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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914343/image-guided-percutaneous-removal-of-ballistic-foreign-bodies-secondary-to-air-gun-injuries
#1
Jacob L Rothermund, Andrew J Rabe, Nicholas A Zumberge, James W Murakami, Patrick S Warren, Mark J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Ballistic injuries with retained foreign bodies from air guns is a relatively common problem, particularly in children and adolescents. If not removed in a timely fashion, the foreign bodies can result in complications, including pain and infection. Diagnostic methods to identify the presence of the foreign body run the entire gamut of radiology, particularly radiography, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT). Removal of the foreign bodies can be performed by primary care, emergency, surgical, and radiologic clinicians, with or without imaging guidance...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913130/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-the-different-criterias
#2
Evren Akgöl, Sedat Abuşoğlu, Faik Deniz Gün, Ali Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: The two-step approach recommended by the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG), Carpenter and Coustan (C&C), and O'Sullivan, and the single-step approach recommended by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) are used to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We aimed to determine GDM prevalence and to compare the two-step and single-step approaches used in the southeastern region of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 3048 records of pregnant women screened for GDM between 2008 and 2014 were retrospectively extracted from our laboratory information system...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912221/nih-quietly-shelves-gun-research-program
#3
Meredith Wadman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905253/co-transformation-mediated-stacking-of-blast-resistance-genes-pi54-and-pi54rh-in-rice-provides-broad-spectrum-resistance-against-magnaporthe-oryzae
#4
Mandeep Kumari, Amit Kumar Rai, B N Devanna, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Ritu Kapoor, H Rajashekara, G Prakash, Vinay Sharma, Tilak Raj Sharma
This is the first report of stacking two major blast resistance genes in blast susceptible rice variety using co-transformation method to widen the resistance spectrum against different isolates of Magnaporthe oryzae. Single resistance (R-) gene mediated approach for the management of rice blast disease has met with frequent breakdown in resistance response. Besides providing the durable resistance, gene pyramiding or stacking also imparts broad spectrum resistance against plant pathogens, including rice blast...
September 13, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905177/readability-assessment-of-online-patient-education-materials-provided-by-the-european-association-of-urology
#5
Patrick Betschart, Valentin Zumstein, Maico Bentivoglio, Daniel Engeler, Hans-Peter Schmid, Dominik Abt
PURPOSE: To assess the readability of the web-based patient education material provided by the European Association of Urology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English patient education materials (PEM) as available in May 2017 were obtained from the EAU website. Each topic was analyzed separately using six well-established readability assessment tools, including Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), SMOG Grade Level (SMOG), Coleman-Liau Index (CLI), Gunning Fog Index (GFI), Flesch Reading Ease Formula (FRE) and Fry Readability Graph (FRG)...
September 13, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903713/is-it-a-dangerous-world-out-there-the-motivational-bases-of-american-gun-ownership
#6
Wolfgang Stroebe, N Pontus Leander, Arie W Kruglanski
Americans are the world's best armed citizens and public polling suggests protection/self-defense is their main reason for gun ownership. However, there is virtually no psychological research on gun ownership. The present article develops the first psychological process model of defensive gun ownership-specifically, a two-component model that considers both the antecedents and consequences of owning a gun for protection/self-defense. We demonstrate that different levels of threat construal-the specific perceived threat of assault and a diffuse threat of a dangerous world-independently predict handgun ownership; we also show how utility judgments can explain the motivated reasoning that drives beliefs about gun rights...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900110/enhancement-of-environmental-hazard-degradation-in-the-presence-of-lignin-a-proteomics-study
#7
Su Sun, Shangxian Xie, Yanbing Cheng, Hongbo Yu, Honglu Zhao, Muzi Li, Xiaotong Li, Xiaoyu Zhang, Joshua S Yuan, Susie Y Dai
Proteomics studies of fungal systems have progressed dramatically based on the availability of more fungal genome sequences in recent years. Different proteomics strategies have been applied toward characterization of fungal proteome and revealed important gene functions and proteome dynamics. Presented here is the application of shot-gun proteomic technology to study the bio-remediation of environmental hazards by white-rot fungus. Lignin, a naturally abundant component of the plant biomass, is discovered to promote the degradation of Azo dye by white-rot fungus Irpex lacteus CD2 in the lignin/dye/fungus system...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899989/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-and-risk-of-heart-failure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Young-Gun Kim, Dukyong Yoon, Sooyoung Park, Seung Jin Han, Dae Jung Kim, Kwan-Woo Lee, Rae Woong Park, Hae Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: The association between dipeptidyl-peptidase IV inhibitors (DPP-4i) and heart failure (HF) remains unclear. In 1 randomized controlled trial and some observational studies, DPP-4i reportedly increased the risk of HF, but 2 other randomized controlled trials and observational studies have shown no such risk. Here, we evaluated the risk of HF and cardiovascular outcomes of DPP-4i compared with sulfonylureas. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2015...
