Read by QxMD icon Read

pulmonary physiotherapy

Janine Margarita Dizon, Karen Grimmer, Shingai Machingaidze, Pam McLaren, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Little is known about allied health (AH) clinical practice guideline (CPG) activity in South Africa, and particularly in relation to primary health care (PHC). This paper reports on a scoping study undertaken to establish a reference framework, from which a comprehensive maximum variation sample could be selected. This was required to underpin robust sampling for a qualitative study aimed at understanding South African primary care AH therapy CPG activities. This paper builds on findings from the South African Guidelines Evaluation (Project SAGE) Flagship grant...
October 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
Carlo Castellani, Baroukh M Assael
Cystic fibrosis (CF), a monogenic disease caused by mutations in the CFTR gene on chromosome 7, is complex and greatly variable in clinical expression. Airways, pancreas, male genital system, intestine, liver, bone, and kidney are involved. The lack of CFTR or its impaired function causes fat malabsorption and chronic pulmonary infections leading to bronchiectasis and progressive lung damage. Previously considered lethal in infancy and childhood, CF has now attained median survivals of 50 years of age, mainly thanks to the early diagnosis through neonatal screening, recognition of mild forms, and an aggressive therapeutic attitude...
October 5, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Mohammed Aldahmashi, Mohamed Alassal, Ibrahim Kasb, Hany Elrakhawy
Background. Hydatid cyst (HC) disease is endemic in many developing countries, like Yemen, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia, especially in the rural regions. The disease has a variable clinical courses and even might be asymptomatic for many years. Objectives. In giant and large pulmonary hydatid cysts, pulmonary resection is the usual method of surgical treatment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the lung conservative surgery in treatment of cases with giant and large hydatid lung cysts, as an effective method of management...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Emily Henkle, Timothy Aksamit, Alan Barker, Charles L Daley, David Griffith, Philip Leitman, Amy Leitman, Elisha Malanga, Theodore K Marras, Kenneth N Olivier, D Rebecca Prevots, Delia Prieto, Alexandra L Quittner, William Skach, John W Walsh, Kevin L Winthrop
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) cause an increasingly important chronic and debilitating lung disease in older adults. Diagnosis is often delayed, although awareness among clinicians and patients is increasing. When necessary, treatment often lasts 18-24 months and consists of three or four antibiotics that can have serious side effects. Relapses are common and commonly require resumption of prolonged therapy. Given the need for improved diagnostic techniques and clinical trials to identify new therapies or to improve existing therapies, a group of North American clinicians and researchers formed the NTM Research Consortium (NTMRC) in 2014...
September 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
A Fehrenbach, T Werner, A Demirci, P K Zahn, C Grüneberg
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory physiotherapy is an integral part of the care of patients in intensive care units (ICU) after cardiac surgery. One of the most commonly used techniques in ICU to prevent pulmonary complications are mechanical vibrations, which can be applied with a tool called Vibrax.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Vibrax (mechanical vibrations) on the arterial blood gases of patients in ICU during the 1. or 2. day after cardiac surgery. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot study was conducted with 23 patients...
September 2016: Pneumologie
Sigrid N W Vorrink, Helianthe S M Kort, Thierry Troosters, Pieter Zanen, Jan-Willem J Lammers
Physical inactivity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with poor health status and increased disease burden. The present study aims to test the efficacy of a previously developed mobile (m)Health intervention to improve or maintain physical activity in patients with COPD after pulmonary rehabilitation.A randomised controlled trial was performed in 32 physiotherapy practices in the Netherlands. COPD patients were randomised into intervention or usual care groups. The intervention consisted of a smartphone application for the patients and a monitoring website for the physiotherapists...
October 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Lyle L Pritchard
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease that occurs in approximately 1 in 2,500 white live births. It is less common in nonwhite individuals. A dysfunctional epithelial chloride channel leads to excessively thick mucus affecting multiple organ systems. Common issues include mucous plugging of the airway, lung inflammation, chronic pulmonary infections, intestinal malabsorption, and malnutrition. Universal screening of newborns for CF is recommended in many countries. CF can be diagnosed based on clinical evidence of disease along with genetic testing or other laboratory evidence of chloride channel dysfunction...
September 2016: FP Essentials
Alan D L Sihoe, Peter S Y Yu, Timothy H Kam, S Y Lee, Xuyuan Liu
OBJECTIVE: A bespoke clinical pathway is increasingly often used to expedite patient's recovery after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The importance and predictors of adherence to a clinical pathway have not been previously investigated. METHODS: A defined clinical pathway was used for the perioperative management of 136 consecutive patients receiving major pulmonary resection surgery. The clinical pathway encompassed multiple aspects of clinical care, including chest drainage, analgesia, mobilization, physiotherapy, investigations, etc...
May 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Ufuk Kuyrukluyildiz, Orhan Binici, İlke Kupeli, Nurel Erturk, Barış Gulhan, Fethi Akyol, Adalet Ozcicek, Didem Onk, Guldane Karabakan
Objective. Effects of high frequency chest wall oscillation technique were investigated on intubated ICU patients. Background. Thirty intubated patients were included in the study. The control group (n = 15) received routine pulmonary rehabilitation technique. In addition to the pulmonary rehabilitation technique, the study group (n = 15) was given high frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO). APACHE II, dry sputum weight, lung collapse index, and blood gas values were measured at 24th, 48th, and 72nd hours and endotracheal aspirate culture was studied at initial and 72nd hour...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
George I Mataliotakis, Athanasios I Tsirikos, Karen Pearson, Don S Urquhart, Carolyn Smith, Andrew Fall
Spinal deformity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is usually mild requiring no treatment. These patients are rarely considered as surgical candidates for scoliosis correction, as the pulmonary condition and other comorbidities increase the risk of general anaesthesia and recovery. This paper reviews all the literature up to date with regard to scoliosis in patients with CF and reports this unique case of a 14-year-old Caucasian girl with progressive scoliosis, who was treated surgically at the age of 17...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Béla Hegedűs, János Varga, Attila Somfay
INTRODUCTION: Complex pulmonary assessment related to respiratory manifestation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis may contribute to adaptation of an appropriate rehabilitation program. AIM: To examine the relationship between lung function, exercise physiological variables and change in quality of life after rehabilitation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. METHOD: 5 patients in Seyfried's Stage 2 and 11 patients in Stage 3 underwent spinal physiotherapy, ultrasound, massage and paraffin Pack, 15 times each, followed by a high-intensity cycling 3 times a week for 8 weeks...
