keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

oesophage cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329246/lymphovascular-invasion-and-extracapsular-invasion-are-risk-factors-for-distant-recurrence-after-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-and-oesophagectomy-in-patients-with-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Po-Kuei Hsu, Ling-I Chien, Lei-Chi Wang, Teh-Ying Chou
OBJECTIVES: Patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma have a high risk of disease recurrence even after trimodality treatments, which include preoperative chemoradiotherapy and oesophagectomy. We aimed to identify the histological factors that are associated with loco-regional and distant recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively established database identified patients who received preoperative chemoradiotherapy and oesophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314688/nivolumab-treatment-for-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-open-label-multicentre-phase-2-trial
#2
Toshihiro Kudo, Yasuo Hamamoto, Ken Kato, Takashi Ura, Takashi Kojima, Takahiro Tsushima, Shuichi Hironaka, Hiroki Hara, Taroh Satoh, Satoru Iwasa, Kei Muro, Hirofumi Yasui, Keiko Minashi, Kensei Yamaguchi, Atsushi Ohtsu, Yuichiro Doki, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND: Nivolumab is a human monoclonal IgG4 antibody that inhibits programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) expressed on activated T cells. We investigated the safety and activity of nivolumab in patients with treatment-refractory oesophageal cancer. METHODS: We did an open-label, single-arm, multicentre phase 2 study. Eligible patients had advanced squamous-cell carcinoma, adenosquamous-cell carcinoma, or adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus refractory or intolerant to fluoropyrimidine-based, platinum-based, and taxane-based chemotherapy...
March 14, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306358/the-genetics-of-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma-and-the-use-of-circulating-cell-free-dna-for-disease-detection-and-monitoring
#3
Mark R Openshaw, Catherine J Richards, David S Guttery, Jacqueline A Shaw, Anne L Thomas
Gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma (GOA) is a frequently occurring cancer worldwide with a poor clinical outcome. Adenocarcinomas of the oesophagus and gastroesophageal junction have shown a recent increase in frequency, therefore there is need to increase our understanding of GOA in order to improve our ability to detect, monitor and treat the disease. Areas covered: The authors discuss the current classification of GOA in the context of recent changes in incidence. The authors also discuss developments in the understanding of disease biology and recent discoveries from whole genome and whole exome sequencing, and studies in immunotherapy...
March 17, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303554/imaging-of-the-oesophagus-beyond-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Thomas Marini, Amit Desai, Katherine Kaproth-Joslin, John Wandtke, Susan K Hobbs
Non-malignant oesophageal diseases are critical to recognize, but can be easily overlooked or misdiagnosed radiologically. In this paper, we cover the salient clinical features and imaging findings of non-malignant pathology of the oesophagus. We organize the many non-malignant diseases of the oesophagus into two major categories: luminal disorders and wall disorders. Luminal disorders include dilatation/narrowing (e.g. achalasia, scleroderma, and stricture) and foreign body impaction. Wall disorders include wall thickening (e...
March 17, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302009/expression-and-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-of-poly-adp-ribose-polymerase-1-in-gastrointestinal-tumours-clinical-involvement
#5
Sandra María Martín-Guerreroa, Josefa Leóna, Rosa Quiles-Pereza, Laura Belmontee, David Martin-Olivaa, Ángeles Ruiz-Extremeraa, Javier Salmeróna, José Antonio Muñoz-Gámez
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a nuclear enzyme that plays a critical role in diverse cellular functions, such as DNA damage detection and repair, transcriptional regulation and cell death. Furthermore, PARP-1 has emerged as a key player in the pathogenesis of multiple inflammatory diseases and has become a promising target for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. An increasing body of evidence has linked alterations in the expression levels of PARP-1, enzymatic activity and presence of polymorphism to gastrointestinal malignancies, including oesophageal, gastric, pancreas, liver and colorectal cancers...
March 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292511/thoracic-stomach-right-main-bronchus-fistula-treated-with-dual-y-shaped-covered-airway-stents
#6
Z-M Li, H-B Lu, K-W Ren, X-W Han, G Wu, D-C Jiao
AIM: To determine the efficacy of dual Y-shaped covered airway stents to treat thoracic stomach-right main bronchus fistulae. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen patients who developed thoracic stomach-right main bronchus fistula after oesophageal cancer resection and postoperative irradiation were retrospectively analysed. All fistulae were close to the right upper lobe bronchus. Two Y-shaped covered airway stents were designed for each patient. Under radiographic guidance, one stent was placed from the right main bronchus into the bifurcation of upper lobe and intermediate bronchus, the other was placed from the trachea into both main bronchi...