September 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898794/surgical-management-of-late-bullet-embolization-from-the-abdomen-to-the-right-ventricle-case-report
#9
Ramos Mayo Alan Elison, Diaz Elizondo Jose Antonio, Segura Marin Hector, Lopez Garnica Dolores, Treviño Garza Francisco Xavier
INTRODUCTION: Secondary embolus from gun projectile is a rare entity, it represents a clinical and therapeutic dilemma because the potential complications involving central and peripheral circulation. Each case reported in the literature represents a challenge because their unique and different clinical scenarios. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the management of a 33-year-old man with past history of a gunshot wound on left flank with no evidence of any exit wounds, treated with exploratory laparotomy without removing the gunshot bullet from the abdomen...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895519/parapedobacter-lycopersici-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-rhizosphere-soil-of-tomato-plants-solanum-lycopersicum-l
#10
Jeong Myeong Kim, Shin Ae Lee, Hayoung Cho, Soo-Jin Kim, Jae-Ho Joa, Soon-Wo Kwon, Hang-Yeon Weon
A novel Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain, designated T16R-256T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of tomato plants grown in a greenhouse in Yecheon-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea and characterized using polyphasic taxonomy. Cells were aerobic, non-flagellated and rod-shaped. Colonies were light yellow, convex and round. The strain grew in the temperature range of 15-37 °C (optimally at 28-30 °C) and pH range of 7.0-9.0 (optimally at 7.0-8.0) and in 4 % NaCl (w/v). A comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain T16R-256T is a member of the genus Parapedobacter, exhibiting high sequence similarity with Parapedobacter pyrenivorans P-4T (94...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890467/prediction-of-arterial-blood-gas-values-from-venous-blood-gas-values-in-asiatic-black-bears-ursus-thibetanus-anesthetized-with-intramuscular-medetomidine-and-zolazepam-tiletamine
#11
Dong-Hyuk Jeong, Jeong-Jin Yang, Lyon Lee, Seong-Chan Yeon
The objective of this study was to measure differences between arterial and venous blood gas parameters and to evaluate whether arterial blood gas values can be estimated from venous blood in Asiatic black bears (ABBs). Twelve healthy captive ABBs (8 males and 4 females; 8-16 years; 76.8-220 kg) were included in this study. The bears were immobilized with medetomidine and zolazepam-tiletamine using a dart gun. Arterial and venous samples were collected simultaneously at 5 and 35 min after recumbency (5- and 35-min points)...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890458/the-life-of-a-renaissance-gunmaker-bonaccorso-ghiberti-and-the-development-of-florentine-artillery-in-the-late-fifteenth-century
#12
Fabrizio Ansani
This article examines the technological development of artillery production in Florence during the last two decades of the fifteenth century, before and after the assimilation of the most efficient French ordnance into Italian warfare. The study starts from the notes, drawings, accounts, and guns produced by Bonaccorso di Vettorio Ghiberti (1451-1516), the heir of the foundry of his illustrious ancestor Lorenzo di Cione (1378-1455). Data have been collected from the historical archives of the Istituto degli Innocenti, from the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale of Florence, and from the Florentine State Archive...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889869/the-sharing-of-ballistics-data-across-europe-and-neighbouring-territories
#13
F Jeane Gerard, Rebecca L Crookes, Susan Elliott, Michael Hellenbach, Athanasios Stamos, Helen Poole, Erica Bowen
The current study explored the use of ballistic examinations and cross-border information sharing across 14 European countries. The presented data were collected using a mixed methods technique consisting of semi-structured interviews and questionnaires that were completed by participants. The results painted a very heterogeneous picture of the use of automated ballistic systems across these countries, as well as how ballistic analyses are integrated in the fight against gun-enabled crime. Three super-ordinates themes emerged from the thematic analysis: use of automated ballistic systems; Ballistic evidence recovery and analysis; knowledge exchange and best practices...