July 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar, Yasemin Çirak, Yasemin Parlak Demir, Murat Dalkilinç, Bülent Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of manual therapy (MT) on respiratory functions and inspiratory muscle strength in patients with COPD. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with severe COPD (eight females and 22 males; mean age 62.4±6.8 years) referred to pulmonary physiotherapy were included in this study. The patients participated in a single session of MT to measure the short-term effects. The lung function was measured using a portable spirometer...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Naomi A Mckoy, Lisa M Wilson, Ian J Saldanha, Olaide A Odelola, Karen A Robinson
BACKGROUND: People with cystic fibrosis experience chronic airway infections as a result of mucus build up within the lungs. Repeated infections often cause lung damage and disease. Airway clearance therapies aim to improve mucus clearance, increase sputum production, and improve airway function. The active cycle of breathing technique (also known as ACBT) is an airway clearance method that uses a cycle of techniques to loosen airway secretions including breathing control, thoracic expansion exercises, and the forced expiration technique...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hatice Yağlıoğlu, Güniz Meyancı Köksal, Emre Erbabacan, Birsel Ekici
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to investigate the effect of two different methods of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and bilevel positive airway pressure (BIPAP) and oxygen support under spontaneous ventilation on respiration mechanics, gas exchange, dry mouth and face mask lesion during an early postoperative period in patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery. METHODS: Eighty patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery with laparotomy, between the age of 25 and 75 years and American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status score (ASA) II-III with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) diagnosis were included to the study...
August 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Federica Montagnese, Simone Thiele, Stephan Wenninger, Benedikt Schoser
The treatment of late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) relies on enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) and physiotherapy but the most appropriate exercise program is not yet established. Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) has showed promising results, improving motor performances in various populations. Our aim is to assess the effects of WBVT performed by two LOPD patients in addition to ERT and physiotherapy. A side-alternating WBVT lasting 2 years; clinical assessments included: manual muscle testing (MRC sumscore), knee extension and arm flection isometric strength (multi-muscle tester M3diagnos), timed function tests (10 m walking, standing-up from chair, ascending 4-steps), 6 min walking (6 MWT), motor disability (Walton Gardner-Medwin scale), pulmonary function...
August 2016: Neurological Sciences
Daniel L Borges, Mayara Gabrielle Silva, Luan Nascimento Silva, João Vyctor Fortes, Erika Thalita Costa, Rebeca Pessoa Assunção, Carlos Magno Lima, Vinícius José da Silva Nina, Mário Bernardo-Filho, Danúbia Sá Caputo
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is beneficial in several clinical situations and recommended for patients with ischemic heart disease, as well as for those undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 34 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. A randomized control group (n = 15) submitted to conventional physiotherapy. The intervention group (n = 19) received the same protocol plus additional aerobic exercise with cycle ergometer...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Massimiliano Polastri, Andrea Dell'Amore, Giulia Zagnoni, Stefano Nava
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation (LTx) candidates with chronic disease are more prone to exercise limitations. Preoperative physiotherapy (PP) can improve exercise tolerance, which in some patients, is severely impaired, often leaving them housebound. The aim of this study was to answer this question: In patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) qualifying for LTx, is PP effective in improving postoperative outcomes and reducing length of stay (LOS) after transplantation? METHODS: Six major databases were searched up to December 2015...
May 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Julio Plata-Bello, Héctor Roldan, Liberto Brage, Aída Rahy, Víctor Garcia-Marin
OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare complication of the extreme lateral interbody fusion technique. BACKGROUND: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a minimally invasive technique that has achieved great reputation among spine surgeons because of its advantages over other procedures. However, complication rates of this technique have not been definitively assessed so far. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old male smoker, presenting with pseudoarthrosis of a previous posterior stabilization, underwent an LLIF procedure...
July 2016: World Neurosurgery
S Gunay, I Eser, M Ozbey, M Agar, I Koruk, I C Kurkcuoglu
INTRODUCTION: Although the methods used in thoracic surgery have been developing rapidly over the last five decades, postoperative pulmonary complications are seen in this field more than in other surgical branches. We aimed at comparing the acute effects of incentive spirometry (IS) and breathing retraining exercises by a respiratory physiotherapist or experienced physiotherapist. METHODS: Patients were randomized into two groups as spirometry and physiotherapist...
May 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Guilherme Medeiros de Alvarenga, Humberto Remigio Gamba, Lilian Elisa Hellman, Vanusa Ganzert Ferrari, Rafael Michel de Macedo
BACKGROUND: The progressive and chronic course of COPD, characterized by difficulty in breathing, can be aggravated by periods of increased symptoms (exacerbation). The treatment often involves in-hospital care and among the interventions applied in COPD patients, physical therapy prompts good results. However the most used techniques are not properly pinpointed and there is no consensus in the literature regarding its effectiveness. METHODS: A systematic review was performed to identify which physical therapy treatment was applied in these cases...
2016: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"