March 11, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270162/a-phase-ii-study-of-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-combined-with-a-weekly-paclitaxel-and-5-fluorouracil-regimen-to-treat-patients-with-advanced-oesophageal-carcinoma
#7
Yi Xia, Yun-Hai Li, Yun Chen, Jun-Hua Zhang, Qi Liu, Jia-Ying Deng, Ta-Shan Ai, Han-Ting Zhu, Jian-Hong Fan, Harun Badakhshi, Kuai-le Zhao
BACKGROUND: A phase II study was performed to investigate the safety and efficacy of weekly doses of combined paclitaxel and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) with concurrent radiation therapy, followed by 2 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy to treat patients with advanced oesophageal carcinoma. METHODS: The eligibility criteria included local, advanced, newly diagnosed and postoperative local regional lymph node metastasis; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of ≤ 2; and adequate organ function...
March 7, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262586/surrogate-end-points-for-overall-survival-in-22-neoadjuvant-trials-of-gastro-oesophageal-cancers
#8
Fausto Petrelli, Gianluca Tomasello, Sandro Barni
BACKGROUND: The surrogacy between disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) has been evaluated in patients with gastric cancer who received adjuvant chemotherapy. Similar analyses in patients who have undergone neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CTRT) or chemotherapy (CT) for gastro-oesophageal (GE) cancer have not yet been performed. METHODS: We evaluated the correlation between DFS and pathologic complete response (pCR) with OS in patients with GE carcinomas enrolled in randomised studies...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262585/the-prognostic-and-potentially-predictive-value-of-the-laur%C3%A3-n-classification-in-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma
#9
Rosa T van der Kaaij, Petur Snaebjornsson, Francine E M Voncken, Jolanda M van Dieren, Edwin P M Jansen, Karolina Sikorska, Annemieke Cats, Johanna W van Sandick
AIM: To investigate the histological subtypes of oesophageal adenocarcinoma according to the Laurén classification (intestinal/diffuse/mixed) in relation to tumour response to neoadjuvant treatment, and in relation to patients' survival after potentially curative treatment. METHODS: Data were collected from all oesophageal adenocarcinoma patients who underwent potentially curative treatment in our institute between 1998 and 2014. Treatment consisted of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (36-50 Gy) followed by an oesophagectomy or definitive chemoradiotherapy (50-50...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258029/incidence-trends-in-oesophageal-cancer-by-histological-type-an-updated-analysis-in-sweden
#10
Shao-Hua Xie, Fredrik Mattsson, Jesper Lagergren
BACKGROUND: We aimed to update incidence trends of oesophageal cancer by histological type in Sweden. METHODS: Using data from the Swedish Cancer Registry, we examined incidence trends of oesophageal cancer by histological types in individuals aged ≥50 years in 1970-2014 using log-linear joinpoint regressions. RESULTS: The age-standardised incidence rate of oesophageal adenocarcinoma in men increased on average by 3.0% per year in 1970-1994, followed by a more rapid increase of 13...
February 28, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257851/aldh2-deficiency-as-genetic-epidemiologic-and-biochemical-model-for-the-carcinogenicity-of-acetaldehyde
#11
Dirk W Lachenmeier, Mikko Salaspuro
Humans are cumulatively exposed to acetaldehyde from various sources including alcoholic beverages, tobacco smoke, foods and beverages. The genetic-epidemiologic and biochemical evidence in ALDH2-deficient humans provides strong evidence for the causal relationship between acetaldehyde-exposure due to alcohol consumption and cancer of the upper digestive tract. The risk assessment has so far relied on thresholds based on animal toxicology with lower one-sided confidence limit of the benchmark dose values (BMDL) typically ranging between 11 and 63 mg/kg bodyweight (bw)/day dependent on species and endpoint...
March 1, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256597/the-prognostic-role-of-coeliac-node-metastasis-after-resection-for-distal-oesophageal-cancer
#12
Martin Rutegård, Pernilla Lagergren, Asif Johar, Ioannis Rouvelas, Jesper Lagergren
It is uncertain whether coeliac node metastasis precludes long-term survival in distal oesophageal cancer. This nationwide population-based cohort study included patients who underwent surgical resection for stage III or IV distal oesophageal cancer in 1987-2010 with follow-up until 2014. A minority (17.0%) had neoadjuvant therapy. The prognosis in patients with coeliac node metastasis was compared with patients with no such metastasis and patients with more distant metastasis. Multivariable Cox proportional-hazards regression models provided hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of disease-specific and overall mortality...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256346/past-present-and-future-of-barrett-s-oesophagus
#13
REVIEW
W K Tan, M di Pietro, R C Fitzgerald
Barrett's oesophagus is a condition which predisposes towards development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma, a highly lethal tumour which has been increasing in incidence in the Western world over the past three decades. There have been tremendous advances in the field of Barrett's oesophagus, not only in diagnostic modalities, but also in therapeutic strategies available to treat this premalignant disease. In this review, we discuss the past, present and future of Barrett's oesophagus. We describe the historical and new evolving diagnostic criteria of Barrett's oesophagus, while also comparing and contrasting the British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines, American College of Gastroenterology guidelines and International Benign Barrett's and CAncer Taskforce (BOBCAT) for Barrett's oesophagus...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247779/lifetime-weight-gain-linked-to-oesophageal-and-stomach-cancers
#14
(no author information available yet)
People who are overweight in early adulthood and become obese in later life are three times more likely to develop cancer of the oesophagus or upper stomach, new study results suggest.
