation of quality of care. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the common quality measures being used to evaluate the Massachusetts One Care duals demonstration program comprehensively address the concerns of persons with disability...
January 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177149/relational-citizenship-supporting-embodied-selfhood-and-relationality-in-dementia-care
#10
Pia Kontos, Karen-Lee Miller, Alexis P Kontos
We draw on findings from a mixed-method study of specialised red-nosed elder-clowns in a long-term care facility to advance a model of 'relational citizenship' for individuals with dementia. Relational citizenship foregrounds the reciprocal nature of engagement and the centrality of capacities, senses, and experiences of bodies to the exercise of human agency and interconnectedness. We critically examine elder-clown strategies and techniques to illustrate how relational citizenship can be supported and undermined at the micro level of direct care through a focus on embodied expressions of creativity and sexuality...
February 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134394/evaluation-and-management-of-female-victims-of-sexual-assault
#11
Roxanne A Vrees
Sexual assault is characterized by any sexual contact or behavior that occurs without explicit consent. Classifications vary based on the status of the perpetrator's relationship to the victim (eg, stranger, acquaintance) and characteristics of the victim herself (eg, child, elder adult, mentally disabled adult). Regardless of the classification, sexual assault is a significant individual as well as public health issue affecting women of all ages. While the majority of sexual assault cases are not initially reported to law enforcement, the best available data suggest the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault in the United States is approximately 20% among adult women...
January 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132745/associations-between-sex-education-and-contraceptive-use-among-heterosexually-active-adolescent-males-in-the-united-states
#12
Nicole Jaramillo, Eric R Buhi, John P Elder, Heather L Corliss
PURPOSE: This study examined associations between reports of receiving education on topics commonly included in sex education (e.g., abstinence only, comprehensive) prior to age 18 years and contraceptive use at the last sex among heterosexually active, 15- to 20-year-old males in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 539 males participating in the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth were analyzed. Bivariate and multinomial logistic regression analyses adjusting for confounding estimated associations between receipt of seven sex education topics (e...
May 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104184/elder-abuse-prevalence-in-community-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yongjie Yon, Christopher R Mikton, Zachary D Gassoumis, Kathleen H Wilber
BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is recognised worldwide as a serious problem, yet quantitative syntheses of prevalence studies are rare. We aimed to quantify and understand prevalence variation at the global and regional levels. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched 14 databases, including PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE, using a comprehensive search strategy to identify elder abuse prevalence studies in the community published from inception to June 26, 2015...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064116/sex-specific-and-inter-individual-differences-in-biomarkers-of-selenium-status-identified-by-a-calibrated-elisa-for-selenoprotein-p
#14
Sandra Hybsier, Torsten Schulz, Zida Wu, Ilja Demuth, Waldemar B Minich, Kostja Renko, Eddy Rijntjes, Josef Köhrle, Christian J Strasburger, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Lutz Schomburg
Selenoprotein P (SELENOP) is a liver-derived transporter of selenium (Se) in blood, and a meaningful biomarker of Se status. Se is an essential trace element for the biosynthesis of enzymatically-active selenoproteins, protecting the organism from oxidative damage. The usage of uncalibrated assays hinders the comparability of SELENOP concentrations and their pathophysiological interpretation across different clinical studies. On this account, we established a new sandwich SELENOP-ELISA and calibrated against a standard reference material (SRM1950)...
April 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053897/effects-of-a-supplement-combining-pycnogenol-%C3%A2-and-l-arginine-aspartate-on-lower-urinary-dysfunction-compared-with-saw-palmetto-extract
#15
Hiroshi Yagi, Ryo Sato, Kojiro Nishio, Gaku Arai, Shigehiro Soh, Hiroshi Okada
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunction (SDys) are common problems that affect quality of life (QOL) in elderly men. In addition to prescribed drugs, many over-the-counter medications including supplements are used to treat QOL diseases. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors are reported to be effective for both LUTS and SDys by increasing nitric oxide levels. French maritime pine bark extract Pycnogenol(®), which is a potent nitric oxide donor, is reported to be effective for SDys...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053363/global-research-priorities-for-interpersonal-violence-prevention-a-modified-delphi-study
#16
Christopher R Mikton, Masako Tanaka, Mark Tomlinson, David L Streiner, Lil Tonmyr, Bandy X Lee, Jane Fisher, Kathy Hegadoren, Joam Evans Pim, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: To establish global research priorities for interpersonal violence prevention using a systematic approach. METHODS: Research priorities were identified in a three-round process involving two surveys. In round 1, 95 global experts in violence prevention proposed research questions to be ranked in round 2. Questions were collated and organized according to the four-step public health approach to violence prevention. In round 2, 280 international experts ranked the importance of research in the four steps, and the various substeps, of the public health approach...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029675/an-overview-of-menopausal-symptoms-in-a-district-hospital-of-nepal
#17
S Gupta, K Acharya, P Srivastav, P K Gurung, N Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Menopause is a universal reproductive phenomenon which confirms the end of fertility of the women. The objectives of this study were to establish the age of natural menopause and to identify the prevalence of menopausal symptoms among the rural women attending district hospital of Nepal. METHODS: This present study is a hospital based, observational cross-sectional study conducted in Outpatient department of Lamjung District Hospital, Lamjung, Nepal...
October 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993663/risks-of-serious-toxicities-from-intermittent-versus-continuous-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-population-based-study
#18
Huei-Ting Tsai, Ruth M Pfeiffer, George K Philips, Ana Barac, Alex Z Fu, David F Penson, Yingjun Zhou, Arnold L Potosky
PURPOSE: Randomized trials have shown that intermittent androgen deprivation therapy for patients with advanced prostate cancer may improve sexual and physical functioning compared to continuous androgen deprivation therapy without compromising survival. To our knowledge it is unknown whether intermittent androgen deprivation therapy alters the risk of serious toxicities associated with continuous androgen deprivation therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a population based cohort study of 9,772 men 66 years old or older who were diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer from 2002 to 2011 and treated with androgen deprivation therapy...
May 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988927/cardiac-remodelling-in-a-baboon-model-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-mimics-accelerated-ageing
#19
Anderson H Kuo, Cun Li, Jinqi Li, Hillary F Huber, Peter W Nathanielsz, Geoffrey D Clarke
KEY POINTS: Rodent models of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) successfully identify mechanisms that can lead to short-term and long-term detrimental cardiomyopathies but differences between rodent and human cardiac physiology and placental-fetal development indicate a need for models in precocial species for translation to human development. We developed a baboon model for IUGR studies using a moderate 30% global calorie restriction of pregnant mothers and used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate offspring heart function in early adulthood...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975301/vertebral-cross-sectional-area-an-orphan-phenotype-with-potential-implications-for-female-spinal-health
#20
REVIEW
T A L Wren, S Ponrartana, V Gilsanz
A high priority in imaging-based research is the identification of the structural basis that confers greater risk for spinal disorders. New evidence indicates that factors related to sex influence the fetal development of the axial skeleton. Girls are born with smaller vertebral cross-sectional area compared to boys-a sexual dimorphism that is present throughout life and independent of body size. The smaller female vertebra is associated with greater flexibility of the spine that could represent the human adaptation to fetal load...
December 14, 2016: Osteoporosis International
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