September 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888336/pediatric-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-in-the-united-states
#14
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888283/in-home-firearm-access-among-us-adolescents-and-the-role-of-religious-subculture-results-from-a-nationally-representative-study
#15
Samuel Stroope, Joshua C Tom
Religious participation is linked to numerous positive safety outcomes for adolescents. Scant attention, however, has been paid to associations between religious participation and safety risks among adolescents. Using data from Add Health (N = 18,449), a nationally representative school-based sample of US adolescents, this study examines the relationship between adolescents' religious affiliation and easy access to firearms at home. Regression analyses adjust for complex sampling design and compare easy firearm access at home among conservative Protestant adolescents to adolescent firearm access in other religious traditions...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887462/evaluating-strategies-for-reversing-crispr-cas9-gene-drives
#16
Michael R Vella, Christian E Gunning, Alun L Lloyd, Fred Gould
A gene drive biases inheritance of a gene so that it increases in frequency within a population even when the gene confers no fitness benefit. There has been renewed interest in environmental releases of engineered gene drives due to recent proof of principle experiments with the CRISPR-Cas9 system as a drive mechanism. Release of modified organisms, however, is controversial, especially when the drive mechanism could theoretically alter all individuals of a species. Thus, it is desirable to have countermeasures to reverse a drive if a problem arises...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886539/exposure-to-lead-and-mercury-through-breastfeeding-during-the-first-month-of-life-a-check-cohort-study
#17
Yelim Park, Aram Lee, Kyungho Choi, Hai-Joong Kim, Jeong Jae Lee, Gyuyeon Choi, Sungjoo Kim, Su Young Kim, Geum Joon Cho, Eunsook Suh, Sung Koo Kim, So-Hee Eun, Soyong Eom, Seunghyo Kim, Gun-Ha Kim, Hyo-Bang Moon, Sungkyoon Kim, Sooran Choi, Young Don Kim, Jinho Kim, Jeongim Park
Mercury and lead are naturally occurring toxicants and are responsible for various health issues including neurobehavioral and developmental disorders. Because of crucial synchronized developmental processes occurring at the early stage of life, infancy and childhood are considered as among the most susceptible windows to the exposure to these metals. Breastmilk is often the only source of nutrition during the first months of life. As breastmilk can be contaminated with these metals, breastfeeding may serve as a significant route of heavy metal exposure among infants...
September 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885690/global-analysis-of-gene-expression-profiles-in-the-submandibular-salivary-gland-of-klotho-knockout-mice
#18
Sung-Min Kwon, Soo-A Kim, Jung-Hoon Yoon, Jong-In Yook, Sang-Gun Ahn
Salivary dysfunction commonly occurs in many older adults and is considered a physiological phenomenon. However, the genetic changes in salivary glands during aging have not been characterized. The present study analyzed the gene expression profile in salivary glands from accelerated aging klotho deficient mice (klotho -/-, 4 weeks old). Microarray analysis showed that 195 genes were differentially expressed (z-score > 2 in two independent arrays) in klotho null mice compared to wild-type mice. Importantly, alpha2-Na(+) /K(+) -ATPase (Atp1a2), Ca(2+) -ATPase (Atp2a1), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and nerve growth factor (NGF), which have been suggested to be regulators of submandibular salivary gland function, were significantly decreased...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885483/assessing-readability-and-reliability-of-online-patient-information-regarding-vestibular-schwannoma
#19
Harry Spiers, Nikul Amin, Raj Lakhani, Andrew J Martin, Parag M Patel
HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study is to objectively assess the quality and readability of websites related to vestibular schwannomas. BACKGROUND: Patients are increasingly seeking information on confirmed or suspected diagnoses through the Internet. Clinicians are often concerned regarding the accuracy, quality, and readability of web-based sites. METHODS: Online information relating to vestibular schwannoma was searched using the three most popular search engines...
September 6, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884678/oryzihumus-soli-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-oryzihumus
#20
Dong-Uk Kim, Song-Gun Kim, Hyosun Lee, A-Young Park, Jong-Ok Ka
A novel strain designated Aerobe-19T was isolated from a soil sample collected from a lawn located in Seoul National University in Korea. The cells were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, and coccus-shaped. Colonies were circular with entire edges, convex, opaque and pale yellow. The strain grew at 15-30 ˚C (optimum, 30 ˚C), pH 5.0-7.0 (optimum, 6.0) and in the presence of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetically, the strain was found to be closely related to members of the genus Oryzihumus and showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 96...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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