March 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246477/can-patients-determine-the-level-of-their-dysphagia
#15
Hafiz Hamad Ashraf, Joanne Palmer, Harry Richard Dalton, Carolyn Waters, Thomas Luff, Madeline Strugnell, Iain Alexander Murray
AIM: To determine if patients can localise dysphagia level determined endoscopically or radiologically and association of gender, age, level and pathology. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients presenting to dysphagia hotline between March 2004 and March 2015 was carried out. Demographics, clinical history and investigation findings were recorded including patient perception of obstruction level (pharyngeal, mid sternal or low sternal) was documented and the actual level of obstruction found on endoscopic or radiological examination (if any) was noted...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246088/adiposity-and-cancer-at-major-anatomical-sites-umbrella-review-of-the-literature
#16
Maria Kyrgiou, Ilkka Kalliala, Georgios Markozannes, Marc J Gunter, Evangelos Paraskevaidis, Hani Gabra, Pierre Martin-Hirsch, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
Objective To evaluate the strength and validity of the evidence for the association between adiposity and risk of developing or dying from cancer.Design Umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.Data sources PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and manual screening of retrieved references.Eligibility criteria Systematic reviews or meta-analyses of observational studies that evaluated the association between indices of adiposity and risk of developing or dying from cancer...
February 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240471/self-expanding-metal-stent-sems-insertion-fluoroscopy-versus-pure-endoscopic-technique-a-cost-comparison
#17
M Govender, C Aldous, D L Clarke
Oesophageal cancer is a disease with significant morbidity and mortality, and in South Africa most patients present with advanced disease.1 Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) are now widely used in the palliation of oesophageal cancer, and in most institutions SEMS are deployed under fluoroscopic guidance. In our institution, we use an exclusive endoscopic deployment technique which is comparable to the traditional fluoroscopic technique in terms of safety and efficacy.2-4 We undertook a study to compare the two techniques with respect to their time- and cost-effectiveness...
September 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240357/textbook-outcome-as-a-composite-measure-in-oesophagogastric-cancer-surgery
#18
L A D Busweiler, M G Schouwenburg, M I van Berge Henegouwen, N E Kolfschoten, P C de Jong, T Rozema, B P L Wijnhoven, R van Hillegersberg, M W J M Wouters, J W van Sandick
BACKGROUND: Quality assurance is acknowledged as a crucial factor in the assessment of oncological surgical care. The aim of this study was to develop a composite measure of multiple outcome parameters defined as 'textbook outcome', to assess quality of care for patients undergoing oesophagogastric cancer surgery. METHODS: Patients with oesophagogastric cancer, operated on with the intent of curative resection between 2011 and 2014, were identified from a national database (Dutch Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Audit)...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238461/-increased-glucose-uptake-by-seborrheic-keratosis-on-pet-scan
#19
C Merklen-Djafri, P Truntzer, S Hassler, B Cribier
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) is an examination based upon the uptake of a radioactive tracer by hypermetabolic cells. It is primarily used in tandem with tomodensitometry (PET-TDM) for cancer staging because of its high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of metastases. However, unusually high uptake may occur with benign tumours, including skin tumours. Herein, we report an extremely rare case of pathological uptake levels resulting from seborrhoeic keratosis...
February 23, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236769/surgically-treated-oesophageal-cancer-developed-in-a-radiated-field-impact-on-peri-operative-and-long-term-outcomes
#20
Sheraz R Markar, Caroline Gronnier, Arnaud Pasquer, Alain Duhamel, Hélène Behal, Jérémie Théreaux, Johan Gagnière, Gil Lebreton, Cécile Brigand, Bernard Meunier, Denis Collet, Christophe Mariette
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to compare peri-operative and long-term outcomes from oesophageal cancer (EC) (i) that arose in a previously radiated field (ECRF) versus primary (PEC) and among ECRF patients and (ii) radiotherapy-induced (RIEC) versus non-radiotherapy-induced EC (NRIEC). METHODS: Data were collected from 30 European centres from 2000 to 2010. Two thousand four hundred eighty nine EC patients surgically treated were included in the PEC group and 136 in the ECRF group, NRIEC group (n = 61) and RIEC group (n = 75)...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
keyword
keyword
69204
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"